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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929069/our-experience-of-treating-wide-spectrum-of-external-ear-canal-atresia-of-different-etiologies-in-pediatric-patients
#1
Kranti Bhavana
External auditory canal atresia (EACA) is a common otologic condition. Etiology can vary from congenital to acquired causes. It causes considerable difficulty to the patient. Bilateral ear canal atresia in children can lead to speech delays due to hearing impairment caused by this condition. Though easily diagnosed it is one of the most difficult conditions to treat. Acquired conditions can affect any age group. Restenosis following treatment is very common. This article focuses on the treatment of EACA due to different etiologies and emphasizes on special points of surgical treatment and follow up...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925316/objective-assessment-of-technical-skills-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-residents-a-systematic-review
#2
Érika Mercier, Ségolène Chagnon-Monarque, François Lavigne, Tareck Ayad
Objectives The primary goal is the indexation of validated methods used to assess surgical competency in otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) residents. Secondary goals include assessment of the reliability and validity of these tools, as well as the documentation of specific procedures in ORL-HNS involved. Data Sources MEDBASE, OVID, Medline, CINAHL, and EBM, as well as the printed references, available through the Université de Montréal library. Review Methods The PRISMA method was used to review digital and printed databases...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924266/effects-of-bomb-blast-injury-on-the-ears-the-aga-khan-university-hospital-experience
#3
Talha Ahmed Qureshi, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nabeel Hamayun Hassan, Agha Hussain Aftab, Syed Adnan Ali
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency and effects of blast-related otologic injuries. METHODS: his retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised charts of patients who were victims of bomb explosions between January 2011 and July 2013. Frequency and percentages were reported using cross tabulation with size of bomb, distance of person from blast and the presence of victim in open or closed space. Association of associated variables were also analysed...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902803/cochlear-implantation-in-otosclerosis-surgical-and-auditory-outcomes-with-a-brief-on-facial-nerve-stimulation
#4
Ashish Vashishth, Andrea Fulcheri, Gianluca Rossi, Sampath Chandra Prasad, Antonio Caruso, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVES: 1) To review the surgical and auditory outcomes in patients of cochlear implantation in otosclerosis. 2) To review complications and postimplantation facial nerve stimulation (FNS). 3) To compare the auditory outcomes between patients displaying cochlear ossification to the nonossified ones. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Quaternary Otology and Skull base surgery center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Charts of 36 patients (38 ears) with otosclerosis undergoing cochlear implantation were reviewed from the cochlear implant database...
October 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895462/is-hospitalization-necessary-after-ear-surgery-a-national-survey-and-retrospective-review-of-postoperative-events
#5
Tanja Jelicic, Julian Richard Savage, Margaret Aron
Objective First, to survey our national otolaryngology colleagues on their postoperative care habits (hospitalization vs day surgery) after elective middle ear surgery. Second, to evaluate the necessity of hospitalization and safety of day surgery after these procedures. Methods A national survey regarding postoperative habits after elective middle ear surgery was launched. Then, the cases of all patients having undergone these surgical procedures at our center between 2010 and 2016 were reviewed. They were divided into 2 groups: hospitalization and day surgery...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885481/comparison-of-an-electromagnetic-middle-ear-implant-and-hearing-aid-word-recognition-performance-to-word-recognition-performance-obtained-under-earphones
#6
C Y Joseph Chang, Michael Spearman, Brian Spearman, Anna McCraney, Michael E Glasscock
OBJECTIVE: To report the results of patients with the Maxum middle ear implant (MEI) and compare word recognition scores (WRS) and speech perception gap (SP Gap) of Maxum versus optimally fit hearing aids (HA). STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Single, private otology clinic. PATIENTS: Eleven ears, in nine adult patients (two women; average age 62.7 yr). INTERVENTIONS: Twelve consecutive ears with moderate to severe sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) underwent implantation of the Maxum system...
October 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873437/three-dimensional-hard-and-soft-tissue-imaging-of-the-human-cochlea-by-scanning-laser-optical-tomography-slot
#7
Nadine Tinne, Georgios C Antonopoulos, Saleh Mohebbi, José Andrade, Lena Nolte, Heiko Meyer, Alexander Heisterkamp, Omid Majdani, Tammo Ripken
The present study focuses on the application of scanning laser optical tomography (SLOT) for visualization of anatomical structures inside the human cochlea ex vivo. SLOT is a laser-based highly efficient microscopy technique which allows for tomographic imaging of the internal structure of transparent specimens. Thus, in the field of otology this technique is best convenient for an ex vivo study of the inner ear anatomy. For this purpose, the preparation before imaging comprises decalcification, dehydration as well as optical clearing of the cochlea samples in toto...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867651/effects-of-cavity-reconstruction-on-morbidity-and-quality-of-life-after-canal-wall-down-tympanomastoidectomy
#8
Sinan Uluyol, Omer Ugur, Ilker Burak Arslan, Ozlem Yagiz, Murat Gumussoy, Ibrahim Cukurova
INTRODUCTION: Canal wall down (CWD) tympanomastoidectomy is commonly used to treat advanced chronic otitis media or cholesteatoma. The advantages of CWD mastoidectomy are excellent exposure for disease eradication and postoperative control of residual disease; its disadvantages include the accumulation of debris requiring life-long otological maintenance and cleaning, continuous ear drainage, fungal cavity infections, and the occurrence of dizziness and vertigo by changing temperature or pressure...
