keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ileal feeding

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911928/%C3%AE-glucans-and-resistant-starch-alter-the-fermentation-of-recalcitrant-fibers-in-growing-pigs
#1
Sonja de Vries, Walter J J Gerrits, Mirjam A Kabel, Thava Vasanthan, Ruurd T Zijlstra
Interactions among dietary ingredients are often assumed non-existent when evaluating the nutritive value and health effects of dietary fiber. Specific fibers can distinctly affect digestive processes; therefore, digestibility and fermentability of the complete diet may depend on fiber types present. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of readily fermentable fibers (β-glucans and resistant starch) on the degradation of feed ingredients containing more persistent, recalcitrant, fibers. Six semi-synthetic diets with recalcitrant fibers from rapeseed meal (pectic polysaccharides, xyloglucans, and cellulose) or corn distillers dried grain with solubles (DDGS; (glucurono)arabinoxylans and cellulose) with or without inclusion of β-glucans (6%) or retrograded tapioca (40%) substituted for corn starch were formulated...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898953/impact-of-improving-dietary-amino-acid-balance-for-lactating-sows-on-efficiency-of-dietary-amino-acid-utilization-and-transcript-abundance-of-genes-encoding-lysine-transporters-in-mammary-tissue
#2
L Huber, C F M de Lange, C W Ernst, U Krogh, N L Trottier
Lactating multiparous Yorkshire sows ( = 64) were used in 2 experiments to test the hypothesis that reducing dietary CP intake and improving AA balance through crystalline AA (CAA) supplementation improves apparent dietary AA utilization efficiency for milk production and increases transcript abundance of genes encoding Lys transporter proteins in mammary tissue. In Exp. 1, 40 sows were assigned to 1 of 4 diets: 1) high CP (HCP; 16.0% CP, as-fed basis; analyzed concentration), 2) medium-high CP (MHCP; 15.7% CP), 3) medium-low CP (MLCP; 14...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898943/effects-of-feeding-fermented-wheat-with-on-gut-morphology-intestinal-fermentation-nutrient-digestibility-and-growth-performance-in-weaned-pigs
#3
M H A Le, S Galle, Y Yang, J L Landero, E Beltranena, M G Gänzle, R T Zijlstra
Feeding fermented feed to weaned pigs may improve nutrient digestibility and gut health and thereby reduce diarrhea incidence. Effects of feeding wheat grain fermented for 24 h with were evaluated with 36 weaned pigs (7.3 kg BW). Fermented wheat grain contained (DM basis) 14.2% CP, 0.45% chemically available Lys, and 7.8% NDF, whereas unfermented wheat grain contained 16.4% CP, 0.45% chemically available Lys, and 9.9% NDF. Pigs were fed 6 mash wheat-based diets balanced for water content during 2 phases: Phase 1 diets for 1 wk (d 0-7) with 20% unfermented or fermented wheat and, subsequently, Phase 2 diets for 2 wk (d 8-21) with 50% unfermented or fermented wheat...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898917/chemical-composition-and-standardized-ileal-amino-acid-digestibility-of-eight-genotypes-of-rye-fed-to-growing-pigs
#4
E J P Strang, M Eklund, P Rosenfelder, N Sauer, J K Htoo, R Mosenthin
A study with growing pigs was conducted to determine the chemical composition, physical characteristics, and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP and AA of 8 rye genotypes that have recently been added to the German Descriptive Variety List. Eight barrows with an initial BW of 24 ± 2 kg were fitted with T-cannulas at the distal ileum and allotted to an 8 × 8 Latin square design with 8 periods of 6 d each and 8 pigs receiving 8 different diets. The N-free method was used to determine the basal ileal endogenous CP and AA losses...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898914/postprandial-portal-fluxes-of-essential-amino-acids-volatile-fatty-acids-and-urea-nitrogen-in-growing-pigs-fed-a-high-fiber-diet-supplemented-with-a-multi-enzyme-cocktail
#5
A K Agyekum, E Kiarie, M C Walsh, C M Nyachoti
The present study investigated the effects of adding a multi-enzyme cocktail (MC) to a high-fiber diet on net portal-drained viscera (PDV) fluxes of essential AA (EAA), volatile fatty acids (VFA), and blood urea-N (BUN) in growing pigs. Five female pigs (22.8 ± 1.6 kg BW), with catheters in the portal vein, ileal vein, and carotid artery, were fed 3 isocaloric-nitrogenous diets at 4% of their BW once daily at 0900 h for 7 d in a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square design. The diets contained corn and soybean meal with 0% (control) or 30% distillers' dried grains with solubles (DDGS; HF) produced from a 1:1 mixture of wheat and corn...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898909/protein-and-amino-acid-bioavailability-of-extruded-dog-food-with-protein-meals-of-different-quality-using-growing-mink-as-a-model
#6
M T Tjernsbekk, A-H Tauson, C F Matthiesen, Ø Ahlstrøm
