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Lip infection

Sabyasachi Paik, Agnik Pal, Sukanta Sen, Netai Pramanick, Santanu K Tripathi
A 23-year-old human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected Indian woman was admitted to a tertiary care hospital with generalized erythematosus rash all over her body with difficulty in swallowing for the previous 3 days. She also presented with swelling of the lips and redness of both eyes along with nausea, anorexia, slight headache, and fever, which appeared immediately after the initiation of a new regime of antiretroviral treatment with tenofovir (300 mg once daily), lamivudine (300 mg once daily), and efavirenz (600 mg once daily)...
December 2015: Drug Saf Case Rep
Rosemary Thackeray, Brianna M Magnusson
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection causes severe disabilities and developmental delays. Women's awareness of CMV is low. Only about half of healthcare providers report counseling women about behaviors to reduce CMV risk and public health education is limited. Routine CMV counseling is not recommend. Providers may lack time to counsel women; other conditions may take priority for counseling; there may be a perception that women are reluctant to follow advice. This cross-sectional descriptive study examined women's attitudes toward CMV prevention behaviors...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Kannan Rama Devi, Ramanathan Srinivasan, Arunachalam Kannappan, Sivasubramanian Santhakumari, Murugan Bhuvaneswari, Periyannan Rajasekar, Narayanan Marimuthu Prabhu, Arumugam Veera Ravi
Rosmarinic acid (RA) was assessed for its quorum sensing inhibitory (QSI) potential against Aeromonas hydrophila strains AH 1, AH 12 and MTCC 1739. The pathogenic strains of A. hydrophila were isolated from infected zebrafish and identified through biochemical analysis and amplification of a species-specific gene (rpsL). The biofilm inhibitory concentration (BIC) of RA against A. hydrophila strains was found to be 750 μg ml(-1). At this concentration, RA reduced the QS mediated hemolysin, lipase and elastase production in A...
November 2016: Biofouling
Walid Mohamed, Eugen Domann, Trinad Chakraborty, Gopala Mannala, Katrin S Lips, Christian Heiss, Reinhard Schnettler, Volker Alt
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus is the principle causative pathogen of osteomyelitis and implant-associated bone infections. It is able to invade and to proliferate inside osteoblasts thus avoiding antibiotic therapy and the host immune system. Therefore, development of alternative approaches to stimulate host innate immune responses could be beneficial in prophylaxis against S. aureus infection. TLR9 is the intracellular receptor which recognizes unmethylated bacterial CpG-DNA and activates immune cells...
October 3, 2016: BMC Microbiology
Arnaud Desclaux, Marie-Catherine Receveur, Amandine Lechot, Brigitte Le Bail, Denis Malvy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Sócrates Fraga da Costa Neto, Raquel de Oliveira Simões, Éster Maria Mota, Roberto do Val Vilela, Eduardo José Lopes Torres, Helene Santos Barbosa, Rosana Gentile, Arnaldo Maldonado Junior
Nematode parasites of the cardiopulmonary system of livestock and pet animals have been receiving attention due to the pathogenic effects they produce in the course of the infection. However, parasitism in wild animals by metastrongilid nematodes has been neglected, resulting in potential risk to wildlife. Heterostrongylus heterostrongylus is the etiological agent of bronchial pneumonia in the black-eared opossum, Didelphis aurita, a widely distributed marsupial frequently reported to inhabit areas from wild environments to peri-urban spaces...
September 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Dimitrios Kloukos, Piotr Fudalej, Patrick Sequeira-Byron, Christos Katsaros
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate is one of the most common birth defects and can cause difficulties with feeding, speech and hearing, as well as psychosocial problems. Treatment of orofacial clefts is prolonged; it typically commences after birth and lasts until the child reaches adulthood or even into adulthood. Residual deformities, functional disturbances, or both, are frequently seen in adults with a repaired cleft. Conventional orthognathic surgery, such as Le Fort I osteotomy, is often performed for the correction of maxillary hypoplasia...