August 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818308/a-honey-bee-can-threat-ear-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#9
Ufuk Düzenli, Nazım Bozan, Abdurrahman Ayral, Abdülaziz Yalınkılıç, Ahmet Faruk Kıroğlu
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is an otologic emergency. Many etiological factors can lead to this pathology. Honey bee (Apis mellifera) sting may lead to local and systemic reactions due to sensitization of the patient. In this paper we described a sudden sensorineural hearing loss occurred after honey bee sting.
August 2, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802363/epidemiology-of-cerumen-impaction-among-municipal-kindergartens-children-in-wuhan-china
#10
Chen Ping, Hu Yanling, Wei Youhua, Wang Shufen, Wang Zhinan, Xia Zhongfang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of cerumen impaction among children of municipal kindergartens in Wuhan. METHODS: The ear canal of children of municipal kindergartens in Wuhan was examined using an electric otoscope by the same otologist in 2005, 2006 and 2012, with age, gender, ears and the nature of cerumen (dry cerumen or wet cerumen) recorded. A chi-square test was performed to investigate for significant differences between cerumen impaction rates and the recorded variables...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802353/hearing-loss-in-children-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#11
John S Muus, Forest W Weir, Kathryn L Kreicher, Deborah A Bowlby, Christopher M Discolo, Ted A Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Although insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) has been shown to be important for inner-ear development in animal models, little is known about the otologic and audiologic findings of children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD). The goal of this study is to evaluate the prevalence, type, and severity of hearing impairment in children with GHD. METHODS: Audiologic, otologic, and demographic data were recorded for children with a diagnosis of GHD in the AudGen database...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782289/development-and-validation-of-an-endoscopic-ear-surgery-classification-system
#12
Michael S Cohen, Razan A Basonbul, Samuel R Barber, Elliott D Kozin, Alejandro C Rivas, Daniel J Lee
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To design and validate a classification system for endoscopic ear surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Validation study. METHODS: A classification system was devised that quantifies use of the endoscope during middle ear surgery. Otologic operative reports were reviewed by attending surgeons and trainees. A power analysis was performed to determine number of cases needed to review. The following categories were used: class 0 is defined by using the microscope only; class 1 describes the use of endoscope for inspection without dissection; and class 2 describes mixed use of the endoscope and the microscope...
August 7, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772342/the-otology-questionnaire-amsterdam-a-generic-patient-reported-outcome-measure-about-the-severity-and-impact-of-ear-complaints-a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-development-of-this-questionnaire
#13
E M Bruinewoud, J T Kraak, L M van Leeuwen, S E Kramer, P Merkus
OBJECTIVE: Development of the Otology Questionnaire Amsterdam (OQUA); a patient reported outcome measure (PROM), measuring the severity and impact of ear complaints of patients visiting an ENT surgeon. DESIGN: Multicenter, cross-sectional study.Phase 1: qualitative research. In depth interviews (N=16) to identify relevant types of ear complaints and to formulate items. Pilot study of the first and second draft of the OQUA (N=32, N=39). Phase 2: quantitative research...
August 3, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770282/-diagnostic-criteria-for-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-according-to-the-classification-committee-of-the-b%C3%A3-r%C3%A3-ny-society
#14
REVIEW
J A Lopez-Escamez, J Carey, W-H Chung, J A Goebel, M Magnusson, M Mandalà, D E Newman-Toker, M Strupp, M Suzuki, F Trabalzini, A Bisdorff
This paper presents diagnostic criteria for Menière's disease jointly formulated by the Classification Committee of the Bárány Society, The Japan Society for Equilibrium Research, the European Academy of Otology and Neurotology (EAONO), the Equilibrium Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) and the Korean Balance Society. The classification includes two categories: definite Menière's disease and probable Menière's disease. The diagnosis of definite Menière's disease is based on clinical criteria and requires the observation of an episodic vertigo syndrome associated with low- to medium-frequency sensorineural hearing loss and fluctuating aural symptoms (hearing, tinnitus and/or fullness) in the affected ear...
