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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080261/performance-of-hispanics-and-non-hispanic-whites-on-the-nih-toolbox-cognition-battery-the-roles-of-ethnicity-and-language-backgrounds
#1
Ilse Flores, Kaitlin B Casaletto, Maria J Marquine, Anya Umlauf, David J Moore, Dan Mungas, Richard C Gershon, Jennifer L Beaumont, Robert K Heaton
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the influence of Hispanic ethnicity and language/cultural background on performance on the NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery (NIHTB-CB). METHOD: Participants included healthy, primarily English-speaking Hispanic (n = 93; Hispanic-English), primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanic (n = 93; Hispanic-Spanish), and English speaking Non-Hispanic white (n = 93; NH white) adults matched on age, sex, and education levels. All participants were in the NIH Toolbox national norming project and completed the Fluid and Crystallized components of the NIHTB-CB...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076656/combined-inhaled-beta-agonist-and-anticholinergic-agents-for-emergency-management-in-adults-with-asthma
#2
REVIEW
Scott W Kirkland, Christine Vandenberghe, Britt Voaklander, Taylor Nikel, Sandra Campbell, Brian H Rowe
BACKGROUND: Inhaled short-acting anticholinergics (SAAC) and short-acting beta₂-agonists (SABA) are effective therapies for adult patients with acute asthma who present to the emergency department (ED). It is unclear, however, whether the combination of SAAC and SABA treatment is more effective in reducing hospitalisations compared to treatment with SABA alone. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an up-to-date systematic search and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of combined inhaled therapy (SAAC + SABA agents) vs...
January 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063544/the-prevention-of-early-onset-neonatal-group-b-streptococcal-disease
#3
Deborah Money, Victoria M Allen
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence in the literature and to provide recommendations on the management of pregnant women in labour for the prevention of early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal disease. The key revisions in this updated guideline include changed recommendations for regimens for antibiotic prophylaxis, susceptibility testing, and management of women with pre-labour rupture of membranes. OUTCOMES: Maternal outcomes evaluated included exposure to antibiotics in pregnancy and labour and complications related to antibiotic use...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063244/single-sided-deafness-affects-language-and-auditory-development-a-case-control-study
#4
Anouk Sangen, Liesbeth Royackers, Christian Desloovere, Jan Wouters, Astrid van Wieringen
OBJECTIVES: To examine auditory, linguistic and cognitive outcomes of children with single sided deafness (SSD). An increasing body of research suggests that children with SSD lag behind with respect to their normal hearing (NH) peers. In the present study we tap into certain developmental skills. DESIGN: Case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: 21 children with SSD between 5 and 15 years of age participated. Per child with SSD two NH control children were matched on age and gender...
January 7, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045787/some-neurocognitive-correlates-of-noise-vocoded-speech-perception-in-children-with-normal-hearing-a-replication-and-extension-of-eisenberg-et-al-2002
#5
Adrienne S Roman, David B Pisoni, William G Kronenberger, Kathleen F Faulkner
OBJECTIVES: Noise-vocoded speech is a valuable research tool for testing experimental hypotheses about the effects of spectral degradation on speech recognition in adults with normal hearing (NH). However, very little research has utilized noise-vocoded speech with children with NH. Earlier studies with children with NH focused primarily on the amount of spectral information needed for speech recognition without assessing the contribution of neurocognitive processes to speech perception and spoken word recognition...
December 27, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043200/predictors-of-wais-r-vocabulary-in-late-life-differences-by-race
#6
Ruth T Morin, Elizabeth Midlarsky
BACKGROUND: Vocabulary scores tend to be significantly related to education in heterogeneous groups of older adults, even after controlling for confounding variables. However, there may be other factors that impinge on cognitive functioning for certain demographic groups, particularly those whose educational opportunities were limited, and who may have experienced considerable stress as a result of their minority status. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore possible predictors of vocabulary scores among African American and White older adults...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034975/pain-and-cognitive-functioning-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#7
Nanda C de Knegt, Frank Lobbezoo, Carlo Schuengel, Heleen M Evenhuis, Erik J A Scherder
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of the present study was to examine whether cognitive functioning (i.e., memory and executive functioning) is related to self-reported presence of pain (i.e., affirmative answer to the question whether the individual feels pain) and experience of pain (i.e., intensity and affect) in adults with Down syndrome (DS). DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS:  Cross-sectional study of 224 adults with DS (mean age = 38.1 years, mild-severe intellectual disabilities) in the Netherlands...
