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Nis Pedersen Jørgensen, Rikke L Meyer, Rikke Meyer, Frederik Dagnæs-Hansen, Kurt Fuursted, Eskild Petersen
Bacterial biofilms causing implant-associated osteomyelitis is a severe complication with limited antimicrobial therapy options. We designed an animal model, in which implant associated osteomyelitis arise from a Staphylococcus aureus biofilm on a tibia implant. Two bioluminescently engineered (luxA-E transformed), strains of S. aureus were utilized, Xen29 and Xen31. Biofilm formation was assessed with epifluorescence microscopy. Quantitative measurements were performed day 4, 6, 8, 11 and 15 post-surgery. Bacteria were extracted from the biofilm by sonication and the bacterial load quantified by culturing...
2014: PloS One
Richard Harang, Guillaume Bonnet, Linda R Petzold
BACKGROUND: Wavelets have proven to be a powerful technique for the analysis of periodic data, such as those that arise in the analysis of circadian oscillators. While many implementations of both continuous and discrete wavelet transforms are available, we are aware of no software that has been designed with the nontechnical end-user in mind. By developing a toolkit that makes these analyses accessible to end users without significant programming experience, we hope to promote the more widespread use of wavelet analysis...
2012: BMC Research Notes
Salam Ibrahim, Mazell Tetruashvily, Alex J Frey, Stephen J Wilson, Jeremiah Stitham, John Hwa, Emer M Smyth
OBJECTIVE: Prostacyclin and thromboxane mediate opposing cardiovascular effects through their receptors, the prostacyclin receptor (IP) and thromboxane receptor (TP). Individuals heterozygous for an IP variant, IP(R212C), displayed exaggerated loss of platelet IP responsiveness and accelerated cardiovascular disease. We examined association of IP(R212C) into homo- and heterodimeric receptor complexes and the impact on prostacyclin and thromboxane biology. METHODS AND RESULTS: Dimerization of the IP, IP(R212C), and TPalpha was examined by bioluminesence resonance energy transfer in transfected HEK293 cells...
September 2010: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Dangxiao Cheng, Chuen Lo, Michael V Sefton
Bioluminescent imaging was used to track the viability of luciferase transfected L929 cells in poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate) (HEMA-MMA) microcapsules. Bioluminescence, as determined by Xenogen imaging after addition of luciferin to microcapsules in vitro, increased with time, consistent with an increase in cell number. Capsules were suspended in Matrigel and injected subcutaneously. The bioluminesence in vivo increased over the first 3 weeks and then decreased, both with and without the delivery of mVEGF(164) (1...
November 2008: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
D Lee Gorden, Barbara Fingleton, Howard C Crawford, Duco E Jansen, Martin Lepage, Lynn M Matrisian
Colorectal cancer, the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States, has a high probability of metastasizing to the liver. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc dependent endopeptidases that are implicated in cancer metastasis and many aspects of tumor progression. Using a splenic injection experimental metastasis model, mice that are genetically deficient in MMP-9 demonstrated a nearly 2-fold decrease in liver weight compared with wild type (WT) mice following injection with MC38 syngeneic colorectal cancer cells...
August 1, 2007: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Hilla Shemer, Karl G Linden
Decay kinetics resulting from the application of UV and UV/H(2)O(2) to the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) fluorene, dibenzofuran and dibenzothiophene was studied. Batch experiments were conducted with both low-pressure monochromatic (253.7nm) and medium pressure polychromatic (200-300nm) UV sources alone or in the presence of up to 25mg/L hydrogen peroxide, in a quasi-collimated beam apparatus. Degradation of all three PAHs, by both UV and UV/H(2)O(2), exhibited pseudo-first-order reaction kinetics and low quantum yields ranging from 1...
February 2007: Water Research
Masaki Nogawa, Takeshi Yuasa, Shinya Kimura, Junya Kuroda, Kiyoshi Sato, Hidekazu Segawa, Asumi Yokota, Taira Maekawa
Cancer metastasis is infrequently evaluated in vivo, probably because of the few available models and the technical challenges associated with the detection of metastases. Here we show that the growth and metastases of HT1080 fibrosarcoma, A549 lung adenocarcinoma, and RENCA murine renal cancer cell lines in five different in vivo models can be successfully monitored by labeling the cells with luciferase prior to their implantation and then detecting their bioluminesence after injecting luciferin. We also used this in vivo imaging system to successfully demonstrate that YM529, a third generation bisphosphonate, inhibited the growth of sarcoma metastases in bone...
January 20, 2005: Cancer Letters
D M Sitnikov, J B Schineller, T O Baldwin
The phenomenon of cell-density-dependent control of gene expression, called autoinduction, has long been a subject of interest and investigation in bioluminescent marine bacteria. It is now becoming clear that many other bacteria, including animal and plant pathogens, use an autoinduction mechanism to regulate a variety of functions. Cell-density-dependent gene expression provides an excellent example of multicellular behaviour in the prokaryotic kingdom where a single cell is able to communicate and sense when a minimal population unit, a 'quorum' of bacteria, is achieved in order for certain behaviour of the population to be performed efficiently...
September 1995: Molecular Microbiology
P Williams, N J Bainton, S Swift, S R Chhabra, M K Winson, G S Stewart, G P Salmond, B W Bycroft
Sophisticated signal transduction systems enable prokaryotes to sense their growth environment and mount an appropriate adaptive response. Signal transduction and gene regulation through the phosphorylation of two regulatory components is now recognised as one of the major global regulatory networks in bacteria. However, not all types of sensor-regulator circuits relay information via phosphoryl transfer. The Vibrio fischeri LuxR protein which has previously been characterised as a member of the response-regulator superfamily responds to a small diffusible signal molecule N-(3-oxohexanoyl)homoserine lactone (HSL)...
December 15, 1992: FEMS Microbiology Letters
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