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Cognitive rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339428/does-conservative-treatment-change-the-brain-in-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review
#1
Jeroen Kregel, Iris Coppieters, Robby DePauw, Anneleen Malfliet, Lieven Danneels, Jo Nijs, Barbara Cagnie, Mira Meeus
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is characterized by maladaptive central neuroplastic changes. Many observational studies have demonstrated that chronic pain states are associated with brain alterations regarding structure and/or function. Rehabilitation of patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain may include cognitive, exercise, or multimodal therapies. OBJECTIVE: The current review aims to provide a constructive overview of the existing literature reporting neural correlates, based on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, following conservative treatment in chronic musculoskeletal pain patients...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337932/stroke-lesions-in-a-large-upper-limb-rehabilitation-trial-cohort-rarely-match-lesions-in-common-preclinical-models
#2
Matthew A Edwardson, Ximing Wang, Brent Liu, Li Ding, Christianne J Lane, Caron Park, Monica A Nelsen, Theresa A Jones, Steven L Wolf, Carolee J Winstein, Alexander W Dromerick
BACKGROUND: Stroke patients with mild-moderate upper extremity motor impairments and minimal sensory and cognitive deficits provide a useful model to study recovery and improve rehabilitation. Laboratory-based investigators use lesioning techniques for similar goals. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether stroke lesions in an upper extremity rehabilitation trial cohort match lesions from the preclinical stroke recovery models used to drive translational research. METHODS: Clinical neuroimages from 297 participants enrolled in the Interdisciplinary Comprehensive Arm Rehabilitation Evaluation (ICARE) study were reviewed...
January 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336344/participation-restriction-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-prevalence-and-correlations-with-cognitive-walking-balance-and-upper-limb-impairments
#3
Davide Cattaneo, Ilse Lamers, Rita Bertoni, Peter Feys, Johanna Jonsdottir
OBJECTIVE: To calculate percentage of participation restrictions according to disability level in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and to assess relationship between participation restriction, and cognitive, gait, balance and upper limb deficits. DESIGN: Cross sectional study SETTING: Rehabilitation unit PARTICIPANTS: 105 people with MS and 20 healthy subjects (HS) were screened in Belgium and Italy. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Community integration questionnaire was used to assess participation in Home, Social and Productive Activities...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334378/patterns-of-false-memory-in-patients-with-huntington-s-disease
#4
I-Wen Chen, Chiung-Mei Chen, Yih-Ru Wu, Mau-Sun Hua
Objective: Increased false memory recognition in patients with Huntington's disease (HD) has been widely reported; however, the underlying memory constructive processes remain unclear. The present study explored gist memory, item-specific memory, and monitoring ability in patients with HD. Method: Twenty-five patients (including 13 patients with mild HD and 12 patients with moderate-to-severe HD) and 30 healthy comparison participants (HC) were recruited. We used the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm to investigate participants' false recognition patterns, along with neuropsychological tests to assess general cognitive function...
March 17, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334244/cognitive-screening-tests-versus-comprehensive-neuropsychological-test-batteries-a-national-academy-of-neuropsychology-education-paper%C3%A2
#5
Tresa M Roebuck-Spencer, Tannahill Glen, Antonio E Puente, Robert L Denney, Ronald M Ruff, Gayle Hostetter, Kevin J Bianchini
The American Medical Association Current Procedural Panel developed a new billing code making behavioral health screening a reimbursable healthcare service. The use of computerized testing as a means for cognitive screening and brief cognitive testing is increasing at a rapid rate. The purpose of this education paper is to provide information to clinicians, healthcare administrators, and policy developers about the purpose, strengths, and limitations of cognitive screening tests versus comprehensive neuropsychological evaluations...
