keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

controlled vocabulary

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637208/unit-conversions-between-loinc-codes
#1
Ronald G Hauser, Douglas B Quine, Alex Ryder, Sheldon Campbell
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) is the most widely used controlled vocabulary to identify laboratory tests. A given laboratory test can often be reported in more than 1 unit of measure (eg, grams or moles), and LOINC defines unique codes for each unit. Consequently, an identical laboratory test performed by 2 different clinical laboratories may have different LOINC codes. The absence of unit conversions between compatible LOINC codes impedes data aggregation and analysis of laboratory results...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632910/withdrawn-hypnosis-for-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Sharifa Al-Harasi, Paul F Ashley, David R Moles, Susan Parekh, Val Walters
BACKGROUND: Managing children is a challenge that many dentists face. Many non-pharmacological techniques have been developed to manage anxiety and behavioural problems in children, such us: 'tell, show & do', positive reinforcement, modelling and hypnosis. The use of hypnosis is generally an overlooked area, hence the need for this review. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review attempted to answer the question: What is the effectiveness of hypnosis (with or without sedation) for behaviour management of children who are receiving dental care in order to allow successful completion of treatment?Null hypothesis: Hypnosis has no effect on the outcome of dental treatment of children...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600923/multicomponent-view-of-vocabulary-acquisition-an-investigation-with-primary-grade-children
#3
Young-Suk Grace Kim
The role of working memory in vocabulary acquisition has been well established in the literature. In this study, we proposed and empirically tested the multicomponent view of vocabulary acquisition, which states that multiple language and cognitive skills are involved to facilitate phonological and semantic representations needed for vocabulary acquisition. Working memory and attention were hypothesized to be directly and indirectly related to vocabulary, whereas inference and morphosyntactic knowledge were hypothesized to be directly related to vocabulary (measured by the Picture Vocabulary Test of the Woodcock-Johnson III battery)...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591795/socioeconomic-status-and-reading-disability-neuroanatomy-and-plasticity-in-response-to-intervention
#4
Rachel R Romeo, Joanna A Christodoulou, Kelly K Halverson, Jack Murtagh, Abigail B Cyr, Carly Schimmel, Patricia Chang, Pamela E Hook, John D E Gabrieli
Although reading disability (RD) and socioeconomic status (SES) are independently associated with variation in reading ability and brain structure/function, the joint influence of SES and RD on neuroanatomy and/or response to intervention is unknown. In total, 65 children with RD (ages 6-9) with diverse SES were assigned to an intensive, 6-week summer reading intervention (n = 40) or to a waiting-list control group (n = 25). Before and after, all children completed standardized reading assessments and magnetic resonance imaging to measure cortical thickness...
June 7, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586825/typical-toddlers-participation-in-just-in-time-programming-of-vocabulary-for-visual-scene-display-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-apps-on-mobile-technology-a-descriptive-study
#5
Christine Holyfield, Kathryn Drager, Janice Light, Jessica Gosnell Caron
Purpose: Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) promotes communicative participation and language development for young children with complex communication needs. However, the motor, linguistic, and cognitive demands of many AAC technologies restrict young children's operational use of and influence over these technologies. The purpose of the current study is to better understand young children's participation in programming vocabulary "just in time" on an AAC application with minimized demands...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581688/when-you-re-happy-and-i-know-it-four-year-olds-emotional-perspective-taking-during-online-language-comprehension
#6
Melanie Khu, Craig Chambers, Susan A Graham
Using a novel emotional perspective-taking task, this study investigated 4-year-olds' (n = 97) use of a speaker's emotional prosody to make inferences about the speaker's emotional state and, correspondingly, their communicative intent. Eye gaze measures indicated preschoolers used emotional perspective inferences to guide their real-time interpretation of ambiguous statements. However, these sensitivities were less apparent in overt responses, suggesting preschoolers' ability to integrate emotional perspective cues is at an emergent state...
June 5, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579912/interaction-of-bilingualism-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-young-adults
#7
Ellen Bialystok, Kornelia Hawrylewicz, Melody Wiseheart, Maggie Toplak
One hundred and sixty-eight young adult participants were classified as monolingual or bilingual and as having a previously reported clinical diagnosis of ADHD or not to create four groups. All participants completed tests of language proficiency, ADHD ratings, and executive control. Both bilingualism and ADHD are generally associated with poorer vocabulary knowledge, but bilingualism and ADHD are associated with opposite effects on executive control. Consistent with this literature, bilinguals performed more poorly than monolinguals on the vocabulary test but contrary to predictions, the ADHD group performed somewhat better on language ability than the non-ADHD group, attesting to their high functioning status...
