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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212927/patients-with-chronic-dizziness-following-traumatic-head-injury-typically-have-multiple-diagnoses-involving-combined-peripheral-and-central-vestibular-dysfunction
#1
Q Arshad, R E Roberts, H Ahmad, R Lobo, M Patel, T Ham, D J Sharp, B M Seemungal
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesised that chronic vestibular symptoms (CVS) of imbalance and dizziness post-traumatic head injury (THI) may relate to: (i) the occurrence of multiple simultaneous vestibular diagnoses including both peripheral and central vestibular dysfunction in individual patients increasing the chance of missed diagnoses and suboptimal treatment; (ii) an impaired response to vestibular rehabilitation since the central mechanisms that mediate rehabilitation related brain plasticity may themselves be disrupted...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198681/hearing-and-vestibular-rehabilitation-with-a-focus-on-the-elderly
#2
Edward Fisher, Robin Youngs, Musheer Hussain, Jonathan Fishman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145669/dizziness-approach-to-evaluation-and-management
#3
Herbert L Muncie, Susan M Sirmans, Ernest James
Dizziness is a common yet imprecise symptom. It was traditionally divided into four categories based on the patient's history: vertigo, presyncope, disequilibrium, and light-headedness. However, the distinction between these symptoms is of limited clinical usefulness. Patients have difficulty describing the quality of their symptoms but can more consistently identify the timing and triggers. Episodic vertigo triggered by head motion may be due to benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Vertigo with unilateral hearing loss suggests Meniere disease...
February 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129508/understanding-therapeutic-approaches-to-anxiety-in-vestibular-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study-of-specialist-physiotherapists-in-the-uk
#4
Andrew Walker, Xenya Kantaris, Mary Chambers
PURPOSE: People with vestibular disorders are typically treated by physiotherapists in vestibular rehabilitation. Anxiety is strongly associated with vestibular disorders; however, there is a lack of understanding about how physiotherapists respond to people presenting with anxiety within vestibular rehabilitation. This study aimed to explore physiotherapists' current practice in assessing and treating patients with anxiety in vestibular rehabilitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with 10 specialist physiotherapists in vestibular rehabilitation in three university teaching hospitals in England...
January 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112027/the-effect-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#5
Babette F van Esch, Ellis S van der Scheer-Horst, Hester J van der Zaag-Loonen, Tjasse D Bruintjes, Peter Paul G van Benthem
Objective To systematically review the evidence on the effect of vestibular rehabilitation in patients with Ménière's disease (MD) on balance and dizziness-related quality of life. Data Sources A literature search was conducted in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases. Review Methods Articles were reviewed by 2 independent authors and data were compiled in tables for analysis regarding balance (ie, posturography) and dizziness-specific quality of life in patients with MD...