March 10, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332941/functional-training-is-a-senseless-strategy-in-ms-cognitive-rehabilitation-strategy-training-is-the-only-useful-approach-commentary
#6
Bruno Brochet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332909/functional-training-is-a-senseless-strategy-in-ms-cognitive-rehabilitation-strategy-training-is-the-only-useful-approach-no
#7
Hanneke E Hulst, Dawn W Langdon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332907/functional-training-is-a-senseless-strategy-in-ms-cognitive-rehabilitation-strategy-training-is-the-only-useful-approach-yes
#8
Victoria M Leavitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326967/development-and-validation-of-a-remote-home-safety-protocol
#9
Sergio Romero, Mi Jung Lee, Ivana Simic, Charles Levy, Jon Sanford
AIM: Environmental assessments and subsequent modifications conducted by healthcare professionals can enhance home safety and promote independent living. However, travel time, expense and the availability of qualified professionals can limit the broad application of this intervention. Remote technology has the potential to increase access to home safety evaluations. PURPOSE: This study describes the development and validation of a remote home safety protocol that can be used by a caregiver of an elderly person to video-record their home environment for later viewing and evaluation by a trained professional...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326859/performance-evaluation-of-3d-vision-based-semi-autonomous-control-method-for-assistive-robotic-manipulator
#10
Hyun W Ka, Cheng-Shiu Chung, Dan Ding, Khara James, Rory Cooper
We developed a 3D vision-based semi-autonomous control interface for assistive robotic manipulators. It was implemented based on one of the most popular commercially available assistive robotic manipulator combined with a low-cost depth-sensing camera mounted on the robot base. To perform a manipulation task with the 3D vision-based semi-autonomous control interface, a user starts operating with a manual control method available to him/her. When detecting objects within a set range, the control interface automatically stops the robot, and provides the user with possible manipulation options through audible text output, based on the detected object characteristics...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326852/sleep-outcomes-following-sleep-hygiene-related-interventions-for-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#11
Stefan Bogdanov, Sharon Naismith, Suncica Lah
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is commonly reported following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and can adversely impact health and wellbeing and interfere with the rehabilitation process. As such, effective treatment of sleep disturbance is critical for overall recovery. Sleep hygiene, which is non-invasive, low cost, and low risk, could serve as a suitable first line of treatment for individuals experiencing sleep disturbance post-TBI. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of sleep hygiene on sleep outcomes post-TBI...
March 22, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326111/the-korean-version-of-the-schizophrenia-cognition-rating-scale-reliability-and-validity
#12
Eun-Chan Kang, Sung-Jin Kim, Young-Soo Seo, Sung-Soo Jung, Beom-Joo Seo, Jeoung-Whan Ryu, Joo-Cheol Shim, Jung-Joon Moon, Dong-Wook Jeon, Kyoung-Duck Park, Do-Un Jung
OBJECTIVE: This study's aim was to develop and standardize a Korean version (SCoRS-K) of the Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale (SCoRS), which is used to evaluate the degree of cognitive dysfunction affecting the everyday functioning of people with schizophrenia. METHODS: Eighty-four schizophrenia patients with stable symptoms who were receiving outpatient treatment and rehabilitation therapy, and 29 demographically matched non-patient controls, participated in the study...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325379/-diagnosis-and-emergency-treatment-of-stroke-in-children
#13
Gaëlle Gousse, Stéphane Chabrier, Manoëlle Kossorotoff
The sudden occurrence of a focal neurological deficit, sometimes transitory and fluctuating, must lead to a suspicion of a stroke, including in a child. The preferred examination is magnetic resonance imaging with magnetic resonance angiography in an emergency. The sequelae of stroke are common and severe. Urgent diagnosis and adapted care can help to improve morbidity-mortality. Rehabilitation starts early and must systematically screen for cognitive or language impairment. The management of a stroke in a child must be planned for in multi-disciplinary protocols established before the patient's arrival at hospital...
