keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Differentiation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456141/relationship-between-the-risk-factors-for-human-papillomavirus-infection-and-lower-genital-tract-precursor-lesion-and-cancer-development-in-female-transplant-recipients
#1
Caroline Alves de Oliveira Martins, Isabel Cristina Chulvis Guimarães do Val, Luis Guillermo Coca Velarde
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the several risk factors for human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and its persistence and to assess the prevalence of the lower genital tract precursor lesions, cancer, and HPV infection in female transplant recipients, besides the most prevalent HPV types. METHODS: The methodology adopted was a cross-sectional study with a random sample of 61 patients. RESULTS: The results indicated 10 cases (16...
April 29, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456135/differential-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-hbv-related-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-defined-by-easl-clif-criteria
#2
Juan Wu, Yuan-Yuan Li, Jin-Hua Hu, Lin Jia, Ming Shi, Fan-Ping Meng, Juan Li, Juan Zhao, Fu-Sheng Wang, Qing-Hua Meng
AIM: To determine the differential characteristics and prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) detected using Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL) criteria and then classified using European Association for the Study of the Liver-Chronic Liver Failure (EASL-CLIF) criteria. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 316 HBV-related APASL ACLF patients treated at Beijing 302 Hospital or Beijing You'An Hospital between February 2015 and February 2016...
April 29, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456114/gene-expression-signature-differentiates-histology-but-not-progression-status-of-early-stage-nsclc
#3
Radoslaw Charkiewicz, Jacek Niklinski, Jürgen Claesen, Anetta Sulewska, Miroslaw Kozlowski, Anna Michalska-Falkowska, Joanna Reszec, Marcin Moniuszko, Wojciech Naumnik, Wieslawa Niklinska
Advances in molecular analyses based on high-throughput technologies can contribute to a more accurate classification of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), as well as a better prediction of both the disease course and the efficacy of targeted therapies. Here we set out to analyze whether global gene expression profiling performed in a group of early-stage NSCLC patients can contribute to classifying tumor subtypes and predicting the disease prognosis. Gene expression profiling was performed with the use of the microarray technology in a training set of 108 NSCLC samples...
April 26, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456102/enhanced-electrical-conductivity-of-collagen-films-through-long-range-aligned-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#4
Valentina Bonfrate, Daniela Manno, Antonio Serra, Luca Salvatore, Alessandro Sannino, Alessandro Buccolieri, Tiziano Serra, Gabriele Giancane
The development of biocompatible collagen substrates able to conduct electric current along specific pathways represent an appealing issue in tissue engineering, since it is well known that electrical stimuli significantly affects important cell behaviour, such as proliferation, differentiation, directional migration, and, therefore, tissue regeneration. In this work, a cheap and easy approach was proposed to produce collagen-based films exhibiting enhanced electrical conductivity, through the simple manipulation of a weak external magnetic trigger...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456086/quantum-chemical-studies-on-structural-vibrational-nonlinear-optical-properties-and-chemical-reactivity-of-indigo-carmine-dye
#5
M A M El-Mansy
Structural and vibrational spectroscopic studies were performed on indigo carmine (IC) isomers using FT-IR spectral analysis along with DFT/B3LYP method utilizing Gaussian 09 software. GaussView 5 program has been employed to perform a detailed interpretation of vibrational spectra. Simulation of infrared spectra has led to an excellent overall agreement with the observed spectral patterns. Mulliken population analyses on atomic charges, MEP, HOMO-LUMO, NLO, first order hyperpolarizability and thermodynamic properties have been examined by (DFT/B3LYP) method with the SDD basis set level...
April 20, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456055/unraveling-molecular-pathways-of-poorly-differentiated-neuroendocrine-carcinomas-of-the-gastroenteropancreatic-system-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Daniel M Girardi, Andrea C B Silva, Juliana Florinda M Rêgo, Renata A Coudry, Rachel P Riechelmann
BACKGROUND: Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) are rare and aggressive tumors. Their molecular pathogenesis is still largely unknown, and consequently, the best therapeutic management also remains to be determined. We conducted a systematic review on molecular alterations found in gastroenteropancreatic NECs (GEP-NECs) and discuss potential applications of targeted therapies in setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic review of studies about molecular features in tumor tissues of patients with GEP-NECs...
April 17, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456008/donor-dependent-and-other-nondefined-factors-have-greater-influence-on-the-hepatic-phenotype-than-the-starting-cell-type-in-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-hepatocyte-like-cells
#7
James A Heslop, Richard Kia, Christopher S Pridgeon, Rowena L Sison-Young, Triantafillos Liloglou, Mohamed Elmasry, Stephen W Fenwick, John S Mills, Neil R Kitteringham, Chris E Goldring, Bong K Park
Drug-induced liver injury is the greatest cause of post-marketing drug withdrawal; therefore, substantial resources are directed toward triaging potentially dangerous new compounds at all stages of drug development. One of the major factors preventing effective screening of new compounds is the lack of a predictive in vitro model of hepatotoxicity. Primary human hepatocytes offer a metabolically relevant model for which the molecular initiating events of hepatotoxicity can be examined; however, these cells vary greatly between donors and dedifferentiate rapidly in culture...
