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Positional Vertigo

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442812/ramsay-hunt-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#1
Mrinal Gupta
Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) is a rare, severe complication of varicella-zoster virus reactivation in the geniculate ganglion, characterized by hearing loss, pain, and vesicles in the ear or mouth along with ipsilateral facial palsy. Although it is rare, it is more commonly found with immunodeficiency conditions. We report a case of a 35-year-old human immunodeficiency virus positive male, having CD4+ count of 336/μl, who presented with RHS and had vertigo, painful vesicular eruptions on the right ear and unilateral sensorineural hearing loss...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441807/-the-change-of-female-progesterone-level-and-blood-calcium-concentration-in-perimenopausal-women-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#2
S F Wang, L Zhang, G H Li, W W Zhang, Y P Wang, B Geng
Objective: The estrogen level and blood calcium concentration changes were studied on menopausal women with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Methods: Between January 2015 and January 2016, 70 menopause women with BPPV in outpatient clinics of Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Inner Mongolia Medical University Affiliated Hospital were included in this study as research group, while 30 menopause healthy women who came to hospital for check-up were included as control group. Serum levels of estradiol (E2), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), progesterone (PRO), testosterone (T), serum prolactin (PRL) and the calcium concentration were analysed and comparied between research group and control group...
April 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436631/-video-head-impulse-test-for-evaluation-of-vestibular-function-in-patients-with-vestibular-neuritis-and-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#3
Qiongfeng Guan, Lisan Zhang, Wenke Hong, Yi Yang, Zhaoying Chen, Dan Zhang, Xingyue Hu
Objective: To assess the clinical application of video head impulse test (vHIT) for vestibular function in vestibular neuritis (VN) and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) patients. Methods: Thirty-three patients with VN and 43 patients with BPPV were enrolled from Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital and Ningbo Second Hospital from March 15 to September 10, 2015; and 50 healthy controls were also enrolled in the study. vHIT was used to quantitatively test the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gains of a pair of horizontal semicircular canals...
January 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429295/idiopathic-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-in-the-elderly-a-long-term-follow-up-study
#4
Seong-Chul Yeo, Seong-Ki Ahn, Ho Joong Lee, Hyun-Jin Cho, Sang-Wook Kim, Seung Hoon Woo, Sea-Yuong Jeon, Yeon-Hee Joo, Dong Gu Hur, Jung Je Park
BACKGROUND: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of peripheral-type vertigo in the elderly. While some studies have investigated BPPV among the elderly, no study has focused on the isolated idiopathic BPPV (iBPPV) in the elderly. AIMS: To investigate the clinical features and recurrence rate in elderly patients diagnosed with iBPPV. METHODS: The authors prospectively reviewed the medical records of 627 patients diagnosed with BPPV, and a total of 370 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
April 20, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427689/demographic-and-clinical-profile-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-kashmir-a-short-report
#5
Insha Zahoor, Ravouf Asimi, Ehtishamul Haq, Irfan Yousuf Wani
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune and inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). There have been only few population/hospital based studies on MS in India, and at the same time there is no data on its profile in Kashmir. METHODS: A total of 41 MS patients diagnosed on the basis of 2010 Revised Mc Donald criteria were enrolled in this study from Kashmir region of India. Clinical, demographic, radiological and biochemical parameters were analyzed for most of the patients...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416082/final-diagnosis-of-patients-with-clinically-suspected-vestibular-neuritis-showing-normal-caloric-response
#6
Sung Hwan Ahn, Jung Eun Shin, Chang-Hee Kim
Vestibular neuritis is one of the most common peripheral causes of acute vestibular syndrome, of which the diagnosis is generally based on a comprehensive interpretation of clinical and laboratory findings following reasonable exclusion of other disorders. This study aimed to investigate the final diagnosis of patients admitted to hospital under the clinical impression of vestibular neuritis who showed no unilateral caloric paresis. Forty-five patients who visited the emergency department with isolated acute spontaneous vertigo were included...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396619/the-complete-mitogenome-of-orcula-dolium-draparnaud-1801-ultra-deep-sequencing-from-a-single-long-range-pcr-using-the-ion-torrent-pgm
#7
D S J Groenenberg, J Harl, E Duijm, E Gittenberger
BACKGROUND: With the increasing capacity of present-day next-generation sequencers the field of mitogenomics is rapidly changing. Enrichment of the mitochondrial fraction, is no longer necessary for obtaining mitogenomic data. Despite the benefits, shotgun sequencing approaches also have disadvantages. They do not guarantee obtaining the complete mitogenome, generally require larger amounts of input DNA and coverage is low compared to sequencing with enrichment strategies. If the mitogenome could be amplified in a single amplification, additional time and costs for sample preparation might outweigh these disadvantages...
