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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324983/the-precuneus-may-encode-irrationality-in-human-gambling
#1
P Sacre, M S D Kerr, S Subramanian, K Kahn, J Gonzalez-Martinez, M A Johnson, S V Sarma, J T Gale
Humans often make irrational decisions, especially psychiatric patients who have dysfunctional cognitive and emotional circuitry. Understanding the neural basis of decision-making is therefore essential towards patient management, yet current studies suffer from several limitations. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies in humans have dominated decision-making neuroscience, but have poor temporal resolution and the blood oxygenation level-dependent signal is only a proxy for neural activity. On the other hand, lesion studies in humans used to infer functionality in decision-making lack characterization of neural activity altogether...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323222/laparoscopic-nerve-preserving-sacropexy
#2
Alfredo Ercoli, Stefano Cosma, Francesca Riboni, Giuseppe Campagna, Paolo Petruzzelli, Daniela Surico, Saverio Danese, Giovanni Scambia, Chiara Benedetto
STUDY OBJECTIVE: to demonstrate our developed nerve preserving technique during laparoscopic sacropexy (LSP) for multicompartment pelvic organ prolapse. DESIGN: exemplificative case of our surgical procedure based on a multicentric experience consisting of more than 800 cases in 10 years without major intraoperative complications. Informed consent was taken from the subject, and the institutional review board approved this research. SETTING: public practice at Maggiore della Carità University Hospital, Novara; at Sant'Anna Hospital, City of Health and Science, University of Torino; at A...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317112/sacred-practices-and-family-processes-in-a-jewish-context-shabbat-as-the-weekly-family-ritual-par-excellence
#3
Loren D Marks, Trevan G Hatch, David C Dollahite
The present article provides a deep and more focused look at the utility, meaning, processes, and power involved in a specific, family-level, sacred practice or ritual from Judaism: Shabbat (Sabbath). Content analysis of in-depth interviews with 30 diverse, marriage-based Jewish families living in the United States (N = 77 individuals) yielded three emergent themes: (a) "Shabbat brings us closer together"; (b) How Shabbat brings the family together; and (c) The Power of Blessing the Children. These themes will be discussed respectively, along with related verbatim data from participants' in-depth qualitative interviews...
March 19, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254396/new-insights-on-tuberculous-aortitis
#4
Laure Delaval, Tiphaine Goulenok, Paul Achouh, David Saadoun, Julien Gaudric, Quentin Pellenc, Jean-Emmanuel Kahn, Nicoletta Pasi, Damien van Gysel, Patrick Bruneval, Thomas Papo, Karim Sacre
OBJECTIVE: Aortitis is an exceedingly rare manifestation of tuberculosis. We describe 11 patients with tuberculous aortitis (TA). METHODS: Multicenter medical charts of patients hospitalized between 2003 and 2015 with TA in Paris, France, were reviewed. Demographic, medical history, laboratory, imaging, pathologic findings, treatment, and follow-up data were extracted from medical records. TA was considered when aortitis was diagnosed in a patient with active tuberculosis...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242100/toxicodynetics-in-nordiazepam-and-oxazepam-overdoses
#5
L Sacre, S M Ali, A Villa, R Jouffroy, J-H Raphalen, R Garnier, F J Baud
OBJECTIVES: Toxicodynetics aims at defining the time-course of major clinical events in drug overdose. We report the toxicodynetics in mono-intoxications with oxazepam and nordiazepam. METHODS: Cases of oxazepam or nordiazepam overdoses collected at the Paris poison control centre from 1999 to 2014 on the basis of self-report. A particular attention was paid to eliminate the concomitant alcohol or psychotropic co-ingestions. The toxicodynetic parameters were assessed as previously described...
