keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

toxic white matter

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905657/-toxic-encephalopathy-caused-by-liquefied-gas-exposure-report-of-one-case
#1
Luis Cartier R, Andrés Gallardo V
Liquefied hydrocarbon gas, such as propane is considered safe. However there are reports that voluntary exposure to liquefied gas at least could originate hallucinatory states. We report a 20 years old woman who was found in a coma with extensor muscle hypertonia, brisk tendon reflexes and extensor plantar (Babinski) responses after being exposed to propane gas. The brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed lesions in both hippocampi and white matter in the oval center. The patient had a normal oxygen saturation of 98%, a carboxyhemoglobin of 1...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904823/expression-of-gp91phox-and-p22phox-catalytic-subunits-of-nadph-oxidase-on-microglia-in-nasu-hakola-disease-brains
#2
Jun-Ichi Satoh, Yoshihiro Kino, Motoaki Yanaizu, Youhei Tosaki, Kenji Sakai, Tusyoshi Ishida, Yuko Saito
The superoxide-producing nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase complex of phagocytes (phox) plays a key role in production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by microglia. The catalytic subunits of the NADPH oxidase are composed of p22phox and gp91phox. Nasu-Hakola disease (NHD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by a loss-of-function mutation of either TYROBP (DAP12) or TREM2. Pathologically, the brains of NHD patients exhibit extensive demyelination designated leukoencephalopathy, astrogliosis, accumulation of axonal spheroids, and remarkable activation of microglia predominantly in the white matter of frontal and temporal lobes...
November 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834287/naphthoquine-induced-central-nervous-system-and-hepatic-vasculocentric-toxicity-in-the-beagle-dog
#3
Jean-Rene Galarneau, Emily K Meseck, Robert L Hall, Wenkui Li, Margaret L Weaver
Naphthoquine phosphate (NP) was considered as a partner drug with a promising antimalarial drug candidate. Here we report unexpected adverse clinical signs and microscopic findings in a canine pilot toxicology study with NP. Male and female dogs were dosed daily by oral gavage with NP at 2, 10, or 50 mg/kg/day for a maximum of 14 days. NP was not tolerated at ≥10 mg/kg/day; several animals were sacrificed in moribund condition and marked neurological clinical signs were noted at 50 mg/kg/day. The main microscopic observation was central nervous system vasculocentric inflammation (mainly lymphocytes and macrophages) in the white and gray matter of various regions of the brain at ≥2 mg/kg/day and at lower incidence in the spinal cord at ≥10 mg/kg/day...
November 9, 2016: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815462/early-non-invasive-detection-of-acute-1-2-dichloroethane-induced-toxic-encephalopathy-in-rats
#4
Xiaoliang Zhou, Yuze Cao, Christoph Leuze, Binbin Nie, Baoci Shan, Wenbin Zhou, Peter Cipriano, B O Xiao
AIM: To assess the acute effect of 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCE) on rat brain using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed dMRI on 30 male Sprague-Dawley rats, microstructural alterations were investigated by calculating the mean fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) changes in eight selected brain regions of interest. For the whole brain, clusters of 20+ voxels that differed significantly in FA and ADC between groups were marked...
