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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632394/changes-in-eating-behaviors-of-children-with-obesity-in-response-to-carbohydrate-modified-and-portion-controlled-diets
#1
Shelley Kirk, Jessica G Woo, Bonnie Brehm, Stephen R Daniels, Brian E Saelens
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to determine whether two distinct carbohydrate (CHO)-modified diets and a standard portion-controlled (PC) diet differentially impacted children's eating behaviors and whether eating behavior scores predicted lower BMI among children with obesity. METHODS: Children (n = 102) aged 7-12 years with obesity were randomly assigned to a 12-month intervention of a low-carbohydrate (LC), reduced glycemic load (RGL), or standard PC diet...
June 20, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630037/a-mobile-app-for-the-self-management-of-type-1-diabetes-among-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Shivani Goyal, Caitlin A Nunn, Michael Rotondi, Amy B Couperthwaite, Sally Reiser, Angelo Simone, Debra K Katzman, Joseph A Cafazzo, Mark R Palmert
BACKGROUND: While optimal blood glucose control is known to reduce the long-term complications associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus, adolescents often struggle to achieve their blood glucose targets. However, their strong propensity toward technology presents a unique opportunity for the delivery of novel self-management interventions. To support type 1 diabetes self-management in this population, we developed the diabetes self-management app bant, which included wireless blood glucose reading transfer, out-of-range blood glucose trend alerts, coaching around out-of-range trend causes and fixes, and a point-based incentive system...
June 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628145/-relationship-between-glycemic-control-and-visceral-adiposity-index-among-the-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Y Y Cao, X Tang, K X Sun, Z K Liu, X Xiang, J Juan, J Song, Q Z Duan, D J Zhaxi, Y N Hu, Y F Yang, M Y Shi, Y H Tian, S P Huang, X F Liu, N Li, J Li, T Wu, D F Chen, Y H Hu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between glycemic control and visceral adiposity index (VAI) among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: A community-based epidemiological field study for patients with T2DM aged ≥ 40 years was conducted in China.Every participant underwent physical examinations, biochemical tests of fasting glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and so on, and a questionnaire, including anthropometric characteristics, lifestyle, disease history, family history, and medication use...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627064/effects-of-isoenergetic-quantities-of-a-low-starch-muesli-feed-high-in-fat-and-fibre-vs-oat-grains-on-the-glycemic-and-insulinemic-responses-and-feed-intake-patterns-in-sport-ponies
#4
M Bochnia, C Schürer, J Gottschalk, A Einspanier, D Hillegeist, M Wensch-Dorendorf, J M Greef, M Glatter, A Zeyner
Aim of this study was to compare glycemic and insulinemic responses and feed intake patterns in sport ponies after feeding isoenergetic quantities of low-starch muesli feed high in fat and fibre (FF) or oat grains (OG). Six sport ponies were randomly assigned to one of these two treatment groups for 2 × 3 weeks according to a crossover-design. Ponies received two equal meals/day of either semi-crushed OG (1 g starch/kg bwt*meal(-1) ) or an isoenergetic quantity of FF. Hay was also given in two equal meals/day and provided the remaining metabolisable energy up to 1...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626170/investigating-the-relationship-between-morning-glycemic-variability-and-patient-characteristics-using-continuous-glucose-monitoring-data-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Soichi Takeishi, Akihiro Mori, Miyuka Kawai, Yohei Yoshida, Hiroki Hachiya, Takayuki Yumura, Shun Ito, Takashi Shibuya, Nobutoshi Fushimi, Noritsugu Ohashi, Hiromi Kawai
Objective To investigate the relationship between patient characteristics and morning glycemic variability. Methods We retrospectively evaluated 106 patients with type 2 diabetes who underwent continuous glucose monitoring during admission. The highest postprandial glucose level (within 3 hours after breakfast; 'highest level'), the time from the start of breakfast to the highest postprandial glucose level ('highest time'), the difference between the pre-breakfast and highest postprandial breakfast glucose level ('increase'), the area under the curve (AUC; ≥180 mg/dL) for the glycemic variability within 3 hours after breakfast ('morning AUC'), and the post-breakfast glucose gradient ('gradient') were calculated...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624498/impact-of-glycemic-variability-on-the-occurrence-of-periprocedural-myocardial-infarction-and-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-mace-after-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-stable-angina-pectoris-at-6months-follow-up
#6
Jinggang Xia, Ji Xu, Shaodong Hu, Hengjian Hao, Chunlin Yin, Dong Xu
BACKGROUND: We explored the impact of glycemic variability on the occurrence of periprocedural myocardial infarction and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) after coronary intervention in patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP) at 6months follow-up. METHODS: From May 2015 to April 2016, a total of 746 patients with SAP were divided to high glycemic variability group (H group) (n=261) and low glycemic variability group (L group) (n=485). The primary end point was incidence of periprocedural myocardial infarction and MACE at 6months follow-up...
