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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921566/pegylation-of-cationic-liposomes-encapsulating-soluble-leishmania-antigens-sla-reduces-the-adjuvant-efficacy-of-liposomes-in-murine-model
#1
Hadi Naseri, Faezeh Eskandari, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari, Ali Khamesipour, Azam Abbasi, Ali Badiee
Although there have been several attempts to develop a vaccine against leishmaniasis; no vaccine in human has been developed yet. Liposomes consisting of 1, 2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP) encapsulating soluble Leishmania antigens (SLA) enhance protective immunity of SLA against L. major infection in mice. However, they immobilized at the injection site because of their positive charge. To overcome the problem, shielding the surface charge with polyethylene glycol (PEGylation) was chosen in this study...
September 16, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894361/effects-of-daily-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-in-vitamin-d-deficient-copd-patients-a-pilot-trial
#2
Rachida Rafiq, Hendrik J Prins, Wim G Boersma, Johannes Ma Daniels, Martin den Heijer, Paul Lips, Renate T de Jongh
BACKGROUND: Although vitamin D is well known for its function in calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization, several studies have shown positive effects on muscle strength and physical function. In addition, vitamin D has been associated with pulmonary function and the incidence of airway infections. As vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, supplementation might have a beneficial effect in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of vitamin D supplementation on respiratory muscle strength and physical performance in vitamin D-deficient COPD patients...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862467/clinical-imaging-and-laboratory-findings-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#3
Aruanda Fiche, Alynne Vieira Menezes, Claudia Scigliano Valerio, Martinho Campolina Rebello Horta, Flávio Ricardo Manzi
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a rare condition characterized by structural damage and secretory dysfunction of the lacrimal and salivary glands that leads to dryness, particularly xerophthalmia (eyes) and xerostomia (mouth). No cure is known; however, the effects of the disease are manageable and symptoms may be reduced. Although the salivary damage is irreversible, the dental decay and oral infections may be prevented, which highlights the importance that the clinician plays in the diagnosis and management of SS...
September 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860684/experience-of-the-posterior-lip-augmentation-device-in-a-regional-hip-arthroplasty-unit-as-a-treatment-for-recurrent-dislocation
#4
L Hoggett, C Cross, T Helm
INTRODUCTION: Dislocation after total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains a significant complication of the procedure and is the third leading cause for revision THA. One technique for treatment of this complication is the use of the posterior lip augmentation device (PLAD). We describe our experience using the PLAD including complication rates. METHODS: A retrospective review of 55 PLADs (54 patients) was carried out following identification from electronic theatre records...
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856588/whole-blood-microrna-markers-are-associated-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#5
Zhaozhong Zhu, Liming Liang, Ruyang Zhang, Yongyue Wei, Li Su, Paula Tejera, Yichen Guo, Zhaoxi Wang, Quan Lu, Andrea A Baccarelli, Xi Zhu, Ednan K Bajwa, B Taylor Thompson, Guo-Ping Shi, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can play important roles in inflammation and infection, which are common manifestations of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We assessed if whole blood miRNAs were potential diagnostic biomarkers for human ARDS. METHODS: This nested case-control study (N = 530) examined a cohort of ARDS patients and critically ill at-risk controls. Whole blood miRNA profiles and logistic regression analyses identified miRNAs correlated with ARDS...
