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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329176/does-rare-vocabulary-use-distinguish-giftedness-from-typical-development-a-study-of-school-age-african-american-narrators
#1
Monique T Mills, Jamie Mahurin-Smith, Sara C Steele
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine rare vocabulary produced in the spoken narratives of school-age African American children. Method: Forty-three children from general and gifted classrooms produced 2 narratives: a personal story and a fictional story that was based on the wordless book Frog, Where Are You? (Mayer, 1969). The Wordlist for Expressive Rare Vocabulary Evaluation (Mahurin-Smith, DeThorne, & Petrill, 2015) was used to tally number and type of uncommon words produced in these narratives...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315489/effect-of-angiotensin-2-receptor-blockers-on-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease-mortality-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Pilar Paulin, Joaquin Maritano Furcada, Catalina M Ungaro, Gisela Bendelman, Gabriel D Waisman, Matias H Castro, Diego H Giunta, Bruno L Ferreyro
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the fifth cause of mortality worldwide. Systemic inflammation is a crucial element in its physiopathology. As Renin-Angiotensin System is one of the main components of this inflammatory neurohumoral cascade, Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs) might have an effect on mortality in COPD patients. GOAL: To evaluate the association between ARBs treatment and mortality in COPD patients. METHODS: Retrospective cohort of patients with diagnosis of COPD from 2003 to 2013...
March 14, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302555/development-of-bioinformatics-infrastructure-for-genomics-research-in-h3africa
#3
Nicola J Mulder, Ezekiel Adebiyi, Marion Adebiyi, Seun Adeyemi, Azza Ahmed, Rehab Ahmed, Bola Akanle, Mohamed Alibi, Don L Armstrong, Shaun Aron, Efejiro Ashano, Shakuntala Baichoo, Alia Benkahla, David K Brown, Emile R Chimusa, Faisal M Fadlelmola, Dare Falola, Segun Fatumo, Kais Ghedira, Amel Ghouila, Scott Hazelhurst, Iunu Isewon, Segun Jung, Samar Kamal Kassim, Jonathan K Kayondo, Mamana Mbiyavanga, Ayton Meintjes, Somia Mohammed, Abayomi Mosaku, Ahmed Moussa, Mustafa Muhammd, Zahra Mungloo-Dilmohamud, Oyekanmi Nashiru, Trust Odia, Adaobi Okafor, Olaleye Oladipo, Victor Osamor, Jellili Oyelade, Khalid Sadki, Samson Pandam Salifu, Jumoke Soyemi, Sumir Panji, Fouzia Radouani, Oussama Souiai, Özlem Tastan Bishop
BACKGROUND: Although pockets of bioinformatics excellence have developed in Africa, generally, large-scale genomic data analysis has been limited by the availability of expertise and infrastructure. H3ABioNet, a pan-African bioinformatics network, was established to build capacity specifically to enable H3Africa (Human Heredity and Health in Africa) researchers to analyze their data in Africa. Since the inception of the H3Africa initiative, H3ABioNet's role has evolved in response to changing needs from the consortium and the African bioinformatics community...
March 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284174/childhood-obesity-among-the-poor-in-peru-are-there-implications-for-cognitive-outcomes
#4
Suzanne L Wisniewski
This paper exploits three rounds of panel data provided by the Peruvian dataset of the Young Lives study to investigate the relationship between child cognition and obesity status among the poor. Child weight status is measured by a full distribution of child weight, from severely thin to obese, using data from a z-score for body mass index and cognition is measured by the Spanish version of the Picture Peabody Vocabulary Test (PPVT). This relationship is studied at age five and age eight (school age), and disaggregated across socioeconomic factors of gender, urban/rural setting and indigenous/nonindigenous status...
February 27, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277014/-you-are-labelled-by-your-children-s-disability-a-community-based-participatory-study-of-stigma-among-somali-parents-of-children-with-autism-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#5
Lucy Ellen Selman, Fiona Fox, Nura Aabe, Katrina Turner, Dheeraj Rai, Sabi Redwood
OBJECTIVES: Social stigma is commonly experienced by parents of children with autism. Our aim was to understand the nature of stigma experienced by Somali parents of children with autism in the United Kingdom (UK), and to consider how they coped with or resisted such stigma. DESIGN: We used a community-based participatory research approach, collaborating with a community organisation of Somali parents. In-depth interviews with simultaneous translation were conducted with 15 Somali parents of children with autism living in Bristol, UK, in 2015...