The present study evaluated growing mink () as a model for dietary protein quality assessment of protein meals used in extruded dog foods. Three foods with similar CP content but of different protein quality were produced using different protein meals. The protein meals varied with respect to CP digestibility and AA composition and included lamb meal (LBM), poultry meal (PM), and fish meal (FM) with low, intermediate, and high protein quality, respectively. Nitrogen balance, BW gain, protein efficiency ratio (PER), and apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) were used as measures of protein and AA bioavailability in growing mink...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898860/effects-of-collection-time-on-flow-of-chromium-and-dry-matter-and-on-basal-ileal-endogenous-losses-of-amino-acids-in-growing-pigs
#7
B G Kim, Y Liu, H H Stein
The objectives of this experiment were to examine the diurnal patterns of chromium and DM flow at the distal ileum of pigs and to determine the effect of collection time on basal ileal endogenous losses (BEL) of CP and AA. Eight barrows with an initial BW of 34.6kg (SD = 2.1) were individually fitted with a T-cannula in the distal ileum and randomly allotted to a replicated 4× 4 Latin square design with 4 diets and 4 periods in each square. Three diets contained either corn, soybean meal, or distillers dried grains with solubles as the sole source of CP and AA...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898849/effects-of-feed-intake-and-dietary-nutrient-density-on-apparent-ileal-and-total-tract-digestibility-of-nutrients-and-gross-energy-for-growing-pigs
#8
J B Liu, Z Q Liu, L Chen, H F Zhang
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of feed intake (FI) and dietary nutrient concentration on the determination of apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of nutrients and GE for growing pigs. A total of 48 growing pigs (40.7 ± 1.3 kg initial BW) were surgically fitted with simple T-cannulas at the distal ileum and assigned to 6 treatment groups in a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement of 2 diets (a low-nutrient-density [LND] diet or a normal-nutrient-density [NND] diet) and 3 FI levels (3, 4 or 5% of BW per day)...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868305/growth-nutrient-digestibility-ileal-digesta-viscosity-and-energy-metabolizability-of-growing-turkeys-fed-diets-containing-malted-sorghum-sprouts-supplemented-with-enzyme-or-yeast
#9
F O Oke, A O Oso, O O Oduguwa, A V Jegede, K-H Südekum, A O Fafiolu, V Pirgozliev
Growth, apparent nutrient digestibility, ileal digesta viscosity, and energy metabolizability of growing turkeys fed diets containing malted sorghum sprouts (MSP) supplemented with enzyme or yeast were investigated using 120, 28-day-old male turkeys. Six treatments were laid out in a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments with three dietary inclusion levels of MSP (0, 50, and 100 g/kg) and supplemented with 200 mg/kg yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) or 200 mg/kg of a commercial enzyme. The experiment lasted for the starter (day 28-56) and grower phases (day 57-84) of the birds...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868253/the-effect-of-lupinus-albus-seeds-on-digestibility-performance-and-gastrointestinal-tract-indices-in-pigs
#10
M Kasprowicz-Potocka, A Zaworska, S Kaczmarek, M Hejdysz, R Mikuła, A Rutkowski
The effect of soya bean meal (SBM) substitution in the diet with white lupine (WL) seeds on performances and some parameters of the digestive tract of pigs were studied. The digestibility experiment was performed on 30 pigs using difference method combined with marker method, where one group was offered basal diet and in diet of experimental groups 25% of the basal diet was substituted with SBM or WL meal. The growth experiment was conducted on 48 pigs of approximately 20 kg body weight. The animals from the control group were fed with diet containing SBM, whereas in the experimental groups 50% or 100% of SBM was substituted with WL seeds...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863544/effect-of-a-post-weaning-diet-supplemented-with-functional-feed-additives-on-ileal-transcriptome-activity-and-serum-cytokines-in-piglets-challenged-with-lipopolysaccharide
#11
N Bissonnette, X R Jiang, J J Matte, F Guay, G Talbot, V Bontempo, J Gong, Q Wang, M Lessard
This study evaluated the potential of a weanling diet supplemented with trace minerals, vitamins, prebiotics, essential oils, antioxidants and bovine colostrum (BC) to modulate the inflammatory response of low-weight (LW) and high-weight (HW) piglets challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). At weaning (20±1 d), litters from 32 sows were assigned to four groups: control diet (CTL), CTL plus dietary supplements (DS) or the antibiotic chlortetracycline (ATB), or DS plus BC in place of plasma proteins in the weanling diet (DS+BC)...
