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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330246/the-accuracy-of-trigger-tools-to-detect-preventable-adverse-events-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review
#1
Joshua Davis, Nicole Harrington, Heather Bittner Fagan, Barbara Henry, Margot Savoy
PURPOSE: To understand the ability of trigger tools to detect preventable adverse events (pAEs) in the primary care outpatient setting using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement's (IHI) Outpatient Adverse Event Trigger Tool (IHI Tool). METHODS: The OVID MEDLINE and OVID MEDLINE In-process and non-Indexed citations databases were queried using controlled vocabulary and Medical Subject Headings related to the concepts "primary care" and "adverse events." Included articles were conducted in the outpatient setting, used at least 1 of the triggers identified in the IHI Tool, and identified pAEs of any type...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327497/congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome-broader-cognitive-deficits-revealed-by-parent-controls
#2
Frank A Zelko, Tracey M Stewart, Cindy D Brogadir, Casey M Rand, Debra E Weese-Mayer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate neurocognitive deficits in children with Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS) by comparing them to their parents, since parents comprise a particularly suitable control group matched on disease-extrinsic factors that can influence neurocognitive functioning. We compared CCHS patients to their parents and to population norms, hypothesizing that they would obtain lower intelligence test scores than both groups. We also compared patient-parent differences against patient-normative differences, to determine whether the two analytic approaches would yield different results...
January 12, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289725/in-office-dental-bleaching-with-light-vs-without-light-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Bianca Medeiros Maran, Adrieli Burey, Thalita de Paris Matos, Alessandro D Loguercio, Alessandra Reis
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to answer the following research question: Does light-activated in-office vital bleaching have a greater whitening efficacy and higher tooth sensitivity (TS) in comparison with in-office vital bleaching without light when used in adults? DATA AND SOURCE: Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) involving adults who had in-office bleaching with and without light activation were included. Controlled vocabulary and keywords were used in a comprehensive search for titles and abstracts in PubMed, and this search was adapted for Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and SIGLE without restrictions in May 2016 and was updated in August 2017...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284645/reading-aloud-and-child-development-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-brazil
#4
Adriana Weisleder, Denise S R Mazzuchelli, Aline Sá Lopez, Walfrido Duarte Neto, Carolyn Brockmeyer Cates, Hosana Alves Gonçalves, Rochele Paz Fonseca, João Oliveira, Alan L Mendelsohn
OBJECTIVES: Many children in low- and middle-income countries fail to reach their developmental potential. We sought to determine if a parenting program focused on the promotion of reading aloud enhanced parent-child interactions and child development among low-income families in northern Brazil. METHODS: This was a cluster-randomized study of educational child care centers randomly assigned to receive an additional parenting program (intervention) or standard child care without a parenting component (control)...
December 28, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274945/role-of-linguistic-skills-in-fifth-grade-mathematics
#5
Tijs Kleemans, Eliane Segers, Ludo Verhoeven
The current study investigated the direct and indirect relations between basic linguistic skills (i.e., phonological skills and grammatical ability) and advanced linguistic skills (i.e., academic vocabulary and verbal reasoning), on the one hand, and fifth-grade mathematics (i.e., arithmetic, geometry, and fractions), on the other, taking working memory and general intelligence into account and controlling for socioeconomic status, age, and gender. The results showed the basic linguistic representations of 167 fifth graders to be indirectly related to their geometric and fraction skills via arithmetic...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249889/the-effect-of-early-childhood-stunting-on-children-s-cognitive-achievements-evidence-from-young-lives-ethiopia
#6
Tassew Woldehanna, Jere R Behrman, Mesele W Araya
Background: There is little empirical evidence on the effect of childhood malnutrition on children's cognitive achievements in low income countries like Ethiopia. A longitudinal data is thus vital to understand the factors that influence cognitive development of children over time, particularly how early childhood stunting affects cognitive achievement of children up to the age of 8 years. Objective: To examine the effect of early childhood stunting on cognitive achievements of children using longitudinal data that incorporate anthropometric measurements and results of cognitive achievement tests such as Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test and Cognitive Development Assessment quantitative tests...
2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, YaʾItyoṗyā ṭénā Lemāt Maṣḥét
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245141/a-systematic-review-of-the-state-of-the-literature-on-sexually-exploited-boys-internationally
#7
Melissa Moynihan, Katherine Mitchell, Claire Pitcher, Farinaz Havaei, Max Ferguson, Elizabeth Saewyc
This systematic review assessed the current state of the literature on sexually exploited boys internationally. We aimed to describe what is known about sexual exploitation of boys, identify gaps in the literature, provide implications for practice, and make recommendations for future research. Multiple database searches were conducted using a combination of controlled vocabulary and keywords to capture child and adolescent sexual exploitation. Our search identified 11,099 unique references and excluded studies that did not include male participants less than 18 years old or disaggregate results by relevant age groups and/or by sex...
