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Portal vein invasion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754851/treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-tumor-thrombus-with-the-use-of-iodine-125-seed-strand-implantation-and-transarterial-chemoembolization-a-propensity-score-analysis
#1
Zi-Han Zhang, Wen Zhang, Jun-Ying Gu, Qing-Xin Liu, Jing-Qin Ma, Ling-Xiao Liu, Jian-Hua Wang, Jian-Jun Luo, Zhi-Ping Yan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of iodine-125 (125 I) seed strand implantation in combination with transarterial chemoembolization for the treatment of hepatitis B-related unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein invasion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2013 to June 2016, 76 HCC patients with type II tumor thrombus were included in this single-center retrospective study. Twenty patients underwent 125 I seed strand implantation combined with transarterial chemoembolization (group A; n = 20), while 56 patients underwent transarterial chemoembolization alone (group B; n = 56)...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739274/comprehensive-analysis-of-factors-affecting-clinical-response-and-short-term-survival-to-drug-eluting-bead-transarterial-chemoembolization-for-treatment-in-patients-with-liver-cancer
#2
Xia Wu, Ran Chen, Weiliang Zheng, Hongjie Hu
This study aimed to investigate the clinical response and short-term survival and further explore the comprehensive factors for predicting clinical outcomes in patients with liver cancer treated by drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization . Forty-nine patients with liver cancer who received drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization treatment were consecutively enrolled in this cohort study. Demographic features, medical histories, clinicopathological properties, biochemical indexes, previous treatments, and chemoembolization reagents were recorded...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735312/steato-score-non-invasive-quantitative-assessment-of-liver-fat-by-ultrasound-imaging
#3
Nicole Di Lascio, Cinzia Avigo, Antonio Salvati, Nicola Martini, Monica Ragucci, Serena Monti, Anna Prinster, Dante Chiappino, Marcello Mancini, Domenico D'Elia, Lorenzo Ghiadoni, Ferruccio Bonino, Maurizia R Brunetto, Francesco Faita
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is becoming a global epidemic. The aim of this study was to develop a system for assessing liver fat content based on ultrasound images. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy measurements were obtained in 61 patients and the controlled attenuation parameter in 54. Ultrasound images were acquired for all 115 participants and used to calculate the hepatic/renal ratio, hepatic/portal vein ratio, attenuation rate, diaphragm visualization and portal vein wall visualization. The Steato-score was obtained by combining these five parameters...
May 4, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727331/10th-anniversary-of-alpps-lessons-learned-and-quo-vadis
#4
Hauke Lang, Eduardo de Santibañes, Hans J Schlitt, Massimo Malagó, Thomas van Gulik, Marcel A Machado, Elio Jovine, Stefan Heinrich, Giuseppe Maria Ettorre, Albert Chan, Roberto Hernandez-Alejandro, Ricardo Robles Campos, Per Sandström, Michael Linecker, Pierre-Alain Clavien
OBJECTIVE: Associating Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation for Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) has been tested in various indications and clinical scenarios, leading to steady improvements in safety. This report presents the current status of ALPPS. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: ALPPS offers improved resectability, but drawbacks are regularly pointed out regarding safety and oncologic benefits. METHODS: During the 12th biennial congress of the European African-Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association (Mainz, Germany, May 23-26, 2017) an expert meeting "10th anniversary of ALPP" was held to discuss indications, management, mechanisms of regeneration, as well as pitfalls of this novel technique...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715132/synchronous-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Jenny Z Lai, Yihua Zhou, Dengfeng Cao
Two or more histologically distinct malignancies diagnosed during the same hospital admission are uncommon, but they do exist. Cases with synchronous primary pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and hepatocellular carcinoma are rarely seen. This is a case report of a 56 years old Caucasian female with the chief complaint of jaundice over a duration of 10 days. CT imaging findings revealed a 3.5 cm ill-defined pancreatic head mass and a 1.5 cm liver mass in the segment 5. EUS-FNA cytology showed pancreatic head ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC)...
May 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705239/re-validation-of-response-to-yttrium-90-radioembolization-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-invasion
#6
Carlo Sposito, Carlo Spreafico, Vincenzo Mazzaferro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673458/-elevated-expression-of-clock-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Bo Li, Xiliang Yang, Jiaqi Li, Yi Yang, Zhaoyong Yan, Hongxin Zhang, Jiao Mu
Objective To evaluate the expression of circadian locomotor output cycles kaput (CLOCK) and its effects on cell growth in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods The expression of CLOCK in 158 pairs of human HCC tissues and matched noncancerous samples was detected by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. The expression of CLOCK in HCC patients was also verified using the data from GEO and TCGA (a total of 356 cases). The relationship between CLOCK expression and clinicopathological features of HCC patients was analyzed by single factor statistical analysis...
