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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225194/observing-bedside-rounds-for-faculty-development
#1
Somnath Mookherjee, Daniel Cabrera, Christy M McKinney, Elizabeth Kaplan, Lynne Robins
BACKGROUND: Bedside rounds are an ideal opportunity for clinical teaching. We previously offered faculty development on balancing learner autonomy, patient care and teaching. We noticed that participants often asked whether attending physicians and learners shared the same perceptions of the key elements (patient-centredness, efficiency and educational value) of bedside rounds. Understanding these perceptions and identifying areas of discordance would inform faculty development for optimal bedside rounds...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223867/pharmacy-education-in-saudi-arabia-a-vision-of-the-future
#2
Hisham Aljadhey, Yousef Asiri, Yaser Albogami, George Spratto, Mohammed Alshehri
Background: Pharmacy education in developing countries faces many challenges. An assessment of the challenges and opportunities for the future of pharmacy education in Saudi Arabia has not been conducted. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to ascertain the views and opinions of pharmacy education stakeholders regarding the current issues challenging pharmacy education, and to discuss the future of pharmacy education in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A total of 48 participants attended a one-day meeting in October 2011, designed especially for the purpose of this study...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214665/when-are-night-shifts-effective-for-nursing-student-clinical-learning-findings-from-a-mixed-method-study-design
#3
Alvisa Palese, Felix Basso, Elena Del Negro, Illarj Achil, Annamaria Ferraresi, Marzia Morandini, Renzo Moreale, Irene Mansutti
BACKGROUND: Some nursing programmes offer night shifts for students while others do not, mainly due to the lack of evidence regarding their effectiveness on clinical learning. OBJECTIVES: The principal aims of the study were to describe nursing students' perceptions and to explore conditions influencing effectiveness on learning processes during night shifts. DESIGN: An explanatory mixed-method study design composed of a cross-sectional study (primary method, first phase) followed by a descriptive phenomenological study design (secondary method, second phase) in 2015...
February 11, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164385/learning-to-prescribe-through-co-working-junior-doctors-pharmacists-and-consultants
#4
Christy Noble, Stephen Billett
CONTEXT: Learning to prescribe is challenging for junior doctors. Significant efforts have been made to improve prescribing education, especially in view of the high rates of prescribing errors made by junior doctors. However, considerations of educational options often overlook the fact that learning to prescribe and prescribing practices rely on practice-based interactions with informed practitioners, such as pharmacists and consultants. Pharmacists have long made important contributions to developing prescribing capacities...
February 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156576/embedded-palliative-medicine-model-for-inpatient-solid-tumor-oncology-patients-utilizing-corounding-and-consultation-criteria-a-quality-improvement-pilot
#5
Bassam N Estfan, Alberto J Montero
: 148 Background: Hospitalized patients (pts) on solid tumor oncology (STO) services have palliative needs including pain management. This quality improvement project sought to establish a new STO-specific co-rounding PM consult service, evaluate the use of consult criteria for STO inpatients, assess the impact/interest in an embedded service, improve access to PM for STO pts and improve palliative education to STO teams. METHODS: During October 2015 to January 2016, a new PM consult service was established for the 2 STO inpatient services at Cleveland Clinic...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149241/compte-rendu-de-la-table-ronde-du-35%C3%A3-me-congr%C3%A3-s-de-la-sfetb-%C3%A3-metz-10-12-juin-2015-concernant-les-br%C3%A3-lures-p%C3%A3-ribuccales
#6
P Perrot
The round table on perioral burns was divided into two sessions: "Acute care" and "Sequelae", the latter with open-exchange case reports. Here is the review, written after viewing the video of the meeting, which the author attended.
June 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148543/ordering-interruptions-in-a-tertiary-care-center-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Nina M Dadlez, Gabriella Azzarone, Mark J Sinnett, Micah Resnick, H Michael Ushay, Jason S Adelman, Molly Broder, Carol Duh-Leong, Joyce Huang, Victoria Kiely, Ariella Nadler, Vayola Nelson, Jared Simcik, Michael L Rinke
OBJECTIVES: By self-report, interruptions may contribute to up to 80% of ordering errors. A greater understanding of the frequency and context of interruptions during ordering is needed to identify targets for intervention. We sought to characterize the epidemiology of interruptions during order placement in the pediatric inpatient setting. METHODS: This prospective observational study conducted 1-hour-long structured observations on morning rounds and afternoons and evenings in the resident workroom...
