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OCT for glaucoma optic nerve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462016/diurnal-variations-of-peripapillary-and-macular-vessel-density-in-glaucomatous-eyes-using-ocular-coherence-tomography-angiography
#1
Kaweh Mansouri, Harsha L Rao, Kirsten Hoskens, Elisa D'Alessandro, Elsa M Flores-Reyes, André Mermoud, Robert N Weinreb
PURPOSE: To investigate the diurnal variation in peripapillary and macular vessel density (VD) measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) and its correlation to intraocular pressure (IOP) changes in glaucoma patients. METHODS: Prospective, observational cross-sectional study including 37 patients (74 eyes; age, 63.8±12.9▒y) with open angle glaucoma. OCT-A imaging and IOP measurements were performed at 08:00, 11:00, 14:00, and 16:00 on a single day...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451998/predicting-the-integrated-visual-field-with-wide-scan-optical-coherence-tomography-in-glaucoma-patients
#2
Masaaki Yoshida, Shiho Kunimatsu-Sanuki, Kazuko Omodaka, Toru Nakazawa
PURPOSE: This study aimed to calculate a predicted integrated visual field (IVF) based on predicted monocular visual fields (MVFs) derived, with a new method, from wide-scan optical coherence tomography (OCT) data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Visual field testing used the central (6 × 4) 24 points of the Humphrey Field Analyzer 24-2 program. OCT scans of a corresponding retinal area, centered on the fovea, were divided into a 6 × 4 grid. The thickness of the macular retinal nerve fiber layer (mRNFL), ganglion cell layer + inner plexiform layer (GCIPL), and mRNFL + GCIPL (GCC) was measured in each grid area...
February 16, 2018: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440700/age-related-changes-in-the-response-of-retinal-structure-function-and-blood-flow-to-pressure-modification-in-rats
#3
Da Zhao, Christine T O Nguyen, Zheng He, Vickie H Y Wong, Anna K van Koeverden, Algis J Vingrys, Bang V Bui
Age-related changes to the balance between the pressure inside the eye (intraocular pressure, IOP) and the pressure inside the brain (intracranial pressure, ICP) can modify the risk of glaucoma. In this study, we consider whether the optic nerve in older rat eyes is more susceptible to acute IOP and ICP modification. We systematically manipulate both ICP and IOP and quantify their effects on ganglion cell function (electroretinography, ERG), optic nerve structure (optical coherence tomography, OCT) and retinal blood flow (Doppler OCT)...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430337/nerve-fiber-flux-analysis-using-wide-field-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#4
Ou Tan, Liang Liu, Li Liu, David Huang
Purpose: To devise a method to quantify nerve fibers over their arcuate courses over an extended peripapillary area using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: Participants were imaged with 8 × 8-mm volumetric OCT scans centered at the optic disc. A new quantity, nerve fiber flux (NFF), represents the cross-sectional area transected perpendicular to the nerve fibers. The peripapillary area was divided into 64 tracks with equal flux. An iterative algorithm traced the trajectory of the tracks assuming that the relative distribution of the NFF was conserved with compensation for fiber connections to ganglion cells on the macular side...
February 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423838/evaluating-displacement-of-lamina-cribrosa-following-glaucoma-surgery
#5
Patrycja Krzyżanowska-Berkowska, Aleksandra Melińska, Iwona Helemejko, D Robert Iskander
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to assess the displacement of lamina cribrosa (LC) and prelaminar tissue area (PTA) changes following trabeculectomy and non-penetrating deep sclerectomy (NPDS) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) with enhanced depth imaging technology. METHODS: A total of 30 patients underwent glaucoma surgery. Sixteen patients underwent trabeculectomy, and 14 patients undertook NPDS. Serial horizontal B-scan images of optic nerve head (ONH) were obtained using SD-OCT preoperatively, and at 2-week, 1-, 3-, and 6-month postoperative visit (6 pv)...
February 8, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416313/measurement-of-the-hypotenuse-of-the-vertical-optic-nerve-head-cup-with-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-for-the-structural-diagnosis-of-glaucoma
#6
Fabio Lavinsky, Camila Zanella Benfica, Nédio Castoldi, Anne Elise Cruz do Carmo Chaves, Paulo Augusto de Arruda Mello
Purpose: To evaluate the hypotenuse of the vertical optic nerve head cup (HVOC), measured using the length and depth of the cup obtained with enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optic coherence tomography (SD-OCT), as a biomarker for glaucoma diagnosis. Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study of patients with glaucoma and controls. SD-OCT was performed in all participants to assess average circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409880/the-effects-of-graded-intraocular-pressure-challenge-on-the-optic-nerve-head
#7
Nimesh Patel, Faith McAllister, Laura Pardon, Ronald Harwerth
Intraocular pressure (IOP) is an important risk factor for glaucoma, and the response of the ONH and surrounding tissues to elevated IOP are often investigated to better understand pathophysiology. In vivo structure including that of the optic nerve head (ONH) and surrounding tissue of the eye are often assessed using optical coherence tomography (OCT). With advances in OCT technology, both large vessels and capillaries can be imaged non-invasively (OCT Angiography). Because a significant portion of retinal thickness is comprised of vasculature, the purpose of the current study was to investigate OCT structural and vascular changes in healthy non-human primate eyes with systematic graded increases and decreases in IOP...
