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Macrovascular invasion

Quirino Lai, Estelle Feys, Vincent Karam, Rene Adam, Jurgen Klempnauer, Martin Oliverius, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Andreas Pascher, Piotr Remiszewski, Helena Isoniemi, Jacques Pirenne, Aksel Foss, Bo G Ericzon, Sasa Markovic, Jan P Lerut
BACKGROUND: Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE) is a rare vascular tumor which has an intermediate aggressive behavior. Although the value of liver transplantation (LT) is well established, its place in the management of HEHE is still unclear. The aim of this study is to confirm, based on a very large patient cohort, the value of LT in the management of HEHE and to identify risk factors for post-LT recurrence. METHODS: The outcome of 149 transplant recipients with HEHE recorded in the European Liver Transplant Registry during the period November 1984 to May 2014 was analyzed...
2017: Transplantation
Theodoros Dimitroulas, James Hodson, Aamer Sandoo, Jacqueline Smith, George D Kitas
BACKGROUND: Symmetric (SDMA) and asymmetric (ADMA) dimethylarginines have emerged as novel biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in several disease settings associated with atherosclerosis. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease characterized by high CVD mortality and morbidity. ADMA and SDMA levels are abnormal in RA patients, but their correlation with assessments of endothelial function and structure remains unknown. We aimed to investigate whether SDMA and ADMA are associated with carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and arterial stiffness as well as non-invasive assessments of in vivo micro- and macrovascular endothelial function in RA patients with high systemic inflammatory load...
February 10, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Kenneth Sh Chok, Ka Kin Ng, Tan To Cheung, Albert Cy Chan, See Ching Chan, Chung Mau Lo
BACKGROUND: T4 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with invasion to adjacent structure(s) may require resection of not only the tumor but also the invaded structure(s). This study aims to assess whether such combined resection for T4 HCC is justifiable. METHODS: Adult patients with T4 HCC were divided into three groups. Group 1: tumors and invaded adjacent structures were resected together if histopathologically confirmed tumor invasion; group 2: same as group 1 but histopathologically confirmed tumor adhesion; group 3: tumor resection only...
February 2017: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Eileen L Yoon, Jong Eun Yeon, Eunjung Ko, Hyun Jung Lee, Ji Hye Je, Yang Jae Yoo, Seong Hee Kang, Sang Jun Suh, Ji Hoon Kim, Yeon Seok Seo, Hyung Joon Yim, Kwan Soo Byun
The prognostic role of aberrant serum miRNA expression for predicting response to sorafenib treatment in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients has not been well characterized. We aimed to identify specific serum miRNAs that are associated with positive radiologic responses or improved survival in sorafenib-treated HCC patients. miR-18a, miR-21, miR-139-5p, miR-221, miR-224, and miR-10b-3p, were selected for analysis. Serum samples from 24 patients with advanced stage HCC and 25 patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) were analyzed...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
S Baltrusch
Patients with diabetes mellitus suffer from late damage, including microvascular and macrovascular complications and diabetic polyneuropathy, even though blood glucose is well controlled and the HbA1c value normalised. Peripheral nerves are affected, and when these are damaged, this can result in disturbed sensation and pain. Such nerves are mainly Aδ und C fibres, which are present in the skin, but also in the subbasal nerve plexus of the cornea. Imaging of the subbasal nerve plexus using microscopic techniques allows a very early and objective view of neuropathy, which is only possible invasively by skin biopsy...
December 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Jordi Bruix, Shukui Qin, Philippe Merle, Alessandro Granito, Yi-Hsiang Huang, György Bodoky, Marc Pracht, Osamu Yokosuka, Olivier Rosmorduc, Valeriy Breder, René Gerolami, Gianluca Masi, Paul J Ross, Tianqiang Song, Jean-Pierre Bronowicki, Isabelle Ollivier-Hourmand, Masatoshi Kudo, Ann-Lii Cheng, Josep M Llovet, Richard S Finn, Marie-Aude LeBerre, Annette Baumhauer, Gerold Meinhardt, Guohong Han
BACKGROUND: There are no systemic treatments for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) whose disease progresses during sorafenib treatment. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of regorafenib in patients with HCC who have progressed during sorafenib treatment. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, phase 3 trial done at 152 sites in 21 countries, adults with HCC who tolerated sorafenib (≥400 mg/day for ≥20 of last 28 days of treatment), progressed on sorafenib, and had Child-Pugh A liver function were enrolled...
