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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927132/downregulation-of-esophageal-cancer-related-gene-4-promotes-proliferation-and-migration-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Shujian Ge, Yali Xu, Hongliang Wang, Yaxin Sun, Xiangguo Tian, Zhixin Cao, Xiaoyan Lin, Jiawen Xu, Qiangxiu Wang
Esophageal cancer-related gene 4 (ECRG4) is a candidate tumor suppressor gene, which is involved in cell apoptosis, migration, infection and inflammation responsiveness; however, its expression level and clinical significance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. In the present study, the authors aim to evaluate the clinical significance and potential role of ECRG4 in HCC. Level of ECRG4 protein expression in HCC and peripheral tissues was investigated in tissue specimens obtained from 56 consecutive HCC patients by immunohistochemistry...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922192/differentiation-of-malignant-thrombus-from-bland-thrombus-of-the-portal-vein-in-patient-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct
#2
Krishan Kant Agarwal, Dipalkumar Shah, Neha Shah, Manas Mayank
Hepatocellular carcinoma carries a high risk of invasion of the portal vein. Neoplastic and bland portal vein thrombi discrimination is of great clinical significance for determining the therapeutic approach, predicting survival, and assessing candidates for liver transplantation. F-FDG PET/CT may be helpful in discriminating between malignant and portal vein thrombi. We present the case of a 61-year old man who presented with hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein involvement. F-FDG PET/CT has a role in differentiating malignant from benign portal vein thrombosis...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903105/salvage-hepatectomy-for-recurrent-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-radiofrequency-ablation-and-or-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#3
Tatsuya Orimo, Toshiya Kamiyama, Hideki Yokoo, Kenji Wakayama, Shingo Shimada, Takahiro Einama, Hirofumi Kamachi, Akinobu Taketomi
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the short- and long-term surgical outcomes of salvage hepatectomy for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and/or transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). METHODS: We reviewed the surgical outcomes of 90 recurrent HCC patients after RFA and/or TACE (salvage group) and 490 HCC patients without preoperative treatment (primary group). We performed 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) between the 2 groups and matched 87 patients in each group...
September 14, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894793/infiltrative-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-tumor-thrombosis-treated-with-a-single-high-dose-y90-radioembolization-and-subsequent-liver-transplantation-without-a-recurrence
#4
Meaghan S Dendy, Juan C Camacho, Johannes M Ludwig, Alyssa M Krasinskas, Stuart J Knechtle, Hyun S Kim
BACKGROUND: Infiltrative hepatocellular carcinoma with macrovascular invasion is a relatively rare presentation and usually fatal disease. METHODS: Both patients exceeded Milan and University of California-San Francisco (UCSF) criteria, and per Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer group guidelines, they were enrolled in a prospective open-label radioembolization phase II trial that gave them optimized lobar doses of Yttrium-90 as solely the first-line therapy without concomitant or additional pharmacological or locoregional therapies...
September 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888777/evaluation-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-spread-via-the-portal-system-by-3-dimensional-mapping
#5
Shogo Fukutomi, Yoriko Nomura, Osamu Nakashima, Hirohisa Yano, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Yoshito Akagi, Koji Okuda
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The pattern of tumor cell spread via the portal system has not been fully clarified in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to evaluate the intrahepatic distribution of cancer cells derived from the main tumor by assessing histological portal invasion and/or intrahepatic metastasis (vp/im). METHODS: In 14 patients who underwent anatomical resection of primary solitary HCC ≤ 50 mm in diameter, vp/im were examined pathologically, and the sites of the lesions were reproduced on preoperative 3D-CT images...
