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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672966/rhubarb-combined-with-trypsin-inhibitor-for-severe-acute-pancreatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Jing Hu, Peilin Li, Tao Zhang
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rhubarb combined with trypsin inhibitor for severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). This meta-analysis was performed in accordance with the Transparent Reporting of Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis protocol (PRISMA-P) and Cochrane Handbook. Relevant studies from inception to 2016 were searched through 7 related databases. The Cochrane Library was searched to assess the bias of the included trials. Data were analysed with Review Manager 5.3 software...
April 19, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666309/hospital-admissions-associated-with-medication-non-adherence-a-systematic-review-of-prospective-observational-studies
#2
Pajaree Mongkhon, Darren M Ashcroft, C Norman Scholfield, Chuenjid Kongkaew
BACKGROUND: Medication non-adherence in ambulatory care has received substantial attention in the literature, but less so as it affects acute care. Accordingly, we aimed to estimate the frequency with which non-adherence to medication contributes to hospital admissions. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts and PubMed (until December 2017) to identify prospective observational studies that examined prevalence rates of hospital admissions associated with medication non-adherence...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665835/the-efficacy-of-intravenous-aminocaproic-acid-in-primary-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#3
Yong-Jiang Li, Bi-Sheng Xu, Sun-Peng Bai, Xiao-Jun Guo, Xiang-Yuan Yan
BACKGROUND: We conducted a meta-analysis from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs to assess the efficacy of aminocaproic acid in cases of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Potentially relevant academic articles were identified from the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE (1966-2017 October 31), PubMed (1966-2017 October 31), EMBASE (1980-2017 October 31), and ScienceDirect (1985-2017 October 31). Secondary sources were identified from the references of the included literature...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664177/-osler-warned-was-william-osler-a-grave-robber-while-at-mcgill-or-was-he-a-victim-or-perpetrator-of-one-final-practical-joke
#4
James R Wright
Bodysnatching was an illegal way to procure cadavers for anatomical dissection before the existence of effective anatomy legislation. As knowledge of anatomy was fundamental to medical practice, many famous 19th century physicians turned a blind eye to this activity or even participated. Sir William Osler, perhaps the most revered physician of all time, received his medical degree from McGill University in 1872 and then served as pathologist at Montreal General Hospital from 1874 to 1884, where he began a career which culminated in him becoming both the first Professor of Medicine at Johns Hopkins and then Regius Professor at Oxford...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662294/application-of-enhanced-recovery-after-gastric-cancer-surgery-an-updated-meta-analysis
#5
Liu-Hua Wang, Ren-Fei Zhu, Cheng Gao, Shou-Lin Wang, Li-Zong Shen
AIM: To provide an updated assessment of the safety and efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols in elective gastric cancer (GC) surgery. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, World Health Organization International Trial Register, and Cochrane Library were searched up to June 2017 for all available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing ERAS protocols and standard care (SC) in GC surgery. Thirteen RCTs, with a total of 1092 participants, were analyzed in this study, of whom 545 underwent ERAS protocols and 547 received SC treatment...
April 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661270/systematic-review-of-the-evidence-related-to-mandated-nurse-staffing-ratios-in-acute-hospitals
#6
Richard Olley, Ian Edwards, Mark Avery, Helen Cooper
Objective The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate and summarise available research on nurse staffing methods and relate these to outcomes under three overarching themes of: (1) management of clinical risk, quality and safety; (2) development of a new or innovative staffing methodology; and (3) equity of nursing workload. Methods The PRISMA method was used. Relevant articles were located by searching via the Griffith University Library electronic catalogue, including articles on PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Medline...
April 17, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658538/-effectiveness-of-oral-nutritional-supplements-to-prevent-hospital-malnutrition-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#7
Luca Giuseppe Re, Maura Lusignani
. Effectiveness of oral nutritional supplements to prevent hospital malnutrition. Overview of systematic reviews. INTRODUCTION: Although oral nutritional supplements (ONSs) are among most popular interventions to prevent a condition of hospital malnutrition, their real benefits need to be clarified. AIM: To evaluate in adults the effectiveness of ONSs to prevent hospital malnutrition. METHODS: Papers retrieval by querying biomedical databases The Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, CINAHL...
