keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical Subject Headings

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455699/existing-approaches-to-chemical-biological-radiological-and-nuclear-cbrn-education-and-training-for-health-professionals-findings-from-an-integrative-literature-review
#1
Mayumi Kako, Karen Hammad, Satoko Mitani, Paul Arbon
OBJECTIVES: This review was conducted to explore the literature to determine the availability, content, and evaluation of existing chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) education programs for health professionals. METHODS: An integrative review of the international literature describing disaster education for CBRN (2004-2016) was conducted. The following relevant databases were searched: Proquest, Pubmed, Science Direct, Scopus, Journals @ OVID, Google Scholar, Medline, and Ichuschi ver...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454351/disparate-compensation-policies-for-research-related-injury-in-an-era-of-multinational-trials-a-case-study-of-brazil-russia-india-china-and-south-africa
#2
George Rugare Chingarande, Keymanthri Moodley
BACKGROUND: Compensation for research related injuries is a subject that is increasingly gaining traction in developing countries which are burgeoning destinations of multi center research. However, the existence of disparate compensation rules violates the ethical principle of fairness. The current paper presents a comparison of the policies of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS). METHODS: A systematic search of good clinical practice guidelines was conducted employing search strategies modeled in line with the recommendations of ADPTE Collaboration (2007)...
February 17, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452973/the-alpha-defensin-test-for-diagnosing-periprosthetic-joint-infection-in-the-setting-of-an-adverse-local-tissue-reaction-secondary-to-a-failed-metal-on-metal-bearing-or-corrosion-at-the-head-neck-junction
#3
Kamil T Okroj, Tyler E Calkins, Erdan Kayupov, Michael M Kheir, Joshua S Bingham, Christopher P Beauchamp, Javad Parvizi, Craig J Della Valle
BACKGROUND: In patients with adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR) secondary to a failed metal-on-metal (MoM) bearing or corrosion at the head-neck junction in a metal-on-polyethylene bearing, ruling in or out periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) can be challenging. Alpha-defensin has emerged as an accurate test for PJI. The purpose of this multicenter, retrospective study was to evaluate the accuracy of the alpha-defensin synovial fluid test in detecting PJI in patients with ALTR. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 26 patients from 3 centers with ALTR that had an alpha-defensin test performed...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449162/is-video-based-education-an-effective-method-in-surgical-education-a-systematic-review
#4
Akgul Ahmet, Kus Gamze, Mustafaoglu Rustem, Karaborklu Argut Sezen
OBJECTIVE: Visual signs draw more attention during the learning process. Video is one of the most effective tool including a lot of visual cues. This systematic review set out to explore the influence of video in surgical education. We reviewed the current evidence for the video-based surgical education methods, discuss the advantages and disadvantages on the teaching of technical and nontechnical surgical skills. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the guidelines defined in the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses statement...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446673/a-systematic-review-of-fatigue-in-radiology-is-it-a-problem
#5
Nadia Stec, Danielle Arje, Alan R Moody, Elizabeth A Krupinski, Pascal N Tyrrell
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review current literature regarding radiologist fatigue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed. Key words and Medical Subject Heading terms were used to generate refined queries with inclusion and exclusion criteria, focusing on fatigue and error. Results were selected according to these criteria: examined radiologist fatigue and radiologic error stemming from fatigue; experimental results measured as accuracy, error, or performance; and peer-reviewed publication...
February 15, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444786/task-sharing-to-improve-the-prevention-diagnosis-and-management-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Leila Hussein Abdullahi, Inge Smit, Mark E Engel, David A Watkins, Liesl Joanna Zühlke
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) remains an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality globally due to weak health systems in many countries. RHD can be effectively prevented and managed; however, RHD-related interventions have not been widely adopted in countries with severe human resource constraints. Task sharing is a recognised approach to personnel shortages that could prove effective for RHD and has, anecdotally, been attempted in a few settings. We propose a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol to assess models that use non-physician workers to expand access to, and quality of, RHD-related healthcare...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442093/a-review-of-research-on-cytological-approach-in-salivary-gland-masses
#7
Arvind Babu Rajendra Santosh, Shobha Rani Bakki, Suvarna Manthapuri
To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspirations (FNAs) in salivary gland pathologies. A comprehensive literature search was conducted in the PubMed database using related Medical Subject Heading terms "sensitivity and specificity of FNA in salivary gland" and "diagnostic accuracy of FNA in salivary gland" for the period 1980-2016, and we found that 414 research studies had been published. PRISMA technology was utilized to prepare flow chart for displaying data search strategy...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440164/standard-echocardiography-versus-handheld-echocardiography-for-the-detection-of-subclinical-rheumatic-heart-disease-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#8
Lisa H Telford, Leila H Abdullahi, Eleanor A Ochodo, Liesl J Zühlke, Mark E Engel
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a preventable and treatable chronic condition which persists in many developing countries largely affecting impoverished populations. Handheld echocardiography presents an opportunity to address the need for more cost-effective methods of diagnosing RHD in developing countries, where the disease continues to carry high rates of morbidity and mortality. Preliminary studies have demonstrated moderate sensitivity as well as high specificity and diagnostic odds for detecting RHD in asymptomatic patients...
