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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045807/evidence-reversal-when-new-evidence-contradicts-current-claims-a-systematic-overview-review
#1
REVIEW
Desirée Sutton, Riaz Qureshi, Janet Martin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the terminology and definitions surrounding the phenomenon of Evidence Reversal - which occurs when an existing claim is tested and the original evidence is contradicted by new and stronger evidence. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: For this overview systematic review, multiple medical and grey literature databases were systematically searched from inception to 2016 as well as hand searches of relevant journals, websites, blogs, article bibliographies, citing articles, and related articles...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045582/strategies-to-reduce-injuries-and-develop-confidence-in-elders-stride-a-cluster-randomized-pragmatic-trial-of-a-multifactorial-fall-injury-prevention-strategy-design-and-methods
#2
Shalender Bhasin, Thomas M Gill, David B Reuben, Nancy K Latham, Jerry H Gurwitz, Patricia Dykes, Siobhan McMahon, Thomas W Storer, Pamela W Duncan, David A Ganz, Shehzad Basaria, Michael E Miller, Thomas G Travison, Erich J Greene, James Dziura, Denise Esserman, Heather Allore, Martha B Carnie, Maureen Fagan, Catherine Hanson, Dorothy Baker, Susan L Greenspan, Neil Alexander, Fred Ko, Albert L Siu, Elena Volpi, Albert W Wu, Jeremy Rich, Stephen C Waring, Robert Wallace, Carri Casteel, Jay Magaziner, Peter Charpentier, Charles Lu, Katy Araujo, Haseena Rajeevan, Scott Margolis, Richard Eder, Joanne M McGloin, Eleni Skokos, Jocelyn Wiggins, Lawrence Garber, Steven B Clauser, Rosaly Correa-De-Araujo, Peter Peduzzi
Background: Fall injuries are a major cause of morbidity and mortality among older adults. We describe the design of a pragmatic trial to compare the effectiveness of an evidence-based, patient-centered multifactorial fall injury prevention strategy to an enhanced usual care. Methods: Strategies to Reduce Injuries and Develop Confidence in Elders (STRIDE) is a 40-month cluster-randomized, parallel-group, superiority, pragmatic trial being conducted at 86 primary care practices in 10 healthcare systems across USA...
October 14, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044160/eosinophilia-and-clinical-outcome-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-meta-analysis
#3
Jeffery Ho, Wajia He, Matthew T V Chan, Gary Tse, Tong Liu, Sunny H Wong, Czarina C H Leung, Wai T Wong, Sharon Tsang, Lin Zhang, Rose Y P Chan, Tony Gin, Joseph Leung, Benson W M Lau, William K K Wu, Shirley P C Ngai
Numerous studies have investigated the association between eosinophilia and clinical outcome of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but the evidence is conflicting. We conducted a pooled analysis of outcome measures comparing eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic COPD patients. We searched articles indexed in four databases using Medical Subject Heading or Title and Abstract words including COAD, COPD, eosinophil, eosinophilia, eosinopenia from inception to December 2016. Observational studies and randomized controlled trials with parallel groups comparing COPD patients with and without eosinophilia were included...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042385/association-between-malignancies-and-marfan-syndrome-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study-in-taiwan
#4
Chin-Wang Hsu, Jen-Chun Wang, Wen-I Liao, Wu-Chien Chien, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Chang-Huei Tsao, Yung-Fu Wu, Min-Tser Liao, Shih-Hung Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Marfan syndrome (MFS) involves a deficiency of the structural extracellular matrix component fibrillin-1 and overactivation of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signalling pathway. The TGF-β signalling pathway also actively participates in malignant transformation. Although anecdotal case reports have suggested associations between MFS/MFS-like conditions and several haematological and solid malignancies, such associations have not been thoroughly evaluated in large-scale studies...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029598/a-method-for-named-entity-normalization-in-biomedical-articles-application-to-diseases-and-plants
#5
Hyejin Cho, Wonjun Choi, Hyunju Lee
BACKGROUND: In biomedical articles, a named entity recognition (NER) technique that identifies entity names from texts is an important element for extracting biological knowledge from articles. After NER is applied to articles, the next step is to normalize the identified names into standard concepts (i.e., disease names are mapped to the National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings disease terms). In biomedical articles, many entity normalization methods rely on domain-specific dictionaries for resolving synonyms and abbreviations...
