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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351077/molecular-and-morphological-characterisation-of-rhabdias-picardiae-junker-lhermitte-vallarino-et-bain-2010-nematoda-rhabdiasidae-from-delaland-s-river-frog-amietia-delalandii-dum%C3%A3-ril-et-bibron-1841-amphibia-pyxicephalidae-in-south-africa
#1
Roman Svitin, Yuriy Kuzmin, Louis du Preez
Rhabdias picardiae previously known from the Guttural Toad, Sclerophrys gutturalis (Bufonidae) is described from a new host, Delaland's River Frog, Amietia delalandii (Pyxicephalidae). The species identification is confirmed by analysis of the COI gene sequence and morphological comparison with the original description. Morphological details of apical structures in adult parasitic R. picardiae, namely, the shape and position of lips, the number and position of external labial papillae, and the buccal capsule morphology are described using light and scanning electron microscopy...
March 26, 2018: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351041/a-new-technique-in-alveolar-cleft-bone-grafting-for-dental-implant-placement-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#2
Vo Van Nhan, Le Van Son, Ta Anh Tuan, Nguyen Tai Son, Trinh Dinh Hai, Le Duc Lanh, Nguyen Manh Ha, Lam Dai Phong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 2 iliac corticocancellous-block grafting techniques for dental implant placement in residual alveolar clefts. DESIGN: Nonrandomized prospective clinical trial between March 2010 and December 2014. SETTING: National Hospital of Odonto-Stomatology, Hanoi, Vietnam. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two patients (23 female, 9 male; mean age, 21.28 years; range, 16-31 years) with unilateral complete alveolar cleft after reconstructive surgery for cleft lip and palate (CLP)...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351039/resorbable-plates-in-secondary-cleft-nasal-reconstruction
#3
Pey-Yi Lin, Anthony P Gibson, John F Teichgraeber, Matthew R Greives
OBJECTIVE: The authors report on the use and complications of alloplastic resorbable plates and compare their use to autologous cartilage grafts in secondary cleft nasal reconstruction. DESIGN: Institutional review board (IRB)-approved retrospective chart review. SETTING: Texas Cleft-Craniofacial Center at the McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Houston. PATIENTS: Patients with unilateral or bilateral cleft lip nasal deformity who have undergone secondary correction of their nasal deformity with at least 1-year follow-up...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291245/host-susceptibility-to-snake-fungal-disease-is-highly-dispersed-across-phylogenetic-and-functional-trait-space
#4
Frank T Burbrink, Jeffrey M Lorch, Karen R Lips
Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) reduce host population sizes, cause extinction, disassemble communities, and have indirect negative effects on human well-being. Fungal EIDs have reduced population abundances in amphibians and bats across many species over large areas. The recent emergence of snake fungal disease (SFD) may have caused declines in some snake populations in the Eastern United States (EUS), which is home to a phylogenetically and ecologically diverse assembly of 98 taxa. SFD has been documented in only 23 naturally occuring species, although this is likely an underestimate of the number of susceptible taxa...
December 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260063/results-with-the-boston-type-i-keratoprosthesis-after-acanthamoeba-keratitis
#5
Albert Santos, Luzia Diegues Silva, Luciene Barbosa de Sousa, Denise de Freitas, Lauro Augusto de Oliveira
Purpose: To report the outcomes of implantation of the Boston Type I keratoprosthesis in three patients with Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK), a severe infection that can lead to significant visual loss. Observations: Case series reporting three patients with difficult cases of AK that needed multiple corneal transplantations and glaucoma surgeries. All patients were implanted with the Boston Type I keratoprosthesis device. The main outcomes measure were the visual function and anatomical retention after implantation of the Boston Type I keratoprosthesis...
