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Chikungunya CHIKV

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149964/chikungunya-infection-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#1
E S Girão, B G Rodrigues Dos Santos, E S do Amaral, P E G Costa, K B Pereira, A H de Araujo Filho, E B Hyppolito, M U Mota, L C B F Marques, C M Costa de Oliveira, S L da Silva, J H P Garcia, P F C B C Fernandes
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an emerging mosquito-borne disease that causes acute febrile polyarthralgia and arthritis. CHIKV has spread rapidly to the Americas and, in Brazil, autochthonous cases are increasingly been reported. Solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients who travel to or live in CHIKV endemic areas are under high risk of acquiring the disease. Few data exist regarding the clinical characteristics of CHIKV infections in this population. We report the first case series of CHIKV infection in SOT recipients...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145452/behavioral-climatic-and-environmental-risk-factors-for-zika-and-chikungunya-virus-infections-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-2015-16
#2
Trevon L Fuller, Guilherme Calvet, Camila Genaro Estevam, Jussara Rafael Angelo, Gbenga J Abiodun, Umme-Aiman Halai, Bianca De Santis, Patricia Carvalho Sequeira, Eliane Machado Araujo, Simone Alves Sampaio, Marco Cesar Lima de Mendonça, Allison Fabri, Rita Maria Ribeiro, Ryan Harrigan, Thomas B Smith, Claudia Raja Gabaglia, Patrícia Brasil, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis, Karin Nielsen-Saines
The burden of arboviruses in the Americas is high and may result in long-term sequelae with infants disabled by Zika virus infection (ZIKV) and arthritis caused by infection with Chikungunya virus (CHIKV). We aimed to identify environmental drivers of arbovirus epidemics to predict where the next epidemics will occur and prioritize municipalities for vector control and eventual vaccination. We screened sera and urine samples (n = 10,459) from residents of 48 municipalities in the state of Rio de Janeiro for CHIKV, dengue virus (DENV), and ZIKV by molecular PCR diagnostics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145171/host-target-based-approaches-against-arboviral-diseases
#3
Rebeca Froes Rocha, Juliana Lemos Del Sarto, Rafael Elias Marques, Vivian Vasconcelos Costa, Mauro Martins Teixeira
In the 20th century, socioeconomic and environmental changes facilitated the reintroduction of mosquitoes in developing cities, resulting in the reintroduction of mosquito-borne viral diseases and the dispersal of their causative agents in a worldwide scale. Recurrent outbreaks of arboviral diseases are being reported, even in regions without a previous history of arboviral disease transmission. Of note, arboviral infections represented approximately 30% of all emerging vector-borne diseases of the last decade...
November 27, 2017: Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138302/disruption-of-the-opal-stop-codon-attenuates-chikungunya-virus-induced-arthritis-and-pathology
#4
Jennifer E Jones, Kristin M Long, Alan C Whitmore, Wes Sanders, Lance R Thurlow, Julia A Brown, Clayton R Morrison, Heather Vincent, Kayla M Peck, Christian Browning, Nathaniel Moorman, Jean K Lim, Mark T Heise
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne alphavirus responsible for several significant outbreaks of debilitating acute and chronic arthritis and arthralgia over the past decade. These include a recent outbreak in the Caribbean islands and the Americas that caused more than 1 million cases of viral arthralgia. Despite the major impact of CHIKV on global health, viral determinants that promote CHIKV-induced disease are incompletely understood. Most CHIKV strains contain a conserved opal stop codon at the end of the viral nsP3 gene...
November 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138300/high-zika-virus-seroprevalence-in-salvador-northeastern-brazil-limits-the-potential-for-further-outbreaks
#5
Eduardo Martins Netto, Andres Moreira-Soto, Celia Pedroso, Christoph Höser, Sebastian Funk, Adam J Kucharski, Alexandra Rockstroh, Beate M Kümmerer, Gilmara Souza Sampaio, Estela Luz, Sara Nunes Vaz, Juarez Pereira Dias, Fernanda Anjos Bastos, Renata Cabral, Thomas Kistemann, Sebastian Ulbert, Xavier de Lamballerie, Thomas Jaenisch, Oliver J Brady, Christian Drosten, Manoel Sarno, Carlos Brites, Jan Felix Drexler
During 2015 to 2016, Brazil reported more Zika virus (ZIKV) cases than any other country, yet population exposure remains unknown. Serological studies of ZIKV are hampered by cross-reactive immune responses against heterologous viruses. We conducted serosurveys for ZIKV, dengue virus (DENV), and Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in 633 individuals prospectively sampled during 2015 to 2016, including microcephaly and non-microcephaly pregnancies, HIV-infected patients, tuberculosis patients, and university staff in Salvador in northeastern Brazil using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) and plaque reduction neutralization tests...
