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Breast prosthesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695172/women-experiences-of-using-external-breast-prosthesis-after-mastectomy
#1
Zohra Asif Jetha, Raisa B Gul, Sharifa Lalani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the experiences of breast cancer patients using external breast prostheses (EBP) in the context of the Pakistani society. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive exploratory design was used in the study. In-depth individual interviews were conducted with 15 postmastectomy women using EBP. A semi-structured interview guide with open-ended questions was used for the interviews. The analysis of the data was organized into four categories according to the study questions including reasons for using EBP, feeling about EBP, challenges for using EBP, and coping with lost breast...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676319/impact-of-adjuvant-anti-estrogen-therapies-tamoxifen-and-aromatase-inhibitors-on-perioperative-outcomes-of-breast-reconstruction
#2
Raphaëlle Billon, Romain Bosc, Yazid Belkacemi, Elias Assaf, Mounia SidAhmed-Mezi, Barbara Hersant, Jean-Paul Meningaud
PURPOSE: Hormone (anti-estrogen) therapy (HT) plays a major role in hormone receptor-positive breast cancer management. The latest guidelines propose to extend the duration of adjuvant treatment from 5 to 10 years. The association between HT and thromboembolic or microvascular complications during breast reconstruction has been investigated. However, while estrogens play a crucial role in wound healing, no study has assessed the impact of tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors on other postoperative complications, including wound healing complications...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654584/a-novel-noncontact-diffuse-correlation-spectroscopy-device-for-assessing-blood-flow-in-mastectomy-skin-flaps-a-prospective-study-in-patients-undergoing-prosthesis-based-reconstruction
#3
Nneamaka B Agochukwu, Chong Huang, Mingjun Zhao, Ahmed A Bahrani, Li Chen, Patrick McGrath, Guoqiang Yu, Lesley Wong
A new advanced technology, noncontact diffuse correlation spectroscopy, has been recently developed for the measurement of tissue blood flow through analyzing the motions of red blood cells in deep tissues. This technology is portable, inexpensive, and noninvasive, and can measure up to 1.5-cm tissue depth. In this prospective study, the authors aimed to explore the use of this novel device in the prediction of mastectomy skin flap necrosis. The noncontact diffuse correlation spectroscopy device was used to measure mastectomy skin flap flow in patients undergoing mastectomy and immediate implant-based breast reconstruction before and immediately after mastectomy, and after placement of the prosthesis...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625797/breast-implant-associated-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-from-diagnosis-to-treatment
#4
REVIEW
I Kaartinen, K Sunela, J Alanko, K Hukkinen, M-L Karjalainen-Lindsberg, C Svarvar
Breast lymphomas comprise a rare group of malignant breast tumors. Among these, a new entity has emerged as a potentially under-diagnosed disease. Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BI-ALCL) most often manifests as a late periprosthetic effusion between 1 and 10 years after the implantation of silicone or saline-filled breast prostheses. BI-ALCL is an anaplastic lymphoma kinase-negative T-cell lymphoma that has a distinctively different clinical course than other breast lymphomas or ALCLs...
June 7, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574950/prepectoral-breast-reconstruction-a-safe-alternative-to-submuscular-prosthetic-reconstruction-following-nipple-sparing-mastectomy
#5
Hani Sbitany, Merisa Piper, Rachel Lentz
BACKGROUND: Nipple sparing mastectomy (NSM) with immediate prosthetic reconstruction is routinely performed due to excellent aesthetic results, and safe oncologic outcomes. Typically, subpectoral expanders are placed, but in select patients, this can lead to significant postoperative pain and animation deformity, due to pectoralis major muscle disinsertion and stretch. Prepectoral reconstruction is a technique that eliminates dissection of the pectoralis major, by placing the prosthesis completely above the muscle with complete acellular dermal matrix (ADM) coverage...
May 31, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500904/endometrial-adenocarcinoma-recurrence-presenting-with-tibial-metastasis-report-of-a-case
#6
Mehmet Salih Söylemez, Bahattin Kemah, Umut Perçem Orhan Söylemez, Bülent Kılıç, Korhan Ozkan
INTRODUCTION: Metastatic bone disease at extremities is mostly associated with lung, liver, prostat, thyriod or breast malignancies. There for surgeons generally tends to seek for a primary tumor originating from these organs. Herein a case of endometrial adenocarcinoma recurrence that presented with symptoms of tibial pain is described. PRESENTATION OF CASE: 59 year-old woman was admitted to our orthopaedic oncology unit with pain, swelling and tenderness at right cruris for two weeks without any trauma history...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499662/-acute-toxicity-of-breast-cancer-irradiation-with-modulated-intensity-by-tomotherapy-%C3%A2
#7
N Aoulad, C Massabeau, B de Lafontan, L Vieillevigne, G Hangard, C Ciprian, L Chaltiel, É Moyal, F Izar
PURPOSE: Helical radiation intensity modulated by tomotherapy improves dose distribution to complex and large volumes. The aim of the study was to assess acute toxicity of this technique during breast cancer irradiation after conserving surgery or mastectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cutaneous toxicities, lung and oesophageal side effects, and breast lymphedema were retrospectively collected according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4...
