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Benjamin B Massenburg, Hillary E Jenny, Saurabh Saluja, John G Meara, Mark G Shrime, Nivaldo Alonso
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) is estimated to occur in 1 out of every 700 births, but for many people residing in low- and middle-income countries this deformity may be repaired late in life or not at all. This study aims to analyze worldwide provider-perceived barriers to the surgical repair of CLP in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: From 2011 to 2014, Smile Train distributed a multiple-choice, voluntary survey to healthcare providers to identify areas of need in CLP care worldwide...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Sanghee Kim, Myung-Nam Lee, Senah Lee
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widely used by patients across the world. As nurses play a key role in patient care, describing nurses' knowledge, perceived barriers, and practices regarding CAM would be essential. A descriptive design was applied with 170 Korean nurses to measure the nurses' knowledge, perceived barriers, and practice experience regarding CAM. Nurses in Korea reported a lack of knowledge regarding CAM, moderate to high levels of perceived barriers to using CAM, and low levels of CAM practice in nursing...
November 2016: Holistic Nursing Practice
Isabell B Purdy, Mary Alice Melwak, Joan R Smith, Carole Kenner, Rebecca Chuffo-Siewert, Donna J Ryan, Sue Hall
BACKGROUND: The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can be a stressful environment for infants, their families, and the healthcare team. There is an immediate need for neonatal nurses to embrace and translate the new National Perinatal Association recommendations for psychosocial support of NICU parents into clinical practice to demonstrate best practices for infants, their families, and the whole team. PURPOSE: To summarize the current evidence-based practice recommendations and to provide suggestions for team members to develop strategies to adopt and implement them through quality improvement (QI) projects...
October 19, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Zachary Y Huang, Stephanie Lin, Kiheung Ahn
Methoprene, a juvenile hormone (JH) analog, is a widely used insecticide that also accelerates behavioral development in honey bees (Apis mellifera). JH regulates the transition from nursing to foraging in adult worker bees, and treatment with JH or methoprene have both been shown to induce precocious foraging. To determine how methoprene changes honey bee behavior, we compared JH titers of methoprene-treated and untreated bees. Behavioral observations confirmed that methoprene treatment significantly increased the number of precocious foragers in 3 out of 4 colonies...
October 20, 2016: Insect Science
Divya Talwar, Tung-Sung Tseng, Margaret Foster, Lei Xu, Lei-Shih Chen
PURPOSE: The completion of the Human Genome Project has enhanced avenues for disease prevention, diagnosis, and management. Owing to the shortage of genetic professionals, genetics/genomics training has been provided to nongenetic health professionals for years to establish their genomic competencies. We conducted a systematic literature review to summarize and evaluate the existing genetics/genomics education programs for nongenetic health professionals. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched from January 1990 to June 2016...
October 20, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
C A Whicher, R Shah, H Gleeson, L Vaughan, L Albon
It had become a familiar routine. My seventh admission with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in a year. Each time I was admitted it was the same; a DKA protocol, a diabetes specialist nurse visit, and a few questions from the doctors checking if "everything is okay?" On each admission, I would be discharged home after a couple of days. We all knew I'd be back again within a month or two.
2016: Acute Medicine
Margaret Loyet, Amy McLean, Karen Graham, Cheryl Antoine, Kathy Fossick
BACKGROUND: Women carrying a fetus with a suspected or known fetal anomaly have complex needs such as emotional and informational support and help with the logistical aspects of arranging care and treatment from numerous specialists. IMPROVEMENT IN QUALITY OF CARE FOR WOMEN CARRYING A FETUS WITH A SUSPECTED OR KNOWN FETAL ANOMALY:: Our fetal care team was initiated in 2012 to meet the needs of this high-risk pregnant population. The fetal care team nurse coordinator supports the woman and her family through all aspects of care during the pregnancy and neonatal period including scheduling appointments with multiple specialists, being there with her as a support person, keeping her updated, making sure she has accurate information about the fetal diagnosis, and helping her to navigate the complex healthcare system...
November 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Alsacia L Sepulveda-Pacsi, Grenny Hiraldo, Keville Frederickson
BACKGROUND: Two thirds of respondents of a recent survey, primarily self-identified urban immigrant Dominican females, indicated that cancer was the health problem they worried about the most. PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain a greater understanding of the cancer worry experienced by Dominican women. DESIGN: Giorgi's descriptive existential phenomenological framework and methodology guided the study. SETTING: Washington Heights/Inwood community, New York City, New York...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
Jeannette Pols
This article is a written version of the lecture for the IPONS conference in Stockholm. The article starts from the claim that there is no such thing as technology, only different variations of technologies. These technologies, plural, all have their specific workings that we can only learn about by studying these empirically, by analysing the relations between people and their technologies. These relations are always unpredictable, as it is not given beforehand what values the participants pursue. Studying and understanding the workings of healthcare technology is a crucial task for nursing studies, as nurses are often key actors in making these devices work...
