Read by QxMD icon Read


Doris Cavlovich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Nursing
Sheryl Scott, Joanne D'Silva, Carol Hernandez, Nicole Toves Villaluz, Jaime Martinez, Chris Matter
While the reduction in the overall U.S. smoking prevalence has been declared one of the top 10 public health achievements of the past century, the growing disparity in smoking between American Indians and the general population is one of the biggest challenges of the 21st century. Minnesota in particular has very high smoking rates among American Indians (59%). Tribal Nations in Minnesota share a past of attempted cultural genocide and a present of restoring the strength of their cultural teachings, including the prominence of traditional tobacco as a sacred "first medicine...
October 14, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Tao Shi, Kun Wang, Pingfang Yang
microRNAs (miRNAs) are important noncoding small RNAs that regulate mRNAs in eukaryotes. However, under which circumstances different miRNAs/miRNA families exhibit different evolutionary trajectories in plants remains unclear. In this study, we sequenced the small RNAs and degradome from a basal eudicot, sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera or lotus), to identify miRNAs and their targets. Combining with public miRNAs, we predicted 57 pre-eudicot miRNA families from different evolutionary stages. We found that miRNA families featuring older age, higher copy and target number tend to show lower propensity for miRNA family loss (PGL) and stronger signature of purifying selection during divergence of temperate and tropical lotus...
October 15, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Eunju Lee, Marianne E Krasny
This study investigated the indicators of adaptive capacity along with disturbances in community forest management systems in the East Asian countries, China, Japan and South Korea. Although these countries have centuries-old traditions of community-based forest management, they have been less researched in light of adaptive capacity for resilient social-ecological systems. Recent social and ecological disturbances bring about new challenges and/or opportunities to the capacity of forest related communities to adapt to rapidly changing conditions...
October 4, 2016: Environmental Management
Patricia Nez Henderson, April Roeseler, Gregg Moor, Hershel W Clark, Alfred Yazzie, Priscilla Nez, Chantal Nez, Samantha Sabo, Scott J Leischow
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive smoke-free laws are effective at protecting non-smokers and reducing tobacco use, yet they are not widely adopted by tribal governments. METHODS: A series of smoke-free policy initiatives on the Navajo Nation, beginning in 2008, were reviewed to identify key issues, successes and setbacks. RESULTS: It has been essential that proposed policies acknowledge the Navajo people's spiritual use of nát'oh, a sacred plant used for gift-giving, medicinal purposes and traditional ceremonies, while simultaneously discouraging a secular use of commercial tobacco...
October 2016: Tobacco Control
Chabaco Armijos, Gianluca Gilardoni, Luis Amay, Antonio Lozano, Francesco Bracco, Jorge Ramirez, Nicole Bec, Christian Larroque, Paola Vita Finzi, Giovanni Vidari
ETHNOBOTANICAL AND ETHNOMEDICINAL RELEVANCE: This study concerns seven Huperzia species (Lycopodiaceae), namely H. brevifolia, H. columnaris, H. compacta, H. crassa, H. espinosana, H. tetragona, H. weberbaueri, which are considered sacred plants by the Saraguro community, living in the Southern Andes of Ecuador; these plants are widely used in traditional medicine and ritual ceremonies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The plants were selected on the basis of written interviews with 10 visionary healers (yachak) (2 women, 8 men), indicated as the most credible by the Saraguro Healers Council...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Bhesh Raj Sharma, Lekh Nath S Gautam, Deepak Adhikari, Rajendra Karki
Nelumbo nucifera, also known as sacred lotus, has primarily been used as food throughout the Asian continent, and its medicinal values have been described in Ayurvedic and Traditional Chinese Medicine. The purpose of this study is to systematically characterize the chemical profiling and pharmacological activities of N. nucifera. Herein, we critically reviewed and analysed the phytochemical and pharmacological reports of N. nucifera. Our search for the keyword 'Nelumbo nucifera pharmacology' in all databases reported in Web of Science yielded 373 results excluding reviews and abstracts in document types...
