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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922801/effect-of-severe-weather-events-on-the-shedding-of-shiga-toxigenic-escherichia-coli-in-slaughter-cattle-and-phenotype-of-serogroup-o157-isolates
#1
Kim Stanford, Tim Reuter, Susan J Bach, Linda Chui, Angela Ma, Cheyenne C Conrad, Renata Tostes, Tim A McAllister
High-event periods (HEPs) occur sporadically when beef carcasses and meat have episodes of acute contamination with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). In this study, severe weather events were investigated as catalysts for HEPs based on PCR and isolate prevalence of seven E. coli serogroups in slaughter cattle feces. Winter ambient temperatures with daily means 10.5oC warmer or 12.3°C colder than seasonal norms (-10.4°C) most altered STEC shedding. Fecal samples yielded increased proportions (P < 0...
September 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921940/attribution-of-human-infections-with-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-stec-to-livestock-sources-and-identification-of-source-specific-risk-factors-the-netherlands-2010-2014
#2
L Mughini-Gras, W van Pelt, M van der Voort, M Heck, I Friesema, E Franz
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a zoonotic pathogen of public health concern whose sources and transmission routes are difficult to trace. Using a combined source attribution and case-control analysis, we determined the relative contributions of four putative livestock sources (cattle, small ruminants, pigs, poultry) to human STEC infections and their associated dietary, animal contact, temporal and socio-econo-demographic risk factors in the Netherlands in 2010/2011-2014. Dutch source data were supplemented with those from other European countries with similar STEC epidemiology...
September 17, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920571/recurrent-seasonal-outbreak-of-an-emerging-serotype-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-stec-o55-h7-stx2a-in-the-south-west-of-england-july-2014-to-september-2015
#3
Noëleen McFarland, Nick Bundle, Claire Jenkins, Gauri Godbole, Amy Mikhail, Tim Dallman, Catherine O'Connor, Noel McCarthy, Emer O'Connell, Juli Treacy, Girija Dabke, James Mapstone, Yvette Landy, Janet Moore, Rachel Partridge, Frieda Jorgensen, Caroline Willis, Piers Mook, Chas Rawlings, Richard Acornley, Charlotte Featherstone, Sharleen Gayle, Joanne Edge, Eleanor McNamara, Jeremy Hawker, Sooria Balasegaram
The first documented British outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O55:H7 began in the county of Dorset, England, in July 2014. Since then, there have been a total of 31 cases of which 13 presented with haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS). The outbreak strain had Shiga toxin (Stx) subtype 2a associated with an elevated risk of HUS. This strain had not previously been isolated from humans or animals in England. The only epidemiological link was living in or having close links to two areas in Dorset...
September 7, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919674/prevalence-of-enteropathogens-and-their-antibiotic-sensitivity-pattern-in-puppies-with-hemorrhagic-gastroenteritis
#4
A Kokila Priya, M Balagangatharathilagar, D Chandrasekaran, M Parthiban, S Prathaban
AIM: Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE) ranging from mild to severe forms is commonly encountered in puppies. The aim of the study was to identify the prevalence of common enteropathogens and the antibiotic sensitivity pattern in puppies reported with HGE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The canine HGE activity index, with little modification, was adopted to identify Grade III/severely affected puppies below 6 months of age. Fecal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was employed to screen and compare the enteropathogens in puppies with hemorrhagic diarrhea and healthy control...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912313/complete-genome-sequence-of-a-shiga-toxin-producing-enterobacter-cloacae-clinical-isolate
#5
Michelle Qiu Carter, Antares Pham, Steven Huynh, Xiaohua He
Enterobacter cloacae strain M12X01451 was isolated from a patient with mild diarrhea. This strain produces a novel subtype of Shiga toxin 1, Stx1e. The Stx1e-converting prophage in strain M12X01451 is stable and can infect other bacteria following induction. Here we report the complete genome sequence and annotation of strain M12X01451.
September 14, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904945/effectiveness-of-the-thermal-treatments-used-for-curd-stretching-in-the-inactivation-of-shiga-toxin-producing-o157-and-o26-escherichia-coli
#6
M Trevisani, A Valero, R Mancusi
The kneading treatment of the fresh curd in hot water is a critical control point in the manufacturing of mozzarella. Factors such as the ratio between hot water and curd mass, the rheological properties, and the mixing and kneading activity affect the processing time and the internal temperature of the curd. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of thermal treatments on the fate of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). Nine curd samples (weight 160-270 g) were artificially contaminated with O157 or O26 STEC and stretched in hot water (90-95°C) for 5-10 min...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904263/concerning-increase-in-antimicrobial-resistance-in-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-young-animals-during-1980-2016
#7
Flore Chirila, Alexandra Tabaran, Nicodim Fit, George Nadas, Marian Mihaiu, Flaviu Tabaran, Cornel Cătoi, Oana Lucia Reget, Sorin Daniel Dan
This study was conducted in order to assess the antimicrobial resistance patterns of E. coli isolated from young animals affected between 1980 and 2016. The selected isolates for this study (n=175) carried stx1/stx2 genes and the most prevalent type of pathogenic E. coli found belonged to serogroup O101, antigen (K99)-F41 positive. All STEC-positive isolates were tested for susceptibility to 11 antimicrobials. Multidrug resistance (MDR) increased from 11% during the 1980s to 40% between 2000 and 2016. Resistance to tetracycline and streptomycin was the most frequent co-resistance phenotype (37%)...
