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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731598/comparison-of-malnutrition-inflammation-score-anthropometry-and-biochemical-parameters-in-assessing-the-difference-in-protein-energy-wasting-between-normal-weight-and-obese-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis
#1
Elham Alipoor, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Mitra Mahdavi-Mazdeh, Mehdi Yaseri, Narges S Zahed
AIM: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is prevalent in haemodialysis. Obesity is an independent risk factor of kidney insufficiency, but it is proposed to have beneficial roles in better outcomes in the final stage of disease. Better nutritional status and body reserves are among probable mechanisms, but direct examinations are limited. The present study aimed to investigate whether obese patients have preferable nutritional status compared to normal weight patients based on malnutrition inflammation score (MIS) and other PEW parameters in haemodialysis...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729016/learning-based-structurally-guided-construction-of-resting-state-functional-correlation-tensors
#2
Lichi Zhang, Han Zhang, Xiaobo Chen, Qian Wang, Pew-Thian Yap, Dinggang Shen
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measures changes in blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) signals to detect brain activities. It has been recently reported that the spatial correlation patterns of resting-state BOLD signals in the white matter (WM) also give WM information often measured by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). These correlation patterns can be captured using functional correlation tensor (FCT), which is analogous to the diffusion tensor (DT) obtained from DTI. In this paper, we propose a noise-robust FCT method aiming at further improving its quality, and making it eligible for further neuroscience study...
July 17, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702210/successful-weight-loss-maintainers-use-health-tracking-smartphone-applications-more-than-a-nationally-representative-sample-comparison-of-the-national-weight-control-registry-to-pew-tracking-for-health
#3
C M Goldstein, J G Thomas, R R Wing, D S Bond
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to evaluate successful weight loss maintainers' use of self-monitoring technology. METHODS: National Weight Control Registry (NWCR) participants, who maintained a ≥13.6 kg weight loss for ≥1 year, completed an online survey about self-monitoring technology use. The NWCR sample (n = 794) was compared with a demographically similar subsample of 833 individuals answering the same questions in the Pew Tracking for Health Survey...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699849/protein-energy-wasting-significantly-increases-healthcare-utilization-and-costs-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study
#4
Chia-Ter Chao, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Rhoda Wen-Yi Cheng, Michael Yao-Hsien Wang, Kuan-Yu Hung
BACKGROUND: Disease-related malnutrition is highly prevalent and has prognostic implications for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, few studies have investigated the impact of malnutrition, or protein-energy wasting (PEW), on healthcare utilization and medical expenditure among CKD patients. METHODS: Using claim data from the National Health Insurance in Taiwan, we identified patients with CKD between 2009 and 2013 and categorize into those with mild, moderate, or severe CKD...
July 12, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696860/-si-dios-quiere-fatalismo-and-use-of-mental-health-services-among-latinos-with-a-history-of-depression
#5
Robert Rosales, Rocío Calvo
Latinos are less likely to seek professional mental health care than other groups in the United States. While fatalismo has long been hypothesized to be responsible for this behavior, there is little evidence on this assumption. Using an adapted version of the Behavioral Model of Health Service Use (BMHSU), and a nationally representative sample, this study examined the association between fatalismo and mental health service use among Latinos with a history of depression. Participants (n = 703) were drawn from the 2007 Pew Hispanic Healthcare survey...
July 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678699/turn-intent-detection-for-control-of-a-lower-limb-prosthesis
#6
Corey Pew, Glenn Klute
OBJECTIVE: An adaptable lower limb prosthesis with variable stiffness in the transverse plane requires a control method to effect changes in real time during amputee turning. This study aimed to identify classification algorithms that can accurately predict turning using inertial measurement unit (IMU) signals from the shank with adequate time to enact a change in stiffness during the swing phase of gait when the prosthesis is unloaded. METHODS: To identify if a turning step is imminent, classification models were developed around activities of daily living including 90? spin turns, 90? step turns, 180? turns, and straight walking using simulated IMU data from the prosthesis shank...
June 28, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670946/fear-of-immigration-enforcement-among-older-latino-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#7
Nestor Rodriguez, Cristian L Paredes, Jacqueline Hagan
OBJECTIVE: The passage of the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) and other subsequent restrictive immigration policies have created fear among Latino immigrants. This study examines whether fear of immigration enforcement is socially significant among older (50+ years) foreign-born Latino individuals in the United States without citizenship or permanent residence, and whether disapproval of immigrant enforcement policies is directly associated with fear of immigration enforcement among this older population...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662610/-church-hurt-can-be-the-worst-hurt-community-stakeholder-perceptions-of-the-role-of-black-churches-in-hiv-prevention-among-young-black-gay-and-bisexual-men
#8
Emily S Pingel, José A Bauermeister
Black gay and bisexual men aged 15-29 are disproportionately represented among new cases of HIV in the USA. Researchers have argued that community-based prevention cannot succeed without the participation of faith-based organisations, particularly given the salience of religion and spirituality in the lives of young Black gay and bisexual men. Yet some Black churches may be hesitant to engage in HIV prevention efforts given their beliefs about same-sex behaviour. It is less clear, however, whether and how public health practitioners in the field of HIV prevention have approached church inclusion...
