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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594074/effect-of-early-vestibular-rehabilitation-on-vertigo-and-unsteadiness-in-patients-with-acute-and-sub-acute-head-trauma
#1
Sadegh Jafarzadeh, Akram Pourbakht, Eshagh Bahrami, Shohreh Jalaie, Arash Bayat
Introduction: Vestibular rehabilitation is a treatment option for the management of vertigo and unsteadiness, which are very common in head trauma patients and more challenging in the early months after trauma. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a vestibular rehabilitation program in the recovery of acute and sub-acute head trauma patients. The goal of this study was evaluation of the effect of early vestibular rehabilitation on patients with acute and sub-acute head trauma. Materials and Methods: This study was performed in 20 head trauma patients with vertigo and unsteadiness...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578887/visual-performance-and-perception-as-a-target-of-saccadic-strategies-in-patients-with-unilateral-vestibular-loss
#2
Gabriel Trinidad-Ruiz, Jorge Rey-Martinez, Angel Batuecas-Caletrio, Eusebi Matiño-Soler, Nicolas Perez-Fernandez
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ability of saccadic strategies developed during vestibular compensation to reduce the effect of an impaired vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) on a retinal smear and image motion sensation. DESIGN: Twenty patients with unilateral vestibular loss were examined with a video head impulse test before and after vestibular rehabilitation (VR) with the use of gaze stabilization and refixation saccades training. Head and eye velocity functions were processed to infer the retinal eccentricity, and through its correlation with visual acuity (VA), several measurements are proposed to evaluate the influence of VR on saccades behavior and visual performance...
March 23, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558230/first-report-of-the-efficacy-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-improving-function-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-2-an-observational-cohort-study-in-a-clinical-setting
#3
Beatrice Emmanouil, Katherine Browne, Dorothy Halliday, Allyson Parry
PURPOSE: Patients with Neurofibromatosis type 2 often experience debilitating neuro-otological problems which affect their mobility and balance. This study examined the efficacy of a personalised program of vestibular rehabilitation for patients with Neurofibromatosis type 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational cohort study analysing routinely collected data for 21 patients in a highly specialised Neurofibromatosis type 2 service. Vestibular rehabilitation comprised an initial one-hour assessment followed by a patient-specific exercise program reviewed in person and by email consultations...
March 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550655/precision-of-perceived-direction-of-gravity-in-partial-bilateral-vestibulopathy-correlates-with-residual-utricular-function
#4
A Bürgin, C J Bockisch, A A Tarnutzer
OBJECTIVE: Gait imbalance in patients with bilateral-vestibular-deficiency (BVD) was linked to increased variability in perceived direction of gravity while upright. We hypothesized this to be true also when roll-tilted. Moreover, as utricular input is essential for spatial orientation, we predicted the variability of perceived vertical to correlate inversely with utricular function. METHODS: Subjective visual vertical (SVV) and haptic vertical (SHV) were measured in various roll-orientations (0°/±45°/±90°) and postural adjustments along earth-vertical/earth-horizontal were collected in patients with partial BVD (n = 10) and healthy controls (n = 11)...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550250/clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-choice-in-vestibular-migraine
#5
REVIEW
L Power, W Shute, B McOwan, K Murray, D Szmulewicz
This retrospective review aims to survey the clinical characteristics and management of vestibular migraine (VM) patients seen in a tertiary hospital multi-disciplinary balance disorders clinic, and how this aligns with the evidence base in the literature. A single investigator reviewed the medical records of the patients who presented to a tertiary hospital balance disorders clinic over a four month period and identified 90 cases of VM. The mean age of patients with a diagnosis of VM was 50 years (range of 17-84) and 72 (80%) were female...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512476/vestibular-rehabilitation-using-video-gaming-in-adults-with-dizziness-a-pilot-study
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J S Phillips, J Fitzgerald, D Phillis, A Underwood, I Nunney, A Bath
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation using the Wii Fit balance platform, in adults with dizziness. METHODS: A single-site prospective clinical trial was conducted in a university hospital in the UK. Forty patients with dizziness, who would normally be candidates for vestibular rehabilitation, were identified and considered as potential participants. Participants were randomised into either the treatment group (the Wii Fit group) or the control group (standard customised vestibular rehabilitation protocol)...
