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Positional Vertigo

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784241/fracture-probability-assessed-using-frax-%C3%A2-in-elderly-women-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#1
Takafumi Nakada, Masaaki Teranishi, Yukio Ueda, Michihiko Sone
OBJECTIVE: Patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) can have vitamin D deficiency, which is a cause of abnormal bone turnover. Several studies have established a relationship between osteoporosis and BPPV. The World Health Organization Fracture Risk Assessment Tool, widely known as FRAX® (http://www.shef.ac.uk/FRAX), is a computer-based algorithm for assessing fracture risk. No direct comparison has been made between the FRAX scores of patients with BPPV and controls...
May 18, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775029/-multi-canal-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-combined-anterior-canal
#2
H Q Yan, H Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771041/-analysis-of-118-cases-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-after-trauma
#3
H L Xue, C X Li, L X Duan, Y L Jing
Objective: The aim of this study is to retrospective analysis the clinic features of 118 cases of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo after trauma. Method: Analyzes clinic features of injury in 118 cases of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo after trauma, and classified and localized the craniocerebral trauma. The 118 cases were tested with different positioning tests in the sequence of Dix hallpike test and rolling test. Then, proper otolith manual reduction was given. Result: In 118 cases of BPPV after trauma including 35 cases of skull fracture, 6 cases of concussion, 17 cases of scalp hematoma, 28 cases of scalp laceration, 14 cases of mild brain contusion and 18 cases of head combined injury...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757558/-clinical-features-of-the-recurrence-of-idiopathic-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#4
Yong Sheng Tian, Shu Zhen Wang, Ying Liu, Dan Wang, Liang Rong Guo
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of the recurrence of idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(IBPPV)patients. Method: Patients with IBPPV were enrolled and were followed-up for 36 months after being well controlled.The data of the patients including age,gender,and co-morbidities(hypertension,diabetes,hyperlipidemia)were analyzed.Characteristics of the patients with recurrent BPPV were compared with those without recurrence. Result: Two hundred and one patients were enrolled and twenty-two(10...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757553/-the-manifestation-of-videonystamography-in-the-patients-with-posterior-circulation-ischemia-vertigo
#5
Hao Wei Wang, Ying Guo, Jing Zhou, Hui Fang Zhou
Objective: To investigate the changes of vedionystamography(VNG)in patients with posterior circulation ischemia vertigo(PCIV). Method: Fifty patients who complained of vertigo and imbalance with PCI were selected as experimental group for testing of visual nystamography(VNG).Thirty normal subjects were chosen as control group.The result was analyzed. Result: The results of VNG in PCIV group and the control group were compared.The abnormal ratio were as follows:(4%,0; P >0.05)for Spontaneous nystagmus,(68%,10%; P <0...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748450/concurrent-eng-and-vng-recording-in-healthy-people-preliminary-report
#6
Marzena Bielińska, Anna Polaczkiewicz, Piotr Pietkiewicz, Jarosław Miłoński, Jurek Olszewski
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate concurrent recording of ENG and VNG measurements in selected diagnostic tests in healthy subjects so as to explore potential sensitivity and applicability of this kind of testing in the diagnostics of vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out in 50 healthy subjects including 24 women and 26 men aged 20-22 (mean age of 20.5 years) reporting no otorhinolaryngological organ-related complaints and no history of any balance disorders or vertigo...
April 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747309/-etiological-analysis-on-patients-with-vertigo-or-dizziness
#7
H Xue, Y Chong, Z D Jiang, Z L Liu, L Ding, S L Yang, L Wang, W P Xiang
Objective: To explore the spectrum of causes for patients with vertigo or dizziness in the Department of Neurology, and provide a reference for diagnosis and treatment of patients with vertigo or dizziness. Methods: Clinical data of patients in the Department of Neurology, Baotou Central Hospital between January 2016 and September 2017 was retrospectively analyzed. The target group under study was diagnosed based on the uniform diagnostic criteria. Results: A total of 9 200 patients with a chief complaint of vertigo or dizziness were included...
