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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523362/transoral-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-our-initial-experience-using-a-new-endoscopic-technique
#1
Jun-Ook Park, Dong-Il Sun
BACKGROUND: A transoral approach has been experimentally introduced to the field of thyroid surgery and several groups in Asia have recently used the technique to treat patients. We performed transoral endoscopic thyroidectomies on patients with thyroid cancer or a benign tumor. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent transoral endoscopic thyroid surgery between July 2016 and January 2017. A midline incision was made in the vestibule, and a 10 mm cannula was placed; then, the working space was widened by insufflating CO2 at a pressure of 5-6 mmHg...
May 18, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512371/first-report-of-the-spiral-nematode-helicotylenchus-microlobus-infecting-soybean-in-north-dakota
#2
Guiping Yan, Addison Plaisance, Danqiong Huang, Zafar A Handoo
Spiral nematodes (Helicotylenchus spp.) are common plant-parasitic nematodes in fields of many crops. In June 2015, two soil samples were collected from a soybean field in Richland County, ND. Nematodes were extracted from soil using the sugar centrifugal flotation method (Jenkins, 1964). Plant-parasitic nematodes were identified to genus based on morphological features and counted. Both samples contained spiral nematodes from 1,500 to 3,300 per kilogram of soil. In June and August 2016, 10 soil samples were collected from the same field...
March 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482929/ivermectin-induced-steven-johnsons-syndrome-case-report
#3
Desmond Aroke, Diego Nitcheu Tchouakam, Alexis Tazinya Awungia, Sylvester Yari Mapoh, Stewart Ndutard Ngassa, Benjamin Momo Kadia
BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson syndrome is one of the manifestations of mucocutaneous adverse drug reactions. Although antimicrobials are responsible for greater than 50% of these adverse drug reactions, there is no documented case implicating ivermectin as the culprit. A 38 year old adult Cameroonian male presented to our health facility with facial rash, painful oral sores, black eschars on lips and red tearing eyes 3 days following ingestion of ivermectin received during a nationwide anti-filarial campaign...
May 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476075/drugs-for-discoid-lupus-erythematosus
#4
REVIEW
Sue Jessop, David A Whitelaw, Matthew J Grainge, Prativa Jayasekera
BACKGROUND: Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic form of cutaneous lupus, which can cause scarring. Many drugs have been used to treat this disease and some (such as thalidomide, cyclophosphamide and azathioprine) are potentially toxic. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2009. We wanted to update the review to assess whether any new information was available to treat DLE, as we were still unsure of the effectiveness of available drugs and how to select the most appropriate treatment for an individual with DLE...
May 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458768/early-diagnosis-in-familial-glucocorticoid-deficiency
#5
Fatima Al Jneibi, Tawfiq Hen, Jaishen Rajah, Rajendran Nair
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD) is a rare autosomal recessive condition, characterized by marked atrophy of zona fasiculata and reticalaris with preservation of zona glomerulosa. Out of more than 50 published cases, 18 patients died as a result of glucocorticoid insufficiency. The main objective of this report is to emphasize the early diagnosis and treatment in our 17 month-old patient. Her presenting features following an upper respiratory tract infection were hypoglycemia, seizures as well as deep hyperpigmentation of the limbs and lips...
2017: Dermato-endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456452/oral-mass-revealing-ch%C3%A3-diak-higashi-syndrome
#6
T Tsuji, Y Uemura, Y Nakamura, S Nonoyama
This case report describes common oral inflammatory findings leading to the identification of Chédiak-Higashi syndrome (CHS). A 15-year-old girl presented with an enlarging and painful mass on the upper lip. Two weeks after the initial visit, the mass showed further protrusion in the absence of fever. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-circumscribed cystic lesion with a thick capsule, and suggested an abscess derived from the mucous cyst in the upper lip. Inflammation indices were not elevated; however neutrophils were significantly lower than the normal level...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447325/interferon-free-therapy-with-sofosbuvir-plus-ribavirin-for-successful-treatment-of-genotype-2-hepatitis-c-virus-with-lichen-planus-a-case-report
#7
Ayumu Yoshikawa, Katsumi Terashita, Kenichi Morikawa, Soichiro Matsuda, Takahiro Yamamura, Koichiro Sarashina, Shintaro Nakano, Yoshimitsu Kobayashi, Susumu Sogabe, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Shin Haba, Hisashi Oda, Tatsuro Takahashi, Takuto Miyagishima, Naoya Sakamoto
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains the main cause of liver disease and can lead to chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV may also develop extrahepatic manifestations in the skin, eyes, joints, kidneys, nervous system, and immune system. In fact, several studies reported that up to 70% of HCV patients experienced extrahepatic manifestations. Lichen planus (LP), which is an immune system disorder that is triggered by viral infections, allergens, and stress, can affect the skin, mouth, nails, and scalp...