7, 2017: Lancet
Cheng Chen, Janet Wei, Ahmed AlBadri, Parham Zarrini, C Noel Bairey Merz
Angina has traditionally been thought to be caused by obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). However, a substantial number of patients with angina are found to not have obstructive CAD when undergoing coronary angiography. A significant proportion of these patients have coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD), characterized by heightened sensitivity to vasoconstrictor stimuli and limited microvascular vasodilator capacity. With the advent of non-invasive and invasive techniques, the coronary microvasculature has been more extensively studied in the past 2 decades...
December 22, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
N N I N Ibrahim, A H G Rasool
BACKGROUND: Pulse wave analysis (PWA) and laser Doppler fluximetry (LDF) are non-invasive methods of assessing macrovascular endothelial function and microvascular reactivity respectively. The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between macrovascular endothelial function assessed by PWA and microvascular reactivity assessed by LDF. METHOD: 297 healthy and non-smoking subjects (159 females, mean age (±SD) 23.56 ± 4.54 years) underwent microvascular reactivity assessment using LDF followed by macrovascular endothelial function assessments using PWA...
November 20, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
Konstantina Dipla, Areti Triantafyllou, Iris Grigoriadou, Evangelia Kintiraki, Georgios A Triantafyllou, Pavlos Poulios, Ioannis S Vrabas, Andreas Zafeiridis, Stella Douma, Dimitrios G Goulis
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a risk factor for the development of endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. However, in vivo microvascular endothelial function in GDM has not been investigated. This study aimed to examine, using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), whether: (1) there are differences in microvascular reactivity and skeletal muscle oxygen consumption (m[Formula: see text]) at rest and during exercise between GDM and uncomplicated pregnancies; and (2) there is an association of NIRS indices with macrovascular function and cardiovascular disease risk factors...
January 2017: Diabetologia
Vatche G Agopian, Michael P Harlander-Locke, Daniela Markovic, Ali Zarrinpar, Fady M Kaldas, Elaine Y Cheng, Hasan Yersiz, Douglas G Farmer, Jonathan R Hiatt, Ronald W Busuttil
Importance: Serum α-fetoprotein (AFP) is a biomarker for hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) associated with a more aggressive tumor phenotype and inferior outcomes after a liver transplant (LT). Data on the outcomes for patients with HCCs that do not produce AFP are limited. Objective: To compare characteristics and outcomes among LT recipients with radiographically apparent HCC lesions with AFP-producing tumors or with tumors that do not produce AFP (hereafter referred to as non-AFP-producing tumors), and to identify factors influencing recurrence in LT recipients with non-AFP-producing tumors...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
Jun-Tao Tan, Chang Zhao, Ning-Fu Peng, Yang Yang, Jian-Hong Zhong, Tian Yang, Ming-Hua Zheng, Yan-Yan Wang, Wen-Feng Gong, Bang-De Xiang, Le-Qun Li
AIM: The suitability of hepatic resection for older patients remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate whether age influences overall survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after resection. METHODS: Records of 1,132 patients with HCC after hepatic resection were retrospectively reviewed. Overall survival (OS) was compared between younger and older patients based on five cut-off ages (30, 40, 50, 60, and 70 years). RESULTS: Across all patients, OS was 89...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Christina Brock, Birgitte Brock, Anne Grave Pedersen, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Niels Jessen, Adam D Farmer
The global prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing; arguably as a consequence of changes in diet, lifestyle and the trend towards urbanization. Unsurprisingly, the incidence of both micro and macrovascular complications of diabetes mirrors this increasing prevalence. Amongst the complications with the highest symptom burden, yet frequently under-diagnosed and sub-optimally treated, is diabetic autonomic neuropathy, itself potentially resulting in cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy and gastrointestinal (GI) tract dysmotility...
August 25, 2016: World Journal of Diabetes
Ji Hyun Noh, Tae-Seok Kim, Keun Soo Ahn, Yong Hoon Kim, Koo Jeong Kang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine which factors affect the prognosis of hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) larger than 5 cm, including the prognostic difference between tumor sizes from 5-10 cm and larger than 10 cm. METHODS: The medical records of 114 patients who underwent hepatectomy for single HCC larger than 5 cm were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: In the analysis of the entire cohort of 114 patients, the 5-year overall and diseases-free survival rates were 50% and 29%, respectively...