January 2018: Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca: AIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656656/effect-of-coronary-collaterals-on-prognosis-in-patients-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-meta-analysis
#8
Kongyong Cui, Shuzheng Lyu, Xiantao Song, Fei Yuan, Feng Xu, Min Zhang, Mingduo Zhang, Wei Wang, Dongfeng Zhang, Jinfan Tian
The impact of coronary collaterals on the prognosis in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the era of coronary revascularization remains controversial. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate the effect of coronary collateral on clinical outcomes, especially mortality (≥6 months), in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for STEMI. Eligible observational studies were selected by searching PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library up to August 9, 2017...
January 1, 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652874/evaluation-of-the-bolet%C3%A3-n-m%C3%A3-dico-del-hospital-infantil-de-m%C3%A3-xico-by-the-literature-selection-technical-review-committee-of-the-national-library-of-medicine
#9
María Guadalupe Campos-Lara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651642/thulium-laser-vaporesection-of-the-prostate-versus-traditional-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-or-transurethral-plasmakinetic-resection-of-prostate-for-benign-prostatic-obstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Zheng Deng, Menghao Sun, Yiping Zhu, Jian Zhuo, Fujun Zhao, Shujie Xia, Bangmin Han, Thomas R W Herrmann
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of thulium laser VapoResection of the prostate (ThuVaRP) versus standard traditional transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or plasmakinetic resection of prostate (PKRP) for benign prostatic obstruction. METHODS: Systematic searches were performed in the Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and CNKI in December 2017. The outcomes of demographic and clinical characteristics, perioperative variables, complications, and postoperative efficacy including International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (QoL), maximum flow rate (Qmax), and postvoid residual (PVR) were assessed...
April 12, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644330/pregnancy-complications-in-infertile-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-updated-evidences
#11
Stefano Palomba, Angela Falbo, Jessica Daolio, Francesco A Battaglia, Giovanni B LA Sala
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common female disorder with a pathogenesis still today not completely known. To the present, PCOS is considered more than just a reproductive disorder since several metabolic consequences that could affect women's health during different stages of reproductive and post-reproductive life were reported. The aim of the current review was to evaluate present evidence-based data regarding the pregnancy complications in infertile patients with PCOS. An extensive literature search until February 2018 was performed in PubMed, Medline, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science...
April 11, 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643651/pilot-study-of-an-open-source-image-analysis-software-for-automated-screening-of-conventional-cervical-smears
#12
Parikshit Sanyal, Prosenjit Ganguli, Sanghita Barui, Prabal Deb
Introduction: The Pap stained cervical smear is a screening tool for cervical cancer. Commercial systems are used for automated screening of liquid based cervical smears. However, there is no image analysis software used for conventional cervical smears. The aim of this study was to develop and test the diagnostic accuracy of a software for analysis of conventional smears. Materials and Methods: The software was developed using Python programming language and open source libraries...
April 2018: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629985/ventilator-bundle-and-its-effects-on-mortality-among-icu-patients-a-meta-analysis
#13
Claudia Pileggi, Valentina Mascaro, Aida Bianco, Carmelo G A Nobile, Maria Pavia
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of the ventilator bundle in the reduction of mortality in ICU patients. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library for studies published until June 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Included studies: randomized controlled trials or any kind of nonrandomized intervention studies, made reference to a ventilator bundle approach, assessed mortality in ICU-ventilated adult patients. DATA EXTRACTION: Items extracted: study characteristics, description of the bundle approach, number of patients in the comparison groups, hospital/ICU mortality, ventilator-associated pneumonia-related mortality, assessment of compliance to ventilator bundle and its score...
April 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625590/guideline-on-management-of-the-acute-asthma-attack-in-children-by-italian-society-of-pediatrics
#14
REVIEW
Luciana Indinnimeo, Elena Chiappini, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice
BACKGROUND: Acute asthma attack is a frequent condition in children. It is one of the most common reasons for emergency department (ED) visit and hospitalization. Appropriate care is fundamental, considering both the high prevalence of asthma in children, and its life-threatening risks. Italian Society of Pediatrics recently issued a guideline on the management of acute asthma attack in children over age 2, in ambulatory and emergency department settings. METHODS: The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology was adopted...
