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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231636/personalized-thromboprophylaxis-using-a-risk-score-for-the-management-of-pregnancies-with-high-risk-of-thrombosis-a-prospective-clinical-study
#1
Y Dargaud, L Rugeri, C Fleury, C Battie, P Gaucherand, C Huissoud, R C Rudigoz, H Desmurs-Clavel, J Ninet, M C Trzeciak
BACKGROUND: Patients with thrombophilia and/or a history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are at risk of thrombosis during pregnancy. A risk score for pregnancies with increased risk of VTE was previously described by our group (Lyon-VTE-score). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to assess the efficacy and safety of our score-based prophylaxis strategy in 542 pregnancies managed between 2005 and 2015 in Lyon University Hospitals. PATIENTS/METHODS: Of 445 patients included in the study, 36 had several pregnancies during the study period...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231555/edge-preserving-denoising-for-intra-operative-cone-beam-ct-in-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#2
Yi Liu, Miguel Castro, Mathieu Lederlin, Huazhong Shu, Adrien Kaladji, Pascal Haigron
C-arm cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) acquisition during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is an emergent technology with more and more applications. It offers real time imaging with a stationary patient and provides 3-D information to achieve guidance of intervention. However, there is growing concern on the overall radiation doses delivered to patients all along the endovascular management due to pre-, intra-, and post-operative X-ray imaging. Manufactures may have their low dose protocols to realize reduction of radiation dose, but CBCT with a low dose protocol has too many artifacts, particularly streak artifacts, and decreased contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR)...
January 30, 2017: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229248/promoting-social-nurturance-and-positive-social-environments-to-reduce-obesity-in-high-risk-youth
#3
REVIEW
Dawn K Wilson, Allison M Sweeney, Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, Haylee Gause, Sara M St George
Nurturing environments within the context of families, schools, and communities all play an important role in enhancing youth's behavioral choices and health outcomes. The increasing prevalence rates of obesity among youth, especially among low income and ethnic minorities, highlight the need to develop effective and innovative intervention approaches that promote positive supportive environments across different contexts for at-risk youth. We propose that the integration of Social Cognitive Theory, Family Systems Theory, and Self-Determination Theory offers a useful framework for understanding how individual, family, and social-environmental-level factors contribute to the development of nurturing environments...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228940/beneficial-effects-of-nonpharmacological-interventions-in-the-management-of-essential-hypertension
#4
REVIEW
Anastasios Vamvakis, Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Areti Triantafyllou, Eleni Gavriilaki, Stella Douma
Essential hypertension is a major health problem causing excess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Management of essential hypertension consists of pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. In order to prevent and/or treat hypertension, parameters like nutrition, body weight, and physical exercise should be evaluated and taken under consideration for improvement. A large body of evidence clearly support that the role of salt, alcohol, fruits, and vegetables is important for high blood pressure...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228158/flaxseed-oil-ameliorates-alcoholic-liver-disease-via-anti-inflammation-and-modulating-gut-microbiota-in-mice
#5
Xiaoxia Zhang, Hao Wang, Peipei Yin, Hang Fan, Liwei Sun, Yujun Liu
BACKGROUND: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) represents a chronic wide-spectrum of liver injury caused by consistently excessive alcohol intake. Few satisfactory advances have been made in management of ALD. Thus, novel and more practical treatment options are urgently needed. Flaxseed oil (FO) is rich in α-linolenic acid (ALA), a plant-derived n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). However, the impact of dietary FO on chronic alcohol consumption remains unknown. METHODS: In this study, we assessed possible effects of dietary FO on attenuation of ALD and associated mechanisms in mice...
February 22, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228102/influence-of-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-on-physical-activity-levels-of-university-players-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Fiona Y Wong
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight is increasing and the effectiveness of various weight management and exercise programs varied. An augmented reality smartphone game, Pokémon Go, appears to increase activity levels of players. This study assessed the players and ex-players' frequencies and durations of staying outdoors, and walking/jogging before and during the time they played Pokémon Go, evaluated the physical activity levels of players, ex-players and non-players, and investigated the potential factors which determined their play statuses...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228098/anti-obesity-effect-of-ethanolic-extract-from-cosmos-caudatus-kunth-leaf-in-lean-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#7
Hafeedza Abdul Rahman, Najla Gooda Sahib, Nazamid Saari, Faridah Abas, Amin Ismail, Muhammad Waseem Mumtaz, Azizah Abdul Hamid
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major health concern both in developed and developing countries. The use of herbal medicines became the subject of interest for the management of obesity due to its natural origin, cost effectiveness and minimal side effects. The present study aimed at investigating anti-obesity potential of ethanolic extract from Cosmos caudatus Kunth leaf (EECCL). METHODS: In this study, the rats were randomly divided into six groups i.e., (1) Normal Diet (ND); (2) Normal Diet and 175 mg/kgBW of EECCL (ND + 175 mg/kgBW); (3) Normal Diet and 350 mg/kgBW of EECCL (ND + 350 mg/kgBW); (4) High Fat Diet (HFD); (5) High Fat Diet and 175 mg/kgBW of EECCL (HFD + 175 mg/kgBW); (6) High Fat Diet and 350 mg/kgBW of EECCL (HFD + 350 mg/kgBW)...
