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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748108/readyspeech-for-people-with-dysarthria-after-stroke-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Claire Mitchell, Audrey Bowen, Sarah Tyson, Paul Conroy
BACKGROUND: Dysarthria, a disordered speech production resulting from neuro-muscular impairment, is a common symptom after stroke. It causes significant problems for patients' speech intelligibility, communication, psychological well-being, social engagement and stroke recovery. Rehabilitation for dysarthria is variable in quality, intensity and duration, which may be, in part, due to the lack of good quality evidence. An online therapy programme, ReaDySpeech, has the potential to improve quality, intensity and duration of speech rehabilitation and was considered in a proof-of-concept study to be acceptable to speech and language therapists and patients which warranted further evaluation...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745847/transient-global-amnesia-emergency-department-evaluation-and-management-digest
#2
Jeremy Samuel Faust, Andreea Nemes, Milana Zaurova
Transient global amnesia is a clinically distinct syndrome characterized by the acute inability to form new memories. It can last up to 24 hours. The diagnosis is dependent on eliminating other more serious etiologies including toxic ingestions, acute strokes, complex partial seizures, and central nervous system infections. Transient global amnesia confers no known long-term risks; however, when abnormal signs or symptoms are present, they take precedence and guide the formulation of a differential diagnosis and investigation...
August 22, 2016: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744062/effects-of-aquatic-walking-exercise-using-a-walker-in-a-chronic-stroke-patient
#3
Tadashi Matsuda, Yoshiteru Akezaki
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the usefulness of aquatic walking exercise using a walker for chronic stroke patients. We also examined the psychological effects on the study subject and the primary caregiver before and after aquatic walking exercise. [Subject and Methods] The subject was a 60-year-old male with bilateral paralysis after a cerebrovascular accident. The Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) total score was 116 on the right and 115 on the left. The intervention combined aquatic and land walking exercise...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744053/the-effect-of-motor-imagery-training-for-trunk-movements-on-trunk-muscle-control-and-proprioception-in-stroke-patients
#4
Dong-Sik Oh, Jong-Duk Choi
[Purpose] The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of motor imagery training for trunk movements on trunk muscle control and proprioception in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 12 study subjects were randomly assigned to the experimental group (a motor imagery training group) and the control group (a neurodevelopmental treatment, NDT) group. The two groups were treated five times (30 minutes each time) per week for 4 weeks. The experimental group underwent imagery training for 10 minutes and trunk control centered NDT for 20 minutes and the control group underwent only trunk control centered NDT for 30 minutes...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744049/the-effects-of-task-oriented-training-with-altered-sensory-input-on-balance-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#5
Min-Hee Park, Jong-Im Won
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of task-oriented training with altered somatosensory input on the balance ability of chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-six subjects with chronic stroke were divided into an experimental group (n=14) and a control group (n=12). Both groups attended physical therapy sessions five times a week for four weeks. The experimental group performed additional, task-oriented training with altered sensory input three times a week for four weeks...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744047/effects-of-lingual-strength-training-on-lingual-strength-and-articulator-function-in-stroke-patients-with-dysarthria
#6
Jong Hoon Moon, Deok Gi Hong, Kye Ho Kim, Yo An Park, Suk-Chan Hahm, Sung-Jin Kim, Young Sik Won, Hwi-Young Cho
[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of lingual strength training (LST) on lingual strength and articulator function in stroke patients with dysarthria. [Subjects and Methods] 16 stroke patients with dysarthria were randomly assigned into two groups: the experimental group (n=8) or the control group (n=8). Both groups received the conventional rehabilitation therapy at 30 min/day, 5 times for week, and during 4 weeks, and the experimental group received an additional 30 min of LST using the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI)...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744037/effects-of-pedalo-%C3%A2-training-on-balance-and-fall-risk-in-stroke-patients
#7
Do-Yeon Kim, Chae-Gil Lim
[Purpose] This study sought to examine the effects of Pedalo(®) training on balance and fall risk in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-one subjects with stroke were recruited and randomly allocated into two groups: the Pedalo(®) group (n=15) and the Treadmill group (n=16). The Pedalo(®) group performed conventional physical therapy program with Pedalo(®) training for 30 minutes, five times a week, for 8 weeks, while the Treadmill group conducted conventional physical therapy programs and treadmill gait training for 30 minutes, five times a week, for 8 weeks...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744034/comparison-of-the-effects-of-core-stabilization-and-chest-mobilization-exercises-on-lung-function-and-chest-wall-expansion-in-stroke-patients
#8
Shin-Jun Park, Ju-Hwan Lee, Kyung-Ok Min
[Purpose] The main purpose of this study was to compare the effects of core stabilization and chest mobilization exercises on pulmonary function and chest expansion in chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty stroke patients were randomly divided into two groups: a core stabilization exercise group (n=15) and a chest mobilization exercise group (n=15). Each exercise was performed 3 times per week for 30 minutes for 4 weeks, and pulmonary function and chest expansion when breathing were measured for both groups...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743315/tight-intra-operative-blood-pressure-control-versus-standard-care-for-patients-undergoing-hip-fracture-repair-hip-fracture-intervention-study-for-prevention-of-hypotension-hip-hop-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Iain Keith Moppett, Stuart White, Richard Griffiths, Donal Buggy
BACKGROUND: Hypotension during anaesthesia for hip fracture surgery is common. Recent data suggest that there is an association between the lowest intra-operative blood pressure and mortality, even when adjusted for co-morbidities. This is consistent with data derived from the wider surgical population, where magnitude and duration of hypotension are associated with mortality and peri-operative complications. However, there are no trial to data to support more aggressive blood pressure control...
