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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779576/factors-influencing-change-in-walking-ability-in-patients-with-heart-failure-undergoing-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation
#1
Natasha Sutherland, Alexander Harrison, Patrick Doherty
OBJECTIVES: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an effective intervention for patients with heart failure (HF), in which one of the main targets is to increase physical capacity. In the HF population this is traditionally assessed using distance covered during a walking test. This study aims to establish the extent to which change in walking ability, in HF patients attending CR, is determined by patient characteristics and service provision. METHODS: The study utilised routine clinical data from the National Audit of Cardiac Rehabilitation to perform a robust analysis...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773305/prediction-of-maximal-oxygen-uptake-by-six-minute-walk-test-and-body-mass-index-in-healthy-boys
#2
Majid Jalili, Farzad Nazem, Akbar Sazvar, Kamal Ranjbar
OBJECTIVE: To develop an equation to predict maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) based on the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and body composition in healthy boys. STUDY DESIGN: Direct VO2max, 6-minute walk distance, and anthropometric characteristics were measured in 349 healthy boys (12.49 ± 2.72 years). Multiple regression analysis was used to generate VO2max prediction equations. Cross-validation of the VO2max prediction equations was assessed with predicted residual sum of squares statistics...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769247/dementia-and-physical-activity-dapa-trial-of-moderate-to-high-intensity-exercise-training-for-people-with-dementia-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Sarah E Lamb, Bart Sheehan, Nicky Atherton, Vivien Nichols, Helen Collins, Dipesh Mistry, Sukhdeep Dosanjh, Anne Marie Slowther, Iftekhar Khan, Stavros Petrou, Ranjit Lall
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of a moderate to high intensity aerobic and strength exercise training programme on cognitive impairment and other outcomes in people with mild to moderate dementia. DESIGN: Multicentre, pragmatic, investigator masked, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: National Health Service primary care, community and memory services, dementia research registers, and voluntary sector providers in 15 English regions. PARTICIPANTS: 494 people with dementia: 329 were assigned to an aerobic and strength exercise programme and 165 were assigned to usual care...
May 16, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765183/the-effect-of-chest-expansion-exercise-with-tens-on-gait-ability-and-trunk-control-in-chronic-stroke-patients
#4
Sin-Jun Park, Kyun-Hee Cho, Soon-Hee Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of chest expansion exercise with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on gait ability and trunk control of patient with stroke. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were divided into 7 in the chest expansion exercise with TENS group (experimental group) and 7 in the chest expansion exercise with placebo TENS (control group). The gait ability and trunk contol were measured using Six-Minute Walk Test, Tinetti gait index and Trunk impairment scale (TIS)...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750822/prediction-equation-to-estimate-heart-rate-at-individual-ventilatory-threshold-in-female-and-male-obese-adults
#5
Gian Pietro Emerenziani, Dafne Ferrari, Maria Grazia Vaccaro, Maria Chiara Gallotta, Silvia Migliaccio, Andrea Lenzi, Carlo Baldari, Laura Guidetti
OBJECTIVE: Prescribing individualized moderate exercise intensity is a useful method to reach positive effects on health status in obese adults. This study aimed to establish a practical reference equation to estimate the heart rate (HR) at individual ventilatory threshold (IVT) (HRIVT). METHODS: One hundred sixty-one obese subjects were clinically evaluated and characterized by anthropometric and body composition. Participants performed the six-minute walking test (6-MWT) and the cardiopulmonary exercise test to assess IVT...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750030/validation-of-exhaled-volatile-organic-compounds-analysis-using-electronic-nose-as-index-of-copd-severity
#6
Panaiotis Finamore, Claudio Pedone, Simone Scarlata, Alessandra Di Paolo, Simone Grasso, Marco Santonico, Giorgio Pennazza, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi
Aim: Six-minute walking test distance (6MWD) and body mass index, obstruction, dyspnea and exercise (BODE) index are measures of functional status in COPD patients, but require space, time and patient's compliance. Exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs) analysis via electronic nose is a quick and easy method that has already been used to discriminate COPD phenotypes. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether VOCs analysis can predict functional status and its variation over time in COPD patients...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747662/progressive-mobility-program-and-technology-to-increase-the-level-of-physical-activity-and-its-benefits-in-respiratory-muscular-system-and-functionality-of-icu-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Debora Stripari Schujmann, Adriana Claudia Lunardi, Carolina Fu
BACKGROUND: Enhanced mobility in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) could minimize the negative effects of critical illness, such as declines in cognitive, muscular, respiratory, and functional capacity. We aim to compare the functional status at ICU discharge of patients who underwent a progressive mobilization protocol versus patients who received conventional physiotherapy. We also examine the level of physical activity in the ICU, the degree of pulmonary and muscle function, and the length of stay to analyze correlations between these variables...
