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Psychiatry News

Fatih Artvinli, Şahap Erkoç, Fulya Kardeş
Introduction: The aim of this article is to provide a brief history of Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society by examining its institutional background, the milestones within its history, and the major activities undertaken by the organization during the years. Methods: Firstly, the books, journals, and articles that are related to the history of psychiatry and neurology in Turkey have been reviewed and the information that can explain the history of the society has been brought together...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
S Akeya Harrold, Julian Libet, Charlene Pope, Joy A Lauerer, Emily Johnson, Barbara J Edlund
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), experience increased mortality-20 years greater disparity for men and 15 years greater disparity for women-compared to the general population (Thornicroft G. Physical health disparities and mental illness: The scandal of premature mortality. Br J Psychiatr. 2011;199:441-442). Numerous factors contribute to premature mortality in persons with SMI, including suicide and accidental death (Richardson RC, Faulkner G, McDevitt J, Skrinar GS, Hutchinson D, Piette JD...
April 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Christin Y Sander, Swen Hesse
Molecular neuroimaging with PET is an integrated tool in psychiatry research and drug-development for as long as this modality has been available, in particular for studying neurotransmission and endogenous neurotransmitter release. Pharmacologic, behavioral and other types of challenges are currently applied to induce changes in neurochemical levels that can be inferred through their effects on changes in receptor binding and related outcome measures. Based on the availability of tracers that are sensitive for measuring neurotransmitter release these experiments have focused on the brain's dopamine system, while recent developments have extended those studies to other targets such as the serotonin or choline system...
December 2017: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Alexandre Berney, Pascale Pécoud, Céline Bourquin, Friedrich Stiefel
In addition to providing psychiatric care to patients with somatic diseases, liaison psychiatry plays an important role in the teaching of the relational aspects of the clinical encounter between patients and clinicians. This series of three articles proposes a critical reflection on this topic, and presents examples of undergraduate and postgraduate teaching programs developed by the psychiatric liaison service at Lausanne University Hospital. This article describes the general context of undergraduate teaching, and focuses on our training with simulated patient of a breaking bad news situation, taking place during the fourth year of medical studies...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
Krzysztof Maria Wilczyński, Elżbieta Mazgaj, Oleg Fedyk, Dominika Wizner, Krzysztof Krysta
BACKGROUND: In modern psychiatry, deinstitutionalization of mentally ill became an essential part of improving state of being of those affected. Integration in community, despite obvious benefits, led to increase in social distance and rejection towards mentally ill. Social stigma affects different life domains of those afflicted, and therefore it is crucial to introduce methods to deal with it. Our objective was to assess and compare psychiatrists' and public attitudes and beliefs about mentally ill people...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
Johanne Collin, David Hughes
In The Mind of Modernism, Mark Micale demonstrates the ubiquity of the concept of hysteria in the French imagination at the turn of the century. Taking this approach as our starting point, our study attempts to determine if the notion of degeneration played a similar role in the interactions of psychiatry, culture and politics in Quebec. Our analysis of a variety of historical sources demonstrates that the concept of degeneration did indeed penetrate aspects of psychiatric nosology, medical literature, news media, fiction, and political discourse in Quebec...
2016: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
Andreas Buck, Clemens Decristoforo
The EANM 2015 Annual Congress, held from October 10th to 14th in Hamburg, Germany, was outstanding in many respects. With 5550 participants, this was by far the largest European congress concerning nuclear medicine. More than 1750 scientific presentations were submitted, with more than 250 abstracts from young scientists, indicating that the future success of our discipline is fuelled by a high number of young individuals becoming involved in a multitude of scientific activities. Significant improvements have been made in molecular imaging of cancer, particularly in prostate cancer...
September 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Elizabeth L Auchincloss
Clinicians have long known that successful psychotherapy, including successful psychodynamic psychotherapy, depends upon the interaction between therapist and patient. In other words, it is important to have a strong therapeutic alliance. This article presents the history of the concept of the therapeutic alliance (TA). It also explores three areas of research that have bearing on the TA. The importance of the TA and the extensive research work that pertains to it hold promise for psychodynamic psychiatry, both in terms of understanding, and in the treatment of mental suffering...
March 2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
Shivanshu Shrivastava, Gurvinder Kalra, Shaunak Ajinkya
Mass media including television, internet, and newspapers influences public views about various issues by means of how it covers an issue. Newspapers have a wider reach and may affect the impact that a news story has on the reader by factors such as placement of the story within the different pages. We did a pilot study to see how two English newspapers from Mumbai, India were covering psychiatry related news stories. The study was done over a period of 3 months. We found a total of 870 psychiatry related news stories in the two newspapers over 3 months with the majority of them being covered in the main body of the newspapers...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
J Michael Murphy, Alyssa E McCarthy, Lee Baer, Bonnie T Zima, Michael S Jellinek
The use of psychotropic medications for children and adolescents with attention and depression problems continues to generate both attention in the news media and controversy within the field. Given that the United Kingdom has recently issued guidelines for its national health service that differ substantially from those in the United States, the time is ripe to reexamine the evidence. The purpose of this article is to describe the UK's new "stepped care" guidelines for treating attention and depression problems in children and to compare them to the US guidelines issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry...