September 6, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881553/-association-between-a-kinase-anchor-proteins-12-methylation-and-recurrence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Z J Liu, W Liu, C H Cui, L K Gu, B C Xing, D J Deng
Objective: To study the association between the AKAP12 promoter methylation and recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: A total of 142 primary liver cancer patients underwent surgery in department of Hepatobiliary surgery in Peking University Cancer Hospital from 2003 to 2009 were selected as subjects in the survey; with the inclusion criteria as hepatocellular carcinoma, no cancer cells were observed in the surgical margin(SM) samples. All patients had neither lymph nor distant metastasis at the time of surgery, and receiving complete follow-up data for at least 3 years...
September 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879621/survival-analysis-of-advanced-hcc-treated-with-radioembolization-comparing-impact-of-clinical-performance-status-versus-vascular-invasion-metastases
#7
Rehan Ali, Ahmed Gabr, Nadine Abouchaleh, Ali Al Asadi, Ronald A Mora, Laura Kulik, Michael Abecassis, Ahsun Riaz, Riad Salem, Robert J Lewandowski
PURPOSE: In this study, we aim to compare the effects of prognostic indicators on survival analysis for Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) C patients undergoing yttrium-90 radioembolization (Y-90). METHODS: A prospectively acquired database (2003-2017) for BCLC C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients that underwent radioembolization with Y-90 was searched. The criteria for BCLC C status (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 1 or 2, metastases, and/or portal vein thrombosis (PVT)) were recorded...
September 6, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875398/total-hilar-en-bloc-resection-with-left-hemihepatectomy-and-caudate-lobectomy-a-novel-approach-for-treatment-of-left-sided-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma-with-video
#8
Cai De Lu, Jing Huang, Sheng Dong Wu, Yong Fei Hua, Ammar A Javed, Jiong Zhe Fang, Chun Nian Wang, Sheng Ye
BACKGROUND: "Hilar en bloc resection" using a no-touch technique has been advocated as a standard procedure in right-sided hepatectomies for treatment of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC). In principle, it has never been reported for left-sided tumors. The aim is to describe the procedures of total hilar en bloc resection with left hemihepatectomy and caudate lobectomy (THER-LH) for advanced PHC and discuss feasibility and clinical significance of this novel technique. METHODS: A retrospective study using a prospectively maintained database was performed to identify eight patients who had received THER-LH for advanced PHC from January 2013 to December 2015...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870909/expression-of-cancer-stem-cell-associated-dkk1-mrna-serves-as-prognostic-marker-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
Tomohiko Sakabe, Junya Azumi, Yoshihisa Umekita, Kan Toriguchi, Etsuro Hatano, Yasuaki Hirooka, Goshi Shiota
BACKGROUND/AIM: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are associated with prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In our previous study, we created cDNA microarray databases on the CSC population of human HuH7 cells. In the present study, we identified genes that might serve as prognostic markers of HCC by employing existing databases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expressions of glutathione S-transferase pi 1 (GSTP1), lysozyme (LYZ), C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 5 (CXCL5), interleukin-8 (IL8) and dickkopf WNT signaling pathway inhibitor 1 (DKK1), the five most highly expressed genes in the CSC cDNA microarray databases, were examined in 99 patients with HCC by real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and their clinical significance was analyzed...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870051/-choices-of-methods-in-dividing-the-neck-of-pancreas-in-laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#10
R G Lin, H G Huang, Y C Chen, F C Lu, X C Lin, Y Y Yang, H Z Fang, C F Wang
Objective: To discuss the methods, skills and experiences of dividing the neck of pancreas in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy(LPD). Methods: The clinical data of 58 patients with periampullary tumors who received LPD at the Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University from December 2014 to January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 26 males and 32 females, ranged from 18 to 65 years, with a mean age of (46±12)years. Results: All of the 58 patients underwent operation smoothly.Three cases underwent open anastomosis via an auxiliary incision after the total resection of specimen laparoscopically, due to the early learning curve of LPD...
