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Microalbuminuria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437814/assessment-of-early-cardiovascular-risk-in-children-and-adolescents-with-essential-hypertension
#1
Andreja Stelcar, Evgenija Homsak, Natasa Marcun Varda
The aim of our study was to investigate some early markers of hypertensive target organ damage in hypertensive children and adolescents, and to detect those showing most prominent clinical significance. We included 100 children with essential hypertension (EH) and 50 age-matched healthy control children, and evaluated left ventricular mass (LVM), intima-media thickness in the carotid arteries (IMT), pulse wave velocity (PWV), microalbuminuria, biochemical parameters and some adipokines. Statistically significant differences between the 2 groups were observed for HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, uric acid, glucose, apolipoprotein A1, and total adiponectin...
April 24, 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432895/predictive-ability-of-visit-to-visit-variability-in-hba1c-and-systolic-blood-pressure-for-the-development-of-microalbuminuria-and-retinopathy-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Toshiko Takao, Machi Suka, Hiroyuki Yanagisawa, Yutaka Matsuyama, Yasuhiko Iwamoto
AIMS: We explored whether visit-to-visit variability in both glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) simultaneously predicted the development of microalbuminuria and retinopathy, and whether the predictive ability of these measurements changed according to mean HbA1c and SBP levels in people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted on 243 type 2 diabetes patients with normoalbuminuria and 486 without retinopathy at the first visit and within 1year thereafter...
April 7, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421206/the-increased-circulating-plasma-levels-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-do-not-correlate-to-metabolic-control
#3
Kailash Singh, Stellan Sandler, Daniel Espes
Aim. To characterize the plasma levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) and its relation to both present and historical metabolic control and microvascular complications. Methods. Plasma levels of VEGF and routine clinical parameters were analyzed in 115 patients with long-standing T1D and 45 healthy controls (HC). All patients were under clinical routine diabetes treatment at Uppsala University Hospital. Results. The plasma levels of VEGF were increased by 37% in patients with T1D when compared to HC (18...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407880/oellgaard-j-g%C3%A3-de-p-rossing-p-et%C3%A2-al-intensified-multifactorial-intervention-in-type-2-diabetics-with-microalbuminuria-leads-to-long-term-renal-benefits-kidney-int-2017-91-982-988
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404658/association-of-glycemic-variability-in-type-1-diabetes-with-progression-of-microvascular-outcomes-in-the-diabetes-control-and-complications-trial
#5
John M Lachin, Ionut Bebu, Richard M Bergenstal, Rodica Pop-Busui, F John Service, Bernard Zinman, David M Nathan
OBJECTIVE: The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) demonstrated the beneficial effects of intensive versus conventional therapy on the development and progression of microvascular complications of type 1 diabetes. These beneficial effects were almost completely explained by the difference between groups in the levels of HbA1c, which in turn were associated with the risk of these complications. We assessed the association of glucose variability within and between quarterly 7-point glucose profiles with the development and progression of retinopathy, nephropathy, and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy during the DCCT...
April 12, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403088/changes-of-transforming-growth-factor-beta-1-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-diabetic-nephropathy-a-prisma-compliant-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Yong-Chao Qiao, Yin-Ling Chen, Yan-Hong Pan, Wei Ling, Fang Tian, Xiao-Xi Zhang, Hai-Lu Zhao
BACKGROUND: The existing evidence indicates increased levels of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and those with type 2 diabetic nephropathy (T2DN); yet no meta-analysis displays a reliable result. Here we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate characteristic changes of TGF-β1 in T2DM and diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for eligible studies, which reported the association of TGF-β1 withT2DM and T2DN patients, in PubMed, Wangfang, Chinese-Cqvip, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure database, from February 1, 1991 to December 15, 2015...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401168/the-association-of-a-genetic-variant-in-scaf8-cnksr3-with-diabetic-kidney-disease-and-diabetic-retinopathy-in-a-chinese-population
#7
Li Jin, Tao Wang, Song Jiang, Miao Chen, Rong Zhang, Cheng Hu, Weiping Jia, Zhihong Liu
Background. Genome-wide association studies found rs955333 located in 6q25.2 was associated with diabetic kidney disease in multiple ethnic populations, including European Americans, African Americans, and Mexican Americans. We aimed to investigate the association between the variant rs955333 in SCAF8-CNKSR3 and DKD susceptibility in Chinese type 2 diabetes patients. Methods. The variant rs955333 was genotyped in 1884 Chinese type 2 diabetes patients. Associations of the variant rs955333 with DKD and DR susceptibility and related quantitative traits were evaluated...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395937/risk-factors-for-diabetic-macular-oedema-in-type-2-diabetes-a-case-control-study-in-a-united-kingdom-primary-care-setting
#8
E Martín-Merino, J Fortuny, E Rivero-Ferrer, M Lind, L A Garcia-Rodriguez
AIM: To identify risk factors associated with the development of DMO among patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes managed in a primary care setting in the UK. METHODS: A case-control study nested in a cohort of incident Type 2 diabetes identified in The Health Improvement Network database from 2000-2007. Cases were people with DMO (N=211) and controls were a DMO-free sample (N=2194). No age restrictions were applied. Adjusted odds ratios and 95%CIs were estimated (OR; 95%CI)...