November 2016: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760694/neurological-deficit-following-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-trigeminal-neuralgia
#5
S Kemp, R S Allan, N Patanjali, M H Barnett, B P Jonker
We report a unique case of neurological deficit from late onset multiple sclerosis (MS), in a 65-year-old woman, after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for trigeminal neuralgia (TN). At 3.5months post-SRS for TN, the patient developed ataxia and left leg paraesthesiae and brain MRI showed altered signal and enhancement in the vicinity of the right trigeminal root entry zone (REZ). The symptoms remitted following treatment with intravenous methylprednisolone, however, 10months post-SRS, the patient developed gait ataxia and left lower limb weakness...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753502/carbon-monoxide-poisoning-pathogenesis-management-and-future-directions-of-therapy
#6
Jason J Rose, Ling Wang, Qinzi Xu, Charles F McTiernan, Sruti Shiva, Jesus Tejero, Mark T Gladwin
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning affects 50,000 people a year in the United States. The clinical presentation runs a spectrum, ranging from headache and dizziness to coma and death, with a mortality rate ranging from 1-3%. A significant number of patients who survive CO poisoning suffer from long term neurologic and affective sequelae. The neurologic deficits do not necessarily correlate with blood CO levels, but likely result from the pleiotropic effects of CO on cellular mitochondrial respiration, cellular energy utilization, inflammation and free radical generation, especially in the brain and heart...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742371/leucoencephalopathy-following-abuse-of-sniffed-heroin
#7
Romain Lefaucheur, Axel Lebas, Emmanuel Gérardin, Lou Grangeon, Ozlem Ozkul-Wermester, Carole Aubier-Girard, Olivier Martinaud, David Maltête
A 29-year-old man was admitted for acute cognitive impairment. Three weeks earlier, he had been admitted for coma due to sniffed heroin abuse responsive to naloxone infusion. At admission, the patient presented with apraxia, severe memory impairment and anosognosia. Brain MRI revealed symmetric hyperintensities of supratentorial white matter, sparing brainstem and cerebellum, on FLAIR and B1000 sequences. Four months later, repeated neuropsychological assessment revealed dramatic improvement of global cognitive functions...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714660/silica-dioxide-nanoparticles-combined-with-cold-exposure-induce-stronger-systemic-inflammatory-response
#8
Yongqiang Zhang, Yangsheng Lin, Xi Li, Li Zhang, Wei Pan, Huili Zhu, Danfeng Yang
Growing concern has been raised over the potential hazard of nanoparticles (NPs) on human health from ambient particulate air pollution. Silicon dioxide (SiO2) NPs are one of the most widely used nanoparticles in many sectors of industry. Research on NPs has focused mainly on their toxicity in organs. Meanwhile, NPs are present in the air year-round, but are more serious in winter. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the inflammatory response to SiO2 NPs using in vivo test systems. The composition of particulate matter is complicated; however, elemental silicon accounts for a significant proportion...
October 6, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659560/hiv-1-tat-inhibits-autotaxin-lysophospholipase-d-activity-and-modulates-oligodendrocyte-differentiation
#9
Natalie A Wheeler, Babette Fuss, Pamela E Knapp, ShiPing Zou
White matter injury has been frequently reported in HIV(+) patients. Previous studies showed that HIV-1 Tat (transactivator of transcription), a viral protein that is produced and secreted by HIV-infected cells, is toxic to young, immature oligodendrocytes (OLGs). Adding Tat to the culture medium reduced the viability of immature OLGs, and the surviving OLGs exhibited reduced process networks. OLGs produce and secrete autotaxin (ATX), an ecto-enzyme containing a lysophospholipase D (lysoPLD) activity that converts lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) to lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a lipid signaling molecule that stimulates OLG differentiation...
October 2016: ASN Neuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618323/white-matter-diseases-with-radiologic-pathologic-correlation
#10
Nicolae Sarbu, Robert Y Shih, Robert V Jones, Iren Horkayne-Szakaly, Laura Oleaga, James G Smirniotopoulos
White matter diseases include a wide spectrum of disorders that have in common impairment of normal myelination, either by secondary destruction of previously myelinated structures (demyelinating processes) or by primary abnormalities of myelin formation (dysmyelinating processes). The pathogenesis of many white matter diseases remains poorly understood. Demyelinating disorders are the object of this review and will be further divided into autoimmune, infectious, vascular, and toxic-metabolic processes. Autoimmune processes include multiple sclerosis and related diseases: tumefactive demyelinating lesions, Balo concentric sclerosis, Marburg and Schilder variants, neuromyelitis optica (Devic disease), acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalopathy (Hurst disease)...
