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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446038/clinical-criteria-of-positional-vertical-nystagmus-in-vestibular-migraine
#1
Mohamed Mohamed El-Badry, Hesham Samy, Abdel Mageed Kabel, Fatma Mohamed Rafat, Hossam Sanyelbhaa
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to identify key diagnostic criteria for positional vertical nystagmus caused by vestibular migraine (VM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group included a case series of 13 subjects with VM (10 females and three males with age 38.6 ± 8.9 years); they were complaining of positional vertigo. They were subjected to thorough audiovestibular examination and treated with cinnarizine or topiramate Results: The entire study group demonstrated positional vertical nystagmus (eight patients had up-beating nystagmus and five patients had down-beating nystagmus)...
April 27, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445596/effectiveness-safety-and-acceptability-of-non-physician-provision-of-first-trimester-medical-termination-of-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#2
S Sjöström, M Dragoman, S M Fønhus, B Ganatra, K Gemzell-Danielsson
BACKGROUND: Previous systematic reviews have concluded that medical termination of pregnancy (TOP) provided by non-physician providers may be as effective and safe as when provided by physicians. Medical treatment of incomplete miscarriage by non-physicians, and treated women's acceptability with non-physician providers of TOP has not previously been reviewed. OBJECTIVE: To review the effectiveness, safety and acceptability of non-physician provision of first trimester medical TOP including medical treatment for incomplete miscarriage...
April 26, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441705/oral-complications-of-the-oromaxillofacial-area-radiotherapy
#3
Hakimeh Ahadian, Soghra Yassaei, Fathollah Bouzarjomehri, Mehrdad Ghaffari Targhi, Khatereh Kheirollahi
Background: The incidence of malignancies is on the rise in different communities, making them the second most important cause of mortality in developed countries. One of the treatment modalities for these malignancies, apart from surgery and chemotherapy, is radiotherapy which might in itself lead to some complications in the area receiving radiation. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of oral complications in patients undergoing radiotherapy of the oromaxillofacial area in Shahid Ramazanzadeh Radiotherapy Center in Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438819/essentials-of-essential-oils
#4
Chelsea R Manion, Rebecca M Widder
PURPOSE: Information to guide clinicians in educating and advising patients using or intending to use essential oils for self-administered aromatherapy or other medicinal purposes is presented. SUMMARY: The term essential oils refers to highly concentrated, aromatic oils extracted from plants by steam distillation, hydrodiffusion, or pressure. Market reports indicate strong growth in the use of essential oils in the United States in recent decades. Therapeutic claims made in the marketing of essential oils have led the Food and Drug Administration to caution a number of suppliers...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438186/mortality-and-infectious-complications-of-therapeutic-endovascular-interventional-radiology-a-systematic-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#5
Kaoutar Mellouk Aid, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Abdelmajid Soulaymani, Karin Lebascle, Stephane Silvera, Pascal Astagneau, Benoit Misset
BACKGROUND: Endovascular interventional radiology (EIR) is an increasingly popular, mini invasive treatment option for patient with symptomatic vascular disease. The EIR practiced by qualified hands is an effective, well-tolerated procedure that offers relief of patient's symptoms with a low risk of complications. During acute post procedural period, immediate complications may relate to vascular access, restenosis, thromboembolic events, uterine ischemia, infection, necrosis, sepsis, ICU stay, surgical recovery, pain management, treatment failure, and death...
