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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529914/characteristics-of-postintensive-care-syndrome-in-survivors-of-pediatric-critical-illness-a-systematic-review
#1
Elizabeth A Herrup, Beth Wieczorek, Sapna R Kudchadkar
AIM: To synthesize the available evidence focusing on morbidities in pediatric survivors of critical illness that fall within the defined construct of postintensive care syndrome (PICS) in adults, including physical, neurocognitive and psychological morbidities. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and CINAHL using controlled vocabulary and key word terms to identify studies reporting characteristics of PICS in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients...
May 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523653/vocabulary-grammar-sex-and-aging
#2
Fermín Moscoso Del Prado Martín
Understanding the changes in our language abilities along the lifespan is a crucial step for understanding the aging process both in normal and in abnormal circumstances. Besides controlled experimental tasks, it is equally crucial to investigate language in unconstrained conversation. I present an information-theoretical analysis of a corpus of dyadic conversations investigating how the richness of the vocabulary, the word-internal structure (inflectional morphology), and the syntax of the utterances evolves as a function of the speaker's age and sex...
May 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521018/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-intractable-pain-a-systematic-review
#3
Dustin G Roberts, Nader Pouratian
BACKGROUND: Since the advent of neuromodulation, the role and efficacy of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for chronic pain has not been carefully scrutinized. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review to evaluate the clinical efficacy, both short- and long-term, of SRS for the treatment of chronic intractable pain. METHODS: A systematic search in PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycINFO was performed using keywords and controlled vocabulary. The search included peer-reviewed articles reporting clinical outcomes of SRS for chronic pain with a minimum 3-mo follow-up for nonmalignant and 1 mo for malignant pain...
May 17, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517945/predicting-growth-in-english-and-french-vocabulary-the-facilitating-effects-of-morphological-and-cognate-awareness
#4
Nadia D'Angelo, Kathleen Hipfner-Boucher, Xi Chen
The present study investigated the contribution of morphological and cognate awareness to the development of English and French vocabulary knowledge among young minority and majority language children who were enrolled in a French immersion program. Participating children (n = 75) were assessed in English and French on measures of morphological awareness, cognate awareness, and vocabulary knowledge from Grades 1 to 3. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to investigate linear trends in English and French vocabulary growth for minority and majority language children and to identify metalinguistic contributions to Grade 1 and Grade 3 English and French vocabulary performance and rate of growth...
May 18, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515314/the-mzidentml-data-standard-version-1-2-supporting-advances-in-proteome-informatics
#5
Juan Antonio Vizcaíno, Gerhard Mayer, Simon R Perkins, Harald Barsnes, Marc Vaudel, Yasset Perez-Riverol, Tobias Ternent, Julian Uszkoreit, Martin Eisenacher, Lutz Fischer, Juri Rappsilber, Eugen Netz, Mathias Walzer, Oliver Kohlbacher, Alexander Leitner, Robert J Chalkley, Fawaz Ghali, Salvador Martínez-Bartolomé, Eric W Deutsch, Andrew R Jones
The first stable version of the Proteomics Standards Initiative mzIdentML open data standard (version 1.1) was published in 2012 - capturing the outputs of peptide and protein identification software. In the intervening years, the standard has become well supported in both commercial and open software, as well as a submission and download format for public repositories. Here we report a new release of mzIdentML (version 1.2) that is required to keep pace with emerging practice in proteome informatics. New features have been added to support: (i) scores associated with localization of modifications on peptides; (ii) statistics performed at the level of peptides; (iii) identification of cross-linked peptides; and (iv) support for proteogenomics approaches...
May 17, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498913/the-management-of-menopause-in-women-with-a-history-of-endometriosis-a-systematic-review
#6
L C Gemmell, K E Webster, S Kirtley, K Vincent, K T Zondervan, C M Becker
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is typically regarded as a premenopausal disease, resolving after natural or iatrogenic menopause due to declining oestrogen levels. Nonetheless, case reports over the years have highlighted the incidence of recurrent postmenopausal endometriosis. It is now clear that both recurrence and malignant transformation of endometriotic foci can occur in the postmenopausal period. Postmenopausal women are commonly treated with hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to treat climacteric symptoms and prevent bone loss; however, HRT may reactivate endometriosis and stimulate malignant transformation in women with a history of endometriosis...