May 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455988/a-genome-wide-microrna-profiling-indicates-mir-424-5p-and-mir-503-5p-as-regulators-of-alk-expression-in-neuroblastoma
#8
Marilena De Mariano, Sara Stigliani, Stefano Moretti, Federica Parodi, Michela Croce, Cinzia Bernardi, Aldo Pagano, Gian Paolo Tonini, Silvano Ferrini, Luca Longo
The discovery of missense mutations of ALK gene identified this receptor tyrosine kinase as a therapeutic target in neuroblastoma (NB). Moreover, a high level of ALK protein has been associated with metastatic NB cases and with a worse prognosis, suggesting that also ALK overexpression is involved in NB tumorigenesis. Since miRNAs play key roles in the regulation of gene expression we aimed at identifying those miRNAs that can regulate ALK in NB. We therefore analyzed the genome-wide expression profile of miRNAs in two sample sets of 16 NB cell lines and 22 NB samples by using miRNA microarrays...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455975/suppression-of-microrna-205-5p-in-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-improves-their-therapeutic-potential-in-treating-diabetic-foot-disease
#9
Lingyan Zhu, Gongxian Wang, Shane Fischbach, Xiangwei Xiao
Diabetes is a prevalent disease endangering human health, while diabetic foot disease (DF) is one of the most severe complications of diabetes. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used in DF treatment, taking advantage of the differentiation potential of MSCs into endothelial cells and their production and secretion of trophic factors like vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Molecular modification of MSCs to improve their therapeutic effects has been recently applied in treating other diseases, but not yet in DF...
April 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455970/mitochondrial-replacement-in-an-ipsc-model-of-leber-s-hereditary-optic-neuropathy
#10
Raymond C B Wong, Shiang Y Lim, Sandy S C Hung, Stacey Jackson, Shahnaz Khan, Nicole J Van Bergen, Elisabeth De Smit, Helena H Liang, Lisa S Kearns, Linda Clarke, David A Mackey, Alex W Hewitt, Ian A Trounce, Alice Pébay
Cybrid technology was used to replace Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) causing mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations from patient-specific fibroblasts with wildtype mtDNA, and mutation-free induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) were generated subsequently. Retinal ganglion cell (RGC) differentiation demonstrates increased cell death in LHON-RGCs and can be rescued in cybrid corrected RGCs.
April 29, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455892/psychotic-symptoms-as-a-complication-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-case-report
#11
Anna Antosik-Wójcińska, Magdalena Chojnacka, Łukasz Święcicki
We report a patient who experienced atypical symptoms in the course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). During ECT treatment patient experienced psychotic symptoms which should be differentiated with prolonged delirium and nonconvulsive status epilepticus. 46-year-old female was referred to hospital with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder with no psychotic features in the course of recurrent depression. Despite several changes of pharmacological treatment no improvement was achieved, therefore it was decided to initiate ECT...
February 26, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455828/prevalence-of-hearing-impairment-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-gpa-wegener-s-granulomatosis-or-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#12
Torsten Rahne, Franziska Clauß, Stefan K Plontke, Gernot Keyßer
Hearing loss in patients with autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, Wegener's granulomatosis), or rheumatoid arthritis (RA), is controversial. Many studies lack measurements of bone-conduction thresholds to sufficiently differentiate between sensorineural hearing loss and conductive hearing loss. In addition, many studies lack control groups or comparisons to an age-related normal hearing threshold. This study investigates hearing performance with an extended audiological battery using psychoacoustic and objective measures...
April 28, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455782/rpc4046-a-novel-anti-interleukin-13-antibody-blocks-il-13-binding-to-il-13-%C3%AE-1-and-%C3%AE-2-receptors-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-dose-escalation-first-in-human-study
#13
Catherine S Tripp, Carolyn Cuff, Andrew L Campbell, Barbara A Hendrickson, Jeff Voss, Terry Melim, Chengbin Wu, Andrew D Cherniack, Kenneth Kim
INTRODUCTION: A unique anti-interleukin (IL)-13 monoclonal antibody, RPC4046, was generated on the basis of differential IL-13 receptor (R) blockade as assessed in a murine asthma model; the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of RPC4046 were evaluated in a first-in-human study. METHODS: Anti-IL-13 antibodies with varying receptor blocking specificity were evaluated in the ovalbumin-induced murine asthma model. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation first-in-human study (NCT00986037) was conducted with RPC4046 in healthy adults and patients with mild to moderate controlled asthma...