2017: Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395488/-intensive-reading-of-the-guidelines-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-meniere-disease-and-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#8
W J Kong, B Liu, Y M Leng, S L Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395487/-guideline-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-2017
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395429/-formulation-and-evaluation-of-diagnostic-questionnaire-for-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#10
L Li, J G Liu, Z W Wang, X K Qi
Objective: To formulate and evaluate a rapid assessment questionnaire for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(BPPV). Methods: The rapid assessment questionnaire for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo was developed based on the core clinical manifestations of BPPV.A total of 235 dizzy patients, with an average age of 56±16, were recruited from the Navy General Hospital during October 2015 to March 2016.The assessments were made by two specialists for BPPV, and the diagnoses were confirmed through follow-up...
April 11, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395428/-misdiagnosis-and-associated-costs-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#11
S X Qian, F Li, J H Zhuang, Y Chen, H L Yang, X W Zhou, H H Gu, B Gao
Objective: The aims of this study were to investigate the misdiagnosis of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and to estimate the associated costs. Methods: During October 2015 to December 2015, eighty patients were diagnosed with BPPV in the outpatient dizziness clinic of Shanghai Changzheng Hospital and the clinical data of all the 80 patients were collected including the demographic and clinical characteristics, the history of diagnosis, inappropriate diagnostic tests, costs of the medical tests, transportation and accommodation...
April 11, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395427/-etiological-analysis-on-patients-in-department-of-vertigo-and-dizziness-oriented-outpatient
#12
F Li, X G Wang, J H Zhuang, Y Chen, X W Zhou, B Gao, H H Gu
Objective: We aimed to explore the spectrum of causes for patients in department of vertigo and dizziness oriented outpatient, in order to provide a reference for diagnosis and treatment of patients with vertigo or dizziness. Methods: Retrospective analysis were carried out with clinical data of patients in our department of vertigo and dizziness oriented outpatient. The target group under study was diagnosed based on the uniform diagnostic criteria, and re-visiting patients were excluded. Results: This clinical study was conducted on 5 348 cases, who visited our vertigo and dizziness oriented outpatient from December 2012 to July 2015...