September 12, 2017: Microbes and Environments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899876/treatment-and-management-of-children-with-haemolytic-uraemic-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Patrick R Walsh, Sally Johnson
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS), comprising microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopaenia and acute kidney injury, remains the leading cause of paediatric intrinsic acute kidney injury, with peak incidence in children aged under 5 years. HUS most commonly occurs following infection with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC-HUS). Additionally, HUS can occur as a result of inherited or acquired dysregulation of the alternative complement cascade (atypical HUS or aHUS) and in the setting of invasive pneumococcal infection...
September 12, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893912/the-gene-tia-harboured-by-the-se-pai-is-involved-in-the-ability-of-lee-negative-stec-strains-to-invade-monolayers-of-epithelial-cells
#9
Roslen Bondì, Paola Chiani, Valeria Michelacci, Fabio Minelli, Alfredo Caprioli, Stefano Morabito
LEE-negative Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing E. coli (STEC) are human pathogens that lack the LEE locus, a pathogenicity island (PAI) involved in the intimate adhesion of LEE-positive strains to the host gut epithelium. The mechanism used by LEE-negative STEC to colonize the host intestinal mucosa is still not clear. The cell invasion determinant tia, previously described in ETEC strains, has been identified in LEE-negative STEC that possess the Subtilase-encoding pathogenicity island (SE-PAI). We evaluated the role of the gene tia present in these LEE-negative STEC in the invasion of monolayers of cultured cells...
September 11, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891458/ppgpp-and-cytotoxicity-diversity-in-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-stec-isolates-corrigendum
#10
A E Stella, D Luz, R M F Piazza, B Spira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890713/bad-phages-in-good-bacteria-role-of-the-mysterious-orf63-of-%C3%AE-and-shiga-toxin-converting-%C3%AE-24b-bacteriophages
#11
Aleksandra Dydecka, Sylwia Bloch, Ali Rizvi, Shaili Perez, Bozena Nejman-Falenczyk, Gracja Topka, Tomasz Gasior, Agnieszka Necel, Grzegorz Wegrzyn, Logan W Donaldson, Alicja Wegrzyn
Lambdoid bacteriophages form a group of viruses that shares a common schema of genome organization and lifecycle. Some of them can play crucial roles in creating the pathogenic profiles of Escherichia coli strains. For example, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) acquired stx genes, encoding Shiga toxins, via lambdoid prophages (Stx phages). The results obtained so far present the evidence for the relation between the exo-xis region of the phage genome and lambdoid phage development, however molecular mechanisms of activities of the exo-xis genes' products are still unknown...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888654/shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-stec-o22-h8-isolated-from-cattle-reduces-e-coli-o157-h7-adherence-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#12
L Martorelli, A Albanese, D Vilte, R Cantet, A Bentancor, G Zolezzi, I Chinen, C Ibarra, M Rivas, E C Mercado, A Cataldi
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are a group of bacteria responsible for food-associated diseases. Clinical features include a wide range of symptoms such as diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis and the hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a life-threatening condition. OBJECTIVE: Our group has observed that animals naturally colonized with STEC strains of unknown serotype were not efficiently colonized with E. coli O157:H7 after experimental infection...
