keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intersex

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775964/time-matters-for-intersex-bodies-between-socio-medical-time-and-somatic-time
#1
Limor Meoded Danon
This article focuses on the dynamic relationships between time and intersex bodies that exist, on the one hand, in medical policy on intersex bodies and, on the other, in intersex people's subjective experiences. Time, from a sociological perspective, is a biosocial agent that establishes diagnostic practices, regulations, and treatment policy regarding intersex bodies. The systematic construction of timeframes by biomedical professionals aims to rapidly diagnose and treat intersex patients and is deeply rooted in the "dimorphic soma-gender order" (DMSGO), the imagined unified relationship of female bodies to femininity and male bodies to masculinity...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736897/the-normalization-of-intersex-bodies-and-othering-of-intersex-identities-in-australia
#2
EDITORIAL
Morgan Carpenter
Once described as hermaphrodites and later as intersex people, individuals born with intersex variations are routinely subject to so-called "normalizing" medical interventions, often in childhood. Opposition to such practices has been met by attempts to discredit critics and reasserted clinical authority over the bodies of women and men with "disorders of sex development." However, claims of clinical consensus have been selectively constructed and applied and lack evidence. Limited transparency and lack of access to justice have helped to perpetuate forced interventions...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734625/organic-contaminants-in-african-aquatic-systems-current-knowledge-health-risks-and-future-research-directions
#3
REVIEW
Willis Gwenzi, Nhamo Chaukura
Organic contaminants (OCs) are increasingly being reported in African aquatic systems, yet a critical evaluation of the literature is still lacking. The objectives of this review were to: (1) identify hotspot reservoirs, transfer pathways and ecological and human risks of OCs, (2) identify potential interventions to minimize the health risks, and (3) highlight knowledge gaps and research constraints. OCs widely reported in aquatic systems include pesticides, pharmaceuticals, plasticizers, solvents, endocrine disrupting compounds, and antimicrobial resistance genes, originating from applications in crop protection, veterinary and animal husbandry, human sanitation and hygiene, human vector and disease control...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733759/teleology-and-defining-sex
#4
Nathan K Gamble, Michal Pruski
Disorders of sexual differentiation lead to what is often referred to as an intersex state. This state has medical, as well as some legal, recognition. Nevertheless, the question remains whether intersex persons occupy a state in between maleness and femaleness or whether they are truly men or women. To answer this question, another important conundrum needs to be first solved: what defines sex? The answer seems rather simple to most people, yet when morphology does not coincide with haplotypes, and genetics might not correlate with physiology the issue becomes more complex...
May 7, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655906/substance-use-and-sex-index-susi-first-stage-development-of-an-assessment-tool-to-measure-behaviour-change-in-sexualised-drug-use-for-substance-use-treatment-studies
#5
Nadine Ezard, Beatrice Webb, Brendan Clifford, Michael E Cecilio, Amanda Jellie, Toby Lea, Craig Rodgers, Simon Ruth, Raimondo Bruno
BACKGROUND: Existing tools for measuring blood-borne virus (BBV) and sexually transmitted infection (STI) transmission risk behaviours in substance use interventions have limited capacity to assess risk behaviours across varied social, cultural and epidemiological contexts; have not evolved alongside HIV treatment and prevention innovations; or accounted for sexual contexts of drug use including among a range of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer (LGBTIQ) sub-communities...
April 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649703/modeling-the-exposure-of-wild-fish-to-endocrine-active-chemicals-potential-linkages-of-total-estrogenicity-to-field-observed-intersex
#6
Maricor J Arlos, Wayne J Parker, José R Bicudo, Pam Law, Keegan A Hicks, Meghan L M Fuzzen, Susan A Andrews, Mark R Servos
Decades of studies on endocrine disruption have suggested the need to manage the release of key estrogens from municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTP). However, the proposed thresholds are below the detection limits of most routine chemical analysis, thereby restricting the ability of watershed managers to assess the environmental exposure appropriately. In this study, we demonstrated the utility of a mechanistic model to address the data gaps on estrogen exposure. Concentrations of the prominent estrogenic contaminants in wastewaters (estrone, estradiol, and ethinylestradiol) were simulated in the Grand River in southern Ontario (Canada) for nine years, including a period when major WWTP upgrades occurred...
April 3, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606626/gender-dysphoria-and-gender-change-in-disorders-of-sex-development-intersex-conditions-results-from-the-dsd-life-study
#7
Baudewijntje P C Kreukels, Birgit Köhler, Anna Nordenström, Robert Roehle, Ute Thyen, Claire Bouvattier, Annelou L C de Vries, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis
BACKGROUND: Information on the psychosexual outcome of individuals with disorders of sex development (DSDs) and intersex conditions is of great importance for sex assignment at birth of newborns with DSD. AIM: To assess gender change and gender dysphoria in a large sample of individuals with different DSDs. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 14 European centers with 1,040 participants (717 female-identifying and 311 male-identifying persons and 12 persons identifying with another gender) with different forms of DSD...