February 1, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146647/chaplains-working-in-palliative-care-who-they-are-and-what-they-do
#8
Jane Jeuland, George Fitchett, Dena Schulman-Green, Jennifer Kapo
BACKGROUND: Palliative care (PC) programs utilize chaplains to address patients' spiritual care needs; however, there is no comprehensive description of chaplaincy in PC programs nationally. OBJECTIVE: To describe chaplains working in PC across the United States, including their integration on the PC team and visit content. DESIGN: National online survey conducted February-April 2015. SUBJECTS: We invited participation from hospital-based chaplains belonging to four national professional chaplain associations who spent 15% or more of their working hours with PC teams...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120382/a-3-year-interval-is-too-short-for-re-screening-hpv-negative-women-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Manuel Zorzi, Helena Frayle, Martina Rizzi, Chiara Fedato, Massimo Rugge, Maria Gabriella Penon, Alessandra Bertazzo, Susanna Callegaro, Marisa Campagnolo, Fausta Ortu, Annarosa Del Mistro
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of the first round and of re-screening 3 years after a negative human papillomavirus (HPV) test in women attending two HPV-based screening programs. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Two cervical service screening programmes in Italy. POPULATION: Women aged 25-64 years invited to screening from April 2009 to October 2015. METHODS: Eligible women were invited to undergo an HPV test...
January 24, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104730/the-effect-of-family-presence-on-rounding-duration-in-the-picu
#10
Priya R Gupta, R Serene Perkins, Rebecca L Hascall, Carolyn F Shelak, Shaban Demirel, Mark T Buchholz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The incorporation of family-centered rounds has become standard in PICUs across the United States. We compared rounding times in our institution, with and without family members present, to determine the effect on total rounding time and work flow. METHODS: This observational study of a convenience sample was conducted over a 17-month period (May 2014-October 2015), accounting for typical seasonal variation in the PICU. The individual patient rounding times for 2657 encounters were recorded...
February 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089972/a-preliminary-core-domain-set-for-clinical-trials-of-shoulder-disorders-a-report-from-the-omeract-2016-shoulder-core-outcome-set-special-interest-group
#11
Rachelle Buchbinder, Matthew J Page, Hsiaomin Huang, Arianne P Verhagen, Dorcas Beaton, Christian Kopkow, Mario Lenza, Nitin B Jain, Bethan Richards, Pamela Richards, Marieke Voshaar, Danielle van der Windt, Joel J Gagnier
OBJECTIVE: The Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Shoulder Core Outcome Set Special Interest Group (SIG) was established to develop a core outcome set (COS) for clinical trials of shoulder disorders. METHODS: In preparation for OMERACT 2016, we systematically examined all outcome domains and measurement instruments reported in 409 randomized trials of interventions for shoulder disorders published between 1954 and 2015. Informed by these data, we conducted an international Delphi consensus study including shoulder trial experts, clinicians, and patients to identify key domains that should be included in a shoulder disorder COS...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076685/diffusion-of-evidence-based-intensive-care-unit-organizational-practices-a-state-wide-analysis
#12
Rachel Kohn, Vanessa Madden, Jeremy M Kahn, David A Asch, Amber E Barnato, Scott D Halpern, Meeta Prasad Kerlin
RATIONALE: Several intensive care unit (ICU) organizational practices have been associated with improved patient outcomes. However, the uptake of these evidence-based practices is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess diffusion of ICU organizational practices across the state of Pennsylvania. METHODS: We conducted two web-based, cross-sectional surveys of ICU organizational practices in Pennsylvania acute care hospitals, in 2005 (chief nursing officer respondents) and 2014 (ICU nurse manager respondents)...