July 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743277/stroke-survivors-long-term-qaly-weights-in-relation-to-their-spouses-qaly-weights-and-informal-support-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Josefine Persson, Lars-Åke Levin, Lukas Holmegaard, Petra Redfors, Katarina Jood, Christina Jern, Christian Blomstrand, Gunilla Forsberg-Wärleby
BACKGROUND: Healthcare interventions that have positive effects on the stroke survivors' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) might also have positive effects for their spouses in terms of improved HRQoL and/or reduced spousal informal support. However, knowledge about stroke survivors' HRQoL and QALY and the consequences for their spouses' HRQoL and QALY is limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe the HRQoL and QALY-weights in dyads of stroke survivors in comparison with dyads of healthy controls, and to study the relationship between the stroke survivors' QALY-weights and consequences for spouses in terms of QALY-weight and annual cost of informal support, using a long-term perspective...
July 25, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741720/alteplase-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-after-heparin-reversal-with-protamine-a-case-report-and-review
#11
Gabriel V Fontaine, Shawn M Smith
BACKGROUND: Few patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) are eligible for alteplase, especially those receiving ongoing anticoagulation. We describe the first reported case of a patient receiving full-dose intravenous (IV) alteplase for AIS after heparin reversal with protamine. CASE: A 73-year-old male presented with AIS. He was treated with IV heparin, tirofiban, loading-dose prasugrel, and aspirin prior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for placement of a right coronary artery stent...
July 25, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740717/hybrid-repair-of-aortic-arch-aneurysms-a-comprehensive-review
#12
REVIEW
Steve Xydas, Christos G Mihos, Roy F Williams, Angelo LaPietra, Maurice Mawad, S Howard Wittels, Orlando Santana
Open total arch replacement (TAR) has become safer with refinements in cerebral protection techniques. The frequent extension of aortic arch aneurysms into the descending thoracic aorta customarily requires a two-staged conventional elephant trunk procedure, carrying relatively high mortality and morbidity risks and high rates of rupture in the interval between the two open surgeries. The technical demands and invasive nature of TAR has therefore precluded many high-risk patients from being surgical candidates for aneurysm repair...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739036/meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-cardiovascular-events-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#13
REVIEW
Yingke Zhao, Branda Yee-Man Yu, Yanfei Liu, Yue Liu
Increasing evidence proved that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with a variety of diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases. This study systematically reviewed the existing publications to assess the influence of OSA on cardiovascular survival among patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. Eleven eligible publications, including 3,008 participants, were finally evaluated. Eight studies conducted adjustment of risk ratio for potential cardiovascular risk factors, 5 studies defined OSA groups as AHI (apnea hypopnea index) ≥15/hour, whereas the remaining eligible studies used AHI ≥5/hour, AHI ≥10/hour, or AHI ≥30/hour as the criteria...
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738735/clinician-perspectives-on-cross-education-in-stroke-rehabilitation
#14
William Russell, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Patricia J Manns
PURPOSE: Cross-education is a neural phenomenon where strength of an untrained muscle improves after unilateral training of the opposite homologous muscle. It has been extensively studied in healthy populations and shows promise for post-stroke rehabilitation. The purpose of this study is to understand current post-stroke upper extremity rehabilitation practice; clinician's perspectives on cross-education and; facilitators and barriers to implementation of a cross-education intervention...
