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atypical plexus choroid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783147/marrow-ablative-chemotherapy-followed-by-tandem-autologous-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-in-pediatric-patients-with-malignant-brain-tumors
#1
J A Guerra, G Dhall, A Marachelian, E Castillo, J Malvar, K Wong, R Sposto, J L Finlay
To improve survival in young children with malignant brain tumors, irradiation-avoiding or -minimizing marrow-ablative chemotherapy (HDCx) with autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AuHCT) has been investigated. We evaluated the outcome of 44 children with malignant brain tumors treated with HDCx and tandem AuHCT at Children's Hospital Los Angeles between June 1999 and July 2012. Forty-four children with malignant brain tumors were studied. Twenty-one had medulloblastoma/primitive neuro-ectodermal tumor, eight atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (ATRT), five high-grade glioma, four malignant germ cell tumor, three ependymoma and three choroid plexus carcinoma...
August 7, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686125/atypical-choroid-plexus-papilloma-spontaneous-resolution-of-diffuse-leptomeningeal-contrast-enhancement-after-primary-tumor-removal-in-2-pediatric-cases
#2
Marcello Scala, Giovanni Morana, Claudia Milanaccio, Marco Pavanello, Paolo Nozza, Maria Luisa Garrè
Atypical choroid plexus papillomas can metastasize in the form of leptomeningeal seeding. Postoperative chemotherapy is the recommended first-line treatment when gross-total removal is not achieved or in cases of disseminated disease. Here the authors report on 2 children with atypical choroid plexus papillomas and MRI findings of diffuse leptomeningeal enhancement at diagnosis, later presenting with spontaneous resolution of the leptomeningeal involvement after removal of the primary lesions. Observations in this report expand our knowledge about the natural history and biological behavior of these tumors and highlight the role of close neuroimaging surveillance in the management of atypical choroid plexus papillomas in cases with MRI evidence of diffuse leptomeningeal enhancement at presentation...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677107/a-french-retrospective-study-on-clinical-outcome-in-102-choroid-plexus-tumors-in-children
#3
A Siegfried, S Morin, C Munzer, M B Delisle, M Gambart, S Puget, C A Maurage, C Miquel, C Dufour, P Leblond, N André, D Figarella Branger, J Kanold, J-L Kemeny, C Icher, A Vital, E Uro Coste, A I Bertozzi
The aim of this study was to review and describe therapeutic approaches in children with choroid plexus tumor (CPT) based on a nationwide series. The World Health Organization classification subdivides these rare tumors into three histological subtypes corresponding to three grades of malignancy: low grade (grade I) choroid plexus papilloma (CPP), intermediate grade (grade II) atypical choroid plexus papilloma (aCPP) and high grade (grade III) choroid plexus carcinoma (CPC). This retrospective study included 102 French children younger than 18 years, treated from 2000 to 2012: 54 CPP, 26 aCPP and 22 CPC...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454280/imaging-findings-of-extraventricular-choroid-plexus-papillomas-a-study-of-10-cases
#4
Yuzhen Shi, Xiaoshuang Li, Xiao Chen, Yiming Xu, Genji Bo, Hao Zhou, Yongkang Liu, Guoxing Zhou, Zhongqiu Wang
Extraventricular choroid plexus papillomas (CPPs) are rare. In this study, we reveal the imaging findings of CPPs located in extraventricular sites. The imaging findings of 11 masses [10 masses on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and one mass on computed tomography (CT)] of extraventricular CPP in 10 patients were retrospectively observed. The mass site, size, contour, signal intensity, cystic or solid appearance, calcification, capsules, degree and pattern of enhancement, and hydrocephalus were evaluated based on CT or MRI...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421905/ultrasonic-elastography-exploration-of-the-foetal-brain-a-case-of-atypical-choroid-plexus-papilloma
#5
Caroline Diguisto, Emmanuel G Simon, Samuel Callé, Redouane Ternifi, Jean-Pierre Remeniéras, Philipe Hervé, Franck Perrotin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358248/atypical-choroid-plexus-papilloma-clinicopathological-and-neuroradiological-features
#6
Yu-Zhen Shi, Mao-Zhen Chen, Wei Huang, Li-Li Guo, Xiao Chen, Dan Kong, Ying-Ying Zhuang, Yi-Ming Xu, Rui-Rui Zhang, Gen-Ji Bo, Zhong-Qiu Wang
Background Atypical choroid plexus papilloma (APP) is a rare, newly introduced entity with intermediate characteristics. To date, few reports have revealed the magnetic resonance (MR) findings. Purpose To analyze the clinicopathological and MR features of APP. Material and Methods The clinicopathological data and preoperative MR images of six patients with pathologically proven APP were retrospectively reviewed. The MR features including tumor location, contour, signal intensity, degree of enhancement, intratumoral cysts, and necrosis; and flow voids, borders, peritumoral edema, and associated hydrocephalus were analyzed...
