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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338375/an-updated-review-of-the-applied-physiology-of-american-collegiate-football-the-physical-demands-strength-conditioning-nutritional-considerations-and-injury-characteristics-of-america-s-favourite-game
#1
Hugh H K Fullagar, Robert McCunn, Andrew Murray
Whilst there are various avenues for performance improvement within collegiate American football (AF), there is no comprehensive evaluation of the collective array of resources around performance, physical conditioning and injury and training/game characteristics to guide future research and inform practitioners. Accordingly, the aim of the present review was to provide a current examination of these areas within collegiate AF. Recent studies show that there is a wide range of body compositions and strength characteristics between players, which appear to be influenced by playing position, level of play, training history/programming and time of season...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331992/hiv-testing-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-follow-up-review-of-the-qualitative-literature-since-2010
#2
REVIEW
Chi-Wai Lui, Judith Dean, Allyson Mutch, Limin Mao, Joseph Debattista, Jime Lemoire, Chris Howard, Andrea Whittaker, Olivia Hollingdrake, Lisa Fitzgerald
The landscape of HIV testing has changed significantly in recent years following the rise in importance of the 'treatment as prevention' strategy and advancements in new HIV testing and prevention technologies. This review provides a synthesis of qualitative research findings published since 2010 on preferences and practices of men who have sex with men (MSM) surrounding HIV testing in high-income settings. MSM are one of the hardest groups to reach with standard or conventional HIV testing approaches. To develop innovative testing strategies for this particular group, a good understanding of their concerns, barriers and facilitators of accessing HIV testing is needed...
March 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328760/current-practice-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-biopharmaceuticals-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
Iris Detrez, Thomas Van Stappen, María Dolores Martín Arranz, Kostas Papamichael, Ann Gils
Since the late nineties, biopharmaceuticals targeting tumor necrosis factor α have revolutionized the treatment of moderately to severely active inflammatory bowel disease. The robust efficacy witnessed in many patients stands in stark contrast with the observation of a proportion of patients who fail to respond or who lose response over time. Therapeutic drug monitoring has been proposed as a means to understand and respond to the variability in clinical response and remission. Various treatment algorithms have been proposed, but optimal use of these measurements in daily practice awaits additional prospective validation trials...
March 22, 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315831/evaluating-methods-of-updating-training-data-in-long-term-genomewide-selection
#4
Jeffrey L Neyhart, Tyler Tiede, Aaron J Lorenz, Kevin P Smith
Genomewide selection is hailed for its ability to facilitate greater genetic gains per unit time. Over breeding cycles, the requisite linkage disequilibrium (LD) between quantitative trait loci (QTL) and markers is expected to change as a result of recombination, selection, and drift, leading to a decay in prediction accuracy. Previous research has identified the need to update the training population using data that may capture new LD generated over breeding cycles, however optimal methods of updating have not been explored...
March 17, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306543/peripheral-levels-of-bdnf-and-opiate-use-disorder-literature-review-and-update
#5
Raul Felipe Palma-Álvarez, Elena Ros-Cucurull, Kristopher Amaro-Hosey, Laia Rodriguez-Cintas, Lara Grau-López, Margarida Corominas-Roso, Cristina Sánchez-Mora, Carlos Roncero
Several neurobiological factors are related to opiate-use disorder (OUD), and among them, neurotrophins have a relevant role. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a central neurotrophin involved in many neuronal processes, and it has been related to several psychiatric diseases and addictive disorders. BDNF can be measured in plasma and serum; its levels may reflect BDNF concentrations in the central nervous system (CNS) and, indirectly, CNS processes. Hence, peripheral BDNF could be a biomarker in clinical practice...
March 17, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303651/what-s-new-in-rome-iv
#6
REVIEW
J Tack, D A Drossman
The functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are the most common disorders seen in Gastroenterology clinical practice. The Rome process has generated consensus definitions of FGIDS, allowing to subdivide patients into diagnostic categories based on the symptom pattern. The Rome IV consensus, presented in 2016, is the most recent update of this diagnostic scheme. This article summarizes the main changes, which include the use of epidemiology-based symptom thresholds to define FGIDs, characterization of FGIDS as disorders of Gut-Brain interaction, and updates of criteria for esophageal disorders, irritable bowel syndrome and Biliary and Sphincter of Oddi disorders based on scientific and technical progress made over the last decade...
