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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244745/immunotherapeutic-potential-of-oncolytic-h-1-parvovirus-hints-of-glioblastoma-microenvironment-conversion-towards-immunogenicity
#1
Assia L Angelova, Milena Barf, Karsten Geletneky, Andreas Unterberg, Jean Rommelaere
Glioblastoma, one of the most aggressive primary brain tumors, is characterized by highly immunosuppressive microenvironment. This contributes to glioblastoma resistance to standard treatment modalities and allows tumor growth and recurrence. Several immune-targeted approaches have been recently developed and are currently under preclinical and clinical investigation. Oncolytic viruses, including the autonomous protoparvovirus H-1 (H-1PV), show great promise as novel immunotherapeutic tools. In a first phase I/IIa clinical trial (ParvOryx01), H-1PV was safe and well tolerated when locally or systemically administered to recurrent glioblastoma patients...
December 15, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244620/calming-cycle-theory-and-the-co-regulation-of-oxytocin
#2
Martha G Welch, Robert J Ludwig
The biological functions of oxytocin in attachment and bonding between mother and infant in parturition and breastfeeding and between adults have been studied extensively. However, most current authors have proposed that infant attachment to the mother is learned through operant conditioning mechanisms via the infant's brain and central nervous system. We propose that oxytocin levels in the mother and infant are co-regulated by emotional connection or disconnection, and that the autonomic co-conditioning learning mechanism can be exploited to change a negative physiological and behavioral response between mother and infant into a positive one...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244112/the-effect-of-descriptive-age-norms-on-the-motivation-to-exercise-among-older-adults
#3
Johan Pelssers, Katrien Fransen, Norbert Vanbeselaere, Filip Boen
Based on the principles of the Social Identity Approach (SIA), the present experiment aimed to examine the impact of communicating descriptive age norms on older adults' autonomous motivation to exercise. Under the cover of a marketing study, older adults (n = 120; age = 65-70 years) participated in a newly created exercise activity, 'Pattern Stepping'. This activity was framed as an activity that was descriptively normative either for older adults, for younger adults, for both groups, or for none. Repeated measures ANOVAs revealed that participants felt greater satisfaction of their basic psychological needs and were more autonomously motivated to exercise if Pattern Stepping was framed as an activity popular among the young, rather than among older adults...
December 12, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243713/the-gdc-a-law-unto-itself
#4
M Armstrong, P Ward
The following two pieces are published here to help highlight the parlous state of affairs between the British Dental Association ([BDA] the dental profession) and its regulator, the General Dental Council (GDC). The first piece by Mick Armstrong details the background to one of the letters he sent to Mr William Moyes, Chair of the GDC and provides a link to rest of the lengthy correspondence. The second piece by BDA Chief Executive Peter Ward questions how autonomous the GDC can actually be under the law and asks whether such a body is in fact acting without the law...
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243089/structural-insights-on-the-dynamics-of-proteasome-formation
#5
REVIEW
Koichi Kato, Tadashi Satoh
Molecular organization in biological systems comprises elaborately programmed processes involving metastable complex formation of biomolecules. This is exemplified by the formation of the proteasome, which is one of the largest and most complicated biological supramolecular complexes. This biomolecular machinery comprises approximately 70 subunits, including structurally homologous, but functionally distinct, ones, thereby exerting versatile proteolytic functions. In eukaryotes, proteasome formation is non-autonomous and is assisted by assembly chaperones, which transiently associate with assembly intermediates, operating as molecular matchmakers and checkpoints for the correct assembly of proteasome subunits...
December 14, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242602/altered-heart-rate-regulation-by-the-autonomic-nervous-system-in-mice-lacking-natriuretic-peptide-receptor-c-npr-c
#6
Motahareh Moghtadaei, Ellen Langille, Sara A Rafferty, Oleg Bogachev, Robert A Rose
Natriuretic peptides (NPs) play essential roles in the regulation of cardiovascular function. NP effects are mediated by receptors known as NPR-A, NPR-B or NPR-C. NPs have potent effects on regulation of heart rate (HR) by the autonomic nervous system (ANS), but the role of NPR-C in these effects has not been investigated. Accordingly, we have used telemetric ECG recordings in awake, freely moving wildtype and NPR-C knockout (NPR-C-/-) mice and performed heart rate variability (HRV) analysis to assess alterations in sympatho-vagal balance on the heart following loss of NPR-C...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242599/stochastic-gene-expression-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#7
Ilka Schultheiß Araújo, Jessica Magdalena Pietsch, Emma Mathilde Keizer, Bettina Greese, Rachappa Balkunde, Christian Fleck, Martin Hülskamp
Although plant development is highly reproducible, some stochasticity exists. This developmental stochasticity may be caused by noisy gene expression. Here we analyze the fluctuation of protein expression in Arabidopsis thaliana. Using the photoconvertible KikGR marker, we show that the protein expressions of individual cells fluctuate over time. A dual reporter system was used to study extrinsic and intrinsic noise of marker gene expression. We report that extrinsic noise is higher than intrinsic noise and that extrinsic noise in stomata is clearly lower in comparison to several other tissues/cell types...