December 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238316/spelling-and-meaning-of-compounds-in-the-early-school-years-through-classroom-games-an-intervention-study
#8
Styliani N Tsesmeli
The study aimed to evaluate the intervention effects on spelling and meaning of compounds by Greek students via group board games in classroom settings. The sample consisted of 60 pupils, who were attending the first and second grade of two primary schools in Greece. Each grade-class was divided into an intervention (N = 29 children) and a control group (N = 31 children). Before intervention, groups were evaluated by standardized tests of reading words/pseudowords, spelling words, and vocabulary. Students were also assessed on compound knowledge by a word analogy task, a meaning task and a spelling task...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230186/preschool-phonological-and-morphological-awareness-as-longitudinal-predictors-of-early-reading-and-spelling-development-in-greek
#9
Vassiliki Diamanti, Angeliki Mouzaki, Asimina Ralli, Faye Antoniou, Sofia Papaioannou, Athanassios Protopapas
Different language skills are considered fundamental for successful reading and spelling acquisition. Extensive evidence has highlighted the central role of phonological awareness in early literacy experiences. However, many orthographic systems also require the contribution of morphological awareness. The goal of this study was to examine the morphological and phonological awareness skills of preschool children as longitudinal predictors of reading and spelling ability by the end of first grade, controlling for the effects of receptive and expressive vocabulary skills...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223749/egg-freezing-for-age-related-fertility-decline
#10
Julio Saumet, Angel Petropanagos, Karen Buzaglo, Eileen McMahon, Gunwant Warraich, Neal Mahutte
OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive review and evidence based recommendations for Canadian fertility centres that offer social egg freezing. OUTCOMES: In social egg freezing cycles we evaluated thawed oocyte survival rates, fertilization rates, embryo quality, pregnancy rates, and live birth rates. We also review how these outcomes are impacted by age, ovarian reserve, and the number of eggs cryopreserved. Finally, we discuss the risks of social egg freezing, the alternatives, the critical elements for counselling and informed consent, and future reporting of egg freezing outcome data...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218830/effectiveness-of-vocabulary-intervention-for-older-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#11
Lisa Wright, Tim Pring, Susan Ebbels
BACKGROUND: Children with developmental language disorder (DLD) frequently have difficulties with word learning and understanding vocabulary. For these children, this can significantly impact on social interactions, daily activities and academic progress. Although there is literature providing a rationale for targeting word learning in such children, there is little evidence for the effectiveness of specific interventions in this area for children with identified DLD. AIMS: To establish whether direct one-to-one intervention for children with DLD over 9 years of age leads to improved abilities to identify, comprehend, define, and use nouns and verbs targeted in intervention as compared with non-targeted control items and whether or not the participants' rating of their own knowledge of the words changes with intervention...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214567/natural-history-trial-readiness-and-gene-discovery-advances-in-patient-registries-for-neuromuscular-disease
#12
Rachel Thompson, Agata Robertson, Hanns Lochmüller
Inherited neuromuscular diseases (NMDs) are genetic disorders that affect the skeletal muscles or the nerves controlling muscle function. With a new generation of diagnostic options and recent advances in translational research improving the opportunities for therapy development for these rare conditions, capturing patient information in databases collecting a range of clinical and genetic data together with contact details has assumed an increasingly important role in trial planning and recruitment as well as natural history data collection...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205095/lexical-access-ability-and-cognitive-predictors-of-speech-recognition-in-noise-in-adult-cochlear-implant-users
#13
Marre W Kaandorp, Cas Smits, Paul Merkus, Joost M Festen, S Theo Goverts
Not all of the variance in speech-recognition performance of cochlear implant (CI) users can be explained by biographic and auditory factors. In normal-hearing listeners, linguistic and cognitive factors determine most of speech-in-noise performance. The current study explored specifically the influence of visually measured lexical-access ability compared with other cognitive factors on speech recognition of 24 postlingually deafened CI users. Speech-recognition performance was measured with monosyllables in quiet (consonant-vowel-consonant [CVC]), sentences-in-noise (SIN), and digit-triplets in noise (DIN)...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204601/receptive-vocabulary-cognitive-flexibility-and-inhibitory-control-differentially-predict-older-and-younger-adults-success-perceiving-speech-by-talkers-with-dysarthria
#14
Erin M Ingvalson, Kaitlin L Lansford, Valeriya Fedorova, Gabriel Fernandez
Purpose: Previous research has demonstrated equivocal findings related to the effect of listener age on intelligibility ratings of dysarthric speech. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanisms that support younger and older adults' perception of speech by talkers with dysarthria. Method: Younger and older adults identified words in phrases produced by talkers with dysarthria. Listeners also completed assessments on peripheral hearing, receptive vocabulary, and executive control functions...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198963/prenatal-phthalate-exposure-and-language-development-in-toddlers-from-the-odense-child-cohort
#15
Trine Staak Olesen, Dorthe Bleses, Helle Raun Andersen, Philippe Grandjean, Hanne Frederiksen, Fabio Trecca, Niels Bilenberg, Henriette Boye Kyhl, Louise Dalsager, Inge Kjær Jensen, Anna-Maria Andersson, Tina Kold Jensen
BACKGROUND: Phthalates are a group of chemicals found in a variety of consumer products. They have anti-androgenic properties and human studies have reported associations between prenatal phthalate exposure and neuropsychological development in the offspring despite different cognitive tests, different ages and varying timing of exposure. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between prenatal phthalate exposure and language development in children aged 20-36months...
