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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228144/incorporating-one-health-into-medical-education
#1
EDITORIAL
Peter M Rabinowitz, Barbara J Natterson-Horowitz, Laura H Kahn, Richard Kock, Marguerite Pappaioanou
One Health is an emerging concept that stresses the linkages between human, animal, and environmental health, as well as the need for interdisciplinary communication and collaboration to address health issues including emerging zoonotic diseases, climate change impacts, and the human-animal bond. It promotes complex problem solving using a systems framework that considers interactions between humans, animals, and their shared environment. While many medical educators may not yet be familiar with the concept, the One Health approach has been endorsed by a number of major medical and public health organizations and is beginning to be implemented in a number of medical schools...
February 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226336/educational-outreach-to-opioid-prescribers-the-case-for-academic-detailing
#2
Margot Trotter Davis, Brian Bateman, Jerry Avorn
Nonmedical use of opioid medications constitutes a serious health threat as the rates of addiction, overdoses, and deaths have risen in recent years. Increasingly, inappropriate and excessively liberal prescribing of opioids by physicians is understood to be a central part of the crisis. Public health officials, hospital systems, and legislators are developing programs and regulations to address the problem in sustained and systematic ways that both insures effective treatment of pain and appropriate limits on the availability of opioids...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208171/update-on-didactic-and-clinical-education-in-fluency-disorders-2013-2014
#3
J Scott Yaruss, Jieun Lee, Kaya B Kikani, Paula Leslie, Caryn Herring, Sujini Ramachandar, Seth Tichenor, Robert W Quesal, Malcolm R McNeil
Purpose: This study surveyed didactic and clinical education in fluency disorders at undergraduate and graduate institutions in the United States that provide education in speech-language pathology to determine whether a previously observed reduction in requirements has continued since prior surveys (Yaruss, 1999; Yaruss & Quesal, 2002). Method: The study involved a detailed questionnaire that was sent to 282 communication science and disorders departments. Questions examined didactic and clinical education, as well as faculty knowledge about fluency disorders...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203293/european-society-for-medical-oncology-copenhagen-update-potential-practice-changing-findings
#4
EDITORIAL
Gordon Mallarkey, Axel Grothey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198308/how-to-carry-out-growth-assessment-in-infants-and-children-under-two-years-old
#5
David Hopkins, Alison Kyle, Siba Prosad Paul
Rationale and key points Measuring and monitoring growth in infants and young children under two years old is an important part of their clinical assessment in hospital and the community. This article outlines the procedure for measuring growth in infants and children under two years old, and discusses the main factors to consider when undertaking this assessment. » The procedures and some of the data used to monitor the growth of infants and children under two years old differs from those used in older children...
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184017/an-update-of-the-hong-kong-epilepsy-guideline-consensus-statement-on-the-use-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-hong-kong
#6
J Ky Fong, E Ly Chan, H Leung, I Chan, R Sk Chang, G Cy Fong, E Lw Fung, C Ht Lui, B Bh Fung, T L Poon, D Siu, H T Wong, E Yeung, A Wy Yung, C Xl Zhu
OBJECTIVE: New information about antiepileptic drugs has arisen since the publication of the Hong Kong Epilepsy Guideline in 2009. This article set out to fill the knowledge gap between 2007 and 2016 on the use of antiepileptic drugs in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Between May 2014 and April 2016, four consensus meetings were held in Hong Kong, where a group comprising 15 professionals (neurologists, paediatricians, neurosurgeons, radiologists, and clinical psychologists) from both public and private sectors aimed to review the best available evidence and update all practising physicians on a range of clinical issues including drug-related matters...
