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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088557/meta-analysis-of-organizational-skills-interventions-for-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
REVIEW
Aida Bikic, Brian Reichow, Spencer A McCauley, Karim Ibrahim, Denis G Sukhodolsky
BACKGROUND: In addition to problems with attention and hyperactivity, children with ADHD present with poor organizational skills required for managing time and materials in academic projects. Organizational skills training (OST) has been increasingly used to address these deficits. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of OST in children with ADHD. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to systematically review the evidence of the effects of OST for children with ADHD for organizational skills, attention, and academic performance...
December 29, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088261/parquetina-nigrescens-leaves-chemical-profile-and-influence-on-the-physical-and-biochemical-indices-of-sexual-activity-of-male-wistar-rats
#2
Omowumi Titilola Kayode, Musa Toyin Yakubu
OBJECTIVE: The leaves of Parquetina nigrescens have been claimed in folk medicine to be useful for managing sexual dysfunction, but there is inadequate scientific evidence for this claim. This investigation was conducted to assess the effects of aqueous leaf extract of Parquetina nigrescens (AEPN) in rats induced with sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Male rats were allocated into various groups after being induced into sexual dysfunction with paroxetine hydrochloride...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087423/is-middle-cerebral-artery-doppler-related-to-neonatal-and-2-year-infant-outcome-in-early-fetal-growth-restriction
#3
Tamara Stampalija, Birgit Arabin, Hans Wolf, Caterina M Bilardo, Christoph Lees
BACKGROUND: Reduced fetal middle cerebral artery Doppler impedance is associated with hypoxemia in fetal growth restriction. It remains unclear as to whether this finding could be useful in timing delivery especially in third trimester. In this regard there is a paucity of evidence from prospective studies. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is an association between middle cerebral artery Doppler impedance and its ratio with the umbilical artery in relation to neonatal and 2-year infant outcome in early fetal growth restriction (26(+0)-31(+6) weeks of gestation)...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087311/-the-role-of-novel-oral-anticoagulants-in-patients-undergoing-cryoballoon-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#4
Giannis Baltogiannis, Gian-Battista Chierchia, Giulio Conte, Juan Sieira, Giacomo Di Giovanni, Giuseppe Ciconte, Carlo de Asmundis, Yukio Saitoh, Kristel Wauters, Ghazala Irfan, Pedro Brugada
AIM: Peri-procedural thromboembolic (TE) and hemorrhagic events are complications of major concern for patients undergoing cryoballoon (CB) ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). While peri-procedural anticoagulation management could decrease the incidence of these complications, data on CB ablation are scarce. The role of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) has not been thoroughly tested in this population. METHODS: In the present study, we sought to assess acute peri-procedural complications in patients undergoing CB ablation for AF under different anticoagulation regimens; anticoagulation administration was performed according to the CHA2DS2-VASc score guidelines...
November 16, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087246/adipocytokines-and-anthropometric-measures-in-type-2-diabetics
#5
Shubhangi M Harke, Suresh P Khadke, Abhijit A Ghadge, Ashwini S Manglekar, Shashank S Shah, Arundhati G Diwan, Aniket A Kuvalekar
AIM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus has assumed pandemic proportions worldwide. Aggressive management of hyperglycemia in diabetics is a primary goal of treatment. We have previously reported favorable effects of oral hypoglycemic agents on adipocytokines. Aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of adipocytokines with anthropometric measures and biochemical parameters in type 2 diabetics. METHODS: Clinically diagnosed type 2 diabetics and age, gender matched healthy volunteers were recruited for study...
December 30, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087090/quantifying-exposure-of-wild-bumblebees-to-mixtures-of-agrochemicals-in-agricultural-and-urban-landscapes
#6
Cristina Botías, Arthur David, Elizabeth M Hill, Dave Goulson
The increased use of pesticides has caused concern over the possible direct association of exposure to combinations of these compounds with bee health problems. There is growing proof that bees are regularly exposed to mixtures of agrochemicals, but most research has been focused on managed bees living in farmland, whereas little is known about exposure of wild bees, both in farmland and urban habitats. To determine exposure of wild bumblebees to pesticides in agricultural and urban environments through the season, specimens of five different species were collected from farms and ornamental urban gardens in three sampling periods...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087054/care-pathway-of-patients-with-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer-in-daily-practice-in-france-results-from-the-repere-national-survey
#7
Pascal Hammel, Romain Coriat, Gérard Lledo, Mariella de Bausset, Marion Selosse, Stéphane Obled, Franck Bonnetain
Data in the literature regarding the care pathway of pancreatic cancer patients are limited. The objective of the REPERE survey was to identify and describe the initial stages of the care pathway of pancreatic patients in the metastatic phase. From May to October 2015, 62 oncologists (ON) or gastroenterologists specialized in digestive oncology (GESDO) and 300 general practitioners (GP) completed an electronic questionnaire on the pathway of 728 patients recently diagnosed with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma...
