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Chikungunya CHIKV

Donal Bisanzio, Felipe Dzul-Manzanilla, Hector Gomez-Dantés, Norma Pavia-Ruz, Thomas J Hladish, Audrey Lenhart, Jorge Palacio-Vargas, Jesus F González Roldan, Fabian Correa-Morales, Gustavo Sánchez-Tejeda, Pablo Kuri Morales, Pablo Manrique-Saide, Ira M Longini, M Elizabeth Halloran, Gonzalo M Vazquez-Prokopec
Response to Zika virus (ZIKV) invasion in Brazil lagged a year from its estimated February 2014 introduction, and was triggered by the occurrence of severe congenital malformations. Dengue (DENV) and chikungunya (CHIKV) invasions tend to show similar response lags. We analyzed geo-coded symptomatic case reports from the city of Merida, Mexico, with the goal of assessing the utility of historical DENV data to infer CHIKV and ZIKV introduction and propagation. About 42% of the 40,028 DENV cases reported during 2008-2015 clustered in 27% of the city, and these clustering areas were where the first CHIKV and ZIKV cases were reported in 2015 and 2016, respectively...
March 15, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Benjamin M Althouse, Mathilde Guerbois, Derek A T Cummings, Ousmane M Diop, Ousmane Faye, Abdourahmane Faye, Diawo Diallo, Bakary Djilocalisse Sadio, Abdourahmane Sow, Oumar Faye, Amadou A Sall, Mawlouth Diallo, Brenda Benefit, Evan Simons, Douglas M Watts, Scott C Weaver, Kathryn A Hanley
Arboviruses spillover into humans either as a one-step jump from a reservoir host species into humans or as a two-step jump from the reservoir to an amplification host species and thence to humans. Little is known about arbovirus transmission dynamics in reservoir and amplification hosts. Here we elucidate the role of monkeys in the sylvatic, enzootic cycle of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in the region around Kédougou, Senegal. Over 3 years, 737 monkeys were captured, aged using anthropometry and dentition, and tested for exposure to CHIKV by detection of neutralizing antibodies...
March 13, 2018: Nature Communications
Marta Runowska, Dominik Majewski, Karolina Niklas, Mariusz Puszczewicz
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arthropod-borne alphavirus, transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. It is responsible for a febrile illness, typically accompanied by maculopapular rash and severe, incapacitating arthralgia. The disease, although generally self-limiting, frequently evolves into a long-lasting, debilitating rheumatic disorder, which shares many clinical features with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The underlying mechanism by which CHIKV induces persistent arthritis remains under investigation, however, currently, attention is drawn to the fact, that chronic chikungunya (CHIK) and RA have many common cellular and cytokine pathways involved in their pathogenesis...
March 2, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Han Xia, Yujuan Wang, Evans Atoni, Bo Zhang, Zhiming Yuan
Mosquitoes are classified into approximately 3500 species and further grouped into 41 genera. Epidemiologically, they are considered to be among the most important disease vectors in the world and they can harbor a wide variety of viruses. Several mosquito viruses are considered to be of significant medical importance and can cause serious public health issues throughout the world. Such viruses are Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), dengue virus (DENV), chikungunya virus (CHIKV), and Zika virus (ZIKV). Others are the newly recognized mosquito viruses such as Banna virus (BAV) and Yunnan orbivirus (YNOV) with unclear medical significance...
March 12, 2018: Virologica Sinica
Apamas Sukkaew, Montri Thanagith, Tipparat Thongsakulprasert, Margit Mutso, Suresh Mahalingam, Duncan R Smith, Sukathida Ubol
Low-passage clinical isolates of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) were found to be a mixture of large- and small-plaque viruses, with small-plaque viruses being the predominant species. To investigate the contribution of plaque variants to the pathology of the joint, primary human fibroblast-like synoviocytes (HFLS) were used. Large- and small-plaque viruses were purified from two clinical isolates, CHIKV-031C and CHIKV-033C, and were designated CHIKV-031L and CHIKV-031S and CHIKV-033L and CHIKV-033S, respectively...