June 30, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639845/between-the-pew-and-the-pulpit-can-personality-measures-help-identify-sexually-abusive-clergy
#9
Aria Amrom, Cynthia Calkins, Jamison Fargo
There has been limited conclusive research examining the personality characteristics of clergy who perpetrate abuse. To address this dearth of research, the current study aimed to develop a personality profile that distinguishes clergy members who sexually abuse children from other clergy. Personality and psychopathology were assessed using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III). Data were analyzed from a sample of clergy members, who comprised four comparison groups: clergy members referred to treatment for (a) child sexual abuse, (b) sexual misconduct with adults, (c) general clinical problems, or (d) routine employment evaluations with no previously identified clinical or sexual issues...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634773/development-and-validation-of-a-fall-risk-assessment-index-for-dialysis-patients
#10
Kenichi Kono, Yusuke Nishida, Hiroki Yabe, Yoshihumi Moriyama, Toshihiko Mori, Ryota Shiraki, Takashi Sato
BACKGROUND: Dialysis patients often have low physical performance due to uremic sarcopenia, protein energy wasting (PEW), and incidence intradialytic hypotension (IDH), which are indicated as risk factors for falling. The objective of this study was to develop a symptom-encompassing evaluation form to predict falls with high sensitivity for dialysis patients. METHODS: A total of 251 patients who had been receiving maintenance hemodialysis therapy three times a week were enrolled in the study...
June 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600134/comparison-of-subjective-global-assessment-and-protein-energy-wasting-score-to-nutrition-evaluations-conducted-by-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-in-identifying-protein-energy-wasting-risk-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients
#11
Simon Siu-Man Sum, Andrea F Marcus, Debra Blair, Laura A Olejnik, Joyce Cao, J Scott Parrott, Emily N Peters, Rosa K Hand, Laura D Byham-Gray
OBJECTIVE: To compare the 7-point subjective global assessment (SGA) and the protein energy wasting (PEW) score with nutrition evaluations conducted by registered dietitian nutritionists in identifying PEW risk in stage 5 chronic kidney disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study entitled "Development and Validation of a Predictive energy Equation in Hemodialysis". PEW risk identified by the 7-point SGA and the PEW score was compared against the nutrition evaluations conducted by registered dietitian nutritionists through data examination from the original study (reference standard)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595614/a-multicentre-randomised-intervention-study-of-the-paediatric-early-warning-score-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Claus Sixtus Jensen, Hanne Aagaard, Hanne Vebert Olesen, Hans Kirkegaard
BACKGROUND: Patients' evolving critical illness can be predicted and prevented. However, failure to identify the signs of critical illness and subsequent lack of appropriate action for patients developing acute and critical illness remain a problem. Challenges in assessing whether a child is critically ill may be due to children's often uncharacteristic symptoms of serious illness. Children may seem relatively unaffected until shortly before circulatory and respiratory failure and cardiac arrest...
June 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508131/muscle-wasting-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
Eduardo A Oliveira, Wai W Cheung, Kalodiah G Toma, Robert H Mak
Loss of lean body mass is a relevant component of the cachexia, or protein energy wasting (PEW), syndrome. Reduced muscle mass seems to be the most solid criterion for the presence of cachexia/PEW in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and those with greater muscle mass loss have a higher risk of death. Children with CKD have many risk factors for lean mass and muscle wasting, including poor appetite, inflammation, growth hormone resistance, and metabolic acidosis. Mortality risks in patients with CKD increases as body mass index (BMI) and weight decreases...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493685/selective-detection-of-shiga-like-toxin-1-from-complex-samples-using-pigeon-ovalbumin-functionalized-gold-nanoparticles-as-affinity-probes
#14
Chun-Hsien Li, Yi-Ling Bai, Karuppuchamy Selvaprakash, Kwok-Kong Tony Mong, Yu-Chie Chen
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a foodborne pathogen. This bacterial strain can generate Shiga-like toxins (SLTs), which can cause serious sickness and even death. Thus, it is important to develop effective and sensitive methods that can be used to rapidly identify the presence of SLTs from complex samples. Pigeon egg white (PEW) contains abundant glycoproteins, including pigeon ovalbumin (POA) (∼60%). POA possesses Gal-α(1→4)-Gal-β(1→4)-GlcNAc termini, which can recognize the B subunits in SLT type 1 (SLT-1B)...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484224/suppression-of-autoimmune-demyelinating-disease-by-preferential-stimulation-of-cns-specific-cd8-t-cells-using-listeria-encoded-neuroantigen
#15
Farah R Itani, Sushmita Sinha, Ashley A Brate, Lecia L Pewe, Katherine N Gibson-Corley, John T Harty, Nitin J Karandikar
CD8 T-cells predominate in CNS lesions of MS patients and display oligoclonal expansion. However, the role of myelin-specific CD8 T-cells in disease remains unclear, with studies showing protective and pathogenic roles in EAE. We demonstrated a disease-suppressive function for CNS-specific CD8 T-cells in a model where the antigen is exogenously administered in vivo and used for in vitro activation. To probe the nature of the CD8 response elicited by endogenously presented myelin antigens in vivo, we developed a novel approach utilizing infection with Listeria monocytogenes (LM) encoding proteolipid protein peptide (PLP) amino acids 178-191 (LM-PLP)...
