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Désirée E S Larenas Linnemann, Margarita Fernández Vega, Jorge Agustín Luna Pech, Jimena Villaverde Rosas, José Antonio Ortega Martell, Blanca Estela Del Río Navarro, María Del Carmen Cano Salas, Jade Romero Lombard, Erika Del Carmen López Estrada, Monica Rodriguez-González, José Luis Mayorga Butrón, Jorge Salas Hernández, Juan Carlos Vázquez García, Ignacio Ortiz Aldana, Mario Humberto Vargas Becerra, Martín Bedolla Barajas, Noel Rodríguez Pérez, Ambrocio Aguilar Aranda, Carlos Adrián Jiménez González, Carlos García Bolaños, Claudia Garrido Galindo, David Alejandro Mendoza Hernández, Enrique Mendoza López, Gerardo López Pérez, Guillermo Hideo Wakida Kuzonoki, Héctor Hernán Ruiz Gutiérrez, Héctor León Molina, Héctor Martínez de la Lanza, Héctor Stone Aguilar, Javier Gómez Vera, Jorge Olvera Salinas, José Joel Oyoqui Flores, José Luis Gálvez Romero, José Santos Lozano Saenz, Juan Ignacio Salgado Gama, Marcos Alejandro Jiménez Chobillon, Martha Angélica García Avilés, Martha Patricia Guinto Balanzar, Miguel Alejandro Medina Ávalos, Robert Camargo Angeles, Rogelio García Torrentera, Saraí Toral Freyre, Gabriel Montes Narvaez, Héctor Solorio Gómez, Juan Rosas Peña, Sergio Jesús Romero Tapia, Adela Reyes Herrera, Francisco Cuevas Schacht, Joaquín Esquer Flores, José Antonio Sacre Hazouri, Lorenzo Compean Martínez, Pablo Julián Medina Sánchez, Sergio Garza Salinas, Carlos Baez Loyola, Iraís Romero Alvarado, José Luis Miguel Reyes, Laura Elizabeth Huerta Espinosa, Manuel Ángel Correa Flores, Ricardo Castro Martínez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Dipesh Rupakheti, Shichang Kang, Maheswar Rupakheti, Zhiyuan Cong, Lekhendra Tripathee, Arnico K Panday, Brent N Holben
For the first time, aerosol optical properties are measured over Lumbini, Nepal, with CIMEL sunphotometer of the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) program. Lumbini is a sacred place as the birthplace of Lord Buddha, and thus a UNESCO world heritage site, located near the northern edge of the central Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) and before the Himalayan foothills (and Himalayas) to its north. Average aerosol optical depth (AOD) is found to be 0.64 ± 0.38 (0.06-3.28) over the sampling period (January 2013-December 2014), with the highest seasonal AOD during the post-monsoon season (0...
March 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Robert John Aitken
This article is a personal perspective on male infertility, a condition that is not only extremely prevalent but also a major reason for couples to resort to assisted reproductive technology. The introduction of intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) as a form of facilitated fertilization had a revolutionary impact on our capacity to treat cases of male infertility associated with severely-compromised semen quality. However, the widespread use of this technique is also thought to pose risks in terms of the incidence of miscarriage, the health and wellbeing of the offspring and perpetuation of the infertile phenotype into future generations...
March 13, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
Adrian F Daly, Emily Castermans, Lindsey Oudijk, Mirtha A Guitelman, Pablo Beckers, Iulia Potorac, Sebastian J C M M Neggers, Nathalie Sacre, Aj Van der Lely, Vincent Bours, Wouter W de Herder, Albert Beckers
Copy number variations (CNV), an important genetic mechanism in inherited tumor genetics, can affect large genetic regions or can be limited to smaller regions within genes, such deletions of single exons. Such exon deletions can be challenging to identify and sequencing can be normal in these cases. Multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) can identify CNV of individual exons. Mutations in the MAX gene are associated with a risk of sporadic and hereditary pheochromocytoma. As mutations in other pheochromocytoma related genes can also cause pituitary tumors (3P-Association), we studied whether MAX exon deletions were involved in the etiology of patients with an unexplained association of multiple endocrine neoplasia including pituitary adenoma and pheochromocytoma...
March 13, 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
Edward H Reynolds
The word hysteria originated in the Corpus Hippocraticum (c420 BCE) as a natural explanation for a variety of diseases in women linked in the Greco-Roman mind to an animate or inanimate womb, but which in the last five centuries has evolved to describe an elusive disorder of brain ± mind in men and women, currently referred to by neurologists as "functional neurological disorder". The Babylonians, Assyrians and Egyptians had no knowledge of brain or psychological function. Babylonian and Assyrian descriptions of disease and behaviour include only rare examples suggestive of modern hysteria...