September 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613277/acute-demyelination-following-radiotherapy-for-glioma-a-cautionary-tale
#11
Marina Milic, Jeremy H Rees
Radiotherapy is the mainstay of treatment after surgery for high-grade gliomas and is usually well tolerated. Radiation toxicity in the brain is usually classified according to the timing of side effects in relation to treatment, as either acute (during radiotherapy), early delayed (within 12 weeks of radiotherapy) or late delayed (months to years after radiotherapy). We report two cases of young women who developed severe acute demyelination within 4 months of radiotherapy for glioma, one of whom had a previous history of transverse myelitis...
September 9, 2016: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594956/marchiafava-bignami-disease-in-chronic-alcoholic-patient
#12
Tekwani Parmanand H
Marchiafava-Bignami disease is a rare toxic encephalopathy seen mostly in chronic alcoholics due to progressive demyelination and necrosis of the corpus callosum. It may involve adjacent white matter and subcortical regions. We present here the magnetic resonance imaging findings of Machiafava-Bignami disease in a chronic alcoholic patient. In 1903, Italian pathologists Marchiafava and Bignami described 3 alcoholic men who died after having seizures and coma. All 3 patients were chronic alcoholics and had consumed considerable amounts of red wine...
September 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591467/correlation-of-computed-tomography-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-clinical-outcome-in-acute-carbon-monoxide-poisoning
#13
Namik Ozcan, Giray Ozcam, Pinar Kosar, Ayse Ozcan, Hulya Basar, Cetin Kaymak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Carbon monoxide is a toxic gas for humans and is still a silent killer in both developed and developing countries. The aim of this case series was to evaluate early radiological images as a predictor of subsequent neuropsychological sequelae, following carbon monoxide poisoning. CASE 1: After carbon monoxide exposure, early computed tomography scans and magnetic resonance imaging findings of a 52-year-old woman showed bilateral lesions in the globus pallidus...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527142/optimization-and-biodistribution-of-11-c-tkf-an-analog-of-tau-protein-imaging-agent-18-f-thk523
#14
Yanyan Kong, Yihui Guan, Fengchun Hua, Zhengwei Zhang, Xiuhong Lu, Tengfang Zhu, Bizeng Zhao, Jianhua Zhu, Cong Li, Jian Chen
The quantification of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) using specific PET tracers can facilitate the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and allow monitoring of disease progression and treatment efficacy. [(18)F]-THK523 has shown high affinity and selectivity for tau pathology. However, its high retention in white matter, which makes simple visual inspection difficult, may limit its use in research or clinical settings. In this paper, we optimized the automated radiosynthesis of [(11)C]-TKF and evaluated its biodistribution and toxicity in C57 mice...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512952/glial-degeneration-with-oxidative-damage-drives-neuronal-demise-in-mpsii-disease
#15
Cristina Zalfa, Chiara Verpelli, Francesca D'Avanzo, Rosella Tomanin, Cinzia Vicidomini, Laura Cajola, Renzo Manara, Carlo Sala, Maurizio Scarpa, Angelo Luigi Vescovi, Lidia De Filippis
Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPSII) is a lysosomal storage disorder due to the deficit of the iduronate 2-sulfatase (IDS) enzyme, causing progressive neurodegeneration in patients. Neural stem cells (NSCs) derived from the IDS-ko mouse can recapitulate MPSII pathogenesis in vitro. In differentiating IDS-ko NSCs and in the aging IDS-ko mouse brain, glial degeneration precedes neuronal degeneration. Here we show that pure IDS-ko NSC-derived astrocytes are selectively able to drive neuronal degeneration when cocultured with healthy neurons...
