Read by QxMD icon Read


Francisca Gleire R Menezes, Wescley E Barbosa, Lorrana S Vasconcelos, Rafael S Rocha, Rodrigo Maggioni, Oscarina V Sousa, Ernesto Hofer, Regine H S F Vieira
Vibrio coralliilyticus is a known pathogen to corals and larvae of bivalves. Its identification is made based on phenotypic and genotypic characters of isolated strains. To evaluate the efficiency of the phenotypic identification, 21 strains identified as V. coralliilyticus using a widely used dichotomous key were analyzed by qualitative PCR and sequencing of the 16S rDNA region. The results obtained by the behavioral test, amino acids usage, allow us to distinguish 3 A/L/O profiles: (1) A+/L-/O+; (2) A+/L+/O+; and (3) A-/L+/O+...
March 22, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
A Shore-Maggio, G S Aeby, S M Callahan
Environmental cofactors alter host-pathogen interactions and influence disease dynamics by impairing host resistance and/or increasing pathogen virulence. Terrestrial runoff is recognized as a major threat to coral reef health. However, the direct links between runoff and coral disease are not clear. Montipora white syndrome (MWS) is a coral disease that occurs in the Hawaiian archipelago, can be caused by various bacterial pathogens, including Vibrio species, and is linked to conditions associated with heavy rainfall and runoff...
March 22, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Patrizia Serratore, Emanuele Zavatta, Eleonora Fiocchi, Emanuele Serafini, Andrea Serraino, Federica Giacometti, Giorgia Bignami
V. vulnificus is a Gram-negative bacterium, commonly found in estuarine and coastal habitats, that can infect humans through seafood consumption or wound exposure. This study represents the first attempt to correlate the genotype of Vibrio vulnificus strains isolated in the north-western Adriatic Sea coastal area, with their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. On the whole, 40 V. vulnificus strains, isolated from shellfish (n=20), different coastal water bodies (n=19), and the blood of a Carretta carretta turtle (n=1), were utilized...
October 20, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
Hyun J Yu, Da S R Cha, Dong-Hun Shin, Gopinath B Nair, Eun J Kim, Dong W Kim
Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae strains arise upon infection and integration of the lysogenic cholera toxin phage, the CTX phage, into bacterial chromosomes. The V. cholerae serogroup O1 strains identified to date can be broadly categorized into three main groups: the classical biotype strains, which harbor CTX-cla; the prototype El Tor strains (Wave 1 strains), which harbor CTX-1; and the atypical El Tor strains, which harbor CTX-2 (Wave 2 strains) or CTX-3~6 (Wave 3 strains). The efficiencies of replication and transmission of CTX phages are similar, suggesting the possibility of existence of more diverse bacterial strains harboring various CTX phages and their arrays in nature...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Christoph Jans, Eleonora Sarno, Lucie Collineau, Leo Meile, Katharina D C Stärk, Roger Stephan
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacteria is an increasing health concern. The spread of AMR bacteria (AMRB) between animals and humans via the food chain and the exchange of AMR genes requires holistic approaches for risk mitigation. The AMRB exposure of humans via food is currently only poorly understood leaving an important gap for intervention design. Method: This study aimed to assess AMRB prevalence in retail food and subsequent exposure of Swiss consumers in a systematic literature review of data published between 1996 and 2016 covering the Swiss agriculture sector and relevant imported food...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Xiujuan Zhou, Jing Xing, Xiaoqian Tang, Wenbin Zhan
Outer membrane protein (Omp) K, OmpR and VAA have been identified with good immunogenicity from Vibrio anguillarum, and their recombinant proteins showed variable relative percent survival (RPS) in previous study. In order to develop effective bivalent vaccine candidates, recombinant (r) VAA + rOmpK (AK), rVAA + rOmpR (AR), rOmpK + rOmpR (KR) among VAA, OmpK and OmpR, or formalin-killed cells (FKC) of V. anguillarum were immunized in flounder, respectively. Results revealed that AK, AR, KR and FKC could induce the proliferation of surface membrane immunoglobulin-positive B lymphocytes or CD3+ T lymphocytes in peripheral blood lymphocytes, and significantly enhance the total antibodies, specific antibodies and immune-related gene than those of control group...