September 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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L Herrera Para, J Murcia Payá, F Rodríguez Mulero, P Guerci, Y Ince, P Heeman, B Ergin, C Ince, Z Uz, M Massey, Y Ince, R Papatella, E Bulent, P Guerci, F Toraman, C Ince, E R Longbottom, H D Torrance, H C Owen, C J Hinds, R M Pearse, M J O'Dywer, Z Trogrlic, M van der Jagt, H Lingsma, H H Ponssen, J F Schoonderbeek, F Schreiner, S J Verbrugge, S Duran, T van Achterberg, J Bakker, D A M P J Gommers, E Ista, A Krajčová, P Waldauf, F Duška, A Shah, N Roy, S McKechnie, C Doree, S Fisher, S J Stanworth, J F Jensen, D Overgaard, M H Bestle, D F Christensen, I Egerod, A Pivkina, V Gusarov, I Zhivotneva, N Pasko, M Zamyatin, J F Jensen, I Egerod, M H Bestle, D F Christensen, A Alklit, R L Hansen, H Knudsen, L B Grode, D Overgaard, M Hravnak, L Chen, A Dubrawski, G Clermont, M R Pinsky, S M Parry, L D Knight, B C Connolly, C E Baldwin, Z A Puthucheary, L Denehy, N Hart, P E Morris, J Mortimore, C L Granger, H I Jensen, R Piers, B Van den Bulcke, J Malmgren, V Metaxa, A K Reyners, M Darmon, K 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J Starkopf, A Reintam Blaser, M S Kalaiselvan, A S Arunkumar, M K Renuka, R L Shivkumar, M Volbeda, D Ten Kate, M Hoekstra, J M van der Maaten, M W Nijsten, A Komaromi, O Rooyackers, J Wernerman, Å Norberg, M Smedberg, M Mori, L Pettersson, Å Norberg, O Rooyackers, J Wernerman, M Theodorakopoulou, T Christodoulopoulou, A Diamantakis, F Frantzeskaki, M Kontogiorgi, E Chrysanthopoulou, M Lygnos, C Diakaki, A Armaganidis, K Gundogan, E Dogan, R Coskun, S Muhtaroglu, M Sungur, T Ziegler, M Guven, A Kleyman, W Khaliq, D Andreas, M Singer, R Meierhans, R Schuepbach, I De Brito-Ashurst, F Zand, G Sabetian, R Nikandish, F Hagar, M Masjedi, B Maghsudi, A Vazin, M Ghorbani, E Asadpour, K C Kao, L C Chiu, C Y Hung, C H Chang, S H Li, H C Hu, S El Maraghi, M Ali, D Rageb, M Helmy, J Marin-Corral, C Vilà, J R Masclans, A Vàzquez, I Martín-Loeches, E Díaz, J C Yébenes, A Rodriguez, F Álvarez-Lerma, N Varga, A Cortina-Gutiérrez, L Dono, M Martínez-Martínez, C Maldonado, E Papiol, M Pérez-Carrasco, R 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J A Kellum, R E Berthelsen, A Perner, A E K Jensen, J U Jensen, M H Bestle, D J Gebhard, J Price, C E Kennedy, A Akcan-Arikan, A M A Liberatore, R B Souza, A M C R P F Martins, J C F Vieira, Y R Kang, M N Nakamae, I H J Koh, K Hamed, M M Khaled, R Aly Soliman, M Sherif Mokhtar, G Seller-Pérez, D Arias-Verdú, E Llopar-Valdor, I De-Diós-Chacón, G Quesada-García, M E Herrera-Gutierrez, R Hafes, G Carroll, P Doherty, C Wright, I G Guerra Vera, M Ralston, M L Gemmell, A MacKay, E Black, C Wright, R I Docking, R Appleton, M R Ralston, L Gemmell, R Appleton, C Wright, R I Docking, E Black, A Mackay, S Rozemeijer, J L G Haitsma Mulier, J G Röttgering, P W G Elbers, A M E Spoelstra-de Man, P R Tuinman, M C de Waard, H M Oudemans-van Straaten, N Mejeni, J Nsiala, A Kilembe, P Akilimali, G Thomas, I Egerod, A E Andersson, A M Fagerdahl, V Knudsen, K Meddeb, A Ben Cheikh, Y Hamdaoui, J Ayachi, A Guiga, N Fraj, S Romdhani, N Sma, R Bouneb, I Chouchene, A Khedher, N Bouafia, M Boussarsar, A Amirian, 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Aldasoro, P Marchio, A Jorda, M D Mauricio, S Guerra-Ojeda, M Gimeno-Raga, M Colque-Cano, A Bertomeu-Artecero, M Aldasoro, S L Valles, D Tonon, T Triglia, J C Martin, M C Alessi, N Bruder, P Garrigue, L Velly, S Spina, V Scaravilli, C Marzorati, E Colombo, D