March 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488492/-the-compensation-of-the-vestibulo-ocular-reflex-during-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-presenting-with-vestibular-neuritis
#7
N L Kunel'skaya, E V Baibakova, A L Guseva, Ya Yu Nikitkina, M A Chugunova, E A Manaenkova
AIM: The objective of the present study was to elucidate the mechanisms behind the compensation of the vestibular ocular reflex and evaluate the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation in the patients presenting with vestibular neuritis (VN) with the application of the video head-impulse test (vHIT) and the dynamic visual acuity test (DVAT). METHODS: The study included 26 patients with vestibular neuritis whose condition was assessed by scoring based on the dizziness handicap inventory, the dynamic visual acuity test, and the video head-impulse test with the evaluation of saccades and the degree of eye-head movement coordination (gain) before and after the course of vestibular rehabilitation...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439860/peripheral-neuropathies-and-the-vestibular-system-is-there-a-role-for-vestibular-rehabilitation
#8
EDITORIAL
Eleftherios S Papathanasiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414293/physical-activity-and-disability-outcomes-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-2011-2016
#9
REVIEW
Shannon Charron, Kyla A McKay, Helen Tremlett
BACKGROUND: Physical activity may be neuroprotective in multiple sclerosis (MS). One review (2011) of exercise and MS disability was inconclusive, but highlighted the need for more studies. OBJECTIVE: To perform an updated systematic literature review examining the relationship between physical activity and physical ability outcomes in persons with MS. METHODS: EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched for original interventional studies (2011-2016) evaluating exercise on quantitative outcomes of physical disability in MS...
February 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390961/fractures-among-patients-with-dizziness-a-ten-year-follow-up
#10
Eva Ekvall Hansson, Anders Beckman
BACKGROUND: The number of elderly people persons suffering from dizziness is substantial, and dizziness is a risk factor for falls and fractures. Fall-related fractures represent a major public health issue. Longitudinal studies can help find ways of predicting fall-related fractures among frail elderly persons with multisensory dizziness. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate whether different measures of balance, being male/female or admission to hospital, could predict fracture at a ten-year follow-up in patients suffering from multisensory dizziness...
February 2, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344071/acetazolamide-a-new-treatment-for-visual-vertigo
#11
Ilya M Sluch, Michael S Elliott, Justin Dvorak, Kai Ding, Bradley K Farris
Visual vertigo is a disorder characterised by symptoms of dizziness, vertigo, unsteadiness, disorientation, and general discomfort induced by visual triggers. It is currently treated with vestibular rehabilitation therapy, with no effective pharmacotherapy available for treatment-resistant cases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of oral acetazolamide in improving symptoms of visual vertigo. A comparative case series of adult patients clinically diagnosed with visual vertigo was conducted from January 1992 to May 2015...
December 2017: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338942/international-consensus-icon-on-treatment-of-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#12
J Nevoux, M Barbara, J Dornhoffer, W Gibson, T Kitahara, V Darrouzet
OBJECTIVE: To present the international consensus for recommendations for Ménière's disease (MD) treatment. METHODS: Based on a literature review and report of 4 experts from 4 continents, the recommendations have been presented during the 21st IFOS congress in Paris, in June 2017 and are presented in this work. RESULTS: The recommendation is to change the lifestyle, to use the vestibular rehabilitation in the intercritic period and to propose psychotherapy...
February 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332630/effects-of-a-program-of-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-vestibular-rehabilitation-and-psychoeducational-explanations-on-patients-with-dizziness-and-no-quantified-balance-deficit-compared-to-patients-with-dizziness-and-a-quantified-balance-deficit
#13
D A Schmid, J H J Allum, M Sleptsova, S Gross, J Gaab, A Welge-Lüssen, R Schaefert, W Langewitz
BACKGROUND: We examined whether a program combining cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), vestibular rehabilitation (VR) and psychoeducation is equally effective in improving psychometric measures in patients with dizziness independent of a balance deficit. Measures of patients with dizziness only (DO) were compared to those of patients also having a quantified balance deficit (QBD). METHODS: 32 patients (23 female, 9 male) with persistent dizziness were analysed as 2 groups based on stance and gait balance control: those with QBD (pathological balance) or DO (normal balance)...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208729/persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness-pppd-a-common-characteristic-and-treatable-cause-of-chronic-dizziness
#14
REVIEW
Stoyan Popkirov, Jeffrey P Staab, Jon Stone
Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) is a newly defined diagnostic syndrome that unifies key features of chronic subjective dizziness, phobic postural vertigo and related disorders. It describes a common chronic dysfunction of the vestibular system and brain that produces persistent dizziness, non-spinning vertigo and/or unsteadiness. The disorder constitutes a long-term maladaptation to a neuro-otological, medical or psychological event that triggered vestibular symptoms, and is usefully considered within the spectrum of other functional neurological disorders...
