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Cognitive rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807487/exploring-how-prison-based-drug-rehabilitation-programming-shapes-racial-disparities-in-substance-use-disorder-recovery
#1
Erin M Kerrison
Prison-based therapeutic community (TC) programming is derived from the perspective that drug addiction is primarily symptomatic of cognitive dysfunction, poor emotional management, and underdeveloped self-reliance skills, and can be addressed in a collaborative space where a strong ideological commitment to moral reform and personal responsibility is required of its members. In this space, evidence of rehabilitation is largely centered on the client's relationship to language and the public adoption of a "broken self" narrative...
August 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807062/neuropsychiatric-characteristics-of-antiterrorist-operation-combatants-in-the-donbass-ukraine
#2
Konstantin N Loganovsky, Natalia A Zdanevich, Marina V Gresko, Donatella Marazziti, Tatiana K Loganovskaja
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aimed to explore the neuropsychiatric characteristics of the antiterrorism (ATO) combatants in the Donets Basin (Donbass) and to propose therapeutic strategies for managing their mental healthcare. METHODS: A total of 54 ATO combatants were included in our study and compared with four groups of subjects exposed to other emergencies, including the Chernobyl disaster and the war in Afghanistan. The neuropsychiatric features were assessed through psychopathological assessments, neurological examinations, and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG)...
August 15, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804443/technology-based-rehabilitation-to-improve-communication-after-acquired-brain-injury
#3
REVIEW
Carrie A Des Roches, Swathi Kiran
The utilization of technology has allowed for several advances in aphasia rehabilitation for individuals with acquired brain injury. Thirty-one previous studies that provide technology-based language or language and cognitive rehabilitation are examined in terms of the domains addressed, the types of treatments that were provided, details about the methods and the results, including which types of outcomes are reported. From this, we address questions about how different aspects of the delivery of treatment can influence rehabilitation outcomes, such as whether the treatment was standardized or tailored, whether the participants were prescribed homework or not, and whether intensity was varied...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802926/nonmotor-symptoms-and-natural-history-of-parkinson-s-disease-evidence-from-cognitive-dysfunction-and-role-of-noninvasive-interventions
#4
Roberta Biundo, Eleonora Fiorenzato, Angelo Antonini
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by motor and nonmotor symptoms (NMS). Several subsequent studies substantiate the great functional burden related to NMS, their progression, and negative effect on quality of life in PD. Additional evidence indicates interesting relationships between striatal dopaminergic function and NMS. The basal ganglia are implicated in the modulation and integration of sensory information and pain, bladder function is under control of both inhibitory (D1) and facilitatory (D2) dopaminergic inputs, finally reduced dopaminergic activity in the mesocortical and mesolimbic pathways is involved in the development of several NMS including mood, motivational, and cognitive alterations...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801847/assessment-of-functioning-and-disability-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-using-the-who-disability-assessment-schedule-2-0-in-a-large-scale-database
#5
Ruey Chen, Tsan-Hon Liou, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Chia-Feng Yen, Hua-Fang Liao, Wen-Chou Chi, Kuei-Ru Chou
Schizophrenia is a common mental disorder characterized by deficits in multiple domains of functioning. This study is arguably the first of its kind in Taiwan to examine, in a multifaceted and objective manner, the disability of patients with schizophrenia and the factors affecting it. A cross-sectional design was adopted to gather data from 24,299 patients with schizophrenia who were listed in the Taiwan Databank of Persons with Disabilities. The level of disability in these patients was measured using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
August 11, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797177/predictors-of-post-traumatic-growth-in-stroke-survivors
#6
Grace Kelly, Reg Morris, Hamsaraj Shetty
PURPOSE: The development of post-traumatic growth was studied longitudinally within 14 months poststroke. The predictions of two models of post-traumatic growth were examined. METHOD: Forty-three stroke survivors were investigated at two time points (i.e., time 1 and time 2), six months apart. Each completed the Post-traumatic Growth Inventory, Rumination Scale, Impact of Events Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Social Support, the Barthel Index and the COPE scale...
August 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795168/changes-in-brain-behavior-relationships-following-a-3-month-pilot-cognitive-intervention-program-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
S Porter, I J Torres, W Panenka, Z Rajwani, D Fawcett, A Hyder, N Virji-Babul
Facilitating functional recovery following brain injury is a key goal of neurorehabilitation. Direct, objective measures of changes in the brain are critical to understanding how and when meaningful changes occur, however, assessing neuroplasticity using brain based results remains a significant challenge. Little is known about the underlying changes in functional brain networks that correlate with cognitive outcomes in traumatic brain injury (TBI). The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility of an intensive three month cognitive intervention program in individuals with chronic TBI and to evaluate the effects of this intervention on brain-behavioral relationships...