December 14, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242557/the-metabolic-syndrome-associated-small-g-protein-arl15-plays-a-role-in-adipocyte-differentiation-and-adiponectin-secretion
#8
Nuno Rocha, Felicity Payne, Isabel Huang-Doran, Alison Sleigh, Katherine Fawcett, Claire Adams, Anna Stears, Vladimir Saudek, Stephen O'Rahilly, Inês Barroso, Robert K Semple
Common genetic variants at the ARL15 locus are associated with plasma adiponectin, insulin and HDL cholesterol concentrations, obesity, and coronary atherosclerosis. The ARL15 gene encodes a small GTP-binding protein whose function is currently unknown. In this study adipocyte-autonomous roles for ARL15 were investigated using conditional knockdown of Arl15 in murine 3T3-L1 (pre)adipocytes. Arl15 knockdown in differentiated adipocytes impaired adiponectin secretion but not adipsin secretion or insulin action, while in preadipocytes it impaired adipogenesis...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242317/enzyme-free-nucleic-acid-dynamical-systems
#9
Niranjan Srinivas, James Parkin, Georg Seelig, Erik Winfree, David Soloveichik
Chemistries exhibiting complex dynamics-from inorganic oscillators to gene regulatory networks-have been long known but either cannot be reprogrammed at will or rely on the sophisticated enzyme chemistry underlying the central dogma. Can simpler molecular mechanisms, designed from scratch, exhibit the same range of behaviors? Abstract chemical reaction networks have been proposed as a programming language for complex dynamics, along with their systematic implementation using short synthetic DNA molecules. We developed this technology for dynamical systems by identifying critical design principles and codifying them into a compiler automating the design process...
December 15, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242230/paracrine-brassinosteroid-signaling-at-the-stem-cell-niche-controls-cellular-regeneration
#10
Fidel Lozano-Elena, Ainoa Planas-Riverola, Josep Vilarrasa-Blasi, Rebecca Schwab, Ana I Caño-Delgado
Stem cell regeneration is crucial for both cell turnover and tissue healing in multicellular organisms. In Arabidopsis roots, a reduced group of cells known as the quiescent center (QC) acts as a cell reservoir for surrounding stem cells during both normal growth and in response to external damage. Although cells of the QC have a very low mitotic activity, plant hormones such as brassinosteroids (BR) can promote QC divisions. Here, we used a tissue-specific strategy to investigate the spatial signaling requirements of BR-mediated QC divisions...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242088/voluntarily-induced-vomiting-a-yoga-technique-to-enhance-pulmonary-functions-in-healthy-humans
#11
Ragavendrasamy Balakrishnan, Ramesh Mavathur Nanjundaiah, Nandi Krishnamurthy Manjunath
Vomiting is a complex autonomic reflex orchestrated by several neurological centres in the brain. Vagus, the cranial nerve plays a key role in regulation of vomiting. Kunjal Kriya (Voluntarily Induced Vomiting), is a yogic cleansing technique which involves voluntarily inducing vomiting after drinking saline water (5%) on empty stomach. This study was designed with an objective to understand the effect of voluntary induced vomiting (ViV) on pulmonary functions in experienced practitioners and novices and derive its possible therapeutic applications...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242010/heart-rate-variability-analysis-in-patients-who-have-bradycardia-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-chest-pain
#12
Jeffrey Tadashi Sakamoto, Nan Liu, Zhi Xiong Koh, Dagang Guo, Micah Liam Arthur Heldeweg, Janson Cheng Ji Ng, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) is a noninvasive method to measure the function of the autonomic nervous system. It has been used to risk stratify patients with undifferentiated chest pain in the emergency department (ED). However, bradycardia can have a modifying effect on HRV. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to determine how bradycardia affected HRV analysis in patients who presented with chest pain to the ED. METHODS: Adult patients presenting to the ED at Singapore General Hospital with chest pain were included in the study...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241836/opposite-effects-of-stress-on-pain-modulation-depend-on-the-magnitude-of-individual-stress-response
#13
Nirit Geva, Ruth Defrin
The effect of acute stress on pain threshold and intolerance threshold are reported as producing either hypoalgesia or hyperalgesia. Yet, the contribution of individual stress reactivity in this respect has not been established. The aim was to test two pain modulation paradigms under acute stress manipulation, here for the first time, in order to study whether stress differentially affects pain modulation, and whether the effect is related to individual stress response. Participants were 31 healthy subjects...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241439/family-decision-making-and-self-determination-among-consumers-with-schizophrenia-in-china-cross-cultural-implications
#14
Ying Chen, Chow S Lam, Hong Deng, Patrick W Corrigan, Eva Yau
