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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787354/optical-coherence-tomography-of-the-tympanic-membrane-and-middle-ear-a-review
#1
Hsern Ern Ivan Tan, Peter Luke Santa Maria, Philip Wijesinghe, Brendan Francis Kennedy, Benjamin James Allardyce, Robert Henry Eikelboom, Marcus David Atlas, Rodney James Dilley
Objective To evaluate the recent developments in optical coherence tomography (OCT) for tympanic membrane (TM) and middle ear (ME) imaging and to identify what further development is required for the technology to be integrated into common clinical use. Data Sources PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science. Review Methods A comprehensive literature search was performed for English language articles published from January 1966 to January 2018 with the keywords "tympanic membrane or middle ear,"optical coherence tomography," and "imaging...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776326/validity-of-the-hum-test-a-simple-and-reliable-alternative-to-the-weber-test
#2
Omar H Ahmed, Sara C Gallant, Ryan Ruiz, Binhuan Wang, William H Shapiro, Erich P Voigt
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic performance of the Hum Test against the Weber Test using pure tone audiometry (PTA) as the "gold standard" comparator. METHODS: 29 participants with normal hearing of ages 18 to 35 without any history of hearing abnormalities or otologic conditions were enrolled. Subjects underwent three tests (Hum Test, Weber Test, and PTA) across two conditions: with an ear plug in one ear (side randomized) and without ear plugs...
June 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753685/endoscopic-ear-surgery-skills-training-improves-medical-student-performance
#3
Matthew M Dedmon, Deborah X Xie, Brendan P O Connell, Neal P Dillon, Patrick S Wellborn, Marc L Bennett, David S Haynes, Robert F Labadie, Alejandro Rivas
OBJECTIVE: Analyze medical student performance using an endoscopic ear surgery (EES) skills trainer over time. DESIGN: Simulation experience. SETTING: Surgical skills lab. PARTICIPANTS: Five medical students and 1 expert surgeon completed 3 training sessions using an EES trainer to practice specific tasks designed to improve instrument control. During each session, participants performed 3 tasks, such as placing beads onto wires, 5 times per session for a total of 15 trials per task...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737928/dorothy-wolff-a-pioneer-in-otopathology
#4
Danielle R Trakimas, Aaron K Remenschneider
Dorothy Wolff, PhD, was an inspirational anatomist, pathologist, auditory physiologist, and surgical innovator. Though little known, she worked throughout the mid-20th century in the midst of a revolution in otologic surgery, influencing well-known otologists such as Julius Lempert, MD, Phillip E. Meltzer, MD, and Richard Bellucci, MD. Wolff's seminal work included pathologic studies of the operated human ear, which provided the anatomic basis for effective modern techniques of surgical hearing rehabilitation...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736776/3d-fiber-deposited-polymeric-scaffolds-for-external-auditory-canal-wall
#5
Carlos Mota, Mario Milazzo, Daniele Panetta, Luisa Trombi, Vera Gramigna, Piero A Salvadori, Stefano Giannotti, Luca Bruschini, Cesare Stefanini, Lorenzo Moroni, Stefano Berrettini, Serena Danti
The external auditory canal (EAC) is an osseocartilaginous structure extending from the auricle to the eardrum, which can be affected by congenital, inflammatory, and neoplastic diseases, thus reconstructive materials are needed. Current biomaterial-based approaches for the surgical reconstruction of EAC posterior wall still suffer from resorption (biological) and extrusion (synthetic). In this study, 3D fiber deposited scaffolds based on poly(ethylene oxide terephthalate)/poly(butylene terephthalate) were designed and fabricated to replace the EAC wall...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728180/different-concentrations-of-mesna-application-have-an-effect-on-the-internal-ear
#6
Remzi Dogan, Sabri Baki Eren, Ozge Gedik, Alper Yenıgun, Mehmet Serif Aydın, Busranur Eser, Orhan Ozturan
OBJECTIVE: The use of Mesna as a chemical dissector in higher concentrations may reduce the length of time of operation by providing more effective dissection as well as being used in otologic pathologies such as tympanosclerosis. In this study, it was aimed to assess the effect of Mesna on the internal ear, which was applied intra-tympanically in higher concentrations than the conventional use. METHODS: Twenty-four female rats were included in our study. The rats were randomly divided into three groups (Group 1: Mesna 50%, Group 2: Mesna 100%, Group 3: Saline)...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649053/bilateral-congenital-cholesteatoma
#7
Chang Ho Lee, Mi Kyung Kim, Hyoung-Mi Kim, Cheongse Won, Tae Hyun Shin, So Young Kim
OBJECTIVE: To report the first large case series of extremely rare bilateral congenital cholesteatoma (CC). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University hospital otology referral clinic. PATIENTS: Six hundred four children with surgically confirmed CC. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The bilateral CCs were compared with the unilateral CCs. RESULTS: The incidence of bilateral CC was 3...
