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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069085/endoscopic-ear-surgery-a-hot-topic
#1
S Mitchell, C Coulson
OBJECTIVES: To summarise published research investigating maximal temperatures associated with endoscopes used in otology. Possible thermal issues surrounding the use of endoscopes in middle-ear surgery are discussed, and recommendations regarding the safest ways to use endoscopes in endoscopic ear surgery are made. METHODS: A non-systematic review of the relevant literature was conducted, with descriptive analysis and presentation of the results. RESULTS: There are currently no reports of any temperature-related deleterious effects in patients having undergone endoscopic ear surgery...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059056/eaono-jos-joint-consensus-statements-on-the-definitions-classification-and-staging-of-middle-ear-cholesteatoma
#2
REVIEW
Matthew Yung, Tetsuya Tono, Ewa Olszewska, Yutaka Yamamoto, Holger Sudhoff, Masafumi Sakagami, Jef Mulder, Hiromi Kojima, Armağan İncesulu, Franco Trabalzini, Nuri Özgirgin
The European Academy of Otology and Neurotology (EAONO) has previously published a consensus document on the definitions and classification of cholesteatoma. It was based on the Delphi consensus methodology involving the broad EAONO membership. At the same time, the Japanese Otological Society (JOS) had been working independently on the "Classification and Staging of Cholesteatoma." EAONO and JOS then decided to collaborate and produce a joint consensus document. The EAONO/JOS joint consensus on "Definitions, Classification and Staging of Middle Ear Cholesteatoma" was formally presented at the 10th International Conference on Cholesteatoma and Ear Surgery in Edinburgh, June 5-8, 2016...
6, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052264/a-retrospective-multicentre-cohort-review-of-patient-characteristics-and-surgical-aspects-versus-the-long-term-outcomes-for-recipients-of-a-fully-implantable-active-middle-ear-implant
#3
Philippe P Lefebvre, Javier Gisbert, Domenico Cuda, Stéphane Tringali, Arnaud Deveze
OBJECTIVE: To summarise treatment outcomes compared to surgical and patient variables for a multicentre recipient cohort using a fully implantable active middle ear implant for hearing impairment. To describe the authors' preferred surgical technique to determine microphone placement. STUDY DESIGN: Multicentre retrospective, observational survey. SETTING: Five tertiary referral centres. PATIENTS: Carina recipients (66 ears, 62 subjects) using the current Cochlear® Carina® System or the legacy device, the Otologics® Fully Implantable Middle Ear, with a T2 transducer...
January 5, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035526/auditory-changes-in-acromegaly
#4
S Tabur, H Korkmaz, E Baysal, E Hatipoglu, I Aytac, E Akarsu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the changes involving auditory system in cases with acromegaly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Otological examinations of 41 cases with acromegaly (uncontrolled n = 22, controlled n = 19) were compared with those of age and gender-matched 24 healthy subjects. Whereas the cases with acromegaly underwent examination with pure tone audiometry (PTA), speech audiometry for speech discrimination (SD), tympanometry, stapedius reflex evaluation and otoacoustic emission tests, the control group did only have otological examination and PTA...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034707/day-case-otological-surgery
#5
A Uziel
The author reviews day-case otological surgery, which has become increasingly popular in France and all over the world over recent years. Ear surgery is particularly suitable for short-stay admission because of the rapidity of these procedures and possibilities of pain control. This article discusses the advantages of this mode of management (for the patient, the surgeon and the healthcare institution), organizational and safety constraints, and ineligibility criteria. Day-case otological surgery should now become the rule rather than an opportunity...
December 26, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031153/surgical-management-and-hearing-outcome-of-traumatic-ossicular-injuries
#6
Stefan Delrue, Nicolas Verhaert, Joost van Dinther, Andrzej Zarowski, Thomas Somers, Christian Desloovere, Erwin Offeciers
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate etiological, clinical, and pathological characteristics of traumatic injuries of the middle ear ossicular chain and to evaluate hearing outcome after surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients (31 ears) with traumatic ossicular injuries operated on between 2004 and 2015 in two tertiary referral otologic centers were retrospectively analyzed. Traumatic events, clinical features, ossicular lesions, treatment procedures, and audiometric results were evaluated...