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747308/-relationship-between-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-and-idiopathic-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-in-female-patients
#8
Y Q Wu, X X Lu, Z Y Fan, M Zhou, L Li, W Yan, C Y Gu, C J Chen, W W Han
Objective: To investigate the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D[25(OH) D] levels and idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) in female patients. Methods: A total of 67 women diagnosed with idiopathic BPPV were selected as the study group between January and December 2016 in Ningbo No.2 Hospital, and 95 healthy women without a history of vertigo or dizziness were selected as the control group. The data of height, weight, histories of hypertension and diabetes mellitus were collected, and serum 25(OH) D levels were measured...
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747302/-to-standardize-the-clinical-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#9
Z D Jiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734943/low-mood-visual-hallucinations-and-falls-heralding-the-onset-of-rapidly-progressive-probable-sporadic-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-in-a-73-year-old-a-case-report
#10
Daniel Martin Klotz, Rose Sarah Penfold
BACKGROUND: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a rare and rapidly fatal neurodegenerative disease. Since clinicians may see only very few cases during their professional career, it is important to be familiar with the clinical presentation and progression, to perform appropriate investigations, and allow for quick diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old British Caucasian woman presented with acute confusion of 2 weeks' duration on a background of low mood following a recent bereavement...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732909/treatment-of-patients-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-and-severe-immobility-using-the-particle-repositioning-chair-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Alexander L Luryi, Juliana Lawrence, Michael LaRouere, Seilesh Babu, Dennis I Bojrab, John Zappia, Eric W Sargent, Christopher A Schutt
OBJECTIVE: To report treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) in patients unable to undergo traditional canalith repositioning maneuvers (CRMs) using a particle repositioning chair (PRC). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted at a single high-volume otology practice of patients diagnosed with BPPV from 2007 to 2017 with immobility prohibiting use of traditional CRMs. Patients were diagnosed and treated using a PRC, and outcome measures including resolution, recurrence, and number of treatment visits were recorded...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703169/case-series-of-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-in-a-third-level-hospital-in-quito
#12
Germaine Eleanor Torres Herrán, Andrés Damián Ortega Herrera, Braulio Martinez Burbano, Marcos Serrano-Dueñas, María Angélica Ortiz Yepez, Raúl Alberto Barrera Madera, Luis Alfredo Masabanda Campaña, Guillermo David Baño Jiménez, Denny Maritza Santos Saltos, Edgar Patricio Correa Díaz
BACKGROUND: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a rare and fatal neurodegenerative disorder that affects mammals and humans. The prevalence of this disease in the United States is 0.5 to 1 per million inhabitants. So far in Ecuador, we do not know what the prevalence or incidence is, and only one case report has been written. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case series of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in a third-level hospital in Quito. The average age of symptom onset in our patients was 58...
April 27, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697583/the-necessity-for-post-maneuver-restrictions-in-the-treatment-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#13
Christina Cromwell, Jordan Tyler, Rachael Nobbs, Adam Hockaday, Sean Donnelly, Richard Clendaniel
OBJECTIVE: Many studies have published conflicting results regarding the necessity of post-maneuver postural restrictions following treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). The purpose of this meta-analysis is to complete an updated, comprehensive review to determine best practice following a repositioning maneuver (RM). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, and Embase were searched through July 2016. The reference lists of the selected studies were searched for studies that were not identified in the electronic database searches...
April 24, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687165/mechanism-underlying-the-effects-of-estrogen-deficiency-on-otoconia
#14
Liping Yang, Yinfang Xu, Yan Zhang, Sarath Vijayakumar, Sherri M Jones, Yunxia Yesha Wang Lundberg
Otoconia-related vertigo and balance deficits, particularly benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), are common. Our recent studies in humans show that, while BPPV prevalence greatly increases with age in both genders, peri-menopausal women are especially susceptible. In the present study, we show that bilateral ovariectomized (OVX) mice have significant balance behavioral deficits, and that estrogen deficiency compromises otoconia maintenance and anchoring by reducing the expression of otoconial component and anchoring proteins...