May 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461555/cell-scientist-to-watch-mitchell-guttman
#16
(no author information available yet)
Mitchell received a bachelor's degree in molecular and computational biology and a master's degree in computational biology and bioinformatics from the University of Pennsylvania. He then joined the laboratory of Eric Lander at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard and was awarded his PhD in 2012. The same year he was named in the Forbes '30 under 30: science and healthcare' list of rising stars and received an NIH early independence award. Mitchell subsequently moved to the California Institute of Technology as an Assistant Professor to establish his own laboratory...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460640/physical-performance-and-protein-energy-wasting-in-patients-treated-with-nocturnal-haemodialysis-compared-to-conventional-haemodialysis-protocol-of-the-diaprifit-study
#17
Manouk Dam, Floor Neelemaat, Trudeke Struijk-Wielinga, Peter J Weijs, Brigit C van Jaarsveld
BACKGROUND: Poor physical performance and protein-energy wasting (PEW) are health issues of major concern in haemodialysis patients. The conventional haemodialysis (CHD) regime, three times per week 3-5 h, is subject of discussion because of high morbidity and mortality rates. When patients switch from CHD to longer dialysis sessions, i.e. nocturnal haemodialysis (NHD), improvement in protein intake and increase in body weight is seen. However, it is unclear whether physical performance and more important aspects of PEW, such as body composition, improve as well...
May 1, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440868/improved-outcomes-after-successful-implementation-of-a-pediatric-early-warning-system-pews-in-a-resource-limited-pediatric-oncology-hospital
#18
Asya Agulnik, Lupe Nataly Mora Robles, Peter W Forbes, Doris Judith Soberanis Vasquez, Ricardo Mack, Federico Antillon-Klussmann, Monica Kleinman, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo
BACKGROUND: Hospitalized pediatric oncology patients are at high risk of clinical decline and mortality, particularly in resource-limited settings. Pediatric early warning systems (PEWS) aid in the early identification of clinical deterioration; however, there are limited data regarding their feasibility or impact in low-resource settings. This study describes the successful implementation of PEWS at the Unidad Nacional de Oncología Pediátrica (UNOP), a pediatric oncology hospital in Guatemala, resulting in improved inpatient outcomes...
April 25, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434761/improvement-in-nutritional-status-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-4-by-a-nutrition-education-program-with-no-impact-on-renal-function-and-determined-by-male-sex
#19
Almudena Pérez-Torres, Elena González Garcia, Helena Garcia-Llana, Gloria Del Peso, Ana María López-Sobaler, Rafael Selgas
OBJECTIVE: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and a rapid deterioration of kidney function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there is little information regarding the effect of nutrition intervention. The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a nutrition education program (NEP) in patients with nondialysis dependent CKD (NDD-CKD), based on the diagnostic criteria for PEW proposed by the International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430145/the-association-of-ankle-brachial-index-protein-energy-wasting-and-inflammation-status-with-cardiovascular-mortality-in-patients-on-chronic-hemodialysis
#20
Hideki Ishii, Hiroshi Takahashi, Yasuhiko Ito, Toru Aoyama, Daisuke Kamoi, Takashi Sakakibara, Norio Umemoto, Yoshitaka Kumada, Susumu Suzuki, Toyoaki Murohara
Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is highly prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We investigated the association of abnormal ankle brachial index (ABI), PEW, and chronic inflammation status with clinical prognosis in HD patients. A total of 973 HD patients were enrolled and were followed-up for 8 years. As a marker of the PEW, geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) was used. Cut-off levels were 91.2 for GNRI defined from previous studies and 1.9 mg/L for C-reactive protein (CRP) as median value, respectively...
April 21, 2017: Nutrients
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