August 30, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854186/meloidogyne-aberrans-sp-nov-nematoda-meloidogynidae-a-new-root-knot-nematode-parasitizing-kiwifruit-in-china
#6
Ye Tao, Chunling Xu, Chunfen Yuan, Honghong Wang, Borong Lin, Kan Zhuo, Jinling Liao
High infection rates of roots of wild kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis Planch) and soil infestation by a root-knot nematode were found in Anshun, GuiZhou Province, China. Morphology, esterase phenotype and molecular analyses confirmed that this nematode was different from previously described root-knot nematodes. In this report, the species is described, illustrated and named Meloidogyne aberrans sp. nov. The new species has a unique combination of characters. A prominent posterior protuberance, round and faint perineal pattern and a medium-length stylet (13...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827990/amoxycillin-and-clavulanic-acid-induced-stevens-johnson-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
Maheen Zaidi, Syeda Kashaf Zaidi, Moomal Bhutto, Mohammad Yasir Umer
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is an immune mediated hypersensitivity reaction. Significant involvement of oral, nasal, eye, vaginal, urethral, GI and lower respiratory tract mucous membrane may develop. It is usually a reaction due to a medication or due to an infection. In 95 % of case reports, drugs were found to be an important cause for the development of SJS. In this case report, a 32 year old female reported chief complaint of itch skin eruptions all over the body along with erosive lesions on tongue, lips, buccal mucosa and genital mucosa...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827297/herpes-simplex-transmission-to-chest-and-face-through-autoinoculation-in-an-infant
#8
Jeroen J van Vonderen, Kim Stol, Emmeline P Buddingh, Danielle Cm van der Kaay
A 4-month-old female infant presented with a vesicular lesion on her left hand present since 1 day. A few days prior to presentation, she had a similar lesion on the lower lip. Two days after presentation, she returned with new lesions on her thorax and upper eyelid. PCR of the vesicle was positive for herpes simplex virus type 1. The transmission to her chest and face probably resulted from autoinoculation, caused by rubbing of the hand on other parts of the body. Transmission of herpes simplex through skin-to-skin contact is a common route of infection in people engaging in contact sports...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821241/genetic-diversity-and-virulence-potential-of-clinical-and-environmental-aeromonas-spp-isolates-from-a-diarrhea-outbreak
#9
Lívia Christina Alves da Silva, Tereza Cristina Leal-Balbino, Beatriz Souza Toscano de Melo, Carina Lucena Mendes-Marques, Antonio Mauro Rezende, Alzira Maria Paiva de Almeida, Nilma Cintra Leal
BACKGROUND: Aeromonas spp. are gram-negative bacteria that can cause a variety of infections in both humans and animals and play a controversial role in diarrhea outbreaks. Our aim was to identify clinical and environmental Aeromonas isolates associated with a cholera outbreak in a northeast county of Brazil at the species level. We also aimed to determine the genetic structure of the bacterial population and the virulence potential of the Aeromonas isolates. METHODS AND RESULTS: Analysis based on concatenated sequences of the 16S rRNA and gyrB genes suggested the classification of the 119 isolates studied into the following species: A...
August 18, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819616/maternal-risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-cleft-lip-and-cleft-palate-in-mexico-a-case-control-study
#10
Emmanuel Angulo-Castro, Luis F Acosta-Alfaro, Alma M Guadron-Llanos, Adrian Canizalez-Román, Fernando Gonzalez-Ibarra, Ignacio Osuna-Ramírez, Joel Murillo-Llanes
INTRODUCTION: Cleft lip and palate, the most common developmental deformity, is seen worldwide and the etiology involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the maternal risk factors associated with the development of cleft lip and cleft palate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a case control study at the Women's Hospital in Culiacan, Mexico. Medical records were analyzed, including patients who delivered babies with and without cleft lip and cleft palate from January 2010 to December 2015...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816718/double-composite-tissue-z-plasty-technique-for-anatomical-restoration-of-severe-nasal-deformity-in-secondary-unilateral-cleft-lip
#11
Jiao Wei, Tanja Herrler, Hua Xu, Qingfeng Li, Chuanchang Dai
BACKGROUND: Patients with secondary unilateral cleft lip are regularly affected by serious nasal deformities especially of the alar and nasal floor. A large number of techniques for correction have been published, but symmetrical restoration of severe nasal deformation is difficult to achieve. We propose an innovative approach for anatomical restoration for this entity of nasal deformities to achieve long-term symmetrical appearance and muscular function. METHODS: A total of 68 patients with severe nasal deformity due to secondary unilateral cleft lip underwent reconstructive surgery using a double composite tissue Z-plasty technique for anatomical restoration of cartilage, muscle, and soft tissue layers...