November 1, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110290/guided-and-unguided-internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-versus-usual-care-for-dizzy-adults-of-50%C3%A2-years-and-older-a-protocol-for-a-three-armed-randomised-trial
#6
Vincent A van Vugt, Johannes C van der Wouden, Judith E Bosmans, Martin Smalbrugge, Willianne van Diest, Rosie Essery, Lucy Yardley, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Otto R Maarsingh
INTRODUCTION: Dizziness is a common symptom in general practice with a high prevalence among older adults. The most common cause of dizziness in general practice is peripheral vestibular disease. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a safe and effective treatment for peripheral vestibular disease that entails specific exercises to maximise the central nervous system compensation for the effects of vestibular pathology. An internet-based VR intervention has recently been shown to be safe and effective...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088930/adherence-of-older-people-with-instability-in-vestibular-rehabilitation-programmes-prediction-criteria
#7
A Soto-Varela, A Faraldo-García, M Del-Río-Valeiras, M Rossi-Izquierdo, I Vaamonde-Sánchez-Andrade, P Gayoso-Diz, A Lirola-Delgado, S Santos-Pérez
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether demographic characteristics or balance examination findings can predict the adherence of older people with instability to a vestibular rehabilitation programme. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was conducted of 120 patients aged 65 years or more (mean age, 77.3 ± 6.33 years). Two groups were classified according to patients' adherence with the follow-up post-rehabilitation protocol. Analysed variables included: age, sex, body mass index, Timed Up and Go test findings, computerised dynamic posturography, Dizziness Handicap Inventory scores and Short Falls Efficacy Scale - International questionnaire results, number of falls, and type of vestibular rehabilitation...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007042/the-value-of-close-monitoring-in-vestibular-rehabilitation-therapy
#8
M Itani, Y Koaik, A Sabri
BACKGROUND: Vestibular rehabilitation therapy is a well-established treatment modality for patients with vestibular problems. HYPOTHESIS: Performing vestibular rehabilitation therapy in a closely monitored setting may result in a better outcome than a home exercise programme. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of patients undergoing vestibular rehabilitation therapy between June 2005 and November 2012 in a tertiary university hospital...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002135/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#9
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
December 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002123/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#10
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984359/analysis-of-factors-affecting-the-outcomes-of-in-hospitalized-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-intractable-dizziness
#11
Fumiyuki Goto, Kyoko Nomura, Fumiaki Taka, Miki Arai, Nagisa Sugaya
OBJECTIVE: To analyze somatic and psychological factors affecting the outcomes of in-hospital vestibular rehabilitation in patients with intractable dizziness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 138 patients with persistent dizziness caused by peripheral vestibular dysfunction. They were hospitalized and taught to conduct a vestibular rehabilitation program for 30 minutes by themselves three times a day over 5 days. They were then instructed to continue performing the program every day after discharge...
March 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938621/-chronic-subjective-dizziness
#12
Y Lin, J L Wang, J H Qiu, D J Zha
Chronic subjective dizziness(CSD) was defined as persistent nonvertiginous dizziness or subjective unsteadiness. Patients are hypersensitivity to motion stimuli, such as head movement and motion of objects in the visual surrounding, and have difficulty with precise visual tasks. The concept of CSD was first proposed by Staab and Ruckenstein, which indicates relationships between chronic dizziness and acute vestibular or psychiatric disorders, including neuro-otologic type, psychiatric type or interactive type...
November 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915363/outcomes-following-a-vestibular-rehabilitation-and-aerobic-training-program-to-address-persistent-post-concussion-symptoms
#13
Brian M Moore, Joseph T Adams, Edward Barakatt
PURPOSE: To describe changes in adults with persistent symptoms and disability following a concussion after completing a supervised home exercise vestibular rehabilitation (VR) program combined with aerobic training. METHOD: Participants included 14 consecutive individuals referred for VR within the context of a comprehensive concussion center. Outcome measures were administered at initial evaluation, 3 mos, and 6 mos. Outcome measures included: Rivermead Post-Concussion Questionnaire symptom (RPQ-3) and function (RPQ-13) subcategories, Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), functional gait assessment (FGA), return to work/study (RTW), and return to activity (RTA)...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879230/bilateral-cochleovestibulopathy-due-to-internal-auditory-canal-metastasis-in-a-patient-with-stomach-cancer
#14
Sertaç Yetişer
Bilateral sudden onset hearing loss and vestibular dysfunction due to metastatic carcinoma of the internal auditory canal (IAC) on both sides is an extremely rare occurrence. This is a challenging case in neuro-otology that is difficult to relieve by medical support, and spontaneous compensation by vestibular rehabilitation is minimal. The spread of tumor cells to the cerebrospinal space indicates poor prognosis. We present a patient with stage-III gastric carcinoma who experienced sudden hearing loss and severe imbalance...
