Read by QxMD icon Read


Yujia Zhou, Han Zhang, Lichi Zhang, Xiaohuan Cao, Ru Yang, Qianjin Feng, Pew-Thian Yap, Dinggang Shen
Population studies of brain function with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) rely on accurate intersubject registration of functional areas. This is typically achieved through registration using high-resolution structural images with more spatial details and better tissue contrast. However, accumulating evidence has suggested that such strategy cannot align functional regions well because functional areas are not necessarily consistent with anatomical structures. To alleviate this problem, a number of registration algorithms based directly on rs-fMRI data have been developed, most of which utilize functional connectivity (FC) features for registration...
March 5, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
Jonathan Rubin, Cristhian Potes, Minnan Xu-Wilson, Junzi Dong, Asif Rahman, Hiep Nguyen, David Moromisato
BACKGROUND: Early deterioration indicators have the potential to alert hospital care staff in advance of adverse events, such as patients requiring an increased level of care, or the need for rapid response teams to be called. Our work focuses on the problem of predicting the transfer of pediatric patients from the general ward of a hospital to the pediatric intensive care unit. OBJECTIVES: The development of a data-driven pediatric early deterioration indicator for use by clinicians with the purpose of predicting encounters where transfer from the general ward to the PICU is likely...
April 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Karin Windahl, Gerd Faxén Irving, Tora Almquist, Maarit Korkeila Lidén, Moniek van de Luijtgaarden, Nicholas C Chesnaye, Pauline Voskamp, Peter Stenvinkel, Marian Klinger, Maciej Szymczak, Claudia Torino, Maurizio Postorini, Christiane Drechsler, Fergus J Caskey, Christoph Wanner, Friedo W Dekker, Kitty J Jager, Marie Evans
OBJECTIVES: Prevalence and risk factors for protein-energy wasting (PEW) are poorly studied in the nondialysis, older population with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of PEW in advanced stage CKD patients aged greater than 65 years. Furthermore, we aimed to describe risk factors for PEW in the overall study population and among obese individuals. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. METHODS: The EQUAL study, a European Quality Study on treatment in advanced chronic kidney disease, is a multicenter prospective observational cohort study in six European countries...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Claus Sixtus Jensen, Pia Bonde Nielsen, Hanne Vebert Olesen, Hans Kirkegaard, Hanne Aagaard
PURPOSE: Pediatric early warning score (PEWS) systems are used to monitor pediatric patients' vital signs and facilitate the treatment of patients at risk of deteriorating. The aim of this study was to gain knowledge about nurses' experiences with PEWS and to highlight factors facilitating and impeding the use of PEWS tools in clinical practice. DESIGN AND METHODS: An exploratory qualitative design was chosen using focus group interviews to gain a deeper understanding of nurses' experiences with PEWS...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Natasha Weatherspoon-Griffin, Michael A Picker, Krystle L Pew, Hiromichi S Park, Daren Ginete, Monika M Karney, Pashtana Usufzy, Maria I Castellanos, Juan Carlos Duhart, Dustin J Harrison, Jillian N Socea, Alexander D Karabachev, Christopher T Hensley, Amber J Howerton, Rosa Ojeda-Daulo, Joy A Immak, Helen J Wing
Transcriptional silencing and anti-silencing mechanisms modulate bacterial physiology and virulence in many human pathogens. In Shigella species, many virulence plasmid genes are silenced by the histone-like nucleoid structuring protein H-NS and anti-silenced by the virulence gene regulator VirB. Despite the key role that these regulatory proteins play in Shigella virulence, their mechanisms of transcriptional control remain poorly understood. Here, we characterize the regulatory elements and their relative spacing requirements needed for the transcriptional silencing and anti-silencing of icsP, a locus that requires remotely located regulatory elements for both types of transcriptional control...
February 17, 2018: Molecular Microbiology
Chun-Hsien Li, Yi-Ling Bai, Yu-Chie Chen
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a pathogen, which can generate Shiga-like toxins (SLTs) and cause hemolytic-uremic syndrome. Foodborne illness outbreaks caused by E. coli O157:H7 have become a global issue. Since SLTs are quite toxic, effective medicines that can reduce the damage caused by SLTs should be explored. SLTs consist of a single A and five B subunits, which can inhibit ribosome activity for protein synthesis and bind with the cell membrane of host cells, respectively. Pigeon ovalbumin (POA), i.e. a glycoprotein, is abundant in pigeon egg white (PEW) proteins...