April 23, 2018: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685082/peripheral-vestibular-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-with-concussion
#15
Jacob R Brodsky, Talia N Shoshany, Sophie Lipson, Guangwei Zhou
Objective To review peripheral vestibular disorders in pediatric patients with dizziness following concussion. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Pediatric vestibular clinic and pediatric multidisciplinary concussion clinic at a tertiary level pediatric hospital. Subjects and Methods We retrospectively reviewed 109 patients seen for dizziness following a concussion between September 2012 and July 2015. Patients were ≤20 years of age at the time of concussion. Incidences of specific peripheral vestibular disorders were assessed along with timing of diagnosis relative to the date of injury, diagnostic test findings, and treatment interventions associated with those diagnoses...
April 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666711/creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-presenting-as-expressive-aphasia-and-nonconvulsive-status-epilepticus
#16
Hafiz B Mahboob, Kazi H Kaokaf, Jeremy M Gonda
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), the most common form of human prion diseases, is a fatal condition with a mortality rate reaching 85% within one year of clinical presentation. CJD is characterized by rapidly progressive neurological deterioration in combination with typical electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and positive cerebrospinal spinal fluid (CSF) analysis for 14-3-3 proteins. Unfortunately, CJD can have atypical clinical and radiological presentation in approximately 10% of cases, thus making the diagnosis often challenging...
2018: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664869/vestibular-manifestations-in-subjects-with-enlarged-vestibular-aqueduct
#17
Jae-Jin Song, Sung Kwang Hong, Sang Yeon Lee, Sung Joon Park, Seong Il Kang, Yong-Hwi An, Jeong Hun Jang, Ji Soo Kim, Ja-Won Koo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of a thorough evaluation in a large series of patients with an enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA), focusing on vestibular manifestations with etiological considerations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of patients with EVA. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: A total of 22 EVA patients with a median age of 8 years (6 mo-35 yr) who underwent both audiovestibular and radiologic examinations...
April 16, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663119/multicenter-data-banking-in-management-of-dizzy-patients-first-results-from-the-dizzynet-registry-project
#18
Eva Grill, Gülden Akdal, Sandra Becker-Bense, Steffen Hübinger, Doreen Huppert, Erna Kentala, Ralf Strobl, Andreas Zwergal, Nese Celebisoy
PURPOSE: Comprehensive phenotypical data across countries is needed to understand the determinants, prognosis and consequences of vestibular disease. The registry is a data repository for the members of the European DizzyNet. We report results from a pilot study using data from Turkey and Germany. METHODS: The pilot study included a convenience sample of patients aged 18 or above referred to Ege University Medical School Hospital, Dokuz Eylül University Hospital, Izmir, Turkey, and the German Center for German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders, University on Munich, Germany, with symptoms of vertigo or dizziness...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658983/subclinical-vestibular-dysfunction-in-migraineurs-without-vertigo-a-clinical-study
#19
L Bernetti, C Pellegrino, I Corbelli, S Caproni, P Eusebi, M Faralli, G Ricci, P Calabresi, P Sarchielli
OBJECTIVES: This observational study aimed to investigate the presence of potential vestibular system subclinical dysfunction among migraineurs without a history of vertigo and dizziness compared with healthy controls. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with episodic migraine with and without aura were enrolled. All patients and healthy controls underwent vestibular examination using the following conventional tests: sitting position, Pagnini-McClure's, Dix-Hallpike's, head hanging, video head impulse, subjective visual vertical, Romberg, Fukuda, and caloric vestibular stimulation by Fitzgerald-Hallpike's tests...
April 16, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649052/recurrence-in-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-large-single-institution-study
#20
Alexander L Luryi, Juliana Lawrence, Dennis I Bojrab, Michael LaRouere, Seilesh Babu, John Zappia, Eric W Sargent, Eleanor Chan, Ilka Naumann, Robert S Hong, Christopher A Schutt
OBJECTIVE: To report rates of recurrence in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and associated patient and disease factors. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Single high-volume otology practice. PATIENTS: Patients diagnosed with BPPV from 2007 to 2016 with documented resolution of symptoms. INTERVENTION: Diagnostic and particle repositioning maneuvers for BPPV. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: BPPV recurrence, time to recurrence, and ear(s) affected at recurrence...
April 11, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
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