February 24, 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227248/the-precuneus-may-encode-irrationality-in-human-gambling
#6
P Sacre, M S D Kerr, S Subramanian, K Kahn, J Gonzalez-Martinez, M A Johnson, S V Sarma, J T Gale, P Sacre, M S D Kerr, S Subramanian, K Kahn, J Gonzalez-Martinez, M A Johnson, S V Sarma, J T Gale, S Subramanian, M S D Kerr, M A Johnson, J T Gale, K Kahn, P Sacre, S V Sarma, J Gonzalez-Martinez
Humans often make irrational decisions, especially psychiatric patients who have dysfunctional cognitive and emotional circuitry. Understanding the neural basis of decision-making is therefore essential towards patient management, yet current studies suffer from several limitations. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies in humans have dominated decision-making neuroscience, but have poor temporal resolution and the blood oxygenation level-dependent signal is only a proxy for neural activity. On the other hand, lesion studies in humans used to infer functionality in decision-making lack characterization of neural activity altogether...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209079/acid-base-disorders-after-orthotopic-bladder-replacement-comparison-of-an-ileal-neobladder-and-an-ileal-conduit
#7
AJin Cho, Seung Min Lee, Jung Woo Noh, Don Kyoung Choi, Yongseong Lee, Sung Tae Cho, Ki Kyung Kim, Young Goo Lee, Young Ki Lee
OBJECTIVES: For many years, creation of an orthotopic neobladder after cystectomy has been popular. In the present study, we measured the extent of metabolic acidosis in patients with ileal neobladders compared with ileal conduits and defined risk factors for development of metabolic acidosis. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 95 patients, who underwent radical cystectomy and urinary diversion to treat invasive bladder cancer from January 2001 to December 2014 at Hallym University Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, through investigation of acid-base balance, serum electrolyte levels and renal function one month and one year after operation...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205636/erratum-lucky-rhythms-in-orbitofrontal-cortex-bias-gambling-decisions-in-humans
#8
Pierre Sacré, Matthew S D Kerr, Kevin Kahn, Jorge Gonzalez-Martinez, Juan Bulacio, Hyun-Joo Park, Matthew A Johnson, Susan Thompson, Jaes Jones, Vikram S Chib, John T Gale, Sridevi V Sarma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194562/the-iboga-alkaloids
#9
Catherine Lavaud, Georges Massiot
Iboga alkaloids are a particular class of indolomonoterpenes most often characterized by an isoquinuclidine nucleus. Their first occurrence was detected in the roots of Tabernanthe iboga, a sacred plant to the people of Gabon, which made it cult object. Ibogaine is the main representative of this class of alkaloids and its psychoactive properties are well documented. It has been proposed as a drug cessation treatment and has a wide range of activities in targeting opioids, cocaine, and alcohol. The purpose of this chapter is to provide a background on this molecule and related compounds and to update knowledge on the most recent advances made...
2017: Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180098/analysis-of-risk-factors-for-conversion-from-off-pump-to-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#10
Junghyeon Lim, Won Yong Lee, Yong Joon Ra, Jae Han Jeong, Ho Hyun Ko
BACKGROUND: Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) is performed worldwide, but significant risks are associated with conversion to on-pump surgery. Therefore, we evaluated the composite outcomes between an OPCAB group and a conversion group. METHODS: From January 2008 to December 2012, 100 consecutive patients underwent OPCAB at Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, of whom 84 underwent OPCAB without adverse events (OPCAB group), and 16 were converted to on-pump surgery (conversion group)...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151789/creating-a-sacred-space-in-the-intensive-care-unit-at-the-end-of-life
#11
Ann L Fournier
Improving care at the end of life is a health priority. At least one-third of deaths in the United States occur in the hospital; nearly half of the Americans who die in the hospital will have spent time in the intensive care unit during the last 3 days of life. Critically ill patients and their families identify significant unmet spiritual, environmental, and communication needs. Although the Society of Critical Care Medicine recommends that the spiritual needs of critically ill patients be addressed by the health care team and be incorporated in patients' plans of care, spiritual concerns are infrequently addressed during goals-of-care discussions...
March 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134085/digenic-mefv-tnfrsf1a-autoinflammatory-syndrome-with-relapsing-aseptic-neutrophilic-meningitis-and-chronic-myelitis
#12
Anne Murarasu, Catherine Dodé, Guillaume Sarrabay, Isabelle Klein, Thomas Papo, Karim Sacré
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January 26, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114474/annals-for-hospitalists-inpatient-notes-rituals-in-chaos-the-sacred-in-the-profane
#13
Poonam Hosamani, Abraham Verghese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111491/the-value-of-life-in-english-law-revered-but-not-sacred
#14
Rob Heywood, Alexandra Mullock
Terms such as sanctity and inviolability have failed to provide a legally coherent or ethically sound principle upon which to determine the scope of the intrinsic value of life against extrinsic, quality-of-life considerations in a medical context. In their recent work, Margaret Brazier and Suzanne Ost introduce a new term, reverence for life, which they suggest may be more appropriate when attempting to navigate the murky waters of the meaning of life and the value that should be attached to it. They suggest that reverence should be utilised as an alternative that better reflects the nuances and the realities of the dilemma...