May 2017: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577444/auditory-processing-deficits-are-sometimes-necessary-and-sometimes-sufficient-for-language-difficulties-in-children-evidence-from-mild-to-moderate-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#8
Lorna F Halliday, Outi Tuomainen, Stuart Rosen
There is a general consensus that many children and adults with dyslexia and/or specific language impairment display deficits in auditory processing. However, how these deficits are related to developmental disorders of language is uncertain, and at least four categories of model have been proposed: single distal cause models, risk factor models, association models, and consequence models. This study used children with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss (MMHL) to investigate the link between auditory processing deficits and language disorders...
May 31, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558099/association-of-longitudinal-cognitive-decline-with-amyloid-burden-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-evidence-for-a-dose-response-relationship
#9
Michelle E Farrell, Kristen M Kennedy, Karen M Rodrigue, Gagan Wig, Gérard N Bischof, Jennifer R Rieck, Xi Chen, Sara B Festini, Michael D Devous, Denise C Park
Importance: Presently, the clinical standard for reporting the results of an amyloid positron emission tomography scan is to assign a dichotomous rating of positive or negative for the presence of amyloid. In a 4-year longitudinal study, we investigated whether using a continuous measure of the magnitude of baseline amyloid burden would provide valuable information about the rate of future cognitive decline over the subsequent 4 years compared with a dichotomous measure in middle-aged and older adults...
May 30, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555421/improving-medication-adherence-among-community-dwelling-seniors-with-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-of-interventions
#10
Edeltraut Kröger, Ovidiu Tatar, Isabelle Vedel, Anik M C Giguère, Philippe Voyer, Laurence Guillaumie, Jean-Pierre Grégoire, Line Guénette
Background Medication non-adherence may lead to poor therapeutic outcomes. Cognitive functions deteriorate with age, contributing to decreased adherence. Interventions have been tested to improve adherence in seniors with cognitive impairment or Alzheimer disease (AD), but high-quality systematic reviews are lacking. It remains unclear which interventions are promising. Objectives We conducted a systematic review to identify, describe, and evaluate interventions aimed at improving medication adherence among seniors with any type of cognitive impairment...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547010/language-development-and-impairment-in-children-with-mild-to-moderate-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#11
Lorna F Halliday, Outi Tuomainen, Stuart Rosen
Purpose: The goal of this study was to examine language development and factors related to language impairments in children with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss (MMHL). Method: Ninety children, aged 8-16 years (46 children with MMHL; 44 aged-matched controls), were administered a battery of standardized language assessments, including measures of phonological processing, receptive and expressive vocabulary and grammar, word and nonword reading, and parental report of communication skills...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543878/mitap-compliant-characterisation-of-human-regulatory-macrophages
#12
REVIEW
James A Hutchinson, Nobert Ahrens, Edward K Geissler
This article provides a transparent description of Mreg_UKR cell products, including manufacture and quality-control processes, using the structure and vocabulary of the 'Minimum Information about Tolerogenic Antigen-presenting Cells' reporting guidelines. This information is intended as a resource for those in the field, as well as a stimulus to develop a new wave of immunoregulatory and tissue-reparative monocyte-derived cell therapies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 20, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542333/it-takes-biking-to-learn-physical-activity-improves-learning-a-second-language
#13
Fengqin Liu, Simone Sulpizio, Suchada Kornpetpanee, Remo Job
Recent studies have shown that concurrent physical activity enhances learning a completely unfamiliar L2 vocabulary as compared to learning it in a static condition. In this paper we report a study whose aim is twofold: to test for possible positive effects of physical activity when L2 learning has already reached some level of proficiency, and to test whether the assumed better performance when engaged in physical activity is limited to the linguistic level probed at training (i.e. L2 vocabulary tested by means of a Word-Picture Verification task), or whether it extends also to the sentence level (which was tested by means of a Sentence Semantic Judgment Task)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529914/characteristics-of-postintensive-care-syndrome-in-survivors-of-pediatric-critical-illness-a-systematic-review
#14
Elizabeth A Herrup, Beth Wieczorek, Sapna R Kudchadkar
AIM: To synthesize the available evidence focusing on morbidities in pediatric survivors of critical illness that fall within the defined construct of postintensive care syndrome (PICS) in adults, including physical, neurocognitive and psychological morbidities. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and CINAHL using controlled vocabulary and key word terms to identify studies reporting characteristics of PICS in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients...