Savo, A Vargiolu, G Cavenaghi, G Citerio, A H V Andrade, P Bulgarelli, J A P Araujo, V Gonzalez, V A Souza, A Costa, C Massant, C A C Abreu Filho, R A Morbeck, L E Burgo, R van Groenendael, L T van Eijk, G P Leijte, B Koeneman, M Kox, P Pickkers, A García-de la Torre, M de la Torre-Prados, A Fernández-Porcel, C Rueda-Molina, P Nuevo-Ortega, T Tsvetanova-Spasova, E Cámara-Sola, A García-Alcántara, L Salido-Díaz, X Liao, T Feng, J Zhang, X Cao, Q Wu, Z Xie, H Li, Y Kang, M S Winkler, A Nierhaus, E Mudersbach, A Bauer, L Robbe, C Zahrte, E Schwedhelm, S Kluge, C Zöllner, B Morton, E Mitsi, S H Pennington, J Reine, A D Wright, R Parker, I D Welters, J D Blakey, G Rajam, E W Ades, D M Ferreira, D Wang, A Kadioglu, S B Gordon, R Koch, M 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Gerretsen, Q de Mast, S El Messaoudi, G Rongen, M Gomes, M Kox, P Pickkers, N P Riksen, Y Kashiwagi, M Okada, K Hayashi, Y Inagaki, S Fujita, M N Nakamae, Y R Kang, R B Souza, A M A Liberatore, I H J Koh, A Blet, M Sadoune, J Lemarié, N Bihry, R Bern, E Polidano, R Merval, J M Launay, B Lévy, J L Samuel, A Mebazaa, J Hartmann, S Harm, V Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Akinobu Kamei, Geli Gao, Geoffrey Neale, Lip Nam Loh, Peter Vogel, Paul G Thomas, Elaine I Tuomanen, Peter J Murray
Infection is the single greatest threat to survival during cancer chemotherapy because of depletion of bone marrow-derived immune cells. Phagocytes, especially neutrophils, are key effectors in immunity to extracellular pathogens, which has limited the development of new approaches to protect patients with cancer and chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. Using a model of vaccine-induced protection against lethal Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia in the setting of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, we found a population of resident lung macrophages in the immunized lung that mediated protection in the absence of neutrophils, bone marrow-derived monocytes, or antibodies...
October 11, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Erika Simmerman, Xu Qin, Brendan Marshall, Libby Perry, Lei Cai, Tailing Wang, Jack Yu, Omid Akbari, Babak Baban
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate reconstructions demonstrate significantly lower surgical site infection rates compared with clean-contaminated cases, prompting investigation into the pathophysiology causing this discrepancy. Recent studies have identified a new group of innate lymphocytes called innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), located in barrier surfaces of the skin, airways, and intestine. Our objectives were to explore for the first time the presence of ILCs in the vermillion of neonates and young children undergoing cleft lip reconstruction and characterize their composition by measuring the three classes of ILCs...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Tian Qian, Fangru Chen, Xiaowei Shi, Jian Li, Min Li, Yan Chen, Fei Hao, Dongmei Zhang
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β (C/EBP β), TNF-alpha-induced protein 3 (TNFAIP3), and TNFAIP3-interacting protein 1 (TNIP1) expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients to assess their relationship in SLE pathogenesis. METHODS: C/EBP β, TNIP1, and TNFAIP3 expression was assessed in PBMCs from 20 SLE patients and 20 controls by western blotting. The correlation between C/EBP β/TNFAIP3/TNIP1 expression and SLE disease activity was determined by Spearman's rank...