April 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432758/specificity-and-sensitivity-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-the-diagnosis-of-progressive-supranuclear-palsy
#6
REVIEW
Stephen Bacchi, Ivana Chim, Sandy Patel
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a neurodegenerative condition that can only be diagnosed conclusively on pathological examination. Currently, the diagnosis is based upon the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and the Society for PSP criteria. These criteria consist of purely clinical findings. Elements of brain MRI that are being investigated for this role include identifying structural features on conventional MRI, volume changes, signal abnormalities and diffusion changes. The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic search to identify which MRI findings have evidence to support their sensitivity/specificity/accuracy in the diagnosis of PSP...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422961/characterization-of-the-mechanism-of-drug-drug-interactions-from-pubmed-using-mesh-terms
#7
Yin Lu, Bryan Figler, Hong Huang, Yi-Cheng Tu, Ju Wang, Feng Cheng
Identifying drug-drug interaction (DDI) is an important topic for the development of safe pharmaceutical drugs and for the optimization of multidrug regimens for complex diseases such as cancer and HIV. There have been about 150,000 publications on DDIs in PubMed, which is a great resource for DDI studies. In this paper, we introduced an automatic computational method for the systematic analysis of the mechanism of DDIs using MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) terms from PubMed literature. MeSH term is a controlled vocabulary thesaurus developed by the National Library of Medicine for indexing and annotating articles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419017/the-evaluation-of-trauma-care-the-comparison-of-2-high-level-pediatric-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states-and-turkey
#8
Alkan Bal, Michael Cooper, Amanda Lee, Murat Anil, Halim Hennes
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to compare the outcomes of pediatric trauma patients with motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) and motor vehicle versus pedestrian crashes (MPCs) at a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States and a pediatric trauma center in Turkey. METHODS: The medical records of all pediatric MVC and MPC subjects presenting to the emergency departments (EDs) of a level 3 hospital in Turkey (Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital [ITTRH]) and a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States (Children's Medical Center Dallas [CMCD]) over a 1-year period were reviewed...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418270/usmle-and-otolaryngology-predicting-board-performance
#9
Liana Puscas, David Chang, Hui-Jie Lee, Rodney Diaz, Robert Miller
Objective To ascertain what relationship exists between the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) and the American Board of Otolaryngology Written Qualifying Examination (WQE). Study Design Retrospective, longitudinal study. Setting De-identified database. Subjects Residents entering otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OHNS) residency between 2007 and 2009 and taking the WQE for the first time between 2012 and 2014. Methods Regression models were used to determine if the USMLE score predicts passage of the WQE on the first attempt, which step score was a better predictor, and whether an increase in the Step 2 score increased the chances of WQE passage...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415054/-hemodialysis-increases-the-incidence-of-post-traumatic-seizure-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-traumatic-intracranial-hemorrhage
#10
Tomoya Oishi, Seiya Takehara, Yasuhiro Yamamura, Mamoru Tomida, Naoki Ikegaya, George Seki, Nobutaka Ohta
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the number of hemodialysis patients increases every year, along with the average age of this patient population. Further, certain complications of hemodialysis make the care of traumatic head injury(THI)patients particularly difficult. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at investigating the occurrence of and risk factors for post-traumatic seizures in hemodialysis patients with a history of THI, and determining patient outcomes. METHODS: Subjects were selected from patients who were admitted to Yaizu Municipal Hospital in Shizuoka, Japan for traumatic intracranial hemorrhage(TICH)...
April 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399772/nurse-led-ranibizumab-intravitreal-injections-in-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-literature-review
#11
Emma Gregg
Aim The aim of this literature review was to explore the development of the role of specialist ophthalmic nurses in delivering ranibizumab intravitreal injections to patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and to evaluate their contribution to reducing capacity pressures in medical retina services, while maintaining safe and effective standards of care. Method A systematic literature search was undertaken to identify relevant articles published between January 2000 and June 2015. A search of electronic databases was undertaken, and selected relevant journals were searched manually...
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397572/coherent-raman-scattering-microscopy-for-evaluation-of-head-and-neck-carcinoma
#12
Rebecca C Hoesli, Daniel A Orringer, Jonathan B McHugh, Matthew E Spector
Objective We aim to describe a novel, label-free, real-time imaging technique, coherent Raman scattering (CRS) microscopy, for histopathological evaluation of head and neck cancer. We evaluated the ability of CRS microscopy to delineate between tumor and nonneoplastic tissue in tissue samples from patients with head and neck cancer. Study Design Prospective case series. Setting Tertiary care medical center. Subjects and Methods Patients eligible were surgical candidates with biopsy-proven, previously untreated head and neck carcinoma and were consented preoperatively for participation in this study...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389246/writing-otorhinolaryngology-head-neck-surgery-operative-reports
#13
O Laccourreye, F Rubin, A Villeneuve, P Bonfils
Only about ten articles devoted to operative reports have been published in the medical literature, but this document is essential, both medically and legally, to ensure optimal management of operated patients. In this technical note, based on published studies on this subject, the authors describe the key features of operating reports after otorhinolaryngology head & neck surgery and emphasize the need to write this document during the minutes after the end of the operation, the importance of standardization and its teaching role during surgical training...
April 4, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387172/review-of-surgical-techniques-of-experimental-renal-transplantation-in-rats
#14
Badri Shrestha, John Haylor
Microvascular surgical techniques of renal transplant in rats have evolved over the past 5 decades to achieve successful rat renal transplant; these modifications have included surgical techniques to address the anatomic variations in the renal blood vessels and those to reduce ischemic and operation durations. Here, we review the surgical techniques of renal transplant in rats and evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of individual techniques of vascular and ureteric anastomoses. For this review, we performed a systematic literature search using relevant medical subject heading terms and included appropriate publications in the review...
