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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680788/oregon-elks-children-s-eye-clinic-vision-screening-results-for-astigmatism
#1
Joannah Vaughan, Talitha Dale, Daniel Herrera, Daniel Karr
BACKGROUND: In the Elks Preschool Vision Screening program, which uses the plusoptiX S12 to screen children 36-60 months of age, the most common reason for over-referral, using the 1.50 D referral criterion, was found to be astigmatism. The goal of this study was to compare the accuracy of the 2.25 D referral criterion for astigmatism to the 1.50 D referral criterion using screening data from 2013-2014. METHODS: Vision screenings were conducted on Head Start children 36-72 months of age by Head Start teachers and Elks Preschool Vision Screening staff using the plusoptiX S12...
April 19, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672904/growth-hormone-gh-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-igf-1-axis-hyperactivity-on-bone-fibrous-dysplasia-in-mccune-albright-syndrome
#2
Daniele Tessaris, Alison M Boyce, Margaret Zacharin, Patrizia Matarazzo, Roberto Lala, Luisa de Sanctis, Michael T Collins
CONTEXT: In fibrous dysplasia (BFD) normal bone and bone marrow are replaced by fibro-osseous tissue, leading to fracture, deformity and pain. BFD may be isolated, or in association with cutaneous hyperpigmentation and/or hyperfunctioning endocrinopathies, termed McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS). GH hypersecretion has been described in 10-20% of MAS-BFD patients. Aim of the study is to determine the impact of GH-insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF1) axis hyperactivity on MAS-BFD morbidities and the efficacy of GH excess therapy...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666136/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diabetes-mellitus-cardiovascular-and-respiratory-condition-epidemiology-in-sexual-minority-women
#3
Catherine Meads, Adam Martin, Jeffrey Grierson, Justin Varney
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (SMW) experience higher chronic disease risk factors than heterosexual counterparts. However, it was unclear if these risks translate into higher physical condition rates. This systematic review evaluates cardiovascular disease (CVD), hypertension, respiratory disease and diabetes mellitus in SMW. METHODS: A protocol was registered with the Prospero database (CRD42016050299). Included were studies reporting mortality, incidence or prevalence of the above-listed conditions in SMW compared with heterosexual women...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663265/telemedicine-and-mobile-health-technology-are-effective-in-the-management-of-digestive-diseases-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Brian C Helsel, Joel E Williams, Kristen Lawson, Jessica Liang, Jonathan Markowitz
BACKGROUND: Mobile applications and interactive websites are an increasingly used method of telemedicine, but their use lacks evidence in digestive diseases. AIM: This study aims to explore digestive disease studies that use telemedicine to effectively manage disease activity, help monitor symptoms, improve compliance to the treatment protocol, increase patient satisfaction, and enhance the patient-to-provider communication. METHODS: EBSCO, PubMed, and Web of Science databases were searched using Medical Subject Headings and other keywords to identify studies that utilized telemedicine in patients with digestive disease...
April 16, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661049/academic-facility-utilization-and-survival-outcomes-in-adult-head-and-neck-sarcomas-an-ncdb-analysis
#5
Richard B Cannon, Patrick S Carpenter, Dustin Boothe, Luke O Buchmann, Jason P Hunt, Shane Lloyd, Ying J Hitchcock, Jeffrey J Houlton, John R Weis, Hailey M Shepherd, Marcus M Monroe
Objectives To investigate clinicopathologic and treatment factors associated with survival in adult head and neck sarcomas in the National Cancer Database (NCDB). To analyze whether treatment settings and therapies received influence survival outcomes and to compare trends in utilization via an aggregated national data set. Study Design Prospectively gathered data. Setting NCDB. Subjects and Methods The study comprised a total of 6944 adult patients treated for a head and neck sarcoma from January 2004 to December 2013...
April 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657426/status-of-theileriosis-among-herbivores-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Masoud Soosaraei, Mousa Motavalli Haghi, Fariborz Etemadifar, Mahdi Fakhar, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Hajar Ziaei Hezarjaribi, Shabnam Asfaram
Aim: Theileriosis is a protozoal disease caused by Theileria spp. mostly in warm-blooded vertebrates worldwide. It is one of the common tick-borne diseases among domestic animals in tropical and sub-tropical regions, which have a variety of unlikable effects on health economy and animal welfare. In the present study, the prevalence of theileriosis among domestic farm animals in Iran was systematically evaluated. Methods: To identify the related papers, 10 English and Persian databases, including PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, Medical Subject Headings, Google Scholar, Magiran, Barakatns (formerly Iranmedex), Elm net, and Scientific Information Database, were appraised for articles published throughout 1999-2017...
