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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342949/characterization-of-a-novel-alginate-lyase-from-marine-bacterium-vibrio-furnissii-h1
#1
Xiaoyan Zhu, Xiangqian Li, Hao Shi, Jia Zhou, Zhongbiao Tan, Mengdi Yuan, Peng Yao, Xiaoyan Liu
Alginate lyases show great potential for industrial and medicinal applications, especially as an attractive biocatalyst for the production of oligosaccharides with special bioactivities. A novel alginate lyase, AlyH1, from the marine bacterium Vibrio furnissii H1, which has been newly isolated from rotten seaweed, was purified and characterized. The purified enzyme showed the specific activity of 2.40 U/mg. Its molecular mass was 35.8 kDa. The optimal temperature and pH were 40 °C and pH 7.5, respectively...
January 15, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339417/repression-of-vvpm-protease-expression-by-quorum-sensing-and-the-camp-crp-complex-in-vibrio-vulnificus
#2
Jeong-A Kim, Mi-Ae Lee, You-Chul Jung, Bo-Ram Jang, Kyu-Ho Lee
Septicemia-causing Vibrio vulnificus produces at least three exoproteases, VvpE, VvpS and VvpM, all of which participate in interactions with human cells. Expression of VvpE and VvpS is induced in the stationary phase by multiple transcription factors including Sigma S, SmcR, and cAMP-CRP complex. Distinct roles of VvpM, such as induction of apoptosis, lead us to hypothesize VvpM expression is different from that of the other exoproteases. Its transcription, which was found to be independent of Sigma S, is induced at the early exponential phase and then became negligible upon entry into the stationary phase...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339067/molecular-characterization-and-function-of-%C3%AE-n-acetylglucosaminidase-from-ridgetail-white-prawn-exopalaemon-carinicauda
#3
Yuying Sun, Jiquan Zhang, Jianhai Xiang
Chitin degradation is catalyzed by a two-component chitinolytic enzyme system, chitinase and β-N-acetylglucosaminidase (NAGase). In this paper, the full-length cDNA sequence encoding NAGase (EcNAG) was obtained from Exopalaemon carinicauda. The deduced amino acid sequence of EcNAG open reading frame (ORF) contained one Glycohydro_20b2 domain and one Glyco_hydro_20 domain. Based on the cDNA sequence, the genomic structure of EcNAG was characterized and it was composed of six exons and five introns. EcNAG mRNA majorly expressed in the hepatopancreas and epidermis...
January 12, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338888/vibrio-communities-in-scleractinian-corals-differ-according-to-health-status-and-geographic-location-in-the-mediterranean-sea
#4
Esther Rubio-Portillo, Juan F Gago, Manuel Martínez-García, Luigi Vezzulli, Ramon Rosselló-Móra, Josefa Antón, Alfonso A Ramos-Esplá
The increase in seawater temperature associated with global warming is a significant threat to coral health and is linked to increasing mass mortality events and Vibrio-related coral diseases. In the Mediterranean Sea, the endemic Cladocora caespitosa and the invasive species Oculina patagonica are the main scleractinian corals affected by mass mortalities. In this study, culturable Vibrio spp. assemblages associated with healthy and unhealthy colonies of these two shallow coral species were characterized to assess the presence of Vibrio pathogens in tissue necrosis...
December 21, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338666/boosted-tca-cycle-enhances-survival-of-zebrafish-to-vibrio-alginolyticus-infection
#5
Man-Jun Yang, Zhi-Xue Cheng, Ming Jiang, Zao-Hai Zeng, Bo Peng, Xuan-Xian Peng, Hui Li
Vibrio alginolyticus is a waterborne pathogen that infects a wide variety of hosts including fish and human, and the outbreak of this pathogen can cause a huge economic loss in aquaculture. Thus, enhancing host's capability to survive from V. alginolyticus infection is key to fighting infection and this remains still unexplored. In the present study, we established a V. alginolyticus-zebrafish interaction model by which we explored how zebrafish survived from V. alginolyticus infection. We used GC-MS based metabolomic approaches to characterize differential metabolomes between survival and dying zebrafish upon infection...