February 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182607/advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-recommended-immunization-schedule-for-children-and-adolescents-aged-18-years-or-younger-united-states-2017
#7
Candice L Robinson, José R Romero, Allison Kempe, Cynthia Pellegrini
In October 2016, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) approved the Recommended Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Aged 18 Years or Younger-United States, 2017. The 2017 child and adolescent immunization schedule summarizes ACIP recommendations, including several changes from the 2016 immunization schedules, in three figures, and footnotes for the figures. These documents can be found on the CDC immunization schedule website (https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html)...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178770/interventions-to-improve-antibiotic-prescribing-practices-for-hospital-inpatients
#8
REVIEW
Peter Davey, Charis A Marwick, Claire L Scott, Esmita Charani, Kirsty McNeil, Erwin Brown, Ian M Gould, Craig R Ramsay, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a major public health problem. Infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria are associated with prolonged hospital stay and death compared with infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Appropriate antibiotic use in hospitals should ensure effective treatment of patients with infection and reduce unnecessary prescriptions. We updated this systematic review to evaluate the impact of interventions to improve antibiotic prescribing to hospital inpatients...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177964/contemporary-gleason-grading-of-prostatic-carcinoma-an-update-with-discussion-on-practical-issues-to-implement-the-2014-international-society-of-urological-pathology-isup-consensus-conference-on-gleason-grading-of-prostatic-carcinoma
#9
Jonathan I Epstein, Mahul B Amin, Victor E Reuter, Peter A Humphrey
The primary proceedings of the 2014 International Society of Urological Pathology Grading Conference were published promptly in 2015 and dealt with: (1) definition of various grading patterns of usual acinar carcinoma, (2) grading of intraductal carcinoma; and (3) support for the previously proposed new Grade Groups. The current manuscript in addition to highlighting practical issues to implement the 2014 recommendations, provides an updated perspective based on numerous studies published after the 2014 meeting...
February 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167141/2016-updates-to-us-medical-eligibility-criteria-for-contraceptive-use-and-selected-practice-recommendations-for-contraceptive-use-highlights-for-adolescent-patients
#10
REVIEW
Andrea J Hoopes, Katharine B Simmons, Emily M Godfrey, Gina Sucato
The US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (US MEC) and US Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use (US SPR) provide evidence-based guidance to safely provide contraception counseling and services. Both documents were updated in 2016 and are endorsed by the North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. The purpose of this mini-review is to highlight updates to the US MEC and US SPR that are most relevant to health care providers of adolescents in order to support dissemination and implementation of these evidence-based best practices...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157755/coding-in-stroke-and-other-cerebrovascular-diseases
#11
Pearce J Korb, William Jones
Accurate coding is critical for clinical practice and research. Ongoing changes to diagnostic and billing codes require the clinician to stay abreast of coding updates. Payment for health care services, data sets for health services research, and reporting for medical quality improvement all require accurate administrative coding. This article provides an overview of coding principles for patients with strokes and other cerebrovascular diseases and includes an illustrative case as a review of coding principles in a patient with acute stroke...
February 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157275/continuous-cardiotocography-ctg-as-a-form-of-electronic-fetal-monitoring-efm-for-fetal-assessment-during-labour
#12
REVIEW
Zarko Alfirevic, Declan Devane, Gillian Ml Gyte, Anna Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Cardiotocography (CTG) records changes in the fetal heart rate and their temporal relationship to uterine contractions. The aim is to identify babies who may be short of oxygen (hypoxic) to guide additional assessments of fetal wellbeing, or determine if the baby needs to be delivered by caesarean section or instrumental vaginal birth. This is an update of a review previously published in 2013, 2006 and 2001. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of continuous cardiotocography when used as a method to monitor fetal wellbeing during labour...
February 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153198/encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis
#13
REVIEW
Helen Alston, Stanley Fan, Masaaki Nakayama
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare but serious complication of peritoneal dialysis. In this review, we describe the clinical picture and histologic changes to the peritoneal membrane that are associated with EPS and provide an update on current diagnosis and management. We also discuss the recent studies that have suggested that the use of more biocompatible solutions containing lower concentrations of glucose degradation product that often are pH neutral in combination with a change in clinical practice (reducing glucose exposure and monitoring peritoneal membrane function) might ameliorate peritoneal degeneration, reduce the incidence of EPS, and minimize the severity of the disease...