February 22, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226678/hip-segmentation-from-mri-volumes-in-infants-for-ddh-diagnosis-and-treatment-planning
#8
Abhilash Rakkunedeth Hareendranathan, Dornoosh Zonoobi, Myles Mabee, Chad Diederichs, Kumaradevan Punithakumar, Michelle Noga, Jacob L Jaremko, Abhilash Rakkunedeth Hareendranathan, Dornoosh Zonoobi, Myles Mabee, Chad Diederichs, Kumaradevan Punithakumar, Michelle Noga, Jacob L Jaremko, Jacob L Jaremko, Myles Mabee, Dornoosh Zonoobi, Michelle Noga, Chad Diederichs, Kumaradevan Punithakumar, Abhilash Rakkunedeth Hareendranathan
Diagnosis and surgical management of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) relies on physical examination and 2D ultrasound scanning. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can be used to complement existing techniques and could be advantageous in treatment planning due to its larger field of view. In this paper we propose a semi-automatic method to segment surface models of the acetabulum from MRI images. The method incorporates clinical knowledge in the form of intensity priors which are integrated into a Random Walker (RW) formulation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226661/optimal-weighted-averaging-of-event-related-activity-from-acquisitions-with-artifacts
#9
Luca Vollero, Sara Petrichella, Giulio Innello, Luca Vollero, Sara Petrichella, Giulio Innello, Luca Vollero, Sara Petrichella, Giulio Innello
In several biomedical applications that require the signal processing of biological data, the starting procedure for noise reduction is the ensemble averaging of multiple repeated acquisitions (trials). This method is based on the assumption that each trial is composed of two additive components: (i) a time-locked activity related to some sensitive/stimulation phenomenon (ERA, Event Related Activity in the following) and (ii) a sum of several other non time-locked background activities. The averaging aims at estimating the ERA activity under very low Signal to Noise and Interference Ratio (SNIR)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226343/-diagnosis-and-risk-assessment-of-postoperative-complications-of-gastric-cancer-in-japan-and-korea
#10
Xiang Hu, Chi Zhang
Radical surgery of gastric cancer (D2 lymph node dissection) as the standard operation is widely used in clinical practice and satisfactory prognosis can be obtained in patients who receive radical gastrectomy. But surgical invasion can cause high morbidity of complications and mortality. The data of large-scale evidence-based medical clinical trials and large databases in Japan and Korea showed that anastomotic leakage, pancreatic leakage and abdominal abscess were the most common complications after gastrectomy, and the morbidity of complication was about 20% and mortality was about 1%...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226200/effectiveness-of-group-based-self-management-education-for-individuals-with-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses-and-meta-regression
#11
K Odgers-Jewell, L E Ball, J T Kelly, E A Isenring, D P Reidlinger, R Thomas
AIMS: Patient education for the management of Type 2 diabetes can be delivered in various forms, with the goal of promoting and supporting positive self-management behaviours. This systematic review aimed to determine the effectiveness of group-based interventions compared with individual interventions or usual care for improving clinical, lifestyle and psychosocial outcomes in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched. Group-based education programmes for adults with Type 2 diabetes that measured HbA1c and followed participants for ≥ 6 months were included...
February 22, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225703/do-acute-hospitalised-patients-in-australia-have-a-different-body-mass-index-to-the-general-australian-population-a-point-prevalence-study
#12
Diane M Dennis, Vicki Carter, Michelle Trevenen, Jacinta Tyler, Luisa Perrella, Erika Lori, Ian Cooper
Objective The aim of the present study was to provide a current snapshot of the body mass index (BMI) of the entire patient cohort of an Australian tertiary hospital on one day and compare these data with current published Australian and state (Western Australia) population norms.Methods A single-centre prospective point prevalence study was performed whereby BMI was calculated following actual measurement of patient weight (nurse) and height (physiotherapist) on one day during 2015. Variables were summarised descriptively, and one-way analysis of variance was used to investigate the relationship between continuous BMI and hospital speciality...
