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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323576/preserving-the-reproductive-potential-of-transgender-and-intersex-people
#1
Sam Rowlands, Jean-Jacques Amy
BACKGROUND: The bodies of some transgender and intersex people have been mutilated and their minds subjected to immense distress. Their gender has often been determined by others. Loss of fertility used to be considered an inevitable consequence of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To review the issue of preserving the reproductive potential of transgender and intersex people. METHODS: A narrative review based on a wide-ranging search of the literature in multiple disciplines...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309754/providing-quality-family-planning-services-to-lgbtqia-individuals-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
David A Klein, Erin N Berry-Bibee, Kristin Keglovitz Baker, Nikita M Malcolm, Julia M Rollison, Brittni N Frederiksen
OBJECTIVE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning, intersex and asexual (LGBTQIA) individuals have unique sexual and reproductive health needs; however, facilitators and barriers to optimal care are largely understudied. The objective of this study was to synthesize findings from a systematic review of the literature regarding the provision of quality family planning services to LGBTQIA clients to inform clinical and research strategies. STUDY DESIGN: Sixteen electronic bibliographic databases (e...
January 5, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248761/low-dose-metformin-exposure-causes-changes-in-expression-of-endocrine-disruption-associated-genes
#3
Nicholas J Niemuth, Rebecca D Klaper
The presence of intersex fish in watersheds around the world is a warning of the presence of anthropogenic endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs) being deposited into the aquatic environment. The anti-diabetic drug metformin is among the most prevalent and ubiquitous of the myriad pharmaceuticals found in wastewater effluent and watersheds worldwide. In addition to its prescription for type-2 diabetes, metformin is indicated as a treatment in cancers and the endocrine disorder polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)...
December 8, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203388/the-occurrence-of-intersex-fishes-in-boulder-creek-colorado-is-a-recent-phenomenon
#4
David O Norris, Ashley L Bolden, Alan M Vajda
Gonads were examined visually and histologically from white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) and fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) isolated from museum specimens collected from Boulder Creek, Colorado. These fishes were collected between 42 and 102 years ago before addition of large quantities of estrogenic chemicals via wastewater effluent was reported to disrupt reproductive structures and functions in white suckers living in Boulder Creek downstream of the wastewater treatment facility (WWTF) and in test exposures of fathead minnows to wastewater effluent at the WWTF...
December 1, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202694/alternative-patterns-of-sex-chromosome-differentiation-in-aedes-aegypti-l
#5
Corey L Campbell, Laura B Dickson, Saul Lozano-Fuentes, Punita Juneja, Francis M Jiggins, William C Black
BACKGROUND: Some populations of West African Aedes aegypti, the dengue and zika vector, are reproductively incompatible; our earlier study showed that divergence and rearrangements of genes on chromosome 1, which bears the sex locus (M), may be involved. We also previously described a proposed cryptic subspecies SenAae (PK10, Senegal) that had many more high inter-sex FST genes on chromosome 1 than did Ae.aegypti aegypti (Aaa, Pai Lom, Thailand). The current work more thoroughly explores the significance of those findings...
December 4, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171887/freezing-eggs-and-creating-patients-moral-risks-of-commercialized-fertility
#6
Elizabeth Reis, Samuel Reis-Dennis
There's no doubt that reproductive technologies can transform lives for the better. Infertile couples and single, lesbian, gay, intersex, and transgender people have the potential to form families in ways that would have been inconceivable years ago. Yet we are concerned about the widespread commercialization of certain egg-freezing programs, the messages they propagate about motherhood, the way they blur the line between care and experimentation, and the manipulative and exaggerated marketing that stretches the truth and inspires false hope in women of various ages...