February 15, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Xiu-Mei Sun, Guang-Qiang Chen, Hua-Wei Huang, Xuan He, Yan-Lin Yang, Zhong-Hua Shi, Ming Xu, Jian-Xin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Accurate measurement of esophageal pressure (Pes) depends on proper filling of the balloon. Esophageal wall elastance (Ees) may also influence the measurement. We examined the estimation of balloon-surrounding elastance in a bench model and investigated a simplified calibrating procedure of Pes in a balloon with relatively small volume. METHODS: The Cooper balloon catheter (geometric volume of 2.8 ml) was used in the present study. The balloon was progressively inflated in different gas-tight glass chambers with different inner volumes...
February 14, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
Lichi Zhang, Han Zhang, Xiaobo Chen, Qian Wang, Pew-Thian Yap, Dinggang Shen
It has been recently demonstrated that the local BOLD signals in resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) can be captured for the white matter (WM) by functional correlation tensors (FCTs). FCTs provide similar orientation information as diffusion tensors (DTs), and also functional information concerning brain dynamics. However, FCTs are susceptible to noise due to the low signal-to-noise ratio nature of WM BOLD signals. Here we introduce a robust FCT estimation method to facilitate individualized diagnosis. First, we develop a noise-tolerating patch-based approach to measure spatiotemporal correlations of local BOLD signals...
September 2017: Patch-Based Techniques in Medical Imaging: Third International Workshop, Patch-MI 2017, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2017, Quebec City, QC, Canada, September 14, 2017, Proceedings
Kim-Han Thung, Pew-Thian Yap, Ehsan Adeli, Seong-Whan Lee, Dinggang Shen
In this paper, we aim to predict conversion and time-to-conversion of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients using multi-modal neuroimaging data and clinical data, via cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. However, such data are often heterogeneous, high-dimensional, noisy, and incomplete. We thus propose a framework that includes sparse feature selection, low-rank affinity pursuit denoising (LRAD), and low-rank matrix completion (LRMC) in this study. Specifically, we first use sparse linear regressions to remove unrelated features...
January 31, 2018: Medical Image Analysis
Anna Katkov, Inna Sinuani, Ada Azar, Gregory Shapiro, Shai Efrati, Ilia Beberashvili
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Increased age is strongly associated with anorexia and protein-energy wasting (PEW) in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) population. We hypothesized that the association of obestatin, a recently discovered anorexigenic gut hormone, with appetite and nutritional status differs by age groups. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study on 261MHD patients. Obestatin, acyl-ghrelin, markers of inflammation (CRP, IL-6, TNF-α) and nutrition (self-reported appetite, dietary intake, biochemical nutritional parameters, and body composition) were measured...
January 23, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Almudena Pérez Torres, María Elena González García, Ana María López Sobaler, Rafael Jesús Sánchez Villanueva, Rafael Selgas Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: Diet is one of the pillars of the treatment for patients with chronic kidney disease without dialysis (NDD-CKD). Despite this, very few studies have evaluated the diet in Spanish population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diet of a group of patients with advanced CKD, comparing it with the recommendations, and its relation with nutritional status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 74 patients (39 men), with a mean age of 70...
October 27, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Xingqun Yan, Xin Yang, Xishao Xie, Shilong Xiang, Xiaohui Zhang, Zhangfei Shou, Jianghua Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The presence of protein-energy wasting (PEW) among dialysis patients is a crucial risk factor for outcomes. The complicated pathogenesis of PEW makes it difficult to assess and treat. This single-center retrospective study focuses on the association between nutritional markers and the outcomes of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis(CAPD) patients, aiming to establish a practical comprehensive nutritional scoring system for CAPD patients. METHODS: 924 patients who initiated peritoneal dialysis in our center from January 1st,2005 to December 31st,2015 were enrolled...
December 14, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Si-Jia Zhou, Qing-Feng Han, Ai-Hua Zhang, Wen Tang, Ling-Hua Sun
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Protein energy wasting (PEW) is a common medical phenomenon that is observed in maintenance dialysis patients. PEW also increases morbidity and mortality of these patients. Its pathogenesis is unclear. We hypothesize that serum irisin levels and volume overload may induce PEW in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The aim of this study is to measure serum irisin levels, evaluate volume status of PD patients, and study their correlations with PEW in PD patients. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional study with 160 PD patients from the PD center of Peking University Third Hospital and 35 healthy control subjects...