August 11, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503951/basal-ganglia-necrosis-a-best-fit-approach
#16
Mihaela Boca, Katie Lloyd, Marcus Likeman, Philip Jardine, Alan Whone
A previously well 16-year-old boy developed a rapid-onset hypokinetic syndrome, coupled with a radiological appearance of extensive and highly symmetrical basal ganglia and white matter change. The diagnostic process was challenging and we systematically considered potential causes. After excluding common causes of this clinico-radiological picture, we considered common disorders with this unusual radiological picture and vice versa, before finally concluding that this was a rare presentation of a rare disease...
August 8, 2016: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497730/a-metabolic-profiling-analysis-of-the-nephrotoxicity-of-acyclovir-in-rats-using-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#17
Wenmin Xing, Lili Gu, Xinyue Zhang, Jiadong Xu, Hong Lu
Acyclovir (ACV) exposure is a common cause of acute kidney injury (AKI). The toxicity mechanism of ACV has always been a matter of debate. The present study investigated into the time-effect relationship and dose-effect relationship of ACV-induced nephrotoxicity in rats using metabonomics. Twenty-four rats were randomly divided into four groups: a 0.9% NaCl solution group, and 100, 300, and 600mg/kg ACV-treated groups; the ACV or vehicle solution was administered with a single intravenous injection. Urine was collected at different time periods (12h before administration, and 0-6h, 7-12h, and 13-24h after administration)...
September 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497488/healthy-brain-connectivity-predicts-atrophy-progression-in-non-fluent-variant-of-primary-progressive-aphasia
#18
Maria Luisa Mandelli, Eduard Vilaplana, Jesse A Brown, H Isabel Hubbard, Richard J Binney, Suneth Attygalle, Miguel A Santos-Santos, Zachary A Miller, Mikhail Pakvasa, Maya L Henry, Howard J Rosen, Roland G Henry, Gil D Rabinovici, Bruce L Miller, William W Seeley, Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini
Neurodegeneration has been hypothesized to follow predetermined large-scale networks through the trans-synaptic spread of toxic proteins from a syndrome-specific epicentre. To date, no longitudinal neuroimaging study has tested this hypothesis in vivo in frontotemporal dementia spectrum disorders. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that longitudinal progression of atrophy in non-fluent/agrammatic variant primary progressive aphasia spreads over time from a syndrome-specific epicentre to additional regions, based on their connectivity to the epicentre in healthy control subjects...
August 6, 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432685/inherited-or-acquired-metabolic-disorders
#19
Florian Eichler, Eva Ratai, Jason J Carroll, Joseph C Masdeu
This chapter starts with a description of imaging of inherited metabolic disorders, followed by a discussion on imaging of acquired toxic-metabolic disorders of the adult brain. Neuroimaging is crucial for the diagnosis and management of a number of inherited metabolic disorders. Among these, inherited white-matter disorders commonly affect both the nervous system and endocrine organs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has enabled new classifications of these disorders that have greatly enhanced both our diagnostic ability and our understanding of these complex disorders...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405321/case-control-study-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-of-brain-in-hiv-infected-patients
#20
Devender Bairwa, Virendra Kumar, Surabhi Vyas, Bimal Kumar Das, Achal Kumar Srivastava, Ravinder M Pandey, Surendra K Sharma, Naranamangalam R Jagannathan, Sanjeev Sinha
BACKGROUND: In vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) studies on brain in HIV infected patients have shown significant alteration in neuro-biochemicals. METHODS: In this study, we measured the neuro-biochemical metabolites from the left frontal white matter (FWM) and left basal ganglia (BG) caudate head nucleus in 71 subjects that include 30 healthy controls, 20 asymptomatic HIV and 21 HIV patients with CNS lesion. Proton MR spectra were acquired at 3 T MRI system and the concentration (institutional units) of tNAA (N-acetylaspartate, NAA + N-acetylaspartylglutamate, NAAG), tCr (Creatine, Cr + phosphocreatine, PCr), choline containing compounds (tCho), glutamate + glutamine (Glx) and lipid and macromolecules at 0...
2016: BMC Neurology
keyword
keyword
61426
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"