May 11, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495342/a-method-for-cohort-selection-of-cardiovascular-disease-records-from-an-electronic-health-record-system
#7
Maria Tereza Fernandes Abrahão, Moacyr Roberto Cuce Nobre, Marco Antonio Gutierrez
INTRODUCTION: An electronic healthcare record (EHR) system, when used by healthcare providers, improves the quality of care for patients and helps to lower costs. Information collected from manual or electronic health records can also be used for purposes not directly related to patient care delivery, in which case it is termed secondary use. EHR systems facilitate the collection of this secondary use data, which can be used for research purposes like observational studies, taking advantage of improvement in the structuring and retrieval of patient information...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493429/trust-and-risk-a-model-for-medical-education
#8
Arvin Damodaran, Boaz Shulruf, Philip Jones
CONTEXT: Health care delivery, and therefore medical education, is an inherently risky business. Although control mechanisms, such as external audit and accreditation, are designed to manage risk in clinical settings, another approach is 'trust'. The use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) represents a deliberate way in which this is operationalised as a workplace-based assessment. Once engaged with the concept, clinical teachers and medical educators may have further questions about trust...
May 10, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487265/effective-information-extraction-framework-for-heterogeneous-clinical-reports-using-online-machine-learning-and-controlled-vocabularies
#9
Shuai Zheng, James J Lu, Nima Ghasemzadeh, Salim S Hayek, Arshed A Quyyumi, Fusheng Wang
BACKGROUND: Extracting structured data from narrated medical reports is challenged by the complexity of heterogeneous structures and vocabularies and often requires significant manual effort. Traditional machine-based approaches lack the capability to take user feedbacks for improving the extraction algorithm in real time. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to provide a generic information extraction framework that can support diverse clinical reports and enables a dynamic interaction between a human and a machine that produces highly accurate results...
May 9, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486125/can-you-spell-dyslexia-without-sli-comparing-the-cognitive-profiles-of-dyslexia-and-specific-language-impairment-and-their-roles-in-learning
#10
Tracy Packiam Alloway, Furtuna Tewolde, Dakota Skipper, David Hijar
The aim of the present study is to explore whether those with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and dyslexia display distinct or overlapping cognitive profiles with respect to learning outcomes. In particular, we were interested in two key cognitive skills associated with academic performance - working memory and IQ. We recruited three groups of children - those with SLI, those with dyslexia, and a control group. All children were given standardized tests of working memory, IQ (vocabulary and matrix), spelling, and math...
May 6, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484867/regional-brain-volume-reduction-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-preterm-children-at-low-risk-at-9%C3%A2-years-of-age
#11
Ebru Arhan, Kıvılcım Gücüyener, Şebnem Soysal, Şafak Şalvarlı, M Ali Gürses, Ayşe Serdaroğlu, Ercan Demir, Ebru Ergenekon, Canan Türkyılmaz, Esra Önal, Esin Koç, Yıldız Atalay
OBJECTIVE: More information is needed on "low-risk" preterm infants' neurological outcome so that they can be included in follow-up programs. A prospective study was performed to examine the regional brain volume changes compared to term children and to assess the relationship between the regional brain volumes to cognitive outcome of the low-risk preterm children at 9 years of age. PATIENTS: Subjects comprised 22 preterm children who were determined to be at low risk for neurodevelopmental deficits with a gestational age between 28 and 33 weeks without a major neonatal morbidity in the neonatal period and 24 age-matched term control children term and matched for age, sex, and parental educational and occupational status...
May 8, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484410/14-to-16-month-olds-attend-to-distinct-labels-in-an-inductive-reasoning-task
#12
Jessica L Switzer, Susan A Graham
We examined how naming objects with unique labels influenced infants' reasoning about the non-obvious properties of novel objects. Seventy 14- to 16-month-olds participated in an imitation-based inductive inference task during which they were presented with target objects possessing a non-obvious sound property, followed by test objects that varied in shape similarity in comparison to the target. Infants were assigned to one of two groups: a No Label group in which objects were introduced with a general attentional phrase (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470910/word-decoding-development-during-phonics-instruction-in-children-at-risk-for-dyslexia
#13
Moniek M H Schaars, Eliane Segers, Ludo Verhoeven
In the present study, we examined the early word decoding development of 73 children at genetic risk of dyslexia and 73 matched controls. We conducted monthly curriculum-embedded word decoding measures during the first 5 months of phonics-based reading instruction followed by standardized word decoding measures halfway and by the end of first grade. In kindergarten, vocabulary, phonological awareness, lexical retrieval, and verbal and visual short-term memory were assessed. The results showed that the children at risk were less skilled in phonemic awareness in kindergarten...