February 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439690/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-acupuncture-on-xerostomia-and-hyposalivation
#9
Zainab Assy, Henk S Brand
BACKGROUND: Saliva is fundamental to our oral health and our well-being. Many factors can impair saliva secretion, such as adverse effects of prescribed medication, auto-immune diseases (for example Sjögren's syndrome) and radiotherapy for head and neck cancers. Several studies have suggested a positive effect of acupuncture on oral dryness. METHODS: Pubmed and Web of Science were electronically searched. Reference lists of the included studies and relevant reviews were manually searched...
February 13, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436276/utility-of-the-modified-surgical-apgar-score-in-a-head-and-neck-cancer-population
#10
Kristine E Day, Andrew C Prince, Chee Paul Lin, Benjamin J Greene, William R Carroll
Objective The Surgical Apgar Score (SAS) is a validated postoperative complication prediction model. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of the SAS in a diverse head and neck cancer population and to compare it with a recently developed modified SAS (mSAS) that accounts for intraoperative transfusion. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Academic tertiary care medical center. Subjects and Methods This study comprised 713 patients undergoing surgery for head and neck cancer from April 2012 to March 2015...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435644/innovative-real-csf-leak-simulation-model-for-rhinology-training-human-cadaveric-design
#11
Abdulaziz A AlQahtani, Abeer A Albathi, Othman M Alhammad, Abdulkarim S Alrabie
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility of designing a human cadaveric simulation model of real CSF leak for rhinology training. METHOD: The laboratory investigation took place at the surgical academic center of Prince Sultan Military Medical City between 2016 and 2017. Five heads of human cadaveric specimens were cannulated into the intradural space through two frontal bone holes. Fluorescein-dyed fluid was injected intracranialy, then endoscopic endonasal iatrogenic skull base defect was created with observation of fluid leak, followed by skull base reconstruction...
February 12, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432055/minimally-invasive-pediatric-cholecystectomy-a-comparison-of-robotic-and-laparoscopic-single-and-multiport-techniques
#12
Heather Nolan, Joshua Glenn
BACKGROUND: Pediatric laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the current standard of care for gallbladder pathology. Single-incision and multiport procedures, as well as robotic and minimally invasive platforms, have been described; however, there is no head-to-head assessment of these interventions in the existing literature. The purpose of our study was to directly compare the minimally invasive cholecystectomy techniques of laparoscopic multiport (LMP), laparoscopic single incision (LSI), robotic multiport (RMP), and robotic single incision (RSI)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424187/vascular-malformations-classification-diagnosis-and-treatment
#13
Inês M Carqueja, Joel Sousa, Armando Mansilha
BACKGROUND: Vascular malformations are congenital lesions with complex clinical presentations and management. Their classification and treatment options have considerably changed throughout the years, with conflicting evidence in the literature. In this article, we aim to review the classification, diagnosis and treatment of the main vascular malformations. METHODS: A thorough non-systematic review of the literature was conducted using PubMed/Medline. Seventy-nine articles were selected and included, according to their scientific relevance and relation with the subject...
February 8, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423780/do-risk-prediction-models-for-postoperative-delirium-consider-patients-preoperative-medication-use
#14
REVIEW
Gizat M Kassie, Tuan A Nguyen, Lisa M Kalisch Ellett, Nicole L Pratt, Elizabeth E Roughead
BACKGROUND: Medicines are potentially modifiable risk factors for postoperative delirium. However, the extent to which preoperative medicines are included in risk prediction models (RPMs) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to assess the extent of inclusion of preoperative medications in RPMs for postoperative delirium. METHODS: Articles were systematically searched from MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL using Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) where possible and keywords for postoperative delirium and prediction model...