September 26, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
V Gallotta, V Chiantera, C Conte, G Vizzielli, A Fagotti, C Nero, B Costantini, A Lucidi, C Cicero, G Scambia, G Ferrandina
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of total robotic radical surgery (TRRS) in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) who receive chemoradiation therapy (CT/RT). DESIGN: Prospective (pre-planned) study: Non-randomized controlled trial (Canadian Task Force classification level 2). SETTING: Catholic University of the Sacred Hearth, Rome, Italy. PATIENTS: Between September 2013 and January 2016, a total of 40 patients with LACC (FIGO stage IB2-III) were enrolled into the study...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Sarah Lechtman, Marie-Pierre Debray, Bruno Crestani, Catherine Bancal, Muriel Hourseau, Antoine Dossier, Jean-François Alexandra, Marie-Paule Chauveheid, Thomas Papo, Karim Sacre
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the prevalence, characteristics and outcome of cystic lung disease associated with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). METHODS: From June 2010 to February 2015, 90 consecutive SS patients [60.1±14.8years; 88 (97.8%) female, 75 (83.3%) primary SS] had a systematic chest CT-scan. The presence of thin-walled cysts was analyzed by one experienced radiologist. Demographic data, clinical history, laboratory findings, and pulmonary function tests were extracted retrospectively from medical records...
September 19, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
Sara Nader Marta, Roberto Yoshio Kawakami, Claudia Almeida Prado Piccino Sgavioli, Ana Eliza Correa, Guaniara D'Árk de Oliveira El Kadre, Ricardo Sandri Carvalho
Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is an inherited autosomal dominant genetic disorder presenting variable penetrance and expressivity, with an estimated prevalence of 1:42,000. Clinical characteristics of WS include lateral displacement of the internal eye canthus, hyperplasia of the medial portion of the eyebrows, prominent and broad nasal base, congenital deafness, pigmentation of the iris and skin, and white forelock. A 24-year-old male patient, previously diagnosed with WS, was referred to the Special Needs Dental Clinic of Sacred Heart University, Bauru, Brazil...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Matthieu Clavaud, Yves Roggo, Klara Dégardin, Pierre-Yves Sacré, Philippe Hubert, Eric Ziemons
The use of Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) as a fast and non-destructive technique was employed for moisture content (MC) determination in Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) in replacement to Karl Fischer (KF) method. The lab analysis of ADCs, high potent medicines, should be performed in conditions ensuring the operator's safety and using secured analytical tools like NIRS. A NIRS method was first developed and validated in compliance with current guidelines. The novelty of this work first lies in the large number of samples prepared for a wide moisture calibration range of 0...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
M De Laveleye, T D Huang, P Bogaerts, C Berhin, C Bauraing, P Sacré, A Noel, Y Glupczynski
Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae are increasingly reported worldwide. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence and molecular epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing (CP) Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae (CP-E/K) in Belgium. Eleven hospital-based laboratories collected carbapenem non-susceptible (CNS) isolates of E. coli and K. pneumoniae detected in clinical specimens from January 2013 to December 2014. All CNS strains were tested for carbapenemase production and typed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) for a 6-month period as part of the European Survey on Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae in Europe (EuSCAPE) structured survey...
September 17, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Yu Wang, Shenglu Shi, Ying Zhou, Yu Zhou, Jie Yang, Xiaoqing Tang
The GRAS gene family is one of the most important plant-specific gene families, which encodes transcriptional regulators and plays an essential role in plant development and physiological processes. The GRAS gene family has been well characterized in many higher plants such as Arabidopsis, rice, Chinese cabbage, tomato and tobacco. In this study, we identified 38 GRAS genes in sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera), analyzed their physical and chemical characteristics and performed phylogenetic analysis using the GRAS genes from eight representative plant species to show the evolution of GRAS genes in Planta...