May 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434462/the-effects-of-tai-chi-on-physical-and-psychosocial-function-among-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Emily Taylor, Ruth E Taylor-Piliae
OBJECTIVES: Conduct a systematic review to evaluate the effects of Tai Chi on physical and psychosocial function among individuals with Multiple Sclerosis. METHODS: An electronic literature search of 12 databases using controlled vocabulary function and keywords from inception through August 2016. All Tai Chi intervention studies assessing physical and psychosocial function among persons with Multiple Sclerosis were included. Study quality was scored using an established tool examining 16 study elements (range=0-32)...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429816/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-test-the-effect-of-promoting-caregiver-contingent-talk-on-language-development-in-infants-from-diverse-socioeconomic-status-backgrounds
#15
Michelle McGillion, Julian M Pine, Jane S Herbert, Danielle Matthews
BACKGROUND: Early language skills are critical for later academic success. Lower socioeconomic status (SES) children tend to start school with limited language skills compared to advantaged peers. We test the hypothesis that this is due in part to differences in caregiver contingent talk during infancy (how often the caregiver talks about what is in the focus of the infant's attention). METHODS: In a randomised controlled trial with high and low SES families, 142 11-month olds and their caregivers were randomly allocated to either a contingent talk intervention or a dental health control...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426950/testing-the-validity-of-a-continuous-false-belief-task-in-3-to-7-year-old-children
#16
Caitlin E V Mahy, Daniel M Bernstein, Lindsey D Gerrard, Cristina M Atance
In two studies, we examined young children's performance on the paper-and-pencil version of the Sandbox task, a continuous measure of false belief, and its relations with other false belief and inhibition tasks. In Study 1, 96 children aged 3 to 7years completed three false belief tasks (Sandbox, Unexpected Contents, and Appearance/Reality) and two inhibition tasks (Head-Shoulders-Knees-Toes and Grass/Snow). Results revealed that false belief bias-a measure of egocentrism-on the Sandbox task correlated with age but not with the Unexpected Contents or Appearance/Reality task or with measures of inhibition after controlling for age...
August 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424614/relationship-between-cognitive-and-sleep-wake-variables-in-asymptomatic-offspring-of-patients-with-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Carolina Abulafia, Bárbara Duarte-Abritta, Mirta F Villarreal, María S Ladrón-de-Guevara, Celeste García, Geraldine Sequeyra, Gustavo Sevlever, Leticia Fiorentini, Karl-Jürgen Bär, Deborah R Gustafson, Daniel E Vigo, Salvador M Guinjoan
Early neuropathological changes characteristic of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) involve brain stem and limbic structures that regulate neurovegetative functions, including sleep-wake rhythm. Indeed, sleep pattern is an emerging biomarker and a potential pathophysiological mechanism in LOAD. We hypothesized that cognitively asymptomatic, middle-aged offspring of patients with LOAD (O-LOAD) would display a series of circadian rhythm abnormalities prior to the onset of objective cognitive alterations. We tested 31 children of patients with LOAD (O-LOAD) and 19 healthy individuals without family history of Alzheimer's disease (control subjects, CS) with basic tests of cognitive function, as well as actigraphy measures of sleep-wake rhythm, cardiac autonomic function, and bodily temperature...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424104/assessing-the-impact-of-conversational-overlap-in-content-on-child-language-growth
#18
Elizabeth S Che, Patricia J Brooks, Maria F Alarcon, Francis D Yannaco, Seamus Donnelly
When engaged in conversation, both parents and children tend to re-use words that their partner has just said. This study explored whether proportions of maternal and/or child utterances that overlapped in content with what their partner had just said contributed to growth in mean length of utterance (MLU), developmental sentence score, and vocabulary diversity over time. We analyzed the New England longitudinal corpus from the CHILDES database, comprising transcripts of mother-child conversations at 14, 20, and 32 months, using the CHIP command to compute proportions of utterances with overlapping content...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422961/characterization-of-the-mechanism-of-drug-drug-interactions-from-pubmed-using-mesh-terms
#19
Yin Lu, Bryan Figler, Hong Huang, Yi-Cheng Tu, Ju Wang, Feng Cheng
Identifying drug-drug interaction (DDI) is an important topic for the development of safe pharmaceutical drugs and for the optimization of multidrug regimens for complex diseases such as cancer and HIV. There have been about 150,000 publications on DDIs in PubMed, which is a great resource for DDI studies. In this paper, we introduced an automatic computational method for the systematic analysis of the mechanism of DDIs using MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) terms from PubMed literature. MeSH term is a controlled vocabulary thesaurus developed by the National Library of Medicine for indexing and annotating articles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417214/neural-processes-associated-with-vocabulary-and-vowel-length-differences-in-a-dialect-an-erp-study-in-pre-literate-children
#20
Jessica C Bühler, Franziska Waßmann, Daniela Buser, Flutra Zumberi, Urs Maurer
Although familiarity with a language impacts how phonology and semantics are processed at the neural level, little is known how these processes are affected by familiarity with a dialect. By measuring event-related potentials (ERPs) in kindergarten children we investigated neural processing related to familiarity with dialect-specific pronunciation and lexicality of spoken words before literacy acquisition in school. Children speaking one of two German dialects were presented with spoken word-picture pairings, in which congruity (or the lack thereof) was defined by dialect familiarity with pronunciation or vocabulary...
April 17, 2017: Brain Topography
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