January 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152763/multidisciplinary-optimization-of-oral-chemotherapy-delivery-at-the-uw-carbone-cancer-center
#14
Mary Mably, Jason Bergsbaken, Kari Schuhmacher, Chris Nemergut, Aaron Bohler, Jessica Fischer
: 58 Background: Use of oral chemotherapy is expanding and offers advantages but introduces unique safety challenges. ASCO and ONS addressed these issues with inclusion of oral chemotherapy in published chemotherapy administration safety standards. METHODS: The updated ASCO/ONS standards offered a framework for the University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center to evaluate and improve our practice with the goal of full compliance with these standards. Gap analysis revealed noncompliance with five and partial compliance with eleven standards...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152708/influencing-antiemetic-prescribing-practices-and-funding-changes-through-evidence-based-guidelines
#15
Michael Wan, Aliya Pardhan, Erin Redwood, Andrea Crespo, Nita Lakhani, Leonard Kaizer
: 31 Background: In 2013 Cancer Care Ontario released updated antiemetic recommendations supporting the use of aprepitant-based combinations as 1(st) line therapy for highly emetogenic and 2(nd) line therapy for moderately emetogenic chemotherapy and discouraging the prolonged use of 5-HT3 antagonists. In 2014 changes were made in the Ontario drug formulary to align public funding to those recommendations. The impact of the changes in guidance and public funding on prescribing practices are now being analyzed...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148973/detection-of-changes-in-semi-natural-grasslands-by-cross-correlation-analysis-with-worldview-2-images-and-new-landsat-8-data
#16
Cristina Tarantino, Maria Adamo, Richard Lucas, Palma Blonda
Focusing on a Mediterranean Natura 2000 site in Italy, the effectiveness of the cross correlation analysis (CCA) technique for quantifying change in the area of semi-natural grasslands at different spatial resolutions (grain) was evaluated. In a fine scale analysis (2 m), inputs to the CCA were a) a semi-natural grasslands layer extracted from an existing validated land cover/land use (LC/LU) map (1:5000, time T1) and b) a more recent single date very high resolution (VHR) WorldView-2 image (time T2), with T2 > T1...
March 15, 2016: Remote Sensing of Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142288/update-on-clinical-trials-in-colorectal-cancer-peritoneal-metastasis
#17
Amandine Pinto, Clarisse Eveno, Marc Pocard
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Peritoneal metastases (PM) arising from colorectal cancer (CRC) can be treated using cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) in select patients. OBJECTIVE: To review clinical trials that were reported during the 10(th) International Congress on Peritoneal Surface Malignancies and dedicated to the treatment of CRC-PM. METHODS: Ten clinical trials were presented at the 10(th) PSOGI meeting in November 2016 in Washington DC...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138297/hydroides-gunnerus-1768-annelida-serpulidae-is-feminine-a-nomenclatural-checklist-of-updated-names
#18
Geoffrey B Read, Harry A Ten Hove, Yanan Sun, Elena K Kupriyanova
As a service to taxonomists and ecologists using names in the well-known and species-rich ship-fouling serpulid genus Hydroides we present an update of all 107 non-synonymised scientific names, with additional information on Hydroides nomenclature, original names, etymologies, and type localities derived from original literature, and in accord with the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) database. An update is needed because the gender of genus Hydroides has from 1 January 2000 reverted to the original feminine, due to a change in the wording of International Code of Zoological Nomenclature which was overlooked at that time, and is contrary to the usage in practice of Hydroides as masculine which had started about 1992, although Code-required from the 1960s...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135807/special-population-child-and-adolescent-psychotherapy
#19
George Halasz
OBJECTIVES: First, to outline the paradigm change of the past 20 years that has transformed the theory and practice of child and adolescent psychodynamic psychotherapy; second, to update aspects of the current Practice Parameters for Psychodynamic Psychotherapy with Children to align with the paradigm change driven by the principles of regulation theory, relational trauma and repair, and the critical need for clinicians' self-care in trauma informed psychotherapy. CONCLUSION: The emerging neuroscience-driven paradigm of psychotherapy poses challenges for the child and adolescent psychotherapist: to embrace the new conceptual reference points as organising principles leads to an urgent need to rethink traditional diagnostic formulations and time-honoured techniques for intervention...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135789/-second-korean-guideline-for-the-management-of-ulcerative-colitis
#20
REVIEW
Chang Hwan Choi, Won Moon, You Sun Kim, Eun Soo Kim, Bo In Lee, Yunho Jung, Yong Sik Yoon, Heeyoung Lee, Dong Il Park, Dong Soo Han
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disorder characterized by a relapsing and remitting course. The direct and indirect costs of the treatment of UC are high, and the quality of life of patients is reduced, especially during exacerbation of the disease. The incidence and prevalence of UC in Korea are still lower than those of Western countries, but have been rapidly increasing during the past decades. Various medical and surgical therapies, including biologics, are currently used for the management of UC...
January 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
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