April 6, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382833/dr-john-mclennan-md-aberdeen-frcp-lond-1801-1874-and-the-medical-school-of-bombay-that-failed
#15
Sunil K Pandya
In 1826, Dr John McLennan was asked by Governor Mounstuart Elphinstone of Bombay to set up the first school to teach modern medicine to Indian citizens. He was expected to create textbooks on a variety of subjects in local languages and teach medicine to poorly educated students in their native tongues. Despite his valiant efforts, the school was deemed a failure and was abolished by the Government in 1832. Sir Robert Grant, appointed Governor of Bombay in 1835, analysed records pertaining to this medical school and concluded that the school failed since Dr McLennan was not provided the assistance he needed and as his suggestions for access to a hospital to teach medicine were not heeded...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381378/severe-acute-pancreatitis-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-surgical-management
#16
Mark Portelli, Christopher David Jones
BACKGROUND: Severe acute pancreatitis is a subtype of acute pancreatitis, associated with multiple organ failure and systemic inflammatory response syndrome. In this qualitative review we looked at the principles of pathogenesis, classification and surgical management of severe acute pancreatitis. We also looked at the current shift in paradigm in the management of severe acute pancreatitis since the guideline developed by the British Society of Gastroenterology. DATA SOURCES: Studies published between 1st January 1991 and 31st December 2015 were identified with PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Google Scholar online search engines using the following Medical Subject Headings: "acute pancreatitis, necrosis, mortality, pathogenesis, incidence" and the terms "open necrosectomy and minimally invasive necrosectomy"...
April 2017: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379925/medically-graded-honey-supplementation-formula-to-preterm-infants-as-a-prebiotic-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Hany Aly, Reem N Said, Iman E Wali, Amany Elwakkad, Yssra Soliman, Alaa Reda Awad, Mahmoud A Shawky, Mohamed A Mohamed
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of medically-graded enteral honey supplementation on the intestinal microbiota, immune response, and somatic growth of preterm infants. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted on preterm infants with gestational age ≤ 34 weeks and postnatal age > 3 days. After reaching 1/2 goal enteral feeds, medically-graded bee honey was added to milk at a dose of 5, 10, 15, and 0 g/day for two weeks in groups A, B, C and D respectively...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370991/polyethylene-versus-cotton-caps-as-adjunct-to-body-wrap-in-preterm-infants
#18
Shafie Hashim, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria, Adli Ali, Shareena Ishak, Jaafar Rohana
BACKGROUND: Occlusive body wrap using polyethylene plastic applied immediately after birth had been shown to reduce hypothermia among preterm infants. Various adjunct methods have been studied in an attempt to further reduce the incidence of hypothermia. This study was conducted to determine whether polyethylene cap is more effective than cotton cap as an adjunct to polyethylene occlusive body wrap in reducing hypothermia among preterm infants. METHODS: Study subjects were preterm infants of 24 to 34 weeks gestation born at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC)...
March 29, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369876/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-hypocalciuria-in-pre-eclampsia
#19
REVIEW
Kristen M McMaster, Andrew M Kaunitz, Prardhana Burbano de Lara, Luis Sanchez-Ramos
BACKGROUND: Small observational studies have demonstrated that hypocalciuria is associated with pre-eclampsia. OBJECTIVES: To compare urinary calcium excretion in pre-eclampsia, gestational hypertension, and chronic hypertension with that in normotensive pregnancies. SEARCH STRATEGY: Online databases were searched through February 2016 using medical subject headings "calcium homeostasis," "calcium excretion," "hypocalciuria," and "pre-eclampsia...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366572/development-of-a-quality-and-safety-competency-curriculum-for-radiation-oncology-residency-an-international-delphi-study
#20
Jenna Adleman, Caitlin Gillan, Amanda Caissie, Carol-Anne Davis, Brian Liszewski, Andrea McNiven, Meredith Giuliani
PURPOSE: To develop an entry-to-practice quality and safety competency profile for radiation oncology residency. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A comprehensive list of potential quality and safety competency items was generated from public and professional resources and interprofessional focus groups. Redundant or out-of-scope items were eliminated through investigator consensus. Remaining items were subjected to an international 2-round modified Delphi process involving experts in radiation oncology, radiation therapy, and medical physics...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
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