February 1, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396688/validation-of-the-structure-function-correlation-report-from-the-heidelberg-edge-perimeter-and-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#8
Qi N Cui, Scott J Fudemberg, Arthur F Resende, Thuy-Anh Vu, Chen Zhou, Kamran Rahmatnejad, Lisa A Hark, Jonathan S Myers, L Jay Katz, Michael Waisbourd
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic assessment of glaucoma specialists with an automated structure-function correlation report combining visual field (VF) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imagining in subjects with glaucoma. METHODS: This prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted at Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Subjects with glaucoma received ophthalmic examination, VF testing, and SD-OCT imaging. An automated report was generated describing structure-function correlations between the two structural elements [retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and Bruch's membrane opening-minimum rim width (MRW)] and VF sectors...
February 2, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392641/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-findings-of-an-optic-disc-melanocytoma-in-a-glaucoma-eye
#9
Yoshiyuki Kita, Gábor Hollό, Akiko Murai, Ritsuko Kita, Akito Hirakata
PURPOSE: To determine the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) characteristics of a case of optic disc melanocytoma (ODM) associated with glaucomatous visual field and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defects in normal tension glaucoma. METHODS: The left eye of a 37-year-old female patient followed for a stable ODM for 10 years was investigated with OCT, OCTA, fluorescein (FA), and indocyanine green (ICGA) angiography. The ODM was unchanged, but a previously unknown inferotemporal neuroretinal rim loss and inferotemporal and superotemporal wedge shape glaucomatous RNFL thinning were seen with corresponding glaucomatous visual field defects...
February 1, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392325/challenges-to-the-common-clinical-paradigm-for-diagnosis-of-glaucomatous-damage-with-oct-and-visual-fields
#10
Donald C Hood, Carlos Gustavo De Moraes
The most common clinical paradigm (CCP) for diagnosing glaucoma includes a visual field (VF) with a 6° test grid (e.g., the 24-2 or 30-2 test pattern) and an optical coherence tomography (OCT) scan of the optic disc. Furthermore, these tests are assessed based upon quantitative metrics (e.g., the pattern standard deviation [PSD] of the VF and the global retinal nerve fiber thickness of the OCT disc scan). This CCP is facing three challenges. First, the macular region (i.e., ±8° from fixation) is affected early in the glaucomatous process, and the CCP can miss and/or underestimate the damage...
February 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390457/diagnostic-ability-of-macular-ganglion-cell-inner-plexiform-layer-thickness-in-glaucoma-suspects
#11
Xiaoyu Xu, Hui Xiao, Xinxing Guo, Xiangxi Chen, Linlin Hao, Jingyi Luo, Xing Liu
The purpose is to assess the diagnostic ability for early glaucoma of macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness in a Chinese population including glaucoma suspects.A total of 367 eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (168 early glaucoma, 78 moderate glaucoma, and 121 advanced glaucoma), 52 eyes with ocular hypertension (OHT), 59 eyes with enlarged cup-to-disc ratio (C/D), and 225 normal eyes were included. GCIPL thickness (average, minimum, superotemporal, superior, superonasal, inferonasal, inferior, and inferotemporal), retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, and optic nerve head (ONH) parameters were measured using Cirrus high-definition optical coherence tomography (OCT) and compared...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390233/oct-angiography-of-the-central-macular-capillary-network-in-glaucoma-patients-and-healthy-controls
#12
Olena Müller, Margarita G Todorova, Torsten Schlote
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate central macular microvasculature by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and to analyse its relation to alterations in classical parameters of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in glaucoma patients. METHODS: Using OCTA (Avanti incl. AngioVue; Optovue, Inc., Fremont, CA), the superficial flow (SF) and the superficial non-flow (SNF) area of the macula, as well as the S-ETDRS (based on Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy charts)...
February 1, 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386616/bruch-s-membrane-opening-based-optical-coherence-tomography-of-the-optic-nerve-head-a-useful-diagnostic-tool-to-detect-glaucoma-in-macrodiscs
#13
P Enders, F Schaub, W Adler, M M Hermann, T S Dietlein, C Cursiefen, L M Heindl
PurposeTo compare Bruch's membrane opening (BMO)-based spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and margin based confocal scanning laser tomography (CSLT) of the optic nerve head (ONH) to visual field function in large optic discs (macrodiscs) and to assess performance for glaucoma detection.MethodsIn a case-control, cross-sectional study, 125 eyes of 125 patients with disc size >2.45 mm2, thereof 44 glaucoma and 11 ocular hypertension (OHT) patients and 70 healthy controls underwent SD-OCT and CSLT examination, visual field testing and clinical evaluation...
