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iodine uptake

Tina Skorjanc, Dinesh Shetty, Sudhir Sharma, Jesus Raya, Hassan Traboulsi, Dong-Suk Han, Jayesh Lalla, Ryan Newlon, Ramesh Jagannathan, Serdal Kirmizialtin, John-Carl Olsen, Ali Trabolsi
Owing to their chemical and thermal stabilities, high uptake capacities, and easy recyclability, covalent organic polymers (COPs) have shown promise as pollutant sponges. Here, we describe the use of diazo coupling to synthesize two cationic COPs, COP1++ and COP2++, that incorporate a viologen-based molecular switch and an organic macrocycle, calix[4]arene. Both COPs form nanosheets with height profiles of 6.00 and 8.00 nm, respectively, based on AFM measurements. The sheets remain morphologically intact upon one- or two-electron reductions of their viologen subunits...
April 17, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Jie Liu, Ran Xiao, Yan-Lung Wong, Xiao-Ping Zhou, Matthias Zeller, Allen D Hunter, Qianrong Fang, Li Liao, Zhengtao Xu
Using water as the sole solvent, the bifunctional molecule tetrakis(methylthio)-1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid (TMBD) was reacted with Cu(CH3 CN)4 BF4 to form a robust microporous metal-organic framework (MOF, CityU-7) featuring Cu(I) ions being simultaneously bonded to the carboxyl and thioether donors. The MOF solid is stable in air and can be easily activated by heating, without the need for treatment with organic solvents. The subnanoscopic pores (ca. 0.6 nm) of the host net allow for uptake of CO2 and H2 O but exhibit lesser sorption for N2 at 77 K...
April 17, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Atushi Nakano, Hidekazu Kawashima, Yoshinori Miyake, Tsutomu Zeniya, Akihide Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Koshino, Takashi Temma, Tetsuya Fukuda, Yoshiko Fujita, Akemi Kakino, Shigehiko Kanaya, Tatsuya Sawamura, Hidehiro Iida
Purpose: Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) plays a key role in endothelial dysfunction, vascular inflammation, and atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to assess blood clearance and in vivo kinetics of radiolabeled oxLDL in mice. Methods: We synthesized 123 I-oxLDL by the iodine monochloride method, and performed an uptake study in CHO cells transfected with lectin-like oxLDL receptor-1 (LOX-1). In addition, we evaluated the consistency between the 123 I-oxLDL autoradiogram and the fluorescence image of DiI-oxLDL after intravenous injection for both spleen and liver...
April 2018: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Agostino Chiaravalloti, Gaetano Barbagallo, Maria Ricci, Pasqualina Sannino, Georgios Karalis, Francesco Ursini, Orazio Schillaci
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between age and uptake of fluorine-18-L-dihydroxyphenylalanine (F-DOPA) in the brain and myocardial uptake of iodine-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine (I-MIBG) in normal adult participants. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: To this end, a total of 72 healthy participants were enroled. Of these, 37 individuals (male, 21; female, 16; mean age: 60±12 years; age range: 38-85 years) underwent F-DOPA PET/CT, whereas 35 individuals (male, 19; female, 16; mean age: 61±17 years; age range: 17-87 years) underwent I-MIBG scintigraphy...
April 11, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
William J Gee, Lauren E Hatcher, Christopher A Cameron, Clare Stubbs, Mark R Warren, Andrew D Burrows, Paul R Raithby
The uptake of gaseous iodine into the crystalline sponge material [(ZnI2 )3 (tpt)2 ]·0.7triphenylene·0.3PhNO2 ·0.7C6 H12 1 (tpt = 2,4,6-tris(4-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine) has been monitored by dynamic X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis. The X-ray analyses have enabled the location, quantity, uptake rate, and subsequent chemistry of the iodine upon inclusion into the pores to be determined. An uptake of 6.0 wt % (0.43 I2 per formula unit) was observed crystallographically over a period of 90 min before crystal degradation occurred...
April 12, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Anastasia Loktev, Thomas Lindner, Walter Mier, Jürgen Debus, Annette Altmann, Dirk Jäger, Frederik Giesel, Clemens Kratochwil, Philippe Barthe, Christian Roumestand, Uwe Haberkorn
The tumor stroma, which accounts for a large part of the tumor mass, represents an attractive target for the delivery of diagnostic and therapeutic compounds. Here, the focus is notably on a subpopulation of stromal cells, known as cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), which are present in more than 90% of epithelial carcinomas including pancreatic, colon and breast cancer. CAFs feature a high expression of fibroblast activation protein (FAP), which is not detectable in adult normal tissue but associated with a poor prognosis in cancer patients...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Trevor E Angell, Olivia Van Benschoten, David A Cohen, Andrea V Haas, Erik K Alexander, Ellen Marqusee
OBJECTIVE: Thyrotropin (TSH) receptor antibody (TRAb) testing is considered accurate for the diagnosis of Graves' disease (GD), and had been identified rarely in thyrotoxic patients without GD. We describe four patients with transient thyrotoxicosis and positive TRAb to highlight this clinical possibility. METHODS: Patient demographics, symptoms, laboratory findings, and time to resolution of thyrotoxicosis are summarized. TRAb testing was performed by either a third-generation thyrotropin binding inhibitory immunoglobulin competitive binding assay (TBII) or a thyroid stimulating antibody bioassay (TSI) from either Mayo Clinic Laboratory or Quest Diagnostics...