June 15, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620331/vida1-the-development-and-validation-of-a-new-questionnaire-for-measuring-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#7
Dácil Alvarado-Martel, M Angeles Ruiz Fernández, Maribel Cuadrado Vigaray, Armando Carrillo, Mauro Boronat, Ana Expósito Montesdeoca, Lía Nattero Chávez, Maite Pozuelo Sánchez, Pino López Quevedo, Ana D Santana Suárez, Natalia Hillman, David Subias, Pilar Martin Vaquero, Lourdes Sáez de Ibarra, Didac Mauricio, Pedro de Pablos-Velasco, Francisco J Nóvoa, Ana M Wägner
This study describes the development of a new questionnaire to measure health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with type 1 diabetes (the ViDa1 questionnaire) and provides information on its psychometric properties. For its development, open interviews with patients took place and topics relevant to patients' HRQoL were identified and items were generated. Qualitative analysis of items, expert review, and refinement of the questionnaire followed. A pilot study (N = 150) was conducted to explore the underlying structure of the 40-item ViDa1 questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615381/yogurt-is-a-low-glycemic-index-food
#8
REVIEW
Thomas Ms Wolever
High yogurt intake is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Although several mechanisms could explain this association, this paper addresses the glycemic and insulinemic impact of yogurt. There is evidence that low-glycemic index (GI) and low-glycemic load (GL) diets are associated with a reduced risk of T2DM. The 93 GI values for yogurt in the University of Sydney's GI database have a mean ± SD of 34 ± 13, and 92% of the yogurts are low-GI (≤55). The 43 plain yogurts in the database have a lower GI than the 50 sweetened yogurts, 27 ± 11 compared with 41 ± 11 (P < 0...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615013/short-term-poor-glycemic-control-and-retinal-microvascular-changes-in-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-patients-in-singapore-a-pilot-study
#9
Ling-Jun Li, Ecosse Lamoureux, Tien Yin Wong, Ngee Lek
BACKGROUND: Poor glycemic control in Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) patients is strongly associated with an increased risk of diabetes-related microvascular complications later in life, but it is unclear whether short period of poor glycemic control in children with T1D can cause evident microvascular morphological changes long before any pathological manifestation. Our study aimed to investigate the longitudinal association between poor glycemic control and subsequent changes in retinal microvasculature, in a pilot study of 55 pediatric T1D patients from Singapore after a one-year follow-up...