December 2016: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848267/the-impacts-of-hammer-mill-screen-size-and-grain-particle-size-on-the-performance-of-broiler-chickens-offered-diets-based-on-two-red-sorghum-varieties
#12
P H Selle, H H Truong, A Khoddami, A F Moss, T H Roberts, S Y Liu
1. The two red grain sorghums were extensively characterised. Kafirin, polyphenolic compounds, free, conjugated and bound phenolic acids, phytate concentrations and starch pasting profiles were determined. 2. The experiment consisted of a 2 x 4 factorial array of dietary treatments comprising two red sorghum varieties (Tiger and Block I) ground through 4 hammer-mill screen sizes (2.0, 3.2, 4.8, 6.0 mm) prior to incorporation into nutritionally-equivalent diets. Eight steam-pelleted dietary treatments were each offered to 7 replicates (6 male Ross 308 birds per cage) from 7 to 28 d post-hatch...
November 16, 2016: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832865/ghrelin-improves-intestinal-mucosal-atrophy-during-parenteral-nutrition-an-experimental-study
#13
Waka Yamada, Tatsuru Kaji, Shun Onishi, Kazuhiko Nakame, Koji Yamada, Takafumi Kawano, Motoi Mukai, Masakazu Souda, Takako Yoshioka, Akihide Tanimoto, Satoshi Ieiri
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) has been reported to be associated with mucosal atrophy of the small intestine. Ghrelin has hormonal, orexigenic, and metabolic activities. We investigated whether ghrelin improved intestinal mucosal atrophy using a TPN-supported rat model. METHODS: Rats underwent jugular vein catheterization and were divided into four groups: TPN alone (TPN), TPN plus low-dose ghrelin (TPNLG), TPN plus high-dose ghrelin (TPNHG), and oral feeding with normal chow (OF)...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822369/short-term-effect-of-supplemental-yeast-extract-without-or-with-feed-enzymes-on-growth-performance-immune-status-and-gut-structure-of-weaned-pigs-challenged-with-escherichia-coli-lipopolysaccharide
#14
Samuel M Waititu, Fugui Yin, Rob Patterson, Juan C Rodriguez-Lecompte, Charles M Nyachoti
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the response of piglets receiving a yeast extract without or with a multi-enzyme mixture compared with an antimicrobial growth promoter (AGP) on performance, immune status and gut structure after an E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Thirty-six pigs were allotted to six treatments including: a non-challenged control (NCC); LPS-challenged control (CC); CC + AGP; CC + yeast extract; CC + enzymes; and CC + enzymes + yeast extract...
2016: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811325/effect-of-elevated-dietary-amino-acid-levels-in-high-canola-meal-diets-on-productive-traits-and-cecal-microbiota-population-of-broiler-chickens-in-a-pair-feeding-study
#15
M Toghyani, C K Girish, S B Wu, P A Iji, R A Swick
A pair-feeding study was conducted to determine if reduced feed intake (FI) in broiler chickens fed high canola meal (CM) diets per se accounts for reduced growth performance and whether this lower growth rate can be mitigated by increasing dietary amino acid (AA) levels. Five experimental wheat-based diets were formulated as follows: soybean meal (SBM) diet, high CM diet with normal AA concentration, and high CM diets with 3, 6, or 9% additional AA concentration (Lys, Met+Cys, Thr, Ile, Arg, and Val). Another group of birds was pair-fed with SBM diet to the consumption levels of birds fed CM diet with normal AA...