April 11, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392043/the-impact-of-diabetes-on-mobility-balance-and-recovery-after-repositioning-maneuvers-in-individuals-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#13
Linda J D'Silva, Susan L Whitney, Marcio Santos, Hongying Dai, Patricia M Kluding
AIM: The prevalence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is higher in people with type 2 diabetes (DM). The impact of DM on mobility, balance, and management of BPPV is unknown. This prospective study compared symptom severity, mobility and balance before and after the canalith repositioning maneuver (CRM) in people with posterior canal BPPV canalithiasis, with and without DM. METHODS: Fifty participants, BPPV (n=34) and BPPV+DM (n=16) were examined for symptom severity (dizziness handicap inventory, DHI), mobility (functional gait assessment, FGA), and postural sway (using an accelerometer in five conditions) before and after the CRM...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390809/magnetic-resonance-imaging-predicts-chronic-dizziness-after-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#14
Wang Woon Cha, Kudamo Song, In Kyu Yu, Myoung Su Choi, Dong Sik Chang, Chin-Saeng Cho, Ho Yun Lee
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the clinical implications of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). METHODS: A total of 120 patients diagnosed with BPPV completed MRI at the emergency room between December 2012 and June 2015 and met our criteria for inclusion in this study. Epidemiologic characteristics, the results of audio-vestibular testing, and MRI findings were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The most common findings were white matter hyperintensities (70...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386807/acute-human-herpes-virus-7-hhv-7-encephalitis-in-an-immunocompetent-adult-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
Nicoletta Riva, Iacopo Franconi, Marianna Meschiari, Erica Franceschini, Cinzia Puzzolante, Gianluca Cuomo, Alessandro Bianchi, Francesca Cavalleri, Maurilio Genovese, Cristina Mussini
We report a case of an acute HHV-7 encephalitis involving the nucleus of the VI cranial nerve in an immunocompetent host. The patient was an adult male admitted to our Clinic with headache, diplopia, fever, nausea, vertigo, asthenia and general malaise. PCR for viral and bacterial genomes was run on both serum and cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) after performing lumbar puncture, resulting positive only for HHV-7 DNA on CSF. MRI showed hyperintensity in FLAIR signal in the dorsal pons, in the area of the VI cranial nerve nucleus...
April 6, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385058/postural-sway-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-and-concurrent-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#16
Linda D'Silva, Patricia M Kluding, Susan L Whitney, Hongying Dai, Marcio Santos
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Diabetes has been shown to affect the peripheral vestibular end organs and is associated with an increase in the frequency of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). People with diabetes have higher postural sway; however, the impact of symptomatic BPPV on postural sway in individuals with diabetes is unclear. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine postural sway in people with type 2 diabetes who have symptomatic, untreated BPPV (BPPVDM)...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382130/surgical-treatment-for-recurrent-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#17
Gonzalo Corvera Behar, Miguel Alfredo García de la Cruz
Introduction Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a generally benign condition that responds to repositioning maneuvers and frequently resolves spontaneously. However, for some patients it can become a disabling condition in which surgery must be considered. Two different surgical techniques exist, singular neurectomy and posterior semicircular canal occlusion. Objective The objective of this study is to review the current status of singular nerve section and posterior semicircular canal occlusion as treatments for intractable benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, and to determine if there are published data available that favors one over the other...
April 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375910/dizziness-in-the-outpatient-care-setting
#18
Terry D Fife
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article summarizes an approach to evaluating dizziness for the general neurologist and reviews common and important causes of dizziness and vertigo. RECENT FINDINGS: Improved methods of diagnosing patients with vertigo and dizziness have been evolving, including additional diagnostic criteria and characterization of some common conditions that cause dizziness (eg, vestibular migraine, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, chronic subjective dizziness)...
April 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285826/the-clinical-manifestations-of-vestibular-migraine-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Ashley P O'Connell Ferster, Adrian J Priesol, Huseyin Isildak
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of vestibular migraines presentation, pathology, and diagnosis, as well as an update on current diagnostic criteria. METHODS: A review of the most recent literature on vestibular migraines was performed. RESULTS: Vestibular migraine is a process with significant impact on the quality of life for those afflicted with the disease, with attacks of spontaneous or positional vertigo and migraine symptoms lasting several minutes to 72h...
March 9, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282709/analysis-of-saccular-function-with-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential-test-in-meniere-s-disease
#20
Sasan Dabiri, Nasrin Yazdani, Mahdis Esfahani, Niloufar Tari, Susan Adil, Zahra Mahvi, Nima Rezazadeh
Meniere's disease is the disorder of inner ear characterized by vertigo, tinnitus and sensorineural hearing loss. The vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) test could be useful in the analysis of saccular function, and diagnosis of Meniere's disease. In this study, we've analyzed the saccular function, using VEMP test in different groups of Meniere's disease. Patients were categorized as possible, probable or definite Meniere's disease groups according to the guideline of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery...
February 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
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