January 10, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086848/using-intervention-mapping-to-develop-the-parents-as-agents-of-change-pac-%C3%A2-intervention-for-managing-pediatric-obesity
#8
Geoff D C Ball, Aislin R Mushquash, Rachel A Keaschuk, Kathryn A Ambler, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity has become increasingly prevalent over recent decades. In view of the psychosocial and physical health risks, and the high likelihood that children with obesity will grow to become adults with obesity, there is a clear need to develop evidence-based interventions that can be delivered in the health care system to optimize the health and well-being of children with obesity and their families. The aim of this paper is to describe the development, implementation, and planned evaluation of a parent-based weight management intervention designed for parents of 8-12 year olds with obesity...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086814/intestinal-helminth-co-infection-and-associated-factors-among-tuberculosis-patients-in-arba-minch-ethiopia
#9
Getaneh Alemu, Mohammedaman Mama
BACKGROUND: Helminths affect the outcome of tuberculosis by shifting cell mediated immune response to humoral and by total suppression of the host immune system. On the reverse, Mycobacterium infection favors immune escape of helminths. Therefore assessing helminth co-infection rate and predisposing factors in tuberculosis patients is mandatory to set strategies for better case management. METHODS: Facility based cross-sectional study was conducted in Arba Minch to assess the prevalence and associated factors of intestinal helminths among pulmonary tuberculosis patients from January to August, 2016...
January 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081594/management-of-direct-antiviral-agent-failures
#10
REVIEW
María Buti, Rafael Esteban
The current standard of care for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a combination of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs). Most HCV patients treated with these drugs achieve viral elimination, but 1% to 15% fail to attain this objective. Treatment failures are usually related to relapse, and less often to on-treatment viral breakthrough. HCV drug resistant associated substitutions are detected in most patients who do not eliminate the virus. The risk of developing these variants depends on host- and virus-related factors, the properties of the drugs used, and the treatment strategies applied...
December 2016: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081146/maternal-nutrition-during-pregnancy-affects-testicular-and-bone-development-glucose-metabolism-and-response-to-overnutrition-in-weaned-horses-up-to-two-years
#11
Morgane Robles, Camille Gautier, Luis Mendoza, Pauline Peugnet, Cédric Dubois, Michèle Dahirel, Jean-Philippe Lejeune, Isabelle Caudron, Isabelle Guenon, Sylvaine Camous, Anne Tarrade, Laurence Wimel, Didier Serteyn, Hélène Bouraima-Lelong, Pascale Chavatte-Palmer
INTRODUCTION: Pregnant mares and post-weaning foals are often fed concentrates rich in soluble carbohydrates, together with forage. Recent studies suggest that the use of concentrates is linked to alterations of metabolism and the development of osteochondrosis in foals. The aim of this study was to determine if broodmare diet during gestation affects metabolism, osteoarticular status and growth of yearlings overfed from 20 to 24 months of age and/or sexual maturity in prepubertal colts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080215/laparoscopy-assisted-duhamel-z-anastomosis-for-total-colonic-aganglionosis-outcome-assessed-by-fecal-continence-evaluation
#12
Go Miyano, Hiroki Nakamura, Shogo Seo, Ryo Sueyoshi, Manabu Okawada, Takashi Doi, Hiroyuki Koga, Geoffrey J Lane, Tadaharu Okazaki, Atsuyuki Yamataka
BACKGROUND: A Z-shaped colorectal side-to-side anastomosis was introduced to improve the Duhamel procedure by eliminating the rectal blind pouch. We retrospectively reviewed all total colonic aganglionosis patients treated by laparoscopy-assisted Duhamel-Z (LapDZ) between 2009 and 2014 focusing on annual fecal continence evaluation scores (CES) as an indicator of outcome. METHODS: LapDZ was performed conventionally. Postoperatively, defecation was regulated with medications and enemas according to our standard protocol...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079242/application-of-baros-questionnaire-in-obese-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-with-2-years-of-evolution
#13
Caetano de Queiroz, José Afonso Sallet, Pedro Gabriel Melo DE Barros E Silva, Luzia da Gloria Pereira de Sousa Queiroz, Jélis Arenas Pimentel, Paulo Clemente Sallet
BACKGROUND: -In recent decades, the high prevalence of obesity in the general population has brought serious concerns in terms of public health. Contrarily to conventional treatment involving dieting and physical exercising, often ineffective in generating long term results, bariatric opera-tions have been an effective method for sustained weight loss in morbidly obese individuals. The Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS) is an objective and recognized system in the overall evaluation of results after bariatric surgery...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078646/mucosal-healing-in-ulcerative-colitis-a-comprehensive-review
#14
REVIEW
Pedro Boal Carvalho, José Cotter
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by periods of remission and periods of relapse. Patients often present with symptoms such as rectal bleeding, diarrhea and weight loss, and may require hospitalization and even colectomy. Long-term complications of UC include decreased quality of life and productivity and an increased risk of colorectal cancer. Mucosal healing (MH) has gained progressive importance in the management of UC patients. In this article, we review the endoscopic findings that define both mucosal injury and MH, and the strengths and limitations of the scoring systems currently available in clinical practice...