December 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018692/sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-the-only-hearing-ear-large-vestibular-aqueduct-syndrome
#7
Kemal Koray Bal, Onur Ismi, Helen Bucioglu, Yusuf Vayısoğlu, Kemal Gorur
Sudden hearing loss in the only hearing ear cases are rarely published in the English literature; most of the cases are idiopathic. It is an otologic emergency needing urgent treatment. Delayed diagnosis can interfere with patient's social life with interrupting the verbal communication. In this case report we presented a 33-year-old female patient having sudden sensorineural hearing loss in the only hearing ear diagnosed as bilateral large vestibular aqueduct syndrome.
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012541/a-novel-tecta-mutation-causes-arnshl
#8
Samira Asgharzade, Mohammad Amin Tabatabaiefar, Mohammad Hossein Modarressi, Mohammad Hossein Ghahremani, Somayeh Reiisi, Parisa Tahmasebi, Fatemeh Abdollahnejad, Morteza Hashemzadeh Chaleshtori
OBJECTIVE: Autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) is a genetically heterogeneous sensorineural disorder. Alpha-tectorin, which is encoded by the TECTA gene, is a non-collagenous component of the tectorial membrane in the inner ear defect of which leads to moderate to severe hearing loss (HL). METHODS: 25 unrelated Iranian multiplex ARNSHL families, negative for GJB2 mutations, were recruited in this study. Clinical inspections including audiometric and otologic examinations ruled out syndromic forms...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010030/-basics-of-ear-surgery
#9
S Lailach, T Zahnert
The present article about the basics of ear surgery is a short overview of current indications, the required diagnostics and surgical procedures of common otologic diseases. In addition to plastic and reconstructive surgery of the auricle, principles of surgery of the external auditory canal, basics of middle ear surgery and the tumor surgery of the temporal bone are shown. Additionally, aspects of the surgical hearing rehabilitation (excluding implantable hearing systems) are presented considering current study results...
December 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995828/single-dose-intratympanic-mesna-application-inhibits-propylene-glycol-induced-cholesteatoma-formation
#10
O Ismi, Y Y Karabulut, K K Bal, Y Vayisoglu, M Unal
OBJECTIVE: Mesna (i.e. sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate; C2H5NaO3S2) has been used in otological surgery such as cholesteatoma dissection and tympanic membrane lateralisation in atelectatic ears. However, this study aimed to investigate its effect on cholesteatoma formation. METHODS: A total of 20 Wistar rats were divided into two groups of 10 animals. The right and left ears of control animals were treated with saline (saline control group; n = 10 ears) and propylene glycol plus saline (propylene glycol control group; n = 10 ears), respectively...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992946/balloon-tuboplasty-in-patients-with-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-a-prospective-study-in-39-patients-55-ears
#11
P F Bowles, S Agrawal, M A Salam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956721/otologic-and-audiologic-outcomes-in-pediatric-patients-with-velo-cardio-facial-22q11-deletion-syndrome
#12
Forest W Weir, Sarah A Wallace, David R White, Jonathan L Hatch, Shaun A Nguyen, Ted A Meyer
OBJECTIVE: The focus of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, type, and severity of hearing impairment in patients with velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS) and to compare these characteristics with patient demographics and other otologic factors. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the AudGen Database. SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center. PATIENTS: Pediatric patients in AudGenDB with a diagnosis of velo-cardio-facial syndrome or DiGeorge syndrome...
January 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938607/-prevalence-of-hearing-disorders-in-china-a-population-based-survey-in-four-provinces-of-china
#13
X Y Hu, X Y Zheng, F R Ma, M Long, R Han, L J Zhou, F Wang, R Gong, T Pan, S X Zhang, B Du, P Jin, C Y Guo, Y Q Zheng, M Liu, L H He, J H Qiu, M Xu, L Song, X H Xu, X W Liu, S P Wang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence, severity of hearing disorders and demographics of people with hearing disorders based on the whole population in Jilin, Guangdong, Shannxi and Gansu provinces in China. Methods: According to " WHO Ear and Hearing Disorders Survey Protocol" , 144 clusters were chosen with probability proportional sampling(PPS) method from the four provinces covering 194, 688, 061 residents. Audiological test, otological examination and questionnaire surveying were conducted for all samples from August, 2014 to September, 2015...