June 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392041/arterial-stiffness-is-an-independent-predictor-for-albuminuria-progression-among-asians-with-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Xiao Zhang, Serena Low, Chee Fang Sum, Subramaniam Tavintharan, Yeoh Lee Ying, Jianjun Liu, Na Li, Keven Anga, Simon Bm Lee, Wern Ee Tang, Su Chi Lim
AIM: Albuminuria progression has been associated with renal deterioration in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Central arterial stiffness can aggravate systemic vasculopathy by propagating elevated systolic and pulse pressures forward, thereby accentuating global vascular injury. We aim to investigate whether central arterial stiffness is an independent predictor for albuminuria progression in a multi-ethnic T2DM Asian cohort in Singapore. METHODS: In a prospective cohort, 1012 T2DM patients were assessed at baseline and after a median follow-up of 3...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376835/indoor-air-pollution-and-its-association-with-poor-lung-function-microalbuminuria-and-variations-in-blood-pressure-among-kitchen-workers-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Amarnath Singh, Chandrasekharan Nair Kesavachandran, Ritul Kamal, Vipin Bihari, Afzal Ansari, Parappurath Abdul Azeez, Prem Narain Saxena, Anil Kumar Ks, Altaf Hussain Khan
BACKGROUND: The present study is an attempt to explore the association between kitchen indoor air pollutants and physiological profiles in kitchen workers with microalbuminuria (MAU) in north India (Lucknow) and south India (Coimbatore). METHODS: The subjects comprised 145 control subjects, 233 kitchen workers from north India and 186 kitchen workers from south India. Information related to the personal and occupational history and health of the subjects at both locations were collected using a custom-made questionnaire...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375400/clinical-inquiry-do-ace-inhibitors-or-arbs-help-prevent-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-normal-bp
#11
Gregory S Trietley, Stephen A Wilson, Parul Chaudhri, Nicole Payette, Ashley Higbea, Joan Nashelsky
Yes for angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, no for angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). A 2011 meta-analysis of 5 RCTs (total 2975 patients) that compared ACE inhibitor therapy with placebo in diabetic patients without hypertension and albuminuria found that ACE inhibitors reduced the risk of new-onset microalbuminuria or macroalbuminuria by 18% (relative risk [RR]=0.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.73-0.92).
April 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363425/the-prevalence-of-hypertension-in-relation-with-the-normal-albuminuria-range-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-within-the-south-korean-population-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2012
#12
Koh-Eun Shin, Yong-Kyun Roh, Kyung-Hwan Cho, Kyung-Do Han, Yong-Gyu Park, Do-Hoon Kim, Yang-Hyun Kim
AIMS: The coexistence of hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. In some studies, normal albuminuria has also been associated with cardiovascular disease and HTN. Therefore, we examined the relationships between albuminuria and the prevalence of HTN and its control rate in type 2 DM patients. RESULTS: We analyzed data from the 2011-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and 1188 subjects with type 2 DM were included in the study...
June 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361464/healthcare-resource-use-costs-and-disease-progression-associated-with-diabetic-nephropathy-in-adults-with-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes-a-retrospective-observational-study
#13
Zhou Zhou, Paresh Chaudhari, Hongbo Yang, Anna P Fang, Jing Zhao, Ernest H Law, Eric Q Wu, Ruixuan Jiang, Raafat Seifeldin
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a progressive kidney disease resulting as a complication of diabetes mellitus. This study evaluated the disease progression and economic burden of DN among commercially insured patients with type 2 diabetes in the USA. METHODS: The research design was a retrospective observational study based on healthcare claims data. The Truven MarketScan Databases (2004-2014) were queried for adults with type 2 diabetes with at least one urine albumin test (index, randomly selected) after diagnosis and at least one test after the index...
March 30, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360461/study-the-association-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-early-endothelial-dysfunction-and-its-impact-on-cardiovascular-system-by-estimating-urinary-albumin-creatinine-ratio
#14
Anand Agrawal, Renu Garg, Dibakar Sahu, Mukesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) attribute to systemic inflammation which is responsible for microalbuminuria reflecting endothelial dysfunction, could be a significant surrogate marker of potential cardiovascular morbidity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to find out the possible association of COPD with early cardiovascular changes in the form of renal endothelial dysfunction. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Case-control, multi-group, cross-sectional hospital-based study was designed and conducted in the Department of Respiratory Medicine of BPS Government Medical College for Women, Khanpur Kalan, Sonipat, Haryana...