December 29, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028456/seqenv-linking-sequences-to-environments-through-text-mining
#8
Lucas Sinclair, Umer Z Ijaz, Lars Juhl Jensen, Marco J L Coolen, Cecile Gubry-Rangin, Alica Chroňáková, Anastasis Oulas, Christina Pavloudi, Julia Schnetzer, Aaron Weimann, Ali Ijaz, Alexander Eiler, Christopher Quince, Evangelos Pafilis
Understanding the distribution of taxa and associated traits across different environments is one of the central questions in microbial ecology. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) studies are presently generating huge volumes of data to address this biogeographical topic. However, these studies are often focused on specific environment types or processes leading to the production of individual, unconnected datasets. The large amounts of legacy sequence data with associated metadata that exist can be harnessed to better place the genetic information found in these surveys into a wider environmental context...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008287/searching-for-sex-and-gender-sensitive-tuberculosis-research-in-public-health-finding-a-needle-in-a-haystack
#9
Bilkis Vissandjee, Assia Mourid, Christina A Greenaway, Wendy E Short, Jodi A Proctor
Despite broadening consideration of sex- and gender-based issues in health research, when seeking information on how sex and gender contribute to disease contexts for specific health or public health topics, a lack of consistent or systematic use of terminology in health literature means that it remains difficult to identify research with a sex or gender focus. These inconsistencies are driven, in part, by the complexity and terminological inflexibility of the indexing systems for gender- and sex-related terms in public health databases...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993164/fostering-effective-early-learning-feel-through-a-professional-development-programme-for-early-childhood-educators-to-improve-professional-practice-and-child-outcomes-in-the-year-before-formal-schooling-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Edward Melhuish, Steven J Howard, Iram Siraj, Cathrine Neilsen-Hewett, Denise Kingston, Marc de Rosnay, Elisabeth Duursma, Betty Luu
BACKGROUND: A substantial research base documents the benefits of attendance at high-quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) for positive behavioural and learning outcomes. Research has also found that the quality of many young children's experiences and opportunities in ECEC depends on the skills, dispositions and understandings of the early childhood adult educators. Increasingly, research has shown that the quality of children's interactions with educators and their peers, more than any other programme feature, influence what children learn and how they feel about learning...
December 19, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990175/the-development-of-non-coding-rna-ontology
#11
Jingshan Huang, Karen Eilbeck, Barry Smith, Judith A Blake, Dejing Dou, Weili Huang, Darren A Natale, Alan Ruttenberg, Jun Huan, Michael T Zimmermann, Guoqian Jiang, Yu Lin, Bin Wu, Harrison J Strachan, Nisansa de Silva, Mohan Vamsi Kasukurthi, Vikash Kumar Jha, Yongqun He, Shaojie Zhang, Xiaowei Wang, Zixing Liu, Glen M Borchert, Ming Tan
Identification of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) has been significantly improved over the past decade. On the other hand, semantic annotation of ncRNA data is facing critical challenges due to the lack of a comprehensive ontology to serve as common data elements and data exchange standards in the field. We developed the Non-Coding RNA Ontology (NCRO) to handle this situation. By providing a formally defined ncRNA controlled vocabulary, the NCRO aims to fill a specific and highly needed niche in semantic annotation of large amounts of ncRNA biological and clinical data...
2016: International Journal of Data Mining and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984258/incidental-learning-a-brief-valid-measure-of-memory-based-on-the-wais-iv-vocabulary-and-similarities-subtests
#12
Robert J Spencer, Jaclyn Reckow, Lauren L Drag, Linas A Bieliauskas
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the validity of a brief incidental learning measure based on the Similarities and Vocabulary subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV). BACKGROUND: Most neuropsychological assessments for memory require intentional learning, but incidental learning occurs without explicit instruction. Incidental memory tests such as the WAIS-III Symbol Digit Coding subtest have existed for many years, but few memory studies have used a semantically processed incidental learning model...
December 2016: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964801/gesteme-free-context-aware-adaptation-of-robot-behavior-in-human-robot-cooperation
#13
Federico Nessi, Elisa Beretta, Cecilia Gatti, Giancarlo Ferrigno, Elena De Momi
BACKGROUND: Cooperative robotics is receiving greater acceptance because the typical advantages provided by manipulators are combined with an intuitive usage. In particular, hands-on robotics may benefit from the adaptation of the assistant behavior with respect to the activity currently performed by the user. A fast and reliable classification of human activities is required, as well as strategies to smoothly modify the control of the manipulator. In this scenario, gesteme-based motion classification is inadequate because it needs the observation of a wide signal percentage and the definition of a rich vocabulary...
