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Psychological assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098955/the-impact-of-childhood-cancer-perceptions-of-adult-survivors
#1
Victoria W Willard, James L Klosky, Chenghong Li, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Tara M Brinkman, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Sean Phipps
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to describe perceptions and associated risk factors of the impact of cancer on functional outcomes, including social relationships, exercise, finances, and religion, among adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Evaluable participants included 3001 adult survivors (mean age, 32.5 years; range, 18.3-63.8 years; 24.1 years from diagnosis; 50.8% male; 84.9% Caucasian) who were enrolled in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort study...
January 18, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098176/comorbid-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-its-association-with-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Yongjie Zhou, Zhongqiang Cao, Mei Yang, Xiaoyan Xi, Yiyang Guo, Maosheng Fang, Lijuan Cheng, Yukai Du
The comorbidity of major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is common and often predicts poorer outcomes than either disorder alone. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of comorbid GAD and its association with quality of life (QOL) among MDD patients. A total of 1225 psychiatric outpatients were screened using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Those who scored ≥8 on the HADS were interviewed using DSM-IV criteria by two senior psychiatrists. Patients diagnosed with MDD were further assessed using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire, Social Support Rating Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and World Health Organization QOL Scale, brief version (WHOQOL-BREF)...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097876/the-relationship-of-perfectionism-with-psychological-symptoms-in-cancer-patients-and-the-contributing-role-of-hyperarousability-and-coping
#3
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Josée Savard, Lisa-Maria Slim, Renée-Claude Roy, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt, Hans Ivers
OBJECTIVE: Significant levels of anxiety, depression and insomnia symptoms are found in cancer patients. Perfectionism, arousability and coping have been associated with these psychological symptoms in the general population but their role among cancer patients remains to be assessed. This study examined the longitudinal relationships between perfectionism and psychological symptoms (anxiety, depression, insomnia), and the intermediate role of the arousability trait and coping strategies...
January 18, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097606/colorado-medical-students-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-marijuana
#4
Michael H Chan, Christopher E Knoepke, Madeline L Cole, James McKinnon, Daniel D Matlock
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, state and local governments across the U.S. have been increasingly reforming marijuana laws. Despite growing support for marijuana as a medical treatment, little is known about medical students' perceptions of marijuana use. OBJECTIVE: To assess Colorado medical students' personal and professional opinions on current and future marijuana use in a healthcare setting. DESIGN: A voluntary, anonymous, online cross-sectional survey...
January 17, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096637/prevalence-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-among-indian-fertile-females
#5
Vineet V Mishra, Sakshi Nanda, Bhumika Vyas, Rohina Aggarwal, Sumesh Choudhary, Suwa Ram Saini
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is described as difficulty experienced by a female during any stage of a normal sexual activity including physical pleasure, desire, arousal, or orgasm. There are various factors responsible for FSD including psychological status of a person, gynecological or medical problems, long use of certain drugs, and social beliefs. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and various factors associated with FSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design - This study design was a cross-sectional observational study conducted at Tertiary Care Centre, in Ahmedabad from June 2015 to March 2016...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#6
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096002/factors-influencing-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#7
Sun-A Park, Seung Hyun Chung, Youngjin Lee
The present study aimed to determine the predictors of quality of life (QOL) of patients with advanced cancer. A cross-sectional study involving 494 patients with advanced cancer was conducted using the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form, the Karnofsky Performance Status Scale, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (Korean version), and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core 30. Regression analyses showed that physical and psychological symptoms significantly predicted the patients' QOL and explained 28...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095431/hair-measurements-of-cortisol-dhea-and-dhea-to-cortisol-ratio-as-biomarkers-of-chronic-stress-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-china-known-group-validation
#8
Shan Qiao, Xiaoming Li, Samuele Zilioli, Zheng Chen, Huihua Deng, Juxian Pan, Weigui Guo
BACKGROUND: Existing literature suggests that endocrine measures, including the steroid hormones of cortisol and Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), as well as the DHEA to cortisol ratio in the human hair can be used as promising biomarkers of chronic stress among humans. However, data are limited regarding the validity of these measures as biomarkers of chronic stress among people living with HIV (PLWH), whose endocrine system or hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis may be affected by HIV infection and/or antiretroviral therapy (ART) medications...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095344/concordance-between-maternal-recall-of-birth-complications-and-data-from-obstetrical-records
#9
Kate Keenan, Alison Hipwell, Rose McAloon, Amy Hoffmann, Arpita Mohanty, Kelsey Magee
BACKGROUND: Prenatal complications are associated with poor outcomes in the offspring. Access to medical records is limited in the United States and investigators often rely on maternal report of prenatal complications. STUDY DESIGN AND AIMS: We tested concordance between maternal recall and birth records in a community-based sample of mothers participating in a longitudinal study in order to determine the accuracy of maternal recall of perinatal complications. SUBJECTS: Participants were 151 biological mothers, who were interviewed about gestational age at birth, birthweight, and the most commonly occurring birth complications: nuchal cord and meconium aspiration when the female child was on average 6years old, and for whom birth records were obtained...
