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Attending rounds

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444184/can-school-based-distribution-be-used-to-maintain-coverage-of-long-lasting-insecticide-treated-bed-nets-evidence-from-a-large-scale-programme-in-southern-tanzania
#1
Logan Stuck, Angelina Lutambi, Frank Chacky, Paul Schaettle, Karen Kramer, Renata Mandike, Rose Nathan, Joshua Yukich
Many sub-Saharan African countries have achieved substantial gains in insecticide treated bednet coverage since 2005. The Tanzania National Malaria Control Programme identified school-based net distribution as one potential 'keep-up' strategy for the purpose of maintaining long-lasting insecticidal net (LLIN) coverage after a nationwide mass campaign in 2011. The School Net Programme (SNP) was implemented in three regions of southern Tanzania and distributed one LLIN to each enrolled child attending schools in primary grades (standards) 1, 3, 5 and 7, and secondary grades (forms) 2 and 4 in 2013 and again with slightly modified eligibility criteria in 2014 and 2015...
April 22, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416009/use-of-lot-quality-assurance-sampling-surveys-to-evaluate-community-health-worker-performance-in-rural-zambia-a-case-of-luangwa-district
#2
Moses Mwanza, Japhet Zulu, Stephanie M Topp, Patrick Musonda, Wilbroad Mutale, Roma Chilengi
BACKGROUND: The Better Health Outcomes through Mentoring and Assessment (BHOMA) project is a cluster randomized controlled trial aimed at reducing age-standardized mortality rates in three rural districts through involvement of Community Health Workers (CHWs), Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs), and Neighborhood Health Committees (NHCs). CHWs conduct quarterly surveys on all households using a questionnaire that captures key health events occurring within their catchment population. In order to validate contact with households, we utilize the Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) methodology...
April 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407995/impact-of-a-university-based-outpatient-telemedicine-program-on-time-savings-travel-costs-and-environmental-pollutants
#3
Navjit W Dullet, Estella M Geraghty, Taylor Kaufman, Jamie L Kissee, Jesse King, Madan Dharmar, Anthony C Smith, James P Marcin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate travel-related and environmental savings resulting from the use of telemedicine for outpatient specialty consultations with a university telemedicine program. METHODS: The study was designed to retrospectively analyze the telemedicine consultation database at the University of California Davis Health System (UCDHS) between July 1996 and December 2013. Travel distances and travel times were calculated between the patient home, the telemedicine clinic, and the UCDHS in-person clinic...
April 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406339/a-case-study-of-healthcare-providers-goals-during-interprofessional-rounds
#4
Michael Prystajecky, Tiffany Lee, Sylvia Abonyi, Robert Perry, Heather Ward
Daily interprofessional rounds enhance collaboration among healthcare providers and improve hospital performance measures. However, it is unclear how healthcare providers' goals influence the processes and outcomes of interprofessional rounds. The purpose of this case study was to explore the goals of healthcare providers attending interprofessional rounds in an internal medicine ward. The second purpose was to explore the challenges encountered by healthcare providers while pursuing these goals. Three focus groups were held with healthcare providers of diverse professional backgrounds...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397007/preparing-medical-students-for-clinical-practice-easing-the-transition
#5
Alexandra R Teagle, Maria George, Nicola Gainsborough, Inam Haq, Michael Okorie
The transition from medical student to junior doctor is a challenge; the UK General Medical Council has issued guidance emphasizing the importance of adequate preparation of medical students for clinical practice. This study aimed to determine whether a junior doctor-led simulation-based course is an effective way of preparing final year medical students for practice as a junior doctor.We piloted a new 'preparation for practice' course for final year medical students prior to beginning as Foundation Year 1 (first year of practice) doctors...
April 10, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396826/the-association-between-continual-year-round-hunting-and-bellowing-rate-of-bison-bulls-during-the-rut
#6
Ronald J Sarno, Melissa M Grigione, Alessandra Higa, Eddie Childers, Trudy Ecoffey
The impact of hunting (selective harvest, trophy hunting) on the demography of mammals is well documented. However, despite continual year-round hunting of bison in some populations, little is known about how the behavior of survivors may be altered. Therefore, in this initial study, we used focal-animal observations in adjacent populations of continually hunted and protected Plains bison (Bison bison bison) in western South Dakota, to examine the potential impact of hunting on bellowing rate-an important behavior that serves to intimidate rival bulls and potentially influences mate choice by females...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379901/the-utility-of-teleultrasound-to-guide-acute-patient-management
#7
Christian Becker, Mario Fusaro, Dhruv Patel, Isaac Shalom, William H Frishman, Corey Scurlock
Ultrasound has evolved into a core bedside tool for diagnostic and management purposes for all subsets of adult and pediatric critically-ill patients. Teleintensive care unit coverage has undergone a similar rapid expansion period throughout the United States. Round-the-clock access to ultrasound equipment is very common in today's intensive care unit, but 24/7 coverage with staff trained to acquire and interpret point-of-care ultrasound in real time is lagging behind equipment availability. Medical trainees and physician extenders require attending level supervision to ensure consistent image acquisition and accurate interpretation...
