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Weight Management

Tian Xie, Meie Wang, Chao Su, Weiping Chen
Soils provide the service of attenuating and detoxifying pollutants. Such ability, natural attenuation capacity (NAC), is one of the most important ecosystem services for urban soils. We improved the ecosystem-service performance index (EPX) model by integrating with entropy weight determination method to evaluate the NAC of residential soils in Beijing. Eleven parameters related to the soil process of pollutants fate and transport were selected and 115 residential soil samples were collected. The results showed that bulk density, microbial functional diversity and soil organic matter had high weights in the NAC evaluation...
March 17, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Roberto Pizzolotto, Antonio Mazzei, Teresa Bonacci, Stefano Scalercio, Nino Iannotta, Pietro Brandmayr
The impact of agricultural practices and soil management on the communities of arthropods living in the agricultural landscape is acknowledged as a critical issue by the literature, and it needs to be better investigated to improve the ecological sustainability of agriculture. In the present study, we aimed to study how soil management affect carabid species distribution in one of the most typical agroecosystem of the Mediterranean region, i.e. the olive grove. In South Italy olive plantations feature different types of soil management, from tillage to half- or full-cover cropping...
2018: PloS One
Sebastian Povlsen, Bo Povlsen
The diagnosis of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) has long been a controversial and challenging one. Despite common presentations with pain in the neck and upper extremity, there are a host of presenting patterns that can vary within and between the subdivisions of neurogenic, venous, and arterial TOS. Furthermore, there is a plethora of differential diagnoses, from peripheral compressive neuropathies, to intrinsic shoulder pathologies, to pathologies at the cervical spine. Depending on the subdivision of TOS suspected, diagnostic investigations are currently of varying importance, necessitating high dependence on good history taking and clinical examination...
March 20, 2018: Diagnostics
Basant Kumar, Vijai Dutta Upadhyaya, Sandeep Kumar Rahul, Laxmi Kant Bharti, Ram Nawal Rao, Sheo Kumar
Background: To analyse our experience with acute presentations of abdominal tuberculosis (TB) in children for early diagnosis and management. Materials and Methods: From December 2010 to April 2016, available electronic and operation theatre (OT) records of 17 patients with confirmed diagnosis of abdominal TB were analysed retrospectively. Parameters reviewed were age, sex, presentations, diagnostic investigations, surgery/intervention performed, final outcome and follow-up...
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Kenrick Ng, Sarah Duncan, Jonathan Shamash, Constantine Alifrangis
The treatment of poor prognosis chemotherapy naïve or relapsed testicular cancer is challenging. In poor prognosis treatment naïve disease, the outlook for patients with standard approaches utilising three weekly cisplatin based regimens, most commonly bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin (BEP) is suboptimal, and one can expect more than half of patients to relapse or progress and need salvage treatment. Recent randomised studies have lent weight to the use of dose intensified treatments in these selected patient groups...
March 21, 2018: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
Sylvia L Crowder, Katherine G Douglas, M Yanina Pepino, Kalika P Sarma, Anna E Arthur
PURPOSE: It is estimated that more than 90% of head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors who underwent chemoradiotherapy experience one or more nutrition impact symptoms (NIS) in the months or years thereafter. Despite the high prevalence, there is limited research addressing long-term impact of NIS on outcomes such as nutrition and quality of life in HNC survivors treated with chemoradiotherapy. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: The prevalence and consequences of nutrition impact symptoms are substantial among head and neck cancer survivors beyond the acute phase of cancer treatment...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Gesa Cohrs, Monika Huhndorf, Nils Niemczyk, Lukas J Volz, Alexander Bernsmeier, Ash Singhal, Naomi Larsen, Michael Synowitz, Friederike Knerlich-Lukoschus
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a sensitive imaging tool which lacks the burden of ionizing radiation. It is not established as primary diagnostic tool in traumatic brain injury (TBI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of MRI as initial imaging modality in the emergency management of mild pediatric TBI. METHODS: Children (0-18 years, sub-divided in four age-groups) with mild TBI who received MRI in the emergency department were identified...
March 19, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Ahmad M Radaideh, Ziad A Audat, Abdullah A Saleh
BACKGROUND Fractures of the talus are uncommon injuries that usually involve the talar neck, rather than the talar body. This report is of a rare case of combined left talar neck fracture and adjacent joint dislocation with an ipsilateral bimalleolar ankle fracture. CASE REPORT A 37-year-old man presented with an injury to his left foot following a motor vehicle accident. When he presented to the hospital emergency department, his left foot and ankle were swollen, the overlying skin was intact but badly contused, and there was no neurovascular deficit...
March 20, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Elizabeth Prout Parks, Reneé H Moore, Ziyi Li, Chanelle T Bishop-Gilyard, Andrew R Garrett, Douglas L Hill, Yasmeen P Bruton, David B Sarwer
BACKGROUND: Severe obesity in adolescents has deleterious physical and psychological complications necessitating frequent multi-disciplinary clinic visits. Greater treatment engagement has been equated with weight-loss. However, traditional medical weight-loss programs for adolescents have high attrition rates. Social media is widely used by adolescents and may enhance medical weight management engagement and success. OBJECTIVE: The first objective was to examine the acceptability and feasibility of using a private social media group as an adjunct to medical weight management in youth ages 14 to 20 years with severe obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 35 kg/m2]...