February 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074583/show-code
#13
Daniel Shalev
"Let's get one thing straight: there is no such thing as a show code," my attending asserted, pausing for effect. "You either try to resuscitate, or you don't. None of this halfway junk." He spoke so loudly that the two off-service consultants huddled at computers at the end of the unit looked up… We did four rounds of compressions and pushed epinephrine twice. It was not a long code. We did good, strong compressions and coded this man in earnest until the end. Toward the final round, though, as I stepped up to do compressions, my attending looked at me in a deep way...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062333/electronic-goals-of-care-alerts-an-innovative-strategy-to-promote-primary-palliative-care
#14
Erin M Haley, Deborah Meisel, Yevgeniy Gitelman, Laura Dingfield, David J Casarett, Nina R O'Connor
CONTEXT: Given the shortage of palliative care specialists, strategies are needed to promote primary palliative care by nonpalliative care providers. Electronic reminders are frequently used in medicine to standardize practice, but their effectiveness in encouraging goals of care discussions is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether brief education and electronic alerts increase the frequency of goals of care discussions. METHODS: All general medicine services at a large academic medical center were included...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050259/support-for-compassionate-care-quantitative-and-qualitative-evaluation-of-schwartz-center-rounds-in-an-acute-general-hospital
#15
Raymond J Chadwick, Steven J Muncer, Bronagh C Hannon, Joanna Goodrich, Jocelyn Cornwell
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of Schwartz Center Rounds, a multi-disciplinary forum to reflect on the emotional consequences of working in healthcare, on the staff of a large acute general hospital over a three-year period. DESIGN: Evaluation data following each Round were collected routinely from all staff attending over this period and analysed quantitatively and qualitatively. SETTING: An integrated university teaching trust with both acute hospital and community services in the North East of England...
July 2016: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049475/assessing-the-effect-of-indoor-residual-spraying-irs-on-malaria-morbidity-in-northern-uganda-a-before-and-after-study
#16
Betty Bawuba Tukei, Andy Beke, Héctor Lamadrid-Figueroa
BACKGROUND: Indoor residual spraying (IRS) is known to reduce malaria transmission. In northern Uganda, a high endemic area, IRS has been implemented since 2006. Limited data however, exists on the effect of IRS on the malaria burden. This study sought to assess the effect of IRS on malaria morbidity in the high intensity area of northern Uganda. Retrospective routine data from ten health facilities in three districts which had received at least five rounds of IRS in northern Uganda was analysed...
January 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047477/su-g-tep4-06-an-integrated-application-for-radiation-therapy-treatment-plan-directives-management-and-reporting
#17
M Matuszak, C Anderson, C Lee, K Vineberg, M Green, K Younge, J Moran, C Mayo
PURPOSE: With electronic medical records, patient information for the treatment planning process has become disseminated across multiple applications with limited quality control and many associated failure modes. We present the development of a single application with a centralized database to manage the planning process. METHODS: The system was designed to replace current functionalities of (i) static directives representing the physician intent for the prescription and planning goals, localization information for delivery, and other information, (ii) planning objective reports, (iii) localization and image guidance documents and (iv) the official radiation therapy prescription in the medical record...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032187/using-telemedicine-to-teach-paediatric-surgery-in-resource-limited-countries
#18
REVIEW
Alp Numanoglu
Halstedian method of surgical training has been the mainstay of surgical education for many decades. Onsite knowledge sources in surgery have traditionally been textbooks, which are often a number of years out of date or teaching rounds with a Professor or senior colleague that enables a small number of trainees to benefit from. Congresses have been a good way of learning new developments in the field, but they often require travelling and are very costly. We have identified web-based education as a means of linking experts with trainees, regardless of their geographic location and often without requiring any substantial capital...
December 28, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018539/promoting-resident-autonomy-during-family-centered-rounds-a-qualitative-study-of-resident-hospitalist-and-subspecialty-physicians
#19
Jimmy Beck, Terry Kind, Rebecca Meyer, Priti Bhansali
BACKGROUND : Family-centered rounds (FCR) have become a leading model for pediatric inpatient rounding. Several studies have examined effective teaching strategies during FCR, but none have focused on promoting resident autonomy. OBJECTIVE : The aim of this study was to identify strategies used by attending physicians to promote resident autonomy during FCR. METHODS : We conducted a qualitative study of attending physicians and residents between December 2012 and February 2013 at an academic children's hospital, where FCR is the standard model for inpatient rounds...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004239/impact-of-team-versus-ward-aligned-clinical-pharmacy-on-unintentional-medication-discrepancies-at-admission
#20
Sharon M Byrne, Tamasine C Grimes, Marie-Claire Jago-Byrne, Mairéad Galvin
Background Medication reconciliation at admission to hospital reduces the prevalence of medication errors. Strategies are needed to ensure timely and efficient delivery of this service. Objective To investigate the effect of aligning clinical pharmacy services with consultant teams, by pharmacists attending post-admission ward rounds, in comparison to a ward-based service, on prevalence of unintentional unresolved discrepancies 48 h into admission. Setting A 243-bed public university teaching hospital in Ireland...
February 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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