January 11, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078382/timing-and-mode-of-delivery-in-prenatally-diagnosed-congenital-heart-disease-an-analysis-of-practices-within-the-university-of-california-fetal-consortium-ucfc
#15
Shabnam Peyvandi, Tina Ahn Thu Thi Nguyen, Myriam Almeida-Jones, Nina Boe, Laila Rhee, Tracy Anton, Mark Sklansky, Maryam Tarsa, Gary Satou, Anita J Moon-Grady
Prenatal diagnosis of critical congenital heart disease (CHD) is associated with decreased morbidity. It is also associated with lower birth weights and earlier gestational age at delivery. The University of California Fetal Consortium (UCfC) comprises five tertiary medical centers, and was created to define treatment practices. We utilized this consortium to assess delivery patterns and outcomes in subjects with prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of CHD. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on maternal-neonatal pairs diagnosed with complex CHD prenatally (n = 186) and postnatally (n = 110) from 2011 to 2013...
January 11, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077509/the-basic-approach-a-single-centre-experience-with-a-cost-reducing-model-for-paediatric-cardiac-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#16
Massimo A Padalino, Chiara Tessari, Alvise Guariento, Anna C Frigo, Vladimiro L Vida, Andrea Marcolongo, Fabio Zanella, Michael J Harvey, Ravi R Thiagarajan, Giovanni Stellin
OBJECTIVES: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a lifesaving but expensive therapy in terms of financial, technical and human resources. We report our experience with a 'basic' ECMO support model, consisting of ECMO initiated and managed without the constant presence of a bedside specialist, to assess safety, clinical outcomes and financial impact on our health system. METHODS: We did a retrospective single-centre study of paediatric cardiac ECMO between January 2001 and March 2014...
January 10, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077347/translating-e-mental-health-into-practice-what-are-the-barriers-and-enablers-to-e-mental-health-implementation-by-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-professionals
#17
James Bennett-Levy, Judy Singer, Simon DuBois, Kelly Hyde
BACKGROUND: With increasing evidence for the effectiveness of e-mental health interventions for enhancing mental health and well-being, a growing challenge is how to translate promising research findings into service delivery contexts. A 2012 e-mental health initiative by the Australian Federal Government (eMHPrac) has sought to address the issue through several strategies, one of which has been to train different health professional workforces in e-mental health (e-MH). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report on the barriers and enablers of e-MH uptake in a cohort of predominantly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health professionals (21 Indigenous, 5 non-Indigenous) who occupied mainly support or case management roles within their organizations...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077129/hypoglycemic-and-pancreatic-protective-effects-of-portulaca-oleracea-extract-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rats
#18
Basma K Ramadan, Mona F Schaalan, Amina M Tolba
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a major public health concern. In spite of continuous new drug development to treat diabetes, herbal remedies remain a potential adjunct therapy to maintain better glycemic control while also imparting few side-effects. Portulaca oleracea has been traditionally used to manage several diseases due to the anti-oxidant and anti-atherogenic effects it imparts. To better understand the mechanisms associated with potential protective effect of P. oleracea extract against diabetes, alloxan-induced diabetic rats were used in this study...
January 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077108/wasting-underweight-and-stunting-among-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-presenting-at-mulago-hospital-uganda
#19
Anthony Batte, Peter Lwabi, Sulaiman Lubega, Sarah Kiguli, Kennedy Otwombe, Lucy Chimoyi, Violette Nabatte, Charles Karamagi
BACKGROUND: Children with congenital heart disease are at increased risk of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of wasting, underweight and stunting among children with congenital heart disease attending Mulago National Referral Hospital, Uganda. METHODS: A cross-sectional study among 194 children aged 0-15 years was conducted between August 2013 and March 2014. Anthropometric measurements and clinical assessments were carried out on all children...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076984/percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-body-weight-loss-and-survival-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-population-based-registry-study
#20
Antonio Fasano, Nicola Fini, Diana Ferraro, Laura Ferri, Marco Vinceti, Jessica Mandrioli
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) insertion, and its timing, on ALS survival, and to study prognostic factors of survival before and after PEG placement in a population-based setting. METHODS: In this observational population-based, registry study, we enrolled patients with newly- diagnosed ALS, according to the El Escorial revised criteria, who were resident in the Emilia Romagna Region, and who developed severe dysphagia needing enteral nutritional support...
January 11, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
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