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Caratti Stefano

Stefania Turrina, Stefano Caratti, Melissa Ferrian, Domenico De Leo
BACKGROUND: Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) are essential to relate male lineages in forensic and evolutionary studies. Although large panels of Y-STR markers are now available, none possess sufficient discrimination power to distinguish close male relatives. This limit may be overcome by the use of rapidly mutating Y-STRs (RM Y-STRs), characterized by mutation rates higher than common Y-STRs. Recently, multicenter studies evaluated the ability of RM Y-STRs to differentiate father-son pairs; however, more extensive data on distantly related males are needed...
February 2016: Transfusion
Stefania Turrina, Stefano Caratti, Melissa Ferrian, Domenico De Leo
Increasing the knowledge of multiple and microstructural events within the Y-chromosome may prove useful to better characterize abnormal short tandem repeats patterns complicating DNA profile interpretation. On the long arm of the human Y-chromosome, such structural rearrangements were observed in azoospermia factor regions (AZFa, AZFb, AZFc) that play an important role in male fertility and also host Y-STRs commonly used in forensic genetics. Here, we describe two cases, involving two males formerly included in an Italian population study, where DYS448 and DYS626 loci, located within the AZFc region, simultaneously displayed a double deletion in one case and a double duplication in the other...
May 2015: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Stefania Turrina, Melissa Ferrian, Stefano Caratti, Domenico De Leo
Autosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) analysis represents the method of election in forensic genetics and up to now, 23 STRs are available for these purposes. However, in particular circumstances such as human identification or complex kinship cases, examination of additional STRs may be required in order to obtain reliable conclusions. For this purpose, a new multiplex STR system, namely Investigator® HDplex kit (QIAGEN) that coamplifies a set of 12 autosomal loci, 9 of which, represents novel supplementary STRs, was recently developed...
July 2015: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Stefania Turrina, Stefano Caratti, Melissa Ferrian, Domenico De Leo
The PowerPlex® Y 23 System (Promega) is a short tandem repeat (STR) multiplex that allows co-amplification of 23 gonosomal Y-STRs, combining 17 loci commonly included in commercially available kits (DYS389I, DYS448, DYS389II, DYS19, DYS391, DYS438, DYS437, DYS635, DYS390, DYS439, DYS392, DYS393, DYS458, DYS385a/b, DYS456, and Y-GATA-H4) and six new loci (DYS481, DYS549, DYS533, DYS643, DYS576, and DYS570) with the last two being rapidly mutating Y-STRs (RM Y-STRs). In order to assess the possible gain in forensic efficiency provided by the six additional markers, a population sample of 410 unrelated healthy males originating from Northeast Italy (Veneto, Trentino Alto Adige, Lombardia, and Friuli Venezia Giulia regions) was typed...
July 2015: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Kaye N Ballantyne, Arwin Ralf, Rachid Aboukhalid, Niaz M Achakzai, Maria J Anjos, Qasim Ayub, Jože Balažic, Jack Ballantyne, David J Ballard, Burkhard Berger, Cecilia Bobillo, Mehdi Bouabdellah, Helen Burri, Tomas Capal, Stefano Caratti, Jorge Cárdenas, François Cartault, Elizeu F Carvalho, Monica Carvalho, Baowen Cheng, Michael D Coble, David Comas, Daniel Corach, Maria E D'Amato, Sean Davison, Peter de Knijff, Maria Corazon A De Ungria, Ronny Decorte, Tadeusz Dobosz, Berit M Dupuy, Samir Elmrghni, Mateusz Gliwiński, Sara C Gomes, Laurens Grol, Cordula Haas, Erin Hanson, Jürgen Henke, Lotte Henke, Fabiola Herrera-Rodríguez, Carolyn R Hill, Gunilla Holmlund, Katsuya Honda, Uta-Dorothee Immel, Shota Inokuchi, Mark A Jobling, Mahmoud Kaddura, Jong S Kim, Soon H Kim, Wook Kim, Turi E King, Eva Klausriegler, Daniel Kling, Lejla Kovačević, Leda