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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148827/for-video-games-bad-news-is-good-news-news-reporting-of-violent-video-game-studies
#1
Allen Copenhaver, Oana Mitrofan, Christopher J Ferguson
News coverage of video game violence studies has been critiqued for focusing mainly on studies supporting negative effects and failing to report studies that did not find evidence for such effects. These concerns were tested in a sample of 68 published studies using child and adolescent samples. Contrary to our hypotheses, study effect size was not a predictor of either newspaper coverage or publication in journals with a high-impact factor. However, a relationship between poorer study quality and newspaper coverage approached significance...
November 17, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148277/care-ful-definition-of-consent
#2
Emese Ilyes
This proposal is an attempt to intervene in psychology's violent past and troubling present by calling for notions of "care-ful" practice, compelling us to recognize and celebrate the permeable, porous, and flexible boundaries between bodies and selves. With this heuristic of care, this article hopes to trouble the separation between rigor and relational responsibility, to trouble objectivism, to oust the illusion of cool rationality, and to offer an affective understanding of consent that refuses to deny sexuality in bodies oppressed with the label of intellectually disabled...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146926/correlations-and-forecast-of-death-tolls-in-the-syrian-conflict
#3
Kazuki Fujita, Shigeru Shinomoto, Luis E C Rocha
The Syrian armed conflict has been ongoing since 2011 and has already caused thousands of deaths. The analysis of death tolls helps to understand the dynamics of the conflict and to better allocate resources and aid to the affected areas. In this article, we use information on the daily number of deaths to study temporal and spatial correlations in the data, and exploit this information to forecast events of deaths. We found that the number of violent deaths per day in Syria varies more widely than that in England in which non-violent deaths dominate...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146067/risky-movies-risky-behaviors-and-ethnic-identity-among-black-adolescents
#4
Amy Bleakley, Morgan E Ellithorpe, Michael Hennessy, Patrick E Jamieson, Atika Khurana, Ilana Weitz
PURPOSE: To investigate how exposure to sex, alcohol and violent content in mainstream and Black-oriented movies relates to corresponding adolescent behavior among Black youth from the United States and whether those relationships are moderated by ethnic identity. METHODS: The present study uses survey data from an online sample of 1000 Black adolescents and content analysis ratings on top-grossing 2014 films and 2013/2014 Black-oriented films. Content-specific exposure measures for alcohol, sexual activity, and violence were calculated from self-reported exposure data and content analysis ratings...
October 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143486/violent-behaviour-in-early-psychosis-patients-can-we-identify-clinical-risk-profiles
#5
Valerie Moulin, Julie Palix, Philippe Golay, Alexandre Dumais, Mohammad Mehdi Gholamrezaee, Agathe Azzola, Philipp S Baumann, Luis Alameda, Philippe Conus
AIMS: The objective of this study is to explore, within a sample of early psychosis patients (EPP), if subgroups regarding rate of violent behaviour (VB) against others can be identified on the basis of dynamic risk factors (treatment modifiable characteristics). METHODS: In a sample of 265 EPP, treated at the Treatment and Early Intervention in Psychosis Program in Lausanne, we conducted a latent-class analysis on the basis of the main dynamic VB risk factors (substance use disorder [SUD], positive symptoms, insight, and impulsivity)...
November 15, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143391/an-all-zirconia-crown-discovered-2-years-following-aspiration
#6
Han Qin, Hai Qing, Na Hu, Hui Zhu, Jian Wang
Accidental aspiration or ingestion can occur in dental treatment, as most procedures are performed with the patient in a supine position or semi-recumbent position. Aspiration of foreign bodies commonly causes acute symptoms such as violent coughing, choking, and dyspnea; however, if foreign bodies are stuck distally to the lower lobe bronchi or the bronchus intermedius, acute presentation can be rare. This clinical report documents a 68-year-old male patient who accidentally aspirated an all-zirconia crown during the try-in procedure...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131692/stigma-and-counter-stigma-frames-cues-and-exemplification-comparing-news-coverage-of-depression-in-the-english-and-spanish-language-media-in-the-u-s
#7
Weirui Wang
A content analysis was conducted to compare news coverage of depression in the English- and Spanish-language media in the United States (N = 355). The study revealed that the English-language media reported stereotypes more frequently than the Spanish-language news media. The presence of all four types of stereotypes (i.e., the mentally ill as violent, suicidal, incompetent, and weak) was associated with the increased use of the stigma frame in the English-language news media, while only the violence stereotype was associated with the increased use of the stigma frame in the Spanish-language news media...
