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Early Warning System

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526850/drought-and-child-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-small-scale-surveys-from-ethiopia
#1
Tefera Darge Delbiso, Chiara Altare, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Shannon Doocy, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Despite the intuitive connection between drought and mortality, we still lack a sound quantitative synthesis of evidence drawn from the available data. In this study, we estimate the pooled under-five death rates (U5DR) and assess the effect of drought on child death in Ethiopia. Small-scale mortality surveys were searched from the Complex Emergency Database and then aggregated spatially and temporally with drought exposure data from the Global Drought Monitor and food insecurity data from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515604/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-pre-hospital-medical-emergencies-early-warning-scale
#2
Abbasali Ebrahimian, Gholamreza Masoumi, Roohangiz Jamshidi-Orak, Hesam Seyedin
INTRODUCTION: The number of requests for emergency medical services (EMSs) has increased during the past decade. However, most of the transports are not essential. Therefore, it seems crucial to develop an instrument to help EMS staff accurately identify patients who need pre-hospital care and transportation. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Pre-hospital Medical Emergencies Early Warning Scale (Pre-MEWS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This mixed-method study was conducted in two phases...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509758/post-hoc-analysis-of-automated-early-warning-system-alert-linked-to-end-of-life-discussions-is-there-a-racial-disparity-in-effectiveness
#3
Jason Chertoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504426/mosquito-distribution-in-a-saltmarsh-determinants-of-eggs-in-a-variable-environment
#4
Raylea Rowbottom, Scott Carver, Leon A Barmuta, Philip Weinstein, Geoff R Allen
Two saltmarsh mosquitoes dominate the transmission of Ross River virus (RRV, Togoviridae: Alphavirus), one of Australia's most prominent mosquito-borne diseases. Ecologically, saltmarshes vary in their structure, including habitat types, hydrological regimes, and diversity of aquatic fauna, all of which drive mosquito oviposition behavior. Understanding the distribution of vector mosquitoes within saltmarshes can inform early warning systems, surveillance, and management of vector populations. The aim of this study was to identify the distribution of Ae...
June 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501815/can-the-prehospital-national-early-warning-score-identify-patients-most-at-risk-from-subsequent-deterioration
#5
Joanna Shaw, Rachael T Fothergill, Sophie Clark, Fionna Moore
INTRODUCTION: The National Early Warning Score (NEWS) aids the early recognition of those at risk of becoming critically ill. NEWS has been recommended for use by ambulance services, but very little work has been undertaken to date to determine its suitability. This paper examines whether a prehospital NEWS derived from ambulance service clinical observations is associated with the hospital ED disposition. METHODS: Prehospital NEWS was retrospectively calculated from the ambulance service clinical records of 287 patients who were treated by the ambulance service and transported to hospital...
May 13, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497055/indigenous-wildlife-rabies-in-taiwan-ferret-badgers-a-long-term-terrestrial-reservoir
#6
Yu-Ching Lan, Tzai-Hung Wen, Chao-Chin Chang, Hsin-Fu Liu, Pei-Fen Lee, Chung-Yuan Huang, Bruno B Chomel, Yi-Ming A Chen
The emerging disease of rabies was confirmed in Taiwan ferret badgers (FBs) and reported to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) on July 17, 2013. The spread of wildlife rabies can be related to neighborhood countries in Asia. The phylogenetic analysis was conducted by maximum likelihood (ML) methods and the Bayesian coalescent approach based on the glycoprotein (G) and nucleoprotein (N) genes. The phylogeographic and spatial temporal dynamics of viral transmission were determined by using SPREAD, QGIS...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482830/comparing-national-infectious-disease-surveillance-systems-china-and-the-netherlands
#7
Willemijn L Vlieg, Ewout B Fanoy, Liselotte van Asten, Xiaobo Liu, Jun Yang, Eva Pilot, Paul Bijkerk, Wim van der Hoek, Thomas Krafft, Marianne A van der Sande, Qi-Yong Liu
BACKGROUND: Risk assessment and early warning (RAEW) are essential components of any infectious disease surveillance system. In light of the International Health Regulations (IHR)(2005), this study compares the organisation of RAEW in China and the Netherlands. The respective approaches towards surveillance of arboviral disease and unexplained pneumonia were analysed to gain a better understanding of the RAEW mode of operation. This study may be used to explore options for further strengthening of global collaboration and timely detection and surveillance of infectious disease outbreaks...
