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Shock in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642966/procedural-sedation-and-analgesia-for-pediatric-shock-wave-lithotripsy-a-10-year-experience-of-single-institution
#1
Banu Cevik, Murat Tuncer, Kutlu Hakan Erkal, Bilal Eryildirim, Kemal Sarica
The aim of this study was to evaluate anesthesia practice for pediatric extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) according to the age groups and discuss the anesthetic management of these patients. Pediatric patients treated with ESWL because of urolithiasis under anesthesia in our department between December 2007 and January 2017 were evaluated retrospectively. A total of 251 patients were divided into two groups as Group PS: preschool children (<6 years) and Group S: school children (≥6 years)...
June 22, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638943/elevated-serum-heat-shock-protein-70-and-liver-stiffness-reflect-hepatic-dysfunction-and-severity-in-postoperative-biliary-atresia
#2
Sittisak Honsawek, Wanvisa Udomsinprasert, Napaphat Jirathanathornnukul, Voranush Chongsrisawat, Yong Poovorawan
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia (BA) is a severe chronic liver disease characterized by progressive obstructive cholangiopathy of biliary tract. Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) is involved in protecting cells against a wide variety of stress and plays a protective role in tissue damage. The purpose of this study was to investigate serum HSP70 and liver stiffness in BA and determine the association of serum HSP70, liver stiffness, and outcome parameters in post-Kasai BA patients. METHODS: One hundred post-Kasai BA patients and 40 controls were enrolled...
June 21, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629200/level-of-sedentary-behavior-and-its-associated-factors-among-saudi-women-working-in-office-based-jobs-in-saudi-arabia
#3
Nada M Albawardi, Hoda Jradi, Abdulla A Almalki, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa
Research in Saudi Arabia has revealed a shocking level of insufficiently physically active adults, particularly women. The risk of sedentary behavior will likely increase as the number of women with office-based jobs increases. The aim of this study is to determine the level of sedentary behavior, and its associated factors, among Saudi women working office-based jobs in the city of Riyadh. A cross-sectional study of 420 Saudi female employees at 8 office-based worksites were measured to determine body mass index and were given a self-administered survey to evaluate their level of physical activity and sedentary behavior...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617763/short-term-peripheral-vasoactive-infusions-in-pediatrics-where-is-the-harm
#4
Jason T Patregnani, Anthony A Sochet, Darren Klugman
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric shock represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Standardization of treatment such as volume resuscitation and vasoactive administration has resulted in improved patient outcomes. Vasoactives have been anecdotally associated with peripheral IV infiltration and extravasation. There is a paucity of evidence in pediatrics to determine the ideal route of vasoactive infusions and what, if any, risk factors and harm are associated with peripheral IV infiltration and extravasation...
June 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615900/predictors-of-outcome-in-children-with-status-epilepticus-during-resuscitation-in-pediatric-emergency-department-a-retrospective-observational-study
#5
Indumathy Santhanam, Sangeetha Yoganathan, V Akila Sivakumar, Rubini Ramakrishnamurugan, Sharada Sathish, Murali Thandavarayan
OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical profile and predictors of outcome in children with status epilepticus (SE) during resuscitation in pediatric emergency department. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Admission and resuscitation data of children, aged between 1 month and 12 years, treated for SE, between September 2013 and August 2014, were extracted using a standard data collection form. Our SE management protocol had employed a modified pediatric assessment triangle to recognize and treat acute respiratory failure, cardiovascular dysfunction (CD), and subtle SE until all parameters resolved...
April 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606196/prescribing-an-automated-external-defibrillator-for-children-at-increased-risk-of-sudden-arrhythmic-death
#6
Karen A McLeod, Eileen Fern, Fiona Clements, Ruth McGowan
BACKGROUND: Automated external defibrillators can be life-saving in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to review our experience of prescribing automated external defibrillators for children at increased risk of sudden arrhythmic death. METHODS: We reviewed all automated external defibrillators issued by the Scottish Paediatric Cardiac Electrophysiology Service from 2005 to 2015. All parents were given resuscitation training according to the Paediatric Resuscitation Guidelines, including the use of the automated external defibrillator...
June 13, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601903/can-complications-in-febrile-neutropenia-be-predicted-report-from-a-developing-country
#7
Sapna Oberoi, Anirban Das, Amita Trehan, Pallab Ray, Deepak Bansal
PURPOSE: Febrile neutropenia (FN) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We aimed to look at complications in febrile neutropenia and to derive a risk model for developing complications from the variables predicting complications. METHODS: Children on treatment for ALL, presenting with FN, were prospectively enrolled over a period of 1 year. Their clinical presentation, course during hospital stay, and outcomes were recorded...