May 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595517/parental-perception-of-terminology-of-disorders-of-sex-development-in-western-turkey-running-head-parental-perception-of-dsd-terminology
#8
Sibel Tiryaki, Ali Tekin, Ismail Yagmur, Samim Özen, Burcu Özbaran, Damla Gökşen, Şükran Darcan, İbrahim Ulman, Ali Avanoğlu
OBJECTIVE: "Disorders of sex development (DSD)" is a nomenclature proposed to defeat the discomfort of families and patients and has found worldwide usage. The aim of this study is addressing the perception and usage of terminology among the parents of DSD patients in a tertiary center in western Turkey. METHODS: The records of the DSD council between years 2008-2015 were reviewed retrospectively and data including details of the management process, patient characteristics and follow-up details were noted...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577501/the-art-of-brain-expression
#9
Astrid Böhne
When trying to find a mate, one might think about using a dating app. Imagine that someone else has installed the same app and tries to access the same potential mates that you have chosen, and that this someone uses false facts about himself/herself to increase the chance of dating someone before you or anyone else with honest status information does. Sounds familiar? It actually is, and in no way is such comportment restricted to human courtship behaviour. Alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs) are widespread in the animal kingdom...
February 2018: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573014/a-modified-continuous-quality-improvement-approach-to-improve-culturally-and-socially-inclusive-care-within-rural-health-services
#10
Olivia Mitchell, Christina Malatzky, Lisa Bourke, Jane Farmer
BACKGROUND: The sickest Australians are often those belonging to non-privileged groups, including Indigenous Australians, gay, lesbian, bisexual, transsexual, intersex and queer people, people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds, socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, and people with disabilities and low English literacy. These consumers are not always engaged by, or included within, mainstream health services, particularly in rural Australia where health services are limited in number and tend to be generalist in nature...
March 23, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568226/diagnosing-sex-intersex-surgery-and-sex-change-in-britain-1930-1955
#11
David Andrew Griffiths
The medical 'management' of individuals with atypical sex characteristics, or intersex variations, has been under scrutiny since the beginnings of intersex activism in the 1990s. This article explores a history of intersex surgeries in Britain and the interaction with medical and popular discourses around 'sex-change' between 1930 and 1955. A focus on this period in Britain helps to critically elaborate on debates in intersex scholarship; provides historical context for the introduction of approaches and protocols based on John Money and colleagues' work in the USA in the mid-century; and analyses a long history of tension and intersection between trans and intersex experiences, treatments, politics and popular representations that continue into the present...
March 2018: Sexualities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546597/proteome-and-transcriptome-analysis-of-ovary-intersex-gonads-and-testis-reveals-potential-key-sex-reversal-differentiation-genes-and-mechanism-in-scallop-chlamys-nobilis
#12
Yu Shi, Wenguang Liu, Maoxian He
Bivalve mollusks exhibit hermaphroditism and sex reversal/differentiation. Studies generally focus on transcriptional profiling and specific genes related to sex determination and differentiation. Few studies on sex reversal/differentiation have been reported. A combination analysis of gonad proteomics and transcriptomics was conducted on Chlamys nobilis to provide a systematic understanding of sex reversal/differentiation in bivalves. We obtained 4258 unique peptides and 93,731 unigenes with good correlation between messenger RNA and protein levels...
April 2018: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536303/sex-determination-model-in-pink-salmon-oncorhynchus-gorbuscha-walbaum-1792-salmonidae-osteichthyes-controlled-by-multi-copy-genes-located-in-sex-chromosomes
#13
A A Makhrov, V S Artamonova, O V Kolmakova, M V Ponomareva
This article is devoted to presenting the hypothesis explaining the fact of a considerable prevalence of phenotypic males among the triploid pink salmon as well as the regular occurrence of intersexes, which were revealed by us. This hypothesis also explains the large proportion (in some cases) in pink salmon populations of the individuals whose genetic sex does not match the phenotypic sex. We assume that the genes encoding the factors that contribute to the transformation of individuals into males (but not the marker sequences of the Y chromosome) are present not only in the Y chromosome of pink salmon but also in the X chromosome, although in smaller quantities...