February 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384083/combining-optical-coherence-tomography-with-visual-field-data-to-rapidly-detect-disease-progression-in-glaucoma-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#14
David F Garway-Heath, Haogang Zhu, Qian Cheng, Katy Morgan, Chris Frost, David P Crabb, Tuan-Anh Ho, Yannis Agiomyrgiannakis
BACKGROUND: Progressive optic nerve damage in glaucoma results in vision loss, quantifiable with visual field (VF) testing. VF measurements are, however, highly variable, making identification of worsening vision ('progression') challenging. Glaucomatous optic nerve damage can also be measured with imaging techniques such as optical coherence tomography (OCT). OBJECTIVE: To compare statistical methods that combine VF and OCT data with VF-only methods to establish whether or not these allow (1) more rapid identification of glaucoma progression and (2) shorter or smaller clinical trials...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370018/differentiating-occult-branch-retinal-artery-occlusion-from-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#15
Michael Sullivan-Mee, Pathik Amin, Denise Pensyl, Suchitra Katiyar
SIGNIFICANCE: Clinical findings in occult branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) can mimic those of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Because management of these conditions substantially differs, accurate diagnosis is crucial. Our comparative analysis indicates that specific macular thickness variables reliably differentiate these conditions and that macular scanning may enhance routine glaucoma evaluation. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify clinical factors that reliably and efficiently identify occult BRAO masquerading as POAG...
January 25, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359110/the-interrelationship-between-refractive-error-blood-vessel-anatomy-and-glaucomatous-visual-field-loss
#16
Mengyu Wang, Qingying Jin, Hui Wang, Dian Li, Neda Baniasadi, Tobias Elze
Purpose: We quantified the interrelationship between retinal blood vessel (BV) anatomical variation, spherical equivalent (SE) of refractive error, and functional diagnostic parameters in glaucoma to identify optimal parameters for the improvement of optical coherence tomography (OCT) retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) norms. Methods: A trained observer marked the intersections of the main superior/inferior temporal arteries and veins with concentric circles around the optic nerve head (ONH) center on fundus images...
January 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342153/the-impact-of-optic-nerve-and-related-characteristics-on-disc-area-measurements-derived-from-different-imaging-techniques
#17
Michael Yapp, George Rennie, Michael P Hennessy, Michael Kalloniatis, Barbara Zangerl
PURPOSE: Optic nerve head (ONH) assessment and its interpretation in healthy patients and those with glaucoma remains a pivotal topic specifically considering rapid advancements in imaging technologies. We undertook a large-scale, mixed cohort, comparative study to assess the correlation of optic disc measurements between different imaging modalities and investigated the impact of patient and disc associated parameters. METHODS: ONH sizes were obtained from one randomly selected eye of each of 209 patients using stereophotography, confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and two different optical coherence tomographers (OCT)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340640/in-vivo-three-dimensional-lamina-cribrosa-strains-in-healthy-ocular-hypertensive-and-glaucoma-eyes-following-acute-intraocular-pressure-elevation
#18
Meghna R Beotra, Xiaofei Wang, Tin A Tun, Liang Zhang, Mani Baskaran, Tin Aung, Nicholas G Strouthidis, Michaël J A Girard
Purpose: To compare in vivo lamina cribrosa (LC) strains (deformations) following acute IOP elevation in healthy, glaucoma, and ocular hypertensive subjects. Methods: There were 20 healthy, 20 high-tension primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), 16 primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG), and 20 ocular hypertensive (OHT; with normal visual fields) eyes studied. For each test eye, the optic nerve head was imaged three times (at baseline IOP, following an acute elevation of IOP to approximately 35 then 45 mm Hg using an ophthalmodynamomter) using optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
January 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332249/correlation-of-flow-density-as-measured-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-with-structural-and-functional-parameters-in-glaucoma-patients
#19
Maged Alnawaiseh, Larissa Lahme, Viktoria Müller, André Rosentreter, Nicole Eter
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between flow density, as measured by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and structural and functional parameters in patients with open-angle glaucoma. METHODS: Thirty-four eyes of 34 patients with open-angle glaucoma and 35 eyes of 35 healthy subjects were prospectively included in this study. OCTA was performed using RTVue XR Avanti with AngioVue. The macula was imaged with a 3 × 3 mm scan and the optic nerve head (ONH) with a 4...
January 13, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332119/autofluorescence-of-skin-advanced-glycation-end-products-as-a-risk-factor-for-open-angle-glaucoma-the-alienor-study
#20
Cedric Schweitzer, Audrey Cougnard-Gregoire, Vincent Rigalleau, Jean-Francois Dartigues, Florence Malet, Marie-Benedicte Rougier, Marie-Noelle Delyfer, Catherine Helmer, Jean-Francois Korobelnik, Cecile Delcourt
Purpose: To analyze the association between skin autofluorescence (sAF), estimating tissue accumulation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), and open angle glaucoma (OAG) in an elderly population. Methods: The Antioxydants, Lipides Essentiels, Nutrition and maladies OculaiRes (ALIENOR) study is an on-going epidemiologic population-based study on age-related eye diseases. In 2009 to 2010, 624 subjects, aged 74 years or older, were recruited. All subjects underwent a complete eye examination, including optic disc color photography and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) examination...
January 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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