April 6, 2018: Endocrine Practice
Chen Wang, Xin Zhang, Xue Yang, Hui Li, Ruixue Cui, Wenmin Guan, Xin Li, Zhaohui Zhu, Yansong Lin
This work evaluated the use of the positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) technique to assess the early therapeutic response and predict the prognosis of patients with radioactive iodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (RAIR-DTC) who underwent apatinib therapy. Standardised uptake value (SUV), metabolic tumour volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG), derived from 18FDG PET/CT and SUV from 68Ga-NOTA-PRGD2 PET/CT, were evaluated. Tumour response was evaluated using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1...
April 4, 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
Yanping Ren, Yuxin Jiao, Weiqiang Ge, Libo Zhang, Yanqing Hua, Cheng Li, Weihao Zhai, Xi Tang, Wei He, Min Fang, Xiangpeng Zheng
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between dual-energy computed tomography (DECT)-based iodine quantitation and fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) imaging for response evaluation of lung cancers to treatment. METHODS: In this prospective study, a total of 32 pairs of DECT and F-FDG PET/CT imaging acquired consecutively from 13 patients with primary or metastatic lung cancers receiving either radiotherapy alone or chemoradiotherapy were analyzed...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Simo P Porras, Minna Hartonen, Katriina Ylinen, Jarkko Tornaeus, Tapani Tuomi, Tiina Santonen
Resorcinol is a suspected endocrine disruptor that affects thyroid function by inhibiting thyroxin peroxidase. It may also have an impact on iodine uptake. Resorcinol has various uses; for example in the manufacture of rubber products and in wood adhesives, flame retardants, UV stabilizers, and dyes. It is also used in personal care products such as hair colorants, anti-acne preparations, and peels. The aim of this study was to assess both environmental background exposure and occupational exposure to resorcinol in Finland...
March 26, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Matthias Schoen, Timm Braun, Panagiota Manava, Sigrid Ludwigs, Michael Lell
AIM: To investigate the influence of scan time point and volume of intravenous contrast material in 18F-FDG PET/CT on maximum and mean standardized uptake values (SUVmax /mean ) in bloodpool and liver. METHODS: In 120 patients scheduled for routine whole-body 18F-FDG PET/CT the maximum and mean standardized uptake values (SUVmax /SUVmean ) in the liver and blood pool were measured after varying scan time-point (delay 0 s-140 s post injectionem) and volume of contrast material (CM; 0 ml, 80 ml, 100 ml of 300 mg/ml of Iodine)...
April 2018: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
Jörg Halstenberg, Wolfgang Tilman Kranert, Hüdayi Korkusuz, Amelie Mayer, Hanns Ackermann, Frank Grünwald, Christian Happel
AIM: Radioiodine therapy (RIT) is an important therapeutic method in the definitive treatment of Graves' disease (GD). However, RIT may trigger development of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) or exacerbate a pre-existing GO. Therefore, the procedure recommendation of the DGN (German Society of Nuclear Medicine) for RIT of benign thyroid diseases recommends an additional glucocorticoid therapy for patients with pre-existing GO. Aim of this study was to analyze the influence of a protective glucocorticoid therapy on131 I biokinetics during RIT of patients with GD...
April 2018: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
Mariya Halka, Magdalena Klimek-Chodacka, Sylwester Smoleń, Rafal Baranski, Iwona Ledwożyw-Smoleń, Włodzimierz Sady
Iodine is a beneficial element for human but very lowly represented in our diet. Iodine-enriched vegetables could boost the iodine content in the food chain. Despite being a beneficial element for plant, little is known about the effect of different iodine forms on plant growth. This work analyses the effect of uptake of mineral (KI) and organoiodine (5-iodosalicylic acid, 5-ISA; 3,5-diiodosalicylic acid, 3,5-di-ISA; 2-iodobenzoic acid, 2-IBeA; 4-iodobenzoic acid, 4-IBeA) compounds on tomato plants at an early stage of vegetative growth...