August 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793916/a-manual-based-vocational-rehabilitation-program-for-patients-with-an-acquired-brain-injury-study-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-rct
#8
Louise K Hoeffding, Maria Haahr Nielsen, Morten A Rasmussen, Anne Norup, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Ulrikka K Kjær, Kristoffer Sølvsten Burgdorf, Trine Schow
BACKGROUND: An acquired brain injury (ABI) is a complex injury often followed by a broad range of cognitive, physical, emotional, and behavioral disabilities. Because of these disabilities, vocational rehabilitation (VR) is a challenging task, however, of great importance, since approximately 75% of the patients with ABI are of working age. Thus, standardized clinically effective and cost-effective methodologies regarding VR for patients with ABI are highly needed. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of an individually targeted manual-based VR for patient with ABI compared to conventional VR (usual care)...
August 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790945/recommendations-for-the-use-of-serious-games-in-neurodegenerative-disorders-2016-delphi-panel
#9
Valeria Manera, Grégory Ben-Sadoun, Teun Aalbers, Hovannes Agopyan, Florence Askenazy, Michel Benoit, David Bensamoun, Jérémy Bourgeois, Jonathan Bredin, Francois Bremond, Carlos Crispim-Junior, Renaud David, Bob De Schutter, Eric Ettore, Jennifer Fairchild, Pierre Foulon, Adam Gazzaley, Auriane Gros, Stéphanie Hun, Frank Knoefel, Marcel Olde Rikkert, Minh K Phan Tran, Antonios Politis, Anne S Rigaud, Guillaume Sacco, Sylvie Serret, Susanne Thümmler, Marie L Welter, Philippe Robert
The use of Serious Games (SG) in the health domain is expanding. In the field of neurodegenerative disorders (ND) such as Alzheimer's disease, SG are currently employed both to support and improve the assessment of different functional and cognitive abilities, and to provide alternative solutions for patients' treatment, stimulation, and rehabilitation. As the field is quite young, recommendations on the use of SG in people with ND are still rare. In 2014 we proposed some initial recommendations (Robert et al...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790808/copd-patients-self-reported-adherence-psychosocial-factors-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-pulmonary-rehabilitation
#10
Antonia Pierobon, Elisa Sini Bottelli, Laura Ranzini, Claudio Bruschi, Roberto Maestri, Giorgio Bertolotti, Marinella Sommaruga, Valeria Torlaschi, Simona Callegari, Anna Giardini
In addition to clinical comorbidities, psychological and neuropsychological problems are frequent in COPD and may affect pulmonary rehabilitation delivery and outcome. The aims of the study were to describe a COPD population in a rehabilitative setting as regards the patients depressive symptoms, anxiety, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and self-reported adherence and to analyze their relationships; to compare the COPD sample MCI scores with normative data; and to investigate which factors might predict adherence to prescribed physical exercise...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789589/classification-of-cognitive-performance-in-bipolar-disorder
#11
Timea Sparding, Katja Silander, Erik Pålsson, Josefin Östlind, Carl Johan Ekman, Carl M Sellgren, Erik Joas, Stefan Hansen, Mikael Landén
OBJECTIVE: To understand the etiology of cognitive impairment associated with bipolar disorder, we need to clarify potential heterogeneity in cognitive functioning. To this end, we used multivariate techniques to study if the correlation structure of cognitive abilities differs between persons with bipolar disorder and controls. METHOD: Clinically stable patients with bipolar disorder (type I: n = 64; type II: n = 44) and healthy controls (n = 86) were assessed with a wide range of cognitive tests measuring executive function, speed, memory, and verbal skills...
August 9, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783543/the-effect-of-human-engagement-depicted-in-contextual-photographs-on-the-visual-attention-patterns-of-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Amber Thiessen, Jessica Brown, David Beukelman, Karen Hux
Photographs are a frequently employed tool for the rehabilitation of adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working with these individuals must select photos that are easily identifiable and meaningful to their clients. In this investigation, we examined the visual attention response to camera- (i.e., depicted human figure looking toward camera) and task-engaged (i.e., depicted human figure looking at and touching an object) contextual photographs for a group of adults with TBI and a group of adults without neurological conditions...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783374/hiv-and-cognitive-impairment-in-clinical-practice-the-evaluation-of-a-stepwise-screening-protocol-in-relation-to-clinical-outcomes-and-management
#13
Charlotte S Hakkers, Jordan M Kraaijenhof, Esther B van Oers-Hazelzet, Anne J M A Visser-Meily, Andy I M Hoepelman, Joop E Arends, Roos E Barth
Neurocognitive impairment (NCI) is an increasingly important comorbidity in an ageing HIV+ population. Despite the lack of available treatment modalities, screening for NCI is recommended. In the UMC Utrecht, yearly NCI screening is done using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) tool and the HIV Dementia Scale (HDS). The aim of this study was to evaluate this screening protocol in relation to clinical outcomes and management. A retrospective cohort study was performed in suppressed adult HIV+ patients...