November 23, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857014/-effectiveness-of-self-efficacy-promoting-vestibular-rehabilitation-program-for-patients-with-vestibular-hypofunction
#15
Hyun Jung Lee, Smi Choi-Kwon
PURPOSE: In this study an examination was done of the effect of self-efficacy promoting vestibular rehabilitation (S-VR) on dizziness, exercise selfefficacy, adherence to vestibular rehabilitation (VR), subjective and objective vestibular function, vestibular compensation and the recurrence of dizziness in patients with vestibular hypofunction. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled study. Data were collected 3 times at baseline, 4 and 8 weeks after beginning the intervention...
October 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812348/an-attempt-of-early-detection-of-poor-outcome-after-whiplash
#16
Sebastien Laporte, Danping Wang, Jennyfer Lecompte, Sophie Blancho, Baptiste Sandoz, Antoine Feydy, Pavel Lindberg, Julien Adrian, Elodie Chiarovano, Catherine de Waele, Pierre-Paul Vidal
The main concern with whiplash is that a large proportion of whiplash patients experience disabling symptoms or whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) for months if not years following the accident. Therefore, identifying early prognostic factors of WAD development is important as WAD have widespread clinical and economic consequences. In order to tackle that question, our study was specifically aimed at combining several methods of investigation in the same WAD patients at the acute stage and 6 months later...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758126/the-effect-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-on-sleep-disturbance-in-patients-with-chronic-dizziness
#17
Nagisa Sugaya, Miki Arai, Fumiyuki Goto
CONCLUSIONS: Improvement in sleep, emotional distress, and health-related quality-of-life (QoL) accompanied the improvement in dizziness symptoms after vestibular rehabilitation. Persistent sleep disturbance could prevent improvements in self-perceived handicap due to chronic dizziness and anxiety. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated prospectively the effects of intervention for dizziness (vestibular rehabilitation) on sleep disturbance, and the relationship between improvements in dizziness symptoms and improvements in sleep disturbance after the intervention...
October 19, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746838/-positive-to-negative-dix-hallpike-test-and-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-recurrence-in-elderly-undergoing-canalith-repositioning-maneuver-and-vestibular-rehabilitation
#18
Karyna M O B de Figueiredo Ribeiro, Lidiane Maria de Brito Macedo Ferreira, Raysa Vanessa de Medeiros Freitas, Camila Nicácio da Silva, Nandini Deshpande, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
Introduction Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is the most common cause of dizziness in elderly people. Recent studies have shown that the elderly present higher Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo recurrence and that vertiginous symptomatology remission varies according to comorbidities and the therapeutic techniques applied. Objective To assess the short-term effectiveness of Vestibular Rehabilitation in addition to Canalith Repositioning Maneuver on positive to negative Dix-Hallpike test, on recurrence and number of maneuvers to achieve a negative test in elderly patients with chronic Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730651/management-of-mal-de-debarquement-syndrome-as-vestibular-migraines
#19
Yaser Ghavami, Yarah M Haidar, Kasra N Ziai, Omid Moshtaghi, Jay Bhatt, Harrison W Lin, Hamid R Djalilian
OBJECTIVE: Mal de debarquement syndrome (MdDS) is a balance disorder that typically starts after an extended exposure to passive motion, such as a boat or plane ride. Management is typically supportive (e.g. physical therapy), and symptoms that persist beyond 6 months have been described as unlikely to remit. This study was conducted to evaluate the response of patients with MdDS to management with migraine prophylaxis, including lifestyle changes and medical therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective review...
October 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719862/functional-psychogenic-dizziness
#20
M Dieterich, J P Staab, T Brandt
Functional and psychiatric disorders that cause vestibular symptoms (i.e., vertigo, unsteadiness, and dizziness) are common. In fact, they are more common than many well-known structural vestibular disorders. Neurologists and otologists are more likely to encounter patients with vestibular symptoms due to persistent postural-perceptual dizziness or panic disorder than Ménière's disease or bilateral vestibular loss. Successful approaches to identifying functional and psychiatric causes of vestibular symptoms can be incorporated into existing practices without much difficulty...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
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