February 2018: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125531/posturographic-pattern-of-patients-with-chronic-subjective-dizziness-before-and-after-vestibular-rehabilitation
#15
Benoît Morisod, Maxime Mermod, Raphaël Maire
INTRODUCTION: Chronic subjective dizziness (CSD) is frequently encountered in neurotology clinics. This diagnosis is mainly clinical, but computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) could be a helpful instrumental tool in the identification of these patients and validation of the treatment. This study was aimed to look for a specific posturographic pattern among patients diagnosed with CSD, and to eventually visualize improvement after vestibular rehabilitation. METHODS: Single center, retrospective review from 2009 to 2014...
2018: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125530/the-impact-of-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-on-subjective-and-objective-outcome-measures-in-individuals-with-vestibular-disorders
#16
Sara G MacDowell, Rachel Wellons, Ashlen Bissell, Lisa Knecht, Caitlin Naquin, Aryn Karpinski
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common in individuals with vestibular disorders and anecdotally symptoms of these disorders have been associated with poorer scores on subjective outcome measures of dizziness and balance. It is unknown if symptoms of psychological distress impact individual outcomes with vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT). OBJECTIVE: To compare subjective and objective outcome measures in subjects with vestibular disorders who have symptoms of anxiety and/or depression to those who do not exhibit those symptoms...
2018: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110566/predicting-the-outcome-after-acute-unilateral-vestibulopathy-analysis-of-vestibulo-ocular-reflex-gain-and-catch-up-saccades
#17
Niccolò Cerchiai, Elena Navari, Stefano Sellari-Franceschini, Chiara Re, Augusto Pietro Casani
Objectives (1) To describe the relationships among the main instrumental features characterizing an acute unilateral vestibulopathy and (2) to clarify the role of the video head impulse test in predicting the development of chronic vestibular insufficiency. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary referral center. Subjects and Methods Sixty patients suffering from acute unilateral vestibulopathy were retrospectively analyzed: 30 who recovered spontaneously (group 1) and 30 who needed a vestibular rehabilitation program (group 2)...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018011/balance-versus-hearing-after-cochlear-implant-in-an-adult
#18
Oz Zur, Hadas Ben-Rubi Shimron, Gerry Leisman, Eli Carmeli
The effect of vestibular rehabilitation (VR) on anxiety, dizziness and poor balance that developed after cochlear implant (CI) surgery is described. A 54-year-old woman, with profound hearing loss since the age of 2 years, underwent right CI surgery 2 years previously. On implant activation, the patient immediately felt dizziness and imbalance, which affected the ability to perform activities of daily living and increased anxiety to where the patient considered the CI removal. Prior to VR the patient was evaluated with the Dizziness Handicap Inventory and the Visual Vertigo Dizziness Questionnaire and clinically with the Zur Balance Scale and Video Head Impulse Test...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981340/vestibular-consequences-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-blast-exposure-a-review
#19
Faith W Akin, Owen D Murnane, Courtney D Hall, Kristal M Riska
The purpose of this article is to review relevant literature on the effect of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and blast injury on the vestibular system. Dizziness and imbalance are common sequelae associated with mTBI, and in some individuals, these symptoms may last for six months or longer. In war-related injuries, mTBI is often associated with blast exposure. The causes of dizziness or imbalance following mTBI and blast injuries have been linked to white matter abnormalities, diffuse axonal injury in the brain, and central and peripheral vestibular system damage...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965306/current-treatment-options-vestibular-migraine
#20
REVIEW
Clinton G Lauritsen, Michael J Marmura
Vestibular migraine (VM) is a disorder with a spectrum of clinical presentations and among the most common causes of chronic vestibular symptoms. Some present with attacks before or during typical migraine, but many others have fluctuating or daily symptoms. While the symptoms and pathogenesis of vestibular migraine may have elements of both central and peripheral disorders, hearing loss should be absent. VM typically worsens with activity and head movements in general, and encompasses symptoms of vertigo, disequilibrium, or imbalance...
September 30, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
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