August 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291373/neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-atypical-teratoid-rhabdoid-tumors-case-report
#7
Meena Thatikunta, Ian Mutchnick, Jennifer Elster, Matthew P Thompson, Michael A Huang, Aaron C Spalding, Thomas Moriarty
Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors (ATRTs) are a rare pediatric brain tumor with high mortality rate. Several large series have reported achieving gross-total resection (GTR) in less than 50% of patients due to the lesions' large size, vascularity, and limited blood volume in young patients. While neoadjuvant chemotherapy for choroid plexus carcinomas in pediatric patients has become widely accepted, it has not been used as widely for other pediatric brain tumors. To the best of the authors' knowledge, there are only 3 published cases of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for ATRTs...
May 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290001/choroid-plexus-tumors-in-adult-and-pediatric-populations-the-cleveland-clinic-and-university-hospitals-experience
#8
Michal Bahar, Hasan Hashem, Tanya Tekautz, Sarah Worley, Anne Tang, Peter de Blank, Johannes Wolff
Choroid plexus tumors (CPT) are rare neoplasms accounting for 1-4% of all pediatric brain tumors. They are divided into choroid plexus papilloma (CPP), atypical choroid plexus papilloma (APP) and choroid plexus carcinoma (CPC). CPTs are known to primarily affect children less than 2 years of age. Gross total resection is the most important predictor of survival especially in CPC. Although small case series have been published, limited clinical data are available to describe treatment and outcome of CPTs. More clinical data would be necessary to complete the picture, particularly in populations that are not age limited...
May 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180935/clinicopathological-features-and-microsurgical-outcomes-for-giant-pediatric-intracranial-tumor-in-60-consecutive-cases
#9
Ailing Guo, Vigneyshwar Suresh, Xianzhi Liu, Fuyou Guo
PURPOSE: Giant pediatric intracranial tumor (GPIT) remains to be a challenging disease with high morbidity and mortality. METHODS: The clinical data of 60 patients under 18 years of age operated on with GPIT (≥5 cm in diameter) were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Gross total resection was achieved in 46 cases (77%) and subtotal resection was obtained in 14 cases (23%). Ninety percent (47/52) of the cases with obstructive hydrocephalus were resolved remarkably and only 10% (5/52) of the patients needed a ventriculoperitoneal shunt after tumor resection...
March 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062214/in-utero-exposure-to-atypical-antipsychotic-drug-risperidone-effects-on-fetal-neurotoxicity-in-hippocampal-region-and-cognitive-impairment-in-rat-offspring
#10
K P Singh, Manoj Kr Singh
Clinical studies indicate that about one-third of pregnant women with psychotic symptoms are exposed to either typical or atypical antipsychotic drugs (APDs). Reports on prenatal subject/model are lacking hence, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of prenatal exposure to risperidone (RIS) on the fetal hippocampus, and their related functional changes in young rat offspring. In this study, pregnant Wistar rats were exposed to equivalent therapeutic doses of RIS at 0.8mg/kg, 1.0mg/kg, and 2...
April 3, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025236/otx2-defines-a-subgroup-of-atypical-teratoid-rhabdoid-tumors-with-close-relationship-to-choroid-plexus-tumors
#11
Anna Sophia Japp, Ludger Klein-Hitpass, Dorota Denkhaus, Torsten Pietsch
Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors (ATRT) are highly malignant brain tumors of early childhood that have been regarded as a homogenous entity characterized by inactivation of the SMARCB1/INI1 or SMARCA4/BRG1 genes as the only characteristic alteration. Recent studies suggest that similar to other embryonal tumors ATRT can also be divided into subgroups based on their mRNA or methylation profiles. Using microarray-based expression analysis of 12 patient ATRT specimens we demonstrated the existence of 2 subgroups of ATRT...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506402/choroid-plexus-papillomas-of-the-cerebellopontine-angle
#12
Wei Luo, Hai Liu, Jiaxin Li, Jun Yang, Yulun Xu
OBJECTIVE: Choroid plexus papillomas (CPPs) of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) are extremely rare. We present a series of 21 cases operated on in the last 7 years at our institution. METHODS: During the period from January 2008 to October 2015, we encountered 102 histologically established cases of CPPs, of which 21 were located in the CPA region. Clinical profiles, radiologic features, surgical procedures, intraoperative findings, and outcomes were extracted from the patient records and neuroimaging data...
