keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Constrictive pericarditis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649486/constrictive-pericarditis-induced-shunting-through-a-pfo-persistence-despite-pericardiectomy
#1
Emily Schuiteman, Thomas Verrill, Nader Mina, Bhavinkumar Dalal
A patent foramen ovale (PFO) is found in around 25-30% of patients. The discovery is often made only on autopsy, as most PFOs are clinically silent and any inter-atrial blood exchange typically shunts from the left to right heart [1]. Thus, when a patient presents with hypoxic respiratory failure, concern for presence of a PFO is rarely at the top of the differential. However, in the setting of elevated right heart pressures, PFOs can become of great hemodynamic importance and can lead to deadly complications, including right to left shunting and refractory hypoxic respiratory failure...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634555/a-rare-case-of-pneumopericardium-in-the-setting-of-tuberculous-constrictive-pericarditis
#2
Lauro L Abrahan Iv, Stephanie Martha O Obillos, Jaime Alfonso M Aherrera, Jose Donato A Magno, Celia Catherine C Uy-Agbayani, Ulysses King G Gopez, Jobelle Joyce Anne R Baldonado
A 28-year-old Filipino male was admitted due to high-grade fevers and dyspnea on a background of chronic cough and weight loss. Due to clinical and echocardiographic signs of cardiac tamponade, emergency pericardiocentesis was performed on his first hospital day. Five days after, chest radiographs showed new pockets of radiolucency within the cardiac shadow, indicative of pneumopericardium. On repeat echo, air microbubbles admixed with loculated effusion were visualized in the anterior pericardial space. Constrictive physiology was also supported by a thickened pericardium, septal bounce, exaggerated respiratory variation in AV valve inflow, and IVC plethora...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600086/invasive-hemodynamics-of-pericardial-disease
#3
REVIEW
Ganesh Athappan, Paul Sorajja
Pericardial diseases can be classified broadly as 3 entities: acute pericarditis, cardiac tamponade, and constrictive pericarditis. These disorders can be diagnosed and managed with noninvasive studies following a comprehensive history and physical examination, without the need for cardiac catheterization in most patients. Despite the advances in noninvasive cardiac imaging, there are limitations to their diagnostic accuracy. The invasive hemodynamic study offers the advantage of simultaneous, direct pressure measurement across multiple chambers, with direct examination of blood flow...
July 2017: Interventional cardiology clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588687/retroperitoneal-fibrosis-and-constrictive-pericarditis-igg4-related-diseases-a-case-report
#4
Brankica Terzic, Marijan Spasic, Predrag Djuric, Vladimir Vasiljevic, Slavica Radjen, Mirjana Mijuskovic
Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is a rare disease characterized by infiltration of inflammatory cells and deposition of thickened fibrous tissues. The present study presents the case of a 53-year-old patient treated for generalized weakness and fatigue for 1 year prior to hospitalization. A cardiac ultrasound revealed pericardial effusion that required pericardiocentesis, during which 1,400 ml serous fluid with the characteristics of an exudate was aspirated. A pericardiectomy was performed due to persistent effusion and histological examination indicated pericardial fibrosis...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572226/a-clinical-enigma-of-ongoing-constrictive-pericarditis
#5
Deacon Zhao Jun Lee, Reshma Amin, John Baksi, Robert Gerber
A 59-year-old lady presented with a 1-week history of orthopnoea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea, night sweats and a productive cough. She had no recent history of travel. Transthoracic echocardiogram revealed preserved left ventricular systolic function with abnormal pericardial thickening and restrictive left ventricular filling consistent with pericardial constriction. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a globally thickened pericardium and showed evidence of pericardial inflammation and constrictive physiology...
June 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571224/waldmann-s-disease-primary-intestinal-lymphangiectasia-with-atrial-septal-defect
#6
Shrikiran Aroor, Suneel Mundkur, Shravan Kanaparthi, Sandeep Kumar
Waldmann's disease or Primary Intestinal Lymphangiectasia (PIL) is a rare disorder of gastrointestinal tract characterized by dilated lymphatics and widened villi causing leakage of lymph into intestinal lumen. Loss of lymph leads to hypoalbuminemia, hyogammaglobulinemia and lymphopenia. Secondary lymphangiectasia occurs secondary to an elevated lymphatic pressure as in lymphoma, systemic lupus erythematosus, constrictive pericarditis, cardiac surgeries (Fontan's procedure), inflammatory bowel disease and malignancies...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560124/multidrug-resistant-invasive-nontyphoidal-salmonella-isolated-from-and-masquerading-healed-tubercular-constrictive-pericarditis-and-study-of-virulence-markers
#7
Reetika Dawar, Anoop Ganjoo, Firdaus Imdadi, Vasundhra Bhandari
Among the infectious causes of pericarditis are various bacteria, viruses, fungal and parasitic infections. The course disease may progress to a chronic constrictive pattern especially with tubercular etiology. Non-typhoidal Salmonella has rarely been reported as a cause of pericarditis. We describe here a case from which the pericardial fluid from an old case of tubercular pericarditis sent for culture to microbiology laboratory grew a Salmonella typhimurium. We studied the antibiotic resistance pattern, phage type and virulence factors playing a role in the invasive nature of the pathogen since no such study from pericardial fluid was found in the literature...