September 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Fritz-Line Vélayoudom-Céphise, Kalina Rajaobelina, Catherine Helmer, Sovanndany Nov, Emilie Pupier, Laurence Blanco, Marie Hugo, Blandine Farges, Cyril Astrugue, Henri Gin, Vincent Rigalleau
BACKGROUND: We aimed to analyze the relationships between skin autofluorescence (SAF) and incident macrovascular events and renal impairment after 4 years of follow-up in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: Two hundred and forty-three patients (51.2 ± 16.7 years old) with T1D participated. SAF was measured by AGE-Reader-TM at inclusion. Macrovascular events (MVE), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urinary albumin excretion rate (AER) were recorded then and 4 years later...
September 1, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Zsófia Meiszterics, Orsolya Tímár, Balázs Gaszner, Réka Faludi, Dániel Kehl, László Czirják, Gabriella Szűcs, András Komócsi
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary manifestations have an important impact on the life expectancy of SSc patients. Functional and morphological macrovascular changes may appear early before the development of ischaemic symptoms. Several non-invasive methods are used in cardiovascular risk assessment. Heterogeneous data are available regarding these in SSc. We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to characterize the importance of atherosclerosis in SSc. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed to identify controlled studies on carotid intima-media thickness, flow- or nitrate-induced vasodilatation (flow-mediated dilatation, nitroglycerine-mediated dilatation), pulse wave velocity, augmentation index and ankle-brachial pressure index...
December 2016: Rheumatology
K Dipla, E Kintiraki, I Grigoriadou, G Triantafyllou, A Triantafyllou, I Zografou, I S Vrabas, A Zafeiridis, D G Goulis, S Douma
OBJECTIVE: Patients with Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at increased risk for gestational hypertension. Although GDM is considered a mild metabolic dysfunction, some studies have associated GDM with alterations of endothelial responsiveness, whereas, other studies suggested that the time of exposure to hyperglycemia might be insufficient to induce micro- and macrovascular dysfunction. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) allows a non-invasive monitoring of functional changes in oxygenated hemoglobin (O2Hb) and oxygen tissue saturation (TSI) and the assessment of microvascular function within the skeletal muscle...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
W B Gao, S Xiao, X Lei, L Y Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prognostic factors that have affected the long-term survival of solitary large hepatocellular carcinoma (SLHCC) patients after hepatectomy. METHODS: The clinical data of 215 SLHCC patients accepted hepatectomy in the Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from January 2004 to December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 182 males and 33 females aged from 24 to 69 years(median age was 46 years). Using a variety of statistical methods, including the Kaplan-Meier estimator and the Log-rank test, the impacts of an array of clinicopathologic factors, such as age, gender, liver cirrhosis, chronic viral hepatitis, the Child-Pugh grading, microvascular invasion, macrovascular invasion and TNM staging, on the overall survival and the disease-free survival of SLHCC patients after hepatectomy were analyzed...
July 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Dawei Chen, Shuanghai Liu, Sheng Chen, Zhaowen Wang, Zehua Wu, Kai Ma, Junwei Fan, Zhihai Peng
BACKGROUND: Application of the Milan criteria is an effective strategy to select patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) for liver transplantation, but HCC recurrence is still a major concern. The aim of this study was to determine whether interleukin 6 (IL6) polymorphisms and clinical variables are potential predictors for HCC recurrence and prognosis after transplantation. METHODS: A total of 110 consecutive patients with HCC undergoing liver transplantation were enrolled in the study...
December 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Julien Calderaro, Benoît Rousseau, Giuliana Amaddeo, Marion Mercey, Cécile Charpy, Charlotte Costentin, Alain Luciani, Elie-Serge Zafrani, Alexis Laurent, Daniel Azoulay, Fouad Lafdil, Jean-Michel Pawlotsky
: The prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains poor, with only one third of patients eligible for curative treatments and very limited survival benefits with the use of sorafenib, the current standard of care for advanced disease. Recently, agents targeting the programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1)/programmed death receptor 1 (PD-1) immune checkpoint were shown to display impressive antitumor activity in various solid or hematological malignancies, including HCC. PD-L1 immunohistochemical expression is thought to represent a biomarker predictive of drug sensitivity...
June 30, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Feng Xia, Li-Li Wu, Wan-Yee Lau, Hong-Bo Huan, Xu-Dong Wen, Kuan-Sheng Ma, Xiao-Wu Li, Ping Bie
AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of adjuvant sorafenib after curative resection for patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC)-stage C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Thirty-four HCC patients, classified as BCLC-stage C, received adjuvant sorafenib for high-risk of tumor recurrence after curative hepatectomy at a tertiary care university hospital. The study group was compared with a case-matched control group of 68 patients who received curative hepatectomy for HCC during the study period in a 1:2 ratio...
June 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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