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359252/early-urinary-biomarkers-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-show-involvement-of-kallikrein-kinin-system
#15
Lenka Vitova, Zdenek Tuma, Jiri Moravec, Milan Kvapil, Martin Matejovic, Jan Mares
BACKGROUND: Additional urinary biomarkers for diabetic nephropathy (DN) are needed, providing early and reliable diagnosis and new insights into its mechanisms. Rigorous selection criteria and homogeneous study population may improve reproducibility of the proteomic approach. METHODS: Long-term type 1 diabetes patients without metabolic comorbidities were included, 11 with sustained microalbuminuria (MA) and 14 without MA (nMA). Morning urine proteins were precipitated and resolved by 2D electrophoresis...
March 30, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357180/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-dent-disease-in-10-chinese-boys
#16
Guohua He, Hongwen Zhang, Fang Wang, Xiaoyu Liu, Huijie Xiao, Yong Yao
Dent disease is a rare X-linked recessive proximal tubular disorder that affects mostly male patients in childhood or early adult life. Dent disease is clinically characterized by the presence of low molecular weight proteinuria (LMWP), hypercalciuria, medullary nephrocalcinosis, nephrolithiasis, and progressive renal failure. The clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of Dent disease were examined in 10 Chinese boys. All 10 childhood cases of Dent disease in China presented with tubular proteinuria in the nephrotic range and hypercalciuria...
February 2017: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340800/long-term-results-of-living-donors-in-simultaneous-kidney-and-liver-transplantations
#17
T Unek, T Egeli, M Özbilgin, A Çelik, K Atilla, C Ağalar, N Ç Arslan, S Karademir, S Bora, H Gülay, Z S Derici, I Astarcıoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Because of the shortage of organs available for transplantation, living related sequential transplantation with the use of liver and a kidney from the same donor has emerged as a reasonable therapeutic alternative. However, there is insufficient literature about the complications that living donors experience after simultaneous kidney and liver transplantations. METHODS: From December 2001 to October 2009, 5 living donors provided simultaneous donation of livers and kidneys and 1 living donor donated first her kidney and then her liver...
April 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334007/a-functional-variant-in-neph3-gene-confers-high-risk-of-renal-failure-in-primary-hematuric-glomerulopathies-evidence-for-predisposition-to-microalbuminuria-in-the-general-population
#18
Konstantinos Voskarides, Charalambos Stefanou, Myrtani Pieri, Panayiota Demosthenous, Kyriakos Felekkis, Maria Arsali, Yiannis Athanasiou, Dimitris Xydakis, Kostas Stylianou, Eugenios Daphnis, Giorgos Goulielmos, Petros Loizou, Judith Savige, Martin Höhne, Linus A Völker, Thomas Benzing, Patrick H Maxwell, Daniel P Gale, Mathias Gorski, Carsten Böger, Barbara Kollerits, Florian Kronenberg, Bernhard Paulweber, Michalis Zavros, Alkis Pierides, Constantinos Deltas
BACKGROUND: Recent data emphasize that thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN) should not be viewed as a form of benign familial hematuria since chronic renal failure (CRF) and even end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is a possible development for a subset of patients on long-term follow-up, through the onset of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). We hypothesize that genetic modifiers may explain this variability of symptoms. METHODS: We looked in silico for potentially deleterious functional SNPs, using very strict criteria, in all the genes significantly expressed in the slit diaphragm (SD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322017/elevated-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-increases-the-risk-of-microalbuminuria-in-subjects-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors
#19
Shi-Kun Yang, Jun Liu, Bin Yi, Juan Mao, Xian-Ming Zhang, Yan Liu, Dan-Dan Lei, Ming Gui, Hao Zhang
Microalbuminuria is an early biomarker of kidney injury, the aim of this study was to investigate the impact of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) on microalbuminuria in adults with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. A total of 5667 subjects who voluntarily attended annual health screenings in the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were included in the study. Logistic regression was used to determine the validity of hs-CRP to predict the presence of microalbuminuria. In the unadjusted regression analysis, male gender (OR 2...
March 20, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319485/recent-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-not-the-same-old-song
#20
Raymond K Hsu, Neil R Powe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aim to review recent updates on the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD). RECENT FINDINGS: Recent analyses from the National Health and Nutritional Examination survey describe the temporal trend in CKD prevalence in US adults. The overall prevalence of estimated glomerular filtration rate less than 60 ml/min/1.73 m increased from 4.8% in 1988-1994 to 6.9% in 2003-2004, but has since stabilized at 6.4-6.9% up to 2011-2012. Prevalence of CKD stages 1-4 has also stabilized at ∼14% of adults since 2003-2004...
May 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
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