June 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258938/a-prospective-study-of-neuroendoscopy-versus-microscopy-213-cases-of-microvascular-decompression-for-trigeminal-neuralgia-performed-by-one-neurosurgeon
#6
Hui Xiang, Guangyong Wu, Jia Ouyang, Ruen Liu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and complications of microvascular decompression (MVD) by complete neuroendoscopy versus microscopy for 213 cases of trigeminal neuralgia (TN). METHODS: Between January 2014 and January 2016, 213 patients with TN were randomly assigned to the neuroendoscopy (n = 105) or microscopy (n = 114) group for MVD via the sub-occipital retrosigmoid approach. All procedures were performed by the same neurosurgeon. Follow-up was conducted by telephone interview...
December 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243512/the-relationship-between-hospital-construction-and-high-risk-infant-auditory-function-at-nicu-discharge-a-retrospective-descriptive-cohort-study
#7
Valerie Willis
PURPOSE: To describe the difference in auditory function at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge between high-risk infant cases exposed to hospital construction during NICU stay and those not exposed. BACKGROUND: Noise produced by routine NICU caregiving exceeds recommended intensity. As California hospitals undergo construction to meet seismic safety regulations, vulnerable neonates are potentially exposed to even higher levels of noise. Ramifications are unknown...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237782/elizabethkingia-anophelis-is-the-dominant-species-found-in-blood-cultures-singapore
#8
Ka Lip Chew, Bernadette Cheng, Raymond T P Lin, Jeanette W P Teo
Shortly after the discovery of Elizabethkingia anophelis from the mosquito Anopheles gambiae, clinically significant infections attributed to this species have been repeatedly described (1) including a large outbreak involving 69 isolates in Wisconsin, USA (2) and also an intensive-care unit outbreak that occurred at our hospital (3).….
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232939/clinical-and-economic-analysis-of-the-2009-h1n1-influenza-pandemic-among-pregnant-korean-women
#9
Won Suk Choi, Min Joo Choi, Ji Yoon Noh, Joon Young Song, Woo Joo Kim, Dae Won Park, Jacob Lee, Yu Bin Seo, Ji Hyeon Baek, Sooran Choi, Hee Jin Cheong
Background/Aims: Unlike Western countries, the 2009 pandemic influenza infection among pregnant women was reported as mild in a previous interim study in South Korea. However, several mortalities were reported thereafter, suggesting that nationwide data were lacking. Methods: This case-control study covers the entire 2009 pandemic inf luenza period, from May 2009 to February 2010. The clinical and economic data of pregnant (case) and age-matched non-pregnant (control) women with influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 virus (H1N1pdm09) infection were retrospectively collected from nine hospitals in South Korea...
December 15, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203193/fructose-1-6-bisphosphatase-deficiency-as-a%C3%A2-cause-of-recurrent-hypoglycemia-and-metabolic-acidosis-clinical-and-molecular-findings-in-malaysian-patients
#10
Lip Hen Moey, Nor Azimah Abdul Azize, Yusnita Yakob, Huey Yin Leong, Wee Teik Keng, Bee Chin Chen, Lock Hock Ngu
BACKGROUND: Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of gluconeogenesis. We reported the clinical findings and molecular genetic data in seven Malaysian patients with FBPase deficiency. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with FBPase deficiency from 2010 to 2015 were included in this study. Their clinical and laboratory data were collected retrospectively. RESULTS: All the patients presented with recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia, metabolic acidosis, hyperlactacidemia and hepatomegaly...
November 13, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202461/il-7-dependent-stat1-activation-limits-homeostatic-cd4-t-cell-expansion
#11
Cecile Le Saout, Megan A Luckey, Alejandro V Villarino, Mindy Smith, Rebecca B Hasley, Timothy G Myers, Hiromi Imamichi, Jung-Hyun Park, John J O'Shea, H Clifford Lane, Marta Catalfamo
IL-7 regulates homeostatic mechanisms that maintain the overall size of the T cell pool throughout life. We show that, under steady-state conditions, IL-7 signaling is principally mediated by activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 5 (STAT5). In contrast, under lymphopenic conditions, there is a modulation of STAT1 expression resulting in an IL-7-dependent STAT1 and STAT5 activation. Consequently, the IL-7-induced transcriptome is altered with enrichment of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs)...