May 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482278/mania-risk-is-characterized-by-an-aberrant-optimistic-update-bias-for-positive-life-events
#8
Sandra Schönfelder, Johanna Langer, Eva Elisa Schneider, Michèle Wessa
BACKGROUND: Early cognitive models of mania posit that a cognitive triad consisting of unrealistically optimistic beliefs about the self, world and future may predispose vulnerable individuals to develop manic symptoms. Hypomanic personality traits (HYP) pose such a vulnerability factor in the etiopathogenesis of mania. METHODS: To test the cognitive tenet of overly optimistic views of the future, 24 individuals with high-HYP and 24 age- and sex-matched controls (low-HYP) performed a belief update paradigm, during which they estimated their personal chances to experience future positive and negative life events...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480125/the-most-effective-methods-for-delivering-severe-weather-early-warnings-to-fishermen-on-lake-victoria
#9
Richard Tushemereirwe, Doreen Tuhebwe, Mary Ann Cooper, Florence Mutonyi D'ujanga
Introduction: It is estimated that five thousand people die on Lake Victoria every year by drowning which is triggered by severe weather hazards like lightning. Objectives:  In order to improve predictability of severe weather conditions on Lake Victoria, there is need to deliver timely and effective Severe Weather Early Warning Systems (SWEWS) to those at risk. On Lake Victoria, previous SWEW service trials ceased with the end of the funding grants. This study therefore assessed the possibility of sustaining the SWEW service by assessing willingness to pay...
February 22, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458110/nanophotonic-label-free-biosensors-for-environmental-monitoring
#10
REVIEW
Blanca Chocarro-Ruiz, Adrián Fernández-Gavela, Sonia Herranz, Laura M Lechuga
The field of environmental monitoring has experienced a substantial progress in the last years but still the on-site control of contaminants is an elusive problem. In addition, the growing number of pollutant sources is accompanied by an increasing need of having efficient early warning systems. Several years ago biosensor devices emerged as promising environmental monitoring tools, but their level of miniaturization and their fully operation outside the laboratory prevented their use on-site. In the last period, nanophotonic biosensors based on evanescent sensing have emerged as an outstanding choice for portable point-of-care diagnosis thanks to their capability, among others, of miniaturization, multiplexing, label-free detection and integration in lab-on-chip platforms...
April 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456463/regime-shifts-and-ecological-catastrophes-in-a-model-of-plankton-oxygen-dynamics-under-the-climate-change
#11
Sergei Petrovskii, Yadigar Sekerci, Ezio Venturino
It is estimated that more than a half of the total atmospheric oxygen is produced in the oceans due to the photosynthetic activity of phytoplankton. Any significant decrease in the net oxygen production by phytoplankton is therefore likely to result in the depletion of atmospheric oxygen and in a global mass mortality of animals and humans. In its turn, the rate of oxygen production is known to depend on water temperature and hence can be affected by the global warming. We address this problem theoretically by considering a model of a coupled plankton-oxygen dynamics where the rate of oxygen production slowly changes with time to account for the ocean warming...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441062/measles-cases-among-adolescents-in-southern-pakistan-2012-2015-the-case-for-revisiting-vaccination-strategies
#12
Sadia Shakoor, Erum Khan, Muhammad Imran Rajput, Wali Muhammad Rahimoon
AIMS: Surveillance of adult measles in Pakistan is a challenge as it does not enjoy the status of a reportable disease unlike childhood cases and therefore cases remain undetected and unreported or misdiagnosed. Consequently no data or estimates of young adult cases, seroprevalence, or estimates of susceptible preadolescent or young adult population exist. We have presented both laboratory conformed and clinically suspected cases of measles occurring in adolescents and adults in the southern province of Sindh in Pakistan...
April 25, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440892/the-effect-of-adult-early-warning-systems-education-on-nurses-knowledge-confidence-and-clinical-performance-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Mohamad M Saab, Bridie McCarthy, Tom Andrews, Eileen Savage, Frances J Drummond, Nuala Walshe, Mary Forde, Dorothy Breen, Patrick Henn, Jonathan Drennan, Josephine Hegarty
AIMS: This review aims to determine the effect of adult Early Warning Systems education on nurses' knowledge, confidence and clinical performance. BACKGROUND: Early Warning Systems support timely identification of clinical deterioration and prevention of avoidable deaths. Several educational programmes have been designed to help nurses recognise and manage deteriorating patients. Little is known as to the effectiveness of these programmes. DESIGN: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW: DATA SOURCES: Academic Search Complete, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioral Science Collection, SocINDEX and the UK & Ireland Reference Centre, EMBASE, the Turning Research Into Practice database, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and Grey Literature sources were searched between October - November 2015...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440868/improved-outcomes-after-successful-implementation-of-a-pediatric-early-warning-system-pews-in-a-resource-limited-pediatric-oncology-hospital
#14
Asya Agulnik, Lupe Nataly Mora Robles, Peter W Forbes, Doris Judith Soberanis Vasquez, Ricardo Mack, Federico Antillon-Klussmann, Monica Kleinman, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo
BACKGROUND: Hospitalized pediatric oncology patients are at high risk of clinical decline and mortality, particularly in resource-limited settings. Pediatric early warning systems (PEWS) aid in the early identification of clinical deterioration; however, there are limited data regarding their feasibility or impact in low-resource settings. This study describes the successful implementation of PEWS at the Unidad Nacional de Oncología Pediátrica (UNOP), a pediatric oncology hospital in Guatemala, resulting in improved inpatient outcomes...