December 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161889/intersections-of-physician-autonomy-religion-and-health-care-when-working-with-lgbt-patients
#7
Tara M Prairie, Bethany Wrye, Sarah Murfree
The purpose of this study is to explore the ways that some health care providers perceive the intersectionality of their autonomy, religious faith, and their medical practice, specifically when it comes to providing care for the LGBT+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, and asexual) community. Physicians (n = 25) and medical residents (n = 17) located in the southeast completed a qualitative survey regarding their views of working with LGBT+ patients. Five main themes resulted from the analysis: adequate education, communication, discrimination, duty versus physician autonomy, and religious exemption...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110358/temporal-variation-in-brain-transcriptome-is-associated-with-the-expression-of-female-mimicry-as-a-sequential-male-alternative-reproductive-tactic-in-fish
#8
Sara D Cardoso, David Gonçalves, Alexander Goesmann, Adelino V M Canário, Rui F Oliveira
Distinct patterns of gene expression often underlie intra- and inter-sexual differences, and the study of this set of co-regulated genes is essential to understand the emergence of complex behavioural phenotypes. Here, we describe the development of a de novo transcriptome and brain gene expression profiles of wild-caught peacock blenny, Salaria pavo, an intertidal fish with sex-role reversal in courtship behaviour (i.e. females are the courting sex) and sequential alternative reproductive tactics in males (i...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078253/vitellogenin-concentrations-in-feral-danish-brown-trout-have-decreased-an-effect-of-improved-sewage-treatment-in-rural-areas
#9
Jane E Morthorst, Karsten K Mathiesen, Henrik Holbech, Knud L Pedersen, Poul Bjerregaard
Feminization of male and juvenile fish caused by exposure to estrogens or estrogenic chemicals in effluents from central wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) is a worldwide issue of concern. Intersex and induction of the female yolk protein, vitellogenin, in male and juvenile fish are robust biomarkers for estrogenic exposure, and feminized fish have been observed downstream WWTP outlets in many countries. Danish central WWTPs reduce effluent estrogenicity effectively by advanced sewage treatment, and feminizations have not been observed downstream central WWTP outlets...
October 27, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072557/-gay-guys-are-shit-lovers-and-lesbians-are-obsessed-with-fingers-the-mis-representation-of-lgbtiq-people-in-thai-news-media
#10
Kangwan Fongkaew, Anoporn Khruataeng, Sumon Unsathit, Matawii Khamphiirathasana, Nisarat Jongwisan, Oranong Arlunaek, Jensen Byrne
This paper presents an analysis of news reports presenting information or opinions about Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Intersex and Queer (LGBTIQ) people taken from six Thai media outlets over a period of one year. The aim was to explore how LGBTIQ people are portrayed in news media narratives. LGBTIQ identities were found to be vastly underrepresented, and when represented were often represented inaccurately, stereotypically, harmfully or without a clear understanding of the diversity of sexual orientations, gender identities and gender expressions...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070532/bringing-back-the-term-intersex
#11
Johanna Viau-Colindres, Marni Axelrad, Lefkothea P Karaviti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067876/australian-doctors-knowledge-of-and-compliance-with-the-law-relating-to-end-of-life-decisions-implications-for-lgbti-patients
#12
Colleen Cartwright, Ben White, Lindy Willmott, Malcolm Parker, Gail Williams
In most developed countries, competent patients have the legal right to refuse any medical treatment; Advance Care Planning mechanisms extend this right to non-competent patients. However, some groups, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people, risk their wishes not being respected if they lose capacity, more than others. Little is known about medical practitioners' knowledge of, or attitudes to, the law in this area, especially in relation to LGBTI people, or how the law influences their decision-making...
October 25, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021672/the-size-and-shape-of-the-foramen-magnum-in-man
#13
Matthew J Zdilla, Michelle L Russell, Kaitlyn N Bliss, Kelsey R Mangus, Aaron W Koons
BACKGROUND: The foramen magnum (FM) has garnered broad interest across the disciplines of anthropology, comparative anatomy, evolutionary biology, and clinical sciences. Most studies regarding the structure of the FM in humans have been intrapopulation morphometric studies rather than interpopulation morphologic studies. The few studies assessing the morphology of the foramen have utilized ambiguous and subjective descriptors to describe foraminal shape and are, consequently, difficult to reproduce...