November 16, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199347/-analysis-of-factors-affecting-soft-tissue-infection-after-oral-and-maxillofacial-debridement
#12
Liu-Hong Wang, Zheng Yang, Hui Yang, Xin-Tian Lou, Yi-Lin Wang, Xiang-Qun Qi
PURPOSE: To explore the factors affecting soft tissue infection after oral and maxillofacial debridement. METHODS: Fifty hundred patients with debridement were enrolled in this study from January 2013 to June 2016. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to soft tissue infection, 18 cases in infection group and 482 cases in non-infection group. Age, mean time to surgery, average length of stay, duration of antibiotics use, abbreviated injury scale (AIS), combined injuries, maxillofacial fractures, soft tissue injury, type of fracture, and history of diabetes were recorded and analyzed using SPSS 19...
August 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191518/new-paleoparasitological-investigations-from-the-pre-inca-to-hispanic-contact-period-in-northern-chile
#13
Mônica Vieira de Souza, Lucélia Guedes Ribeiro da Silva, Verónica Silva-Pinto, Pablo Mendez-Quiros, Sergio Augusto de Miranda Chaves, Alena Mayo Iñiguez
Paleoparasitological studies have demonstrated that changes in environment or culture are reflected in the patterns of parasitic infection diseases in populations worldwide. The advent of agriculture and animal domestication, with its accompanying reduction in human mobility and expanding population involves changes in or emergence of, parasites, the so-called first epidemiological transition. Cultural processes related to territory occupation contribute to both loss and acquisition of parasites. The archaeological site Lluta 57 in the Lluta Valley, Chile, provides a chronology of the transition from the pre-Inca or Late Intermediate Period (LIP), through the Late or Inca Period (LP), to the Hispanic Contact Period (HCP), providing the possibility of evaluating this epidemiological transition...
November 27, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190931/cancer-mortality-trends-in-an-industrial-district-of-shanghai-china-from-1974-to-2014-and-projections-to-2029
#14
Mi Li, Shuo Wang, Xue Han, Wenbin Liu, Jiahui Song, Hongwei Zhang, Jia Zhao, Fan Yang, Xiaojie Tan, Xi Chen, Yan Liu, Hui Li, Yibo Ding, Xiaoyu Du, Jianhua Yin, Rong Zhang, Guangwen Cao
We aimed to characterize the trends and projections of cancer mortalities in Yangpu, an industry restructuring district of Shanghai, China. With high-quality data from the death registration system, the authors analyzed the trends in cancer mortalities during 1974-2014 and their relationship with pollution control and socioeconomic improvements. Cancer burden was projected into 2029. During 1974-2014, cancer death accounted for 28.80% of all-cause death. The 5 leading causes of cancer death were cancers of the lung & bronchus, stomach, liver, colon & rectum, and esophagus...
November 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175626/modeling-the-pathology-immune-responses-and-kinetics-of-hsv-1-replication-in-the-lip-scarification-model
#15
Kevin P Egan, Alexander G Allen, Brian Wigdahl, Stephen R Jennings
The lip scarification model of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection can be used to study acute infection in the orofacial tissue and the establishment of viral latency. In this study, mice were inoculated with HSV-1 and tissue harvested during the acute phase of infection. Clinical presentation of classical open sores on the lip of infected mice was observed. We defined the histopathology, disease scores, and immune infiltration of the lower lip during the formation and resolution of the clinical lesions...