October 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815758/detection-of-cyprinid-herpesvirus-1-dna-in-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-koi-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#12
Rubina Sirri, Sara Ciulli, Tim Barbé, Enrico Volpe, Maurizio Lazzari, Valeria Franceschini, Francesca Errani, Giuseppe Sarli, Luciana Mandrioli
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is an uncommon disease affecting koi carp (Cyprinus carpio). Cutaneous papilloma (carp pox) is a benign epidermal proliferation reported in koi and has been shown to be caused by Cyprinid Herpesvirus 1 (CyHV1). HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Histological, ultrastructural and molecular investigations were carried out aiming to investigate the aetiology of cSCC within archived tissue samples. ANIMALS: Surgical samples of masses located on the integument, fins and lips of 13 koi carp belonging to different private owners were included in this retrospective study...
August 16, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803460/-gastrostomy-tubes-indications-and-infectious-complications-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#13
M J Muñoz-Dávila, J M Xandri Ruipera, G Yagüe Guirao, C Salvador García, M Segovia Hernández
OBJECTIVE: Gastrostomy tube is the best option for long-term enteral nutrition. Among its limitations, infections represent the most frequent minor complication. Our aim is the knowledge of the number and type of gastrostomy tubes and its main indication in our hospital. In addition, prevalence of infectious complications was studied paying attention to the main etiologic agents and their antibiotic susceptibility. METHODS: Observational retrospective study from January 2010 to July 2015 through the electronic clinical history and the clinical microbiology laboratory software...
August 14, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797592/occurrence-of-anisakis-nematoda-anisakidae-larvae-in-unusual-hosts-in-southern-hemisphere
#14
Shokoofeh Shamsi, Marine J Briand, Jean-Lou Justine
Nematodes belonging to the genus Anisakis are important parasites due to their abundance in seafood and health impacts on humans. In the present study Anisakis larvae were found in a number of uncommon hosts including the Grey petrel, Procellaria cinerea, the Little penguin, Eudyptula minor, Blue-lipped sea krait, Laticauda laticaudata and Spinner shark, Carcharhinus brevipinna. Morphological examination showed nematodes in these animals are Anisakis larval type I. Genetic characterisation suggested that the larva from one Grey petrel was Anisakis berlandi, whereas the other larvae from the second Grey petrel and from the little penguin were Anisakis pegreffii...
August 7, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791817/binder-syndrome-clinical-findings-and-surgical-treatment-of-18-patients-at-the-department-of-plastic-surgery-in-polanica-zdr%C3%A3-j
#15
Piotr H Drozdowski, Ireneusz Łątkowski, Mateusz G Zachara, Piotr Wójcicki
BACKGROUND: Binder syndrome (BS) is an uncommon congenital underdevelopment of the maxilla and nasal skeleton. Other clinical features include a hypoplastic or absent anterior nasal spine; a short, flat nose with short columella; an acute nasolabial angle; a convex upper lip and class III malocclusion. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to outline the major characteristics of BS and to present a variety of surgical treatment methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 18 patients treated in the authors' department from 1989 to 2013...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791196/simulated-bacterial-infection-disrupts-the-circadian-fluctuation-of-immune-cells-in-wrinkle-lipped-bats-chaerephon-plicatus
#16
Philipp Weise, Gábor A Czirják, Oliver Lindecke, Sara Bumrungsri, Christian C Voigt
BACKGROUND: Leukocyte concentrations follow a circadian pattern in mammals, with elevated values at times of potential contact with pathogens and parasites. We hypothesized that this pattern is disturbed after an immune challenge. METHODS: In Thailand, we captured wrinkle-lipped bats (Chaerephon plicatus), when they returned to their colony at dawn. We challenged half of the animals (experimental group) with bacterial lipopolysaccharides and treated the others only with the carrier liquid (control group)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766884/risk-factors-for-orofacial-clefts-in-india-a-case-control-study
#17
Sutapa Bandyopadhyay Neogi, Samiksha Singh, Dinesh Raj Pallepogula, Hira Pant, Sunanda Reddy Kolli, Priyanka Bharti, Vikram Datta, Srinivas Reddy Gosla, Krishnamurthy Bonanthaya, Andy Ness, Sanjay Kinra, Pat Doyle, Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy Gudlavalleti
BACKGROUND: Orofacial clefts (OFC) are linked with several genetic and environmental factors. The aim of this study was to explore the association of potential risk factors with OFCs in India. METHODS: This was a hospital-based, matched case-control (1:4 ratio; matching done for parity) study conducted in Hyderabad, Bengaluru, and Delhi-National Capital Region. Cases (nonsyndromic clefts) were recruited from treatment centers, while controls (live births) were recruited from maternity centers...