February 2018: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668579/gallbladder-cancer-with-tumor-thrombus-in-the-portal-vein-a-case-report
#8
Xiao-Zhen Zhang, Jian-Jun Tu, Wei Chen, Tao Ma, Xue-Li Bai, Ting-Bo Liang
RATIONALE: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is a highly fatal malignancy. Due to its invasiveness and delayed diagnosis, many GBC patients are diagnosed with synchronous liver and hepatoduodenal ligament involvement. In our case, we report a gallbladder cancer with portal vein thrombus. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 60-year-old woman presented with persistent upper abdominal dull pain for 2 months. DIAGNOSES: Ultrasound examination showed gallbladder carcinoma invading liver segment IV, and a tumor thrombus in the left and right main portal trunk...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665630/comparison-of-surgical-resection-versus-transarterial-chemoembolization-with-additional-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-invasion
#9
Danbi Lee, Han Chu Lee, Jihyun An, Ju Hyun Shim, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim, Young-Hwa Chung, Yung Sang Lee
Background/Aims: Portal vein invasion (PVI) is a poor prognostic factor in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We intended to compare the effects of surgical resection and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) with additional radiation therapy (RT) in HCC patients with PVI. Methods: The subjects comprised 43 patients who underwent surgical resection for HCC with PVI without previous treatment and another 43 patients who received TACE followed by RT (TACE+RT) as initial treatment who were matched for Child-Pugh class, tumor size, and extent of PVI...
January 16, 2018: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658823/totally-laparoscopic-mini-alpps-using-a-novel-approach-of-laparoscopic-assisted-transmesenteric-portal-vein-embolization
#10
Juan Pekolj, Fernando A Alvarez, David Biagiola, Lucas Villegas, Victoria Ardiles, Eduardo de Santibañes
BACKGROUND: The initial mortality rates of associating liver partition and portal vein occlusion for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) were high. However, recent data from the International Registry show a continuous reduction of early mortality and major morbidity due to risk adjustment in patient selection and less invasive techniques in stage-1 surgery. During the first ALPPS International Consensus in 2015, we introduced a paradigm inversion of ALPPS, the so-called "Mini-ALPPS." METHODS: We combined a partial liver partition with a novel technique of laparoscopic-assisted percutaneous cannulation of the inferior mesenteric vein for intraoperative transmesenteric portal vein embolization...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650939/-a-case-of-successful-treatment-with-gemcitabine-plus-nab-paclitaxel-therapy-for-nonresected-pancreatic-body-cancer-stage-ivb
#11
Jun Kaneko, Ayako Kamiya, Kenta Kobayashi, Yasushi Takatsuno, Ito Kondoh, Kentaro Maejima, Jun Isogai, Kumi Hasegawa, Takeshi Endo, Shizuaki Maejima
A 61-year-old woman was introduced for consultation with a chief complaint of frequent vomiting. CT revealed a pancreatic body cancer approximately 40mm in size; an invading stenosis from the horizontal part of the duodenum to the jejunum, superior mesenteric artery, and portal vein, splenic vein obstruction, lymphadenopathy, and some ascitic fluid. We diagnosed a passage disorder due to the invasive stenosis from the horizontal part of the duodenum of the pancreatic body cancer to the jejunum, and subsequently performed a duodenum and jejunum bypass operation...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644005/radiofrequency-assisted-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-palliative-surgical-resection-of-locally-advanced-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#12
Jayant Kumar, Isabella Reccia, Mikael H Sodergren, Tomokazu Kusano, Artur Zanellato, Madhava Pai, Duncan Spalding, Dimitris Zacharoulis, Nagy Habib
Background: Despite careful patient selection and preoperative investigations curative resection rate (R0) in pancreaticoduodenectomy ranges from 15% to 87%. Here we describe a new palliative approach for pancreaticoduodenectomy using a radiofrequency energy device to ablate tumor in situ in patients undergoing R1/R2 resections for locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma where vascular reconstruction was not feasible. Results: There was neither postoperative mortality nor significant morbidity...
March 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620290/significance-of-lysyl-oxidase%C3%A2-like-2-gene-expression-on-the-epithelial%C3%A2-mesenchymal-status-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#13
Go Ninomiya, Suguru Yamada, Masamichi Hayashi, Shigeomi Takeda, Masaya Suenaga, Hideki Takami, Mitsuro Kanda, Naoki Iwata, Yukiko Niwa, Chie Tanaka, Daisuke Kobayashi, Tsutomu Fujii, Goro Nakayama, Hiroyuki Sugimoto, Masahiko Koike, Michitaka Fujiwara, Yasuhiro Kodera
In the present study, we investigated the role of lysyl oxidase‑like 2 (LOXL2), the correlation between LOXL2 and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the effects of using β‑aminopropionitrile (BAPN) to inhibit LOXL2 with the aim of reducing tumor progression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The expression level of LOXL2 was evaluated in HCC and adjacent non‑cancerous tissues using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and clinicopathological analyses. The effects of BAPN on cell proliferation, migration and invasion were investigated in vitro...