July 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738485/-impact-and-clinical-outcome-of-intra-aortic-balloon-pump-use-during-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#15
J J Xu, Z Gao, Y Song, Y L Ma, X F Tang, Y Yao, C He, H H Wang, Y J Yang, R L Gao, S B Qiao, B Xu, J Q Yuan
Objective: To observe the impact and clinical outcome of intra-aortic balloon pump(IABP) use in patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: From January 2013 to December 2013, 10 724 consecutive patients undergoing PCI were enrolled.After 2 years' follow-up, the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events such as death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, revascularization, recurrent stroke were recorded, propensity score was used to match baseline data, and the clinical outcomes in patients with IABP and non-IABP were compared...
July 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738483/-outcome-analysis-of-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-with-or-without-prior-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-operation
#16
Y Song, J J Xu, X F Tang, H H Wang, R Liu, P Jiang, L Jiang, L J Gao, Y Zhang, L Song, L J Xu, X Y Zhao, Z Gao, J Chen, R L Gao, S B Qiao, Y J Yang, B Xu, J Q Yuan
Objective: To investigate the impact of previous coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) on long-term outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI). Methods: A total of 10 724 consecutive coronary heart disease patients undergoing PCI between January and December 2013 in Fuwai hospital were prospectively included in this research. According to CABG history, the patients were divided into CABG group(437 cases) and without CABG group(10 287 cases). The patients were followed up for 2 years...
July 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737069/safety-of-radial-access-for-primary-percutaneous-intervention-in-patients-with-st-elevation-acute-myocardial-infarction-results-from-a-low-volume-center
#17
Yoshimasa Tsurumaki, Yumiko Haraguchi, Tomohiro Nakamura
Radial access for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in patients with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) is recommended in high-volume experienced centers. This study investigated whether radial access for pPCI is safe even in a low-volume center. We performed radial access for pPCI in 171 patients. Major adverse cardiac events (total death, myocardial infarction, stroke) rate was 1.2%. The overall incidence of bleeding complications was 2.4%; there was no vascular complication at the access site...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737064/the-effects-of-delirium-prevention-guidelines-on-elderly-stroke-patients
#18
Jihye Song, Minkyung Lee, Dukyoo Jung
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the delirium prevention interventions recommended by the Delirium Prevention Guidelines for Elderly Stroke Patients (DPGESP). The DPGESP comprises nine dimensions with 28 interventions, including risk factor assessment, orientation disorder prevention, sleeping pattern maintenance, sensory interventions, constipation, dehydration, hypoxia and infection prevention, pain management, and appropriate nutrition maintenance. This quasi-experimental study used a nonequivalent control group and a pretest-posttest design...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736903/a-retrospective-analysis-of-impella-use-in-all-comers-1-year-outcomes
#19
Mohamad Lazkani, Shishir Murarka, Akihiro Kobayashi, Luke Seibolt, Tae Yang, Ashish Pershad
BACKGROUND: There are non-randomized data about the benefits of Impella use in the setting of cardiogenic shock. However, limited data exist to help guide clinicians about whether in the context of the intervention the device should be implanted early or late; how long the device should stay in; and how the mode of explant should be. METHODS: This is a retrospective, single center registry over 5 years comparing in-hospital outcomes and 1 year mortality in an all-comers in patients who had the Impella device placed early versus those who had the device placed late as a bailout...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736326/tone-inhibiting-insoles-enhance-the-reciprocal-inhibition-of-ankle-plantarflexors-of-post-stroke-hemiparetic-subjects-an-electromyographic-study
#20
Nobushige Takahashi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Osamu Takahashi, Ryosuke Ushijima, Rie Umebayashi, Junji Nishikawa, Yasutomo Okajima
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a common sequela of upper motor neuron pathology, such as cerebrovascular diseases and cerebral palsy. Intervention for spasticity of the ankle plantarflexors in physical therapy may include tone-inhibiting casting and/or orthoses for the ankle and foot. However, the physiological mechanism of tone reduction by such orthoses remains unclarified. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the electrophysiologic effects of tone-inhibiting insoles in stroke subjects with hemiparesis by measuring changes in reciprocal Ia inhibition (RI) in the ankle plantarflexor...
July 20, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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