April 6, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624594/a-systematic-scoping-review-on-the-consequences-of-stress-related-hyperglycaemia
#15
Elena Olariu, Nicholas Pooley, Aurélie Danel, Montserrat Miret, Jean-Charles Preiser
BACKGROUND: Stress-related hyperglycaemia (SHG) is commonly seen in acutely ill patients and has been associated with poor outcomes in many studies performed in different acute care settings. We aimed to review the available evidence describing the associations between SHG and different outcomes in acutely ill patients admitted to an ICU. Study designs, populations, and outcome measures used in observational studies were analysed. METHODS: We conducted a systematic scoping review of observational studies following the Joanna Briggs methodology...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618719/cervical-esophagotomy-for-foreign-body-extraction-a-case-report-and-extensive-literature-review-of-the-last-20-years
#16
Pasquale Cianci, Nicola Tartaglia, Amedeo Altamura, Alessandra Di Lascia, Alberto Fersini, Vincenzo Neri, Antonio Ambrosi
BACKGROUND Voluntary and involuntary ingestion of foreign bodies is a common condition; in most cases they pass through the digestive tract, but sometimes they stop, creating emergency situations for the patient. We report a case of meat bolus with cartilaginous component impacted in the cervical esophagus, with a brief literature review. CASE REPORT A 64-year-old man came to our attention for retention in the cervical esophagus of a piece of meat accidentally swallowed during lunch. After a few attempts of endoscopic removal carried out previously in other hospitals, the patient has been treated by us with a cervical esophagotomy and removal of the foreign body, without any complications...
April 5, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602486/comparison-of-arthroscopic-reduction-and-percutaneous-fixation-and-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-tibial-plateau-fractures
#17
Yufu Sun, Kai Sun, Wenxue Jiang
PURPOSE: To conduct a meta-analysis with randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in full text to demonstrate database to show the associations of perioperative, postoperative outcomes of arthroscopic reduction and percutaneous fixation(ARPF) and open reduction and internal fixation(ORIF) for tibial plateau fractures to provide the predictive diagnosis for clinic. METHODS: Literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for information from the earliest date of data collection to June 2017...
March 21, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595528/effect-of-methylprednisolone-on-pain-management-in-total-knee-or-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Guoming Liu, Min Gong, Youcui Wang, Zhou Xiang
BACKGROUND: Total joint arthroplasty has been reported to be a successful strategy for patients with advanced osteoarthritis, however, early postoperative pain has become an unresolved issue. Perioperative methylprednisolone administration in total joint arthroplasty is an important and controversial topic. This study was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of methylprednisolone for pain management after total knee or hip arthroplasty. METHODS: PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched for randomized controlled trials comparing methylprednisolone versus placebo for patients undergoing total knee or hip arthroplasty...
March 27, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595449/routine-low-dose-continuous-or-nocturnal-oxygen-for-people-with-acute-stroke-three-arm-stroke-oxygen-supplementation-rct
#19
Christine Roffe, Tracy Nevatte, Jon Bishop, Julius Sim, Cristina Penaloza, Susan Jowett, Natalie Ives, Richard Gray, Phillip Ferdinand, Girish Muddegowda
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Hypoxia is common after stroke and is associated with worse outcomes. Oxygen supplementation could prevent hypoxia and secondary brain damage. OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess whether or not routine low-dose oxygen supplementation in patients with acute stroke improves outcome compared with no oxygen; and (2) to assess whether or not oxygen given at night only, when oxygen saturation is most likely to be low, is more effective than continuous supplementation...
March 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593868/recommendations-for-active-correction-of-hypernatremia-in-volume-resuscitated-shock-or-sepsis-patients-should-be-taken-with-a-grain-of-salt-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Joseph W Quinn, Kerry Sewell, Dell E Simmons
Background: Healthcare-acquired hypernatremia (serum sodium >145 mEq/dL) is common among critically ill and other hospitalized patients and is usually treated with hypotonic fluid and/or diuretics to correct a "free water deficit." However, many hypernatremic patients are eu- or hypervolemic, and an evolving body of literature emphasizes the importance of rapidly returning critically ill patients to a neutral fluid balance after resuscitation. Objective: We searched for any randomized- or observational-controlled studies evaluating the impact of active interventions intended to correct hypernatremia to eunatremia on any outcome in volume-resuscitated patients with shock and/or sepsis...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
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