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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785940/metabolic-effects-safety-and-acceptability-of-very-low-calorie-ketogenic-dietetic-scheme-on-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery
#1
Vincenzo Pilone, Salvatore Tramontano, Michele Renzulli, Mafalda Romano, Luigi Cobellis, Tiziano Berselli, Luigi Schiavo
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated significant advantages from a preoperative dietetic regimen for candidates to bariatric procedure. OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of safety, efficacy, and acceptability of a very low-calorie ketogenic diet in patients before bariatric surgery. SETTING: University Hospital. METHODS: A standardized 30-day sequential preoperative diet regimen has been analyzed, optimizing metabolic response with gradual carbohydrate reintroduction...
March 21, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785114/convenient-food-made-of-extruded-adzuki-bean-attenuates-inflammation-and-improves-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Yanping Liu, Qiyan Wang, Shanshan Li, Yanfen Yue, Yuling Ma, Guixing Ren
Objective: Extrusion is a widely used food processing technology. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of extruded adzuki bean convenient food (EABCF) on glycemic and inflammation control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Patients and methods: In a randomized controlled trial, 120 T2DM patients were randomly assigned to a control diet group (the low glycemic index [LGI] group, assigned the traditional diabetic low glycemic index diet) or an intervention group (the EABCF group, assigned daily consumption of EABCF)...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780322/efficacy-and-safety-of-teneligliptin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Xiaoxuan Li, Xuefei Huang, Chongfei Bai, Dalian Qin, Shousong Cao, Qibing Mei, Yun Ye, Jianming Wu
Background: Teneligliptin is a 3rd-generation dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor. There is a limited evidence regarding the effect of teneligliptin. Therefore, this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of teneligliptin in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with inadequately glycemic controlled. Methods: A search of PubMed, Medline, Embase, and The Cochrane Library during 2000.01-2018.03 was performed for randomized controlled trials of teneligliptin compared to placebo in patients with T2DM with monotherapy or add-on treatment...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778648/impact-of-insulin-on-the-intestinal-microcirculation-in-a-model-of-sepsis-related-hyperglycemia
#4
Alexa Caldwell, Jan Niklas Morick, Anne-Marie Jentsch, Annette Wegener, Dragan Pavlovic, Nadia Al-Banna, Christian Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Sepsis involves dysfunctional glucose metabolism. Among patients with sepsis, hyperglycemia is frequent and insulin administration has been evaluated for glycemic control to improve patient outcomes. Only few studies have examined the hyperglycemic microcirculation and the impact of insulin on the microvasculature in sepsis. OBJECTIVE: To study the functional capillary density (FCD) and leukocyte activation within the intestinal microcirculation in endotoxin-induced experimental sepsis...
May 17, 2018: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777623/complement-factor-h-as-a-potential-atherogenic-marker-in-chronic-chagas-disease
#5
Kárita Cláudia Freitas Lidani, Thaisa Lucas Sandri, Fabiana Antunes Andrade, Lorena Bavia, Renato Nisihara, Iara J Messias Reason
AIMS: We aimed to investigate the association between plasma levels of complement Factor H (FH) with cardiac involvement, inflammatory and cardiometabolic parameters in patients with chronic Chagas disease (CD). METHODS: FH plasmatic levels were determined in 80 chronic CD patients. Glycemic index, lipidogram (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol LDL-C, triglycerides and total cholesterol), and Ultrasensitive C-Reactive Protein (uCRP) values were obtained from medical records...
May 19, 2018: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777582/comparative-study-of-liraglutide-and-insulin-glargine-on-glycemic-control-and-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-function-in-db-db-mice
#6
Yanli Li, Jia Zheng, Yunfeng Shen, Wangen Li, Meimei Liu, Jun Wang, Surong Zhu, Meihua Wu
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the effects of liraglutide, a long-acting glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist, and insulin glargine, a long-acting insulin analog, on glycemic control and pancreatic β-cell function in db/db mice. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eight-week-old male db/db mice (n=40) were divided into five groups: the vehicle-treated group (VG) (n=8); the insulin glargine-treated group (GG) (dose, 450 mg/kg) (n=8), the low-dose liraglutide-treated group (LLG) (dose, 75 μg/kg) (n=8), the mid-dose liraglutide-treated group (MLG) (150 μg/kg) (n=8), and the high-dose liraglutide-treated group (HLG) (300 μg/kg) (n=8), treated with subcutaneous injection once daily, from 8-14 weeks-of-age...