June 15, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611859/ipragliflozin-improves-glycemic-control-and-decreases-body-fat-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Takehiro Kawata, Takashi Iizuka, Kotaro Iemitsu, Masahiro Takihata, Masahiko Takai, Shigeru Nakajima, Nobuaki Minami, Shinichi Umezawa, Akira Kanamori, Hiroshi Takeda, Shogo Ito, Taisuke Kikuchi, Hikaru Amemiya, Mizuki Kaneshiro, Atsuko Mokubo, Tetsuo Takuma, Hideo Machimura, Keiji Tanaka, Taro Asakura, Akira Kubota, Sachio Aoyanagi, Kazuhiko Hoshino, Masashi Ishikawa, Yoko Matsuzawa, Mitsuo Obana, Nobuo Sasai, Hideaki Kaneshige, Fuyuki Minagawa, Tatsuya Saito, Kazuaki Shinoda, Masaaki Miyakawa, Yasushi Tanaka, Yasuo Terauchi, Ikuro Matsuba
BACKGROUND: Ipragliflozin, a sodium-glucose transporter 2 inhibitor, was administered to patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus for 24 weeks to evaluate its effect on glycemic control and body composition. METHODS: This was an investigator-initiated multicenter prospective intervention study in which ipragliflozin (50 mg) was administered once daily and glycemic control, blood pressure, body weight (BW), body composition (measured by a biological impedance method), the lipid profile, and adverse events were evaluated after 4, 12, and 24 weeks of treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606564/no-influence-of-carbonation-on-glycemic-response-gastric-emptying-and-satiety-of-sweetened-drinks
#11
Evelyn Rou Lin Lau, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of carbonation of sweetened beverages on glycemic response, gastric emptying, and satiety. METHODS: After an overnight fast, 15 healthy individuals (6 women, 9 men) consumed a 500 mL beverage containing 50 g glucose that was noncarbonated (NC), low carbonated (LC), or high carbonated (HC) at a standardized rate of consumption (100 mL/min). Blood glucose was measured at baseline and at 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 min after beverage consumption...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604592/carbohydrates-from-sources-with-a-higher-glycemic-index-during-adolescence-is-evening-rather-than-morning-intake-relevant-for-risk-markers-of-type-2-diabetes-in-young-adulthood
#12
Tanja Diederichs, Christian Herder, Sarah Roßbach, Michael Roden, Stefan A Wudy, Ute Nöthlings, Ute Alexy, Anette E Buyken
This study investigated whether glycemic index (GI) or glycemic load (GL) of morning or evening intake and morning or evening carbohydrate intake from low- or higher-GI food sources (low-GI-CHO, higher-GI-CHO) during adolescence are relevant for risk markers of type 2 diabetes in young adulthood. Methods: Analyses included DOrtmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed (DONALD) study participants who had provided at least two 3-day weighed dietary records (median: 7 records) during adolescence and one blood sample in young adulthood...
June 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601003/finding-the-optimal-volume-and-intensity-of-resistance-training-exercise-for-type-2-diabetes-the-forte-study-a-randomized-trial
#13
Pearl Yang, Walter Swardfager, Daniel Fernandes, Sheila Laredo, George Tomlinson, Paul I Oh, Scott Thomas
AIM: To compare different volumes and intensities of resistance training (RT) combined with aerobic training (AT) for improvements in glycemic control and cardiovascular health for persons with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: Participants with T2DM were stratified by HbA1c and randomized: "usual care" (RT1), which consisted of moderate intensity (50% 1-repetition maximum [1-RM]), low volumeRT (initiated half-way through program); higher intensity (75% 1-RM) and higher volume (initiated at program onset) RT (RT2); or moderate intensity but higher volume RT (RT3)...
May 19, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600309/dulce-digital-an-mhealth-sms-based-intervention-improves-glycemic-control-in-hispanics-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Addie L Fortmann, Linda C Gallo, Maria Isabel Garcia, Mariam Taleb, Johanna A Euyoque, Taylor Clark, Jessica Skidmore, Monica Ruiz, Sapna Dharkar-Surber, James Schultz, Athena Philis-Tsimikas
OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes is growing in epidemic proportions and disproportionately affects lower income, diverse communities. Text messaging may provide one of the most rapid methods to overcome the "digital divide" to improve care. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A randomized, nonblinded, parallel-groups clinical trial design allocated N = 126 low-income, Hispanic participants with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes to receive the Dulce Digital intervention or usual care (UC)...