November 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129509/reduced-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-activation-during-affective-go-nogo-in-violent-schizophrenia-patients-an-fmri-study
#8
Andràs Tikàsz, Stéphane Potvin, Stéphane Richard-Devantoy, Olivier Lipp, Sheilagh Hodgins, Pierre Lalonde, Ovidiu Lungu, Alexandre Dumais
We investigated the influence of anger processing on cognitive control in male schizophrenia patients presenting violent behaviors. We recruited 23 patients without and 24 patients with (SCZ+V) a history of violent behaviors, as well as 22 healthy non-violent men. Participants were administered an affective (angry-neutral faces) Go/NoGo task while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging. We found a reduced activation in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in SCZ+V patients specifically when inhibiting a response while viewing angry faces...
November 9, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125989/prediction-of-mortality-risk-in-victims-of-violent-crimes
#9
Rolf Gedeborg, Bodil Svennblad, Liisa Byberg, Karl Michaëlsson, Ingemar Thiblin
BACKGROUND: To predict mortality risk in victims of violent crimes based on individual injury diagnoses and other information available in health care registries. METHODS: Data from the Swedish hospital discharge registry and the cause of death registry were combined to identify 15,000 hospitalisations or prehospital deaths related to violent crimes. The ability of patient characteristics, injury type and severity, and cause of injury to predict death was modelled using conventional, Lasso, or Bayesian logistic regression in a development dataset and evaluated in a validation dataset...
October 20, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122235/-acute-stress-and-broken-heart-syndrome-a-case-report
#10
Juliana Vergel, Sebastián Tamayo-Orozco, Andrés Felipe Vallejo-Gómez, María Teresa Posada, Diana Restrepo
INTRODUCTION: Stress has been associated with an acute heart failure syndrome of important morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Case report and non-systematic review of the relevant literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old woman with a history of an untreated generalized anxiety disorder, whom after the violent death of her son presented with oppressive chest pain irradiated to neck and left superior extremity, lasting for more than 30minutes, initial clinical suspect suggests acute coronary syndrome...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121814/sex-difference-in-homicide-comparing-male-and-female-violent-crimes-in-korea
#11
Jonghan Sea, Donna Youngs, Sophia Tkazky
The comparison of the South Korean male and female homicide offenders' characteristics and crime scene behaviours is presented in this study. A total of 537 cases of homicide offenders prosecuted in Korea between 2006 and 2010 were analyzed in terms of offenders' characteristics, victim-offender interaction, places of crime, and crime scene actions. Significant differences between male and female offenders were revealed in prior criminal history, offenders' personal characteristics, choice of victim, crime scene behaviours during and after the homicide, and choice of weapon...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121811/evidence-for-two-levels-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-aggression-among-incarcerated-young-male-violent-offenders
#12
Anna-Kari Sjödin, Märta Wallinius, Eva Billstedt, Björn Hofvander, Thomas Nilsson
Furthering knowledge of the subset of incarcerated partner violent offenders distinguished by aggression, anger, and hostility is relevant, as these offenders are guilty of the more severe kinds of intimate partner violence (IPV). Our aim was to identify groups with different patterns of IPV among convicted young Swedish male offenders, using data from the Development of Aggressive Antisocial Behavior Study, including 171 young men (18-25 years) convicted of a violent crime. Cluster analysis was used to identify different clusters based on amount and severity of IPV in combination with measures of anger, hostility, aggression, and psychopathic personality traits...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120842/do-cognitive-deficits-predict-negative-emotionality-and-aggression-in-schizophrenia
#13
Anthony O Ahmed, Jenae Richardson, Alex Buckner, Sabrina Romanoff, Michelle Feder, Njideka Oragunye, Andriana Ilnicki, Ishrat Bhat, Matthew J Hoptman, Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer
Schizophrenia is associated with an elevated risk of aggression. Cognitive deficits have been associated with inpatient aggression and future violence. The relationship between cognitive deficits and violent behavior has however been inconsistent across studies. In addition, studies have failed to inform how cognitive deficits may contribute to aggression in schizophrenia. The current study examined the association of cognitive deficits with schizophrenia-related aggression and violent offending. It also explored the putative mediating role of negative emotionality on the impact of cognitive deficits on aggression...
