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Benign positional Positional vertigo

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301160/-pharmacotherapy-of-vestibular-disorders-nystagmus-and-cerebellar-disorders
#1
K Feil, N Böttcher, O Kremmyda, C Muth, J Teufel, A Zwergal, T Brandt, M Strupp
There are currently different groups of drugs for the pharmacotherapy of vertigo, nystagmus and cerebellar disorders: antiemetics; anti-inflammatories, antimenieres, and antimigraineous medications and antidepressants, anticonvulsants, aminopyridines as well as acetyl-DL-leucine. In acute unilateral vestibulopathy, corticosteroids improve the recovery of peripheral vestibular function, but currently there is not sufficient evidence for a general recommendation. There is insufficient evidence to support the view that 16 mg t...
January 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287036/benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-bppv-in-children-and-adolescents-clinical-features-and-response-to-therapy-in-110-pediatric-patients
#2
Jacob R Brodsky, Sophie Lipson, Jared Wilber, Guangwei Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize the clinical features and outcomes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) in the pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENTS: One hundred ten patients, aged 5 to 19 years old, diagnosed with BPPV. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patient demographics, comorbidities, canal involvement, response to treatment, and incidence of recurrence...
December 28, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282702/treatment-of-dizziness-an-interdisciplinary-update
#3
Rainer Spiegel, Heiko Rust, Thomas Baumann, Hergen Friedrich, Raoul Sutter, Martina Göldlin, Christiane Rosin, René Müri, Georgios Mantokoudis, Roland Bingisser, Michael Strupp, Roger Kalla
This review provides an update on interdisciplinary treatment for dizziness. Dizziness can have various causes and the treatment offered should depend on the cause. After reading this article, the clinician will have an overview of current treatment recommendations. Recommendations are made for the most prevalent causes of dizziness including acute and chronic vestibular syndromes, vestibular neuritis, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, endolymphatic hydrops and Menière's disease, vestibular paroxysmia and vestibular migraine, cardiac causes, transient ischaemic attacks and strokes, episodic ataxia type 2, persistent postural-perceptual dizziness, bilateral vestibulopathy, degenerative, autoimmune and neoplastic diseases, upbeat- and downbeat nystagmus...
December 28, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279721/recent-surgical-options-for-vestibular-vertigo
#4
REVIEW
Stefan Volkenstein, Stefan Dazert
Vertigo is not a well-defined disease but a symptom that can occur in heterogeneous entities diagnosed and treated mainly by otolaryngologists, neurologists, internal medicine, and primary care physicians. Most vertigo syndromes have a good prognosis and management is predominantly conservative, whereas the need for surgical therapy is rare, but for a subset of patients often the only remaining option. In this paper, we describe and discuss different surgical therapy options for hydropic inner ear diseases, Menière's disease, dehiscence syndromes, perilymph fistulas, and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo...
2017: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272984/low-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-in-postmenopausal-female-patients-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#5
Weiwei Han, Zhenyi Fan, Min Zhou, Xu Guo, Wang Yan, Xiaoxiong Lu, Li Li, Chengyao Gu, Caijing Chen, Yunqin Wu
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have reported the association of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) with vitamin D deficiency. This study aimed to evaluate serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25 (OH) D) levels in native Chinese postmenopausal women with de novo idiopathic BPPV and to investigate the possible relationship between the occurrence of BPPV and low 25 (OH) D levels. METHODS: This retrospective study comprised of 85 postmenopausal women with de novo idiopathic BPPV and 80 age-matched healthy controls...
December 22, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262443/-the-relationship-between-the-recurrence-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-and-the-level-of-bone-mineral-as-well-as-estrogen-in-postmenopausal-women
#6
Y M Zhang, Z D Yang, W X Li, C Shi, Y F Yu
Objective: To investigate the relationship between the recurrence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(BPPV) and the levels of bone mineral density(BMD) and estrogen in postmenopausal women. Methods: A total of 38 postmenopausal women with recurrent BPPV were recruited as study group, in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from December 2013 to June 2017. Meanwhile, 49 normal menopausal women were included as control. All patients were natural menopausal for over one year.The patients were diagnosed as BPPV based on results of Dix-Hallpike test and Roll-test, with at least two episodes of recurrent onset...
