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Biometry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540363/body-weight-and-scrotal-testicular-biometry-in-three-indigenous-breeds-of-bucks-in-arid-and-semiarid-agroecologies-ethiopia
#1
Amare Eshetu Gemeda, Kefelegn Workalemahu
The body weight and testicular and epididymal parameters of Afar, Long-eared Somali (LES), and Woyto-Guji (WG) breeds of goat were investigated. A total of 405 randomly selected bucks of Afar (n = 135), Long-eared Somali (n = 135), and Woyto-Guji (n = 135) were included in this study. The overall mean scrotal circumference (SC), testicular volume (TV), testicular length (TL), testicular weight (TW), body weight (BW), epididymal weight (EW), body condition score, and testicular diameter (TD) measurements in all bucks were 20...
2017: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532936/intraoperative-aberrometry-versus-preoperative-biometry-for-intraocular-lens-power-selection-in-axial-myopia
#2
Darren C Hill, Shruti Sudhakar, Christopher S Hill, Tonya S King, Ingrid U Scott, Brett B Ernst, Seth M Pantanelli
PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of intraoperative wavefront aberrometry (ORA) and the Hill-radial basis function (RBF) formula with other formulas based on preoperative biometry in predicting residual refractive error after cataract surgery in eyes with axial myopia. SETTING: Private practice, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive case series. METHODS: Eyes with an axial length (AL) greater than 25...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488192/effects-of-dietary-green-tea-camellia-sinensis-l-supplementation-on-growth-performance-lipid-metabolism-and-antioxidant-status-in-a-sturgeon-hybrid-of-sterlet-huso-huso-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-acipenser-ruthenus-%C3%A2-fed-oxidized-fish-oil
#3
Soleiman Hasanpour, Amir Parviz Salati, Bahram Falahatkar, Hamid Mohammadi Azarm
Lipid content of diet is very susceptible to oxidation, especially when stored for a long time, so for evaluating protective effects of green tea in fish received oxidized oil, this study was done. Lipid content of diet was replaced by oxidized fish oil (OFO) in 0, 50, and 100%. Green tea extract (GTE) was added to diet in three levels, 0, 5, and 100 mg/kg giving a total of nine experimental diets. Two hundred and seventy sturgeon hybrid of Sterlet (Huso huso ♀ × Acipenser ruthenus ♂) with initial weight of 212...
May 10, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485827/correlation-between-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-maternal-visceral-adiposity-with-fetal-biometry-during-the-second-trimester
#4
Karina Rm Lopes, Alex Sandro R Souza, José N Figueiroa, João Guilherme B Alves
OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and maternal visceral adiposity with fetal biometry during the second trimester. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted among pregnant women who received prenatal care at a center in Recife, Brazil, between October 3, 2011, and September 27, 2013. Pre-pregnancy BMI was determined at the first prenatal care visit. Maternal visceral adiposity and fetal biometry were measured at the same ultrasonography session...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481655/young-adult-binge-drinkers-have-immunophenotypic-changes-in-peripheral-polymorphonuclear-cells-and-monocytes
#5
Adolfo Pérez-García, América Guadalupe Arroyo-Valerio, José Luis Zaldivar-Fujigaki, Mayra A Bustos-Esquivel, Alfonso Gastelum-Strozzi, Miguel A Padilla-Castañeda, Arturo Reding-Bernal, David Kershenobich, Joselín Hernández-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: High alcohol intake on weekends (binge drinking) is more frequent in young adults, who could undergo early liver damage. Alcohol-induced liver damage is characterized by polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) infiltration, which can be represented in the peripheral blood by altered trafficking and activation profiles. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the PMN trafficking and activation immunophenotypic profiles in people with a binge drinking pattern. METHODS: People with binge drinking (n = 18, 8 females) or at low risk (n = 16, 13 females) based on their AUDIT and HEPCA scores were studied...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464806/the-effect-of-ocular-biometric-factors-on-the-accuracy-of-various-iol-power-calculation-formulas
#6
Jinho Jeong, Han Song, Jimmy K Lee, Roy S Chuck, Ji-Won Kwon
BACKGROUND: To evaluate how differences in ocular biometry affects the Hoffer Q, Holladay 1, SRK/T, and Haigis intraocular lens power calculation formulae predictions. METHODS: This study was performed on 91 eyes of 91 patients who underwent uneventful cataract surgery. Ocular biometry values were measured using the IOL Master 500, and intraocular lens (IOL) power was calculated using the Haigis, Hoffer Q, Holladay 1, and SRK/T formulas. We calculated the expected difference (ED) of each 3rd generation formula from the Haigis formula by subtracting the predicted refraction of the Haigis formula from the predicted refraction of each 3rd generation formula...