2016: PeerJ
Shan-Shan Sun, Paul F Gugger, Qing-Feng Wang, Jin-Ming Chen
The lotus (Nelumbonaceae: Nelumbo Adans.) is a highly desired ornamental plant, comprising only two extant species, the sacred lotus (N. nucifera Gaerten.) with red flowers and the American lotus (N. lutea Willd.) with yellow flowers. Flower color is the most obvious difference of two species. To better understand the mechanism of flower color differentiation, the content of anthocyanins and the expression levels of four key structural genes (e.g., DFR, ANS, UFGT and GST) were analyzed in two species. Our results revealed that anthocyanins were detected in red flowers, not yellow flowers...
2016: PeerJ
Isabelle Tromme, Catherine Legrand, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Ulrike Leiter, Stefan Suciu, Alexander Eggermont, Laurine Sacré, Jean-François Baurain, Luc Thomas, Philippe Beutels, Niko Speybroeck
AIM: The main aim of this study is to demonstrate how our melanoma disease model (MDM) can be used for cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) in the melanoma detection field. In particular, we used the data of two cohorts of Belgian melanoma patients to investigate the cost-effectiveness of dermoscopy. METHODS: A MDM, previously constructed to calculate the melanoma burden, was slightly modified to be suitable for CEAs. Two cohorts of patients entered into the model to calculate morbidity, mortality and costs...
November 2016: European Journal of Cancer
C De Bleye, E Dumont, A Dispas, C Hubert, P-Y Sacré, L Netchacovitch, B De Muyt, C Kevers, J Dommes, Ph Hubert, E Ziemons
A new application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) in the field of plant material analysis is proposed in this study. The aim was to monitor the release of anatabine by methyl jasmonate (MeJa) elicited Bright Yellow-2 (BY-2) cells. Gold nanoparticles (AuNps) were used as SERS substrate. The first step was to study the SERS activity of anatabine in a complex matrix comprising the culture medium and BY-2 cells. The second step was the calibration. This one was successfully performed directly in the culture medium in order to take into account the matrix effect, by spiking the medium with different concentrations of anatabine, leading to solutions ranging from 250 to 5000µgL(-1)...
November 1, 2016: Talanta
Jihong Hu, Jing Jin, Qian Qian, Keke Huang, Yi Ding
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in plant growth and development. MiRNAs and their targets have been widely studied in model plants, but limited knowledge is available concerning this small RNA population and their targets in sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.). RESULTS: In this study, a total of 145 known miRNAs belonging to 47 families and 78 novel miRNAs were identified during seed germination using high-throughput small RNA sequencing...
2016: BMC Genomics
Julian M Groves, Wai-Yip Ho, Kaxton Siu
We examine the recent proliferation of religious discourses among front line social workers in the former British Colony of Hong Kong in order to explore the nature of 're-enchantment' in modern social work practice. In-depth qualitative interviews with twenty social workers who identify as 'Christian social workers' in a variety of social work organisations (both religious and secular) reveal the adoption of religious identities and discourses to navigate the encroachment of managerialism. A systematic analysis of these narratives suggests that Christian social workers evoke religion to reclaim feelings of authenticity in their work, to facilitate more personalised relationships with their clients, and to empower themselves following the introduction of managerialist policies...
July 2016: British Journal of Social Work
K Alysse Bailey, Kimberley L Gammage, Cathy van Ingen, David S Ditor
PURPOSE: This narrative explores the lived experience of a young woman, Rebecca, and her transitioned body image after sustaining and being treated for a spinal cord injury. METHOD: Data were collected from a single semi-structured in-depth interview. RESULTS: Rebecca disclosed her transitioned body image experiences after sustaining a spinal cord injury and being treated by medical staff immediately following her injury. Before her injury, she described a holistic body experience and named this experience her "temple"...
August 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Catalin-Iulian Efrimescu, Andrew Westbrook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"