April 25, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434059/early-warning-score-independently-predicts-adverse-outcome-and-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis
#15
Michael J Jones, Christopher P Neal, Wee Sing Ngu, Ashley R Dennison, Giuseppe Garcea
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the prognostic value of established scoring systems with early warning scores in a large cohort of patients with acute pancreatitis. METHODS: In patients presenting with acute pancreatitis, age, sex, American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) grade, Modified Glasgow Score, Ranson criteria, APACHE II scores and early warning score (EWS) were recorded for the first 72 h following admission. These variables were compared between survivors and non-survivors, between patients with mild/moderate and severe pancreatitis (based on the 2012 Atlanta Classification) and between patients with a favourable or adverse outcome...
April 22, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433738/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-in-ticks-in-turkey-a-broad-range-tick-surveillance-study
#16
Ömer Orkun, Zafer Karaer, Ayşe Çakmak, Serpil Nalbantoğlu
In Turkey, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) outbreaks started in northern regions in 2002. Human cases still continue to increase and the disease spreads in many other provinces of Turkey. The ecological role of the vector tick species occurring in Turkey is not certain exactly. Therefore, we planned a broad range tick study in three different ecological and geographical areas extending from the West Black Sea regions down to the Central Anatolia. The aim of this study was to determine and characterize CCHFV molecularly in feeding-ticks collected from various wild and domestic animals and from humans as well as in questing and unfed ticks...
April 19, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423109/effects-of-climatic-and-social-factors-on-dengue-incidence-in-mexican-municipalities-in-the-state-of-veracruz
#17
Grea Litai Moreno-Banda, Horacio Riojas-Rodríguez, Magali Hurtado-Díaz, Rogelio Danis-Lozano, Stephen Joel Rothenberg
Objective: To assess links between the social variables and longer-term El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) related weather conditions as they relate to the week-to-week changes in dengue incidence at a regional level. Materials and methods: We collected data from 10 municipalities of the Olmeca region in México, over a 10 year period (January 1995 to December 2005). Negative binomial models with distributed lags were adjusted to look for associations between changes in the weekly incidence rate of dengue fever and climate variability...
January 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422006/ecdc-round-table-report-and-promed-mail-most-useful-international-information-sources-for-the-netherlands-early-warning-committee
#18
Paul Bijkerk, Annelie A Monnier, Ewout B Fanoy, Katina Kardamanidis, Ingrid Hm Friesema, Mirjam J Knol
The Netherlands Early Warning Committee (NEWC) aims to identify infectious diseases causing a potential threat to Dutch public health. Threats are assessed and published as (information) alerts for public health experts. To identify threats from abroad, the NEWC screens 10 sources reporting disease outbreaks each week. To identify the sources essential for complete and timely reporting, we retrospectively analysed 178 international alerts published between 31 January 2013 and 30 January 2014. In addition, we asked the four NEWC coordinators about the required time to scan the information sources...
April 6, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421894/how-learning-analytics-can-early-predict-under-achieving-students-in-a-blended-medical-education-course
#19
Mohammed Saqr, Uno Fors, Matti Tedre
AIM: Learning analytics (LA) is an emerging discipline that aims at analyzing students' online data in order to improve the learning process and optimize learning environments. It has yet un-explored potential in the field of medical education, which can be particularly helpful in the early prediction and identification of under-achieving students. The aim of this study was to identify quantitative markers collected from students' online activities that may correlate with students' final performance and to investigate the possibility of predicting the potential risk of a student failing or dropping out of a course...
April 19, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420157/the-effects-of-pm2-5-from-asian-dust-storms-on-emergency-room-visits-for-cardiovascular-and-respiratory-diseases
#20
Ssu-Ting Liu, Chu-Yung Liao, Cheng-Yu Kuo, Hsien-Wen Kuo
A case-crossover study examined how PM2.5 from Asian Dust Storms (ADS) affects the number of emergency room (ER) admissions for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and respiratory diseases (RDs). Our data indicated that PM2.5 concentration from ADS was highly correlated with ER visits for CVDs and RDs. The odds ratios (OR) increased by 2.92 (95% CI: 1.22-5.08) and 1.86 (95% CI: 1.30-2.91) per 10 µg/m³ increase in PM2.5 levels, for CVDs and RDs, respectively. A 10 µg/m³ increase in PM2.5 from ADSs was significantly associated with an increase in ER visits for CVDs among those 65 years of age and older (an increase of 2...
April 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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