January 2018: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481855/the-evolution-of-methods-for-urinary-steroid-metabolomics-in-clinical-investigations-particularly-in-childhood
#14
REVIEW
John W Honour, E Conway, R Hodkinson, F Lam
The metabolites of cortisol, and the intermediates in the pathways from cholesterol to cortisol and the adrenal sex steroids can be analysed in a single separation of steroids by gas chromatography (GC) coupled to MS to give a urinary steroid profile (USP). Steroids individually and in profile are now commonly measured in plasma by liquid chromatography (LC) coupled with MS/MS. The steroid conjugates in urine can be determined after hydrolysis and derivative formation and for the first time without hydrolysis using GC-MS, GC-MS/MS and liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466531/association-of-increased-chronicity-of-depression-with-hiv-appointment-attendance-treatment-failure-and-mortality-among-hiv-infected-adults-in-the-united-states
#15
Brian W Pence, Jon C Mills, Angela M Bengtson, Bradley N Gaynes, Tiffany L Breger, Robert L Cook, Richard D Moore, David J Grelotti, Conall O'Cleirigh, Michael J Mugavero
Importance: Depression commonly affects adults with HIV and complicates the management of HIV. Depression among individuals with HIV tends to be chronic and cyclical, but the association of this chronicity with HIV outcomes (and the related potential for screening and intervention to shorten depressive episodes) has received little attention. Objective: To examine the association between increased chronicity of depression and multiple HIV care continuum indicators (HIV appointment attendance, treatment failure, and mortality)...
February 21, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424285/shifting-syndromes-sex-chromosome-variations-and-intersex-classifications
#16
David Andrew Griffiths
The 2006 'Consensus statement on management of intersex disorders' recommended moving to a new classification of intersex variations, framed in terms of 'disorders of sex development' or DSD. Part of the rationale for this change was to move away from associations with gender, and to increase clarity by grounding the classification system in genetics. While the medical community has largely accepted the move, some individuals from intersex activist communities have condemned it. In addition, people both inside and outside the medical community have disagreed about what should be covered by the classification system, in particular whether sex chromosome variations and the related diagnoses of Turner and Klinefelter's syndromes should be included...
February 2018: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412309/-intersexuality-between-knowledge-and-interventions
#17
Paula Gaudenzi
This study proposes to reflect on the links between knowledge production and its daily effects on the field of sexuality, based on intersexuality as a contemporary issue. Intersexuality is an interesting object of analysis for such reflection, since it allows exploring the interfaces between knowledge production on sexuality, power relations between professionals, intersex persons, and their families, use of embodiment technologies, conceptions of the normal and natural body, formation of subjectivities, and the shaping of a new social, political, and moral order heavily associated with subjects' biological constitution...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395699/problematising-lgbtiq-drug-use-governing-sexuality-and-gender-a-critical-analysis-of-lgbtiq-health-policy-in-australia
#18
Kiran Pienaar, Dean A Murphy, Kane Race, Toby Lea
It is well-established that a high prevalence of substance use is found in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer (LGBTIQ) populations; a finding that researchers attribute to the stigmatised status of non-normative sexual and gender expression, and the role of illicit drug use in the collective production of socio-sexual pleasures, expressivity and disclosure in LGBTIQ communities. Despite the connections between sexual experimentation and substance use, LGBTIQ consumption practices have rarely received the attention they deserve within the alcohol and other drug (AOD) field...
January 24, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357278/social-factors-and-aromatase-gene-expression-during-adult-male-to-female-sex-change-in-captive-leopard-grouper-mycteroperca-rosacea
#19
Daniel Romo-Mendoza, Rafael Campos-Ramos, Grecia Vázquez-Islas, Mario A Burgos-Aceves, Edgar R Esquivel-Gutiérrez, Danitzia A Guerrero-Tortolero
Social factors and aromatase gene expression in the leopard grouper Mycteroperca rosacea was studied when captive fish were separated by sex during the reproductive (April-June) and post-reproductive (July-September) seasons. Monosex females, monosex males, and mixed-sex, held in social sextet units were analyzed for sex steroids throughout confinement. At the end of the experiment, the gonad-sex was defined by histology, and gonad and brain aromatase gene expressions were quantified. Only males held in the monosex social units changed sex...
January 25, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323576/preserving-the-reproductive-potential-of-transgender-and-intersex-people
#20
Sam Rowlands, Jean-Jacques Amy
BACKGROUND: The bodies of some transgender and intersex people have been mutilated and their minds subjected to immense distress. Their gender has often been determined by others. Loss of fertility used to be considered an inevitable consequence of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To review the issue of preserving the reproductive potential of transgender and intersex people. METHODS: A narrative review based on a wide-ranging search of the literature in multiple disciplines...
February 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
keyword
keyword
6157
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"