September 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867529/one-hundred-and-forty-five-total-laparoscopic-pancreatoduodenectomies-a-single-centre-experience
#11
Igor Khatkov, Roman Izrailov, Pavel Tyutyunnik, Artur Khisamov, Alexey Andrianov, Abe Fingerhut
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic pancreatoduodenectomy (LPD) remains one of the most challenging minimal invasive operations today. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2007 and December 2016, 197 patients were scheduled for LPD but 162 patients (from January 2007 to July 2016) were analysed in this cohort series. RESULTS: Total LPD concerned for 162 patients (five patients did not undergo PD and 12 underwent conversion): standard LPD in 104 patients (66%), and laparoscopic pylorus-preserving PD in 41 patients (26%)...
August 19, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864605/radioembolization-of-colorectal-liver-metastases-indications-technique-and-outcomes
#12
F Edward Boas, Lisa Bodei, Constantinos T Sofocleous
Liver metastases are a major cause of death from colorectal cancer. Intraarterial therapy options for colorectal liver metastases include chemoinfusion via a hepatic arterial pump or port, irinotecan-loaded drug-eluting beads, and radioembolization using (90)Y microspheres. Intraarterial therapy allows the delivery of a high dose of chemotherapy or radiation into liver tumors while minimizing the impact on liver parenchyma and avoiding systemic effects. Specificity in intraarterial therapy can be achieved both through preferential arterial flow to the tumor and through selective catheter positioning...
September 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856972/elastography-methods-for-the-non-invasive-assessment-of-portal-hypertension
#13
Davide Roccarina, Matteo Rosselli, Joan Genesca, Emmanuel A Tsochatzis
The gold standard to assess the presence and severity of portal hypertension remains the hepatic vein pressure gradient, however the recent development of non-invasive assessment using elastography techniques offers valuable alternatives. In this review, we discuss the diagnostic accuracy and utility of such techniques in patients with portal hypertension due to cirrhosis. Areas covered: A literature search focused on liver and spleen stiffness measurement with different elastographic techniques for the assessment of the presence and severity of portal hypertension and oesophageal varices in people with chronic liver disease...
September 12, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856003/sorafenib-induced-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-in-a-patient-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-transarterial-chemoembolization-and-radiofrequency-ablation-a-case-report
#14
Qing-Liang Wang, Xiao-Jie Li, Zhi-Cheng Yao, Peng Zhang, Shi-Lei Xu, He Huang, Kun-Peng Hu
Comprehensive treatments together with sorafenib provide a survival benefit for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is an increasingly recognized distinct entity; however, only few cases induced by sorafenib have been reported to date. We herein present a rare case of ACLF in a patient under treatment with sorafenib. A 63-year-old woman who suffered from hepatitis B for 10 years was admitted to our hospital. A computed tomography (CT) scan led to a diagnosis of HCC in the V/VIII hepatic segment, with invasion of the middle hepatic and the right portal veins...
October 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853803/-portal-vein-thrombosis-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#15
Melissa Dupuis, Laurent Spahr, Emiliano Giostra, Laure Elkrief
Portal vein thrombosis is frequently encountered in patients with cirrhosis. Increased indication for non-invasive imaging in patients with cirrhosis has dramatically increased the recognition of PVT. This has led to a large amount of studies on pathogenesis as well as the prognostic impact of portal vein thrombosis on natural history of cirrhosis. However, in clinical practice, several aspects of the management of portal vein thrombosis remain unclear. This practical review discusses the most recent data toward the management of portal vein thrombosis in cirrhosis, especially regarding : a) the value of etiological workup ; b) the impact of portal vein thrombosis on the natural history of cirrhosis, and c) the indications and modalities of anticoagulation therapy...