April 2, 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602726/does-enhancement-or-perfusion-on-preprocedure-ct-predict-outcomes-after-embolization-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Alessandra Borgheresi, Adrian Gonzalez-Aguirre, Karen T Brown, George I Getrajdman, Joseph P Erinjeri, Anne Covey, Hooman Yarmohammadi, Etay Ziv, Constantinos T Sofocleous, Franz Edward Boas
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether quantitative enhancement or perfusion measurements on preprocedure triphasic computed tomography (CT) can be used to predict response or overall survival after embolization of hepatocellular carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this retrospective review of 63 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma treated with particle embolization between March 2009 and December 2014...
March 27, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562412/-application-of-vascular-replacement-technique-with-allogenic-blood-vessel-in-radical-resection-for-pancreatic-carcinoma-a-report-of-33-cases
#15
S C Lyu, Q He, R Lang, L X Li, H Fan, X L Li, Z H Zhang, B Pan
Objective: To analyze the application of vascular replacement technique with allogenic blood vessel in radical resection for pancreatic carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 33 patients with vascular invasion of pancreatic carcinoma who underwent radical resection from April 2013 to April 2017 in Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 14 males and 19 females with age of (62.5±10.6)years(ranging from 35 to 78 years). Vascular replacement technique with allogenic blood vessel was used on all patients who underwent radical resection for pancreatic carcinoma...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559288/prospective-trial-using-internal-pair-production-positron-emission-tomography-to-establish-the-yttrium-90-radioembolization-dose-required-for-response-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Keith T Chan, Adam M Alessio, Guy E Johnson, Sandeep Vaidya, Sharon W Kwan, Wayne Monsky, Ann E Wilson, David H Lewis, Siddharth A Padia
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the threshold dose for objective response of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), using90 Y internal pair-production positron emission tomography (PET) to quantify the radiation dose delivered to hepatic tumors after radioembolization. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A prospective study was performed under institutional review board approval from 2012 to 2014. Thirty-five patients with primary and secondary liver tumors undergoing90 Y treatment were recruited...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553550/an-anatomical-study-of-nerves-at-risk-during-minimally-invasive-hallux-valgus-surgery
#17
Miki Dalmau-Pastor, Jordi Vega, Francesc Malagelada, Fernando Peña, Maria Cristina Manzanares-Céspedes
The growing popularity of minimally invasive surgical (MIS) procedures makes it necessary that new anatomical references arise, to aid in tridimensional orientation and localization of structures that are not directly visible to the surgeon. This is especially critical for structures at risk like nerves or blood vessels. Optimization of the handling of cadaveric material and the combination of multiple techniques compensate for the limited availability of adequate specimens. The described protocol combines anatomical plane-by-plane dissection and sectional anatomy of fresh-frozen specimens to help localize relevant structures, such as nerves, arteries, veins and to correctly position the portals during MIS procedures...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552478/a-technique-for-the-reduction-of-complications-associated-with-anterior-portal-placement-during-ankle-arthroscopy-using-a-peripheral-vein-illumination-device
#18
Yusuke Tsuyuguchi, Tomoyuki Nakasa, Masakazu Ishikawa, Yasunari Ikuta, Mikiya Sawa, Masahiro Yoshikawa, Nobuo Adachi
Ankle arthroscopy is a minimally invasive technique for ankle joint treatment. However, injury to the intermediate dorsal cutaneous nerve (IDCN) and the medial dorsal cutaneous nerve (MDCN) is a common complication during anterior portal placement. To prevent injuries, methods such as palpating the nerves topographically and marking the nerves by transilluminating the skin with an arthroscope have been proposed. Easier and more definitive methods of identifying the IDCN and MDCN should result in a reduction of complications...
February 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548631/anatomic-study-of-anterior-and-posterior-ankle-portal-sites-for-ankle-arthroscopy-in-plantarflexion-and-dorsiflexion-a-cadaveric-study-in-the-japanese-population
#19
Ichiro Tonogai, Fumio Hayashi, Yoshihiro Tsuruo, Koichi Sairyo
Arthroscopy is an important and minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic tool. However, the risk of injury to the neurovascular structures around the portals exists during arthroscopy of the ankle. In the present study, we measured the distance between each portal and the adjacent neurovascular structures with the foot in plantarflexion and dorsiflexion in the Japanese population. Standard anterolateral (AL), anteromedial, posterolateral (PL), and posteromedial portal positions were identified in 6 fresh adult cadaveric feet...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547558/effects-of-coffee-extracts-with-different-roasting-degrees-on-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-systems-in-mice
#20
Sukyoung Choi, Soohan Jung, Kwang Suk Ko
Coffee roasting affects the taste, color, and aroma of coffee. The Maillard reaction, a major reaction during the roasting process, produces melanoidin, which affects the overall antioxidant capacity and anti-inflammatory effects of coffee. In this experiment, coffee roasting was divided into four degrees: Light, Medium, City, and French. To examine the in vivo antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of coffee extracts with different roasting degrees, we used 10-week-old male C57BL/6 mice. Mice were pre-treated with coffee extracts for 10 days by oral gavage (300 mg/Kg...
March 16, 2018: Nutrients
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