May 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523653/vocabulary-grammar-sex-and-aging
#15
Fermín Moscoso Del Prado Martín
Understanding the changes in our language abilities along the lifespan is a crucial step for understanding the aging process both in normal and in abnormal circumstances. Besides controlled experimental tasks, it is equally crucial to investigate language in unconstrained conversation. I present an information-theoretical analysis of a corpus of dyadic conversations investigating how the richness of the vocabulary, the word-internal structure (inflectional morphology), and the syntax of the utterances evolves as a function of the speaker's age and sex...
May 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521018/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-intractable-pain-a-systematic-review
#16
Dustin G Roberts, Nader Pouratian
BACKGROUND: Since the advent of neuromodulation, the role and efficacy of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for chronic pain has not been carefully scrutinized. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review to evaluate the clinical efficacy, both short- and long-term, of SRS for the treatment of chronic intractable pain. METHODS: A systematic search in PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycINFO was performed using keywords and controlled vocabulary. The search included peer-reviewed articles reporting clinical outcomes of SRS for chronic pain with a minimum 3-mo follow-up for nonmalignant and 1 mo for malignant pain...
May 17, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517945/predicting-growth-in-english-and-french-vocabulary-the-facilitating-effects-of-morphological-and-cognate-awareness
#17
Nadia D'Angelo, Kathleen Hipfner-Boucher, Xi Chen
The present study investigated the contribution of morphological and cognate awareness to the development of English and French vocabulary knowledge among young minority and majority language children who were enrolled in a French immersion program. Participating children (n = 75) were assessed in English and French on measures of morphological awareness, cognate awareness, and vocabulary knowledge from Grades 1 to 3. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to investigate linear trends in English and French vocabulary growth for minority and majority language children and to identify metalinguistic contributions to Grade 1 and Grade 3 English and French vocabulary performance and rate of growth...
May 18, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515314/the-mzidentml-data-standard-version-1-2-supporting-advances-in-proteome-informatics
#18
Juan Antonio Vizcaíno, Gerhard Mayer, Simon R Perkins, Harald Barsnes, Marc Vaudel, Yasset Perez-Riverol, Tobias Ternent, Julian Uszkoreit, Martin Eisenacher, Lutz Fischer, Juri Rappsilber, Eugen Netz, Mathias Walzer, Oliver Kohlbacher, Alexander Leitner, Robert J Chalkley, Fawaz Ghali, Salvador Martínez-Bartolomé, Eric W Deutsch, Andrew R Jones
The first stable version of the Proteomics Standards Initiative mzIdentML open data standard (version 1.1) was published in 2012 - capturing the outputs of peptide and protein identification software. In the intervening years, the standard has become well supported in both commercial and open software, as well as a submission and download format for public repositories. Here we report a new release of mzIdentML (version 1.2) that is required to keep pace with emerging practice in proteome informatics. New features have been added to support: (i) scores associated with localization of modifications on peptides; (ii) statistics performed at the level of peptides; (iii) identification of cross-linked peptides; and (iv) support for proteogenomics approaches...
May 17, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498913/the-management-of-menopause-in-women-with-a-history-of-endometriosis-a-systematic-review
#19
L C Gemmell, K E Webster, S Kirtley, K Vincent, K T Zondervan, C M Becker
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is typically regarded as a premenopausal disease, resolving after natural or iatrogenic menopause due to declining oestrogen levels. Nonetheless, case reports over the years have highlighted the incidence of recurrent postmenopausal endometriosis. It is now clear that both recurrence and malignant transformation of endometriotic foci can occur in the postmenopausal period. Postmenopausal women are commonly treated with hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to treat climacteric symptoms and prevent bone loss; however, HRT may reactivate endometriosis and stimulate malignant transformation in women with a history of endometriosis...
May 11, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495342/a-method-for-cohort-selection-of-cardiovascular-disease-records-from-an-electronic-health-record-system
#20
Maria Tereza Fernandes Abrahão, Moacyr Roberto Cuce Nobre, Marco Antonio Gutierrez
INTRODUCTION: An electronic healthcare record (EHR) system, when used by healthcare providers, improves the quality of care for patients and helps to lower costs. Information collected from manual or electronic health records can also be used for purposes not directly related to patient care delivery, in which case it is termed secondary use. EHR systems facilitate the collection of this secondary use data, which can be used for research purposes like observational studies, taking advantage of improvement in the structuring and retrieval of patient information...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
keyword
keyword
61424
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"