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Psychological assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341236/induced-earthquakes-from-long-term-gas-extraction-in-groningen-the-netherlands-statistical-analysis-and-prognosis-for-acceptable-risk-regulation
#1
Charles Vlek
Recently, growing earthquake activity in the northeastern Netherlands has aroused considerable concern among the 600,000 provincial inhabitants. There, at 3 km deep, the rich Groningen gas field extends over 900 km2 and still contains about 600 of the original 2,800 billion cubic meters (bcm). Particularly after 2001, earthquakes have increased in number, magnitude (M, on the logarithmic Richter scale), and damage to numerous buildings. The man-made nature of extraction-induced earthquakes challenges static notions of risk, complicates formal risk assessment, and questions familiar conceptions of acceptable risk...
January 16, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340244/an-exploratory-study-of-adolescent-response-to-fluoxetine-using-psychological-and-biological-predictors
#2
Ada H Zohar, Tamar Eilat, Maya Amitai, Michal Taler, Romi Bari, Alon Chen, Alan Apter, Avraham Weizman, Silvana Fennig
Background: Not enough is known about predicting therapeutic response to serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitors, and specifically to fluoxetine. This exploratory study used psychological and biological markers for (retrospective) prediction of treatment-response to fluoxetine in depressed and/or anxious adolescents. Methods: Forty-one consecutive adolescent outpatients with a primary diagnosis of severe affective and/or anxiety disorders were assessed and treated with an open-label 8-week trial of fluoxetine...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340154/the-impact-of-sepsis-delirium-and-psychological-distress-on-self-rated-cognitive-function-in-icu-survivors-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Emily Brück, Anna Schandl, Matteo Bottai, Peter Sackey
Background: Many intensive care unit (ICU) survivors develop psychological problems and cognitive impairment. The relation between sepsis, delirium, and later cognitive problems is not fully elucidated, and the impact of psychological symptoms on cognitive function is poorly studied in ICU survivors. The primary aim of this study was to examine the relationship between sepsis, ICU delirium, and later self-rated cognitive function. A second aim was to investigate the association between psychological problems and self-rated cognitive function 3 months after the ICU stay...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339938/understanding-cancer-survivors-information-needs-and-information-seeking-behaviors-for-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-from-short-to-long-term-survival-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Lou Ann Scarton, Guilherme Del Fiol, Ingrid Oakley-Girvan, Bryan Gibson, Robert Logan, T Elizabeth Workman
Objective: The research examined complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) information-seeking behaviors and preferences from short- to long-term cancer survival, including goals, motivations, and information sources. Methods: A mixed-methods approach was used with cancer survivors from the "Assessment of Patients' Experience with Cancer Care" 2004 cohort. Data collection included a mail survey and phone interviews using the critical incident technique (CIT)...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338989/relations-between-self-reported-and-linguistic-monitoring-assessments-of-affective-experience-in-an-extreme-environment
#5
Nathan Smith
INTRODUCTION: Approaches for monitoring psychosocial health in challenging environments are needed to maintain the performance and safety of personnel. The purpose of the present research was to examine the relationship between 2 candidate methods (self-reported and linguistics) for monitoring affective experience during extreme environment activities. METHODS: A single-subject repeated-measures design was used in the present work. The participant was a 46-year-old individual scheduled to complete a self-supported ski expedition across Arctic Greenland...
January 12, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338767/effect-of-exercise-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-or-no-intervention-on-anxiety-depression-fitness-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-previous-methamphetamine-dependency-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Linzette Morris, Jessica Stander, Wardah Ebrahim, Stephanie Eksteen, Orissa Anna Meaden, Ané Ras, Annemarie Wessels
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MA) is a highly addictive psychostimulant used by approximately 52 million people worldwide. Chronic MA abuse leads to detrimental physiological and neurological changes, as well as increases in anxiety and depression, and decreases in overall fitness and quality of life. Exercise has been reported to possibly reverse physiological and neurological damage caused by previous MA use, and to reduce anxiety and depression in this population. The aim of this systematic review was to identify, clinically appraise and synthesise the available evidence for the effectiveness of exercise, compared to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), standard care or no intervention, on decreasing anxiety and depression and improving fitness and quality of life in previous MA users...
January 16, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338699/assessing-predictors-of-intention-to-prescribe-sick-leave-among-primary-care-physicians-using-the-theory-of-planned-behaviour
#7
Yogarabindranath Swarna Nantha, Lei Hum Wee, Caryn Mei-Hsien Chan
BACKGROUND: Providing sickness certification is a decision that primary care physicians make on a daily basis. The majority of sickness certification studies in the literature involve a general assessment of physician or patient behaviour without the use of a robust psychological framework to guide research accuracy. To address this deficiency, this study utilized the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) to specifically gauge the intention and other salient predictors related to sickness certification prescribing behaviour amongst primary care physicians...