May 10, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744608/a-theory-of-planned-behavior-based-intervention-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-knee-hip-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Mohsen Saffari, Mohammad Kazem Emami Meybodi, Hormoz Sanaeinasab, Ali Karami, Amir H Pakpour, Harold G Koenig
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common chronic disorder among elderly people that affects joints such as the knee and hip in particular. The objective of the current study was to examine the efficacy of an intervention based on a theory of planned behavior (TPB) in improving health-related quality of life in middle-age and older adults with this condition. One hundred twenty patients diagnosed with knee/hip OA were recruited from a general hospital. Measures administered at baseline were the SF-12, EuroQol (EQ-5D), Osteoarthritis Knee and Hip Quality of Life (OAKHQoL), and TPB questionnaire...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724390/the-impact-of-carrying-supplemental-oxygen-on-exercise-capacity-and-dyspnea-in-patients-with-interstitial-lung-disease
#9
Deepa Ramadurai, Maeveen Riordan, Bridget Graney, Tara Churney, Amy L Olson, Jeffrey J Swigris
BACKGROUND: May patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) require supplementary oxygen (O2 ) therapy to maintain normoxia. However, ambulatory O2 delivery devices are constraining and cumbersome. The physiologic and symptomatic impact of these devices on ILD patients is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 30 clinically stable ILD patients (with varying disease severity), half of whom used O2 at baseline. Each subject completed two six-minute walk tests (6MWTs); for O2 users, one walk was completed while wearing a backpack (weight 7...
May 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722619/whole-body-vibration-training-increases-physical-measures-and-quality-of-life-without-altering-inflammatory-oxidative-biomarkers-in-patients-with-moderate-copd
#10
Camila Danielle Cunha Neves, Ana Cristina Rodrigues Lacerda, Vanessa Kelly Silva Lage, Aline Alves Soares, Maria Gabriela Abreu Chaves, Liliana Pereira Lima, Thyago José Silva, Érica Leandro Marciano Vieira, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, Hércules Ribeiro Leite, Mariana Aguiar Matos, Vanessa Amaral Mendonça
The whole-body vibration training (WBVT) has been identified as an alternative intervention to improve exercise capacity and quality of life of patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). However, the effect of WBVT on inflammatory-oxidative biomarkers remains unknown. The aim of this trial was to investigate the effects of WBVT on quality of life and physical and inflammatory-oxidative parameters in patients with COPD. Twenty patients were equally divided into: 1) intervention group (IG) that performed the WBVT, and 2) control group (CG) that did not receive any intervention...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716705/evaluation-for-airway-obstruction-in-adult-patients-with-stable-ischemic-heart-disease
#11
M Mahendra, Sunil Kumar S, Nagaraj Desai, Jayaraj Bs, Mahesh Pa
BACKGROUND: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) and chronic airway disease (COPD and Asthma) are major epidemics accounting for significant mortality and morbidity. The combination presents many diagnostic challenges. Clinical symptoms and signs frequently overlap. There is a need for airway evaluation in these patients to plan appropriate management. METHODS: Consecutive stable IHD patients attending the cardiology OPD in a tertiary care centre were interviewed for collecting basic demographic information, brief medical, occupational, personal history and risk factors for coronary artery disease and airway disease, modified medical research centre (MMRC) grade for dyspnea, quality of life-St...
March 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710062/effects-of-a-home-based-resistance-exercise-in-chinese-individuals-living-with-physical-disability-resistance-exercise-on-pwpd
#12
Li Ya, Marcia A Petrini
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of a home-based resistance exercise program for people living with physical disability. DESIGN: A quasiexperimental study. METHOD: Forty participants enrolled, and 24 completed the 12-week study with 13 in the intervention group and 11 in the control group. Outcomes were measured by pretests and posttests, including Six-Minute Walk Test, Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test, 10-Meter Walk Test, Timed Up and Go, One Repetition Maximum, World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707190/validity-of-multisensor-array-for-measuring-energy-expenditure-of-an-activity-bout-in-early-stroke-survivors
#13
Sharon Flora Kramer, Liam Johnson, Julie Bernhardt, Toby Cumming
Introduction. Stroke survivors use more energy than healthy people during activities such as walking, which has consequences for the way exercise is prescribed for stroke survivors. There is a need for wearable device that can validly measure energy expenditure (EE) of activity to inform exercise prescription early after stroke. We aimed to determine the validity and reliability of the SenseWear-Armband (SWA) to measure EE and step-counts during activity <1 month after stroke. Materials and Methods. EE was measured using the SWA and metabolic cart and steps-counts were measured using the SWA and direct observation...