March 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656878/postoperative-headache-following-treatment-of-vestibular-schwannoma-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Ahad Sabab, Jaspreet Sandhu, Stephen Bacchi, Alistair Jukes, Andrew Zacest
Vestibular schwannoma (VS) is a brain tumour arising from Schwann cells that is typically closely associated with the vestibulocochlear nerve. Post-operative headaches (POH) are a potentially common complication of surgery for VS. Greatly differing rates of POH have previously been reported, particularly with different surgical approaches. The aim of this review is to identify and summarise the available peer-reviewed evidence on rates of POH following operative (or radiosurgery) treatment for VS, in addition to information about the treatment and prognosis of POH in these patients...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644302/perforating-head-injury-with-iron-rod-and-its-miraculous-escape-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
Batuk Diyora, Nitin Kotecha, Mazhar Mulla, Shailendra Dethe, Bhagyashree Bhende, Swapnil Patil
Civilian perforating head injury is rare. Because rarity of this injury, there is no standard management protocol. We report a case of perforating head injury with iron rod, review the literature on the subject and discuss the challenges in the management of such case. We have not found similar case in the literature. Civilian perforating head injury is rare. A 25-year-male brought to the emergency department with approximately two feet perforating iron rod in the head, entering via frontal region, left side of midline and coming out of the occipital region...
April 2018: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629191/chronic-kidney-disease-care-models-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
John W Stanifer, Megan Von Isenburg, Glenn M Chertow, Shuchi Anand
Introduction: The number of persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD) living in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is increasing rapidly; yet systems built to care for them have received little attention. In order to inform the development of scalable CKD care models, we conducted a systematic review to characterise existing CKD care models in LMICs. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase and WHO Global Health Library databases for published reports of CKD care models from LMICs between January 2000 and 31 October 2017...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624410/ginseng-as-a-treatment-for-fatigue-a-systematic-review
#10
Noël M Arring, Denise Millstine, Lisa A Marks, Lillian M Nail
BACKGROUND: Millions of people with chronic illness suffer from fatigue. Fatigue is a complex, multidimensional symptom with poorly understood causes, wide variations in severity among individuals, and negative effects on multiple domains of daily life. Many patients with fatigue report the use of herbal remedies. Ginseng is one of the most widely used because it is believed to improve energy, physical and emotional health, and well-being. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the published evidence to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the two types of Panax ginseng (Asian [Panax ginseng] and American [Panax quinquefolius]) as treatments for fatigue...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596051/harmonization-initiatives-in-the-generation-reporting-and-application-of-biological-variation-data
#11
REVIEW
Aasne K Aarsand, Thomas Røraas, William A Bartlett, Abdurrahman Coşkun, Anna Carobene, Pilar Fernandez-Calle, Niels Jonker, Jorge Díaz-Garzón, Federica Braga, Sverre Sandberg
Biological variation (BV) data have many applications in laboratory medicine. However, concern has been raised that some BV estimates in use today may be irrelevant or of unacceptable quality. A number of initiatives have been launched by the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM) and other parties to deliver a more harmonized practice in the generation, reporting and application of BV data. Resulting from a necessary focus upon the veracity of historical BV studies, critical appraisal and meta-analysis of published BV studies is possible through application of the Biological Variation Data Critical Appraisal Checklist (BIVAC), published in 2017...
March 29, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584896/interactive-medical-word-sense-disambiguation-through-informed-learning
#12
Yue Wang, Kai Zheng, Hua Xu, Qiaozhu Mei
Objective: Medical word sense disambiguation (WSD) is challenging and often requires significant training with data labeled by domain experts. This work aims to develop an interactive learning algorithm that makes efficient use of expert's domain knowledge in building high-quality medical WSD models with minimal human effort. Methods: We developed an interactive learning algorithm with expert labeling instances and features. An expert can provide supervision in 3 ways: labeling instances, specifying indicative words of a sense, and highlighting supporting evidence in a labeled instance...
March 23, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570535/overview-of-the-nasa-70-day-bed-rest-study
#13
Ronita L Cromwell, Jessica M Scott, Meghan Downs, Patrice O Yarbough, Susana B Zanello, Lori Ploutz-Snyder
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the NASA 70-day Bed Rest Study. The integrated complement of investigations and the standardized bed rest environment that served as the platform for this study complement are described. Outcomes of the studies will not be presented here, but will be reported in separate publications. METHODS: A set of studies running in an integrated fashion along the entire period (pre-, in- and post-bed rest) and utilizing the same subjects is referred in this paper as "the campaign" or "complement"...