August 30, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853157/the-preoperative-globulin-to-albumin-ratio-a-novel-inflammation-based-prognostic-system-predicts-survival-after-potentially-curative-liver-resection-for-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Takayuki Shimizu, Mitsuru Ishizuka, Takashi Suzuki, Genki Tanaka, Kyung Hwa Park, Takatsugu Matsumoto, Takayuki Shiraki, Yuhki Sakuraoka, Masato Kato, Taku Aoki, Keiichi Kubota
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although the globulin-to-albumin ratio (GAR) is useful for prognostication of patients with various cancers, its relationship with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. The study aims to investigate the relationship between GAR and postoperative survival among patients with HCC undergoing potentially curative liver resection (LR). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 368 patients with newly diagnosed HCC who underwent initial and potentially curative LR...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843714/pancreatectomy-with-venous-resection-for-pt3-head-adenocarcinoma-perioperative-outcomes-recurrence-pattern-and-prognostic-implications-of-histologically-confirmed-vascular-infiltration
#17
Giuseppe Malleo, Laura Maggino, Giovanni Marchegiani, Giovanni Feriani, Alessandro Esposito, Luca Landoni, Luca Casetti, Salvatore Paiella, Elda Baggio, Giovanni Lipari, Paola Capelli, Aldo Scarpa, Claudio Bassi, Roberto Salvia
BACKGROUND: The outcomes of pancreatectomy with superior mesenteric vein (SMV) or portal vein (PV) resection have been mixed. This study investigated the morbidity and mortality profile after SMV-PV resection in comparison with standard pancreatectomy. Furthermore, we assessed whether tumors with histologically proven SMV-PV infiltration differ from other pT3 neoplasms in terms of recurrence pattern and survival. METHODS: All patients with a pT3 head adenocarcinoma resected from 2000 to 2013 were analyzed retrospectively...
August 19, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834223/liver-and-systemic-hemodynamics-in-cirrhotic-children-impact-on-the-surgical-management-in-pediatric-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#18
Catherine de Magnée, Francis Veyckemans, Thierry Pirotte, Renaud Menten, Dana Dumitriu, Philippe Clapuyt, Karlien Carbonez, Catherine Barrea, Thierry Sluysmans, Christine Sempoux, Isabelle Leclercq, Francis Zech, Xavier Stephenne, Raymond Reding
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cirrhosis in adults is associated with modifications of systemic and liver hemodynamics, whereas little is known about the pediatric population. The aim of this work was to investigate whether alterations of hepatic and systemic hemodynamics were correlated with cirrhosis severity in children. The impact of hemodynamic findings on surgical management in pediatric living donor liver transplantation was evaluated. METHODS: Liver and systemic hemodynamics were studied prospectively in 52 children (median age= 1 year; 33 biliary atresia)...
August 17, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833055/impact-of-portal-vein-infiltration-and-type-of-venous-reconstruction-in-surgery-for-borderline-resectable-pancreatic-cancer
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
R Ravikumar, C Sabin, M Abu Hilal, A Al-Hilli, S Aroori, G Bond-Smith, S Bramhall, C Coldham, J Hammond, R Hutchins, C Imber, G Preziosi, A Saleh, M Silva, J Simpson, G Spoletini, D Stell, J Terrace, S White, S Wigmore, G Fusai
BACKGROUND: The International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery (ISGPS) recommends operative exploration and resection of pancreatic cancers in the presence of reconstructable mesentericoportal axis involvement. However, there is no consensus on the ideal method of vascular reconstruction. The effect of depth of tumour invasion of the vessel wall on outcome is also unknown. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of pancreaticoduodenectomy with vein resection for T3 adenocarcinoma of the head of the pancreas across nine centres...
October 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827907/major-liver-resection-for-large-and-locally-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Viniyendra Pamecha, Shridhar Vasantrao Sasturkar, Piyush Kumar Sinha, Shyam Sundar Mahansaria, Kishore G S Bharathy, Senthil Kumar, Archana Rastogi
Optimal management of large and locally advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a clinical challenge especially in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). We present our experience of major liver resection for large and locally advanced HCC. Prospectively collected data of patients with large and locally advanced HCC who underwent major liver resection between March 2011 and May 2015. The outcome measures of interest were the characteristics of tumor, surgical outcome, and overall as well as disease-free survival...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
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