August 2, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744788/extended-high-frequency-audiometry-as-early-detection-of-hearing-loss-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome
#15
José Luis Treviño González, Janett Riega Torres, Yolisa Hinojosa Ríos, Mario Jesús Villegas González, Marco A Mendez Saenz, German A Soto-Galindo
The aim of the study is to evaluate hearing function by extended high-frequency audiometry in primary Sjögren Syndrome (pSS) and to correlate it with disease activity. All patients diagnosed with pSS were recruited within 1 year. Patients underwent otologic evaluation, extended high-frequency audiometry, tympanogram, and the ESSPRI scale evaluation. A total of 63 (60 female and 3 male) patients with mean age 49.5 ± 9.9 years with pSS were included. We detected a hearing loss prevalence of 95.2% (60 patients) in both ears in very high frequencies (10000-16,000 Hz)...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742630/unique-case-of-hearing-recovery-after-otic-capsule-destruction-and-complete-sensorineural-hearing-loss-caused-by-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#16
Jennifer A Losie, Michael Yong, Frederick K Kozak, Neil K Chadha
: A 14-year-old woman presented with right-sided otologic and vestibular symptoms after presenting with hormonal disturbances earlier that year. Imaging showed a gross destruction of the temporal bone, mastoid air cells, and external acoustic meatus with invasion into the otic capsule. The patient experienced complete sensorineural hearing loss in the right ear. Biopsy diagnosed Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) and the patient was treated with chemotherapy. After 1 year of treatment, the patient's hearing partially recovered and imaging showed reconstitution of the temporal bone including the otic capsule...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719707/community-triage-of-otology-patients-using-a-store-and-forward-telemedicine-device-a-feasibility-study
#17
Nishi Gupta, Neeraj Chawla, Digant Gupta, Nidhi Dhawan, Vidya R Janaki
Chronic otitis media is a major contributor to acquired hearing loss in developing countries. Developing countries such as India, with huge populations and poor health infrastructures, have always felt the shortage of trained specialists who can provide quality care to meet the enormous demand for treatment of this disease. This pilot study assessed the feasibility of empowering trained health workers equipped with ENTraview, a store-and-forward telemedicine device that integrates a camera- enabled smart phone with an otoscope...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717060/clinical-data-analysis-of-genotypes-and-phenotypes-of-deafness-gene-mutations-in-newborns-a-retrospective-study
#18
Yating Du, Lihui Huang, Xueyao Wang, Qingjia Cui, Xiaohua Cheng, Liping Zhao, Tingting Ni
We retrospectively analyzed newborns with deafness gene mutations and summarized the relationship between genotype and phenotype to provide a basis for genetic counseling. We studied 582 subjects positive for deafness gene mutations that were treated in the otology outpatient department of Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, between April 2012 and April 2016. The subjects were divided into 3 categories: a diagnosed group (group A), which was further subdivided into subgroups A1 (homozygous and compound heterozygous GJB2 mutations) and A2 (homozygous and compound heterozygous SLC26A4 mutations); a drug-induced deafness group (group B, mitochondrial (Mt) gene mutations); and a mutation carrier group (group C), which was further subdivided into the subgroups C1 (GJB2 heterozygous mutations), C2 (SLC26A4 heterozygous mutations), C3 (GJB3 heterozygous mutations), and C4 (double gene mutations)...
July 17, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708796/significance-of-endolymphatic-hydrops-in-ears-with-unilateral-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#19
Yuriko Okazaki, Tadao Yoshida, Satofumi Sugimoto, Masaaki Teranishi, Ken Kato, Shinji Naganawa, Michihiko Sone
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the existence of endolymphatic hydrops (EH) in affected and unaffected ears in patients with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) using contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to evaluate the significance of EH in various otological diseases. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University hospital. METHODS: One hundred eighty-two ears from 91 patients with unilateral SNHL were studied...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692591/development-and-validation-of-a-modular-endoscopic-ear-surgery-skills-trainer
#20
Matthew M Dedmon, Brendan P O'Connell, Elliott D Kozin, Aaron K Remenschneider, Samuel R Barber, Daniel J Lee, Robert F Labadie, Alejandro Rivas
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic ear surgery (EES) is an emerging technique requiring single-handed dissection with limited depth perception. Current options for EES simulation and training are limited. Herein, we introduce a versatile, low-cost surgical skills trainer that aims to improve the fine motor control necessary for EES. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective validation study. SETTING: Surgical simulation laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Seven subjects ranging in experience from medical students ("Novices") to experienced ear surgeons ("Experts") participated in the validation study...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
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