September 23, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
Jong-Yil Chai, Woon-Mok Sohn, Byoung-Kuk Na, Hoo-Gn Jeoung, Muth Sinuon, Duong Socheat
Stellantchasmus falcatus (Digenea: Heterophyidae) is first reported from Cambodia through recovery of the metacercariae from mullet fish and adult flukes from an experimentally infected hamster. We purchased 7 mullets, Chelon macrolepis, in a local market of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and each of them was examined by the artificial digestion method on May 2010. The metacercariae of S. falcatus were detected in all mullets (100%) examined, and their average density was 177 per fish. They were elliptical, 220×168 μm in average size...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Heidrun Schaaf, Heiko Kerkmann, Felix Pitka, Niko Christian Bock, Sameh Attia
BACKGROUND: Tooth replantation after traumatic avulsion or transplantation is a challenge in oral surgery. A special method named auto-alloplastic replantation, in which a titanium post is used after extraoral endodontic treatment, combines several advantages. The treatment is performed in one step with no further endodontic intervention, no wide root canal instrumentation, no recontamination, and reduced endodontic infection. This is the first report on replantation of an ectopic tooth in a patient with a cleft lip and alveolus using this method...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Nanda Kishore Sahoo, Ajay P Desai, Indranil Deb Roy, Vishal Kulkarni
Breach in the palatal vault leading to an abnormal communication between oral and nasal cavity is known as oro-nasal communication. It is an uncommon presentation in day-to-day clinical practice except in some patients of cleft lip and palate.Etiology may be congenital or acquired. Alveolar and palatal cleft defects are the most common etiological factor. The acquired causes may be trauma, periapical pathology, infections, neoplasms, postsurgical complications, and radio and chemo necrosis.Clinical features like nasal regurgitation of food, defective speech, fetid odor, bad taste, and upper respiratory tract and ear infection are associated with oro-nasal communication...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Shrikant V Rege, Harshad Patil
Schizencephaly is an extremely rare developmental birth defect characterized by abnormal slits or clefts in the cerebral hemispheres extending from the lateral ventricle to the cerebral cortex. The margins of the cleft are lined with heterotropic, dysplastic gray matter. The causes of schizencephaly are heterogeneous and include teratogens, prenatal infarction/infections, maternal trauma, or EMX2 mutations. This condition is present at birth and manifests early in life.
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Sílvia U Gallani, Fernanda de A Sebastião, Gustavo M R Valladão, André Z Boaratti, Fabiana Pilarski
The present study was carried out to identify and describe the pathology of the freshwater angelfish Pterophyllum scalare during chronic mortality in an in-door aquaculture system. Scraping of the integument and gills and the collection of intestinal contents to search for external and internal parasites were performed. Kidneys were collected aseptically for the microbiological analysis and the isolates were subjected to antibiotics to test for susceptibility. Subsequently, necropsy for macroscopic assessment and collection of internal organs for histopathology were performed...
September 4, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Yong Wang, Xing Yu, Ping Wang, Chundi Miao, Qiuping Xie, Haichao Yan, Qunzi Zhao, Maolin Zhang, Cheng Xiang
BACKGROUND: Transoral endoscopic approach is the natural orifice surgery applied in thyroidectomy to achieve an excellent cosmetic result. Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury is the most common complication and little advancement was achieved in the previous clinical studies of transoral thyroid surgery. Herein, we introduced the method of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) for transoral endoscopic thyroid surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with thyroid carcinoma received transoral endoscopic thyroid surgery through vestibular approach (TOETVA) for thyroidectomy and central node dissection (CND)...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Mosab Ahmadi, M Amir Karimi Torshizi, Shaban Rahimi, John J Dennehy
Infections caused by Salmonella bacteria, often through poultry products, are a serious public health issue. Because of drawbacks associated with antibiotic prophylaxis, alternative treatments are sought. Bacterial viruses (bacteriophages) may provide an effective alternative, but concerns remain with respect to bacteriophage stability and effectiveness. To this end, we assessed the stability of a novel bacteriophage isolated from poultry excreta, siphovirus PSE, and its effectiveness in reducing Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis colonization in vitro and in vivo...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Kareem Morsy, Abdel Rahman Bashtar, Saleh Al Quraishy, Salma Adel
Parasitic gastroenteritis (PGE) caused by infection of the gut with parasitic nematodes is one of the most important diseases of livestock animals from both financial and welfare perspectives. Parascaris equorum and Habronema microstoma are of the most endemic nematodes of the world which are currently the major cause of PGE of the domestic horses in Egypt. The present investigation introduced the first morphological description of these nematodes recovered from the domestic horse, Equus ferus caballus (Equidae), in Egypt by light and scanning electron microscopy...
November 2016: Parasitology Research
Jop P Verweij, Pascal N W J Houppermans, Peter Gooris, Gertjan Mensink, J P Richard van Merkesteyn
The most common complications that are associated with bilateral sagittal split osteotomy are: bad splits, postoperative infection, removal of osteosynthesis material, and neurosensory disturbances of the lower lip. Particularly in elective orthognathic surgery, it is important that surgeons inform their patients about the risk of these complications and attempt to minimize these risks. The purpose of this literature review and meta-analysis is to provide an overview of these common complications and their risk factors...
September 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
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