February 17, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Dolichan Kollareth, James A Russell
Disgust has been hypothesized to be uniquely linked to violations of a distinct moral domain (called divinity, purity, or sacred) aimed at preserving one's body from contamination with pathogens and preserving one's soul from violations of what is sacred. Here we examined whether the same emotion-core disgust-occurs when witnessing both types of violation, and we proposed a specific method for doing so. In two studies (N = 160; 240), American and Indian participants indicated their emotional reaction to (stories depicting) sacred or nonsacred violations, each either with or without pathogens...
March 1, 2018: Emotion
Radha Jetty
While tobacco is sacred in many Indigenous cultures, the recreational misuse of commercial tobacco is highly addictive and harmful. Tobacco misuse is the leading preventable cause of premature death in the world. Smoking rates among Canadian Indigenous youth are at least three times higher than for their non-Aboriginal peers, an alarming statistic on many levels. The tolls on health from extensive tobacco use range from disproportionately high individual mortality and morbidity to heavy socioeconomic burdens on Indigenous communities...
October 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Kishor Atreya, Dipesh Pyakurel, Krishna Singh Thagunna, Laxmi Dutt Bhatta, Yadav Uprety, Ram Prasad Chaudhary, Bishwa Nath Oli, Sagar Kumar Rimal
Traditional knowledge and practices are increasingly recognized in the resource conservation and management practices, however are declining in many parts of the world including Nepal. Studies on the inventory of traditional knowledge are available, albeit limited, and empirical analysis of factors contributing to the decline of traditional knowledge are negligible in Nepal. We thus initiated this study in the Nepal part of the Kailash Sacred Landscape to (i) document traditional knowledge and practices on agriculture, forest-based herbal remedy, and genetic resource conservation; and (ii) identify factors contributing to the decline of traditional practices in the communities...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Management
Ashwinikumar A Raut, Ashok D B Vaidya
For millennia, cow has been central to Indian economy, life and culture. There are innumerable references-Vedic and subsequent to the sacred significance of cow. The benefits of cow have been described at length in relation to agriculture, environment, health, economy and spiritual progress. However, the socio-political issues surrounding cow as a sacred animal have raised acrimonious debates. In Ayurveda also, there is a long tradition of using cow products for positive health, pharmaceutical processes and in therapeutics...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Yann Facchinello, Andréane Richard-Denis, Marie Beauséjour, Cynthia Thompson, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
STUDY DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVES: Assess the influence of surgical timing on neurological recovery using classification tree analysis in patients sustaining cervical traumatic spinal cord injury. SETTING: Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montreal METHODS: 42 patients sustaining cervical SCI were followed for at least 6 months post injury. Neurological status was assessed from the American Spinal Injury Association impairment scale (AIS) and neurological level of injury (NLI) at admission and at follow-up...
February 26, 2018: Spinal Cord
Christophe Pellefigues, Barbara Dema, Yasmine Lamri, Fanny Saidoune, Nathalie Chavarot, Charlotte Lohéac, Emeline Pacreau, Michael Dussiot, Caroline Bidault, Florian Marquet, Mathieu Jablonski, Jonathan M Chemouny, Fanny Jouan, Antoine Dossier, Marie-Paule Chauveheid, Delphine Gobert, Thomas Papo, Hajime Karasuyama, Karim Sacré, Eric Daugas, Nicolas Charles
In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), autoantibody production can lead to kidney damage and failure, known as lupus nephritis. Basophils amplify the synthesis of autoantibodies by accumulating in secondary lymphoid organs. Here, we show a role for prostaglandin D2 (PGD2 ) in the pathophysiology of SLE. Patients with SLE have increased expression of PGD2 receptors (PTGDR) on blood basophils and increased concentration of PGD2 metabolites in plasma. Through an autocrine mechanism dependent on both PTGDRs, PGD2 induces the externalization of CXCR4 on basophils, both in humans and mice, driving accumulation in secondary lymphoid organs...