October 13, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028375/health-disparities-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-blueprint-for-action-an-official-american-thoracic-society-statement
#6
Arunabh Talwar, Joe G N Garcia, Halley Tsai, Matthew Moreno, Tim Lahm, Roham T Zamanian, Roberto Machado, Steven M Kawut, Mona Selej, Stephen Mathai, Laura Hoyt D'Anna, Sonu Sahni, Erik J Rodriquez, Richard Channick, Karen Fagan, Michael Gray, Jessica Armstrong, Josanna Rodriguez Lopez, Vinicio de Jesus Perez
BACKGROUND: Health disparities have a major impact in the quality of life and clinical care received by minorities in the United States. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare cardiopulmonary disorder that affects children and adults and that, if untreated, results in premature death. The impact of health disparities in the diagnosis, treatment, and clinical outcome of patients with PAH has not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVES: The specific goals of this research statement were to conduct a critical review of the literature concerning health disparities in PAH, identify major research gaps and prioritize direction for future research...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028282/characteristics-of-quality-improvement-champions-in-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#7
Kyungmi Woo, Gvira Milworm, Dawn Dowding
BACKGROUND: Improving care quality while reducing cost has always been a focus of nursing homes. Certified nursing assistants comprise the largest proportion of the workforce in nursing homes and have the potential to contribute to the quality of care provided. Quality improvement (QI) initiatives using certified nursing assistants as champions have the potential to improve job satisfaction, which has been associated with care quality. AIMS: To identify the role, use and preparation of champions in a nursing home setting as a way of informing future QI strategies in nursing homes...
October 13, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025849/the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-in-adulthood-a-scoping-review-protocol
#8
Zechen Ma, Mark T Bayley, Laure Perrier, Priya Dhir, Lana Dépatie, Paul Comper, Lesley Ruttan, Sarah Ep Munce
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is a significant risk factor for physical and mental illnesses later in life. Concussion or traumatic brain injury is a challenging condition where preinjury factors may interact to affect recovery. The association between ACEs and traumatic brain injury/concussion is not well mapped in any previous reviews of the literature. Using a scoping review methodology, the research question that will be addressed is: what is known from the existing literature about the association between ACEs and traumatic brain injury/concussion in adults? METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The methodological frameworks outlined by Arksey and O'Malley and Levac et al will be used...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020951/paramedic-literature-search-filters-optimised-for-clinicians-and-academics
#9
Alexander Olaussen, William Semple, Alaa Oteir, Paula Todd, Brett Williams
BACKGROUND: Search filters aid clinicians and academics to accurately locate literature. Despite this, there is no search filter or Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) term pertaining to paramedics. Therefore, the aim of this study was to create two filters to meet to different needs of paramedic clinicians and academics. METHODS: We created a gold standard from a reference set, which we measured against single terms and search filters. The words and phrases used stemmed from selective exclusion of terms from the previously published Prehospital Search Filter 2...
October 11, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991954/tools-clinical-prediction-rules-and-algorithms-for-the-insertion-of-peripheral-intravenous-catheters-in-adult-hospitalized-patients-a-systematic-scoping-review-of-literature
#10
Peter J Carr, Niall S Higgins, Marie L Cooke, James Rippey, Claire M Rickard
BACKGROUND: First-time peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) insertion success is dependent on patient, clinician, and product factors. Failed PIVC insertion are an under-recognized clinical phenomenon. OBJECTIVE: To provide a scoping review of decision aids for PIVC insertion including tools, clinical prediction rules, and algorithms (TRAs) and their findings on factors associated with insertion success. METHODS: In June 2016, a systematic literature search was performed using the medical subject heading of peripheral catheterization and tool* or rule* or algorithm*...
October 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#11
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991348/inferior-oblique-belly-transposition-for-small-angle-hypertropia-with-inferior-oblique-overaction-a-pilot-study
#12
Shiqiang Yang, Xin Guo, David Robbins Tien
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of transposition of the belly of the inferior oblique muscle in treating inferior oblique overaction with small angle hypertropia. METHODS: The medical records of 10 patients who underwent inferior oblique belly transposition from March 2014 to July 2016 were reviewed. Transposition of the inferior oblique muscle belly consisted of suturing the entire body of the muscle to the sclera 5 mm posterior to the temporal insertion of the inferior rectus muscle...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987577/predicting-bull-fertility-using-genomic-data-and-biological-information
#13
Rostam Abdollahi-Arpanahi, Gota Morota, Francisco Peñagaricano
The genomic prediction of unobserved genetic values or future phenotypes for complex traits has revolutionized agriculture and human medicine. Fertility traits are undoubtedly complex traits of great economic importance to the dairy industry. Although genomic prediction for improved cow fertility has received much attention, bull fertility largely has been ignored. The first aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of genomic prediction of sire conception rate (SCR) in US Holstein dairy cattle. Standard genomic prediction often ignores any available information about functional features of the genome, although it is believed that such information can yield more accurate and more persistent predictions...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982837/outcomes-of-disease-prevention-and-management-interventions-in-food-pantries-and-food-banks-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#14