November 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136650/emerging-and-reemerging-arboviruses-a-new-threat-in-eastern-peru
#6
Carlos Alva-Urcia, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis, Carlos Palomares-Reyes, Wilmer Silva-Caso, Luis Suarez-Ognio, Pablo Weilg, Carlos Manrique, Fernando Vasquez-Achaya, Luis J Del Valle, Juana Del Valle-Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Arboviral diseases are one of the most common causes of acute febrile illness (AFI) and a significant health problem in South America. In Peru, laboratory etiologic identification of these infections occurs in less than 50% of cases, leading to underdiagnoses of important emerging arboviruses. AIM: To assess the prevalence of the Dengue (DENV), Oropouche (OROV), Chikungunya (CHIKV), Mayaro (MAYV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses in patients with acute febrile illness from Puerto Maldonado (Peru)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135829/chikungunya-virus-infections-among-infants-who-classification-not-applicable
#7
Veronique van Keulen, Minke Huibers, Meindert Manshande, Michaël Boele van Hensbroek, Linda van Rooij
Chikungunya virus (ChikV) caused an epidemic on Curaçao in 2014-2015. Infants are highly at risk for clinical syndromes as sepsis-like illness and central nervous system disease. Clinical recognition is important if laboratory test, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), are not available. The World Health Organization (WHO) created criteria for identification of probable ChikV. None of the studied infants met these criteria. We believe the WHO suggested criteria should be modified for infants...
November 11, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116243/evaluation-of-a-range-of-mammalian-and-mosquito-cell-lines-for-use-in-chikungunya-virus-research
#8
Grace C Roberts, Carsten Zothner, Roland Remenyi, Andres Merits, Nicola J Stonehouse, Mark Harris
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is becoming an increasing global health issue which has spread across the globe and as far north as southern Europe. There is currently no vaccine or anti-viral treatment available. Although there has been a recent increase in CHIKV research, many of these in vitro studies have used a wide range of cell lines which are not physiologically relevant to CHIKV infection in vivo. In this study, we aimed to evaluate a panel of cell lines to identify a subset that would be both representative of the infectious cycle of CHIKV in vivo, and amenable to in vitro applications such as transfection, luciferase assays, immunofluorescence, western blotting and virus infection...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113976/co-infection-with-chikungunya-virus-alters-trafficking-of-pathogenic-cd8-t-cells-into-the-brain-and-prevents-plasmodium-induced-neuropathology
#9
Teck-Hui Teo, Shanshan W Howland, Carla Claser, Sin Yee Gun, Chek Meng Poh, Wendy Wl Lee, Fok-Moon Lum, Lisa Fp Ng, Laurent Rénia
Arboviral diseases have risen significantly over the last 40 years, increasing the risk of co-infection with other endemic disease such as malaria. However, nothing is known about the impact arboviruses have on the host response toward heterologous pathogens during co-infection. Here, we investigate the effects of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) co-infection on the susceptibility and severity of malaria infection. Using the Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) experimental cerebral malaria (ECM) model, we show that concurrent co-infection induced the most prominent changes in ECM manifestation...
November 7, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108009/zika-virus-displacement-by-a-chikungunya-outbreak-in-recife-brazil
#10
Tereza Magalhaes, Cynthia Braga, Marli T Cordeiro, Andre L S Oliveira, Priscila M S Castanha, Ana Paula R Maciel, Nathalia M L Amancio, Pollyanne N Gouveia, Valter J Peixoto-da-Silva, Thaciana F L Peixoto, Helena Britto, Priscilla V Lima, Andreza R S Lima, Kerstin D Rosenberger, Thomas Jaenisch, Ernesto T A Marques
BACKGROUND: Several arboviruses, including dengue virus (DENV), Zika virus (ZIKV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV), transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, circulate in northeast Brazil. Diseases caused by these viruses are of great public health relevance, however, their epidemiological features in areas where the three viruses co-circulate are scarce. Here, we present analyses of molecular and serological diagnostics in a prospective study of acute febrile patients recruited from May 2015 to May 2016 in Recife, Brazil...
