Read by QxMD icon Read


Piotr Kurnatowski, Anna Wójcik, Joanna Błaszkowska, Katarzyna Góralska
The pathogenicity of fungi depends on, inter alia, the secretion of hydrolytic enzymes. The aim of this study was to determine the enzymatic activity of yeasts and yeast-like fungi isolated from children’s recreation areas, and compare the results with literature data of strains obtained from patients with mycoses. The enzymatic activity of 96 strains was assessed using an API ZYM kit (bioMerieux, France) and their biotypes were established. The fungal species were found to produce from 16 to 19 hydrolases: the most active were: leucine arylamidase (e5), acid phosphatase (e10), alkaline phosphatase (e1), naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase (e11), esterase – C4 (e2), β-galac - tosidase (e13) and β-glucosidase (e16)...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
T Didbaridze, L Saginashvili, L Akhmeteli, B Iremashvili, N Gogokhia
This study provides a contemporary epidemiology of aspirates taken during surgery from the abdominal cavity among patients with bacterial peritonitis to identify the isolates and study their sensitivity to antibiotics. Our bacteriology investigations included isolation of poor cultures, and detection of microbes was conducted using a rapid identification system (API20E, API Staph, API Strep, API Ana, BioMerieux). Rapid tests for detection of oxidase and catalase activity were also used. Susceptibility of microorganisms to antibiotics was defined by the disc-diffusion method using standard discs (EUCAST guidelines 2015) according to Clinical Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) protocols (ATB strips: ATB G, ATB Staph, ATBANA, ATBPse, ATBStrep...
September 2016: Georgian Medical News
Orsolya Benedek, Andreas Podbielski, Philipp Warnke
BACKGROUND: Chemiluminescent or enzyme-linked fluorescent immunoassays are commonly used to diagnose Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea. METHODS: The LIAISON analyzer (DiaSorin, Italy) was compared to miniVIDAS (bioMérieux, France) and, furthermore, to culture of toxigenic strains. In total, 249 native stool samples were analyzed. Sensitivities, specificities, and positive and negative predictive values were investigated. Furthermore, performance under routine conditions was assessed...
September 29, 2016: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
Aurélie Smets, Thomas Fauchier, Grégory Michel, Pierre Marty, Christelle Pomares
A maternal Toxoplasma gondii infection during pregnancy is a risk for congenital infection through maternal-fetal transplacental transmission. Estimation of the date of infection is of the utmost importance for management and treatment recommendations. In this setting, IgG avidity has been shown to be useful as high avidity rules out an infection dating less than 4 months. The estimated date of infection can also be obtained by the ratio of T. gondii IgG titers measured by the Vidas (bioMérieux) assay versus T...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
Belén Rodríguez-Sánchez, Luis Alcalá, Mercedes Marín, Adrián Ruiz, Elena Alonso, Emilio Bouza
Information regarding the use of MALDI-TOF MS as an alternative to conventional laboratory methods for the rapid and reliable identification of bacterial isolates is still limited. In this study, MALDI-TOF MS was evaluated on 295 anaerobic isolates previously identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and with biochemical tests (Rapid ID 32A system, BioMérieux). In total, 85.8% of the isolates were identified by MALDI-TOF MS at the species level vs 49.8% using the Rapid ID 32A system (p < 0.0001). None of the isolates was discordantly identified at the genus level using MALDI-TOF MS and only 9 of them could not be identified using the method...
October 1, 2016: Anaerobe
Serap Süzük, Banu Kaşkatepe, Mustafa Çetin
The viridans group Streptococci (VGS) are most abundant in the mouth; in some instances they might emerge as pathogens particularly in infective endocarditis (IE). In this study, we aimed to define and determine the susceptibility against antibiotics of VGS that are members of the oral microbiota of patients exhibiting a risk of developing IE. Forty-nine patients at risk of infective endocarditis were included in the study. Identification of the bacteria was performed using API STREP (bioMérieux, France). Gradient test strips (E-Test, France) were used to determine MIC of the bacteria against penicillin, ampicillin, and vancomycin...