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994471/god-of-the-hinge-treating-lgbtqia-patients
#14
Annie Boland
This paper looks at systems of gender within the context of analysis. It explores the unique challenges of individuation faced by transsexual, transgender, gender queer, gender non-conforming, cross-dressing and intersex patients. To receive patients generously we need to learn how a binary culture produces profound and chronic trauma. These patients wrestle with being who they are whilst simultaneously receiving negative projections and feeling invisible. While often presenting with the struggles of gender conforming individuals, understanding the specifically gendered aspect of their identity is imperative...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986080/chronic-nitrate-exposure-alters-reproductive-physiology-in-fathead-minnows
#15
Kristen A Kellock, Adrian P Moore, Robert B Bringolf
Nitrate is a ubiquitous aquatic pollutant that is commonly associated with eutrophication and dead zones in estuaries around the world. At high concentrations nitrate is toxic to aquatic life but at environmental concentrations it has also been purported as an endocrine disruptor in fish. To investigate the potential for nitrate to cause endocrine disruption in fish, we conducted a lifecycle study with fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) exposed to nitrate (0, 11.3, and 56.5 mg/L (total nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N)) from <24 h post hatch to sexual maturity (209 days)...
October 3, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948447/gender-by-dasein-a-heideggerian-critique-of-suzanne-kessler-and-the-medical-management-of-infants-born-with-disorders-of-sexual-development
#16
Lauren L Baker
This article explores the relationship between gender, technology, language, and how infants and children born with disorders of sexual development are shaped into intelligible members of the community. The contemporary medical model maintains that children ought to be both socially and surgically assigned and reared as one particular gender. Gender scholar Suzanne Kessler rejects this position and argues for the acceptance of greater genital variability through the use of language. Using a Heideggerian lens, the main question I seek to answer in this article is: does Kessler's approach succeed in its aim to better treat individuals born with disorders of sexual development? I argue that Kessler is successful in offering practical solutions for persons with intersexed conditions to exist and flourish as intelligible members of the community, but that her project ultimately relies on power to "challenge forth" greater acceptance of genital variance...
September 25, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946588/changing-the-culture-of-neurodisability-through-language-and-sensitivity-of-providers-creating-a-safe-place-for-lgbtqia-people
#17
Alexander Moreno, Ari Laoch, Nathan D Zasler
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in sexual and gender diversity in neurorehabilitation. Healthcare professionals wanting to improve their practice know the importance of understanding the needs and expectations of specific communities. OBJECTIVE: To critically review the literature about neurological disorders in people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, asexual, and people with other sexual orientations and forms of gender expression (LGBTQIA+)...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942752/multiple-origins-of-parasitic-feminization-thelygeny-and-intersexuality-in-beach-hoppers-are-caused-by-paramyxid-parasites-not-microsporidia
#18
James Pickup, Joseph Edward Ironside
Within populations of the amphipod crustaceans Orchestia gammarellus and Orchestia aestuarensis, a proportion of females produce thelygenic (female-only) broods, which often contain intersexual individuals. This phenomenon is associated with the presence of two putative feminizing parasites, the paramyxid Paramarteilia orchestiae and the microsporidian Dictyocoela cavimanum, which frequently co-infect the same host. In order to determine which of the parasites causes feminization, Orchestia were resampled from the type locality of P...
September 25, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920018/neonatal-sex-assignment-in-disorders-of-sex-development-a-philosophical-introspection
#19
REVIEW
V Raveenthiran
Management of ambiguous genitalia is highly controversial. This condition was known previously as intersex and presently as disorders of sex development (DSD). There is no consensus regarding the choice, timing and method of sex assignment in neonates with DSD. Consensus conferences could not unify the views of various stakeholders and third parties. This article philosophically examines the nature and origin of such controversies. Misconception, bias and conflicting priorities are identified as the three cardinal sources of controversies...
July 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902689/experiences-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability-who-identify-as-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-queer-or-questioning-intersex-or-asexual-a-systematic-review-protocol
#20
Vemel Ramasamy, Fiona Rillotta, June Alexander
The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, appraise and synthesize the best available qualitative evidence on the lived experiences of adults with intellectual disability who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or questioning, intersex or asexual in mainstream society.
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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