March 17, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302937/update-your-knowledge-of-abdominal-mri-recent-results-which-may-change-your-practice
#7
Utaroh Motosugi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301792/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-an-update
#8
Vera Golder, Alberta Hoi
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic multisystem autoimmune disease predominantly affecting women of childbearing age. New classification criteria for SLE have greater sensitivity and therefore improve the diagnostic certainty for some patients, especially those who may previously have been labelled as having undifferentiated symptoms. Uncontrolled disease activity leads to irreversible end-organ damage, which in turn increases the risk of premature death; early and sustained control of disease activity can usually be achieved by conventional immunosuppressant therapy...
March 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300033/-current-status-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-in-urinary-lithiasis
#9
Jose Gregorio Pereira-Arias, Mikel Gamarra-Quintanilla, Luis Felipe Urdaneta-Salegui, Jorge Alberto Mora-Christian, Andrea Sánchez-Vazquez, Ander Astobieta-Odriozola, Gaspar Ibarluzea-González
Over the last decade, urinary lithiasis' prevalence has dramatically increased due to diet and lifestyle changes, growing 10.6% and 7.1% in men and women respectively. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy has lost relevance in current practice due to endoscopic device development and unpredictability of results. Instrument miniaturization is leading to an increase of the percutaneous approach of increasingly smaller stones, while most flexible ureteroscopes durability and digitalization has allowed urologists to address larger stones...
March 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295484/who-2016-classification-changes-and-advancements-in-the-diagnosis-of-miscellaneous-primary-cns-tumours
#10
Felix Sahm, David E Reuss, Caterina Giannini
This short review highlights significant changes and recent findings incorporated to varying extent in the WHO 2016 definition of a variety of tumours, including peripheral nerve sheath tumours, meningiomas, mesenchymal non-meningothelial tumours, melanocytic tumours, lymphomas and histiocytic tumours, germ cell tumours and non-neuroendocrine pituitary tumours. Most notable classification changes include: adding "hybrid nerve sheath tumours" to the spectrum of benign nerve sheath tumours; an updated definition of atypical meningioma (WHO grade II), including cases with brain invasion; recognizing dural solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) and haemangiopericytoma (HPC) as a single tumour entity characterized by NAB2 and STAT6 gene fusions for which the term solitary SFT/HPC was chosen; recognizing that pituitary granular cell tumour, spindle cell oncocytoma, and pituicytoma all share nuclear expression of TTF-1, possibly representing a spectrum of a single nosological entity derived from posterior pituitary glial cells...
March 12, 2017: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278413/creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-surveillance-in-australia-update-to-december-2015
#11
Genevieve M Klug, Alison Boyd, Shannon Sarros, Christiane Stehmann, Marion Simpson, Catriona A McLean, Colin L Masters, Steven J Collins
Nation-wide surveillance of human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (also known as prion diseases), the most common being Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, is performed by the Australian National Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Registry, based at the University of Melbourne. Prospective surveillance has been undertaken since 1993 and over this dynamic period in transmissible spongiform encephalopathy research and understanding, the unit has evolved and adapted to changes in surveillance practices and requirements concomitant with the delineation of new disease subtypes, improvements in diagnostic capabilities and the overall heightened awareness of prion diseases in the health care setting...
September 30, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277380/update-on-developmental-anesthesia-neurotoxicity
#12
Laszlo Vutskits, Andrew Davidson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adverse long-term impact of general anesthesia on the developing brain is a widely discussed and controversial issue with potential public health relevance. The goal of this article is to give insights into the most recent experimental and clinical observations aimed to advance our understanding in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent investigations demonstrate long-term behavioral consequences of early-life anesthesia exposure in nonhuman primates under experimental conditions that are translationally relevant to human clinical practice...
March 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276062/ilae-classification-of-the-epilepsies-position-paper-of-the-ilae-commission-for-classification-and-terminology
#13
Ingrid E Scheffer, Samuel Berkovic, Giuseppe Capovilla, Mary B Connolly, Jacqueline French, Laura Guilhoto, Edouard Hirsch, Satish Jain, Gary W Mathern, Solomon L Moshé, Douglas R Nordli, Emilio Perucca, Torbjörn Tomson, Samuel Wiebe, Yue-Hua Zhang, Sameer M Zuberi
The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Classification of the Epilepsies has been updated to reflect our gain in understanding of the epilepsies and their underlying mechanisms following the major scientific advances that have taken place since the last ratified classification in 1989. As a critical tool for the practicing clinician, epilepsy classification must be relevant and dynamic to changes in thinking, yet robust and translatable to all areas of the globe. Its primary purpose is for diagnosis of patients, but it is also critical for epilepsy research, development of antiepileptic therapies, and communication around the world...