April 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496510/constrictive-pericarditis-and-primary-amenorrhea-with-syndactyly-in-an-iranian-female-mulibrey-nanism-syndrome
#8
Tahereh Davarpasand, Maryam Sotoudeh Anvari, Mohammad Naderan, Mohammad Ali Boroumand, Hossein Ahmadi
Mulibrey nanism is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome caused by a mutation in the TRIM37 gene with severe growth retardation and multiple organ involvement. Early diagnosis is important because 50% of the patients develop congestive heart failure owing to constrictive pericarditis, and this condition plays a critical role in the final prognosis. A 37-year-old female patient presented with symptoms of dyspnea on exertion and shortness of breath. She had severe growth failure and craniofacial dysmorphic feature...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491729/late-presentation-of-constrictive-pericarditis-after-limited-epicardial-ablation-for-inappropriate-sinus-tachycardia
#9
Adam Oesterle, Amita Singh, Husam Balkhy, Aliya N Husain, Deborah Moyer, Roderick Tung, Hemal M Nayak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: HeartRhythm Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461794/surgical-treatment-of-constrictive-pericarditis
#10
REVIEW
Burak Can Depboylu, Parmeseeven Mootoosamy, Nicola Vistarini, Ariane Testuz, Ismail El-Hamamsy, Mustafa Cikirikcioglu
Constrictive pericarditis is the final stage of a chronic inflammatory process characterized by fibrous thickening and calcification of the pericardium that impairs diastolic filling, reduces cardiac output, and ultimately leads to heart failure. Transthoracic echocardiography, computed tomography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging each can reveal severe diastolic dysfunction and increased pericardial thickness. Cardiac catheterization can help to confirm a diagnosis of diastolic dysfunction secondary to pericardial constriction, and to exclude restrictive cardiomyopathy...
April 2017: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456362/pericardial-interstitial-cell-senescence-responsible-for-pericardial-structural-remodeling-in-idiopathic-and-postsurgical-constrictive-pericarditis
#11
Lin Han, Xin Li, Guanxin Zhang, Zhiyun Xu, Dejun Gong, Fanglin Lu, Xiaohong Liu
OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic and postsurgical constrictive pericarditis is characterized by pericardial structural remodeling that involves fibrosis, calcification, and inflammation. This study aimed to determine whether cell senescence was responsible for pericardial structural remodeling. METHODS: Pericardial interstitial cells derived from patients with idiopathic or postsurgical pericarditis (pericarditis cells) were harvested. Timing of senescence and differences in telomere length were compared between age- and sex-matched controls (nonpericarditis cells)...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405937/new-cardiac-imaging-algorithms-to-diagnose-constrictive-pericarditis-versus-restrictive-cardiomyopathy
#12
REVIEW
Ahmad Mahmoud, Manish Bansal, Partho P Sengupta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Echocardiography is the mainstay in the diagnostic evaluation of constrictive pericarditis (CP) and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM), but no single echocardiographic parameter is sufficiently robust to accurately distinguish between the two conditions. The present review summarizes the recent advances in echocardiography that promise to improve its diagnostic performance for this purpose. The role of other imaging modalities such as cardiac computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and invasive hemodynamic assessment in the overall diagnostic approach is also discussed briefly...
May 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393776/serial-semi-invasive-hemodynamic-assessment-following-pericardiectomy-for-chronic-constrictive-pericarditis
#13
Ujjwal Kumar Chowdhury, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Adil Rizvi, Vishwas Malik, Sandeep Seth, Rajiv Narang, Mani Kalaivani, Sarvesh Pal Singh, Sathiya Selvam
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to prospectively investigate the effects of pericardiectomy via median sternotomy on intra- and postoperative hemodynamics by a new semi-invasive device (Flotrac/VigileoTM monitor) using arterial pressure waveform analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients aged 15 to 55 years (mean+SD, 31.73 + 13.53 years), who had undergone total pericardiectomy via median sternotomy underwent serial hemodynamic evaluation. FlotracTM Sensor - derived stroke volume, stroke volume variation, systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), cardiac index and right atrial pressure were measured just before and after pericardiectomy, at 12 hours, 24 hours, 48 hours, 72 hours and at discharge postoperatively...