October 18, 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
Manasi Hulyalkar, Stephen J Gleich, Rahul Kashyap, Amelia Barwise, Harsheen Kaur, Yue Dong, Lei Fan, Srinivas Murthy, Grace M Arteaga, Sandeep Tripathi
Increasing process complexity in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) can lead to information overload resulting in missing pertinent information and potential errors during morning rounds. An efficient model using a novel electronic rounding tool was designed as part of a broader critical care decision support system-checklist for early recognition and treatment of acute illness and injury in pediatrics (CERTAINp). We aimed to evaluate its impact on improving the process of care during rounding. Prospective pre- and post-interventional data included: team performance baseline assessment, patient safety discussion, guideline adherence, rounding time, and a survey of Residents' and Nurses' perception using a Likert scale...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Jianghua He, Vincent S Staggs, Sandra Bergquist-Beringer, Nancy Dunton
BACKGROUND: Time trends and seasonal patterns have been observed in nurse staffing and nursing-sensitive patient outcomes in recent years. It is unknown whether these changes were associated. METHODS: Quarterly unit-level nursing data in 2004-2012 were extracted from the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators® (NDNQI®). Units were divided into groups based on patterns of missing data. All variables were aggregated across units within these groups and analyses were conducted at the group level...
2016: BMC Nursing
Camilla Callegari, Lorenza Bertù, Melissa Lucano, Marta Ielmini, Elena Braggio, Simone Vender
BACKGROUND: In recent years resilience has gained clinical relevance in sociological, psychological, and medical disciplines, and a lot of scales measuring resilience have been developed and have been utilized in the western countries. The aim of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the 14-item Resilience Scale (RS-14), by describing its validity and reliability. As agreed with the authors of the original English version of the RS-14, it was translated into Italian...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Wanli Xu, Stephen Walsh, Xiaomei S Cong
High-risk neonates experience numerous painful/stressful procedures daily in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Accumulated pain and stress have a detrimental impact on infants' neurodevelopment. Few valid tools are available to measure accumulated pain/stressors among NICU infants. The aim of this study was to obtain nurses' perceptions about severity and acuity levels regarding each painful/stressful procedure that infants may experience in the NICU. The data will support developing a new instrument, the Accumulated Pain/Stressor Scale (APSS) in NICUs...
October 15, 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Ahmad Ismail
Providing effective pain management is necessary for all patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Because of developmental considerations, caring for children may provide additional challenges. The purpose of this literature review is to describe key challenges in providing effective pain management in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs), with the aim of bringing about a better understanding by health care providers caring for children. Challenges of providing effective pain management in the PICU can be categorized into four levels...
October 15, 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Meri Kankaanpää, Maria Raitakari, Leila Muukkonen, Siv Gustafsson, Merja Heitto, Ari Palomäki, Kimmo Suojanen, Veli-Pekka Harjola
BACKGROUND: To assess whether the use of point-of-care testing (POCT) and early assessment team (EAT) model shortens emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS). METHODS: This prospective, observational study with comparison between three study periods was performed in three phases in a metropolitan ED with 57,000 annual visits. Data were collected from adult ambulatory patients who were discharged home. Phase 1 served as a control (n = 1559 in one month)...
October 18, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Peter A Lewis, Naomi F Tutticci, Clint Douglas, Genevieve Gray, Yvonne Osborne, Katie Evans, Catherine M Nielson
The professional development of nurse academics has been high on the agenda in many of the Asia-Pacific's developing countries including Vietnam. In collaboration with the Vietnamese Nurses Association, an Australian university designed and delivered a distance learning programme (DLP). The DLP sought to build academic capacity with a specific focus on the skills required to develop, implement and deliver a new national nursing curriculum. This paper will describe the design and delivery of the DLP as well as report on programme evaluation survey findings...
October 8, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Fei Hu, Jiayan Zhang, Shupeng Shi, Zhang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Febrile illness in young children usually indicates an underlying infection and is a cause of concern for parents and carers. It is very important that healthcare professionals know how to recognize fever, assess children with fever, treat children with fever and role of nurses and parents. This paper outlines a best practice implementation project on the management of fever in children in an emergency department. OBJECTIVES: To audit current practice of fever management for children in an emergency department and to implement strategies to standardize pediatric fever management based on evidence-based practice guidelines...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Cedric Mabire, Andrew Dwyer, Antoine Garnier, Joanie Pellet
BACKGROUND: Inadequate discharge planning for the growing elderly population poses significant challenges for health services. Effective discharge planning interventions have been examined in several studies, but little information is available on nursing's role or the specific components of these interventions. Despite the research published on the importance of discharge planning, the impact on patient's health outcomes still needs to be proven in practice. OBJECTIVES: To determine the best available evidence on the effectiveness of discharge planning interventions involving at least one nurse on health-related outcomes for elderly inpatients discharged home and to assess the relative impact of individual components of discharge planning interventions...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Shellene K Dietrich, Coleen M Francis-Jimenez, Melida Delcina Knibbs, Ismael L Umali, Marie Truglio-Londrigan
BACKGROUND: Sleep health is essential for overall health, quality of life and safety. Researchers have found a reduction in the average hours of sleep among college students. Poor sleep has been associated with deficits in attention, reduction in academic performance, impaired driving, risk-taking behaviors, depression, impaired social relationships and poorer health. College students may have limited knowledge about sleep hygiene and the behaviors that supports sleep health, which may lead to poor sleep hygiene behavior...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Aaron Pinkhasov, Deepan Singh, Benjamin Kashan, Julie DiGregorio, Theresa M Criscitelli, Scott Gorenstein, Harold Brem
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information about the effect of psychiatric comorbidities on wound healing in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1. Discuss the connection between DM and the development of psychiatric comorbidities...
November 2016: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
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