August 2, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764293/the-serological-evidence-of-cytomegalovirus-infection-as-a-potent-aetiological-factor-for-cleft-lip-palate-mental-retardation-and-deafness
#18
D V Divya, Madu Ghana Shyam Prasad, Ambati Naga Radhakrishna, S Pavani Reddy, K Pratyusha, K V K Santosh Kumar, R V Sandeep
INTRODUCTION: Congenital Cytomegalovirus (CCMV) infection is estimated to occur in 0.5% to 2% of all deliveries across the world. According to the available literature about Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infected children, 0.5% to 1% acquire Cytomegalovirus (CMV) in utero, 40% acquire the infection within the first decade of life, between 15% to 70% acquire CMV infection in group day care settings and continue to shed the virus for 6 to 48 months after primary infection. Although, 90% of the infected infants are clinically asymptomatic at birth, shreds of evidence show that these infants are at risk for audiological, neurological, and developmental sequelae...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736852/successful-medical-treatment-of-an-aspergillus-terreus-mycetoma-of-the-nostril-lip-in-a-16-year-old-fjord-pony-gelding-with-pituitary-pars-intermedia-dysfunction
#19
Pia K Randleff-Rasmussen, Marion Mosca, Frédéric Knoerr, Didier Pin, Isabelle Desjardins
BACKGROUND: Mycetoma is a chronic, proliferative lesion of cutaneous/subcutaneous tissue characterized by draining tracts and granules in the discharge caused by actinomycetes (actinomycetoma) or filamentous fungi (eumycotic mycetoma). OBJECTIVES: This case report describes the unusual finding of a cutaneous mycetoma of the lateral wing of the right nostril in a gelding. ANIMAL: A 16-year-old Fjord gelding with suspected pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) was presented for evaluation of a nonpainful, firm and raised mass involving the lateral wing of the right nostril and the lip...
July 23, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705589/a-simple-technique-for-the-correction-of-maxillonasal-dysplasia-using-customized-expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene-eptfe-implants
#20
Jiao Wei, Jiawen Luo, Tanja Herrler, Hua Xu, Ning Deng, Qingfeng Li, Chuanchang Dai
BACKGROUND: The treatment of maxillonasal dysplasia in Binder's syndrome using autologous costal bone and cartilage is well established, but postoperative results may be compromised by scarring, unpredictable absorption of transferred autologous tissue, and donor site morbidity. Here, we propose a simple surgical technique to improve maxillonasal dysplasia using an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 1999 to May 2014, fifty-eight patients affected by maxillonasal dysplasia with different degrees of flattened nose and midfacial depression underwent surgical correction by augmentation of the nasal dorsum using an "L"-shaped ePTFE and subperiosteal implantation of an inverted "m"-shaped ePTFE at the base of the piriform aperture...
September 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
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