February 8, 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423357/reaching-consensus-a-review-on-sexual-health-training-modules-for-professional-capacity-building
#15
Zahra Karimian, Seied Ali Azin, Nasrin Javid, Marzieh Araban, Raziyeh Maasoumi, Shahrokh Aghayan, Effat Merghati Khoie
Background: Professional capacity building (PCB) is the focus point in health-related subjects.The present study was conducted to systematically review the existing sexual health training modules for health care providers. Methods: The following keywords were used to search: training, education, professional capacity, practitioner, sexual health, skill education, module, course, package and curriculum.The term MESH is referred to Medical Subject Headings and the following databases were investigated: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), The Cochrane Library and Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar, SID,Magiran, and Iranmedex...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422451/influence-of-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-fields-on-the-fertility-system-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Nasibeh Roozbeh, Fatemeh Abdi, Azadeh Amraee, Zahra Atarodi Kashani, Leili Darvish
BACKGROUND: Due to the increased number of users of mobile phones, tablets, and other devices over the past few years, concerns about the potential impact of mobile phones on health are growing. The influence of mobile phone exposure on male fertility has been studied in recent years. Other research has shown that electromagnetic fields (EMFs) increase macrophages in the corpus luteum and growing follicles. Due to conflicting results among studies and since no systematic review has been performed to analyze the effects of radiofrequency EMF exposure from electronic devices on the fertility system in recent years, this evidence-based study is necessary...
February 8, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420766/military-medic-performance-with-employment-of-a-commercial-intraosseous-infusion-device-a-randomized-crossover-study
#17
Brett Gendron, Aaron Cronin, Jonathan Monti, Andrew Brigg
Background: Obtaining intraosseous (IO) access remains an invaluable skill in the management and resuscitation of patients on the battlefield. The U.S. Army Combat Medic is currently trained to utilize a sternal IO device (FAST1® Intraosseous Infusion System); however, the Arrow® EZ-IO® Intraosseous Vascular Access System offers unique benefits including ease of use, reload ability, and placement location versatility. Studies have demonstrated high success rates in the operational settings using the EZ-IO® System; however, no prospective studies have been conducted to assess the performance of U...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419365/meek-micrografting-history-indications-technique-physiology-and-experience-a-review-article
#18
Eduardo Camacho Quintero, Jesús Francisco Escrivá Machado, Roger Andres Damian Robles
AIMS: Traumatic loss of skin, particularly in major burns, requires skin grafting to repair the tissue. For a large burn, where donor sites are limited, the skin graft may need to be expanded. In addition, rapid wound closure is a large factor in successful recovery and is usually achieved by debridement and skin grafting. Micrografting was introduced by Meek and involved dividing the skin into small pieces, allowing for up to a tenfold skin expansion. METHODS: We conducted a review of the literature, searched via Medline, Pubmed and Embase (from 1958 to June 2017), searching to identify studies and reports of micrografting...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387313/a-systematic-review-on-reminder-systems-in-physical-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Majid Jangi, Cesar Ferandez-de-Las-Penas, Mahmoud Tara, Fateme Moghbeli, Fariba Ghaderi, Khodabakhsh Javanshir
Background: The main goal of physical therapy is to help the patient gain a better health status. Several studies have investigated the use of reminders to prevent such failures on the patients' side. This article presents a systematic review of the literature concerning reminders in physical therapy. Methods: Databases were searched until May 2017 and literatures were found from April 1992 until 2017. The literature recruitment strategy was based on applying several keywords and Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) combination running against title and abstract, including concepts such as reminder, physical therapy...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371144/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-sexual-dysfunction-review-of-the-evidence
#20
REVIEW
Barbara Chubak, Alaethia Doctor
INTRODUCTION: Despite the growing popularity of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the Western world, biomedical students and practitioners struggle to understand TCM and how it relates to their standard diagnosis and treatment practices. AIMS: To describe the fundamentals of TCM theory and practice relevant to sexual dysfunction; to review and critique the current state of TCM research within Western biomedical literature; and to identify sites for improvement of future research and for collaborative integration of TCM and biomedicine in practice...
January 19, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
keyword
keyword
61423
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"