November 2016: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930808/searching-the-mouse-genome-informatics-mgi-resources-for-information-on-mouse-biology-from-genotype-to-phenotype
#14
David R Shaw
The Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) resource provides the research community with access to information on the genetics, genomics, and biology of the laboratory mouse. Core data in MGI include gene characterization and function, phenotype and disease model descriptions, DNA and protein sequence data, gene expression data, vertebrate homologies, SNPs, mapping data, and links to other bioinformatics databases. Semantic integration is supported through the use of standardized nomenclature, and through the use of controlled vocabularies such as the mouse Anatomical Dictionary, the Mammalian Phenotype Ontology, and the Gene Ontologies...
December 8, 2016: Current Protocols in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927685/influences-on-facial-emotion-recognition-in-deaf-children
#15
Francesc Sidera, Anna Amadó, Laura Martínez
This exploratory research is aimed at studying facial emotion recognition abilities in deaf children and how they relate to linguistic skills and the characteristics of deafness. A total of 166 participants (75 deaf) aged 3-8 years were administered the following tasks: facial emotion recognition, naming vocabulary and cognitive ability. The children's teachers or speech therapists also responded to two questionnaires, one on children's linguistic-communicative skills and the other providing personal information...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924018/disgenet-a-comprehensive-platform-integrating-information-on-human-disease-associated-genes-and-variants
#16
Janet Piñero, Àlex Bravo, Núria Queralt-Rosinach, Alba Gutiérrez-Sacristán, Jordi Deu-Pons, Emilio Centeno, Javier García-García, Ferran Sanz, Laura I Furlong
The information about the genetic basis of human diseases lies at the heart of precision medicine and drug discovery. However, to realize its full potential to support these goals, several problems, such as fragmentation, heterogeneity, availability and different conceptualization of the data must be overcome. To provide the community with a resource free of these hurdles, we have developed DisGeNET (http://www.disgenet.org), one of the largest available collections of genes and variants involved in human diseases...
January 4, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908296/smoking-in-pregnancy-adolescent-mental-health-and-cognitive-performance-in-young-adult-offspring-results-from-a-matched-sample-within-a-finnish-cohort
#17
Hugh Ramsay, Jennifer H Barnett, Graham K Murray, Pirjo Mäki, Tuula Hurtig, Tanja Nordström, Jouko Miettunen, Vesa Kiviniemi, Solja Niemelä, Zdenka Pausova, Tomas Paus, Juha Veijola
BACKGROUND: The association between prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking (PEMCS) and adult cognition is debated, including if there are differences according to sex. We aimed to determine if there are associations between PEMCS and cognition in early adulthood in men and women and examine if observed associations were mediated by adolescent mental health factors that are associated with cognition, namely psychotic-like experiences (PLEs), inattention and hyperactivity, and other externalizing behaviors...
December 1, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908060/individual-differences-in-the-perception-of-regional-nonnative-and-disordered-speech-varieties
#18
Tessa Bent, Melissa Baese-Berk, Stephanie A Borrie, Megan McKee
Speech perception abilities vary substantially across listeners, particularly in adverse conditions including those stemming from environmental degradation (e.g., noise) or from talker-related challenges (e.g., nonnative or disordered speech). This study examined adult listeners' recognition of words in phrases produced by six talkers representing three speech varieties: a nonnative accent (Spanish-accented English), a regional dialect (Irish English), and a disordered variety (ataxic dysarthria). Semantically anomalous phrases from these talkers were presented in a transcription task and intelligibility scores, percent words correct, were compared across the three speech varieties...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906933/anterior-cingulotomy-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-intractable-pain-a-systematic-review
#19
Justin Sharim, Nader Pouratian
BACKGROUND: Anterior cingulotomy for chronic pain aims to modulate patients' attention or emotional reaction to pain rather than to modulate pain intensity. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy, both short- and long-term, of anterior cingulotomy in the treatment of chronic pain. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: This systematic review assessed studies reporting anterior cingulotomy for the treatment of chronic pain...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899678/virus-variation-resource-improved-response-to-emergent-viral-outbreaks
#20
Eneida L Hatcher, Sergey A Zhdanov, Yiming Bao, Olga Blinkova, Eric P Nawrocki, Yuri Ostapchuck, Alejandro A Schäffer, J Rodney Brister
The Virus Variation Resource is a value-added viral sequence data resource hosted by the National Center for Biotechnology Information. The resource is located at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/viruses/variation/ and includes modules for seven viral groups: influenza virus, Dengue virus, West Nile virus, Ebolavirus, MERS coronavirus, Rotavirus A and Zika virus Each module is supported by pipelines that scan newly released GenBank records, annotate genes and proteins and parse sample descriptors and then map them to controlled vocabulary...
January 4, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
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