April 28, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455777/insights-into-nano-and-micron-scale-phase-separation-in-amorphous-solid-dispersions-using-fluorescence-based-techniques-in-combination-with-solid-state-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#14
Hitesh S Purohit, James D Ormes, Sugandha Saboo, Yongchao Su, Matthew S Lamm, Amanda K P Mann, Lynne S Taylor
PURPOSE: Miscibility between the drug and the polymer in an amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) is considered to be one of the most important factors impacting the solid state stability and dissolution performance of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). The research described herein utilizes emerging fluorescence-based methodologies to probe (im)miscibility of itraconazole (ITZ)-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) ASDs. METHODS: The ASDs were prepared by solvent evaporation with varying evaporation rates and were characterized by steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy, confocal imaging, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR) spectroscopy...
April 28, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455716/macrophage-differentiation-in-normal-and-accelerated-wound-healing
#15
Girish J Kotwal, Sufan Chien
Chronic wounds pose considerable public health challenges and burden. Wound healing is known to require the participation of macrophages, but mechanisms remain unclear. The M1 phenotype macrophages have a known scavenger function, but they also play multiple roles in tissue repair and regeneration when they transition to an M2 phenotype. Macrophage precursors (mononuclear cells/monocytes) follow the influx of PMN neutrophils into a wound during the natural wound-healing process, to become the major cells in the wound...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455707/monocyte-macrophage-nk-cell-cooperation-old-tools-for-new-functions
#16
Elżbieta Wałajtys-Rode, Jolanta M Dzik
Monocyte/macrophage and natural killer (NK) cells are partners from a phylogenetic standpoint of innate immune system development and its evolutionary progressive interaction with adaptive immunity. The equally conservative ways of development and differentiation of both invertebrate hemocytes and vertebrate macrophages are reviewed. Evolutionary conserved molecules occurring in macrophage receptors and effectors have been inherited by vertebrates after their common ancestor with invertebrates. Cytolytic functions of mammalian NK cells, which are rooted in immune cells of invertebrates, although certain NK cell receptors (NKRs) are mammalian new events, are characterized...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455706/mesenchymal-stem-cells-direct-the-immunological-fate-of-macrophages
#17
Patricia Luz-Crawford, Christian Jorgensen, Farida Djouad
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are multipotent stem cells with a broad well-described immunosuppressive potential. They are able to modulate both the innate and the adaptive immune response. Particularly, MSC are able to regulate the phenotype and function of macrophages that are critical for different biological processes including wound healing, inflammation, pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases, and tumor growth. These multifunctional roles of macrophages are due to their high plasticity, which enable them to adopt different phenotypes such as a pro-inflammatory M1 and anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455704/development-and-functional-differentiation-of-tissue-resident-versus-monocyte-derived-macrophages-in-inflammatory-reactions
#18
Paola Italiani, Diana Boraschi
Mononuclear phagocytes are key cells in tissue integrity and defense. Tissue-resident macrophages are abundantly present in all tissues of the body and have a complex role in ensuring tissue functions and homeostatic balance. Circulating blood monocytes can enter tissue both in steady-state conditions, for helping in replenishing the tissue-resident macrophage pool and, in particular, for acting as potent effector cells during inflammatory events such as infections, traumas, and diseases. The heterogeneity of monocytes and macrophages depends on their ontogeny, their tissue location, and their functional programming, with both monocytes and macrophages able to exert distinct or similar functions depending on the tissue-specific and stimulus-specific microenvironment...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455697/the-differentiation-of-skin-mesenchymal-stem-cells-towards-a-schwann-cell-phenotype-impact-of-sigma-1-receptor-activation
#19
L Saulite, E Vavers, L Zvejniece, M Dambrova, U Riekstina
Neural crest stem cells (NCSCs) are the source of mature Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The NCSC population resides in the bulge of hair follicles and in the dermis. Recently, it was shown that 2-3% of the human dermis mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) population expresses the NCSC marker CD271, thus enabling the use of skin MSCs for studying Schwann cell differentiation in vitro. The aims of this study were to establish a protocol for human skin MSC differentiation towards Schwann cell-like cells (SC-lcs) and to analyse the expression of sigma-1 receptor (S1R) in SC-lcs...
April 28, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455695/pka-gsk3%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-play-a-critical-role-in-trans-resveratrol-mediated-neuronal-differentiation-in-human-cord-blood-stem-cells
#20
S Jahan, S Singh, A Srivastava, V Kumar, D Kumar, A Pandey, C S Rajpurohit, A R Purohit, V K Khanna, A B Pant
The role of resveratrol (RV), a natural polyphenol, is well documented, although its role on neurogenesis is still controversial and poorly understood. Therefore, to decipher the cellular insights of RV on neurogenesis, we investigated the potential effects of the compound on the survival, proliferation, and neuronal differentiation of human cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hCBMSCs). For neuronal differentiation, purified and characterized hCBMSCs were exposed to biological safe doses of RV (10 μM) alone and in combination with nerve growth factor (NGF-50 ng)...
April 28, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
keyword
keyword
6158
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"