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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700746/exploring-an-in-situ-led-illuminated-isothermal-micro-calorimetric-method-to-investigating-the-thermodynamic-behavior-of-chlorella-vulgaris-during-co-2-bio-fixation
#1
Mohammad Russel, Changrui Liu, Asraful Alam, Fei Wang, Jun Yao, Maurycy Daroch, Mahfuzur Rahman Shah, Zhongming Wang
Much endeavor has been dispensed recently to evaluate the potential of CO2 mitigation by microalgae. We introduce an alternative, novel, LED-illumination isothermal microcalorimetric method to assess the thermodynamic behaviors of microalgae for better understanding of their carbon sequestration capacity. Microalgae thermodynamic behaviors were recorded as power-time curves, and their indices such as total heat evolution (Q T ), maximum power output (Pmax ) and heat generated by per algae cell (J N/Q ) were obtained...
April 26, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554361/last-double-check-a-comprehensive-pre-regional-checklist-for-the-busy-institution
#2
Angelica G Mancone, Alyssa R Dickey, Brian M Fitzgerald, Gregory P Kraus, Sandeep T Dhanjal
Introduction: Wrong site peripheral nerve blocks are included in the National Quality Forum and Joint Commission's category of "never event." Multiple attempts have been made by various groups in an effort to eliminate these events. Prior attempts to eliminate these never events include the Regional Block Preprocedural Checklist provided by the American Society of Regional Anesthesia (ASRA) taskforce. Following a series of errors involving anticoagulation prior to regional anesthesia, our department saw a need for a more comprehensive checklist...
March 15, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551946/bio-functionalized-gold-nanoparticles-benign-effect-in-sprague-dawley-rats-by-intravenous-administration
#3
Asra Parveen, Vijaykumar B Malashetty, Bhagavanraju Mantripragada, Manjunath S Yalagatti, Venkataraman Abbaraju, Raghunandan Deshpande
Gold nanoparticles offer a great promise in clinical research. Despite various applications of the metal nanoparticles it is challenging to implement in vivo in clinical applications . This aspect is deprived of understanding the biological mechanisms that occurs in the cells. In this report we have evaluated application of AuNP on the safety profile at different doses (100, 200, and 500 μg/kg Bwt/day) on intravenous administration in rats regularly for 28 days. The study was performed based on the OECD test guideline 407...
December 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428266/duraplasty-using-amniotic-membrane-versus-temporal-muscle-fascia-a-clinical-comparative-study
#4
Agus Turchan, Taufiq Fatchur Rochman, Arie Ibrahim, Dyah Fauziah, Joni Wahyuhadi, M Arifin Parenrengi, Asra Al Fauzi, Erliano Sufarnap, Abdul Hafid Bajamal, Ferdiansyah, Heri Suroto, Purwati, Fedik Abdul Rantam, Adanti Wido Paramadini, Christianto Benjamin Lumenta
In the field of neurosurgery, often the dura mater cannot be sutured, and consequently, it requires a duraplasty procedure using a dural fascial graft. Since 1890, various materials have been researched as dura mater substitutes. Amniotic membrane, for example, is suitable as a dural graft material and has been used in neurosurgery since 2012. However, there has been little research on human patient's dural healing after the use of amniotic membrane in their duraplasty procedure. To address this gap, a clinical experimental study was undertaken to evaluate the human dural healing of 16 patients who had undergone duraplasty in decompressive craniectomy surgery at Dr...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356775/the-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-checklist-for-managing-local-anesthetic-systemic-toxicity-2017-version
#5
Joseph M Neal, Crystal M Woodward, T Kyle Harrison
The American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) periodically revises and updates its checklist for the management of local anesthetic systemic toxicity. The 2017 update replaces the 2012 version and reflects new information contained in the third ASRA Practice Advisory on Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity. Electronic copies of the ASRA checklist can be downloaded from the ASRA Web site (www.asra.com) for inclusion in local anesthetic toxicity rescue kits or perioperative checklist repositories...
February 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319604/the-european-society-of-regional-anaesthesia-and-pain-therapy-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-recommendations-on-local-anesthetics-and-adjuvants-dosage-in-pediatric-regional-anesthesia
#6
Santhanam Suresh, Claude Ecoffey, Adrian Bosenberg, Per-Anne Lonnqvist, Gildasio S de Oliveira, Oscar de Leon Casasola, José de Andrés, Giorgio Ivani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dosage of local anesthetics (LAs) used for regional anesthesia in children is not well determined. In order to evaluate and come to a consensus regarding some of these controversial topics, The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy (ESRA) and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) developed a Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Local Anesthetics and Adjuvants Dosage in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia. METHODS: Representatives from both ASRA and ESRA composed the joint committee practice advisory...
