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Lip infection

Amanda Bonalume Cordeiro de Morais, Carmen Alicia Daza Bolaños, Ana Carolina Alves, Cássia Yumi Ikuta, Gustavo Henrique Batista Lara, Marcos Bryan Heinemann, Rogério Giuffrida, Fernando Paganini Listoni, Mateus de Souza Ribeiro Mioni, Rodrigo Garcia Motta, Shinji Takai, Márcio Garcia Ribeiro
Mycobacterium species and the virulence-associated proteins (vapA, vapB, and vapN genes) of Rhodococcus equi isolated from 330 lymph nodes of collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) and white-lipped peccaries (Tayassu pecari) intended for human consumption were investigated. Thirty-six (10.9%) R. equi strains were isolated; 3.3% (n = 11/330) were from white-lipped peccary lymph nodes, and 7.6% (25/330) were from collared peccary lymph nodes. Among the 11 isolates of R. equi from the white-lipped peccaries, 90...
March 15, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Maxime Cadieux-Dion, Nicole P Safina, Kendra Engleman, Carol Saunders, Elena Repnikova, Nikita Raje, Kristi Canty, Emily Farrow, Neil Miller, Lee Zellmer, Isabelle Thiffault
BACKGROUND: Ectodermal dysplasias (ED) are a group of diseases that affects the development or function of the teeth, hair, nails and exocrine and sebaceous glands. One type of ED, ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defects-cleft lip/palate syndrome (AEC or Hay-Wells syndrome), is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by the presence of skin erosions affecting the palms, soles and scalp. Other clinical manifestations include ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum, cleft lip, cleft palate, craniofacial abnormalities and ectodermal defects such as sparse wiry hair, nail changes, dental changes, and subjective hypohydrosis...
March 9, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
Kimberly Y Won, Keri Robinson, Katy L Hamlin, Joseph Tufa, Margaret Seespesara, Ryan E Wiegand, Katherine Gass, Joseph Kubofcik, Thomas B Nutman, Patrick J Lammie, Saipale Fuimaono
BACKGROUND: Current WHO recommendations for lymphatic filariasis (LF) surveillance advise programs to implement activities to monitor for new foci of transmission after stopping mass drug administration (MDA). A current need in the global effort to eliminate LF is to standardize diagnostic tools and surveillance activities beyond the recommended transmission assessment survey (TAS). METHODOLOGY: TAS was first conducted in American Samoa in 2011 (TAS 1) and a repeat TAS was carried out in 2015 (TAS 2)...
March 9, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Katarzyna Klysik, Aneta Pietraszek, Anna Karewicz, Maria Nowakowska
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex (HSV) viruses are widely spread, highly contagious human pathogens. The statistics indicate that 50-90% of adults worldwide are seropositive for these viruses, mainly HSV-1 and HSV-2. The primary infection results in the appearance of watery blisters (cold sores) on the skin, lips, tongue, buccal mucosa or genitals. The ocular infection is the major cause of corneal blindness in the Western World. Once the HSV virus enters human body it cannot be completely eradicated because HSV viruses are able to change into their latent form which can survive the treatment...
March 8, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Carolina R Marotta, Priscilla N Dos Santos, Matheus D Cordeiro, Juliana Helena Da S Barros, Lesley Bell-Sakyi, Adivaldo H Fonseca
Parasites of the genus Trypanosoma are microorganisms that display wide morphological, biological and genetic variability. Here we present the first description of an isolate of the genus Trypanosoma naturally infecting the tick Amblyomma brasiliense . The ticks were collected from a specimen of Tayassu pecari (Queixada, white-lipped peccary) from the Itatiaia National Park, Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The isolate was characterised by molecular, morphometric and biological analyses. A Trypanosoma culture was isolated from crushed nymphal and adult ticks, propagated in the tick cell line IDE8 and maintained in L15B culture medium, incubated at 32 °C...