Kovatsi, Paweł Krajewski, Sergey Kravchenko, Maarten H D Larmuseau, Eun Young Lee, Ruediger Lessig, Ludmila A Livshits, Damir Marjanović, Marek Minarik, Natsuko Mizuno, Helena Moreira, Niels Morling, Meeta Mukherjee, Patrick Munier, Javaregowda Nagaraju, Franz Neuhuber, Shengjie Nie, Premlaphat Nilasitsataporn, Takeki Nishi, Hye H Oh, Jill Olofsson, Valerio Onofri, Jukka U Palo, Horolma Pamjav, Walther Parson, Michal Petlach, Christopher Phillips, Rafal Ploski, Samayamantri P R Prasad, Dragan Primorac, Gludhug A Purnomo, Josephine Purps, Hector Rangel-Villalobos, Krzysztof Rębała, Budsaba Rerkamnuaychoke, Danel Rey Gonzalez, Carlo Robino, Lutz Roewer, Alexandra Rosa, Antti Sajantila, Andrea Sala, Jazelyn M Salvador, Paula Sanz, Cornelia Schmitt, Anil K Sharma, Dayse A Silva, Kyoung-Jin Shin, Titia Sijen, Miriam Sirker, Daniela Siváková, Vedrana Skaro, Carlos Solano-Matamoros, Luis Souto, Vlastimil Stenzl, Herawati Sudoyo, Denise Syndercombe-Court, Adriano Tagliabracci, Duncan Taylor, Andreas Tillmar, Iosif S Tsybovsky, Chris Tyler-Smith, Kristiaan J van der Gaag, Daniel Vanek, Antónia Völgyi, Denise Ward, Patricia Willemse, Eric P H Yap, Rita Y Y Yong, Irena Zupanič Pajnič, Manfred Kayser
Relevant for various areas of human genetics, Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) are commonly used for testing close paternal relationships among individuals and populations, and for male lineage identification. However, even the widely used 17-loci Yfiler set cannot resolve individuals and populations completely. Here, 52 centers generated quality-controlled data of 13 rapidly mutating (RM) Y-STRs in 14,644 related and unrelated males from 111 worldwide populations. Strikingly, >99% of the 12,272 unrelated males were completely individualized...
August 2014: Human Mutation
Stefania Turrina, Melissa Ferrian, Stefano Caratti, Domenico De Leo
The PowerPlex® Fusion System (Promega, Madison, WI) is a short tandem repeat (STR) multiplex that allows co-amplification of 22 autosomal STRs, including the CODIS core and the European Standard Set loci, plus amelogenin for gender determination and DYS391 male specific marker included in order to avoid errors in gender assignment when null Y-alleles or deletions of the Y-chromosome short arm involve the amelogenin locus. Allele frequencies and forensic efficiency parameters were estimated in a population sample of 303 unrelated healthy individuals living in Northern Italy...
March 2014: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Serena Pasino, Stefano Caratti, Massimiliano Del Pero, Alfredo Santovito, Carlo Torre, Carlo Robino
Twenty-one X-chromosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci, including the six clusters of linked markers DXS10148-DXS10135-DXS8378 (Xp22), DXS7132-DXS10079-DXS10074 (Xq12), DXS6801-DXS6809-DXS6789 (Xq21), DXS7424-DXS101 (Xq22), DXS10103-HPRTB-DXS10101 (Xq26), DXS8377-DXS10146-DXS10134-DXS7423 (Xq28) and the loci DXS6800, GATA172D05 and DXS10011 were typed in a population sample from Ivory Coast (n=125; 51 men and 74 women). Allele and haplotype frequencies as well as linkage disequilibrium data for kinship calculations are provided...
September 2011: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Stefano Caratti, Luca Rossi, Bruno Sona, Silvia Origlia, Silvana Viara, Giuseppe Martano, Carlo Torre, Carlo Robino
STR profiling of animal species has a wide range of applications, including forensic identification, wildlife preservation, veterinary public health protection and food safety. We tested the efficacy of a multiplex PCR-based assay including 11 porcine-specific tetrameric STRs in a population sample of wild boars (n=142) originating from Piedmont (North West Italy). Multiple deviations from Hardy-Weinberg expectations were observed, mostly due to a reduction in observed heterozygosity indicative of a high degree of inbreeding...
October 2010: Forensic Science International. Genetics
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