January 17, 2018: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337853/specific-molecular-signatures-for-type-ii-crustins-in-penaeid-shrimp-uncovered-by-the-identification-of-crustin-like-antimicrobial-peptides-in-litopenaeus-vannamei
#6
Cairé Barreto, Jaqueline da Rosa Coelho, Jianbo Yuan, Jianhai Xiang, Luciane Maria Perazzolo, Rafael Diego Rosa
Crustins form a large family of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in crustaceans composed of four sub-groups (Types I-IV). Type II crustins (Type IIa or "Crustins" and Type IIb or "Crustin-like") possess a typical hydrophobic N-terminal region and are by far the most representative sub-group found in penaeid shrimp. To gain insight into the molecular diversity of Type II crustins in penaeids, we identified and characterized a Type IIb crustin in Litopenaeus vannamei (Crustin-like Lv) and compared Type II crustins at both molecular and transcriptional levels...
January 16, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337313/complete-genome-sequencing-of-the-luminescent-bacterium-vibrio-qinghaiensis-sp-q67-using-pacbio-technology
#7
Liang Gong, Yu Wu, Qijie Jian, Chunxiao Yin, Taotao Li, Vijai Kumar Gupta, Xuewu Duan, Yueming Jiang
Vibrio qinghaiensis sp.-Q67 (Vqin-Q67) is a freshwater luminescent bacterium that continuously emits blue-green light (485 nm). The bacterium has been widely used for detecting toxic contaminants. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of Vqin-Q67, obtained using third-generation PacBio sequencing technology. Continuous long reads were attained from three PacBio sequencing runs and reads >500 bp with a quality value of >0.75 were merged together into a single dataset. This resultant highly-contiguous de novo assembly has no genome gaps, and comprises two chromosomes with substantial genetic information, including protein-coding genes, non-coding RNA, transposon and gene islands...
January 16, 2018: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337246/tlr3-gene-in-japanese-sea-perch-lateolabrax-japonicus-molecular-cloning-characterization-and-expression-analysis-after-bacterial-infection
#8
Pengfei Wang, Chao Zhao, Chengyang Wang, Sigang Fan, Lulu Yan, Lihua Qiu
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play important roles in fish innate immune and are involved in the defense process of bacteria invasion. In the present study, the full-length cDNA of TLR3 from the sea perch, Lateolabrax japonicus, was cloned and characterized. The full length of LjTLR3 cDNA was 3265 bp including an open reading frame of 2679 bp encoding a peptide of 922 amino acids. Tissues distribution analysis indicated that LjTLR3 showed a tissue-specific variation with high expression in spleen, head-kidney and liver...
January 11, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337198/comparison-of-untagged-and-his-tagged-dihydrodipicolinate-synthase-from-the-enteric-pathogen-vibrio-cholerae
#9
Ruchi Gupta, Tatiana P Soares da Costa, Pierre Faou, Con Dogovski, Matthew A Perugini
Given the emergence of multi drug resistant Vibrio cholerae strains, there is an urgent need to characterize new anti-cholera targets. One such target is the enzyme dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS; EC 4.3.3.7), which catalyzes the first committed step in the diaminopimelate pathway. This pathway is responsible for the production of two key metabolites in bacteria and plants, namely meso-2,6-diaminopimelate and L-lysine. Here, we report the cloning, expression and purification of untagged and His-tagged recombinant DHDPS from V...
January 11, 2018: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335469/structural-basis-for-chitin-acquisition-by-marine-vibrio-species
#10
Anuwat Aunkham, Michael Zahn, Anusha Kesireddy, Karunakar Reddy Pothula, Albert Schulte, Arnaud Baslé, Ulrich Kleinekathöfer, Wipa Suginta, Bert van den Berg
Chitin, an insoluble polymer of N-acetylglucosamine, is one of the most abundant biopolymers on Earth. By degrading chitin, chitinolytic bacteria such as Vibrio harveyi are critical for chitin recycling and maintenance of carbon and nitrogen cycles in the world's oceans. A decisive step in chitin degradation is the uptake of chito-oligosaccharides by an outer membrane protein channel named chitoporin (ChiP). Here, we report X-ray crystal structures of ChiP from V. harveyi in the presence and absence of chito-oligosaccharides...