January 14, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095254/maternal-psychological-distress-during-pregnancy-does-not-increase-the-risk-for-adverse-birth-outcomes
#10
Aleksandra Staneva, Alina Morawska, Fiona Bogossian, Anja Wittkowski
Maternal psychological distress during pregnancy is a potential risk factor for various birth complications. This study aimed to explore psychological factors associated with adverse birth outcomes. Symptoms of psychological distress, individual characteristics, and medical complications were assessed at two time points antenatally in 285 women from Australia and New Zealand; birth outcomes were assessed postpartum, between January 2014 and September 2015. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the relation of psychological distress to adverse birth outcomes...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095209/psychological-factors-influence-the-overlap-syndrome-in-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-fgids-among-middle-aged-women-in-south-korea
#11
Seung-Ho Jang, Han-Seung Ryu, Suck-Chei Choi, Hye-Jin Lee, Sang-Yeol Lee
This study investigated psychological factors related to the overlap syndrome i.e., multiple gastrointestinal conditions that are part of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) in the same individual and potentially related to quality of life (QOL) among women aged 45-60 years (n = 627) in South Korea. The study was undertaken between July 2014 and March 2015. Depressive and anxiety symptoms were ascertained using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), respectively...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095007/personality-and-behavior-prediction-and-consistency-across-cultures-a-multimethod-study-of-blacks-and-whites-in-south-africa
#12
Velichko H Fetvadjiev, Deon Meiring, Fons J R van de Vijver, J Alewyn Nel, Lusanda Sekaja, Sumaya Laher
The cross-cultural universality of behavior's consistency and predictability from personality, assumed in trait models though challenged in cultural psychological models, has usually been operationalized in terms of beliefs and perceptions, and assessed using single-instance self-reports. In a multimethod study of actual behavior across a range of situations, we examined predictability and consistency in participants from the more collectivistic Black ethnic group and the more individualistic White group in South Africa...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095004/correction-to-mandel-et-al-2015
#13
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Self-critical perfectionism and depressive and anxious symptoms over 4 years: The mediating role of daily stress reactivity" by Tobey Mandel, David M. Dunkley and Molly Moroz (Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2015[Oct], Vol 62[4], 703-717). (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2015-32534-001.) This study of 150 community adults examined heightened emotional reactivity to daily stress as a mediator in the relationships between self-critical (SC) perfectionism and depressive and anxious symptoms over a period of 4 years...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094430/comparison-of-sleep-quality-and-sleepiness-in-patients-operated-for-pituitary-adenoma-and-in-healthy-individuals
#14
Nail Caglar Temiz, Yunus Kacar, Royal Mehdiyev, Mehmet Can Ezgu, Omer Karakoc
AIM: To investigate whether sleep quality and sleepiness of patients who undergo surgery for pituitary adenomas differ from healthy individuals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-four patients who were operated for pituitary adenomas and 44 healthy individuals, 88 people in total, were evaluated by a questionnaire. All questionnaires and scales were made by the same researcher without the name of the participant in order to maintain consistency. Statistical analyzes were done with SPSS for Windows 23...