March 22, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568165/periodontal-microsurgery-reaching-new-heights-of-precision
#14
REVIEW
Vikender Singh Yadav, Sanjeev Kumar Salaria, Anu Bhatia, Renu Yadav
The use of magnification to perform various procedures in medical and dental field, particularly endodontics has long been recognized. Unfortunately, its application in periodontics is not widely popularized. The objective of this article is to emphasize the application of microsurgical principles in various periodontal surgical procedures and to reinforce the incorporation of microscope into periodontal practice. The most recent periodontal journals were reviewed and a search of databases such as PubMed or Medline and Google Scholar was conducted for relevant material from published literature up to 2017...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565170/appetite-hormones-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#15
Ana Paula Trussardi Fayh, Agnes Denise de Lima Bezerra, Rogerio Friedman
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition in children with cancer is a significant risk factor for negative outcomes, but in the clinical practice setting, it is difficult to pinpoint which factors operate to cause substantial weight loss and malnutrition in a given patient. Appetite-related hormones like ghrelin and leptin are among possible mediators. However, only few studies have examined the role of these hormones in pediatric patients with cancer to date. Thus, the purpose of this study was to systematically review possible changes in the levels of appetite hormones, specially leptin and ghrelin, in pediatric patients with cancer...
January 19, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564692/a-systematic-review-of-pfe-pre-prostatectomy
#16
REVIEW
S S Goonewardene, D Gillatt, R Persad
Male Stress Urinary Incontinence is a complication post robotic radical prostatectomy. This is a major problem that needs to be solved, since it has great impact on quality of life affecting the patient's physical activity and social well-being. A systematic review relating to literature on impact of preoperative PFE on continence outcomes for patients undergoing prostatectomy was conducted. The search strategy aimed to identify all references related to pelvic floor exercises and post-prostatectomy. Search terms used were as follows: (Pelvic floor exercises) AND (incontinence) AND (prostatectomy)...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562676/the-effect-of-dietary-glycaemic-index-on-glycaemia-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Omorogieva Ojo, Osarhumwese Osaretin Ojo, Fajemisin Adebowale, Xiao-Hua Wang
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of diabetes in the United Kingdom and worldwide calls for new approaches to its management, and diets with low glycaemic index have been proposed as a useful means for managing glucose response. However, there are conflicting reports and differences in the results of studies in terms of their effectiveness. Furthermore, the impact of low-glycaemic index diets and their long-term use in patients with type 2 diabetes remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of low-glycaemic index diets in patients with type 2 diabetes...
March 19, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558248/patterns-of-migraine-disease-in-otolaryngology-a-cheer-network-study
#18
Kristine A Schulz, Elnaz Esmati, Frederick A Godley, Claude L Hill, Ashkan Monfared, Michael Teixido, Debara L Tucci, David L Witsell
Objective To evaluate the prevalence of migraine disease in an otolaryngologic cohort and migraine-related otologic and sinonasal symptoms in this population. Study Design Cross-sectional study utilizing the CHEER (Creating Healthcare Excellence through Education and Research) network for recruitment. Setting Patients were recruited in a cross-sectional and pragmatic manner in 14 CHEER sites between June 2015 and March 2017 (9 academic, 5 community based). Subjects and Methods Patients were included if they were aged ≥18 years and seen for any concern that was not head and neck cancer...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557421/hemorrhagic-events-in-adult-celiac-disease-patients-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Alina Dima, Ciprian Jurcut, Anca Manolache, Daniel Vasile Balaban, Alina Popp, Mariana Jinga
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Celiac disease (CD) presents with a wide spectrum of extra-digestive symptoms, including hemorrhagic manifestations. The aim of this review was to conduct an extensive analysis of the hemorrhagic events reported in adult CD patients. METHODS: Case report and review of the literature. Pubmed (MEDLINE) database search from January 1970 onwards was performed using the medical subject headings [MeSH] terms "celiac disease" AND "blood coagulation disorders", "hemorrhage", "hematoma", "hematuria", "hemoptysis", "epistaxis", "hemosiderosis"...
March 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557266/swallowing-outcomes-in-elderly-patients-following-microvascular-reconstruction-of-the-head-and-neck
#20
Mitchell L Worley, Evan M Graboyes, Julie Blair, Suhael Momin, Kent E Armeson, Terry A Day, Andrew T Huang
Objective To describe swallowing outcomes in elderly patients undergoing microvascular reconstruction of the upper aerodigestive tract and identify risk factors for poor postoperative swallowing function. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Academic medical center. Subjects and Methods Sixty-six patients aged ≥70 years underwent microvascular reconstruction of the upper aerodigestive tract. The primary outcome measure was the Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS); preoperative and postoperative scores were dichotomized to define "good swallowing" and "poor swallowing...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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