May 2, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460665/luteal-dynamic-and-functionality-assessment-in-dairy-goats-by-luteal-blood-flow-luteal-biometry-and-hormonal-assay
#7
Mario Felipe A Balaro, Alex S Santos, Luiz Fernando G M Moura, Jeferson F Fonseca, Felipe Z Brandão
This study aimed to assess the luteal dynamics of pregnant and non-pregnant Saanen goats throughout an estrous cycle by B-mode and color Doppler ultrasonography (US) associated with a P4 hormonal assay. Furthermore, a cutoff point was chosen to determine the corpus luteum (CL) functionality by luteal biometry (LB) measurement and luteal blood flow (LBF) assessment. Ultrasound assessment was carried out daily throughout an entire estrous cycle (21 days) in 23 Saanen goats pre-synchronized and inseminated in the breeding season...
June 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460293/an-innovative-and-integrative-assay-for-toxicity-testing-using-individual-fish-embryos-application-to-oxazepam
#8
Philippine Granger Joly de Boissel, Patrice Gonzalez, Audrey Buleté, Guillemine Daffe, Christelle Clérandeau, Emmanuelle Vulliet, Jérôme Cachot
This paper describes the development of an integrative embryo-toxicity assay in Japanese medaka allowing analysis of several toxicological endpoints together in a same individual. In this assay, embryos are topically exposed, and survival, hatching success, malformations, biometry, behaviour, and target gene expression are subsequently analysed in each individual. This assay was applied to oxazepam, an anxiolytic pharmaceutical compound currently found in wastewater treatment plant effluent. Even if oxazepam accumulation in embryos was very low, it caused spinal and cardiac malformations, delayed growth, erratic swimming and deregulation of genes involved in apoptosis, DNA repair and mitochondrial metabolism...
April 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452133/blinded-ultrasonic-fetal-biometry-at-36-weeks-and-the-risk-of-emergency-caesarean-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-3-047-low-risk-nulliparous-women
#9
Ulla Sovio, Gordon C S Smith
OBJECTIVES: We studied the risk of emergency caesarean delivery (CD) using blinded ultrasonographic estimated fetal weight (EFW) at 36 weeks of gestational age (wkGA): (1) to compare the association for customised and non-customised EFW, (2) to determine whether adding ultrasonic EFW improved prediction based on maternal characteristics alone, and (3) to determine whether women at high predicted risk of emergency CD had higher risks of maternal and perinatal morbidity than other women...
April 28, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452092/prospective-assessment-of-the-intergrowth-21-and-who-estimated-fetal-weight-reference-curve
#10
Yvonne Kwun Yue Cheng, Jing Lu, Tak Yeung Leung, Yiu Man Chan, Daljit Singh Sahota
OBJECTIVES: To assess the suitability of the new INTERGROWTH-21 and WHO estimated fetal weight (EFW) references. METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional cohort study. Viable singleton pregnancies at 11-13 weeks were randomized to undergo a standardized fetal biometric scan after 20 weeks. EFW were predicted using both the Hadlock and INTERGROWTH-21 weight estimation models formulaes. Population specific EFW gestation references were constructed. Z-scores were used to compare the population specific reference against the two international size references, INTERGROWTH-21 and WHO...