2018: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703575/learning-and-encouragement-effects-on-six-minute-walking-test-in-children
#14
Natalia Morales Mestre, Nicolas Audag, Gilles Caty, Gregory Reychler
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate learning and encouragement effects on the 6-minute walk test in children between 6 and 12 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: Two 6-minute walk tests separated by a 10-minute resting period were performed by healthy children between 6 and 12 years of age to evaluate the learning (part 1) and encouragement effects (part 2; randomization with and without encouragement). Distance and cardiorespiratory variables were used as outcomes. RESULTS: 148 children were recruited...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701182/wearable-technology-reveals-gait-compensations-unstable-walking-patterns-and-fatigue-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Michael Psarakis, David Greene, Michael H Cole, Stephen R Lord, Phu Hoang, Matthew A D Brodie
People with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS) often experience a decline in gait performance, which can compromise their independence and increase falls. Ankle joint contractures in PwMS are common and often result in compensatory gait patterns to accommodate reduced ankle range of motion (ROM). Using advances in wearable technology, the aim of this study was to quantify head and pelvis movement patterns that occur in PwMS with disability and determine how these secondary gait compensations impact on gait stability...
April 27, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698742/age-and-the-effect-of-exercise-nutrition-and-cognitive-training-on-oxidative-stress-the-vienna-active-aging-study-vaas-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Bernhard Franzke, Barbara Schober-Halper, Marlene Hofmann, Stefan Oesen, Anela Tosevska, Trine Henriksen, Henrik E Poulsen, Eva-Maria Strasser, Barbara Wessner, Karl-Heinz Wagner
The purpose of this study was to investigated the effect of age - over or under life-expectancy (LE) - on six months resistance training alone or combined with a nutritional supplement, and cognitive training by analyzing markers for oxidative stress and antioxidant defense in institutionalized elderly, living in Vienna. Three groups (n=117, age=83.1±6.1 years) - resistance training (RT), RT combined with protein and vitamin supplementation (RTS) or cognitive training (CT) - performed two guided training sessions per week for six months...
April 23, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694547/echocardiographic-assessment-of-ventricular-function-in-young-patients-with-asthma
#17
Camilla Rayane De-Paula, Giselle Santos Magalhães, Nulma Souto Jentzsch, Camila Figueredo Botelho, Cleonice de Carvalho Coelho Mota, Tatiane Moisés Murça, Lidiana Fatima Correa Ramalho, Timothy C Tan, Carolina Andrade Braganca Capuruço, Maria da Gloria Rodrigues-Machado
BACKGROUND: Despite significant advances in understanding the pathophysiology and management of asthma, some of systemic effects of asthma are still not well defined. OBJECTIVES: To compare heart function, baseline physical activity level, and functional exercise capacity in young patients with mild-to-moderate asthma and healthy controls. METHODS: Eighteen healthy (12.67 ± 0.39 years) and 20 asthmatics (12.0 ± 0.38 years) patients were enrolled in the study...
March 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690880/abnormal-pulmonary-function-tests-predict-the-development-of-radiation-induced-pneumonitis-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#18
L Torre-Bouscoulet, W R Muñoz-Montaño, D Martínez-Briseño, F J Lozano-Ruiz, R Fernández-Plata, J A Beck-Magaña, C García-Sancho, A Guzmán-Barragán, E Vergara, M Blake-Cerda, L Gochicoa-Rangel, F Maldonado, M Arroyo-Hernández, O Arrieta
BACKGROUND: Radiation pneumonitis (RP) is a frequent complication of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) and is associated with severe symptoms that decrease quality of life and might result in pulmonary fibrosis or death. The aim of this study is to identify whether pulmonary function test (PFT) abnormalities may predict RP in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS: A prospective multi-institutional study was conducted with locally advanced and oligometastatic NSCLC patients...
April 24, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684885/abnormal-muscle-activation-patterns-are-associated-with-chronic-gait-deficits-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Samuel A Acuña, Mitchell E Tyler, Yuri P Danilov, Darryl G Thelen
BACKGROUND: Gait and balance disorders are common among individuals who have experienced a mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, little is known about how the neuromuscular control of gait is altered following a TBI. RESEARCH QUESTION: Investigate the relationship between lower limb muscle activation patterns and chronic gait deficits in individuals who previously experienced a mild to moderate TBI. METHODS: Lower extremity electromyographic (EMG) signals were collected bilaterally during treadmill and overground walking in 44 ambulatory individuals with a TBI >1 year prior and 20 unimpaired controls...
April 12, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683921/effects-of-exercise-on-asc-methylation-and-il-1-cytokines-in-heart-failure
#20
Brittany Butts, Javed Butler, Sandra B Dunbar, Elizabeth Corwin, Rebecca A Gary
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Inflammation contributes to heart failure (HF) progression and the interleukin (IL)-1 cytokine IL-1β is implicated in this process. The adaptor protein ASC is necessary for inflammasome activation of IL-1β. Lower ASC methylation is associated with worse outcomes in HF. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of exercise on changes in ASC methylation and activation of the interleukin-1 family cytokine IL-1β in persons with HF. METHODS: Participants (N=54) were randomized to receive exercise intervention (n=38) or attention control (n=16) for 3 months...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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