November 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442759/metachronous-type-i-pleuropulmonary-blastoma-and-atypical-choroid-plexus-papilloma-in-a-young-child
#13
David J Liu, Renee Perrier, Xing-Chang Wei, Jeffrey T Joseph, Douglas Strother
Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a rare childhood tumor, often associated with germline DICER1 mutations and a risk for development of other benign and malignant tumors, a constellation termed DICER1 syndrome. A 1-year-old male was diagnosed with Type I PPB and screened regularly thereafter for detection of intrathoracic and intraabdominal disease. Ten months after diagnosis of PPB, he presented with headaches and vomiting. He was diagnosed with atypical choroid plexus papilloma, a lesion not previously reported with PPB...
December 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372242/disseminated-choroid-plexus-papillomas-in-adults-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Marwah M Abdulkader, Nassir H Mansour, Jamie J Van Gompel, Gregory A Bosh, Edward J Dropcho, Jose M Bonnin, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol
Choroid plexus papillomas (CPPs) are uncommon, usually intraventricular, low-grade tumors, accounting for less than 1% of all intracranial neoplasms and 2-4% of brain tumors in children. Dissemination of CPPs to multiple levels of the neuraxis has been seldom observed. Thus far, only 26 adult patients have been reported in the English language literature. With some exceptions, disseminated CPPs have been observed in adults and involved multiple sites along the cerebrospinal fluid pathways. Occasionally, intraparenchymal extension has been documented, and secondary involvement of the suprasellar region has been reported in only five patients...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323560/morphological-pattern-and-frequency-of-central-nervous-system-tumours-in-children
#15
Fatima Bilqees, Khaleeq Samina, Tahir Mohammad, Khaleeq-uz-Zamaan
BACKGROUND: Recent studies, including a comprehensive study by National Cancer Institute, have shown that a significant increase in the incidence of childhood brain tumours makes them the most common paediatric tumour. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency of central nervous system tumours in paediatric age group (0-12 years), and to segregate various morphologic types according to WHO classification. METHODS: The study included consecutive cases of central nervous system tumours diagnosed in children in the histopathology department at Federal Government Polyclinic, PGMI, Islamabad, during a period of 4...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26899566/use-of-dynamic-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-to-investigate-choroid-plexus-function-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Joël Daouk, Roger Bouzerar, Bader Chaarani, Jadwiga Zmudka, Marc-Etienne Meyer, Olivier Balédent
Choroid plexuses (CPs) are structures involved in CSF production and cerebral regulation and present atypical glucose metabolism. In addition, CPs impairment may be related to Alzheimer disease (AD). In the present study, we present the first results pointing out glucose metabolism in the CP with dynamic fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (dynamic (18)F-FDG-PET). We studied 47 elderly adults who were classified into three classes: healthy subjects (HS), amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and AD...
May 2016: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26801774/rare-primary-central-nervous-system-tumors-encountered-in-pediatrics
#17
Kim Kramer
As part of the special issue on Pediatric Neuro-Oncology, this article will focus on 4 of the rarer tumors in this spectrum, including atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors, embryonal tumors with multilayered rosettes, choroid plexus tumors, and pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma. Incidence and current understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of these tumors are discussed, and avenues of therapy both current and prospective are explored.
October 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26478476/choroid-plexus-tumors-experience-of-10-cases-with-special-references-to-adult-cases
#18
Manoj Bohara, Masashi Hirabaru, Shingo Fujio, Michiyo Higashi, Hajime Yonezawa, Prasanna Karki, Ryosuke Hanaya, Hirofumi Hirano, Hiroshi Tokimura, Kazunori Arita
Choroid plexus tumors (CPTs) are rare intraventricular neoplasms accounting for about 0.3-0.6% of all intracranial tumors. This retrospective study on CPTs presents clinico-pathological features and management strategies based on a 20-year single-institutional experience. This series included 10 consecutive patients with pathologically proven CPTs; 5 choroid plexus papillomas (CPPs), 3 atypical CPPs (ACPPs), and 2 choroid plexus carcinomas (CPCs). Their clinical, radiological, and histopathological features as well as management including follow-up studies were reviewed...
2015: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26445956/microsurgical-treatment-of-atypical-choroid-plexus-papilloma-in-the-fourth-ventricle
#19
LETTER
Ermeng Ma, Jun Wang, Geifei Guan, Wei Wei, Yunjie Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26209253/-choroid-plexus-tumours-in-childhood-experience-in-sant-joan-de-d%C3%A3-u-hospital
#20
Clara Maria Del Río-Pérez, Mariona Suñol-Capella, Ofelia Cruz-Martinez, Gemma Garcia-Fructuoso
Choroid plexus tumours are rare, with a peak incidence in the first two years of life. The most common location is the lateral ventricle in children, while in adults it is the fourth ventricle. The most common clinical manifestation is the signs and symptoms of intracranial hypertension. They are histologically classified as plexus papilloma, atypical plexus papilloma, and plexus carcinoma. A review is presented on choroid plexus tumours treated in the Hospital Sant Joan de Déu between 1980 and 2014. A total of 18 patients have been treated...
March 2016: Neurocirugía
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