OBJECTIVES: Self-determination is viewed as an important ingredient of successful recovery in psychiatric rehabilitation. The concept of autonomy, a key component of self-determination, may be of less importance in Chinese cultures, whereby an individual's choices may be in conflict with the family's expectations. This study aimed to develop an instrument to measure opinions about self-determination among Chinese consumers and their family members. METHODS: A 27-item questionnaire, the Consumer and Family Decision Making Scale (CFDMS), was constructed to measure consumers' and family members' views of self-determination in various aspects of daily life...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241417/neuropsychiatric-manifestations-are-not-uncommon-in-indian-lupus-patients-and-negatively-affect-quality-of-life
#15
H Muhammed, M Goyal, V Lal, S Singh, V Dhir
Objectives The objectives of this paper are to look at the prevalence of neuropsychiatric manifestations and assess their impact on quality of life in North Indian lupus patients. Methods The study included consecutive patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who were older than 18 years and met the SLICC 2012 criteria. A diagnosis of a neuropsychiatric syndrome was made as per ACR 1999 definitions. Manifestations occurring at any point in time after the diagnosis of SLE were considered if a reliable history and medical records were available...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241309/involvement-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-activation-in-midkine-mediated-central-hypotensive-effects
#16
Ching-Huang Lin, Jun-Yen Pan, Jung-Jui Chang, Hsin-Hung Chen, Pei-Wen Cheng, Ching-Jiunn Tseng
The growth factor midkine has been implicated in various biologic and pathologic events. It has been shown that the peripheral influence of midkine on cardiovascular regulation is due to an influence on the renin-angiotensin system. The nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) is the primary integrative center for cardiovascular control and other autonomic functions in the central nervous system. However, the signaling mechanisms involved in midkine-mediated cardiovascular effects in the NTS remain unclear. In this study, we investigated whether the renin-angiotensin system and/ or N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-calmodulin-eNOS signaling pathways were both involved in midkine-mediated blood pressure (BP) regulation in the NTS of Wistar-Kyoto rats...
December 15, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240789/how-to-quantitatively-evaluate-safety-of-driver-behavior-upon-accident-a-biomechanical-methodology
#17
Wen Zhang, Jieer Cao, Jun Xu
How to evaluate driver spontaneous reactions in various collision patterns in a quantitative way is one of the most important topics in vehicle safety. Firstly, this paper constructs representative numerical crash scenarios described by impact velocity, impact angle and contact position based on finite element (FE) computation platform. Secondly, a driver cabin model is extracted and described in the well validated multi-rigid body (MB) model to compute the value of weighted injury criterion to quantitatively assess drivers' overall injury under certain circumstances...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240289/dnazyme-feedback-amplification-relaying-molecular-recognition-to-exponential-dna-amplification
#18
Meng Liu, Qingxin Yin, Erin McConnell, Yangyang Chang, John Brennan, Yingfu Li
Technologies capable of linking DNA amplification to molecular recognition are very desirable for ultrasensitive biosensing applications. We have developed a simple but powerful isothermal DNA amplification method, termed DNAzyme feedback amplification (DFA), that is capable of relaying molecular recognition to exponential DNA amplification. The method incorporates both an RNA-cleaving DNAzyme (RCD) and rolling circle amplification (RCA) carried out by a special DNA polymerase using a circular DNA template...
December 14, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239531/dna-synthesis-by-primer-exchange-reaction-cascades
#19
Marcel Hollenstein
The autonomous synthesis of single-stranded DNA molecules of arbitrary size and sequence composition can easily be achieved by Primer Exchange Reaction (PER) cascades. In PER cascades, the sequential polymerase-mediated extension of DNA primers is guided by catalytic hairpins. This highlight presents this method and illustrates its potential for applications in DNA nanotechnology.
December 14, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239338/effects-of-neuregulin-1-on-autonomic-nervous-system-remodeling-post-myocardial-infarction-in-a-rat-model
#20
Xin Lai, Liang Zhong, Hai-Xia Fu, Song Dang, Xin Wang, Ning Zhang, Gao-Ke Feng, Zi-Qiang Liu, Xi Wang, Long Wang
Sympathetic nerve and vagus nerve remodeling play an important part in cardiac function post-myocardial infarction (MI). Increasing evidence indicates that neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) improves cardiac function following heart failure. Since its impact on cardiac function and neural remodeling post-MI is poorly understood, we aimed to investigate the role of NRG-1 in autonomic nervous system remodeling post-MI. Forty-five Sprague-Dawley rats were equally randomized into three groups: sham (with the left anterior descending coronary artery exposed but without ligation), MI (left anterior descending coronary artery ligation), and MI plus NRG-1 (left anterior descending coronary artery ligation followed by intraperitoneal injection of NRG-1 (10 μg/kg, once daily for 7 days))...
November 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
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