March 19, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Xiaofei Li, Gang Xu, Wenjin Xie, Shengshan Ma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of dexamethasone versus placebo for pain control in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: The electronic databases include PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from inception to February, 2018. Two reviewers abstracted visual analogue scale (VAS), total narcotic use, length of stay, and adverse effects. Data were using fixed-effects or random-effects models with weighted mean differences and odds ratio for continuous and dichotomous variables, respectively...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Zhi-Peng Wu, Pei Zhang, Jian-Zhong Bai, Yuan Liang, Peng-Tao Chen, Jin-Shan He, Jing-Cheng Wang
BACKGROUND: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a usefully surgical procedure to correct the malalignment and delay the progression of osteoarthritis. It is still controversy whether navigation system can offer more accuracy of targeted alignment and achieve better clinical outcomes than conventional method. The purpose of present meta-analysis was to investigate whether navigation system was superior to conventional method with regard to clinical and radiographic outcomes. METHOD: The included studies compared the clinical and radiographic outcomes between navigated HTO group and conventional group...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
J A McDougall, C G Helmick, S S Lim, J M Johnston, J R Gaddy, C Gordon, E D Ferucci
Objectives The objective of this study is to investigate differences in the diagnosis and management of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) by primary care and specialist physicians in a population-based registry. Methods This study includes individuals from the 2009 Indian Health Service lupus registry population with a diagnosis of SLE documented by either a primary care provider or specialist. SLE classification criteria, laboratory testing, and medication use at any time during the course of disease were determined by medical record abstraction...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
Anupam Goel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Fred Stephen Sarfo, Linda M Mobula, Gilbert Burnham, Daniel Ansong, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Osei Sarfo-Kantanka, David Ofori-Adjei
BACKGROUND: The burden of uncontrolled hypertension in Low-and-Middle Income Countries (LMICs) is high, with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and chronic renal failure in these settings. OBJECTIVE: To assess the factors associated with uncontrolled blood pressure control in a cross-section of Ghanaian hypertensive subjects involved in an on-going multicenter epidemiological study aimed at improving access to hypertension treatment. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 2,870 participants with hypertension with or without diabetes who were enrolled at 5 hospitals in Ghana (2 tertiary, 2 district and 1 rural hospital)...
2018: PloS One
Juliana Miron Vani, Maria Tereza Ferreira Duenhas Monreal, Sarah Alves Auharek, Andréa Luiza Cunha-Laura, Eduardo José de Arruda, Alessandra Ramos Lima, Cicera Maria da Silva, Andréia Conceição Milan Brochado Antoniolli-Silva, Dênis Pires de Lima, Adilson Beatriz, Rodrigo Juliano Oliveira
Dengue fever, chikungunya fever and Zika virus are epidemics in Brazil that are transmitted by mosquitoes, such as Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus. The liquid from shells of cashew nuts is attractive for its important biological and therapeutic activities, which include toxicity to mosquitoes of the genus Aedes. The present study evaluated the effects of a mixture of surfactants from natural cashew nutshell liquid and castor oil (named TaLCC-20) on the mortality of larvae and on the reproductive performance, embryonic and fetal development and genetic stability of Swiss mice...
2018: PloS One
Yue-Mei Jin, Shan-Shan Liu, Jun Chen, Yan-Nan Chen, Chen-Chen Ren
OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer (CC) continues to be a global burden for women, with higher incidence and mortality rates reported annually. Many countries have witnessed a dramatic reduction in the prevalence of CC due to widely accessed robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH). This network meta-analysis aims to compare intraoperative and postoperative outcomes in way of RRH, laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LTH) and open radical hysterectomy (ORH) in the treatment of early-stage CC. METHODS: A comprehensive search of PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMBASE databases was performed from inception to June 2016...
2018: PloS One
Payal Malhotra, Sandeep Jain, Gauri Kapoor
BACKGROUND: Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare, yet important complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) therapy, associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Paucity of data from India prompted us to report our experience with CSVT over a period of 17 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 500 consecutive ALL patients, below 18 year of age, treated between January 1998 and December 2014, who developed symptomatic CVST...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Mark W H Hiew, Aubrey N Baird, Peter D Constable
OBJECTIVE To characterize signalment, clinical signs, reproductive history, surgical management, and outcomes of beef cattle undergoing cesarean section because of dystocia at a veterinary teaching hospital. DESIGN Retrospective case series with nested cohort study. ANIMALS 173 beef cattle admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital from 2001 through 2010 that underwent cesarean section because of dystocia. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed and information collected on cattle signalment; reproductive history; cause of dystocia; anesthetic protocol; surgical management; number, sex, and body weight of calves delivered (alive or dead); perioperative treatment; duration of hospitalization; and discharge status...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Veronica Fassio, Sherrie L Aspinall, Xinhua Zhao, Donald R Miller, Jasvinder A Singh, Chester B Good, Francesca E Cunningham
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence and incidence of opioid and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use before and since the start of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Opioid Safety Initiative (OSI) and to assess rates of adverse events (AEs). STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort study. METHODS: The OSI began in August 2012 and was fully implemented by the end of fiscal year (FY) 2013. The study timeframe was categorized into baseline (FY 2011-2012), transition (FY 2013), and postimplementation (FY 2014-2015) phases...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
Sevgi Buyukbese Sarsu, Aydin Budeyri
INTRODUCTION: Previously, the majority of wars were fought on remote battlefields between opposing armies due to conflicts preventing civilians from sustaining war-related burn injuries (WRBI). In recent years, WRBI has had a tremendous harmful impact on the pediatric population. This study aimed to investigate the demographics, causes, mechanisms of burns, surgical procedures, the major and minor risk factors affecting mortality, and outcomes of pediatric WRBI amidst the Syrian refugees and the Turkey neighborhood population, treated at our Burn Center...
March 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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