May 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458959/preoperative-radiotherapy-is-not-associated-with-increased-post-mastectomy-short-term-morbidity-analysis-of-77-902-patients
#8
Pablo A Baltodano, Myrna Eliann Reinhardt, José M Flores, Francis M Abreu, Anmol Chattha, Lyonell Kone, Carisa M Cooney, Michele A Manahan, Richard C Zellars, Gedge D Rosson
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant radiotherapy (NRT) enhances breast-conserving surgery outcomes, reducing local recurrence of breast cancer and increasing median survival. However, its effect on postoperative morbidity remains under-studied. We sought to assess the impact of NRT on 30-day postoperative morbidity after mastectomy. METHODS: We analyzed data from women undergoing mastectomy (with or without immediate reconstruction) using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) 2005-2011 datasets...
March 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437660/an-experimental-analysis-of-shell-failure-in-breast-implants
#9
N G Ramião, P S Martins, M L Barroso, D C Santos, A A Fernandes
Breast implant durability and the mechanisms of rupture are important topics in the medical community, for patients, manufactures and regulatory medical agencies. After concerns about the Poly Implant Prosthesis (PIP) implants, the need for understanding the adverse outcomes and the failure mode to improve the breast implants increased. The objective of this research is to analyze and describe the rupture characteristics of failed explanted PIP implants to study the modes and causes of rupture. Eleven explanted PIP implants were analyzed by visual inspection and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436378/outcomes-of-corpectomy-in-patients-with-metastatic-cancer
#10
Grzegorz Guzik
BACKGROUND: The objective of surgical management of spinal metastases is to reduce pain and improve the patient's quality of life. The operation should restore spinal stability and decompress neural structures. One surgical technique is corpectomy followed by vertebral body reconstruction and stabilisation of the spine. The procedure may be performed in patients in overall good health and a good survival prognosis. The aim of this paper is to present the outcomes of surgical management of spinal metastases in patients who underwent corpectomy followed by vertebral body reconstruction and stabilisation of the spine...
January 26, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255833/optimal-sequencing-of-postmastectomy-radiotherapy-and-two-stages-of-prosthetic-reconstruction-a-meta-analysis
#11
Kyeong-Tae Lee, Goo-Hyun Mun
BACKGROUND: Despite an expanding role of adjuvant radiotherapy and the popularity of two-stage prosthesis-based reconstruction in the treatment of breast cancer, there is no consensus on the proper timing of postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) in relation to the two stages of the reconstruction procedure. The present meta-analysis investigated the optimum timing of PMRT by comparing the outcomes of the following two sequences: radiation on tissue expander followed by the exchange, and radiation on the permanent implant after the exchange...
May 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198179/breast-reconstruction-after-mastectomy-for-breast-cancer-comparative-analysis-of-early-and-delayed-reconstruction
#12
William Seidel, Jorge Bins-Ely, Daniel Ongaratto Barazzetti, Renata Della Giustina, Gustavo P Walter, Thiago A Ferri, Rosemeri Maurici, Janaína L Narciso-Schiavon
BACKGROUND: Early reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer with definitive implants has been widely used, especially with the evolution of conservative surgical breast cancer treatments. We aimed to identify different characteristics associated with plastic surgery, based on immediate or delayed reconstruction time and evaluate quality of life in patients undergoing mastectomy for cancer. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analytical study that evaluated adult patients undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer and breast reconstruction in Plastic Surgery Service at a tertiary hospital...
June 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166134/nipple-shields-in-transaxillary-breast-augmentation
#13
Jesús Benito-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Infection after breast augmentation occurs in 1.1% to 2.5% of patients. Bacterial contamination of the implants could explain some complications of breast implant surgery, including infection, capsular contracture and even anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Because of the evidence of bacterial spread from the nipple, nipple shields have been proposed as a routine maneuver to avoid contamination of the implants. OBJECTIVE: To determine if nipple shields are useful in transaxillary breast augmentation...