April 11, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649052/recurrence-in-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-large-single-institution-study
#8
Alexander L Luryi, Juliana Lawrence, Dennis I Bojrab, Michael LaRouere, Seilesh Babu, John Zappia, Eric W Sargent, Eleanor Chan, Ilka Naumann, Robert S Hong, Christopher A Schutt
OBJECTIVE: To report rates of recurrence in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and associated patient and disease factors. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Single high-volume otology practice. PATIENTS: Patients diagnosed with BPPV from 2007 to 2016 with documented resolution of symptoms. INTERVENTION: Diagnostic and particle repositioning maneuvers for BPPV. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: BPPV recurrence, time to recurrence, and ear(s) affected at recurrence...
April 11, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644162/clinical-study-on-middle-ear-diseases-in-children-with-orofacial-clefts
#9
Raja Kalaiarasi, Kamran A Syed, Chellappa Vijayakumar, Ajoy M Varghese, Mary John
Introduction Orofacial clefts are associated with middle ear diseases, but the magnitude of this problem is not generally well appreciated. The aim of this study was to describe the middle ear findings and audiological profile in children with orofacial clefts. Materials and methods Children with orofacial clefts attending plastic surgery and otorhinolaryngology departments of a tertiary hospital over one-year duration were included in this study. Ninety-six children with orofacial clefts were identified. They were categorized age-wise as zero to five years, more than five years to 10 years, and more than 10 years to 15 years...
February 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595579/prevention-of-otic-barotrauma-in-aviation-a-systematic-review
#10
Peter Ryan, Alexander Treble, Nirmal Patel, Nicholas Jufas
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the published evidence relating to the prevention of otic barotrauma in aviation. In particular, this review sought to identify procedures, techniques, devices, and medications for the prevention of otic barotrauma as well as evaluate the evidence relating to their efficacy. DATA SOURCES: Ten databases including Embase, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched using the full historical range...
March 27, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576310/controlled-drug-release-to-the-inner-ear-concepts-materials-mechanisms-and-performance
#11
REVIEW
Karsten Mäder, Eric Lehner, Arne Liebau, Stefan K Plontke
Progress in drug delivery to the ear has been achieved over the last few years. This review illustrates the main mechanisms of controlled drug release and the resulting geometry- and size-dependent release kinetics. The potency, physicochemical properties, and stability of the drug molecules are key parameters for designing the most suitable drug delivery system. The most important drug delivery systems for the inner ear include solid foams, hydrogels, and different nanoscale drug delivery systems (e.g., nanoparticles, liposomes, lipid nanocapsules, polymersomes)...
March 9, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558248/patterns-of-migraine-disease-in-otolaryngology-a-cheer-network-study
#12
Kristine A Schulz, Elnaz Esmati, Frederick A Godley, Claude L Hill, Ashkan Monfared, Michael Teixido, Debara L Tucci, David L Witsell
Objective To evaluate the prevalence of migraine disease in an otolaryngologic cohort and migraine-related otologic and sinonasal symptoms in this population. Study Design Cross-sectional study utilizing the CHEER (Creating Healthcare Excellence through Education and Research) network for recruitment. Setting Patients were recruited in a cross-sectional and pragmatic manner in 14 CHEER sites between June 2015 and March 2017 (9 academic, 5 community based). Subjects and Methods Patients were included if they were aged ≥18 years and seen for any concern that was not head and neck cancer...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545765/clinical-characteristics-and-etiology-of-bilateral-vestibular-loss-in-a-cohort-from-central-illinois
#13
Jorge C Kattah
Background: Previous series of bilateral vestibular loss (BVL) identified numerous etiologies, but surprisingly, a cause in a significant number of cases remains unknown. In an effort to understand possible etiology and management strategies, a global effort is currently in progress. Here, I contribute my 10-year experience with both acute and chronic BVL during the 2007-2017 decade. Methods: This is a retrospective review of the charts and EMR of patients diagnosed with BVL in the last 10 years...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536960/topical-ear-drop-self-medication-practice-among-the-ear-nose-and-throat-patients-in-ido-ekiti-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Toye Gabriel Olajide, Kayode Shuaib Aremu, Olaide T Esan, Adepeju Oluwatona Dosunmu, Mustapha Muhammad Raji
Background: Self-medication is a common habit in our country; Nigeria, especially among patients with otorhinolaryngological disorders. Medication when taken wrongly may bring dire consequences to the individual, such as masking developing diseases and may cause many other undesirable effects. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and to analyze topical ear drop self-medication practices among respondents attending the Ear, Nose, and Throat Clinic of Federal Teaching Hospital Ido Ekiti, Nigeria...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533375/history-of-publications-from-the-american-otological-society-a-celebration-of-the-150-year-history-of-the-american-otological-society