September 1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Eleanor A Powell, Joel E Mortensen
The BioMerieux NucliSENS easyMAG total nucleic acid extractor was evaluated for use on bacterial isolates in the clinical microbiology laboratory. Forty eight isolates were extracted, yielding quantifiable amounts of DNA for all isolates. The easyMAG is appropriate for DNA extraction from bacterial isolates and will be incorporated in the clinical laboratory.
2016: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Mona Wassef, Doaa Ghaith, Rana M A Abdella, Mohamed Kamel
BACKGROUND: Prenatal screening for group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization can reduce the incidence of neonatal GBS infections. We aimed to improve the screening-based approach of GBS in a limited resources antenatal care clinic by using Strep B Granada™ Biphasic Broth. METHODS: This study included 80 pregnant women between 35 and 37 weeks of gestation, who attended the antenatal care clinic of Kasr El-Aini University Hospital from November 2013 to January 2014...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Itziar Angulo López, Jorge Calvo Montes, Mar Justel Álvarez, Carlos Fernández Mazarrasa, Luis Martínez-Martínez
Vitek® 2 (bioMérieux) is a widely used commercial antimicrobial susceptibility test (AST) system. AST-N244 card includes cephalothin as first-generation cephalosporin. We compared the cephalothin susceptibility results obtained with Vitek® 2 AST-N244 to those obtained by broth microdilution (BMD) and disk diffusion (DD) for 212 urinary Enterobacteriaceae. We also evaluated the differences between cefazolin and cephalothin susceptibility results. The overall performance of Vitek® 2 for cephalothin testing was 74...
August 26, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Grażyna Sygitowicz, Mariusz Tomaniak, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Łukasz Kołtowski, Dariusz Sitkiewicz
BACKGROUND: Galectin-3 (Gal-3) as a biomarker of fibrosis and inflammation has been implicated in the development and progression of heart failure (HF) and may predict increased morbidity and mortality in society. OBJECTIVES: In this preliminary report we investigated the utility of a novel serum marker for the diagnosis of acute HF (AHF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 14 AHF patients aged 67.0 ± 14.6 yrs. with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) 29...
July 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
V La Fauci, R Riso, A Facciolà, V Merlina, R Squeri
BACKGROUND: Healthcare associated infections are an important threat of Public Health. Several studies investigated the possible role played by the hospital environment in the transmission of nosocomial pathogens. In addition to the "classic" nosocomial surfaces, some researches focused their attention on "alternative" surfaces. Little is known about the protective lead garments used in operating rooms. STUDY DESIGN: This study was conducted in three phases to investigate the microbiological contamination and the normal use of these garments...
September 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Hae-Sun Chung, Miae Lee
Rapid and accurate diagnosis of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is crucial for patient care, infection control, and efficient surveillance. We evaluated C. DIFF QUIK CHEK COMPLETE (QCC; TechLab), which detects glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) antigen (QCC-Ag) and toxin A/B (QCC-Tox) simultaneously, and compared it to the laboratory diagnostics for CDI currently in use in a tertiary hospital setting with a high prevalence of CDI. QCC, RIDASCREEN C. difficile toxin A/B assay (Toxin EIA; R-Biopharm AG), chromID C...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
Wen-Bin Lee, Chien-Yu Fu, Wen-Hsin Chang, Huey-Ling You, Chih-Hung Wang, Mel S Lee, Gwo-Bin Lee
Bacterial resistance to antimicrobial compounds is increasing at a faster rate than the development of new antibiotics; this represents a critical challenge for clinicians worldwide. Normally, the minimum inhibitory concentration of an antibiotic, the dosage at which bacterial growth is thwarted, provides an effective quantitative measure for antimicrobial susceptibility testing, and determination of minimum inhibitory concentration is conventionally performed by either a serial broth dilution method or with the commercially available Etest(®) (Biomerieux, France) kit...