May 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372514/embedded-survey-study-harms-colorectal-cancer-screening-attendance-experiences-from-finland-2010-to-2015
#8
Sanni Helander, Tytti Sarkeala, Nea Malila
Objective We previously found that administering a pre-screening lifestyle questionnaire lowered the subsequent attendance proportion in the first-ever colorectal cancer screening. We sought to determine whether the effect continued in subsequent screening rounds. Methods The eligible survey cohort ( n = 10,375) received a follow-up questionnaire in 2012, and in 2013, they were invited for colorectal cancer screening for the second time. For the third screening round, in 2015, no questionnaires were sent in the previous year...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369136/water-matters-an-assessment-of-opinion-on-water-management-and-community-engagement-in-the-republic-of-ireland-and-the-united-kingdom
#9
Alec Rolston, Eleanor Jennings, Suzanne Linnane
Internationally, water management is moving from the traditional top-down approach to more integrated initiatives focussing on community-led action. With inadequacies in previous engagement initiatives undertaken through the first cycle of River Basin Management Planning for the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD), the Republic of Ireland has only recently embraced this bottom-up approach. The attempted introduction of national charging for domestic water use in 2015 has resulted in significant public disquiet and protest movements against the national government...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363361/parent-participation-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-rounds-via-telemedicine-feasibility-and-impact
#10
Phoebe H Yager, Maureen Clark, Brian M Cummings, Natan Noviski
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate feasibility and impact of telemedicine for remote parent participation in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) rounds when parents are unable to be present at their child's bedside. STUDY DESIGN: Parents of patients admitted to a 14-bed PICU were approached, and those unable to attend rounds were eligible subjects. Nurse and physician caregivers were also surveyed. Parents received an iPad (Apple Inc, Cupertino, California) with an application enabling audio-video connectivity with the care team...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349978/patient-selection-for-prostate-focal-therapy-in-the-era-of-active-surveillance-an-international-delphi-consensus-project
#11
K J Tay, M J Scheltema, H U Ahmed, E Barret, J A Coleman, J Dominguez-Escrig, S Ghai, J Huang, J S Jones, L H Klotz, C N Robertson, R Sanchez-Salas, S Scionti, A Sivaraman, J de la Rosette, T J Polascik
BACKGROUND: Whole-gland extirpation or irradiation is considered the gold standard for curative oncological treatment for localized prostate cancer, but is often associated with sexual and urinary impairment that adversely affects quality of life. This has led to increased interest in developing therapies with effective cancer control but less morbidity. We aimed to provide details of physician consensus on patient selection for prostate focal therapy (FT) in the era of contemporary prostate cancer management...
March 28, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306682/training-future-anesthesiologists-in-obstetric-care
#12
Mauricio Vasco Ramírez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In order for the obstetric anesthesiologist to become a true perioperative / peripartum physician, a change in formative programs and certification process in anesthesia are needed. RECENT FINDINGS: Anesthesia training programs are migrating to competency based medical education (CBME) worldwide. The traditional model of attending lectures, grand rounds, reading textbooks and journal papers should be complemented by virtual modalities such as massive open online courses or online teaching tools...
April 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299288/food-safety-and-sustainable-nutrition-workshops-educational-experiences-for-primary-school-children-in-turin-italy
#13
Amaranta Traversa, Daniela Adriano, Alberto Bellio, Daniela Manila Bianchi, Silvia Gallina, Clara Ippolito, Angelo Romano, Paola Durelli, Andrea Pezzana, Lucia Decastelli
European control and prevention policies are focused to guarantee a high level of protection of consumers' health. Food-borne diseases as obesity, diabetes, food allergy, and food-borne outbreaks are increasing. To prevent food-borne diseases, it is fundamental to involve consumers, in particular children, in educational experiences aimed to learn the proper behaviours to be applied. In this context, we designed and performed 5 educational workshops about food safety, hidden allergens in food and nutrition aimed to involve children attending primary and summer school...