November 6, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100064/outbreak-of-chikungunya-virus-in-a-vulnerable-population-of-sergipe-brazil-a-molecular-and-serological-survey
#11
Marielton Dos Passos Cunha, Cliomar Alves Dos Santos, Daniel Ferreira de Lima Neto, Alessandra Soares Schanoski, Shahab Zaki Pour, Saulo Duarte Passos, Mércia Simone Feitosa de Souza, Danuza Duarte Costa, Paolo Marinho de Andrade Zanotto
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a re-emerging arbovirus that is causing outbreaks in several countries of the Americas. The virus was introduced in Brazil in 2014, and since then, several Brazilian states have notified autochthonous cases. OBJECTIVES: Provide additional evidence on a CHIKV outbreak and an outline of the laboratory and clinical profile of symptomatic patients in Sergipe, Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: In February 2016, we collected 142 serum samples from symptomatic patients for arboviruses in Sergipe, Brazil...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084215/complex-antigen-presentation-pathway-for-an-hla-a-0201-restricted-epitope-from-chikungunya-6k-protein
#12
Elena Lorente, Alejandro Barriga, Juan García-Arriaza, François A Lemonnier, Mariano Esteban, Daniel López
BACKGROUND: The adaptive cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-mediated immune response is critical for clearance of many viral infections. These CTL recognize naturally processed short viral antigenic peptides bound to human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules on the surface of infected cells. This specific recognition allows the killing of virus-infected cells. The T cell immune T cell response to Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), a mosquito-borne Alphavirus of the Togaviridae family responsible for severe musculoskeletal disorders, has not been fully defined; nonetheless, the importance of HLA class I-restricted immune response in this virus has been hypothesized...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067635/interferon-regulated-gene-irg-expression-signature-in-a-mouse-model-of-chikungunya-virus-neurovirulence
#13
Sreeja R Nair, Rachy Abraham, Sankar Sundaram, Easwaran Sreekumar
Interferon regulated genes (IRGs) are critical in controlling virus infections. Here, we analyzed the expression profile of IRGs in the brain tissue in a mouse model of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) neurovirulence. Neurovirulence is one of the newer complications identified in disease caused by re-emerging strains of CHIKV, an alphavirus with positive-strand RNA in the Togaviridae family. In microarray analysis, we identified significant upregulation of 269 genes, out of which a predominant percentage (76%) was IRGs...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065182/clinical-characterization-of-acute-and-convalescent-illness-of-confirmed-chikungunya-cases-from-chiapas-s-mexico-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Rogelio Danis-Lozano, Esteban Eduardo Díaz-González, Karina Del Carmen Trujillo-Murillo, Sandra Caballero-Sosa, Jesús Sepúlveda-Delgado, Iliana Rosalía Malo-García, Luis Miguel Canseco-Ávila, Luis Manuel Salgado-Corsantes, Sergio Domínguez-Arrevillaga, Raúl Torres-Zapata, Omar Gómez-Cruz, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas
BACKGROUND: The emerging chikungunya virus (CHIKV), is an arbovirus causing intense outbreaks in North America. The situation in Mexico is alarming, and CHIKV threatens to spread further throughout North America. Clinical and biological features of CHIKF outbreaks in Mexico have not been well described; thus, we conducted a cross sectional study of a CHIKV outbreak in Chiapas, Southern Mexico to further characterize these features. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We collected blood samples from patients suspected of having chikungunya fever (CHIKF) who presented to Clinical Hospital ISSSTE Dr...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063884/molecular-and-phylogenetic-evidence-of-chikungunya-virus-circulating-in-assam-india
#15
Prafulla Dutta, Siraj Ahmed Khan, Naba Kumar Hazarika, Sumi Chetry
PURPOSE: Northeast Region of India possesses an abundant number of Aedes mosquitoes, the common vector for Dengue and Chikungunya (CHIK). Dengue is reported every year from Assam, but active surveillance for CHIK virus (CHIKV) infection is lacking in this part of India. Therefore, this present study has been undertaken to detect any CHIKV infection during a dengue outbreak in Assam. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 42 dengue negative samples collected from Guwahati were screened for the presence of CHIK IgM antibodies...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058147/regulation-of-the-chikungunya-virus-induced-innate-inflammatory-response-by-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-non-receptor-6-in-muscle-cells
#16
Subrat Thanapati, A B Sudeep, Shruti P Kulkarni, Anuradha S Tripathy
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV)-induced myositis is an emerging affliction with high incidence globally. Given the essential regulatory role of protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor 6 (PTPN6) in virus-induced myositis, the expression of the PTPN6 and TNF-α genes in a CHIKV-infected muscle cell line was examined by quantitative PCR, and the expression of PTPN6 and STAT 3 was examined by immunoblotting. In addition, the effect of PTPN6 siRNA treatment on TNF-α gene expression was assessed. Increased higher expression of PTPN6 and TNF-α, and significant upregulation of TNF-α upon PTPN6 siRNA treatment were observed, suggesting that CHIKV has the ability to induce host PTPN6 gene expression, which may lead to a decreased pro-inflammatory immune response in the host...