2018: Parasitology Open
Lili Xu, Yueniu Zhu, Jing Yu, Mengyan Deng, Xiaodong Zhu
RATIONALE: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is an acute blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes. SJS in children is not common but potentially serious disease. But the epidemiology of SJS in China is not well defined. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 6-year-old boy was initially diagnosed as pneumonia admitted to hospital after admission, and the body appears red rash with blisters, skin damage, lip debaucjed, repeated high fever, and rapid progression. DIAGNOSES: SJS often results from an allergy reaction response to a range of drugs...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Justin L Makovicka, Joshua S Bingham, Karan A Patel, Simon W Young, Christopher P Beauchamp, Mark J Spangehl
BACKGROUND: Positive-pressure exhaust suits cost more than standard surgical gowns, and recent evidence suggests that they do not decrease infection risk. As a result, some hospitals and surgeons have abandoned positive-pressure exhaust suits in favor of less expensive alternatives. We propose that in addition to their original purpose of decreasing infection rates, positive-pressure exhaust suits may also improve personal protection for the surgeon and assistants, perhaps justifying their added costs...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
R-S de Andrade, E-M de Freitas, B-A Rocha, E-S Gusmão, M-R-M Filho, H-M Júnior
BACKGROUND: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum. However, there are of hematogenic and vertical transmission. All health care professionals must be aware of the manifestations of this condition, such as oral lesions. OBJECTIVES: This study to analyze and compare four clinical cases of syphilis that were diagnosed based on lesions in the oral cavity with published literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four patients with a confirmed sorologic and clinical diagnosis of syphilis were examined, confirmated from manifestation of oral lesions together with analysis of serological laboratory tests and histopathological analyses...
February 24, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
B J A Smarius, C H A L Guillaume, G Jonker, A B Mink van der Molen, C C Breugem
OBJECTIVES: Throat packs are commonly used to prevent ingestion or aspiration of blood and other debris during cleft lip/palate surgery. However, dislodgement or (partial) retainment after extubation could have serious consequences. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of omitting pharyngeal packing during cleft lip/palate surgery on the incidence of early postoperative complications in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on all children who underwent cleft lip/palate surgery at the Wilhelmina Children's Hospital...
February 22, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Morten Tryland, Kimberlee Beth Beckmen, Kathleen Ann Burek-Huntington, Eva Marie Breines, Joern Klein
BACKGROUND: The zoonotic Orf virus (ORFV; genus Parapoxvirus, Poxviridae family) occurs worldwide and is transmitted between sheep and goats, wildlife and man. Archived tissue samples from 16 Alaskan wildlife cases, representing mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus, n = 8), Dall's sheep (Ovis dalli dalli, n = 3), muskox (Ovibos moschatus, n = 3), Sitka black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis, n = 1) and caribou (Rangifer tarandus granti, n = 1), were analyzed. RESULTS: Clinical signs and pathology were most severe in mountain goats, affecting most mucocutaneous regions, including palpebrae, nares, lips, anus, prepuce or vulva, as well as coronary bands...
February 21, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Rosalind Ashton, Karen W Wong, Miriam Weinstein
BACKGROUND: Erythema multiforme (EM) is a mucocutaneous disease most often associated with preceding herpes simplex virus or Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. It is characterized by targetoid lesions occurring on the limbs and head and neck. Mucosal involvement can be extensive. OBJECTIVE: We report a case of lip adhesion as a complication of EM in a child who required corrective surgery and review similar oral commissure complications. METHODS: We completed a review of the literature for similar cases using PubMed and Medline...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Débora V C Mendonça, Vívian T Martins, Daniela P Lage, Daniel S Dias, Patrícia A F Ribeiro, Ana Maria R S Carvalho, Anna Letícia T Dias, Carolina K Miyazaki, Daniel Menezes-Souza, Bruno M Roatt, Carlos A P Tavares, José Mário Barichello, Mariana C Duarte, Eduardo A F Coelho
Amphotericin B (Amp) has been well-successfully used to treat against Leishmania infection, although high toxicity has been found in patients. In the present study, Amp was administered in Leishmania infantum-infected BALB/c mice by three distinct delivery systems aiming to compare their efficacy against challenge infection, as well as their side effects in a murine visceral leishmaniasis (VL) model. This product was administered in a Poloxamer P407 (Pluronic ® F127)-based polymeric micelle system (Amp/M), in the Ambisome ® formulation (Lip-Amp) or in a free format (free Amp)...
February 12, 2018: Experimental Parasitology
Fang Peng, Li-Li Zhong, Xiao-Juan Lin, Min Chen, Miao Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution characteristics and clinical features of Burkholderia cepacia infection in children. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 16 children with Burkholderia cepacia infection who were hospitalized between June 2012 and September 2017. RESULTS: All 16 children with Burkholderia cepacia infection were sporadic cases. A total of 16 strains of Burkholderia cepacia were isolated, among which 8 were detected by sputum culture, 5 were detected by blood culture, 2 were detected by tracheal intubation tip culture, and 1 was detected by lung biopsy culture...
