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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098789/implications-of-changing-temperatures-on-the-growth-fecundity-and-survival-of-intermediate-host-snails-of-schistosomiasis-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Chester Kalinda, Moses Chimbari, Samson Mukaratirwa
Climate change has been predicted to increase the global mean temperature and to alter the ecological interactions among organisms. These changes may play critical roles in influencing the life history traits of the intermediate hosts (IHs). This review focused on studies and disease models that evaluate the potential effect of temperature rise on the ecology of IH snails and the development of parasites within them. The main focus was on IH snails of schistosome parasites that cause schistosomiasis in humans...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096067/assessing-the-quality-feasibility-and-efficacy-of-electronic-patient-platforms-designed-to-support-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-a-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Gemma Pugh, Lisa McCann
BACKGROUND: A range of innovative websites, mobile technologies, eHealth and mHealth platforms have emerged to support adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. Previous reviews have identified these various applications and solutions, but no review has summarized the quality, feasibility, and efficacy of existing patient platforms (inclusive of websites, mobile technologies, mHealth and eHealth platforms) developed specifically for young people with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the design of a protocol to conduct a review of published studies or reports which describe or report on an existing platform designed specifically for AYAs who have had a cancer diagnosis...
January 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095255/effect-of-heroin-use-on-changes-of-brain-functions-as-measured-by-fmri-a-systematic-review
#3
Ayman Fareed, Jungjin Kim, Bethany Ketchen, Woo Jin Kwak, Danzhao Wang, Hilaire Shongo-Hiango, Karen Drexler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In this study we focus on reviewing imaging studies that used resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for individuals with a history of heroin use. This review study compiled existing research addressing the effect of heroin use on decision making by reviewing available functional neuroimaging data.. METHODS: Systematic review of the literatures using the PRISMA checklist. Eligible articles were retrieved through a computer-based MEDLINE and PsycINFO search from 1960 to December 2015 using the major medical subject headings 'heroin, fMRI' (all fields)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094561/the-perioperative-dental-screening-and-management-of-patients-undergoing-cardiothoracic-vascular-surgery-and-other-cardiovascular-invasive-procedures-a-systematic-review
#4
Elisabetta Cotti, Mariantonietta Arrica, Andrea Di Lenarda, Sara B Serri, Pierpaolo Bassareo, Luigi Padeletti, Giuseppe Mercuro
Background One controversial issue in the relationship between oral care and cardiovascular diseases is how and whether to manage oral infections prior to cardiovascular surgery or other cardiovascular invasive procedures. Design We designed a systematic review to assess the information available on three main questions. Is there an agreement on the need for dental evaluation and treatment before cardiovascular interventions? Are consistent clinical recommendations or protocols available? Is dental treatment prior to cardiovascular interventions effective? Methods A systematic electronic search of MEDLINE, Scopus and Web of Science was performed from the database inceptions up to 31 April 2016...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092926/effect-of-gravity-and-microgravity-on-intracranial-pressure
#5
Justin S Lawley, Lonnie G Petersen, Erin J Howden, Satyam Sarma, William K Cornwell, Rong Zhang, Louis A Whitworth, Michael A Williams, Benjamin D Levine
Astronauts have recently been discovered to have impaired vision, with a presentation that resembles syndromes of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). This syndrome is considered the most mission critical medical problem identified in the past decade of manned spaceflight. We recruited five men and three women who had an Ommaya reservoir inserted for the delivery of prophylactic central nervous system chemotherapy, but were free of their malignant disease for at least 1 year. ICP was assessed by placing a fluid-filled 25 ga butterfly needle into the Ommaya reservoir...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077900/prevalence-of-oral-lichen-planus-in-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-analysis-study
#6
Hamid Reza Mozaffari, Roohollah Sharifi, Masoud Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is associated with various other systemic conditions such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM). This study evaluated the prevalence of OLP in DM patients compared with non-diabetic control subjects in a meta-analysis study. METHODS: In this study from January 1973 to August 2016, we searched the studies in Web of Science, Medline/PubMed, Scopus, Science direct, SID (Scientific Information Database), Cochrane and Embase databases...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076614/association-between-asthma-and-female-sex-hormones
#7
Raquel Prudente de Carvalho Baldaçara, Ivaldo Silva
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The relationship between sex hormones and asthma has been evaluated in several studies. The aim of this review article was to investigate the association between asthma and female sex hormones, under different conditions (premenstrual asthma, use of oral contraceptives, menopause, hormone replacement therapy and pregnancy). DESIGN AND SETTING: Narrative review of the medical literature, Universidade Federal do Tocantins (UFT) and Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp)...
