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Chi Wang Ip, Ioannis U Isaias, Burak B Kusche-Tekin, Dennis Klein, Janos Groh, Aet O'Leary, Susanne Knorr, Takahiro Higuchi, James B Koprich, Jonathan M Brotchie, Klaus V Toyka, Andreas Reif, Jens Volkmann
Isolated generalized dystonia is a central motor network disorder characterized by twisted movements or postures. The most frequent genetic cause is a GAG deletion in the Tor1a (DYT1) gene encoding torsinA with a reduced penetrance of 30-40 % suggesting additional genetic or environmental modifiers. Development of dystonia-like movements after a standardized peripheral nerve crush lesion in wild type (wt) and Tor1a+/- mice, that express 50 % torsinA only, was assessed by scoring of hindlimb movements during tail suspension, by rotarod testing and by computer-assisted gait analysis...
October 3, 2016: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Thomas Gregor Issac
Pseudodystonia is the term used to define abnormal postures, which are not due to the disorders of the basal ganglia and is encountered very rarely in clinical practice and often difficult to distinguish from true dystonia syndromes. We report a rare case of a battered woman who was managed as restricted resistant dystonia with pharmacotherapy and intrathecal baclofen and referred for considering deep brain stimulation (DBS). The patient turned out to be a case of pseudodystonia due to bilateral hip dislocation...
April 2014: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Dirk Dressler
Dystonias can be classified as primary or secondary, as dystonia-plus syndromes, and as heredodegenerative dystonias. Their prevalence is difficult to determine. In our experience 80-90% of all dystonias are primary. About 20-30% of those have a genetic background; 10-20% are secondary, with tardive dystonia and dystonia in cerebral palsy being the most common forms. If dystonia in spastic conditions is accepted as secondary dystonia, this is the most common form of all dystonia. In primary dystonias, the dystonic movements are the only symptoms...
2011: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
B L Scott
BACKGROUND: Dystonia is a neurologic disorder that interferes with normal motor control, causing development of bizarre postures and writhing, twisting movements. METHODS: The patient database of the Duke Movement Disorders Clinic was searched to identify and characterize all cases of dystonia evaluated during the 3 1/2 year period between July 1995 and December 1998. RESULTS: Of the 68 patients identified, 44% had focal dystonia, 10% segmental dystonia, 9% hemidystonia, 7% generalized dystonia, 4% multifocal dystonia, 12% psychogenic dystonia, and 9% tardive dystonia...
August 2000: Southern Medical Journal
I Requena, M Arias, J Pardo, M Portela, J A Alvarez
We describe two cases of continuous muscular activity: one which is central (the stiff-man syndrome), and another which is peripheral (neuromiotony), the latter in a patient suffering from diabetic neuropathy and with positive Borrellia burgdorferi serology in the bloodstream, as well as CSF. Both cases reacted favourably to medical treatment. In the first case botulinic toxin was used as a simultaneous treatment for focal pseudodystonia in one foot. Response was good.
January 1995: Revista de Neurologia
N P Quinn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1993: Advances in Neurology
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