March 8, 2018: Journal of General Virology
Luciano Pamplona de Góes Cavalcanti, Sara Mendes D'angelo, Daniele Rocha Queiroz Lemos, Francisca Kalline de Almeida Barreto, André Machado Siqueira, Fabio Miyajima
INTRODUCTION: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) can negatively influence outcomes in patients with pre-existing conditions. We investigated the association between the recent CHIKV outbreak and increased type 2 diabetes (T2D)-attributable deaths. METHODS: Monthly averages of T2D-attributable deaths between 2001 and 2016 were determined and compared to the equivalent data for 2017 and the recent CHIKV outbreak. RESULTS: CHKV outbreak peaked in April 2017 with 4,394...
January 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Anna M Stewart-Ibarra, Sadie J Ryan, Aileen Kenneson, Christine A King, Mark Abbott, Arturo Barbachano-Guerrero, Efraín Beltrán-Ayala, Mercy J Borbor-Cordova, Washington B Cárdenas, Cinthya Cueva, Julia L Finkelstein, Christina D Lupone, Richard G Jarman, Irina Maljkovic Berry, Saurabh Mehta, Mark Polhemus, Mercy Silva, Timothy P Endy
Here, we report the findings from the first 2 years of an arbovirus surveillance study conducted in Machala, Ecuador, a dengue-endemic region (2014-2015). Patients with suspected dengue virus (DENV) infections (index cases, N = 324) were referred from five Ministry of Health clinical sites. A subset of DENV-positive index cases ( N = 44) were selected, and individuals from the index household and four neighboring homes within 200 m were recruited ( N = 400). Individuals who entered the study, other than the index cases, are referred to as associates...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Rose M Langsjoen, Sherry L Haller, Chad J Roy, Heather Vinet-Oliphant, Nicholas A Bergren, Jesse H Erasmus, Jill A Livengood, Tim D Powell, Scott C Weaver, Shannan L Rossi
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a reemerging arbovirus capable of causing explosive outbreaks of febrile illness, polyarthritis, and polyarthralgia, inflicting severe morbidity on affected populations. CHIKV can be genetically classified into 3 major lineages: West African (WA); East, Central, and South African (ECSA); Indian Ocean (IOL); and Asian. Additionally, the Indian Ocean (IOL) sublineage emerged within the ECSA clade and the Asian/American sublineage emerged within the Asian clade. While differences in epidemiological and pathological characteristics among outbreaks involving different CHIKV lineages and sublineages have been suggested, few targeted investigations comparing lineage virulence levels have been reported...
March 6, 2018: MBio
Gilda Giancotti, Michela Cancellieri, Andrea Balboni, Mariateresa Giustiniano, Ettore Novellino, Leen Delang, Johan Neyts, Pieter Leyssen, Andrea Brancale, Marcella Bassetto
Chikungunya virus is a re-emerging arbovirus transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoes, responsible for an acute febrile illness associated with painful and debilitating arthralgia, which can persist for several months or become chronic. Over the past few years, infection with this virus has spread worldwide with a previously unknown virulence. No specific antiviral treatments nor vaccines are currently available against this important pathogen. Starting from the structure of a class of selective anti-CHIKV agents previously identified in our research group, different modifications to this scaffold were rationally designed, and 69 novel small-molecule derivatives were synthesised and evaluated for their inhibition of Chikungunya virus replication in Vero cells...