February 23, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225423/committee-opinion-no-688-management-of-suboptimally-dated-pregnancies
#13
(no author information available yet)
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists considers first-trimester ultrasonography to be the most accurate method to establish or confirm gestational age. Pregnancies without an ultrasonographic examination confirming or revising the estimated due date before 22 0/7 weeks of gestation should be considered suboptimally dated. This document provides guidance for managing pregnancies in which the best clinical estimate of gestational age is suboptimal. There is no role for elective delivery in a woman with a suboptimally dated pregnancy...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225418/committee-opinion-no-688-summary-management-of-suboptimally-dated-pregnancies
#14
(no author information available yet)
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists considers first-trimester ultrasonography to be the most accurate method to establish or confirm gestational age. Pregnancies without an ultrasonographic examination confirming or revising the estimated due date before 22 0/7 weeks of gestation should be considered suboptimally dated. This document provides guidance for managing pregnancies in which the best clinical estimate of gestational age is suboptimal. There is no role for elective delivery in a woman with a suboptimally dated pregnancy...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225374/characterizing-the-toxicity-and-dose-effect-profile-of-tramadol-ingestions-in-children
#15
Gina L Stassinos, Lawrence Gonzales, Wendy Klein-Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: Tramadol can cause life-threatening toxicity in overdose; however, data on its toxicity in children are lacking. This study investigates toxicity associated with tramadol ingestions in children. The hypothesis is that children will experience dose-related central nervous system and respiratory depression and seizures. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of cases from the National Poison Center Data System between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2013, was performed...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224463/liraglutide-versus-lixisenatide-long-term-cost-effectiveness-of-glp-1-receptor-agonist-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-in-spain
#16
Pedro Mezquita-Raya, Antonio Ramírez de Arellano, Nana Kragh, Gabriela Vega-Hernandez, Johannes Pöhlmann, William J Valentine, Barnaby Hunt
INTRODUCTION: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists are used successfully in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes as they are associated with low hypoglycemia rates, weight loss and improved glycemic control. This study compared, in the Spanish setting, the cost-effectiveness of liraglutide 1.8 mg versus lixisenatide 20 μg, both GLP-1 receptor agonists, for patients with type 2 diabetes who had not achieved glycemic control targets on metformin monotherapy. METHODS: The IMS CORE Diabetes Model was used to project clinical outcomes and costs, expressed in 2015 Euros, over patient lifetimes...
February 21, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224372/improving-weight-management-among-veterans
#17
David Atkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223850/unusual-etiology-of-gastrointestinal-symptoms-the-case-of-jojoba-butter
#18
Michael R Minckler, Joseph Fisher, Rachel Bowers, Richard Amini
BACKGROUND: Jojoba butter is cyanogenic and has gained attention among herbal supplement consumers due to claims that it may aid in weight loss. Jojoba butter is extracted from the seeds of jojoba shrubs found in the Sonoran Desert. The seeds have long been recognized as inedible, however clinical symptoms following ingestion are not well documented. CASE REPORT: This report describes a patient who developed restlessness and gastrointestinal complaints following ingestion of homemade jojoba seed butter...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223778/gancidin-w-a-potential-low-toxicity-antimalarial-agent-isolated-from-an-endophytic-streptomyces-suk10
#19
Noraziah Mohamad Zin, Mohd Shukri Baba, Abu Hassan Zainal-Abidin, Jalifah Latip, Noor Wini Mazlan, RuAngelie Edrada-Ebel
Endophytic Streptomyces strains are potential sources for novel bioactive molecules. In this study, the diketopiperazine gancidin W (GW) was isolated from the endophytic actinobacterial genus Streptomyces, SUK10, obtained from the bark of Shorea ovalis tree, and it was tested in vivo against Plasmodium berghei PZZ1/100. GW exhibited an inhibition rate of nearly 80% at 6.25 and 3.125 μg kg(-1) body weight on day four using the 4-day suppression test method on male ICR strain mice. Comparing GW at both concentrations with quinine hydrochloride and normal saline as positive and negative controls, respectively, 50% of the mice treated with 3...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223710/high-intensity-aerobic-exercise-improves-both-hepatic-fat-content-and-stiffness-in-sedentary-obese-men-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
Sechang Oh, Rina So, Takashi Shida, Tomoaki Matsuo, Bokun Kim, Kentaro Akiyama, Tomonori Isobe, Yoshikazu Okamoto, Kiyoji Tanaka, Junichi Shoda
We compared the effects of 12-week programs of resistance training (RT), high-intensity interval aerobic training (HIAT), and moderate-intensity continuous aerobic training (MICT). The primary goal was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of the exercise modalities for the management of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). A total of 61 sedentary obese men with NAFLD were randomized into one of the following exercise regimens (RT, HIAT, or MICT). Hepatic fat content was decreased to a similar extent in the RT, HIAT, and MICT groups (-14...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
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