January 15, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334458/direct-electrochemical-vibrio-dna-sensing-adopting-highly-stable-graphene-flavin-mononucleotide-aqueous-dispersion-modified-interface
#11
Tao Yang, Huaiyin Chen, Zhiwei Qiu, Renzhong Yu, Shizhong Luo, Weihua Li, Kui Jiao
A bio-functionalized graphene nanohybrid was prepared by simultaneously sonicating graphene and riboflavin 5'-monophosphate sodium salt (FMNS). FMNS, as a bio-dispersant, shows an efficient stabilization for obtaining highly dispersed graphene nanosheets in an aqueous solution. Due to the superior dispersion of graphene and the excellent electrochemical redox activity of FMNS, a direct electrochemical DNA sensor was fabricated adopting the inherent electrochemical redox activity of Gr-FMNS. The comparison between using traditional electrochemical indicator ([Fe(CN)6]3-/4-) and using the self-signal of Gr-FMNS was fully conducted to study the DNA sensing performance...
January 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334418/antimicrobial-and-stress-responses-to-increased-temperature-and-bacterial-pathogen-challenge-in-the-holobiont-of-a-reef-building-coral
#12
Jeroen A J M van de Water, Maryam Chaib De Mares, Groves B Dixon, Jean-Baptiste Raina, Bette L Willis, David G Bourne, Madeleine J H van Oppen
Global increases in coral disease prevalence have been linked to ocean warming through changes in coral-associated bacterial communities, pathogen virulence and immune system function. However, the interactive effects of temperature and pathogens on the coral holobiont are poorly understood. Here, we assessed three compartments of the holobiont (host, Symbiodinium, bacterial community) of the coral Montipora aequituberculata challenged with the pathogen Vibrio coralliilyticus and the commensal bacterium Oceanospirillales sp...
January 15, 2018: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331349/effect-of-a-lect2-on-the-immune-response-of-peritoneal-lecukocytes-against-vibrio-anguillarum-in-roughskin-sculpin
#13
Yingmei Chai, Bailin Cong, Shanshan Yu, Yingying Liu, Xin Man, Lujie Wang, Qian Zhu
Leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2) is a multi-functional protein that is mainly synthesized by the liver. However, its role in roughskin scalping is less known. Here, we cloned a leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (TfLECT2) genes in the liver of roughskin scalping, Trachidermus fasciatus, and studied its possible role involved in the immune response against Vibrio anguillarum (V. anguillarum) of peritoneal lecukocytes under in vivo conditions. The cDNA sequence of TfLECT2 is 566 bp in size. Its deduced amino acid (aa) sequence comprises 151 residues, of which the first 16 residues form a putative signal peptide and 101 residues compose a typical peptidase M23 domain in the C-terminal region...
January 10, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329864/antioxidant-and-anti-freezing-peptides-from-salmon-collagen-hydrolysate-prepared-by-bacterial-extracellular-protease
#14
RiBang Wu, CuiLing Wu, Dan Liu, XingHao Yang, JiaFeng Huang, Jiang Zhang, Binqiang Liao, HaiLun He
Extracted salmon skin collagen was hydrolysed with the free or immobilized extracellular protease of Vibrio sp. SQS2-3. The hydrolysate exhibited anti-freezing activity (>3 kDa) and antioxidant activity (<3000 Da) after ultrafiltration. The antioxidant peptide was further purified by size-exclusion chromatography and found to scavenge DPPH (73.29 ± 1.03%), OH (72.73 ± 3.34%,), and intracellular ROS in HUVECs; protect DNA against oxidation-induced damage; and have an ORAC of 2.78 ± 0...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326272/antagonism-toward-the-intestinal-microbiota-and-its-effect-on-vibrio-cholerae-virulence
#15
Wenjing Zhao, Florence Caro, William Robins, John J Mekalanos
The bacterial type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a nanomachine that delivers toxic effector proteins into target cells, killing them. In mice, we found that the Vibrio cholerae T6SS attacks members of the host commensal microbiota in vivo, facilitating the pathogen's colonization of the gut. This microbial antagonistic interaction drives measurable changes in the pathogenicity of V. cholerae through enhanced intestinal colonization, expression of bacterial virulence genes, and activation of host innate immune genes...