September 3, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Lenka Necidova, Katerina Bogdanovicova, Danka Harustiakova, Katerina Bartova
Our aim was to assess the effect of pasteurization temperature on inactivation of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SE). Milk samples were inoculated with log 4.38 to 5.18 cfu/mL of 40 different Staphylococcus aureus strains having the ability to produce types A, B, or C SE and incubated at 37°C for 24 h to develop SE. This incubation was followed by heat treatment for 15 s at 72, 85, and 92°C. Samples were analyzed for Staph. aureus count by plate method and, specifically, for SE presence. An enzyme-linked immunofluorescent assay on a MiniVIDAS analyzer (bioMérieux, Marcy l'Étoile, France) was used to detect SE, which were determined semiquantitatively based on test values...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
J Lourtet-Hascoët, A Bicart-See, M P Félicé, G Giordano, E Bonnet
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) due to Staphylococcus lugdunensis and to compare these to the characteristics of PJI due to Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. METHODS: A retrospective multicentre study including all consecutive cases of S. lugdunensis PJI (2000-2014) was performed. Eighty-eight cases of staphylococcal PJI were recorded: 28 due to S. lugdunensis, 30 to S...
September 5, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Hagen Frickmann, Dorothea Wiemer, Claudia Frey, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Rebecca Hinz, Andreas Podbielski, Thomas Köller, Philipp Warnke
This assessment describes the enteric colonization of German soldiers 8-12 weeks after returning from mostly but not exclusively subtropical or tropical deployment sites with third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Between 2007 and 2015, 828 stool samples from returning soldiers were enriched in nonselective broth and incubated on selective agars for Enterobacteriaceae expressing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL), VRE and MRSA...
2016: PloS One
Melanie L Yarbrough, Meghan A Wallace, Cynthia Marshall, Erin Mathias, C A Burnham
Urine is among the most common specimen type submitted to the clinical microbiology laboratory; the use of chromogenic agar is one method by which the laboratory might expedite culture results and reduce hands-on time and materials required for urine culture analysis. The objective of our study was to compare chromID CPS Elite (bioMérieux), a chromogenic medium, to conventional primary culture medium for evaluation of urine specimens. Remnant urine specimens (n=200) were inoculated to conventional media and to chromID CPS Elite agar (chromID)...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Jungwon Hyun, Dae Hyun Ko, Hee Jung Kang, Dong Hee Whang, Young Joo Cha, Hyun Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Anti-hepatitis C virus antibody (anti-HCV) assays are recommended for screening HCV-infected persons. The VIDAS Anti-HCV Assay (bioMérieux, France), based on the enzyme-linked fluorescence test principle, was recently introduced in Korea. We evaluated the clinical performance of the VIDAS assay. METHODS: One hundred HCV-positive and 1,002 HCV-negative blood samples confirmed by Architect anti-HCV (Abbott Laboratories, USA) and COBAS TaqMan HCV real-time PCR (Roche Diagnostics, USA) or the Procleix Ultrio Plus Assay (Gen-Probe Incorporated, USA) were obtained from the Human Serum Bank (HSB) and tested by VIDAS...
November 2016: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
Gi Su Kang, Yung Hee Jung, Hwa Su Kim, Yeong Seon Lee, Chan Park, Kwang Jun Lee, Jeong Ok Cha
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are important pathogens causing nosocomial infections in Korean hospitals. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological and genetic diversity of clinical S. aureus isolates in healthcare settings from 2001 to 2008. METHODS: Samples and data were obtained from 986 individuals as part of the National Antimicrobial Surveillance Project, involving 10 regions nationwide. Molecular typing studies, including multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing were performed, and a representative clone of Korean MRSA was classified by combinational grouping using a DiversiLab (DL; bioMérieux, France) repetitive element polymerase chain reaction (rep-PCR) system...
November 2016: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
Kassu Desta, Yimtubezinash Woldeamanuel, Aklilu Azazh, Halima Mohammod, Dawit Desalegn, Damte Shimelis, Dereje Gulilat, Biruk Lamisso, Eyasu Makonnen, Alemayehu Worku, Kerstin Mannerqvist, Johan Struwe, Olov Aspevall, Eleni Aklillu
We investigated the gastrointestinal colonization rate and antibiotic resistance patterns of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL)- producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in hospitalized patients admitted at Ethiopia's largest tertiary hospital. Fecal samples/swabs from 267 patients were cultured on chrome agar. ESBL. Bacterial species identification, verification of ESBL production and antibiotic susceptibility testing were done using Vitek 2 system (bioMérieux, France). Phenotype characterization of ESBL-E...
2016: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"