#15
Lawrence R Lustig
: The American Otological Society (AOS) has been on the forefront of advancing the science of auditory and vestibular physiology, and art of ear medicine since its founding in 1868. For 150 years, through its publications, the AOS has provided a critical forum to debate these advances, highlighting treatment successes and failures, and served a place to celebrate its history. This historical review provides an overview of the publications of the AOS since its founding: the Transactions of the annual meeting from 1868 through 2006, Treatises on Otosclerosis (1928-1935), the History of the Society from the 100 and 125th anniversary, and the sponsored Society journals-American Journal of Otology (1879-1883, 1979-2000) and Otology & Neurotology (2001-present)...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533373/practice-of-otology-during-the-first-quarter-century-of-the-american-otological-society-1868-1893
#16
Pedrom C Sioshansi, Robert K Jackler, Jennifer C Alyono
OBJECTIVE: To describe the practice of otology in America during the first quarter century of the American Otological Society (AOS). METHODS: Two sources were used to determine the most prevalent disease conditions cared for and surgical procedures undertaken during this era. All articles published in the AOS transactions between 1868 and 1893 were studied as were the otology textbooks published by 6 of the first 10 Presidents of the Society. RESULTS: The primary emphasis of late 19th century American otological scholarship was on chronic ear infection with numerous articles focusing on complications of otitis including frequent descriptions of fatalities...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533331/bilateral-cochlear-implantation-versus-bimodal-hearing-in-patients-with-functional-residual-hearing-a-within-subjects-comparison-of-audiologic-performance-and-quality-of-life
#17
Robert J Yawn, Brendan P O'Connell, Robert T Dwyer, Linsey W Sunderhaus, Susan Reynolds, David S Haynes, René H Gifford
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate performance and quality of life changes after sequential bilateral cochlear implantation in patients with preoperative residual hearing functioning in a bimodal hearing configuration. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis using within-subjects repeated measures design. SETTING: Tertiary otologic center. PATIENTS: Twenty-two adult patients with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who used bimodal hearing before second cochlear implant (CI) meeting the following criteria: 1) preoperative residual hearing (≤80 dB HL at 250 Hz) in the ear to be implanted, 2) implantation with current CI technology (2013-2016), 3) consonant-nucleus-consonant (CNC) speech recognition testing in the bimodal condition preoperatively and bilateral CI condition postoperatively...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529928/in-vitro-susceptibility-of-ciprofloxacin-resistant-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-to-ototopical-therapy
#18
David D Walker, Michael Z David, Dominic Catalano, Robert Daum, Michael B Gluth
Objective Despite the rising incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) otologic infections, choice of treatment remains controversial. Only fluoroquinolone-containing ototopical preparations are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for middle ear application. Furthermore, American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation guidelines advocate ototopical monotherapy for both tympanostomy tube otorrhea and acute otitis externa. Unfortunately, MRSA may be ciprofloxacin resistant...
May 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519134/high-density-otologic-camps-in-regions-of-sparse-expertise
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Bizuayehu Girma, Asnake Bitew, Nega Kiros, Miriam Redleaf
Aims/Purpose: When 2 models of otologic surgery instruction in Ethiopia are compared, high-density otologic surgery campaigns are more effective for accelerated skills transfer in areas of sparse expertise than the standard outpatient clinic/OR model. METHODS: A continuously operating otolaryngology/head and neck surgery department in a large public hospital is compared with a nonprofit specialty hospital where outpatients are selected for weeklong surgical campaigns. The number and variety of otologic visits and operations in each setting, presence of expert supervision, and resident-trainees' surgical progress were tallied...
May 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504040/incomplete-and-false-tract-insertions-in-cochlear-implantation-retrospective-review-of-surgical-and-auditory-outcomes
#20
Ashish Vashishth, Andrea Fulcheri, Maurizio Guida, Antonio Caruso, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate incidence, demographics, surgical, and radiological correlates of incomplete and false tract electrode array insertions during cochlear implantation (CI). To evaluate outcomes in patients with incomplete electrode insertion (IEI). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Otology and skull base center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Charts of 18 patients (19 ears) with incomplete or false tract insertions of the electrode array were evaluated who underwent CI, with at least 1 year follow-up (from 470 cases)...
May 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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