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376422/recurrent-constrictive-pericarditis-associated-with-seropositive-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-case-report
#14
Daniela Votano, Geoffrey M Tsang, Margaret Ashton-Key, Laszlo Göbölös
INTRODUCTION: Constrictive pericarditis is an uncommon disease characterized by impaired diastolic filling of the ventricles, encased in a fibrotic pericardium resulting from an inflammatory process. Rheumatoid arthritis is a rare cause of constrictive pericarditis, usually due to a concomitant acute or chronic serositis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: This paper presents a unique case of recurrent constrictive pericarditis associated with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis, requiring pericardiectomy and complicated three years later by recurrent fibrosis, demanding a second pericardiectomy...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285268/cardiac-manifestations-of-parasitic-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Maria Carmo P Nunes, Milton Henriques Guimarães Júnior, Adriana Costa Diamantino, Claudio Leo Gelape, Teresa Cristina Abreu Ferrari
The heart may be affected directly or indirectly by a variety of protozoa and helminths. This involvement may manifest in different ways, but the syndromes resulting from impairment of the myocardium and pericardium are the most frequent. The myocardium may be invaded by parasites that trigger local inflammatory response with subsequent myocarditis or cardiomyopathy, as occurs in Chagas disease, African trypanosomiasis, toxoplasmosis, trichinellosis and infection with free-living amoebae. In amoebiasis and echinococcosis, the pericardium is the structure most frequently involved with consequent pericardial effusion, acute pericarditis, cardiac tamponade or constrictive pericarditis...
May 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228308/systematic-review-of-non-invasive-cardiovascular-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-constrictive-pericarditis
#16
Sivakumar Ardhanari, Bharath Yarlagadda, Vishal Parikh, Kevin C Dellsperger, Anand Chockalingam, Sudarshan Balla, Senthil Kumar
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis (CP) can be challenging. It can be nearly impossible to distinguish CP from other causes of right heart failure. Although various imaging modalities help in the diagnosis, no test is definitive. Several reviews have addressed the role of various imaging techniques in the diagnosis of CP but a systematic review has not yet been published. OBJECTIVE: Our intention was to study the ability of various non-invasive imaging modalities to diagnose CP in patients with surgically confirmed disease and to apply our findings to develop a clinically useful diagnostic algorithm...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222993/effusive-constrictive-pericarditis-in-autoimmune-polyglandular-syndrome-type-ii
#17
David McNamara, Haru Yamamoto, Venetia Sarode, Vlad G Zaha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214508/surgical-management-of-pericardial-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Douglas R Johnston
Disease of the pericardium represents a relatively rare indication for cardiac surgery, and there exist no widely accepted guidelines for surgical management. As such, the surgical approach to the pericardium has relied largely on institutional experience with a slow evolution based on published studies. In particular, management of pericardial constriction has varied widely from surgeon to surgeon and institution to institution, in large part due to a perception of inherent high risk to the procedure. This review covers the current practice of surgery for disease of the pericardium, with particular focus on the evolution of indications for pericardiectomy, new applications in inflammatory or relapsing pericarditis, and the progressive refinement in surgical technique and operative planning which have led to significantly improved outcomes in experienced centers...
January 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213948/hourglass-shaped-right-ventricle-and-localized-constrictive-pericarditis
#19
Alper Karakus, Hasan Ari, Sencer Camci, Selma Ari, Ahmet Tutuncu, Mehmet Melek
Constrictive pericarditis is characterized by thick pericardial fibrosis and frequent calcification that progressively impairs diastolic filling of the heart. The diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis has been challenging even though multiple diagnostic modalities have been developed. The diagnosis of constructive pericarditis is especially difficult in localized constrictive pericarditis which is extremely rare. We report a case of localized constrictive pericarditis with a 3D multislice cardiac computed tomography (CT) finding of the constrictive band causing strangulation and hourglass shaping of the right ventricle...
February 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212053/transthoracic-echocardiography-pitfalls-and-limitations-as-delineated-at-cardiac-ct-and-mr-imaging
#20
Sachin B Malik, Natalie Chen, Rex A Parker, Joe Y Hsu
Transthoracic echocardiography ( TTE transthoracic echocardiography ) is a critical tool in the field of clinical cardiology. It often serves as one of the first-line imaging modalities in the evaluation of cardiac disease owing to its low cost, portability, widespread availability, lack of ionizing radiation, and ability to evaluate both anatomy and function of the heart. Consequently, a large majority of patients undergoing a cardiac computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examination will have a TTE transthoracic echocardiography available for review...
March 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
keyword
keyword
61505
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"