January 24, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296805/does-nonlocal-women-s-attendance-at-antenatal-clinics-distort-hiv-prevalence-surveillance-estimates-in-pregnant-women-in-zimbabwe
#14
Katherine C Wilson, Mutsa Mhangara, Janet Dzangare, Jeffrey W Eaton, Timothy B Hallett, Owen Mugurungi, Simon Gregson
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess whether HIV prevalence measured among women attending antenatal clinics (ANCs) are representative of prevalence in the local area, or whether estimates may be biased by some women's choice to attend ANCs away from their residential location. We tested the hypothesis that HIV prevalence in towns and periurban areas is underestimated in ANC sentinel surveillance data in Zimbabwe. METHODS: National unlinked anonymous HIV surveillance was conducted at 19 ANCs in Zimbabwe in 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2009, and 2012...
April 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288647/providers-of-antenatal-care-services-in-ghana-evidence-from-ghana-demographic-and-health-surveys-1988-2014
#15
Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Eugene Kofuor Maafo Darteh, Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care is one of the three most essential care - antenatal, delivery and post-natal, given to women during pregnancy and has the potential to contribute towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 3.1- reducing the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 and target 3.8 - achieve universal health coverage. The main objective is to examine the contribution of the various providers of antenatal care services in Ghana from 1988 to 2014...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287827/intensive-care-unit-educators-a-multicenter-evaluation-of-behaviors-residents-value-in-attending-physicians
#16
Lekshmi Santhosh, Snigdha Jain, Anna Brady, Michelle Sharp, W Graham Carlos
RATIONALE: It is important for attending physicians to know which behaviors influence learner perceptions. To date, two studies focusing on general medicine attending physicians have been published addressing internal medicine residents' perceptions of attending physicians; there are no data on intensive care unit (ICU) attending physicians. OBJECTIVES: We sought to expand the evidence regarding this topic through a multicenter study at four geographically diverse academic medical centers...
April 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282227/an-integrated-framework-for-effective-and-efficient-communication-with-families-in-the-adult-intensive-care-unit
#17
Jennifer B Seaman, Robert M Arnold, Leslie P Scheunemann, Douglas B White
The increased focus on patient and family-centered care in adult intensive care units (ICUs) has generated multiple platforms for clinician-family communication beyond traditional interdisciplinary family meetings (family meetings)-including family-centered rounds, bedside or telephone updates, and electronic family portals. Some clinicians and administrators are now using these platforms instead of conducting family meetings. For example, some institutions are moving toward using family-centered rounds as the main platform for clinician-family communication, and some physicians rely on brief daily updates to the family at the bedside or by phone, in lieu of family meetings...
March 10, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281375/undergraduate-medical-students-perceptions-of-their-learning-experience-in-pediatric-rotation-at-king-abdulaziz-university-medical-college-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#18
Nadia M Fida, Mohammed Farouq, Dhuha Alamawi, Hayat Kamfar
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate fifth-year medical students' perception of their learning experience during pediatric rotation at the medical college of King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted by distributing a questionnaire to fifth-year students who attended the pediatric rotation at KAU, during 2013-2014. RESULTS: Three hundred fifty-six out of 360 students agreed to participate, representing a response rate of 99%...
March 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279457/measuring-and-modelling-the-effects-of-systematic-non-adherence-to-mass-drug-administration
#19
Louise Dyson, Wilma A Stolk, Sam H Farrell, T Déirdre Hollingsworth
It is well understood that the success or failure of a mass drug administration campaign critically depends on the level of coverage achieved. To that end coverage levels are often closely scrutinised during campaigns and the response to underperforming campaigns is to attempt to improve coverage. Modelling work has indicated, however, that the quality of the coverage achieved may also have a significant impact on the outcome. If the coverage achieved is likely to miss similar people every round then this can have a serious detrimental effect on the campaign outcome...
March 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277232/impact-of-near-peer-teaching-rounds-on-student-satisfaction-in-the-basic-surgical-clerkship
#20
Joseph A Lin, Norma Farrow, Brenessa M Lindeman, Anne O Lidor
BACKGROUND: Teaching rounds are rarely featured in the surgery clerkship. Senior students interested in surgery are suited to precept teaching rounds. Near-peer teaching can provide benefits to both learners and preceptors. METHODS: Near-peer teaching rounds consisted of senior student-precetors leading groups of 3 clerkship students on teaching rounds once during the clerkship. We prospectively surveyed student satisfaction before and after instituting near-peer teaching rounds...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
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