June 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600630/arterial-versus-venous-lactate-a-measure-of-sepsis-in-children
#8
Sahan Asela Samaraweera, Berwyck Gibbons, Anami Gour, Philip Sedgwick
This study assessed the agreement between arterial and venous blood lactate and pH levels in children with sepsis. This retrospective, three-year study involved 60 PICU patients, with data collected from electronic or paper patient records. The inclusion criteria comprised of children (≤17 years old) with sepsis and those who had a venous blood gas taken first with an arterial blood gas taken after within one hour. The lactate and pH values measured through each method were analysed. There is close agreement between venous and arterial lactate up to 2 mmol/L...
June 10, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599698/implementation-of-ventilator-bundle-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-of-a-developing-country
#9
Anwarul Haque, Quratulain Riaz, Syed Asad Ali
The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of VAP(ventilator associated pneumonia) after strict implementation of ventilator bundle in PICU. Medical records of all children (age 1 month - 16 years) were retrospectively reviewed, who were on mechanical ventilation (MV) for more than 48 hours and received all key components of "ventilator bundle" from January 2012 to December 2014. Out of 1050, 565 (54%) patients were enrolled. The mean age was 4.02 SD 4.29 years and 62 (69%) were male. The indications of MV were respiratory illness (54%), neurological illness (31%), shock (9%), and postoperative care (6%)...
May 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599461/sparc-overexpression-suppresses-radiation-induced-hsp27-and-induces-the-collapse-of-mitochondrial-%C3%AE-%C3%AF-in-neuroblastoma-cells
#10
Smita Tanpure, Jerusha Boyineini, Manu Gnanamony, Reuben Antony, Karen S Fernández, Jaime Libes, Julian Lin, David Pinson, Pushpa A Joseph, Christopher S Gondi
Neuroblastoma is the cause of >15% of cancer-associated mortality in children in the USA. Despite aggressive treatment regimens, the long-term survival rate for these children remains at <40%. The current study demonstrates that secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) suppresses radiation-induced expression of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) in vivo and suppresses mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψ) in neuroblastoma cells. In the present study, the overexpression of SPARC in SK-N-BE(2) and NB1691 neuroblastoma cell lines suppresses radiation-induced G2M cell cycle arrest, proliferation, HSP27 expression (in vitro and in vivo) and induces the collapse of the mitochondrial Δψ...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598976/the-dynamic-role-of-autophagy-and-mapk-signaling-in-determining-cell-fate-under-cisplatin-stress-in-osteosarcoma-cells
#11
Sudeshna Mukherjee, Subhra Dash, K Lohitesh, Rajdeep Chowdhury
Osteosarcoma (OS) is an aggressive bone malignancy commonly observed in children and adolescents. Sub-optimal therapy for years has irretrievably compromised the chances of OS patient survival; also, lack of extensive research on this rare disease has hindered therapeutic development. Cisplatin, a common anti-tumor drug, is currently an integral part of treatment regime for OS along with methotrexate and doxorubicin. However, toxicity issues associated with combination module impede OS therapy. Also, despite the proven benefits of cisplatin, acquisition of resistance remains a concern with cisplatin-based therapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598948/causes-for-pauses-during-simulated-pediatric-cardiac-arrest
#12
David Oren Kessler, Dawn Taylor Peterson, Alexis Bragg, Yiqun Lin, John Zhong, Jonathan Duff, Mark Adler, Linda Brown, Farhan Bhanji, Jennifer Davidson, David Grant, Adam Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Pauses in cardiopulmonary resuscitation negatively impact clinical outcomes; however, little is known about the contributing factors. The objective of this study is to determine the frequency, duration, and causes for pauses during cardiac arrest. DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of video data collected from a prospective multicenter trial. Twenty-six simulated pediatric cardiac arrest scenarios each lasting 12 minutes in duration were analyzed by two independent reviewers to document events surrounding each pause in chest compressions...
June 8, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598946/dexmedetomidine-for-sedation-during-noninvasive-ventilation-in-pediatric-patients
#13
Rasika Venkatraman, James L Hungerford, Mark W Hall, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Joseph D Tobias
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of dexmedetomidine for sedation in a large cohort of nonintubated children with acute respiratory insufficiency receiving noninvasive ventilatory support. DESIGN: Single-center, retrospective, observational cohort study. SETTING: A large quaternary-care PICU. PATIENTS: The study cohort included 202 children receiving noninvasive ventilatory and a dexmedetomidine infusion within 48 hours of PICU admission over a 6-month period...