March 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325110/-that-is-how-i-speak-nowadays-experiences-of-remote-communication-among-persons-with-communicative-and-cognitive-disabilities
#14
Margret Buchholz, Ulrika Ferm, Kristina Holmgren
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to explore the experiences of remote communication (i.e., communication between persons who are not in the same place) among people with communicative and cognitive disabilities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven adolescents and adults were interviewed using Talking Mats and interview data was analyzed qualitatively with systematic text condensation. RESULTS: The use of remote communication varies between the participants...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322535/neuropsychological-rehabilitation-and-psychotherapy-of-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-with-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Zeng-Qiang Liu, Xue Zeng, Chen-Yang Duan
INTRODUCTION: There is still insufficient appreciation whether neuropsychological rehabilitation and psychotherapy are effective in attenuating depression following traumatic brain injury (TBI). This knowledge gap was addressed in the present systematic review and meta- analysis of the literature. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We conducted electronic database (Medline, PsychINFO, Scopus) searches (time frame: January 1, 2005 - December 31, 2015) for clinical studies that had tested neuropsychological rehabilitation and psychotherapy in adult TBI survivors with depression...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322130/motor-recovery-in-post-stroke-patients-with-aphasia-the-role-of-specific-linguistic-abilities
#16
Valeria Ginex, Laura Veronelli, Nicola Vanacore, Eleonora Lacorte, Alessia Monti, Massimo Corbo
BACKGROUND: Aphasia is a serious consequence of stroke but aphasics patients have been routinely excluded from participation in some areas of stroke research. OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of specific linguistic and non-verbal cognitive abilities on the short-term motor recovery of patients with aphasia due to first-ever stroke to the left hemisphere after an intensive rehabilitation treatment. METHODS: 48 post-acute aphasic patients, who underwent physiotherapy and speech language therapy, were enrolled for this retrospective cohort-study...
March 21, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322035/multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program-after-breast-cancer-benefits-on-physical-function-anthropometry-and-quality-of-life
#17
Anne-France Leclerc, Marguerite Foidart-Dessalle, Marco Tomasella, Philippe Coucke, Martine Devos, Olivier Bruyère, Thierry Bury, Dorian Deflandre, Guy Jerusalem, Eric Lifrange, Jean-François Kaux, Jean-Michel Crielaard, Didier Maquet
BACKGROUND: Different clinical trials show beneficial effects of physical training offered during and / or after breast cancer treatment. However, given the variety of side effects that may be encountered, physical training could be combined with psychological, relational and social guidance. This kind of multidisciplinary program has been little studied so far. AIM: To determine the benefits of a three-month multidisciplinary rehabilitation program among women after breast cancer treatment...
March 20, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320421/effectiveness-of-a-physiotherapist-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-patient-education-for-patients-who-undergoes-operation-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Sara Birch, Maiken Stilling, Inger Mechlenburg, Torben Bæk Hansen
BACKGROUND: Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is a common and generally effective procedure performed mainly due to advanced osteoarthritis, pain, physical disability and reduced quality of life. However, approximately 20% of the patients respond poorly to the surgery and chronic pain and disability following TKA remains a major health burden for many patients. Among the most well documented and powerful psychological predictors of poor outcome following TKA is pain catastrophizing. Recent research has shown that patients with these thoughts are at higher risk of having persistent pain and lower physical function after the operation than patients with low levels of pain catastrophizing before TKA...
March 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320371/possible-factors-influencing-the-duration-of-hospital-stay-in-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-attempting-suicide-by-jumping
#19
Tsubasa Omi, Hiroshi Ito, Keisen Riku, Koji Kanai, Hiromune Takada, Satoshi Fujimi, Hidenori Matsunaga, Kazutaka Ohi
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychiatric disorders have a high rate of suicide. The present study investigated factors influencing hospital stays for Japanese patients with psychiatric disorders attempting suicide by jumping. METHODS: We diagnosed all suicide attempts (n = 113) by jumping based on the International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision (ICD-10) and investigated the mean hospital stays of patients with each diagnosis based on the ICD-10 code. We then analyzed differences in the demographic and clinical characteristics between the diagnostic groups to identify factors influencing the duration of hospital stay...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320331/a-multi-component-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-for-the-treatment-of-fear-of-falling-after-hip-fracture-fit-hip-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Maaike N Scheffers-Barnhoorn, Jolanda C M van Haastregt, Jos M G A Schols, Gertrudis I J M Kempen, Romke van Balen, Jan H M Visschedijk, Wilbert B van den Hout, Eve M Dumas, Wilco P Achterberg, Monica van Eijk
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a common injury in the geriatric population. Despite surgical repair and subsequent rehabilitation programmes, functional recovery is often limited, particularly in individuals with multi-morbidity. This leads to high care dependency and subsequent use of healthcare services. Fear of falling has a negative influence on recovery after hip fracture, due to avoidance of activity and subsequent restriction in mobility. Although fear of falling is highly prevalent after hip fracture, no structured treatment programme is currently available...
March 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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