March 17, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Nuria Vela, May Calín, María J Yáñez-Gascón, Isabel Garrido, Gabriel Pérez-Lucas, José Fenoll, Simón Navarro
Endocrine disruptors (EDs) are xenobiotics that interfere with the synthesis, secretion, transport, binding, action, and elimination of the natural hormones. In this paper, the photodegradation of six EDs in municipal wastewater treatment plant effluents at pilot plant scale is reported. The EDs were bisphenol A, bisphenol B, diamyl phthalate, butyl benzylphthalate, methyl p-hydroxybenzoate, and ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate. ZnO as photocatalyst in tandem with Na2 S2 O8 as electron acceptor under natural sunlight were used...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Feng Yang, Yonggen Jiang, Lihua Yang, Juanxiu Qin, Mingquan Guo, Yuxia Lu, Hongyou Chen, Yuan Zhuang, Jinghao Zhang, Hong Zhang, Zhaoyun Dai, Min Li, Changqing Yang, Min Chen, Yanmei Zhang, Hu Zhao
Objective: To investigate prevalence of acute diarrhea in Shanghai and analyze virulence associated-genes and antibiotic resistance of major enteropathogens using combination of conventional and molecular epidemiology methods. Method: The 412 stool specimens were obtained by systematic sampling from diarrhea patients throughout entire year 2016. Bacterial and viral pathogens were identified and bacterial isolates were cultured and screened for antibiotic resistance profiles. Two most prevalent bacteria, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Salmonella were further typed by multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) and analyzed for presence of virulence-associated genes...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Ying Huang, Keke Han, Qian Ren
Toll receptors are involved in innate immunity of invertebrates. In this study, we identify and characterize two Toll genes (named HcToll4 and HcToll5 ) from triangle sail mussel Hyriopsis cumingii. HcToll4 has complete cDNA sequence of 3,162 bp and encodes a protein of 909 amino acids. HcToll5 cDNA is 4,501 bp in length and encodes a protein of 924 amino acids. Both deduced HcToll4 and HcToll5 protein contain signal peptide, extracellular leucine rich repeats (LRRs), and intracellular Toll/interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor domains...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Jacqueline Corbitt, Jun Seok Yeo, C Ian Davis, Michele LeRoux, Paul A Wiggins
The Type VI Secretion System (T6SS) inhibits growth of neighboring bacterial cells through a contact-mediated mechanism. We describe a detailed characterization of the protein localization dynamics in the Pseudomonas aeruginosa T6SS. It has been proposed that Type VI secretion process is driven by a conformational-change induced contraction of the T6SS sheath. However, although the contraction of an optically resolvable TssBC sheath and the subsequent localization of ClpV are observed in Vibrio cholerae , coordinated assembly and disassembly of TssB and ClpV are observed without TssB contraction in P...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Blake Ushijima, Claudia C Häse
Chemotaxis, the directed movement towards or away from a chemical signal, can be essential to bacterial pathogens for locating hosts or avoiding hostile environments. The coral pathogen Vibrio coralliilyticus chemotaxes towards coral mucus; however, chemotaxis has not been experimentally demonstrated to be important for virulence. To further examine this, in-frame mutations were constructed in genes predicted to be important for V. coralliilyticus chemotaxis. Most Vibrio genomes encode multiple homologs of various chemotaxis-related genes and two paralogs of each for cheB , cheR , and cheA were identified...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Suneeta Chimalapati, Marcela de Souza Santos, Kelly Servage, Nicole J De Nisco, Ankur B Dalia, Kim Orth
The Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio parahaemolyticus is an opportunistic human pathogen and the leading cause of seafood borne acute gastroenteritis worldwide. Recently, this bacterium was implicated as the etiologic agent of a severe shrimp disease with consequent devastating outcomes to shrimp farming. In both cases, acquisition of genetic material via horizontal transfer provided V. parahaemolyticus with new virulence tools to cause disease. Dissecting the molecular mechanisms of V. parahaemolyticus pathogenesis often requires manipulating its genome...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Sophie Brameyer, Laure Plener, Axel Müller, Andreas Klingl, Gerhard Wanner, Kirsten Jung
Many bacteria use extracellular signaling molecules to coordinate group behavior, a process referred to as quorum sensing (QS). However, some QS molecules are hydrophobic in character and are probably unable to diffuse across the bacterial cell envelope. How these molecules are disseminated between bacterial cells within a population is not yet fully understood. Here we show that the marine pathogen Vibrio harveyi packages the hydrophobic QS molecule CAI-1, a long-chain amino ketone, into outer membrane vesicles...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Mark J Mandel
Work from Jones, Stabb, et al. describes a D-aspartate sensing system in Proteobacteria. D-amino acids are critical components of peptidoglycan and other structures. The new study identifies the LysR-type transcriptional regulator, DarR, which activates the aspartate racemase RacD. Overexpression of RacD enables it to synthesize D-glutamate and restore normal peptidoglycan in a Vibrio fischeri murI mutant. This study contributes to emerging roles for D-amino acids and how they are synthesized under distinct conditions...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Huei-Mien Ke, Dang Liu, Yoshitoshi Ogura, Tetsuya Hayashi, Henryk Urbanczyk, Isheng J Tsai
The mechanism of bacterial speciation remains a topic of tremendous interest. To understand the ecological and evolutionary mechanisms of speciation in Vibrio bacteria, we analyzed the genomic dissimilarities between three closely related species in the so-called Harveyi clade of the genus Vibrio : V. campbellii , V. jasicida and V. hyugaensis The analysis focused on strains isolated from diverse geographic locations, over a long period of time. Results of phylogenetic analyses and calculations of average nucleotide identities (ANI) supported classification of V...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Yong Liu, Lijian Ding, Fang Fang, Shan He
One novel 7-membered lactone derivative, penicillilactone A (1), together with two known compounds, rugulosin A (2) and rugulosin (3) were isolated from the sponge-derived fungus Penicillium sp. LS54. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and comparison with literature data. Remarkably, penicillilactone A (1) is the first natural product containing a 7-membered lactone ring fused with a furan core. Penicillilactone A (1) exhibited moderate antibacterial activity against aquatic pathogen Vibrio harveyi with an MIC value of 8 μg/mL...