Christopher R Long, Brett Rowland, Susan C Steelman, Pearl A McElfish
INTRODUCTION: Food insecurity is a difficulty faced in many households. During periods of food insecurity, households often seek food supplied by food pantries and food banks. Food insecurity has been associated with increased risk for several health conditions. For this reason, food pantries and food banks may have great promise as intervention sites, and health researchers have begun targeting food pantries and food banks as sites for disease prevention or management interventions. The aim of the scoping review is to examine disease prevention or management interventions implemented in food pantries and food banks...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979857/osteoarthritis-action-alliance-consensus-opinion-best-practice-features-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-lower-limb-injury-prevention-programs
#15
Thomas Trojian, Jeffrey Driban, Rathna Nuti, Lindsay Distefano, Hayley Root, Cristina Nistler, Cynthia LaBella
AIM: To identify best practice features of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and lower limb injury prevention programs (IPPs) to reduce osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: This consensus statement started with us performing a systematic literature search for all relevant articles from 1960 through January 2017 in PubMed, Web of Science and CINAHL. The search strategy combined the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) and keywords for terms: (1) ACL OR "knee injury" OR "anterior cruciate ligament"; (2) "prevention and control" OR "risk reduction" OR "injury prevention" OR "neuromuscular training"; and (3) meta-analysis OR "systematic review" OR "cohort study" OR randomized...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974353/growth-curves-for-intracranial-volume-in-normal-asian-children-fortify-management-of-craniosynostosis
#16
Hideaki Kamochi, Ataru Sunaga, Daekwan Chi, Rintaro Asahi, Shiho Nakagawa, Masanori Mori, Hirokazu Uda, Shunji Sarukawa, Yasushi Sugawara, Kotaro Yoshimura
BACKGROUND: Although the charting of normal intracranial volume (ICV) is fundamental for managing craniosynostosis, Asian norms in this regard are unknown. The purpose of this study was to establish a growth curve for ICVs in a large series of normal Asian children, providing reference values to guide corrective surgery. METHODS: A total of 124 normal children (male, 63; female, 61) and 41 children diagnosed with craniosynostoses were analyzed. Patients aged 0-8 years presenting to the emergency room and subjected to computed tomography (CT) for head trauma served as the reference cohort...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973390/association-of-krouse-classification-for-sinonasal-inverted-papilloma-with-recurrence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Quentin Lisan, Antoine Moya-Plana, Pierre Bonfils
Importance: The risk factors for the recurrence of sinonasal inverted papilloma are still unclear. Objective: To investigate the potential association between the Krouse classification and the recurrence rates of sinonasal inverted papilloma. Data Sources: The EMBASE and MEDLINE databases were searched for the period January 1, 1964, through September 30, 2016, using the following search strategy: (paranasal sinuses [Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms] OR sinonasal [all fields]) AND (inverted papilloma [MeSH terms] OR (inverted [all fields] AND papilloma [all fields])...
September 28, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971280/reproductive-ovarian-testing-and-the-alphabet-soup-of-diagnoses-dor-poi-pof-por-and-for
#18
REVIEW
Lisa M Pastore, Mindy S Christianson, James Stelling, William G Kearns, James H Segars
There are large variations in the number of oocytes within each woman, and biologically, the total quantity is at its maximum before the woman is born. Scientific knowledge is limited about factors controlling the oocyte pool and how to measure it. Within fertility clinics, there is no uniform agreement on the diagnostic criteria for each common measure of ovarian reserve in women, and thus, studies often conflict. While declining oocyte quantity/quality is a normal physiologic occurrence as women age, some women experience diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) much earlier than usual and become prematurely infertile...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968809/the-worldwide-incidence-and-prevalence-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiological-studies
#19
Frances Rees, Michael Doherty, Matthew J Grainge, Peter Lanyon, Weiya Zhang
Objectives: The aim was to review the worldwide incidence and prevalence of SLE and variation with age, sex, ethnicity and time. Methods: A systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE search engines was carried out using Medical Subject Headings and keyword search terms for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus combined with incidence, prevalence and epidemiology in August 2013 and updated in September 2016. Author, journal, year of publication, country, region, case-finding method, study period, number of incident or prevalent cases, incidence (per 100 000 person-years) or prevalence (per 100 000 persons) and age, sex or ethnic group-specific incidence or prevalence were collected...
August 9, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967466/the-evolution-of-australian-intensive-care-and-its-related-costs-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Kelly Thompson, Colman Taylor, Kevin Forde, Naomi Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a narrative review on the evolution of intensive care and the cost of intensive care services in Australia. REVIEW METHOD: A narrative review using a search of online medical databases and grey literature with keyword verification via Delphi-technique. DATA SOURCES: Using Medical Subject Headings and keywords (intensive care, critical care, mechanical ventilation, renal replacement therapy, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, monitoring, staffing, cost, cost analysis) we searched MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, Google and Google Scholar...
September 26, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
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