December 14, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094208/multidisciplinary-assessment-of-post-ebola-sequelae-in-guinea-postebogui-an-observational-cohort-study
#15
Jean-François Etard, Mamadou Saliou Sow, Sandrine Leroy, Abdoulaye Touré, Bernard Taverne, Alpha Kabinet Keita, Philippe Msellati, N'Fally Magassouba, Sylvain Baize, Hervé Raoul, Suzanne Izard, Cécé Kpamou, Laura March, Ibrahima Savane, Moumié Barry, Eric Delaporte
BACKGROUND: The high number of survivors from the 2013-16 west African outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) has raised several new issues: long-term clinical complications, psychosocial consequences, risks of EVD reactivation, and secondary transmission due to viral persistence in body fluids. We aimed to assess long-term clinical, psychosocial, and viral outcomes in EVD survivors in Guinea. METHODS: In this multidisciplinary observational cohort study, we recruited patients aged 1 year or more in four sites in Guinea (Donka National Hospital, Conakry; Macenta Prefectoral Hospital, Macenta; N'zérékoré Regional Hospital, N'zérékoré; and Forécariah Prefectoral Hospital, Forécariah) following discharge from any Ebola treatment centre in Guinea...
January 13, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093938/capacity-and-consent
#16
Scott Lamont, Cameron Stewart, Mary Chiarella
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare practitioners have a legal, ethical and professional obligation to obtain patient consent for all healthcare treatments. There is increasing evidence which suggests dissonance and variation in practice in assessment of decision-making capacity and consent processes. AIMS: This study explores healthcare practitioners' knowledge and practices of assessing decision-making capacity and obtaining patient consent to treatment in the acute generalist setting...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093300/surgeon-as-the-second-victim-results-of-the-boston-intraoperative-adverse-events-surgeons-attitude-bisa-study
#17
Kelsey Han, Jordan Bohnen, Thomas Peponis, Myriam Martinez, Anirudh Nandan, Daniel D Yeh, Jarone Lee, Marc Demoya, George Velmahos, Haytham Ma Kaafarani
BACKGROUND: An intraoperative adverse event (iAE) is often directly attributable to the surgeon's technical error and/or suboptimal intraoperative judgment. We aimed to examine the psychological impact of iAEs on surgeons as well as the surgeons' attitude regarding iAE reporting. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a web-based cross-sectional survey of all surgeons at three major teaching hospitals of the same university. The 29-item questionnaire was developed using a systematic closed and open approach focused on assessing the surgeons' 1) personal account of iAE incidence, 2) emotional response to iAEs, 3) available support systems and 4) perspective regarding the barriers to iAE reporting...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093054/impact-of-psychological-stress-on-pain-perception-in-an-animal-model-of-endometriosis
#18
Siomara Hernandez, Myrella L Cruz, Inevy I Seguinot, Annelyn Torres-Reveron, Caroline B Appleyard
PURPOSE: Pain in patients with endometriosis is considered a significant source of stress but does not always correlate with severity of the condition. We have demonstrated that stress can worsen endometriosis in an animal model. Here, we tested the impact of a psychological stress protocol on pain thresholds and pain receptors. METHODS: Endometriosis was induced in female rats by suturing uterine horn tissue next to the intestinal mesentery. Sham rats had sutures only...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092194/maladaptive-perfectionism-as-mediator-among-psychological-control-eating-disorders-and-exercise-dependence-symptoms-in-habitual-exerciser
#19
Sebastiano Costa, Heather A Hausenblas, Patrizia Oliva, Francesca Cuzzocrea, Rosalba Larcan
Background and aims The current study examined the mediating role of maladaptive perfectionism among parental psychological control, eating disorder symptoms, and exercise dependence symptoms by gender in habitual exercisers. Methods Participants were 348 Italian exercisers (n = 178 men and n = 170 women; M age = 20.57, SD = 1.13) who completed self-report questionnaires assessing their parental psychological control, maladaptive perfectionism, eating disorder symptoms, and exercise dependence symptoms...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092106/a-randomised-controlled-trial-examining-the-effect-of-acupuncture-at-the-ex-hn3-yintang-point-on-pre-operative-anxiety-levels-in-neurosurgical-patients
#20
M D Wiles, J Mamdani, M Pullman, J C Andrzejowski
Pre-operative anxiety is an unpleasant state of psychological distress that occurs in up to 87% of patients awaiting neurosurgical procedures. Sedative medication is undesirable in this population due to the need for early postoperative neurological assessment. Acupuncture has previously been shown to reduce pre-operative anxiety, but studies involving neurosurgical patients are lacking. This single-centre, prospective, randomised controlled trial was designed to determine the effect of acupuncture at the EX-HN3 (Yintang point) on pre-operative anxiety levels in neurosurgical patients...
January 16, 2017: Anaesthesia
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