February 23, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Simon Remy, Florent Olivon, Sandy Desrat, Florent Blanchard, Véronique Eparvier, Pieter Leyssen, Johan Neyts, Fanny Roussi, David Touboul, Marc Litaudon
Bioassay-guided fractionation of an EtOAc extract of the trunk bark of Sandwithia guyanensis, using a chikungunya virus (CHIKV)-cell-based assay, afforded 17 new diterpenoids 1-17 and the known jatrointelones A and C (18 and 19). The new compounds included two tetranorditerpenoids 1 and 2, a trinorditerpenoid 3, euphoractines P-W (4-11), and euphactine G (13) possessing the rare 5/6/7/3 (4-7), 5/6/6/4 (8-11), and 5/6/8 (13) fused ring skeletons, sikkimenoid E (12), and jatrointelones J-M (14-17) possessing jatropholane and lathyrane carbon skeletons, respectively...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
A Duvignaud, A Fianu, A Bertolotti, J Jaubert, A Michault, P Poubeau, A Fred, M Méchain, B-A Gaüzère, F Favier, D Malvy, P Gérardin
Prolonged fatigue is increasingly reported among chikungunya virus (CHIKV)-infected populations. We investigated the relationships between CHIKV exposure, long-lasting rheumatic musculoskeletal pain (LRMSP) and chronic fatigue. 1094 participants (512 CHIKV seropositive and 582 seronegative) of the TELECHIK population-based cohort were analysed considering the duration of the manifestations throughout an average 2-year follow-up. Weighted prevalence rates and prevalence ratios for LRMSP, idiopathic chronic fatigue (ICF), and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)-like illness, both latter syndromes adapted from Centers for Disease Control (CDC)-1994/Fukuda criteria, were compared...
February 28, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
J C Leao, Cdl Marques, Albp Duarte, O P de Almeida, S Porter, L A Gueiros
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) was first isolated in humans in 1952, following an epidemic in Tanzania. The origin of the name means "to bend forward or become contorted," in reference to the posture adopted by patients due to the joint pain that occurs during the infection. Epidemiology data suggest that by the end of 2015, about 1.6 million people had been infected with CHIKV. The acute period of the disease is characterized by high fever, myalgia, joint pain, and severe and disabling polyarthritis, sometimes accompanied by headache, backache, and maculopapular rash, predominantly on the thorax...
March 2018: Oral Diseases
Ihsan Ali, Javid Iqbal Dasti
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), an arbovirus belongs to the family Togaviridae and was discovered in Tanzania in year 953-54. In November 2016, an outbreak occurred in Karachi and approximately 30,000 individuals were infected with CHIKV. More than 4,000 cases were confirmed by qualitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. However, actual numbers of cases are expected to rise. For the diagnosis of chikungunya virus, several methods including viral culture, detection of viral antigen, anti-CHIKV immunoglobulin M, immunoglobulin G antibodies and viral nucleic acid can be used...
February 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Ivan Delgado-Enciso, Brenda Paz-Michel, Valery Melnikov, Jose Guzman-Esquivel, Francisco Espinoza-Gomez, Alejandro D Soriano-Hernandez, Iram P Rodriguez-Sanchez, Margarita L Martinez-Fierro, Gabriel Ceja-Espiritu, Bertha A Olmedo-Buenrostro, Hector R Galvan-Salazar, Osiris G Delgado-Enciso, Josuel Delgado-Enciso, Uriel A Lopez-Lemus, Daniel A Montes-Galindo
Arthralgia is a potentially incapacitating condition and a persistent symptom in chronic or acute episodes of Chikungunya fever caused by infection with the Chikungunya virus (CHIKV). To the best of our knowledge, there are no reports on risk factors associated with the intensity of arthralgias in typical acute episodes of the disease. Although a number of studies have reported on risk factors associated with the development of the chronic stage of the disease, smoking habits have not been analyzed. Smoking is an interesting factor to consider since it is the main environmental risk factor for the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a similar disease to CHIKV in many aspects...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Margus Varjak, Isabelle Dietrich, Vattipally B Sreenu, Bethan Eluned Till, Andres Merits, Alain Kohl, Esther Schnettler
Mosquitoes transmit several human- and animal-pathogenic alphaviruses ( Togaviridae family). In alphavirus-infected mosquito cells two different types of virus-specific small RNAs are produced as part of the RNA interference response: short-interfering (si)RNAs and PIWI-interacting (pi)RNAs. The siRNA pathway is generally thought to be the main antiviral pathway. Although an antiviral activity has been suggested for the piRNA pathway its role in host defences is not clear. Knock down of key proteins of the piRNA pathway (Ago3 and Piwi5) in Aedes aegypti -derived cells reduced the production of alphavirus chikungunya virus (CHIKV)-specific piRNAs but had no effect on virus replication...