March 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269474/gistelemed-an-online-based-gis-approach-to-epidemiological-analysis-in-telemedicine-systems
#6
Andrei de Souza Inacio, Alexandre Savaris, Joao Marcus Alves, Aldo von Wangenheim
Large-scale telemedicine systems provide extensive amounts of data that can be used to gather epidemiological information. Epidemiologists have been using GIS systems for the easy and quick visualization of data and to perform georeferenced epidemiological analysis. This paper presents GISTelemed, a georeferenced epidemiological analysis tool developed as part of the Santa Catarina State Integrated Telemedicine and Telehealth System (STT/SC), a statewide telemedicine infrastructure in Brazil. The GISTelemed module offers an architecture supporting real-time recovery, information visualization and epidemiological analysis from structured and semi-structured data...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263662/illness-experience-self-determination-and-recreational-activities-in-pediatric-asthma
#7
Peter M Bingham, Ian Crane, Sarah Waterman Manning
Although asthma self-management depends on ongoing and accurate self-assessment by the patient, pediatric asthma patients have weak skills in the area of symptom perception. Before developing an asthma game targeted to improving asthma self-management and improved symptom awareness, we sought to identify gaps in existing games. To clarify the role of relatedness and autonomy in asthma health game design, we investigated symptom awareness, vocabulary, and self-determination through a series of semi-structured interviews with children suffering from asthma...
March 6, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251393/a-path-model-of-expressive-vocabulary-skills-in-initially-preverbal-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Jena McDaniel, Paul Yoder, Linda R Watson
We examined direct and indirect paths involving receptive vocabulary and diversity of key consonants used in communication (DKCC) to improve understanding of why previously identified value-added predictors are associated with later expressive vocabulary for initially preverbal children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 87). Intentional communication, DKCC, and parent linguistic responses accounted for unique variance in later expressive vocabulary when controlling for mid-point receptive vocabulary, but responding to joint attention did not...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241927/no-341-diagnosis-and-management-of-adnexal-torsion-in-children-adolescents-and-adults
#9
Sari Kives, Suzy Gascon, Élise Dubuc, Nancy Van Eyk
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence and provide recommendations on the diagnosis and management of adnexal torsion in children, adolescents, and women. OUTCOMES: Elements evaluated include the risk factors, diagnostic accuracy, management options, and outcomes of adnexal torsion. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library using appropriate controlled vocabulary and key words ("adnexal torsion," "ovarian torsion")...
February 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241893/parasitism-as-the-main-factor-shaping-peptide-vocabularies-in-current-organisms
#10
Michaela Zemková, Daniel Zahradník, Martin Mokrejš, Jaroslav Flegr
Self/non-self-discrimination by vertebrate immune systems is based on the recognition of the presence of peptides in proteins of a parasite that are not contained in the proteins of a host. Therefore, a reduction of the number of 'words' in its own peptide vocabulary could be an efficient evolutionary strategy of parasites for escaping recognition. Here, we compared peptide vocabularies of 30 endoparasitic and 17 free-living unicellular organisms and also eight multicellular parasitic and 16 multicellular free-living organisms...
February 28, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241284/nonword-repetition-and-vocabulary-knowledge-as-predictors-of-children-s-phonological-and-semantic-word-learning
#11
Suzanne M Adlof, Hannah Patten
Purpose: This study examined the unique and shared variance that nonword repetition and vocabulary knowledge contribute to children's ability to learn new words. Multiple measures of word learning were used to assess recall and recognition of phonological and semantic information. Method: Fifty children, with a mean age of 8 years (range 5-12 years), completed experimental assessments of word learning and norm-referenced assessments of receptive and expressive vocabulary knowledge and nonword repetition skills...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228373/statins-and-fibrates-for-diabetic-retinopathy-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#12
Vania Mozetic, Carolina Gomes Freitas, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus, and more than 75% of patients who have had diabetes for more than 20 years will have some degree of DR. This disease is highly destructive to self-esteem and puts a high burden on public health and pension systems due to the effects that it has on people of working age. The current mainstay of treatment is laser photocoagulation, which causes impairment of vision and discomfort to patients...