December 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238692/migraine-related-vertigo
#7
Vithal D Udagatti, Rajendran Dinesh Kumar
Migraine related vertigo (MRV) is largely accepted in the vestibular community and probably represents the second most common cause of vertigo after benign positional vertigo by far exceeding Meniere's disease. The data on vestibular migraine management is still relatively poor, despite its enormous importance in daily practice. A 55-year old male presented with history of giddiness, imbalance, sweating and sensation of nausea with severe pulsating headache of one day duration. Ear, Nose and Throat examination was normal...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238671/dizziness-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-sikkim-our-experience-and-limitations
#8
Soumyajit Das, Suvamoy Chakraborty, Sridutt Shekar
Dizziness is a common symptom and though most of the causes are benign yet some may be potentially life threatening. Diagnosis can be a challenge sometimes due to lack of dedicated vestibular lab and injudicious use of vestibular suppressant medications. A 2 year retrospective study of the hospital records from September 2014 to August 2016 was done to study the causes of dizziness and the limitations and challenges in the diagnosis. 75 complete records of patients presenting with dizziness were accessed and analysed...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227441/potential-risk-factors-affecting-repeated-canalith-repositioning-procedures-in-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#9
Junghee Yoon, Jong Bin Lee, Ho Yun Lee, Byung Don Lee, Chi Kyou Lee, Seong Jun Choi
OBJECTIVE: To define the risk factors and adverse effects associated with repeated canalith repositioning procedures (CRPs). STUDY DESIGN: A case series featuring chart review. SETTING: An academic university hospital. PATIENTS: We retrospectively reviewed 1900 patients (average age, 54.9 years; range, 11-88 years) diagnosed with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). All underwent repeated CRPs. We recorded clinical features including age, gender, BPPV cause (idiopathic or secondary), symptom duration, the canal involved, the number of sessions of CRP, recurrence, follow-up duration, and complications...
December 7, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208731/misleading-signs-in-acute-vertigo
#10
Sean Lance, Stuart Scott Mossman
The acute vestibular syndrome is common and usually has a benign cause. Sometimes, however, even experienced neurologists can find it difficult to determine the cause clinically. Furthermore, neuroimaging is known to be insensitive.We describe two cases of acute vestibular syndrome where conflicting clinical findings contributed to a delay in making the correct diagnosis. The first patient with symptomatic vertigo had signs consistent with horizontal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo but also had an abnormal horizontal head impulse test, superficially suggesting acute vestibular neuritis but later accounted for by the finding of a vestibular schwannoma (acoustic neuroma)...
December 5, 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207275/clinical-features-of-otolith-organ-specific-vestibular-dysfunction
#11
Chisato Fujimoto, Sayaka Suzuki, Makoto Kinoshita, Naoya Egami, Keiko Sugasawa, Shinichi Iwasaki
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the clinical features and vestibular symptoms of patients with otolith organ dysfunction in the presence of normal function of the semicircular canals. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical records of 277 consecutive new patients with balance disorders who underwent testing of cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs and oVEMPs) as well as caloric testing and video head impulse testing (vHIT). RESULTS: We identified 76 patients who showed normal caloric responses and normal vHIT findings in each SCC plane, but abnormal responses in cVEMP and/or oVEMP testing...
January 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205326/clinical-features-familial-history-and-migraine-precursors-in-patients-with-definite-vestibular-migraine-the-vm-phenotypes-projects
#12
Roberto Teggi, Bruno Colombo, Roberto Albera, Giacinto Asprella Libonati, Cristiano Balzanelli, Angel Batuecas Caletrio, Augusto Casani, Juan Manuel Espinoza-Sanchez, Paolo Gamba, Jose A Lopez-Escamez, Sergio Lucisano, Marco Mandalà, Giampiero Neri, Daniele Nuti, Rudy Pecci, Antonio Russo, Eduardo Martin-Sanz, Ricardo Sanz, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Paola Torelli, Paolo Vannucchi, Giancarlo Comi, Mario Bussi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to assess through a questionnaire the features of vertiginous episodes, accompanying symptoms, familial history, and migraine precursors in a sample of 252 subjects with a diagnosis of definite vestibular migraine. BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common neurological disorder characterized by episodic headaches with specific features. About two-thirds of cases run in families, and patients may refer symptoms occurring in infancy and childhood, defined as episodic syndromes that may be associated with migraine...
December 4, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197811/physical-examination-of-dizziness-in-athletes-after-a-concussion-a-descriptive-study
#13
Jennifer C Reneker, Vinay K Cheruvu, Jingzhen Yang, Mark A James, Chad E Cook
BACKGROUND: Dizziness is commonly reported after concussion. With the forces experienced at the time of the injury, several anatomical locations may have been altered, causing dizziness. OBJECTIVE: Describe an objective examination and the types of impairment/dysfunction implicated by the results of clinical examination tests in subjects with dizziness after a concussion. DESIGN: Cross-Sectional. METHODS: Athletes between ages 10-23 were enrolled with a diagnosis of concussion...