January 5, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076488/use-of-tranexamic-acid-in-trauma-patients-an-analysis-of-cost-effectiveness-for-use-in-brazil
#8
Marcelo A Pinto, Jair G da Silva, Aljamir D Chedid, Marcio F Chedid
Introduction: Use of tranexamic acid (TXA) in trauma has been the subject of growing interest by researchers and health professionals. However, there are still several open questions regarding its use. In some aspects medical literature is controversial. The points of disagreement among experts include questions such as: Which patients should receive TXA in trauma? Should treatment be performed in the pre-hospital environment? Is there any need for laboratory parameters before starting TXA treatment? What is the drug safety profile? The main issue on which there is still no basis in literature is: What is the indication for treatment within massive transfusion protocols? Objective: Answer the questions proposed based on critical evaluation of the evidence gathered so far and carry out a study of cost-effectiveness of TXA use in trauma adapted to the Brazilian reality...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071965/standing-activity-intervention-and-motor-function-in-a-young-child-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-report
#9
Olukemi Audu, Carol Daly
PURPOSE: There is limited evidence to fully justify the use of standing interventions for children with cerebral palsy (CP). This case report describes the impact of an 8-week standing program on motor function in a child with severe CP living in western Africa. METHODS: The subject was diagnosed with ischemic - hypoxic encephalopathy shortly after birth and with CP at 12 months of age. Gross Motor Function Classification of CP was level IV. Early attempts at physical therapy were interrupted by limited access to medical services...
January 10, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046928/su-f-r-38-impact-of-smoothing-and-noise-on-robustness-of-cbct-textural-features-for-prediction-of-response-to-radiotherapy-treatment-of-head-and-neck-cancers
#10
H Bagher-Ebadian, I Chetty, C Liu, B Movsas, F Siddiqui
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of image smoothing and noise on the robustness of textural information extracted from CBCT images for prediction of radiotherapy response for patients with head/neck (H/N) cancers. METHODS: CBCT image datasets for 14 patients with H/N cancer treated with radiation (70 Gy in 35 fractions) were investigated. A deformable registration algorithm was used to fuse planning CT's to CBCT's. Tumor volume was automatically segmented on each CBCT image dataset...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043247/-hot-research-topics-on-cardiovascular-diseases-in-occupational-population-a-bibliometric-analysis
#11
P Zheng, C Y Li, G P Hu, G Jia
Objective: To investigate the literature characteristics and research topics on cardiovascular diseases in the occupational population quantitatively via a bibliometric analysis, and to provide a reference for the selection of research directions. Methods: A search strategy was developed according to the words in Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) , and PubMed database was searched for articles on cardiovascular diseases in the occupational population published from 2006 to 2015. The information of published year, authors, journals, and MeSH words was extracted, frequently used MeSH words were screened out, and a cluster analysis was performed for frequently used MeSH words...
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035253/colon-adenoma-features-and-their-impact-on-risk-of-future-advanced-adenomas-and-colorectal-cancer
#12
Audrey H Calderwood, Karen E Lasser, Hemant K Roy
AIM: To review the evidence on the association between specific colon adenoma features and the risk of future colonic neoplasia [adenomas and colorectal cancer (CRC)]. METHODS: We performed a literature search using the National Library of Medicine through PubMed from 1/1/2003 to 5/30/2015. Specific Medical Subject Headings terms (colon, colon polyps, adenomatous polyps, epidemiology, natural history, growth, cancer screening, colonoscopy, CRC) were used in conjunction with subject headings/key words (surveillance, adenoma surveillance, polypectomy surveillance, and serrated adenoma)...