November 2, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751197/evaluation-of-microbially-enhanced-soybean-meal-as-an-alternative-to-fishmeal-in-weaned-pig-diets
#16
S M Sinn, W R Gibbons, M L Brown, J M DeRouchey, C L Levesque
An experimental, microbially enhanced soybean product (MEPRO) was evaluated as a replacement for fishmeal (FM). Assessment of feedstuffs should include estimation of digestibility as well as pig performance and in combination with dietary additives. Digestibility values determined in growing pigs may not apply to nursery pigs; thus, standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of amino acids (AA) in MEPRO and FM were determined using 30±1.6 kg BW ileal-cannulated barrows (n=6) and 9.8±1.2 kg BW barrows (n=37; serial slaughter)...
October 18, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747941/benzoic-acid-beneficially-affects-growth-performance-of-weaned-pigs-which-was-associated-with-changes-in-gut-bacterial-populations-morphology-indices-and-growth-factor-gene-expression
#17
J L Chen, P Zheng, C Zhang, B Yu, J He, J Yu, J Q Luo, X B Mao, Z Q Huang, D W Chen
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of benzoic acid (BA) on growth performance, intestinal development and intestinal barrier function in weaned pigs. Ninety weaned pigs were randomly assigned to one of three treatments: a basal diet (CON), the basal diet supplemented with 2000 mg/kg benzoic acid (BA1) and 5000 mg/kg benzoic acid (BA2). At the end of days 14 and 42, six pigs per treatment were randomly selected to collect plasma and intestinal samples. Results showed that BA supplementation not only improved final body weight, daily growth and feed conversion ratio from days 15 to 42 and days 1 to 42, but also decreased the activity of plasma diamine oxidase (day 42) and the pH values of jejunal contents (day 14) (p < 0...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738553/the-impact-of-orally-administered-phages-on-host-immune-response-and-surrounding-microbial-communities
#18
Yingying Hong, Jyothi Thimmapuram, Jiayi Zhang, Clayton K Collings, Ketaki Bhide, Kyle Schmidt, Paul D Ebner
Numerous studies have shown the efficacy of phage therapy in reducing foodborne pathogen carriage in food animals. Fewer studies have focused on host reactions, especially in terms of phage-mediated acute immune responses and effects on the gut microbiome. Here we administered E. coli O157:H7 phages in low (single dose of 10(5) PFU) or high (single dose of 10(7) PFU) quantities to mice. While there were time points at which cytokine levels in different treatment groups differed from one another, all cytokine levels remained within normal ranges for mice regardless of treatment...
July 2016: Bacteriophage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722063/the-protective-effect-of-procyanidin-against-lps-induced-acute-gut-injury-by-the-regulations-of-oxidative-state
#19
Qiu Jue Wu, Yu Qin Wang, Yan Xia Qi
BACKGROUND: A 2 × 4 factorial arrangement of treatments was used to investigate the protective effect of procyanidin (PCA) against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute gut injury by the regulations of oxidative state for a 21-days feeding trial. METHODS: A total of 384 1-days-old broiler chicks were assigned to 8 treatments with 8 replicate of 6 broiler chickens per pen. Broiler chickens fed diets based on 4 levels of dietary PCA (0, 0.05, 0.075 and 0.1 % of the requirements)...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708773/determination-of-basal-ileal-endogenous-losses-and-standardized-ileal-digestibility-of-amino-acids-in-barley-fed-to-growing-pigs
#20
Hanna Katharina Spindler, Rainer Mosenthin, Pia Rosenfelder, Henry Jørgensen, Knud Erik Bach Knudsen, Meike Eklund
BACKGROUND: Basal ileal endogenous amino acid (AA) losses (IAAend) and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) values of cereal grains, such as barley, are apparently underestimated when determined according to the nitrogen (N)-free method. Regression analysis between the dietary apparent ileal digestible content (cAID) and total crude protein (CP) and AA can be considered as alternative approach to obtain more accurate values for IAAend and SID of AA in cereal grains. METHODS: Eight hulled barley genotypes were used, with barley being the only source of CP and AA in the assay diets...
2016: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
keyword
keyword
61627
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"