April 28, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448513/outdoor-activity-and-myopia-progression-in-4-year-follow-up-of-chinese-primary-school-children-the-beijing-children-eye-study
#11
Yin Guo, Li Juan Liu, Ping Tang, Yan Yun Lv, Yi Feng, Liang Xu, Jost B Jonas
PURPOSE: To investigate factors associated with ocular axial elongation and myopia progression during a 4-year follow-up in primary school children in Beijing. METHODS: This school-based study included 382 grade-1 children at baseline in 2011 (age:6.3±0.4 years) with 305 (79.8%) returning for the follow-up examination in 2015. At baseline and in yearly follow-up examinations, the children underwent a comprehensive eye examination including auto-refractometry, ocular biometry with measurement of axial length, and fundus photography...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446167/evaluation-of-biometry-and-corneal-astigmatism-in-cataract-surgery-patients-from-central-china
#12
Ji-Guo Yu, Jie Zhong, Zhong-Ming Mei, Fang Zhao, Na Tao, Yi Xiang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the distribution of biometric parameters and corneal astigmatism using the IOLMaster device before phacoemulsification in cataract patients in Central China. METHODS: Consecutive cataract patients were recruited at the Central Hospital of Wuhan between January 2015 and June 2016. Ocular axial length (AL), keratometry values, anterior chamber depth (ACD) and horizontal corneal diameter (white to white [WTW]) of each cataract-affected eye were measured with the IOLMaster device...
April 26, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444525/comparison-of-biometric-measurements-obtained-by-the-verion-image-guided-system-versus-the-auto-refracto-keratometer
#13
Cecilio Velasco-Barona, Guadalupe Cervantes-Coste, Erick Mendoza-Schuster, Claudia Corredor-Ortega, Nadia L Casillas-Chavarín, Alejandro Silva-Moreno, Manuel Garza-León, Roberto Gonzalez-Salinas
PURPOSE: To compare the biometric measurements obtained from the Verion Image-Guided System to those obtained by auto-refracto-keratometer in normal eyes. METHODS: This is a prospective, observational, comparative study conducted at the Asociación para Evitar la Ceguera en México I.A.P., Mexico. Three sets of keratometry measurements were obtained using the image-guided system to assess the coefficient of variation, the within-subject standard deviation and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC)...
April 25, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444515/cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-a-previous-history-of-kamra-inlay-implantation-a-case-series
#14
Majid Moshirfar, Tyler S Quist, David F Skanchy, Steven H Linn, Jordan Desautels, Phillip C Hoopes
INTRODUCTION: The visual outcome of cataract surgery in patients with a previous history of KAMRA inlay implantation is an emerging issue for which limited research exists. The purpose of this study is to describe postoperative visual outcomes in this patient population. METHODS: This is a case series with retrospective chart review. Seven patients underwent cataract surgery following KAMRA corneal inlay implantation. Visual acuity was assessed before and after cataract surgery...
April 25, 2017: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443480/adverse-placental-perfusion-and-pregnancy-outcomes-in-a-new-nonhuman-primate-model-of-gestational-protein-restriction
#15
Victoria H J Roberts, Jamie O Lo, Katherine S Lewandowski, Peter Blundell, Kevin L Grove, Christopher D Kroenke, Elinor L Sullivan, Charles T Roberts, Antonio E Frias
Maternal malnutrition during pregnancy impacts fetal growth, with developmental consequences that extend to later life outcomes. In underdeveloped countries, this malnutrition typically takes the form of poor dietary protein content and quality, even if adequate calories are consumed. Here, we report the establishment of a nonhuman primate model of gestational protein restriction (PR) in order to understand how placental function and pregnancy outcomes are affected by protein deficiency. Rhesus macaques were assigned to either a control diet containing 26% protein or switched to a 13% PR diet prior to conception and maintained on this PR diet throughout pregnancy...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436166/perinatal-loss-at-term-the-role-of-uteroplacental-and-fetal-doppler-assessment
#16
Caitriona Monaghan, Julia Binder, Baskaran Thilaganathan, José Morales-Roselló, Asma Khalil
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of uterine artery (UtA) Doppler indices and cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) on perinatal outcome at term. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study conducted in a single tertiary referral centre included all singleton pregnancies undergoing ultrasound assessment in the third trimester, which subsequently delivered at term. Fetal biometry and Dopplers including the umbilical artery (UA), middle cerebral artery (MCA) and uterine artery were recorded...