February 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Ahrar Khan, M Kashif Saleemi, Farah Ali, Muhammad Abubakar, Riaz Hussain, Rao Zahid Abbas, Imtiaz Ahmad Khan
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), an economically important viral transboundary disease of small ruminants is not only prevalent in Pakistan but also in other countries where people rely on agriculture and animal products. The present study was aimed at describing the pathology and antigen localization in natural PPR infections in local (Kajli sheep; Beetal goats) as well as imported small ruminant breeds (Dorper sheep; Australian Boer goat). Morbidity and mortality rates were significantly (P < 0.001) higher in indigenous Kajli sheep (75...
February 7, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Kristofor K Ellestad, Govindarajan Thangavelu, Yohannes Haile, Jiaxin Lin, Louis Boon, Colin C Anderson
Lymphopenia can result from various factors, including viral infections, clinical interventions, or as a normal property of the fetal/neonatal period. T cells in a lymphopenic environment undergo lymphopenia-induced proliferation (LIP) to fill the available "niche" as defined by peptide-MHC and homeostatic cytokine resources. We recently reported systemic autoimmunity following reconstitution of the lymphoid compartment of Rag1-/- mice with PD-1-/- hematopoietic stem cells or by transfer of thymocytes, but not splenocytes, suggesting that programmed death-1 (PD-1) plays a crucial role in controlling recent thymic emigrants (RTE) and preventing autoimmunity upon their LIP...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Maria Subash Aaron Muthuraj, Arun Parappa Maradi, Srihari Janakiram, Koshy Chithresan
Tuberculosis (TB) is an inflammatory granulomatous disease that rarely presents as primary lesion in gingiva. Gingival involvement has been reported in only a very limited number of cases. A 13-year-old boy presented with gingival enlargement in the maxillary and mandibular anterior region associated with enlargement of lower lip with no systemic manifestations. He had a history of tuberculous lymphadenitis before 5 years which was inadequately treated. The patient's erythrocyte sedimentation rate was 70 mm/h...
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
JianYing Wang, Tong Zhang, Yi Lu, GuangYa Zhou, Qin Chen, Bing Niu
BACKGROUND: Vesicular stomatitis (VS) is an important viral disease of livestock. The main feature of VS is irregular blisters that occur on the lips, tongue, oral mucosa, hoof crown and nipple. Humans can also be infected with vesicular stomatitis and develop meningitis. This study analyses 2014 American VS outbreaks in order to accurately predict vesicular stomatitis outbreak trends. METHODS: American VS outbreaks data were collected from OIE. The data for VS keywords were obtained by inputting 24 disease-related keywords into Google Trends...
2018: PloS One
Alexandre R Vieira, Ariadne Letra, Renato M Silva, Jose M Granjeiro, Takehiko Shimizu, Fernando A Poletta, Juan C Mereb, Eduardo E Castilla, Iêda M Orioli
The 19q13 locus has been linked to cleft lip and palate by our group and independently by others. Here we fine mapped the region in an attempt to identify an etiological variant that can explain cleft lip and palate occurrence. A total of 2739 individuals born with cleft lip and palate, related to individuals born with cleft lip and palate, and unrelated were studied. We used linkage and association approaches to fine map the interval between D19S714 and D19S433 and genotypes were defined by the use of TaqMan chemistry...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Chew Lip Ng, Xuandao Liu, Nicholas Jin Hong Tan, Vyas Malur Narayan Prasad, Pyng Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 26, 2018: Thorax
Syed Ahmed Taqi
Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (cotrimoxazole or TMP/SMX) is commonly used for the treatment of urinary or lower respiratory tract infections. A comprehensive review is presented of the world literature on adverse reactions to TMP/SMX since its first use in 1968, when concern was expressed about possible hematologic toxicity. The adverse reactions to TMP/SMX occur in approximately 1%-3% of persons in general population. Here, we report a case of oral erythema multiforme (EM) secondary to TMP/SMX that presented with oral and lip ulcerations typical of EM without any skin lesions and highlights the importance of distinguishing them from other ulcerative disorders involving oral cavity...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
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