June 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426400/morphological-description-of-cosmocerca-sp-nematoda-cosmocerdidae-from-the-mascarene-grass-frog-ptychadena-cf-mascareniensis-amphibia-ptychadenidae-a-light-and-scanning-electron-microscopic-studies
#8
Rewaida Abdel-Gaber, Fathy Abdel-Ghaffar, Reem Kamel, Sherein Maher, Nashwa El Deeb, Saleh Al Quraishy, Heinz Mehlhorn
The Mascarene grass frog Ptychadena cf. mascareniensis is a species of frog with a vast area of distribution in Africa. A total of 300 frog specimens were collected from different localities at El-Giza province, Egypt; then dissected and examined for the presence of parasitic infection. Only eighty six (28.66%) specimens were found to be naturally infected with nematode parasite. Seasonally, the prevalence of infection was reached its maximum value of 74.66% during summer and minimum values of 26.66% (20/75), 13...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422366/oral-paracoccidioidomycosis-retrospective-analysis-of-55-brazilian-patients
#9
Aline Heloísa Trindade, Henrique Côrtes Meira, Igor Figueiredo Pereira, Julio César Tanos de Lacerda, Ricardo Alves de Mesquita, Vagner Rodrigues Santos
Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a rare fungal infection in the world, but endemic and acquired exclusively in Latin America, with the highest prevalence in South America and Brazil, particularly. Changes in oral cavity are common and constitute the first clinical manifestation in many patients. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of oral PCM and analyse the profile of the disease and patients. Retrospective research, consisting of information present in the medical records in the period 1998-2015, whose histopathological diagnosis was oral PCM...
April 19, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405551/spectrum-of-lip-lesions-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-an-epidemiological-study-of-3009-indian-patients
#10
Shivani Bansal, Sana Shaikh, Rajiv S Desai, Islam Ahmad, Pavan Puri, Pooja Prasad, Pankaj Shirsat, Dipali Gundre
AIM: Large-scale population-based screening studies have identified lip lesions to be the most common oral mucosal lesions; however, few studies have been carried out to estimate the prevalence of lip lesions exclusively. The aim of present study is to highlight the diversity of lip lesions and determine their prevalence in an unbiased Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lip lesions were selected from 3009 patients who visited the department over a period of 3 years (January 2012 to December 2014)...
March 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388963/minimally-invasive-versus-open-distal-pancreatectomy-leopard-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Thijs de Rooij, Jony van Hilst, Jantien A Vogel, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Marieke T de Boer, Djamila Boerma, Peter B van den Boezem, Bert A Bonsing, Koop Bosscha, Peter-Paul Coene, Freek Daams, Ronald M van Dam, Marcel G Dijkgraaf, Casper H van Eijck, Sebastiaan Festen, Michael F Gerhards, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Jeroen Hagendoorn, Erwin van der Harst, Ignace H de Hingh, Cees H Dejong, Geert Kazemier, Joost Klaase, Ruben H de Kleine, Cornelis J van Laarhoven, Daan J Lips, Misha D Luyer, I Quintus Molenaar, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs, Gijs A Patijn, Daphne Roos, Joris J Scheepers, George P van der Schelling, Pascal Steenvoorde, Rutger-Jan Swijnenburg, Jan H Wijsman, Moh'd Abu Hilal, Olivier R Busch, Marc G Besselink
BACKGROUND: Observational cohort studies have suggested that minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) is associated with better short-term outcomes compared with open distal pancreatectomy (ODP), such as less intraoperative blood loss, lower morbidity, shorter length of hospital stay, and reduced total costs. Confounding by indication has probably influenced these findings, given that case-matched studies failed to confirm the superiority of MIDP. This accentuates the need for multicenter randomized controlled trials, which are currently lacking...
April 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386076/quantitative-humoral-profiling-of-the-hiv-1-proteome-in-elite-controllers-and-patients-with-very-long-term-efficient-antiretroviral-therapy
#12
Wang Zhang, Mohammed M Morshed, Kajsa Noyan, Aman Russom, Anders Sönnerborg, Ujjwal Neogi
A major challenge in evaluating the success of HIV eradication approaches is the need for accurate measurement of persistent HIV during effective antiretroviral therapy (ART). Previous studies have reported that the anti-HIV antibody assay "luciferase immuno-precipitation systems (LIPS)" can distinguish HIV-infected individuals harboring different sizes of the viral reservoirs. We performed antibody profiling of HIV-1 proteomes using LIPS in viremic progressors (n = 38), elite controllers (ECs; n = 19) and patients with fully suppressive long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART) (n = 19) (mean 17 years)...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356697/orofacial-cysticercosis-report-of-a-rare-case-with-review-of-literature
#13
Sharad Chand, Madan Mishra, Gaurav Singh, Abhishek Singh, Sapna Tandon
Cysticercosis is common in developing countries in which the combination of rural society, crowding, and poor sanitation facilities allows greater contact between humans and pigs and thus more opportunities for fecal contamination of food and water occurs. They are rarely located in oral and perioral tissues, particularly in the muscles of mastication, muscle of the facial expression, suprahyoid muscles, and postcervical musculature and also as in the tongue, buccal mucosa, and lip. Cysticercosis is a potentially fatal parasitic disease that rarely found in the maxillofacial region in humans...