May 19, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777241/acute-effect-of-equicaloric-meals-varying-in-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-on-arterial-stiffness-and-glycemia-in-healthy-adults-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#7
Andreea Zurbau, Alexandra L Jenkins, Elena Jovanovski, Fei Au-Yeung, Emma A Bateman, Christy Brissette, Thomas M S Wolever, Amir Hanna, Vladimir Vuksan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietary carbohydrate quality and quantity fluctuate but it is unknown which attribute takes precedence in vascular health preservation. We investigated all four permutations of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) on acute vascular and glycemic responses. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Twenty-one healthy adults were screened for this crossover trial. Seventeen (8 M:9 F; 26.7 ± 12.3 y; BMI 22.2 ± 2.8 kg/m2 ) entered randomization and completed the study, receiving four isocaloric meals, varying in GI and GL, in random order at least 3 days apart...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776447/factors-associated-with-glycemic-control-among-diabetic-adult-out-patients-in-northeast-ethiopia
#8
Temesgen Fiseha, Ermiyas Alemayehu, Wongelawit Kassahun, Aderaw Adamu, Angesom Gebreweld
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the status of glycemic control and identify factors associated with poor glycemic control among diabetic out-patients. RESULTS: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted among randomly selected 384 (126 type 1 and 258 type 2) diabetic adults attending a hospital in Northeast Ethiopia from January 1 to April 30, 2017. Of the total participants, 70.8% had poor status of glycemic control (defined as mean fasting blood glucose level above 130 mg/dl)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775127/glycemic-control-and-its-associated-factors-among-diabetes-mellitus-patients-at-ayder-comprehensive-specialized-hospital-mekelle-ethiopia
#9
Seifu Mideksa, Sintayehu Ambachew, Belete Biadgo, Habtamu Wondifraw Baynes
Diabetes is one of the largest health emergencies of the twenty-first century and it is increasing with alarming rate throughout the world. Glycemic Control in diabetes patients is an important issue in minimizing diabetes related complications and deaths. Institution based comparative cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April, 2017. Glycated Hemoglobin A1c and biochemical profiles were determined using Huma Meter A1c and ABX PENTRA 400 clinical chemistry analyzer. Independent t-test to compare groups, bivariate and multi variable logistic regression analysis were used...
May 18, 2018: Adipocyte
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774337/fermentation-alters-the-bioaccessible-phenolic-compounds-and-increases-the-alpha-glucosidase-inhibitory-effects-of-aronia-juice-in-a-dairy-matrix-following-in-vitro-digestion
#10
Xue Du, Angela D Myracle
The prevalence of diabetes reached 415 million worldwide in 2015. Polyphenol-rich food intake can benefit the glycemic control for individuals with diabetes. Fermentation may increase the bioavailability of polyphenols, which is generally low. Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa) is a polyphenol-rich berry that is native to North America. Proanthocyanins and anthocyanins are the major phenolic compounds in aronia. In this study, aronia kefir was made by fermenting cow's milk with added aronia juice. The changes in bioaccessible polyphenols of aronia kefir during digestion were assessed using an in vitro model...
May 18, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773934/iglarlixi-a-new-once-daily-fixed-ratio-combination-of-basal-insulin-glargine-and-lixisenatide-for-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#11
Debbie Hinnen, Jodi Strong
Background: Patients with type 2 diabetes require treatment intensification to maintain glycemic control. Clinician reluctance, patient injection fears, hypoglycemia, weight gain, or other objections may lead to clinical inertia, whereby therapy is not intensified and patients live with uncontrolled hyperglycemia and increased risk for complications. Initiation of injectable therapy with a glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 receptor agonist and/or basal insulin is a recommended option for patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on one or more oral agents...
May 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769806/paediatric-type-1-diabetes-2018-clinical-and-research-insights
#12
Stephen J Zborovski, Farid H Mahmud
The management of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes continues to progress as clinical and technological innovations enter into practice. Variability in glucose readings can present a significant challenge for care providers, patients and families alike and recent research demonstrates that insulin selection and site-related lipohypertrophy can significantly influence blood glucose levels. New technology aims to improve both glycemic control and quality of life. New insulin analogues have been developed and insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitoring systems continue to evolve toward a fully closed-loop system...