December 14, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Yujia Zhou, Pew-Thian Yap, Han Zhang, Lichi Zhang, Qianjin Feng, Dinggang Shen
Population studies of brain function with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) largely rely on the accurate inter-subject registration of functional areas. This is typically achieved through registration of the corresponding T1-weighted MR images with more structural details. However, accumulating evidence has suggested that such strategy cannot well-align functional regions which are not necessarily confined by the anatomical boundaries defined by the T1-weighted MR images. To mitigate this problem, various registration algorithms based directly on rs-fMRI data have been developed, most of which have utilized functional connectivity (FC) as features for registration...
September 2017: Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention: MICCAI ..
Elizabeth A Stone, Jessica Reimann, Lisa M Greenhill, Cate E Dewey
Three milestone educational planning initiatives engaged the veterinary medical profession in the United States and Canada between 1987 and 2011, namely the Pew National Veterinary Education Program, the Foresight Project, and the North American Veterinary Medical Education Consortium. In a quantitative study, we investigated the impact of these initiatives on veterinary medical education through a survey of academic leaders (deans, previous deans, and associate deans for academics from veterinary medical schools that are members of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges) to assess their perspectives on the initiatives and eight recommendations that were common to all three initiatives...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Ann-Charlotte Almblad, Petra Siltberg, Gunn Engvall, Mats Målqvist
PURPOSE: To describe data of Pediatric Early Warning Score (PEWS) registrations and to evaluate the implementation of PEWS by examining adherence to clinical guidelines based on measured PEWS, and to relate findings to work context. DESIGN AND METHODS: PEWS, as a part of a concept called Early Detection and Treatment-Children (EDT-C) was implemented at three wards at a Children's Hospital in Sweden. Data were collected from the Electronic Patient Record (EPR) retrospectively to assess adherence to guidelines...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Natalija Van Braeckel-Budimir, Stephanie Gras, Kristin Ladell, Tracy M Josephs, Lecia Pewe, Stina L Urban, Kelly L Miners, Carine Farenc, David A Price, Jamie Rossjohn, John T Harty
Immune response (Ir) genes, originally proposed by Baruj Benacerraf to explain differential antigen-specific responses in animal models, have become synonymous with the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). We discovered a non-MHC-linked Ir gene in a T cell receptor (TCR) locus that was required for CD8+ T cell responses to the Plasmodium berghei GAP5040-48 epitope in mice expressing the MHC class I allele H-2Db . GAP5040-48 -specific CD8+ T cell responses emerged from a very large pool of naive Vβ8.1+ precursors, which dictated susceptibility to cerebral malaria and conferred protection against recombinant Listeria monocytogenes infection...
November 21, 2017: Immunity
Elia Muñoz-Pérez, María De Los Ángeles Espinosa-Cuevas, Paola Vanessa Miranda-Alatriste, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Ximena Atilano-Carsi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Protein energy wasting (PEW) is a common syndrome in patients with chronic kidney disease, related to changes in hydration status, decreased food intake and inflammation. There are several tools for the assessment and diagnosis of such alterations. Bioimpedance vector analysis (BIVA) assess the state of nutrition and hydration, but not the inflammatory component, while the malnutrition inflammation score (MIS) comprises the inflammatory and nutritional factors, but not the state of hydration...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Rajaa Essadik, Rajaa Msaad, Halima Lebrazi, Hassan Taki, El Hassane Tahri, Anass Kettani, Ghizlane Madkouri, Benyounes Ramdani, Rachid Saïle
INTRODUCTION: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is a strong predictive factor for morbidity and mortality in haemodialysis (HD) patients. However, there is no consensus for its assessment. The present study aimed to assess the nutritional status of patients on chronic HD by use of different nutritional assessment parameters, and at verifying which can identify the greatest number of HD patients with PEW. Also, to investigate predictors of nutritional status in a haemodialysis center in Morocco...
December 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Kim-Han Thung, Pew-Thian Yap, Dinggang Shen
Utilization of biomedical data from multiple modalities improves the diagnostic accuracy of neurodegenerative diseases. However, multi-modality data are often incomplete because not all data can be collected for every individual. When using such incomplete data for diagnosis, current approaches for addressing the problem of missing data, such as imputation, matrix completion and multi-task learning, implicitly assume linear data-to-label relationship, therefore limiting their performances. We thus propose multi-task deep learning for incomplete data, where prediction tasks that are associated with different modality combinations are learnt jointly to improve the performance of each task...
September 2017: Deep Learning in Medical Image Analysis and Multimodal Learning for Clinical Decision Support: Third International Workshop, DLMIA 2017, and 7th International Workshop, ML-CDS 2017, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2017, Québec City, QC, Canada, Septembe
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"