November 26, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177633/osteoporosis-is-associated-with-increased-risk-for-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#14
Kai-Chieh Chan, Yao-Te Tsai, Yao-Hsu Yang, Pau-Chung Chen, Po-Hung Chang
Recent evidence has indicated that osteoporosis is a risk factor for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This large population-based study demonstrated that patients with osteoporosis had a 1.82-fold higher risk of developing BPPV than those without osteoporosis through the use of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. PURPOSE: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is one of the most frequent causes of vertigo. Osteoporosis reflects a homeostatic imbalance in the rate of bone turnover, with the rate of bone resorption exceeding that of bone formation...
November 25, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169953/total-caloric-eye-speed-in-patients-with-vestibular-migraine
#15
Adam Thompson-Harvey, Anthony A Mikulec
PURPOSE: Vestibular migraine is a common cause of dizziness that lacks a known objective test. This study examined total eye speed on caloric testing as a diagnostic marker for vestibular migraine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients seen in a tertiary otologic practice between 2004 and 2016 who had undergone caloric testing with water irrigation and had a diagnosis of vestibular migraine (n=34). A group of patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (n=10) were used as a control group...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169952/development-and-face-validation-of-a-virtual-reality-epley-maneuver-system-vrems-for-home-epley-treatment-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Reza Tabanfar, Harley H L Chan, Vincent Lin, Trung Le, Jonathan C Irish
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a smartphone based Virtual Reality Epley Maneuver System (VREMS) for home use. METHODS: A smartphone application was designed to produce stereoscopic views of a Virtual Reality (VR) environment, which when viewed after placing a smartphone in a virtual reality headset, allowed the user to be guided step-by-step through the Epley maneuver in a VR environment. Twenty healthy participants were recruited and randomized to undergo either assisted Epleys or self-administered Epleys following reading instructions from an Instructional Handout (IH)...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165309/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-dizziness-after-motor-vehicle-accident
#17
Min Bum Kim, Suk Won Chang, Gil Chai Lim, Chan Il Song
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical characteristics of dizziness occurring after a motor vehicle accident. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 217 patients who had visited a tertiary medical center complaining of dizziness after a motor vehicle accident between January 2009 and December 2014. Of the 217 patients, we enrolled 54 patients who had undergone a vestibular function test and had no definite evidence of fracture of the temporal bone or intracranial lesions...
November 21, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093067/practice-guideline-cervical-and-ocular-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential-testing-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology
#18
Terry D Fife, James G Colebatch, Kevin A Kerber, Krister Brantberg, Michael Strupp, Hyung Lee, Mark F Walker, Eric Ashman, Jeffrey Fletcher, Brian Callaghan, David S Gloss
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence and make recommendations with regard to diagnostic utility of cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP and oVEMP, respectively). Four questions were asked: Does cVEMP accurately identify superior canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS)? Does oVEMP accurately identify SCDS? For suspected vestibular symptoms, does cVEMP/oVEMP accurately identify vestibular dysfunction related to the saccule/utricle? For vestibular symptoms, does cVEMP/oVEMP accurately and substantively aid diagnosis of any specific vestibular disorder besides SCDS? METHODS: The guideline panel identified and classified relevant published studies (January 1980-December 2016) according to the 2004 American Academy of Neurology process...
November 1, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067628/two-year-follow-up-of-fall-prediction-among-older-adults-in-an-independent-living-community
#19
Oz Zur, Yitshal Berner, Yair Ohel, Eli Carmeli
Adults over the age of 70 are at risk of falls. Early detection of risk of falls can suggest early interventions. In this study, we attempted to determine valid clinical tests that can differentiate older individuals who are at risk of falling. Older adults from an independent-living community volunteered to participate in this descriptive, cohort study. They were administered the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Zur Balance Scale (ZBS); Head Shaking Nystagmus Head Impulse Test, Dynamic Visual Acuity, and the Hallpike maneuver for evaluating benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV); a questionnaire including sociodemographics and a health characteristics survey...
October 25, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065085/resolution-of-persistent-post-stapedotomy-vertigo-with-migraine-prophylactic-medication
#20
Omid Moshtaghi, Hossein Mahboubi, Yarah M Haidar, Ronald Sahyouni, Harrison W Lin, Hamid R Djalilian
OBJECTIVE: To describe persistent post-stapedotomy vertigo (PSV) and its treatment using migraine prophylaxis. PATIENTS: A retrospective review of all patients with persistent PSV spanning 10 years at a tertiary academic hospital was performed. Patients who experienced persistent vertigo for a minimum of 3 months after surgery were included. Those with possible perilymph fistula, long prosthesis, and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo were excluded. INTERVENTIONS: All patients received instructions on migraine dietary and lifestyle changes and Vitamin B2 and magnesium...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
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