December 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028299/gene-expression-in-obstetric-antiphospholipid-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#13
M Muhammad Aliff, S Muhammad Shazwan, M M Nur Fariha, A R Hayati, A R Nur Syahrina, M Maizatul Azma, A H Nazefah, S Jameela, A A Asral Wirda
BACKGROUND: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a multisystem disease that may present as venous or arterial thrombosis and/or pregnancy complications with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. Until today, heterogeneity of pathogenic mechanism fits well with various clinical manifestations. Moreover, previous studies have indicated that genes are differentially expressed between normal and in the disease state. Hence, this study systematically searched the literature on human gene expression that was differentially expressed in Obstetric APS...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009980/a-comparison-of-the-clinicopathological-features-and-prognoses-of-the-classical-and-the-tall-cell-variant-of-papillary-thyroid-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#14
Zeming Liu, Wen Zeng, Tianwen Chen, Yawen Guo, Chao Zhang, Chunping Liu, Tao Huang
Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) accounts for 80-90% of all thyroid malignancies. The tall cell variant (TCV) is a rare aggressive histotype of PTC. We performed a meta-analysis to compare the clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of TCV with those of classical papillary thyroid carcinoma (cPTC). A literature search was performed using the PubMed and EMBASE databases using Medical Subject Headings and keywords. Twenty studies that included 1871 patients with TCV and 75323 patients with cPTC were included in our meta-analysis...
December 21, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007752/assessment-of-the-uterus-with-three-dimensional-ultrasound-in-women-undergoing-art
#15
REVIEW
Sotirios H Saravelos, Kannamannadiar Jayaprakasan, Kamal Ojha, Tin-Chiu Li
BACKGROUND: A detailed assessment of the uterus forms a pivotal part of the ART treatment process. The emergence of three-dimensional ultrasound (3D US) has provided clinicians with a highly powerful tool in this respect. Assessments with 3D US range from the reconstruction of anatomical planes elusive to conventional US, to the objective measurement of anatomical volumes and vascularization parameters. However, despite the ever increasing number of publications emerging in the literature, the question of which aspects of 3D US are of most clinical value remains a topic of debate...
December 21, 2016: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004850/meta-analysis-of-prophylactic-mesh-to-prevent-parastomal-hernia
#16
REVIEW
A J Cross, P L Buchwald, F A Frizelle, T W Eglinton
BACKGROUND: Rates of parastomal hernia following stoma formation remain high. Previous systematic reviews suggested that prophylactic mesh reduces the rate of parastomal hernia; however, a larger trial has recently called this into question. The aim was to determine whether mesh placed at the time of primary stoma creation prevents parastomal hernia. METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, Embase and CINAHL were searched using medical subject headings for parastomal hernia, mesh and prevention...
December 22, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004533/new-olfactometric-findings-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Giulio Cesare Passali, Francesco Bove, Lucrezia Vargiu, Anna Rita Bentivoglio, Roberta Anzivino, Eugenio De Corso, Jacopo Galli, Mario Rigante, Manlio Pandolfini, Bruno Sergi, Monica Giuliani, Francesca Cianfrone, Gaetano Paludetti, Alfonso Fasano
OBJECTIVES: to investigate in Parkinson's Disease affected patients a correlation between hyposmia and gastrointestinal dysfunction and their possible identical etiopathogenesis. DESIGN: retrospective cohort study. SETTING: ENT and Neurology departments (Gemelli Hospital, Rome, Italy). PARTICIPANTS: 78 patients with diagnosis of PD according to the UK Brain Bank criteria. INCLUSION CRITERIA: informed consent; olfactory testing executed; exclusion criteria: signs of dementia according to the DSM-IV criteria; Mini Mental State Examination score ≤ 26; head trauma; central neurological disorders, nasal or systemic diseases potentially affecting olfactory function...
December 22, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003291/pubmed-search-filters-for-the-study-of-putative-outdoor-air-pollution-determinants-of-disease
#18
Stefania Curti, Davide Gori, Valentina Di Gregori, Andrea Farioli, Alberto Baldasseroni, Maria Pia Fantini, David C Christiani, Francesco S Violante, Stefano Mattioli
OBJECTIVES: Several PubMed search filters have been developed in contexts other than environmental. We aimed at identifying efficient PubMed search filters for the study of environmental determinants of diseases related to outdoor air pollution. METHODS: We compiled a list of Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and non-MeSH terms seeming pertinent to outdoor air pollutants exposure as determinants of diseases in the general population. We estimated proportions of potentially pertinent articles to formulate two filters (one 'more specific', one 'more sensitive')...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002135/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#19
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
December 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002123/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#20
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
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