March 8, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273037/status-report-identifying-equity-focussed-interventions-to-promote-healthy-weights
#14
C James Frankish, Brenda Kwan, Diane E Gray, Andrea Simpson, Nina Jetha
INTRODUCTION: We developed screening criteria to identify population health interventions with an equity focus for inclusion on the Public Health Agency of Canada's Canadian Best Practices Portal. We applied them to the area of "healthy weights," specifically, obesity prevention. METHODS: We conducted a review of the literature and obtained input from expert external reviewers on changes to midstream environments. Interventions had to identify outcomes for groups with an underlying social disadvantage...
March 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271765/how-to-promote-patients-sleep-in-hospital
#15
Irene Gilsenan
Rationale and key points Disturbed or disrupted sleep is associated with adverse effects on physical and psychological health. This article explores the importance of promoting patients' sleep in hospital, although some of the principles can be applied to other healthcare settings. Sleep is essential to recovery and well-being, and nurses are well placed to support patients to achieve and sustain sleep. » Sleep has a restorative function and is particularly important in maintaining patients' health and well-being...
March 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266730/echocardiographic-assessment-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-current-update
#16
REVIEW
Samir Sulemane, Vasileios F Panoulas, Petros Nihoyannopoulos
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) carry a high cardiovascular risk. An abundance of evidence has emerged in recent years establishing minor reductions in estimated glomerular filtration rate as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. Additionally, cardiac changes, such as left ventricular hypertrophy and impaired left ventricular systolic function, have been associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Despite the significant prevalence of underlying cardiac abnormalities, symptoms may not manifest in many patients with CKD...
March 7, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265967/acc-aats-aha-ase-asnc-scai-scct-sts-2016-appropriate-use-criteria-for-coronary-revascularization-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-appropriate-use-criteria-task-force-american-association-for-thoracic-surgery
#17
Manesh R Patel, John H Calhoon, Gregory J Dehmer, James Aaron Grantham, Thomas M Maddox, David J Maron, Peter K Smith
The American College of Cardiology, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and American Association for Thoracic Surgery, along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, have completed a 2-part revision of the appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization. In prior coronary revascularization AUC documents, indications for revascularization in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and stable ischemic heart disease were combined into 1 document. To address the expanding clinical indications for coronary revascularization, and in an effort to align the subject matter with the most current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines, the new AUC for coronary artery revascularization were separated into 2 documents addressing ACS and stable ischemic heart disease individually...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261371/vitamin-d-and-cardiovascular-disease-can-novel-measures-of-vitamin-d-status-improve-risk-prediction-and-address-the-vitamin-d-racial-paradox
#18
Samuel M Kim, Pamela L Lutsey, Erin D Michos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a state-of-the-art update on some emerging measures of vitamin D status and discuss how assessment of these key vitamin D metabolites might improve prognostication of risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Vitamin D deficiency is a highly prevalent condition and relatively easy to treat with supplementation and/or modest sunlight exposure. A substantial body of experimental and epidemiological evidence suggest that vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for CVD...
January 2017: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257134/microperimetry-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#19
REVIEW
E Midena, E Pilotto
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the major causes of visual loss and legal blindness in people over 55. Visual function tests are the cornerstone of visual function investigation and any therapeutic approach to AMD implies, as primary endpoint, the maintenance or improvement of visual function. The progression of visual impairment and the quantification of final residual visual function are currently determined by means of visual acuity quantification. The quantification of high-contrast visual acuity though has many drawbacks and cannot be considered a complete functional examination...
March 3, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248609/clinical-practice-guideline-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-update
#20
Neil Bhattacharyya, Samuel P Gubbels, Seth R Schwartz, Jonathan A Edlow, Hussam El-Kashlan, Terry Fife, Janene M Holmberg, Kathryn Mahoney, Deena B Hollingsworth, Richard Roberts, Michael D Seidman, Robert W Prasaad Steiner, Betty Tsai Do, Courtney C J Voelker, Richard W Waguespack, Maureen D Corrigan
Objective This update of a 2008 guideline from the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation provides evidence-based recommendations to benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), defined as a disorder of the inner ear characterized by repeated episodes of positional vertigo. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer advocate added to the update group; new evidence from 2 clinical practice guidelines, 20 systematic reviews, and 27 randomized controlled trials; enhanced emphasis on patient education and shared decision making; a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships; and new and expanded recommendations for the diagnosis and management of BPPV...
March 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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