March 23, 2018: Physiologia Plantarum
Sabine Wächter, Alexander I Damanakis, Moritz Elxnat, Silvia Roth, Annette Wunderlich, Frederik A Verburg, Sebastian A Fellinger, Detlef K Bartsch, Pietro Di Fazio
Epigenetic modifications have been identified as being responsible for the de-differentiation of thyroid tissue and its malignant transformation. Cell proliferation inhibitory effects of the pan-deacetylase inhibitors panobinostat, SAHA and Trichostatin A (TSA), the modulation of the sodium iodide symporter (NIS; SLC5A5), thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF1), high mobility group A2 (HMGA2), and H19 and their putative targeting miRNAs have been evaluated in vitro. The cell viability was measured in five thyroid cancer cell lines (FTC133, TPC1, BCPAP, 8505C, C643) by real time cell analyzer xCELLigence...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Junyi Yang, Xiao Feng, Guangnong Lu, Yulin Li, Chaochao Mao, Zhongliang Wen, Wenbing Yuan
The use of salts as grinding media to assist the mechanosynthesis, and the following one-pot mechanochemical post-synthesis, of hierarchically porous MOFs was carried out efficiently by ball milling. NaCl or KCl were used as a solid solvent to initially pre-grind with 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid (H3BTC) and copper acetate monhydrate, respectively, for 1 minute, then both mixtures were combined together for a further 20 minutes of grinding, and the resultant mixture was finally washed with ethanol and water to obtain the hierarchically micro-, meso- and macroporous HKUST-1 with a high yield...
March 21, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Tamer M Sakr, M H Sanad, Walaa H Abd-Alla, Dina H Salama, Gehan M Saleh
Challenges facing cardiovascular imaging necessitate innovation of better radiopharmaceuticals to augment or replace the existing ones. This research assesses the ability and competency of radioiodinated esmolol as a potential cardio selective imaging agent. Radioiodinated esmolol was synthesized with 97.3 ± 0.3% radiochemical yield and with high stability up to 48 h at room temperature as well as in rat serum. Molecular modeling study was performed to confirm the binding of iodinated esmolol to β1 -adrenergic receptor...
March 9, 2018: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Bradford Bennett, Drew Johnson, Andrew Panakos, Aleksandr Rozenberg
A 51-year-old woman with history of migraine headaches and intermittent nausea, vomiting, palpitations, and diaphoresis presented to the emergency department with hypertensive emergency 1 month after starting a beta blocker for migraine prophylaxis. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the chest incidentally revealed a large abdominal mass in the area of the left adrenal gland. Iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine scan imaging showed localized uptake into the left adrenal gland. Along with imaging results, laboratory testing confirmed the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Erik H Middlebrooks, Brian C Westbrook, Robert M Conry
Immune checkpoint blockade (CPB) utilizing such agents as ipilimumab, nivolumab, or pembrolizumab has revolutionized melanoma therapy and has seen continued utilization in numerous other malignancies in recent years. However, these agents come at the price of inflammatory immune-related adverse events. Despite the increasing recognition of biochemical thyroid dysfunction associated with CPB, information regarding potential imaging findings is sparse. We describe the first 2 cases of acute thyroiditis following CPB presenting as diffuse thyromegaly documented by computed tomography, ultrasound, and iodine uptake imaging...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Debasis Banerjee, Xianyin Chen, Sergey Lobanov, Anna M Plonka, Xiaojun Chan, John Daly, Taejin Kim, Praveen K Thallapally, John Parise
Used nuclear fuel reprocessing represents a unique challenge when dealing with radionuclides such as isotopes of85 Kr and129 I2 due to their volatility and long half-life. Efficient capture of129 I2 (t1/2 = 15.7 ×106 million years) from the nuclear waste stream can help reduce the risk of releasing I2 radionuclide into the environment and/or potential incorporation into the human thyroid. Metal organic frameworks have the reported potential to be I2 adsorbents but the effect of water vapor, generally present in the reprocessing off-gas stream, is rarely taken into account...
March 16, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ludmila S Almeida, Maidane C Araújo, Denise E Zantut-Wittmann, Lígia V Assumpção, Thiago F Souza, Cleide M Silva, Juliana L Argenton, Allan O Santos, Jair Mengatti, Celso D Ramos, Elba C Etchebehere
BACKGROUND: Radioiodine-refractory thyroid carcinomas (RAIRs) are characterized by reduced expression of sodium-iodine symporter, rising serum thyroglobulin levels, and negative whole-body radioiodine scans. Interestingly, RAIRs continue to express somatostatin receptors and can be identified with Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare lesion detectability in Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT performed with elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (eTSH) levels with suppressed thyroid-stimulating hormone (sTSH) levels...
May 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
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