January 16, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338695/novel-sensing-technology-in-fall-risk-assessment-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#8
Ruopeng Sun, Jacob J Sosnoff
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major health problem for older adults with significant physical and psychological consequences. A first step of successful fall prevention is to identify those at risk of falling. Recent advancement in sensing technology offers the possibility of objective, low-cost and easy-to-implement fall risk assessment. The objective of this systematic review is to assess the current state of sensing technology on providing objective fall risk assessment in older adults. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in accordance to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement (PRISMA)...
January 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338602/sequential-drug-treatment-algorithm-for-agitation-and-aggression-in-alzheimer-s-and-mixed-dementia
#9
Simon Jc Davies, Amer M Burhan, Donna Kim, Philip Gerretsen, Ariel Graff-Guerrero, Vincent L Woo, Sanjeev Kumar, Sarah Colman, Bruce G Pollock, Benoit H Mulsant, Tarek K Rajji
INTRODUCTION: Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) include agitation and aggression in people with dementia. BPSD is common on inpatient psychogeriatric units and may prevent individuals from living at home or in residential/nursing home settings. Several drugs and non-pharmacological treatments have been shown to be effective in reducing behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. Algorithmic treatment may address the challenge of synthesizing this evidence-based knowledge...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338538/increased-nature-relatedness-and-decreased-authoritarian-political-views-after-psilocybin-for-treatment-resistant-depression
#10
Taylor Lyons, Robin L Carhart-Harris
RATIONALE: Previous research suggests that classical psychedelic compounds can induce lasting changes in personality traits, attitudes and beliefs in both healthy subjects and patient populations. AIM: Here we sought to investigate the effects of psilocybin on nature relatedness and libertarian-authoritarian political perspective in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). METHODS: This open-label pilot study with a mixed-model design studied the effects of psilocybin on measures of nature relatedness and libertarian-authoritarian political perspective in patients with moderate to severe TRD ( n=7) versus age-matched non-treated healthy control subjects ( n=7)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337831/the-acute-effects-of-a-caffeine-containing-supplement-on-anaerobic-power-and-subjective-measurements-of-fatigue-in-recreationally-active-males
#11
Chelsea J Hahn, Andrew R Jagim, Clayton L Camic, Matthew J Andre
Studies show mixed results for the effects of caffeine on performance, warranting further investigation. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of a caffeine-containing supplement on anaerobic power and subjective measurements of fatigue during resisted sprinting on males. Fourteen recreationally-active males [N=14; (mean±SD), age: 21.0±0.7 yrs., height: 178.5±5.1 cm, weight: 77.3±9.6 kg, percent body fat: 12.6±4.8%] participated in a double-blind, placebo controlled, within-subjects crossover design study...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336859/effectiveness-of-chemotherapy-counselling-on-self-esteem-and-psychological-affects-among-cancer-patients-in-malaysia-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Sherina Mohd-Sidik, Mehrnoosh Akhtari-Zavare, Ummavathy Periasamy, Lekhraj Rampal, Siti Irma Fadhilah, Rozi Mahmud
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to implement and evaluate the outcomes of chemotherapy counselling based on the "Managing Patients on Chemotherapy" module on self-esteem and psychological affect (anxiety, depression) of cancer patients by pharmacists in ten selected government hospitals in Peninsular Malaysia. METHODS: A randomized control trial was conducted among 2120 cancer patients from April 2016 to January 2017 in ten selected government hospitals in Peninsular Malaysia...