November 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120417/energetic-eruptions-leading-to-a-peculiar-hydrogen-rich-explosion-of-a-massive-star
#14
Iair Arcavi, D Andrew Howell, Daniel Kasen, Lars Bildsten, Griffin Hosseinzadeh, Curtis McCully, Zheng Chuen Wong, Sarah Rebekah Katz, Avishay Gal-Yam, Jesper Sollerman, Francesco Taddia, Giorgos Leloudas, Christoffer Fremling, Peter E Nugent, Assaf Horesh, Kunal Mooley, Clare Rumsey, S Bradley Cenko, Melissa L Graham, Daniel A Perley, Ehud Nakar, Nir J Shaviv, Omer Bromberg, Ken J Shen, Eran O Ofek, Yi Cao, Xiaofeng Wang, Fang Huang, Liming Rui, Tianmeng Zhang, Wenxiong Li, Zhitong Li, Jujia Zhang, Stefano Valenti, David Guevel, Benjamin Shappee, Christopher S Kochanek, Thomas W-S Holoien, Alexei V Filippenko, Rob Fender, Anders Nyholm, Ofer Yaron, Mansi M Kasliwal, Mark Sullivan, Nadja Blagorodnova, Richard S Walters, Ragnhild Lunnan, Danny Khazov, Igor Andreoni, Russ R Laher, Nick Konidaris, Przemek Wozniak, Brian Bue
Every supernova so far observed has been considered to be the terminal explosion of a star. Moreover, all supernovae with absorption lines in their spectra show those lines decreasing in velocity over time, as the ejecta expand and thin, revealing slower-moving material that was previously hidden. In addition, every supernova that exhibits the absorption lines of hydrogen has one main light-curve peak, or a plateau in luminosity, lasting approximately 100 days before declining. Here we report observations of iPTF14hls, an event that has spectra identical to a hydrogen-rich core-collapse supernova, but characteristics that differ extensively from those of known supernovae...
November 8, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117769/psychophysiological-reactivity-profiles-of-partner-violent-men-with-borderline-or-psychopathic-personality-features-the-role-of-empathy
#15
Nicholas A Armenti, Julia C Babcock
Borderline and psychopathic features have been linked to unique psychophysiological reactivity profiles. Studies have suggested that levels of psychophysiological reactivity for partner-violent men cannot be attributed to personality features alone. This study tested cognitive and affective empathy as moderators of relations between borderline personality, Factor 1 psychopathy, and psychophysiological reactivity using a community sample of 135 male participants and their female partners. Cognitive empathy moderated the relation between borderline personality features and heart rate reactivity...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117752/the-criminogenic-and-noncriminogenic-treatment-needs-of-intimate-partner-violence-offenders
#16
N Zoe Hilton, Dana L Radatz
The criminogenic needs of general offenders have been empirically studied, but the criminogenic treatment needs of intimate partner violence (IPV) offenders, or how they compare with other violent or nonviolent offenders, have not been as thoroughly explored. Therefore, we examined and compared the criminogenic and noncriminogenic needs of 99 IPV offenders, 233 non-IPV violent offenders, and 103 nonviolent offenders, all of whom were men who had undergone institutional forensic assessment. Results indicated that IPV offenders had more treatment needs than the other two offender groups, including the Central Eight criminogenic needs...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117641/increasing-workplace-violence-in-an-australian-adult-emergency-department
#17
Shradha Nikathil, Alexander Olaussen, Evan Symons, Robert Gocentas, Gerard O'Reilly, Biswadev Mitra
OBJECTIVE: Workplace violence (WPV) is an increasingly concerning occupational hazard within the ED. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence and characteristics of WPV in an adult ED. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to identify the incidence of ED WPV in an adult metropolitan ED. Data were obtained from the activity records of security staff from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2015 for all incidents of patient-perpetrated violence...
November 8, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112855/teachers-stress-intensifies-violent-disciplining-in-tanzanian-secondary-schools
#18
Tobias Hecker, Katharina Goessmann, Mabula Nkuba, Katharin Hermenau
Violent forms of discipline in schools continue to be widespread across the globe despite their damaging effects. Since little is known about factors influencing the extent of violence applied by teachers, this study aimed to investigate the influence of teachers' stress, work satisfaction, and personal characteristics on their disciplining style. Using structural equation modeling, associations between violent discipline, burnout symptoms, and job perceptions (pressure and difficulties in class) reported by 222 teachers from 11 secondary schools in Tanzania in 2015 were analyzed...
November 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111227/african-american-males-in-chicago-pathways-from-early-childhood-intervention-to-reduced-violence
#19
Alison Giovanelli, Momoko Hayakawa, Michelle M Englund, Arthur J Reynolds
PURPOSE: Extreme youth violence is a salient public health crisis in Chicago, particularly among African-American males. This article examines mechanisms through which a preschool intervention program, the Child-Parent Center program, in inner-city Chicago may divert high-risk males from pathways leading to violent criminal behavior. METHODS: We conducted a path analysis from early environmental factors to socioemotional competencies through parent involvement and achievement to violent arrest in emerging adulthood...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109013/a-decompositional-analysis-of-firearm-related-mortality-in-the-united-states-2001-2012
#20
Russell Griffin, Joseph B Richardson, Jeffrey D Kerby, Gerald McGwin
Prior literature reporting increased rates of firearm-related homicide and suicide with increasing firearm availability is limited by only examining the availability of firearms, which is only one component of firearm-related mortality. The objective of the current study is to separate the rates into their respective components and determine which components contribute to mortality rate changes. To address the objective, nationally representative data from 2001 to 2012 was collected from a variety of publicly-available sources...
November 3, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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