March 19, 2018: Natural Product Research
Woo-Ri Shin, Simranjeet Singh Sekhon, Sung-Keun Rhee, Jung Ho Ko, Ji-Young Ahn, Jiho Min, Yang-Hoon Kim
Aptamer-based paper strip sensor for detecting Vibrio fischeri was developed. Our method was based on the aptamer sandwich assay between whole live cells, V. fischeri and DNA aptamer probes. Following 9 rounds of Cell-SELEX and one of the negative-SELEX, V. fischeri Cell Aptamer (VFCA)-02 and -03 were isolated, with the former showing approximately 10-fold greater avidity (in the sub-nanomolar range) for the target cells when arrayed on a surface. The colorimetric response of a paper sensor based on VFCA-02 was linear in the range of 4 × 101 to 4 × 105 CFU/mL of target cell by using scanning reader...
March 19, 2018: ACS Combinatorial Science
Pakpoom Boonchuen, Phattarunda Jaree, Anchalee Tassanakajon, Kunlaya Somboonwiwat
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease, AHPND, caused by a specific strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VPAHPND ), results in great loss of global shrimp production. Despite this, studies on shrimp defense mechanisms protecting against AHPND are few. In this study, suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) was performed to identify differentially expressed genes from white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei hepatopancreas upon VPAHPND infection at the early stages: 3 and 6 h post challenge and in the late stage at 48 h post challenge...
March 15, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Xiujuan Kong, Zihao Wu, Ziran Ren, Kaiheng Guo, Shaodong Hou, Zhechao Hua, Xuchun Li, Jingyun Fang
Degradation of three lipid regulators, i.e., gemfibrozil, bezafibrate and clofibric acid, by a UV/chlorine treatment was systematically investigated. The chlorine oxide radical (ClO• ) played an important role in the degradation of gemfibrozil and bezafibrate with second-order rate constants of 4.2 (±0.3) × 108  M-1  s-1 and 3.6 (±0.1) × 107  M-1  s-1 , respectively, whereas UV photolysis and the hydroxyl radical (HO• ) mainly contributed to the degradation of clofibric acid. The first-order rate constants (k') for the degradation of gemfibrozil and bezafibrate increased linearly with increasing chlorine dosage, primarily due to the linear increase in the ClO• concentration...
March 6, 2018: Water Research
Firdausi Qadri, Mohammad Ali, Julia Lynch, Fahima Chowdhury, Ashraful Islam Khan, Thomas F Wierzba, Jean-Louis Excler, Amit Saha, Md Taufiqul Islam, Yasmin A Begum, Taufiqur R Bhuiyan, Farhana Khanam, Mohiul I Chowdhury, Iqbal Ansary Khan, Alamgir Kabir, Baizid Khoorshid Riaz, Afroza Akter, Arifuzzaman Khan, Muhammad Asaduzzaman, Deok Ryun Kim, Ashraf U Siddik, Nirod C Saha, Alejandro Cravioto, Ajit P Singh, John D Clemens
BACKGROUND: A single-dose regimen of inactivated whole-cell oral cholera vaccine (OCV) is attractive because it reduces logistical challenges for vaccination and could enable more people to be vaccinated. Previously, we reported the efficacy of a single dose of an OCV vaccine during the 6 months following dosing. Herein, we report the results of 2 years of follow-up. METHODS: In this placebo-controlled, double-blind trial done in Dhaka, Bangladesh, individuals aged 1 year or older with no history of receipt of OCV were randomly assigned to receive a single dose of inactivated OCV or oral placebo...
March 14, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"