November 30, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197491/no-281-classification-of-caesarean-sections-in-canada-the-modified-robson-criteria
#16
Dan Farine, Debra Shepherd
OBJECTIVE: To advocate for the use of a common classification system for Caesarean section across Canada. OPTIONS: A variety of clinical parameters for classification were considered. OUTCOMES: Consideration of a common system for classifying Caesarean section. EVIDENCE: Studies published in English from 1976 to December 2011 were retrieved through searches of Medline and PubMed, using appropriate controlled vocabulary and key words (Caesarean section, vaginal birth after Caesarean, classification) ...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197489/no-279-female-sexual-health-consensus-clinical-guidelines
#17
John Lamont, Krisztina Bajzak, Céline Bouchard, Margaret Burnett, Sandra Byers, Trevor Cohen, William Fisher, Stephen Holzapfel, Vyta Senikas
OBJECTIVE: To establish national guidelines for the assessment of women's sexual health concerns and the provision of sexual health care for women. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library from May to October 2010, using appropriate controlled vocabulary (e .g., sexuality, "sexual dysfunction," "physiological," dyspareunia) and key words (e .g ., sexual dysfunction, sex therapy, anorgasmia). Results were restricted, where possible, to systematic reviews, randomized control trials/controlled clinical trials, and observational studies...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186175/oral-vocabulary-training-program-for-spanish-third-graders-with-low-socio-economic-status-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Clara Gomes-Koban, Ian Craig Simpson, Araceli Valle, Sylvia Defior
Although the importance of vocabulary training in English speaking countries is well recognized and has been extensively studied, the same is not true for Spanish-few evidence based vocabulary studies for Spanish-speaking children have been reported. Here, two rich oral vocabulary training programs (definition and context), based on literature about vocabulary instruction for English-speaking children, were developed and applied in a sample of 100 Spanish elementary school third-graders recruited from areas of predominantly low socio-economic status (SES)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161151/an-index-of-decline-or-recovery-following-nonimpact-and-impact-mtbi
#19
James Ernest Sweeney, Andrew M Johnson
This study investigated the degree to which litigants/insurance claimants sustaining Nonimpact mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in motor vehicle accidents differed from compensation-seeking motor vehicle accident victims that suffered Impact mTBI in terms of neuropsychological decline/recovery, using as a control litigants/insurance claimants that did not experience mTBI in motor vehicle accidents. A clinical index (C-Voc) was employed as the dependent measure for decline/recovery, consisting of T-score algebraic differences between a highly sensitive neurocognitive measure (Category Test) and a relatively insensitive "hold" measure (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Vocabulary subtest)...
November 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159267/long-term-impact-of-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-cognitive-function-assessed-with-the-national-institutes-of-health-toolbox-the-look-ahead-study
#20
Kathleen M Hayden, Laura D Baker, George Bray, Raymond Carvajal, Kathryn Demos-McDermott, Andrea L Hergenroeder, James O Hill, Edward Horton, John M Jakicic, Karen C Johnson, Rebecca H Neiberg, Stephen R Rapp, Thomas A Wadden, Michael E Miller
Introduction: This study sought to determine whether 10 years of assignment to intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) relative to diabetes support and education leads to better cognition. We examine intervention effects overall and among clinical subgroups, and report correlations between computer-administered and interviewer-administered cognitive batteries. Methods: The Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) was a 16-site randomized controlled trial with overweight/obese individuals (aged 45-76) who had type 2 diabetes...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
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