December 2016: Legal Studies: the Journal of the Society of Legal Scholars
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108913/religion-and-public-health-moral-tradition-as-both-problem-and-solution
#15
Michael Rozier
Despite strong religious influence in the development of medicine and medical ethics, religion has been relatively absent in the rise of preventive medicine and population health. Episodic, clinical medicine has a powerful hold on the religious imagination in health care. Nevertheless, Hebrew Scripture, elements of rabbinical teaching, and modern concepts of social justice all can be used to inspire action in health care that goes beyond clinical medicine. The Christian tradition can call upon the corporal works of mercy, virtue ethics, and Catholic social teaching, as well as the modern history Catholic sisters in the U...
June 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104422/tipless-nitinol-stone-baskets-comparison-of-penetration-force-radial-dilation-force-opening-dynamics-and-deflection
#16
Nishant Patel, Arash Akhavein, Bryan Hinck, Rajat Jain, Manoj Monga
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 5 commercially available tipless nitinol baskets (2.2F) in 4 performance factors: penetration force, radial dilation force, opening dynamics, and deflection limitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 2.2F Coloplast Dormia No-Tip, 1.5F Sacred Heart Medical Halo, 2.2F Cook NCircle Nitinol Tipless Stone Extractor, 1.9F Bard SkyLite Tipless Nitinol Basket, and 1.9F Boston Scientific Zero Tip Nitinol Stone Retrieval Basket were tested for penetration force (safety metric), radial dilation force (functional metric for ureteral calculi), and opening or closing dynamics...
January 16, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089985/giant-cell-arteritis-related-stroke-a-retrospective-multicenter-case-control-study
#17
Hubert de Boysson, Eric Liozon, Delphine Larivière, Maxime Samson, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Jonathan Boutemy, Gwénola Maigné, Nicolas Martin Silva, Kim Ly, Emmanuel Touzé, Bernard Bonnotte, Achille Aouba, Karim Sacré, Boris Bienvenu
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA)-related stroke and to compare them with a control group of GCA patients without stroke. METHODS: We created a retrospective multicenter cohort of patients with (1) GCA diagnosed according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria between 1995 and 2015, and (2) stroke occurring at the time of GCA diagnosis or occurring within 4 weeks of starting GCA therapy. The control group consisted of GCA patients without stroke...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065812/minimally-invasive-approach-in-type-ii-endometrial-cancer-it-is-wise-and-safe
#18
Giorgia Monterossi, Fabio Ghezzi, Enrico Vizza, Gian Franco Zannoni, Stefano Uccella, Giacomo Corrado, Stefano Restaino, Lorena Quagliozzi, Jvan Casarin, Giorgia Dinoi, Giovanni Scambia, Francesco Fanfani
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to compare peri-operative and survival outcomes of Type II endometrial cancers patients staged by minimally invasive approaches versus laparotomy. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. DESIGN: Classification: Canadian Task Force classification II-2 SETTING: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Rome, University of Insubria, Varese and "Regina Elena" National Cancer Institute of Rome. PATIENTS: We enrolled 283 Type II endometrial cancer patients with clinical FIGO stage I-II and pathological stage III with apparent early-stage disease at the pre-operative instrumental examination...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065255/a-54-year-old-man-with-lingual-granuloma-and-multiple-pulmonary-excavated-nodules
#19
Julien Dang, Noémie Chanson, Caroline Charlier, Christine Bonnal, Gregory Jouvion, Tiphaine Goulenok, Thomas Papo, Karim Sacre
A 54-year-old French man was admitted for evaluation of a chronic nodular lesion of the tongue and mandibular lymphadenopathy. He reported active tobacco and cannabis smoking as well as excessive alcohol use. He also reported frequent use of cocaine for several months and a past addiction to IV heroin. He had traveled abroad as a journalist and lived for several months in Columbia and Venezuela 12 years ago. His medical history included chronic hepatitis C infection successfully treated with interferon and ribavirin 6 years ago and high BP...
January 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035427/trace-element-contamination-in-tissues-of-four-bird-species-from-the-rift-valley-region-ethiopia
#20
Yared Beyene Yohannes, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Shouta M M Nakayama, Hazuki Mizukawa, Mayumi Ishizuka
Concentrations of ten trace elements (Hg, As, Cd, Pb, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Se and Zn) were determined in different tissues (liver, kidney, muscle, heart and brain) of African sacred ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus), Hamerkop (Scopus umbretta), marabou stork (Leptoptilos crumeniferus) and great white pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus) inhabiting the Ethiopian Rift Valley region. There were differences in trace element patterns among the bird species. Significantly (p < 0.05) higher concentrations of Cd (5.53 µg/g dw ± 2...
February 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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