April 24, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433734/prospective-association-of-fetal-liver-blood-flow-at-30-weeks-gestation-with-newborn-adiposity
#17
Satoru Ikenoue, Feizal Waffarn, Masanao Ohashi, Kaeko Sumiyoshi, Chigusa Ikenoue, Claudia Buss, Daniel L Gillen, Hyagriv N Simhan, Sonja Entringer, Pathik D Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: The production of variation in adipose tissue accretion represents a key fetal adaptation to energy substrate availability during gestation. Because umbilical venous blood transports nutrient substrate from the maternal to the fetal compartment and because the fetal liver is the primary organ in which nutrient interconversion occurs, it has been proposed that variations in the relative distribution of umbilical venous blood flow shunting either through ductus venosus or perfusing the fetal liver represents a mechanism underlying this adaptation...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426650/neural-injury-markers-in-intrauterine-growth-restriction-and-their-relation-to-perinatal-outcomes
#18
E Mazarico, E Llurba, R Cumplido, A Valls, J C Melchor, M Iglesias, L Cabero, E Gratacós, Md Gómez Roig
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to: (1) compare the concentrations of two neural injury markers, S100B protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE), in intrauterine growth-restricted fetuses (IUGR) and in fetuses with appropriate growth-for-gestational-age (AGA), and (2) investigate potential relationships between concentrations of these markers, Doppler abnormalities, and adverse perinatal or neonatal outcomes. METHODS: This was a case-controlled, cooperative, prospective study among Spanish Maternal and Child Health Network (Retic SAMID) hospitals...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425156/universal-versus-selective-ultrasonography-to-screen-for-large-for-gestational-age-infants-and-associated-morbidity
#19
Ulla Sovio, Alexandros A Moraitis, Hilary S Wong, Gordon C S Smith
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic effectiveness of selective versus universal ultrasonography as a screening test for large for gestational age (LGA) infants, and to determine whether previously described ultrasonic markers of excessive fetal growth could identify which suspected LGA fetuses were at increased risk of neonatal morbidity. METHODS: We analysed data from a prospective cohort study of nulliparous women, the Pregnancy Outcome Prediction study. All women had clinically indicated scans as per routine care...
April 20, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424868/non-invasive-measurements-of-the-dynamic-changes-in-the-ciliary-muscle-crystalline-lens-morphology-and-anterior-chamber-during-accommodation-with-a-high-resolution-oct
#20
José J Esteve-Taboada, Alberto Domínguez-Vicent, Daniel Monsálvez-Romín, Antonio J Del Águila-Carrasco, Robert Montés-Micó
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess non-invasively the changes in the anterior chamber eye, crystalline lens morphology, and ciliary muscle during accommodation by means of an anterior chamber optical coherence tomographer (OCT), and correlate them with vergence. METHODS: Twenty-five eyes of twenty-five healthy subjects, whose mean age was 29.9±7.1 years, were included and measured with an anterior chamber OCT. The central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior crystalline lens radius of curvature (ALRC), crystalline lens thickness (CLT), and ciliary muscle area (CMA) were measured for each participant at 0, -1, -2, and -3 D of target vergence...
April 20, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
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