November 22, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172311/case-report-metastatic-infratemporal-soft-tissue-myeloma-presenting-as-a-numb-lower-lip
#16
Niamh Rice, Badrinarayanan Srinivasan, David Macpherson
This is a case of a patient presenting to his general dental practitioner (GDP) with altered sensation in his lower lip with no obvious cause. Due to a prompt referral, the patient was investigated and diagnosed with an extramedullary presentation of multiple myeloma. A numb lip can present in general dental practice, although this is not common. There are several causes, for example, dental infection or fractured mandible. Clinical relevance: It is very important for the dental practitioner to recognize when there could be a potential sinister underlying cause and prompt referral, under the two week rule referral system, is indicated...
January 2017: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163457/the-agr-quorum-sensing-system-represses-persister-formation-through-regulation-of-phenol-soluble-modulins-in-staphylococcus-aureus
#17
Tao Xu, Xu-Yang Wang, Peng Cui, Yu-Meng Zhang, Wen-Hong Zhang, Ying Zhang
The opportunistic pathogen Staphylococcus aureus has become an increasing threat to public health. While the Agr quorum sensing (QS) system is a master regulator of S. aureus virulence, its dysfunction has been frequently reported to promote bacteremia and mortality in clinical infections. Here we show that the Agr system is involved in persister formation in S. aureus. Mutation of either agrCA or agrD but not RNAIII resulted in increased persister formation of stationary phase cultures. RNA-seq analysis showed that in stationary phase AgrCA/AgrD and RNAIII mutants showed consistent up-regulation of virulence associated genes (lip and splE, etc...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140581/comparison-of-long-term-outcomes-between-pull-through-resection-and-mandibular-lip-split-surgery-for-t4a-tongue-floor-of-mouth-cancers
#18
Shih-Jung Cheng, Hui-Hsin Ko, Jang-Jaer Lee, Sang-Heng Kok
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the pull-through resection is better than the mandibular lip-split for advanced tongue/floor of mouth (FOM) cancers, which remains inconclusive. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 91 patients with T4a tongue/FOM cancers from 2009 to 2014. Cases with mandibular resection were excluded. The pull-through resection was used when the mouth opening was ≥15 mm; otherwise the mandibular lip-split was used...
January 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138321/in-vivo-bioluminescence-imaging-of-labile-iron-accumulation-in-a-murine-model-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-infection
#19
Allegra T Aron, Marie C Heffern, Zachery R Lonergan, Mark N Vander Wal, Brian R Blank, Benjamin Spangler, Yaofang Zhang, Hyo Min Park, Andreas Stahl, Adam R Renslo, Eric P Skaar, Christopher J Chang
Iron is an essential metal for all organisms, yet disruption of its homeostasis, particularly in labile forms that can contribute to oxidative stress, is connected to diseases ranging from infection to cancer to neurodegeneration. Iron deficiency is also among the most common nutritional deficiencies worldwide. To advance studies of iron in healthy and disease states, we now report the synthesis and characterization of iron-caged luciferin-1 (ICL-1), a bioluminescent probe that enables longitudinal monitoring of labile iron pools (LIPs) in living animals...
November 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094488/maternal-report-of-fever-from-cold-or-flu-during-early-pregnancy-and-the-risk-for-noncardiac-birth-defects-national-birth-defects-prevention-study-1997-2011
#20
Dorothy Kim Waller, Syed Shahrukh Hashmi, Adrienne T Hoyt, Hao T Duong, Sarah C Tinker, Michael Shayne Gallaway, Richard S Olney, Richard H Finnell, Jacqueline Tauber Hecht, Mark A Canfield
BACKGROUND: As maternal fever affects approximately 6-8% of early pregnancies, it is important to expand upon previous observations of an association between maternal fever and birth defects. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multistate, case-control study of major structural birth defects. Telephone interviews were completed by mothers of cases (n = 17,162) and controls (n = 10,127). Using multivariable logistic regression, we assessed the association between maternal self-report of cold or flu with fever and cold or flu without fever during early pregnancy and 30 categories of non-cardiac birth defects...
November 2, 2017: Birth Defects Research
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