May 2014: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
R Fayez, A Nawwab, H Al-Jahdali, S Baharoon, S Binsalih, A Al Sayyari
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about the prevalence of unethical behavior and how is perceived among health care providers. The aim of this study is to assess such behavior and how is perceived. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study among three groups of professionals. Total participants were 370 and included medical staff, medical residents, and nurses in five medical specialties in four tertiary hospitals in Saudi Arabia (two Ministry of Health Hospitals and two military Hospitals)...
July 2013: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Shahin Akhondzadeh, Seyed Hesameddin Abbasi
Concerns regarding ethics of psychiatric research were a critical point in research when lots of news was announced about human rights abuses in the Nazi Germany. However, even nowadays, psychiatric research involving people suffering from different types of psychiatric disorders can still be distorted and, rather than fulfilling its promise of improved understanding of psychiatric disorder and its treatment, can result in serious harm to patients who participated in these investigations. This review focuses on some important ethical aspects in psychiatric research...
2009: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
Erick H Turner
Publication bias undermines the integrity of the evidence base by inflating apparent drug efficacy and minimizing drug harms, thus skewing the risk-benefit ratio. This paper reviews the topic of publication bias with a focus on drugs prescribed for psychiatric conditions, especially depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and autism. Publication bias is pervasive; although psychiatry/psychology may be the most seriously afflicted field, it occurs throughout medicine and science. Responsibility lies with various parties (authors as well as journals, academia as well as industry), so the motives appear to extend beyond the financial interests of drug companies...
June 2013: CNS Drugs
Massimiliano Aragona
The renewal of the philosophical debate in psychiatry is one exciting news of recent years. However, its use in psychopharmacology may be problematic, ranging from self-confinement into the realm of values (which leaves the evidence-based domain unchallenged) to complete rejection of scientific evidence. In this paper philosophy is conceived as a conceptual audit of clinical psychopharmacology. Its function is to criticise the epistemological and methodological problems of current neopositivist, ingenuously realist and evidence-servant psychiatry from within the scientific stance and with the aim of aiding psychopharmacologists in practicing a more self-aware, critical and possibly useful clinical practice...
March 2013: Psychiatria Danubina
J Besson, J Grivel, A Tomei, I Gothuey, M Andronicos, H Babel, S Nunweiler
What's new in addiction medicine in 2012? The news are presented according three axes: first, in the field of neuroscience, the process of extinction of addiction memories. Then in the clinical field, a reflexion is reported on how to treat addiction in psychiatric hospitals. At last, in the area of teaching, an e-learning development with a virtual patient shows a great interest in addiction psychiatry.
January 9, 2013: Revue Médicale Suisse
Santosh K Chaturvedi
Psychosocial oncology is an upcoming area of interest, which deals with numerous psychiatric, psychological, and social aspects of malignancies. Psychiatric oncology relates to some of the common psychological and emotional problems encountered in persons with malignancy and their formal and informal caregivers. This oration will discuss the importance of this field of Consultation Liaison Psychiatry, with a focus on the research and practice in the Indian setting. This presentation will also share the findings and researches of the presenter...
April 2012: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Maarten A van Schijndel, Wieneke L J Gerrits, Peter Niesink, Rutger Jan van der Gaag
Psychiatry and mental healthcare in the Netherlands has a long history of institutional care, slowly more adapted to the community, but differentiated from mainstream healthcare in terms of organization and remuneration. It is in a crucial phase of reconsideration. Along with harsh cuts on the budgets in healthcare, the field is in transition where training is concerned. The good news is that in fruitful cooperation the government and all spcialist parties involved in mental healthcare are on the verge of reaching an important agreement that should make mental healthcare more patient centred, affordable and accessible for those who need it...
August 2012: International Review of Psychiatry
V Thoua, A François
News confronts us daily with various traumatic events, like armed conflict, terrorist attacks, natural disasters, not to mention the cases of abuse and incest. The impact of these traumas on the psychological development of children is often very important and we can observe among them, symptoms of severe mental traumatisms immediately and sometimes deferred. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the existence of this disorder by children, to develop its symptoms and its possible developments, and to address the different therapeutic approaches...
March 2010: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Luis Sánchez Granjel
The first real news about the Psychoanalysis in Spain was spread by Ortega y Gasset in 1911 and the neuropsychiatrists Valle Aldabalde and especially Fernández Sanz also spread that information in the medical world in 1914. It was introduced in the University field by Novoa Santos. The castilian edition of the works written by Freud aroused great interest, more cultural than professional, among the psychiatrists in Madrid, who were at that time very much influenced by Cajal and the German Psychiatry; Fernández Sanz made an understanding review about those works while Fernández Villaverde was not interested in them and made an ideological negation...
2009: Anales de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina
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