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769766/fenugreek-diabetes-and-periodontal-disease-a-cross-link-of-sorts
#13
Gopalakrishnan Sundaram, Theyagarajan Ramakrishnan, Harinath Parthasarathy, Manoj Raja, Samuel Raj
Aims: The aim of this study was to observe the sequelae of fenugreek adjunctive to nonsurgical periodontal therapy and its comparison to a group treated with scaling and root planing (SRP) and metformin alone by assessing their respective effects on periodontal parameters, glycemic status, and serum lipid levels. Materials and Methods: The study comprised eighty patients who were further divided into two groups. Each group consisted of 40 patients. Group 1 consisted of uncontrolled noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients with chronic generalized periodontitis, who received SRP and treatment with metformin...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769486/low-free-t%C3%A2-was-associated-with-poor-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-in-a-hospital-based-study-in-bangladesh
#14
M Kamrul-Hasan, N I Siddiqui, R A Shubha, M Abu-Bakar, P K Chanda, F I Haque
Clinical significance of low free T₃ (FT₃) has not been well explained in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); FT₃ level may be associated with diabetes control and also with diabetic complications. This cross-sectional study was carried out among 153 (mean age 46.8±12 years; female 68%, mean duration of diabetes 5.5±0.53 years, 63.4% either overweight or obese) non-pregnant adults with T2DM who had no acute illness and were unaware about their thyroid function status from July 2016 to December 2016...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769449/fatty-acid-receptor-modulator-pbi-4050-inhibits-kidney-fibrosis-and-improves-glycemic-control
#15
Yan Li, Sungjin Chung, Zhilian Li, Jessica M Overstreet, Lyne Gagnon, Brigitte Grouix, Martin Leduc, Pierre Laurin, Ming-Zhi Zhang, Raymond C Harris
Extensive kidney fibrosis occurs in several types of chronic kidney diseases. PBI-4050, a potentially novel first-in-class orally active low-molecular weight compound, has antifibrotic and antiinflammatory properties. We examined whether PBI-4050 affected the progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN) in a mouse model of accelerated type 2 diabetes and in a model of selective tubulointerstitial fibrosis. eNOS-/- db/db mice were treated with PBI-4050 from 8-20 weeks of age (early treatment) or from 16-24 weeks of age (late treatment)...
May 17, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760482/glycemic-impact-of-non-nutritive-sweeteners-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Alexander D Nichol, Maxwell J Holle, Ruopeng An
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Nonnutritive sweeteners (NNSs) are zero- or low-calorie alternatives to nutritive sweeteners, such as table sugars. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was conducted to quantitatively synthesize existing scientific evidence on the glycemic impact of NNSs. SUBJECTS/METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched. Two authors screened the titles and abstracts of candidate publications. The third author was consulted to resolve discrepancies...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753585/high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-low-grade-systemic-inflammation-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-two-sample-mendelian-randomization-study
#17
R Noordam, C H Oudt, M M Bos, R A J Smit, D van Heemst
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The role of inflammation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) remains unclear. We investigated the associations of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) concentration with T2D and glycemic traits using two-sample Mendelian Randomization. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used publically available summary-statistics data from genome-wide association studies on T2D (DIAGRAM: 12 171 cases; 56 862 controls) and glycemic traits (MAGIC: 46 186 participants without diabetes mellitus)...
March 26, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752712/maternal-diabetes-alters-the-development-of-ductus-venosus-shunting-in-the-fetus
#18
Agnethe Lund, Cathrine Ebbing, Svein Rasmussen, Torvid W Kiserud, Jörg Kessler
INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate glycemic control, the risks of fetal macrosomia and perinatal complications are increased in diabetic pregnancies. Adjustments of the umbilical venous (UV) distribution, including increased ductus venosus (DV) shunting, can be important fetal compensatory mechanisms, but the impact of pregestational diabetes on UV and DV flow is not known. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective study, 49 women with pregestational diabetes mellitus underwent monthly ultrasound examinations from gestational week 20 to 36...
May 11, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750653/risk-of-hypoglycemia-in-youth-with-type-2-diabetes-on-insulin
#19
Madhia Shahid, Gabriel Q Shaibi, Hayley Baines, Pamela Garcia-Filion, Zoe Gonzalez-Garcia, Micah Olson
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to ascertain the risk of hypoglycemia among youth with type 2 diabetes (T2D) on insulin therapy. METHODS: Twenty-two youth with T2D on insulin therapy (M=12, F=10, age=14.4±4.0 years) were enrolled from a single pediatric endocrine practice. They were followed-up for 3 months with weekly phone calls and monthly in-person visits to review blood glucose logs and document any signs or symptoms of hypoglycemia (defined as finger stick glucose of ≤70 mg/dL)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744370/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-at-diagnosis-and-during-subsequent-years-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#20
Simona I Chisalita, J Ludvigsson
Background: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) in adolescents is associated with alterations in the insulin-like factor system probably caused both by a deranged metabolism and insulinopenia in the portal vein. Objective: To study how the circulating IGF-1 is affected at diagnosis and during subsequent years in adolescents with T1D. Methods: Ten girls and ten boys with type 1 diabetes (T1D), aged 13.0 ± 1.4 (mean ± SD) years at diagnosis, took part in the study...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
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