February 20, 2018: Nature Communications
Dmitry S Mirsayafov, Timothy G Albert, Andrei N Shmakov, Polina V Asitinskaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
Roxane Raffin Chan, Jamie Beaulieu, Carolyn E Z Pickering
BACKGROUND: For persons with chronic disease, participation in meditation interventions can reduce anxiety, depression, and chronic disease symptoms in a dose dependent fashion. Unfortunately, information about how to support long-term participation in such an intervention is lacking. Therefore, a recent discovery of persons with chronic lung disease who have maintained a self-led meditation group for more than four years created an opportunity to analyze experiences, meanings and relationship dynamics of this community-based meditation group...
December 21, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Julian W Sacre, Chiew Wong, Yih-Kai Chan, Melinda J Carrington, Simon Stewart, Bronwyn A Kingwell
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the association of stage B heart failure (SBHF) and its constituent left ventricular (LV) abnormalities with trajectory of exercise capacity over time, and assess whether this association is modified by reversion of these LV abnormalities to normal. BACKGROUND: The LV abnormalities of SBHF may coincide with a reduction in exercise capacity that precedes the overt exercise intolerance of clinical heart failure (HF). Determining the predictive capacity of established and novel SBHF criteria for exercise capacity decline may improve HF risk stratification...
February 9, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Md Imdadul Haque, A B M Alauddin Chowdhury, Md Shahjahan, Md Golam Dostogir Harun
BACKGROUND: Traditional healing practice is an important and integral part of healthcare systems in almost all countries of the world. Very few studies have addressed the holistic scenario of traditional healing practices in Bangladesh, although these serve around 80% of the ailing people. This study explored distinctive forms of traditional healing practices in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: During July to October 2007, the study team conducted 64 unstructured interviews, and 18 key informant interviews with traditional healers and patients from Bhabanipur and Jobra, two adjacent villages in Chittagong district, Bangladesh...
February 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Sadek Beloucif
Science and Islamic culture incorporate the sacred and the profane. For a Muslim, science must be useful for humanity, and scientists must take responsibility, commensurate with their knowledge, for the potential consequences of their research. In this context, questions relating to the body in Islam take into account the Quran, hadiths and elements of established precedents.
January 2018: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
Zhuang Meng, Xiaoxu Hu, Zhiliang Zhang, Zhanjie Li, Qingfang Lin, Mei Yang, Pingfang Yang, Ray Ming, Qingyi Yu, Kai Wang
Sacred lotus is a basal eudicot plant that has been cultivated in Asia for over 7,000 years for its agricultural, ornamental, religious, and medicinal importance. A notable characteristic of lotus is the seed longevity. Extensive endeavors have been devoted to dissect its genome assembly, including the variety China Antique, which germinated from a 1,300-year-old seed. Here, cytogenetic markers representing the 10 largest megascaffolds, which constitute approximately 70% of the lotus genome assembly, were developed...
February 14, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Gabriel Lopez, Alejandro Chaoul, Catherine Powers-James, Amy Spelman, Qi Wei, Rosalinda Engle, Yousra Hashmi, Eduardo Bruera, Lorenzo Cohen
CONTEXT: Complementary health approaches such as meditation may help improve cancer patient and caregiver symptoms, yet little research has examined the clinical application of these programs. OBJECTIVES: We explored the effects of a meditation group class, offered as part of an integrative medicine clinic at a comprehensive cancer center, on patient and caregiver self-reported symptoms. METHODS: Participants (patients and caregivers) of any three meditation group classes offered - Power of Breath (PB), Sacred Sounds (SS), and Movement & Breath (MB) - were asked to complete the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS; scale 0-10, 10 most severe) before and after participation...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Zul Merali, Christian Cayer, Pamela Kent, Rui Liu, Victor Cal, Cory S Harris, John T Arnason
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Maya have traditionally used copal, Protium copal, as incense during ceremonies since pre-Columbian times. Anecdotally, copal (when burned as incense), is thought to elicit mentally uplifting and calming effects. The main objective of this study was to determine whether the incense elicits anxiolytic-like behavior in animal models using rats. A second objective was to characterize active constituents and discern potential mechanism(s) of action, specifically the involvement of the GABAergic and endocannabinoid (eCB) systems...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Gabriel Lavorato-Neto, Larissa Rodrigues, Egberto Ribeiro Turato, Claudinei José Gomes Campos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the meanings attributed by nursing professionals in psychiatry to spirituality and its relationship with care. METHOD: Clinical-qualitative, with appreciation of symbolic meanings. We interviewed 18 individuals for a semi-structured script of open questions and the data were analyzed in the light of psychoanalytic hermeneutics. The discussion was undertaken with the overlap of understanding of the sacred symbol, psychological and the meaning of life...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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