February 18, 2018: Viruses
A B Sudeep, P Shil
Aedes vittatus (Bigot) mosquito is a voracious biter of humans and has a geographical distribution throughout tropical Asia, Africa and the Mediterranean region of Europe. It is predominantly a rock-hole breeder, though it can breed in diverse macro- and micro-habitats. The mosquito plays an important role in the maintenance and transmission of yellow fever (YFV), dengue (DENV), chikungunya (CHIKV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses. It has been implicated as an important vector of YFV in several African countries as evidenced by repeated virus isolations from the mosquito and its potential to transmit the virus experimentally...
October 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Syuhadaratul Aini Mohamat, Rafidah Hanim Shueb, Nor Fazila Che Mat
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a re-emerging mosquito-borne alphavirus that poses a threat to human worldwide. Driven by the lack of approved medication and vaccination, research on anti-Chikungunya agents has received great attention. In an effort to determine potential inhibitor of CHIKV, this study aimed at investigating the potential anti-viral activity of Oroxylum indicum extracts towards CHIKV-infected Vero cells. The virucidal, pre- and post-treatment effects of O. indicum were evaluated, using the maximum non-toxic dose of O...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Microbiology
Tran Minh Quan, Huynh Thi Phuong, Nguyen Ha Thao Vy, Nguyen Thi Le Thanh, Nguyen Thi Nam Lien, Tran Thi Kim Hong, Pham Ngoc Dung, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, Maciej F Boni, Hannah E Clapham
BACKGROUND: Arbovirus infections are a serious concern in tropical countries due to their high levels of transmission and morbidity. With the outbreaks of chikungunya (CHIKV) in surrounding regions in recent years and the fact that the environment in Vietnam is suitable for the vectors of CHIKV, the possibility of transmission of CHIKV in Vietnam is of great interest. However, information about CHIKV activity in Vietnam remains limited. METHODOLOGY: In order to address this question, we performed a systematic review of CHIKV in Vietnam and a CHIKV seroprevalence survey...
February 9, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
E F de Oliveira-Filho, R A S Oliveira, D R A Ferreira, P O Laroque, L J Pena, M M Valença-Montenegro, R A Mota, L H V G Gil
Mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue, yellow fever and, more recently, Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and Zika virus (ZIKV) have a great impact in the public health. In addition, the presence of such viruses might have an impact on wild animal conservation as well as their possible role as animal reservoir. Here, we performed a serological survey searching for antibodies against a panel of flaviviruses [ZIKV, Dengue virus (DENV), Yellow Fever virus (YFV), West Nile virus (WNV), Saint Louis Encephalitis virus (SLEV), Ilheus virus (ILHV) and Rocio virus (ROCV)] using plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT90 ) in both free-ranging and captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus flavius and Sapajus libidinosus)...
February 8, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Vánio André Mugabe, Sadia Ali, Imelda Chelene, Vanessa Onofre Monteiro, Onélia Guiliche, Argentina Felisbela Muianga, Flora Mula, Virgílio António, Inocêncio Chongo, John Oludele, Kerstin Falk, Igor A Paploski, Mitermayer G Reis, Uriel Kitron, Beate M Kümmerer, Guilherme S Ribeiro, Eduardo Samo Gudo
BACKGROUND: In January 2016, health authorities from Zambézia province, Mozambique reported the detection of some patients presenting with fever, arthralgia, and a positive result for chikungunya in an IgM-based Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT). We initiated a study to investigate a potential chikungunya outbreak in the city of Quelimane. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: From February to June 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional study enrolling febrile patients attending five outpatient health units in Quelimane...
2018: PloS One
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