November 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938466/otological-symptoms-and-audiometric-findings-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-costen-s-syndrome-revisited
#14
K G Effat
OBJECTIVE: Otological symptoms (otalgia, subjective hearing loss, blocked ear sensation, tinnitus and vertigo) associated with temporomandibular disorders are documented features of Costen's syndrome. However, the origin of these symptoms and the causes of hearing loss are unknown. This study aimed to characterise hearing loss in a large number of patients with temporomandibular disorders. The causes of these symptoms were explored in patients with otological symptoms and normal audiometric findings...
December 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932750/-a-case-report-of-spontaneous-cerebrospinal-fluid-otorrhea
#15
Hidenori Anami, Shigeru Ikeda, Kotaro Nakaya, Makoto Sugiura, Takakazu Kawamata
Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid(CSF)otorrhea is less common than CSF leakage caused by trauma, and rarely occurs in adults. We report an adult case of CSF otorrhea. A 71-year-old woman with no traumatic or otologic history was hospitalized due to bacterial meningitis. After hospitalization, CSF leakage started suddenly from the left external ear canal. A high resolution CT scan with intrathecal administration of contrast material revealed CSF leakage in the left ear canal and multiple bone erosions in both the tegmen mastoideum and the posterior fossa aspect of the petrous bone...
December 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918787/an-ovine-model-for-exclusive-endoscopic-ear-surgery
#16
Lukas Anschuetz, Marco Bonali, Michael Ghirelli, Francesco Mattioli, Domenico Villari, Marco Caversaccio, Livio Presutti
Importance: With the international spread of exclusive transcanal endoscopic ear surgery, the need for a suitable and affordable surgical training model has grown during the past years. Objective: To develop and validate an ex vivo animal model for exclusive endoscopic ear surgery. Design, Setting, and Animal Models: In an experimental study, we compared ovine and human middle ear anatomy in 4 specimens and assessed the lamb as a model for endoscopic ear surgery...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917401/aao-autoimmune-and-autoinflammatory-disease-in-otology-what-is-new-in-immune-mediated-hearing-loss
#17
REVIEW
Andrea Vambutas, Shresh Pathak
OBJECTIVES: Autoinflammatory diseases are a family of immune-mediated, rare diseases, some of which, exhibit sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), suggesting potentially similar mechanisms of molecular pathogenesis between autoinflammatory-mediated hearing loss and autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) may exist. The purpose of this review is to compare the clinical features of autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases that affect hearing, discuss the limitations of our knowledge, and highlight potential new disease mechanisms and therapeutics...
October 2016: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895002/impression-material-in-the-external-and-middle-ear-an-overview-of-the-literature-and-a-stepwise-approach-for-removal
#18
Froukje Verdam, Rinze Tange, Hans Thomeer
Here, we provide a literature overview of cases with protruding molding material for earplugs or hearing aids and subsequent required treatment, including our own cases. Patients at risk are those with impaired tympanic membranes or who previously underwent otologic surgery. Symptoms such as otalgia, tinnitus, and vertigo are alarming but do not always arise. In case of doubt, a CT scan is of additive value to prepare for adequate surgical removal and to limit potential damage. A stepwise approach for the clinician on how to address these challenging cases is presented, based upon the literature and our own experience...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895001/surgical-management-and-hearing-outcome-of-traumatic-ossicular-injuries
#19
Stefan Delrue, Nicolas Verhaert, Joost van Dinther, Andrzej Zarowski, Thomas Somers, Christian Desloovere, Erwin Offeciers
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate etiological, clinical, and pathological characteristics of traumatic injuries of the middle ear ossicular chain and to evaluate hearing outcome after surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients (31 ears) with traumatic ossicular injuries operated on between 2004 and 2015 in two tertiary referral otologic centers were retrospectively analyzed. Traumatic events, clinical features, ossicular lesions, treatment procedures, and audiometric results were evaluated...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837421/otologic-and-audiologic-findings-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#20
E Verheij, A L Kist, A B Mink van der Molen, I Stegeman, G A van Zanten, W Grolman, H G X M Thomeer
Hearing loss is frequently present in the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Our aim was to describe the audiologic and otologic features of patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a single tertiary referral center. We reviewed medical files of all patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome who visited an otolaryngologist, plastic surgeon or speech therapist, for audiologic or otologic features. Hearing loss was defined as a pure tone average (of 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz) of >20 decibel hearing level...
November 11, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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