January 12, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326200/complete-genome-sequence-of-a-bacteriophage-pvco-5-that-infects-vibrio-coralliilyticus-which-causes-bacillary-necrosis-in-pacific-oyster-crassostrea-gigas-larvae
#16
Hyoun Joong Kim, Jin Woo Jun, Sib Sankar Giri, Cheng Chi, Saekil Yun, Sang Guen Kim, Sang Wha Kim, Jeong Woo Kang, Se Jin Han, Se Chang Park
We report here the complete genome sequence of the Vibrio coralliilyticus-specific phage pVco-5, a double-stranded DNA virus isolated from an oyster hatchery tank. Vibrio coralliilyticus causes bacillary necrosis in marine bivalve larvae; hence, phage pVco-5 could be used to prevent V. coralliilyticus infections in these larvae.
January 11, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322392/effect-of-inorganic-and-organic-solutes-on-zero-valent-aluminum-activated-hydrogen-peroxide-and-persulfate-oxidation-of-bisphenol-a
#17
Idil Arslan-Alaton, Tugba Olmez-Hanci, Tugce Ozturk
The effect of varying inorganic (chloride, nitrate, sulfate, and phosphate) and organic (represented by humic acid) solutes on the removal of aqueous micropollutant bisphenol A (BPA; 8.8 μM; 2 mg/L) with the oxidizing agents hydrogen peroxide (HP; 0.25 mM) and persulfate (PS; 0.25 mM) activated using zero-valent aluminum (ZVA) nanoparticles (1 g/L) was investigated at a pH of 3. In the absence of the solutes, the PS/ZVA treatment system was superior to the HP/ZVA system in terms of BPA removal rates and kinetics...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320462/unsaturated-fatty-acids-affect-quorum-sensing-communication-system-and-inhibit-motility-and-biofilm-formation-of-acinetobacter-baumannii
#18
Marion Nicol, Stéphane Alexandre, Jean-Baptiste Luizet, Malena Skogman, Thierry Jouenne, Suzana P Salcedo, Emmanuelle Dé
The increasing threat of Acinetobacter baumannii as a nosocomial pathogen is mainly due to the occurrence of multidrug-resistant strains that are associated with the real problem of its eradication from hospital wards. The particular ability of this pathogen to form biofilms contributes to its persistence, increases antibiotic resistance, and promotes persistent/device-related infections. We previously demonstrated that virstatin, which is a small organic compound known to decrease virulence of Vibrio cholera via an inhibition of T4-pili expression, displayed very promising activity to prevent A...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320233/antibacterial-activities-of-hibiscus-sabdariffa-extracts-and-chemical-sanitizers-directly-on-green-leaves-contaminated-with-foodborne-pathogens
#19
Carlos A Gómez-Aldapa, Esmeralda Rangel-Vargas, Ma Refugio Torres-Vitela, Angélica Villarruel-López, Otilio A Acevedo-Sandoval, Alberto J Gordillo-Martínez, Angélica Godínez-Oviedo, Javier Castro-Rosas
Leafy greens have been associated with foodborne disease outbreaks in different countries. To decrease microbial contamination of leafy greens, chemical agents are commonly used; however, a number of studies have shown these agents to have limited antimicrobial effect against pathogenic bacteria on vegetables. The objective of this study was to compare the antibacterial effect of Hibiscus sabdariffa calyx extracts (water, methanol, acetone, and ethyl acetate), sodium hypochlorite, acetic acid, and colloidal silver against foodborne bacteria on leafy greens...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318333/effective-removal-of-a-range-of-ti-ri-plasmids-using-a-pbbr1-type-vector-having-a-repabc-operon-and-a-lux-reporter-system
#20
Shinji Yamamoto, Ayako Sakai, Vita Agustina, Kazuki Moriguchi, Katsunori Suzuki
Ti and Ri plasmids of pathogenic Agrobacterium strains are stably maintained by the function of a repABC operon and have been classified into four incompatibility groups, namely, incRh1, incRh2, incRh3, and incRh4. Removal of these plasmids from their bacterial cells is an important step in determining strain-specific virulence characteristics and to construct strains useful for transformation. Here, we developed two powerful tools to improve this process. We first established a reporter system to detect the presence and absence of Ti/Ri plasmids in cells by using an acetosyringone (AS)-inducible promoter of the Ti2 small RNA and luxAB from Vibrio harveyi...
January 9, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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