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356686/evaluating-the-use-of-octyl-2-cyanoacrylate-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-repair
#14
Vijaylaxmy Malhotra, J K Dayashankara Rao, Varun Arya, Shalender Sharma, Sushil Singh, Payal Luthra
BACKGROUND: Facial cosmetic results are one of the most concerning issues for the parents who get their children operated for cleft lip. Moreover, the postoperative care of the surgical site, the discomfort associated with the suture removal, and additional visit for suture removal are other reasons which encourages one to use any new technologies that may replace the need for suture placement. In this study, we used octyl-2-cyanoacrylate, a tissue adhesive which offers a viable alternative to traditional techniques without compromising optimal wound closure...
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322333/squamous-epitheliotropism-of-enterovirus-a71-in-human-epidermis-and-oral-mucosa
#15
Win Kyaw Phyu, Kien Chai Ong, Chee Kwan Kong, Abdul Khalil Alizan, Tindivanam Muthurangam Ramanujam, Kum Thong Wong
Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is a self-limiting paediatric infectious disease commonly caused by Enterovirus A71 (Genus: Enterovirus, Family: Picornaviridae). Typical lesions in and around the hands, feet, oral cavity and other places may rarely be complicated by acute flaccid paralysis and acute encephalomyelitis. Although virus is readily cultured from skin vesicles and oral secretions, the cellular target/s of Enterovirus A71 in human skin and oral mucosa are unknown. In Enterovirus A71-infected human skin and oral mucosa organotypic cultures derived from the prepuce and lip biopsies, focal viral antigens and viral RNA were localized to cytoplasm of epidermal and mucosal squamous cells as early as 2 days post-infection...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299270/6-0-nylon-versus-6-0-vicryl-rapide-in-chieloplasty
#16
J K Dayashankara Rao, Payal Luthra, Varun Arya, Vijay Siwach, Anil K Sheorain, Megha Gupta
CONTEXT: Facial cosmetic result is one of the most concerning issues for the parents who get their children operated for cleft lip. Moreover, the discomfort associated with the suture removal encourages one to use any new technology that may replace the need for suture placement. The type of suture material used in surgery has been a long-standing debate among surgeons. In this study, we compared rapidly absorbable suture material (Vicryl Rapide™) with nonabsorbable suture material (nylon)...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292285/congenital-malformations-and-medical-conditions-associated-with-orofacial-clefts-in-children-in-burkina-faso
#17
Kisito Nagalo, Isso Ouédraogo, Jean-Martin Laberge, Louise Caouette-Laberge, Jean Turgeon
BACKGROUND: Orofacial clefts are usually isolated cases but can be associated with other congenital malformations that are either recognised or unrecognised syndromes. The reported prevalence and pattern of such associated malformations, however, vary among studies. OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequencies and aetiologies of congenital malformations and associated medical conditions in children with orofacial clefts in Burkina Faso (Western Africa). METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out at the El Fateh-Suka Clinic in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso...
March 14, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280713/stevens-johnson-syndrome-and-abuse-of-anabolic-steroids
#18
Serena Cocca, Massimo Viviano
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is characterized by mucocutaneous tenderness and typical hemorrhagic erosions, erythema and epidermal detachment presenting as blisters and areas of denuded skin. SJS is often observed after drug use as well as after bacterial or viral infections. Several drugs are at high risk of inducing SJS, but there are no cases in the English literature regarding anabolic steroid use triggering SJS. In our paper, we describe a case in which use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) was associated with SJS...
February 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275537/a-histologically-proven-case-of-lymphocytic-interstitial-pneumonia-in-a-hiv-infected-adult-with-an-undetectable-viral-load
#19
Sarah Assaf, Pujan Patel, David Stoeckel
Lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia (LIP) is on the spectrum of lymphoproliferative diseases that can affect the lungs. Although common in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children, it is rarely reported in adults. A 51-year-old HIV infected female patient presented with worsening dyspnea over five months. She had radiological findings of bilateral lung nodular infiltrates. Her CD4 count was 835 cells/uL and her HIV viral load was undetectable. Bronchoalveolar lavage did not yield any infectious pathogen...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259434/effect-of-yeasts-on-biodegradation-potential-of-immobilized-cultures-of-white-rot-fungi
#20
Pavlína Šlosarčíková, Čeněk Novotný, Kateřina Malachová, Hana Válková, Jindřich Fojtík
The aim was to investigate the effect of yeast organisms on the degradation process by immobilized cultures of ligninolytic fungi. Immobilization was accomplished by 7-day colonization of polyamide mesh with mycelial fragments. Irpex lacteus decolorized >90% of the initial concentration of 150mgl(-1) of anthraquinone Remazol Brilliant Blue R dye in three subsequent decolorization cycles and the degradation capacity was not negatively affected by the presence of 10(6)Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells per ml in the mixed culture...
March 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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