June 9, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600119/effects-on-diabetes-medications-weight-and-a1c-among-patients-with-obesity-and-diabetes-6-month-observations-from-a-full-meal-replacement-low-calorie-diet-weight-management-program
#15
Judy Y Shiau, Derek Y F So, Robert R Dent
OBJECTIVES: A 6-month weight-management program with full meal replacement, low-calorie diet (full MR-LCD) (900 kcal/day for 6 to 12 weeks) follows a protocol for patients with diabetes for decreasing or discontinuing weight-gaining diabetes medications first (Group WG) and then titrating weight-neutral medications (Group WN). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study (1992 to 2009) of weight, glycemic control and diabetes medications changes in 317 patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes who were taking medications...
June 6, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594657/fitness-moderates-glycemic-responses-to-sitting-and-light-activity-breaks
#16
Matthew McCarthy, Charlotte L Edwardson, Melanie J Davies, Joseph Henson, Danielle H Bodicoat, Kamlesh Khunti, David W Dunstan, James A King, Thomas Yates
PURPOSE: This study aimed to experimentally determine whether cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF) modifies postprandial glycemia during prolonged sitting and investigated the potentially blunting influence this may have upon the benefits of interrupting postprandial sitting time with light activity breaks. METHODS: Thirty-four adults (18female; 16male; mean ± SD age: 40 ± 9years, BMI: 24.5 ± 3kg/m) undertook two 7·5hour experimental conditions in a randomized order: 1) Prolonged sitting; 2) Sitting interspersed with 5min light walking bouts every 30min...
June 8, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591300/risk-factors-for-unstable-blood-glucose-level-integrative-review-of-the-risk-factors-related-to-the-nursing-diagnosis
#17
Andressa Magalhães Teixeira, Rosangela Tsukamoto, Camila Takáo Lopes, Rita de Cassia Gengo E Silva
Objective: to identify evidence in the literature on the possible risk factors for the risk of unstable blood glucose diagnosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to compare them with the risk factors described by NANDA International. Method: an integrative literature review guided by the question: what are the risk factors for unstable blood glucose level in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus? Primary studies were included whose outcomes were variations in glycemic levels, published in English, Portuguese or Spanish, in PubMed or CINAHL between 2010 and 2015...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588183/orlistat-the-lipase-inhibitor-therapy-in-overweight-and-obese-subfertile-women
#18
D Rahman, S M Shahida, T Hussain, A Begum
This experimental study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of orlistat (a pancreatic lipase inhibitor) therapy over lifestyle change on weight reduction and ovulation in overweight and obese subfertile women. It was carried out in Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) Dhaka, Bangladesh from August 2015 to January 2016. Subfertile obese and overweight female patients attending the study centre during study period was considered as study population...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587531/dapagliflozin-for-the-treatment-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Kalliopi Pafili, Efstratios Maltezos, Nikolaos Papanas
In 2017, the management of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) remains intriguing for the clinician, who has to balance between adequate glycemic control and untoward events related to insulin up-titration. Thus, agents that will complement insulin actions and reduce adverse effects are highly welcome. Areas covered: In this review, the authors summarize results from studies on the sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor dapagliflozin in T1DM. Expert opinion: In T1DM, dapagliflozin is associated with significant antihyperglycemic and metabolic properties, which are achieved with reduction or stabilization of insulin dose and with a very low trend for hypoglycemia...
June 12, 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587476/do-the-new-fda-guidance-documents-help-improving-performance-of-blood-glucose-monitoring-systems-compared-with-iso-15197
#20
Guido Freckmann, Annette Baumstark, Stefan Pleus
Recently, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published guidance documents for point-of-care testing (POCT) and over-the-counter (OTC) blood glucose monitoring systems (BGMS). These are expected to improve weaknesses of the already established ISO 15197:2013 standard accuracy evaluation for OTC BGMS; however, the proposed criteria and procedures rather raise new questions. As an example, the OTC guidance stipulates tighter accuracy criteria in the low glycemic range than the POCT guidance for no obvious reason...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
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