February 4, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127663/mechanical-performance-of-poly-implant-prosthesis-pip-breast-implants-a-comparative-study
#14
Nilza Alexandra Gomes Ramião, Pedro Alexandre Lopes de Sousa Martins, Maria da Luz Barroso, Diana Costa Santos, Francisco Bulhosa da Rocha Pereira, António Augusto Fernandes
BACKGROUND: There is societal concern regarding potential health problems associated with breast implants. Much of this distrust climate was a reaction to the Poly Implant Prosthesis (PIP) scandal. Studying the mechanisms of implant rupture is an important step for their improvement. The mechanical behaviour of breast implant shells was studied on explanted and virgin implants. Implants from both PIP and another brand (brand X), currently in the market, were considered. METHODS: To study the mechanical behaviour of the shell, a total of 940 samples from 11 explants and 5 control implants were analysed...
January 27, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053907/prevalence-of-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-and-oral-characteristics-of-oncologic-patients-treated-with-bisphosphonates-at-the-general-hospital-of-mexico
#15
María Verónica Cuevas-González, Celia Minerva Díaz-Aguirre, Enrique Echevarría-Y-Pérez, Juan Carlos Cuevas-González
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and oral characteristics of cancer patients treated with bisphosphonates in the oncology and maxillofacial prosthesis departments of the General Hospital of Mexico between 2011 and 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included patients who received prior treatment with bisphosphonates; an intraoral examination was performed by 2 standardized examiners. RESULTS: The prevalence of bisphosphonate-related necrosis in 75 patients was 2...
December 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032164/innovative-management-of-implant-exposure-in-adm-implant-based-breast-reconstruction-with-negative-pressure-wound-therapy
#16
Antonello Accurso, Nicola Rocco, Giuseppe Accardo, Paola Reale, Carmela Salerno, Edi Mattera, Francesco D'Andrea
INTRODUCTION: One-stage implant-based breast reconstruction has been recently improved by the introduction of biological [acellular dermal matrix (ADM)] and synthetic meshes. Advantages of ADMs in implant-based breast reconstruction derive from the expansion of the space available for the direct positioning of an implant, but their use could be associated with several complications. Although the majority of complications can be easily managed, mistakes in dealing with the first clinical signs of a potential adverse event can lead to implant loss...
February 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024968/assessing-the-variability-in-insurance-coverage-transparency-for-male-sexual-health-conditions-in-the-united-states
#17
Brian Le, Sarah McAchran, David Paolone, Dan Gralnek, Daniel Williams, Wade Bushman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of transparency of health insurance policies regarding coverage of male sexual health conditions, we examined the publicly available policy coverage documents of the largest U.S. medical insurance plans. METHODS: We selected 2 index patients across the male sexual health spectrum: (1) a phosphodiesterase type 5 refractory erectile dysfunction (ED) patient requiring intracavernosal injection therapy or penile prosthesis and (2) a 50-year-old male patient with laboratory-confirmed, symptomatic hypogonadism requiring testosterone replacement therapy as defined by endocrine society criteria...
December 23, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930584/risk-of-infection-is-associated-more-with-drain-duration-than-daily-drainage-volume-in-prosthesis-based-breast-reconstruction-a-cohort-study
#18
Cheng-Feng Chen, Shou-Fong Lin, Chen-Fang Hung, Pesus Chou
In prosthesis-based breast reconstruction, drains are used to prevent seroma formation and to reduce the risk of infection. However, prolonged drainage increases the risk of ascending infection. Although the volume often accepted for drain removal is ≤30 mL per day, the optimal timing to remove the drain for best clinical outcome remains controversial.We did a retrospective cohort study of 569 patients of prosthesis-based breast reconstruction with infection rate as the outcome variable; drain duration and last daily drainage volume as the main independent variables...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871962/penile-implant-review-of-a-no-touch-technique
#19
REVIEW
J Francois Eid
INTRODUCTION: Over 25% of the more than 725,000 cases of nosocomial infection in the United States are related to an implantable device. Despite the standard typical strategies available, infection rates for breast implants, cerebrospinal shunts, and penile implants remain unacceptably high. This paper will review use of a "no-touch" technique in varied surgical procedures from orthopedic fracture repair, cerebrospinal fluid shunt placement, and breast reconstruction/augmentation to penile prosthesis implantation...
July 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866670/-shift-the-skin-paddle-in-an-additional-incision-improves-the-result-study-of-a-series-of-82-breast-reconstructions-by-latissimus-dorsi-flap-and-prosthesis-implantation-at-10-years
#20
S Chiriac, C Dissaux, C Bruant-Rodier, Z Djerada, F Bodin, C François
The position of the skin paddle on the breast area is a fundamental element for the breast reconstructions by latissimus dorsi flap and prosthesis implantation. Should, as Millard advocated, to recreate the initial defect and include it in the mastectomy scar or is it better in an additional incision as have others authors. This study compares the long-term morphological results of these two attitudes, with or without additional incision. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-two breast reconstructions by latissimus dorsi flap and prosthesis implantation, with a mean follow-up of 9...
November 17, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
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