October 20, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053568/mutation-of-a-conserved-nuclear-export-sequence-in-chikungunya-virus-capsid-protein-disrupts-host-cell-nuclear-import
#17
Susan C Jacobs, Adam Taylor, Lara J Herrero, Suresh Mahalingam, John K Fazakerley
Transmitted by mosquitoes; chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is responsible for frequent outbreaks of arthritic disease in humans. CHIKV is an arthritogenic alphavirus of the Togaviridae family. Capsid protein, a structural protein encoded by the CHIKV RNA genome, is able to translocate to the host cell nucleus. In encephalitic alphaviruses nuclear translocation induces host cell shut off; however, the role of capsid protein nuclear localisation in arthritogenic alphaviruses remains unclear. Using replicon systems, we investigated a nuclear export sequence (NES) in the N-terminal region of capsid protein; analogous to that found in encephalitic alphavirus capsid but uncharacterised in CHIKV...
October 20, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052242/emerging-infectious-disease-outbreaks-estimating-disease-risk-in-australian-blood-donors-travelling-overseas
#18
A Coghlan, V C Hoad, C R Seed, R Lp Flower, R J Harley, D Herbert, H M Faddy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: International travel assists spread of infectious pathogens. Australians regularly travel to South-eastern Asia and the isles of the South Pacific, where they may become infected with infectious agents, such as dengue (DENV), chikungunya (CHIKV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses that pose a potential risk to transfusion safety. In Australia, donors are temporarily restricted from donating for fresh component manufacture following travel to many countries, including those in this study...
October 19, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035317/systematic-review-land-cover-meteorological-and-socioeconomic-determinants-of-aedes-mosquito-habitat-for-risk-mapping
#19
REVIEW
Mohamed F Sallam, Chelsea Fizer, Andrew N Pilant, Pai-Yei Whung
Asian tiger and yellow fever mosquitoes (Aedes albopictus and Ae. aegypti) are global nuisances and are competent vectors for viruses such as Chikungunya (CHIKV), Dengue (DV), and Zika (ZIKV). This review aims to analyze available spatiotemporal distribution models of Aedes mosquitoes and their influential factors. A combination of five sets of 3-5 keywords were used to retrieve all relevant published models. Five electronic search databases were used: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Google Scholar through 17 May 2017...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031692/development-and-application-of-a-bioluminescent-imaging-mouse-model-for-chikungunya-virus-based-on-pseudovirus-system
#20
Jiajing Wu, Chenyan Zhao, Qiang Liu, Weijin Huang, Youchun Wang
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arthropod-borne virus that is transmitted to humans primarily via the bite of an infected mosquito. Infection of humans by CHIKV can cause chikungunya fever which is an acute febrile illness associated with severe, often debilitating polyarthralgias. Since a re-emergence of CHIKV in 2004, the virus has spread into novel locations in nearly 40 countries including non-endemic regions and has led to millions of cases of disease throughout countries. Handling of CHIKV is restricted to the high-containment Biosafety Level 3 (BSL-3) facilities, which greatly impede the research progress of this virus...
November 7, 2017: Vaccine
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