June 8, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596655/a-correlation-of-the-platelet-count-with-d-dimer-levels-as-an-indicator-for-component-therapy-in-children-with-dengue-hemorrhagic-fever
#14
Arthi Sridhar, B M Sunil Kumar, Aarathi Rau, A T K Rau
Dengue Fever (DF) may evolve into two life threatening forms-Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS). DHF is associated with increased vascular permeability and plasma leakage causing thrombocytopenia and loss of clotting factors into the third space and may result in bleeding initially due to thrombocytopenia and later due to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), often as a terminal event. Prompt recognition and treatment of minor bleeds in DF children with incipient DIC with component therapy may be associated with improved survival while failure to do so is usually catastrophic...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595994/-news-techniques-of-pacing-in-congenital-heart-diseases
#15
Mathieu Le Bloa, Jean-Benoît Thambo
The number of children and adult with congenital heart disease requiring implantation of cardiac pacemaker or cardioverter defibrillator is constantly increasing. The lead between stimulation/defibrillation site and the generator constitutes the main weakpoint of those devices despite the numerous recent technological advances: use of bipolar probes, corticoid elution electrodes, insulation improvement, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compatibility. Risk of device failure remains high in this population. Long term adverse events with endovascular devices remain high...
June 5, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584508/childhood-pyogenic-septic-arthritis-as-seen-in-a-teaching-hospital-south-east-nigeria
#16
Njoku Isaac Omoke, Akputa Aja Obasi
BACKGROUND: Childhood pyogenic septic arthritis and its associated musculoskeletal morbidity is an important health concern in developing countries. Its pattern of presentation that varies from and within subregions has implications on the early recognition, treatment, and outcome. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern and outcome of childhood septic arthritis in our environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all the children seen with pyogenic septic arthritis in Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki between January 2005 and December 2015...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574129/smoking-in-italy-in-2015-2016-prevalence-trends-roll-your-own-cigarettes-and-attitudes-towards-incoming-regulations
#17
Alessandra Lugo, Piergiorgio Zuccaro, Roberta Pacifici, Giuseppe Gorini, Paolo Colombo, Carlo La Vecchia, Silvano Gallus
PURPOSE: In 2016, a series of selective tobacco regulations, which did not affect tobacco price, came into force in Italy. To understand how Italians accepted the new norms, we analyzed data from our 2 most recent surveys among those we annually conduct on tobacco. METHODS: In 2015 and 2016, we conducted 2 representative cross-sectional studies focused on the new forthcoming tobacco legislation on a total sample of 6,046 Italians aged ≥15 years. RESULTS: Overall, 21...
May 26, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549024/the-epidemiology-of-hospital-death-following-pediatric-severe-sepsis-when-why-and-how-children-with-sepsis-die
#18
Scott L Weiss, Fran Balamuth, Josey Hensley, Julie C Fitzgerald, Jenny Bush, Vinay M Nadkarni, Neal J Thomas, Mark Hall, Jennifer Muszynski
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiology of in-hospital death after pediatric sepsis has not been well characterized. We investigated the timing, cause, mode, and attribution of death in children with severe sepsis, hypothesizing that refractory shock leading to early death is rare in the current era. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Emergency departments and ICUs at two academic children's hospitals. PATIENTS: Seventy-nine patients less than 18 years old treated for severe sepsis/septic shock in 2012-2013 who died prior to hospital discharge...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546088/extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-management-of-renal-stones-in-children-does-anesthesia-affect-the-treatment-outcomes-on-an-age-based-manner
#19
Murat Tuncer, Banu Çevik, Bilal Eryıldırım, Gökhan Faydacı, Kemal Sarıca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate beneficial effect of anaesthesia on extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) in children older than nine years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 61 children (aging between 9-17 years) treated with SWL for renal stones were included. Depending on the use of general anesthesia, children were divided into two groups; (Group 1, n=27) Cases treated with SWL under anesthesia and (Group 2, n=34) SWL without anesthesia. Patients in both groups were comparatively evaluated with respect to treatment related (stone size, stone laterality, stone location, mean number of sessions, mean number of shock waves applied, residual fragments size, stone free rate (SFR), clinically significant residual fragment complications and need of additional intervention) parameters...
May 22, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536123/randomized-controlled-trial-of-mineralocorticoid-receptor-blockade-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-allograft-nephropathy
#20
Mara Medeiros, Luis Velásquez-Jones, Ana M Hernández, Guillermo Ramón-García, Saúl Valverde, Yolanda Fuentes, Arindal Vargas, Mauricio Patiño, Rosalba Pérez-Villalva, Juan Antonio Ortega-Trejo, Jonatan Barrera-Chimal, Norma A Bobadilla
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We showed that mineralocorticoid receptor blockade (MRB) prevented acute and chronic cyclosporine nephropathy (CsA-Nx) in the rat. The aim of this translational study was to investigate the effect of long-term eplerenone administration on renal allograft function in children with biopsy-proven chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Renal transplant children <18 years, biopsy-proven CAN, and a GFR>40 ml/min per 1...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
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