January 5, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336603/comparison-of-unlicensed-and-off-label-use-of-antipsychotics-prescribed-to-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-outpatients-for-treatment-of-mental-and-behavioral-disorders-with-different-guidelines-the-china-food-and-drug-administration-versus-the-fda
#13
Xiuqing Zhu, Jinqing Hu, Bin Sun, Shuhua Deng, Yuguan Wen, Weijia Chen, Chang Qiu, Dewei Shang, Ming Zhang
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the prevalence of unlicensed and off-label use of antipsychotics among child and adolescent psychiatric outpatients with guidelines proposed by the China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and to identify factors associated with inconsistencies between the two regulations. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 29,326 drug prescriptions for child and adolescent outpatients from the Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University was conducted...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336189/depression-sexual-satisfaction-and-other-psychological-issues-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#14
Angelika Stapinska-Syniec, Klaudia Grabowska, Monika Szpotanska-Sikorska, Bronislawa Pietrzak
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) increases the risk of depression, poor quality of life, and low sexual satisfaction of women. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of these disorders and to assess the need for psychological consultation at the time of PCOS diagnosis. A case-control single-center study of 250 women who were diagnosed with PCOS voluntarily filled in an anonymous, interactive questionnaire. The inquiry form included 27 questions covering the woman's characteristics, satisfaction with their outer appearance and sexual life, as well as the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
January 16, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336103/staff-preparedness-for-providing-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-in-long-term-care-homes-instrument-development-and-validation
#15
Helen Yl Chan, Gloria Km Chun, C W Man, Edward Mf Leung
AIM: Although much attention has been on integrating the palliative care approach into services of long-term care homes for older people living with frailty and progressive diseases, little is known about the staff preparedness for these new initiatives. The present study aimed to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument for measuring care home staff preparedness in providing palliative and end-of-life care. METHODS: A 16-item instrument, covering perceived knowledge, skill and psychological readiness, was developed...
January 16, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335232/smartphone-app-using-mindfulness-meditation-for-women-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-memphis-protocol-for-a-randomized-feasibility-trial
#16
Elizabeth Ball, Sian Newton, Brennan C Kahan, Gordon Forbes, Neil Wright, Clara Cantalapiedra Calvete, Harry A L Gibson, Ewelina Rogozinska, Carol Rivas, Stephanie J C Taylor, Judy Birch, Julie Dodds
BACKGROUND: Female chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is defined as intermittent or constant pelvic or lower abdominal pain occurring in a woman for at least 6 months. Up to a quarter of women are estimated to be affected by CPP worldwide and it is responsible for one fifth of specialist gynecological referrals in the United Kingdom. Psychological interventions are commonly utilized. As waiting times and funding capacity impede access to face-to-face consultations, supported self-management (SSM) has emerged as a viable alternative...
January 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334880/variability-in-clinical-outcomes-for-youths-treated-for-subthreshold-severe-mental-disorders-at-an-early-intervention-service
#17
Shane P Cross, Jan L Scott, Daniel F Hermens, Ian B Hickie
OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the longitudinal clinical and functional outcomes of young people receiving early intervention services for subthreshold manifestations of severe mental disorders at a youth mental health service in Sydney, Australia. METHODS: The six-month, prospective, longitudinal study collected data on clinical outcomes of 243 young people treated for subsyndromal presentations of putative major mental disorders. Reliable change index scores and effect sizes were calculated to compare results at baseline, three months, and six months for measures of symptoms (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale [BPRS]), psychological distress (Kessler 10 [K10]), and social functioning (Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale [SOFAS])...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334694/home-alone-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-effects-of-individual-housing-on-body-weight-food-intake-and-visceral-fat-mass-in-rodents
#18
REVIEW
L Schipper, L Harvey, E M van der Beek, G van Dijk
Rats and mice are widely used to study environmental effects on psychological and metabolic health. Study designs differ widely and are often characterized by varying (social) housing conditions. In itself, housing has a profound influence on physiology and behaviour of rodents, affecting energy balance and sustainable metabolic health. However, evidence for potential long-term consequences of individual versus social housing on body weight and metabolic phenotype is inconsistent. We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analyses assessing effects of individual versus social housing of rats and mice, living under well-accepted laboratory conditions, on measures of metabolic health, including body weight, food intake and visceral adipose tissue mass...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334638/the-effectiveness-of-physical-exercise-on-cognitive-and-psychological-outcomes-in-individuals-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Dan Song, Doris S F Yu, Polly W C Li, Yang Lei
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at high risk for developing dementia. Physical exercise is a promising intervention for cognitive decline. Systematic reviews regarding the effects of physical exercise on cognitive and psychological outcomes among MCI patients are limited, and a systematic review exploring the effects of exercise modalities on the results has not been conducted. This study evaluated the effects of physical exercise on cognitive and psychological outcomes for MCI patients and attempted to identify which specific modality of exercise is more effective...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334283/effects-of-an-exercise-program-on-the-physiological-biological-and-psychological-profiles-in-patients-with-mood-disorders-a-pilot-study
#20
Mario Leone, Daniel Lalande, Linda Thériault, Émilia Kalinova, Audrey Fortin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the impact of an 8-week physical training program on physiological, biological and psychological profiles in individual with mood disorders. METHODS: Seven patients participated in the study. Patients were trained twice weekly (75 min/session) for 8 weeks. The training program aimed to improve muscular and cardiorespiratory reserves as well as functional capacity. Bioassays were also measured (lipid profile, blood glucose and cortisol)...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
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