February 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227725/gistelemed-an-online-based-gis-approach-to-epidemiological-analysis-in-telemedicine-systems
#13
Andrei de Souza Inacio, Alexandre Savaris, Joao Marcus Alves, Aldo von Wangenheim, Andrei de Souza Inacio, Alexandre Savaris, Joao Marcus Alves, Aldo von Wangenheim, Andrei De Souza Inacio, Joao Marcus Alves, Aldo Von Wangenheim, Alexandre Savaris
Large-scale telemedicine systems provide extensive amounts of data that can be used to gather epidemiological information. Epidemiologists have been using GIS systems for the easy and quick visualization of data and to perform georeferenced epidemiological analysis. This paper presents GISTelemed, a georeferenced epidemiological analysis tool developed as part of the Santa Catarina State Integrated Telemedicine and Telehealth System (STT/SC), a statewide telemedicine infrastructure in Brazil. The GISTelemed module offers an architecture supporting real-time recovery, information visualization and epidemiological analysis from structured and semi-structured data...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185051/stress-judgment-and-production-in-english-derivation-and-word-reading-in-adult-mandarin-speaking-english-learners
#14
Wei-Lun Chung, Linda Jarmulowicz
For monolingual English-speaking children, judgment and production of stress in derived words, including words with phonologically neutral (e.g., -ness) and non-neutral suffixes (e.g., -ity), is important to both academic vocabulary growth and to word reading. For Mandarin-speaking adult English learners (AELs) the challenge of learning the English stress system might be complicated by cross-linguistic differences in prosodic function and features. As Mandarin-speakers become more proficient in English, patterns similar to those seen in monolingual children could emerge in which awareness and use of stress and suffix cues benefit word reading...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163387/how-working-memory-relates-to-children-s-reading-comprehension-the-importance-of-domain-specificity-in-storage-and-processing
#15
Suzan Nouwens, Margriet A Groen, Ludo Verhoeven
Working memory is considered a well-established predictor of individual variation in reading comprehension in children and adults. However, how storage and processing capacities of working memory in both the phonological and semantic domain relate to reading comprehension is still unclear. In the current study, we investigated the contribution of phonological and semantic storage, and phonological and semantic processing to reading comprehension in 123 Dutch children in fifth grade. We conducted regression and mediation analyses to find out to what extent variation in reading comprehension could be explained by storage and processing capacities in both the phonological and the semantic domain, while controlling for children's decoding and vocabulary...
2017: Reading and Writing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161297/signaling-of-noncomprehension-in-communication-breakdowns-in-fragile-x-syndrome-down-syndrome-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Gary E Martin, Jamie Barstein, Jane Hornickel, Sara Matherly, Genna Durante, Molly Losh
The ability to indicate a failure to understand a message is a critical pragmatic (social) language skill for managing communication breakdowns and supporting successful communicative exchanges. The current study examined the ability to signal noncomprehension across different types of confusing message conditions in children and adolescents with fragile X syndrome (FXS), Down syndrome (DS), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and typical development (TD). Controlling for nonverbal mental age and receptive vocabulary skills, youth with comorbid FXS and ASD and those with DS were less likely than TD controls to signal noncomprehension of confusing messages...
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155711/interspecies-gene-function-prediction-using-semantic-similarity
#17
Guoxian Yu, Wei Luo, Guangyuan Fu, Jun Wang
BACKGROUND: Gene Ontology (GO) is a collaborative project that maintains and develops controlled vocabulary (or terms) to describe the molecular function, biological roles and cellular location of gene products in a hierarchical ontology. GO also provides GO annotations that associate genes with GO terms. GO consortium independently and collaboratively annotate terms to gene products, mainly from model organisms (or species) they are interested in. Due to experiment ethics, research interests of biologists and resources limitations, homologous genes from different species currently are annotated with different terms...
December 23, 2016: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152611/effects-of-the-abc-intervention-on-foster-children-s-receptive-vocabulary
#18
Kristin Bernard, Amy Hyoeun Lee, Mary Dozier
Children with histories of maltreatment and disruptions in care are at elevated risk for impairments in early language development, which contribute to difficulties in other developmental domains across childhood. Given research demonstrating associations between parent responsiveness and children's early language development, we examined whether a parenting intervention administered in infancy improved preschool receptive language skills in children involved with the child welfare system. Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC) is a 10-session intervention that aims to enhance parent-child interactions...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149204/current-concepts-osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-capitellum-and-the-role-of-osteochondral-autograft-transplantation
#19
REVIEW
Jacob M Kirsch, Jared Thomas, Asheesh Bedi, Jeffrey N Lawton
Background: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum is a painful condition, which often affects young throwing athletes. Our current understanding regarding the etiology, risks factors, diagnosis, and efficacy of the available treatment options has expanded over recent years, however remains suboptimal. Recent data on patient-reported outcomes following osteochondral autograft transplantation (OAT) for the treatment of large osteochondral lesions of the capitellum have been promising but limited. This review seeks to critically analyze and summarize the available literature on the etiology, diagnosis, and reported outcomes associated with OCD of the capitellum and the use of OAT for its treatment...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148277/safe-sparql-federation-over-rdf-data-cubes-with-access-control
#20
Yasar Khan, Muhammad Saleem, Muntazir Mehdi, Aidan Hogan, Qaiser Mehmood, Dietrich Rebholz-Schuhmann, Ratnesh Sahay
BACKGROUND: Several query federation engines have been proposed for accessing public Linked Open Data sources. However, in many domains, resources are sensitive and access to these resources is tightly controlled by stakeholders; consequently, privacy is a major concern when federating queries over such datasets. In the Healthcare and Life Sciences (HCLS) domain real-world datasets contain sensitive statistical information: strict ownership is granted to individuals working in hospitals, research labs, clinical trial organisers, etc...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
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