September 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887208/proteomic-comparison-of-three-clinical-diarrhoeagenic-drug-resistant-escherichia-coli-isolates-grown-on-chromagar%C3%A2-stec-media
#13
John Bosco Kalule, Suereta Fortuin, Bridget Calder, Lourens Robberts, Karen H Keddy, Andrew Nel, Shaun Garnett, Mark Nicol, Digby F Warner, Nelson C Soares, Jonathan M Blackburn
Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) are key diarrhoea-causing foodborne pathogens. We used proteomics to characterize the virulence and antimicrobial resistance protein profiles of three clinical pathogenic E. coli isolates (two EPEC [one resistant to ciprofloxacin] and one STEC) cultured on CHROMagar™STEC solid media after minimal laboratory passage. We identified 4767 unique peptides from 1630 protein group across all three clinical E. coli strains...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883040/genome-wide-sirna-screen-identifies-unc50-as-a-regulator-of-shiga-toxin-2-trafficking
#14
Andrey S Selyunin, Lakesla R Iles, Geoffrey Bartholomeusz, Somshuvra Mukhopadhyay
Shiga toxins 1 and 2 (STx1 and STx2) undergo retrograde trafficking to reach the cytosol. Early endosome-to-Golgi transport allows the toxins to evade degradation in lysosomes. Targeting this trafficking step has therapeutic promise, but the mechanism of trafficking for the more potent toxin STx2 is unclear. To identify host factors required for early endosome-to-Golgi trafficking of STx2, we performed a viability-based genome-wide siRNA screen in HeLa cells. 564, 535, and 196 genes were found to be required for toxicity induced by STx1 only, STx2 only, and both toxins, respectively...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871242/concurrent-detection-of-human-norovirus-and-bacterial-pathogens-in-water-samples-from-an-agricultural-region-in-central-california-coast
#15
Peng Tian, David Yang, Lei Shan, Dapeng Wang, Qianqian Li, Lisa Gorski, Bertram G Lee, Beatriz Quiñones, Michael B Cooley
Bacterial pathogens and human norovirus (HuNoV) are major cause for acute gastroenteritis caused by contaminated food and water. Public waterways can become contaminated from a variety of sources and flood after heavy rain events, leading to pathogen contamination of produce fields. We initiated a survey of several public watersheds in a major leafy green produce production region of the Central California Coast to determine the prevalence of HuNoV as well as bacterial pathogens. Moore swabs were used to collect environmental samples bi-monthly at over 30 sampling sites in the region...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867678/effects-of-zinc-supplementation-on-shiga-toxin-2e-producing-escherichia-coli-in-vitro
#16
Ryoko Uemura, Tomoko Katsuge, Yosuke Sasaki, Shinya Goto, Masuo Sueyoshi
Swine edema disease is caused by Shiga toxin (Stx) 2e-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). Addition of highly concentrated zinc formulations to feed has been used to treat and prevent the disease, but the mechanism of the beneficial effect is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of highly concentrated zinc formulations on bacterial growth, hemolysin production, and an Stx2e release by STEC in vitro. STEC strain MVH269 isolated from a piglet with edema disease was cultured with zinc oxide (ZnO) or with zinc carbonate (ZnCO3), each at up to 3,000 ppm...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855217/decreased-severity-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-haemolytic-uraemic-syndrome-stec-hus-in-a-child-with-type-1-von-willebrand-disease
#17
Matthew A Geramita, Johannes Hofer, James Cooper, Michael L Moritz
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli-associated haemolytic uraemic syndrome (STEC-HUS) is characterised by haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopenia and acute kidney injury. Von Willebrand Factor (vWF) is an important mediator of normal thrombi formation and indirect evidence suggests that vWF may play an important role in Shiga toxin-induced thrombi formation. Clinical evidence supporting the role of vWF in STEC-HUS is lacking. A 10-year-old girl with type 1 von Willebrand Disease (vWD) had a mild case of STEC-HUS, with nadir haemoglobin 7...
August 30, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852487/rare-genetic-variants-in-shiga-toxin-associated-haemolytic-uraemic-syndrome-genetic-analysis-prior-to-transplantation-is-essential
#18
Frances Dowen, Katrina Wood, Alison L Brown, Jennifer Palfrey, David Kavanagh, Vicky Brocklebank
We present a case of haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) in a 16-year-old female with serological evidence of acute Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection. She progressed to established renal failure and received a deceased donor kidney transplant. Shiga toxin-associated HUS (STEC-HUS) does not recur following renal transplantation, but unexpectedly this patient did experience rapid and severe HUS recurrence. She responded to treatment with the terminal complement inhibitor eculizumab and subsequent genetic analysis revealed a rare variant in a complement gene...
August 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835862/late-onset-cobalamin-disorder-and-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-nephrotic-syndrome
#19
Gianluigi Ardissino, Michela Perrone, Francesca Tel, Sara Testa, Amelia Morrone, Ilaria Possenti, Francesco Tagliaferri, Robertino Dilena, Francesca Menni
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is an unrare and severe thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) caused by several pathogenetic mechanisms among which Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infections and complement dysregulation are the most common. However, very rarely and particularly in neonates and infants, disorders of cobalamin metabolism (CblC) can present with or be complicated by TMA. Herein we describe a case of atypical HUS (aHUS) related to CblC disease which first presented in a previously healthy boy at age of 13...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831220/serotyping-antibiotic-susceptibility-and-virulence-genes-screening-of-escherichia-coli-isolates-obtained-from-diarrheic-buffalo-calves-in-egyptian-farms
#20
Ashraf S Hakim, Shimaa T Omara, Sohier M Syame, Ehab A Fouad
AIM: In Egypt as in many other countries, river water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is considered an important source of high-quality milk and meat supply. The objective of this study was to investigate serotypes, virulence genes, and antibiotic resistance determinants profiles of Escherichia coli isolated from buffalo at some places in Egypt; noticibly, this issue was not discussed in the country yet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A number of 58 rectal samples were collected from diarrheic buffalo calves in different regions in Egypt, and bacteriological investigated for E...
July 2017: Veterinary World
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