August 7, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781932/rehabilitation-improves-prognosis-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-low-activities-of-daily-living
#14
Misako Endo, Yuya Nakamura, Takuya Murakami, Hideki Tsukahara, Yoshinobu Watanabe, Yoshiyuki Matsuoka, Isao Ohsawa, Hiromichi Gotoh, Takae Inagaki, Emiko Oguchi
BACKGROUND: Activities of daily living (ADL) in aged hemodialysis patients decrease by many factors as hemodialysis therapy, various disease-related complications and underlying disease for rehabilitation. But the correlation between low ADL and mortality remains unclear. We assessed the levels of ADL and effects of rehabilitation in hemodialysis patients with low ADL. Moreover, the association between the baseline functional independence measure (FIM) or rehabilitation treatment effects and all-cause mortality were investigated...
2017: Physical Therapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775181/exploring-the-patient-perspective-of-fatigue-in-adults-with-visual-impairment-a-qualitative-study
#15
Wouter Schakel, Christina Bode, Hilde P A van der Aa, Carel T J Hulshof, Judith E Bosmans, Gerardus H M B van Rens, Ruth M A van Nispen
OBJECTIVES: Fatigue is an often mentioned symptom by patients with irreversible visual impairment. This study explored the patient perspective of fatigue in visually impaired adults with a focus on symptoms of fatigue, causes, consequences and coping strategies. SETTING: Two large Dutch low vision multidisciplinary rehabilitation organisations. PARTICIPANTS: 16 visually impaired adults with severe symptoms of fatigue selected by purposive sampling...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774794/the-acute-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-cognitive-control-among-people-with-chronic-stroke
#16
Karli Swatridge, Kayla Regan, William Richard Staines, Eric Roy, Laura Elizabeth Middleton
BACKGROUND: Over half of stroke survivors have cognitive impairment, which impedes rehabilitation and functional recovery. Evidence suggests a single session of aerobic exercise improves cognitive functions among healthy adults. Whether this holds true for stroke survivors is unclear. The objective of this study was to examine whether one session of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise improves the cognitive control and attention of stroke survivors. METHODS: Nine people with chronic stroke (≥6 months poststroke) performed a modified Eriksen Flanker task with concurrent electroencephalography (EEG) before and immediately, 20 minutes, and 40 minutes after 20 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise and after 20 minutes of rest...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770543/feasibility-and-safety-of-virtual-reality-based-early-neurocognitive-stimulation-in-critically-ill-patients
#17
Marc Turon, Sol Fernandez-Gonzalo, Mercè Jodar, Gemma Gomà, Jaume Montanya, David Hernando, Raquel Bailón, Candelaria de Haro, Victor Gomez-Simon, Josefina Lopez-Aguilar, Rudys Magrans, Melcior Martinez-Perez, Joan Carles Oliva, Lluís Blanch
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that critical illness often results in significant long-term neurocognitive impairments in one-third of survivors. Although these neurocognitive impairments are long-lasting and devastating for survivors, rehabilitation rarely occurs during or after critical illness. Our aim is to describe an early neurocognitive stimulation intervention based on virtual reality for patients who are critically ill and to present the results of a proof-of-concept study testing the feasibility, safety, and suitability of this intervention...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765659/-empathy-social-cognition-and-subjective-quality-of-life-in-schizophrenia
#18
M C Martín Contero, R Secades Villa, J J López Goñi, J Tirapu Ustarroz
BACKGROUND: People diagnosed with schizophrenia present empathy deficits that have been related to their poor psychosocial functioning. The objectives were: 1) analyse the relation between empathy, social cognition and quality of life in subjects diagnosed with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders; 2) eva¬luate these variables according to the severity of the features. METHODS: Forty-one patients, divided into two groups according to the level of severity, were included...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764679/economic-evaluation-of-stepped-care-versus-usual-care-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-older-adults-with-vision-impairment-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Hilde P A van der Aa, Ger H M B van Rens, Judith E Bosmans, Hannie C Comijs, Ruth M A van Nispen
BACKGROUND: A stepped-care program was found effective in preventing depressive and anxiety disorders in older adults with vision impairment. However, before a decision can be made about implementation, the cost-effectiveness of this program should be investigated. Therefore, we aimed to compare the cost-effectiveness of stepped-care versus usual care within low vision rehabilitation. METHODS: An economic evaluation from a societal perspective was performed alongside a multicenter randomized controlled trial...
August 1, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763916/-the-coping-styles-and-its-relationship-with-quality-of-life-among-1-968-female-breast-cancer-patients-in-shanghai-in-2014
#20
Q L Deng, C C Zhao, R Y Hu, J W Wang, J M Yu
Objective: To study the coping styles and its relationship with quality of life among part of the female breast cancer patients in Shanghai in 2014. Methods: In August of 2014, 1-3 block groups affiliated to Shanghai Cancer Rehabilitation Club were selected from each of the 17 districts of Shanghai by convenient sampling method. Respondents were recruited from these block groups via putting up posters in the community or top three hospitals nearby. The inclusion criteria were as follows: female, aged from 18 to 80 years old; the initial diagnosis or primary tumor was breast cancer, and active treatments including surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy were finished; capable of basic reading and comprehension, and there was no communication disorder; daily activities were not limited, and with no mental disorder or dysgnosia...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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