February 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279743/prevalence-of-lumbosacral-transitional-vertebra-in-individuals-with-low-back-pain-evaluation-using-plain-radiography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
Asra Shaikh, Sohail Ahmed Khan, Munawar Hussain, Sadia Soomro, Hatem Adel, Syed Omair Adil, Farheen Huda, Usman Khanzada
Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Purpose: To determine the frequency of lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV) in patients with low back pain (LBP) and the role of iliolumbar ligament (ILL) origin from L5 in LSTV cases. Overview of Literature: Transitional vertebrae are developmental variants of the spine. LSTV is a common congenital abnormality, and failure to recognize this anomaly may result in serious consequences during surgery...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278603/interventional-spine-and-pain-procedures-in-patients-on-antiplatelet-and-anticoagulant-medications-second-edition-guidelines-from-the-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-the-european-society-of-regional-anaesthesia-and-pain-therapy-the
#8
Samer Narouze, Honorio T Benzon, David Provenzano, Asokumar Buvanendran, José De Andres, Timothy Deer, Richard Rauck, Marc A Huntoon
The American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) 2012 survey of meeting attendees showed that existing ASRA anticoagulation guidelines for regional anesthesia were insufficient for their needs. Those surveyed agreed that procedure-specific and patient-specific factors required separate guidelines for pain and spine procedures. In response, a guidelines committee was formed. After preliminary review of published complications reports and studies, the committee stratified interventional spine and pain procedures according to potential bleeding risk: low-, intermediate-, and high-risk procedures...
April 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215375/pushing-critical-thinking-skills-with-multiple-choice-questions-does-bloom-s-taxonomy-work
#9
Nikki L Bibler Zaidi, Karri L Grob, Seetha M Monrad, Joshua B Kurtz, Andrew Tai, Asra Z Ahmed, Larry D Gruppen, Sally A Santen
Medical school assessments should foster the development of higher-order thinking skills to support clinical reasoning and a solid foundation of knowledge. Multiple-choice questions (MCQs) are commonly used to assess student learning, and well-written MCQs can support learner engagement in higher levels of cognitive reasoning such as application or synthesis of knowledge. Bloom's taxonomy has been used to identify MCQs that assess students' critical thinking skills, with evidence suggesting that higher-order MCQs support a deeper conceptual understanding of scientific process skills...
December 5, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202790/depression-point-prevalence-and-risk-factors-in-a-north-cyprus-household-adult-cross-sectional-study
#10
Mehmet Çakıcı, Özlem Gökçe, Asra Babayiğit, Ebru Çakıcı, Ayhan Eş
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common diagnosed psychiatric disorders in the world. Besides individual risk factors, it is also found that environment and socio-cultural factors are the other main risk factors for depression. In this article, the results of the 2016 national household survey of depression in North Cyprus (NC) are presented. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence and possible risk factors of depression in NC households. METHODS: The study was conducted between April and June 2016, the sample consisting of Turkish-speaking individuals between 18 and 88 years of age living permanently in NC...
December 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135886/interpreting-the-mint-randomized-trials-evaluating-radiofrequency-ablation-for-lumbar-facet-and-sacroiliac-joint-pain-a-call-from-asra-for-better-education-study-design-and-performance
#11
David A Provenzano, Asokumar Buvanendran, Oscar A de León-Casasola, Samer Narouze, Steven P Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080824/prediction-of-arsenic-and-antimony-transporter-major-intrinsic-proteins-from-the-genomes-of-crop-plants
#12
Abul Kalam Azad, Jahed Ahmed, Md Asraful Alum, Md Mahbub Hasan, Takahiro Ishikawa, Yoshihiro Sawa
Major intrinsic proteins (MIPs), commonly known as aquaporins, transport water and non-polar small solutes. Comparing the 3D models and the primary selectivity-related motifs (two Asn-Pro-Ala (NPA) regions, the aromatic/arginine (ar/R) selectivity filter, and Froger's positions (FPs)) of all plant MIPs that have been experimentally proven to transport arsenic (As) and antimony (Sb), some substrate-specific signature sequences (SSSS) or specificity determining sites (SDPs) have been predicted. These SSSS or SDPs were determined in 543 MIPs found in the genomes of 12 crop plants; the As and Sb transporters were predicted to be distributed in noduline-26 like intrinsic proteins (NIPs), and every plant had one or several As and Sb transporter NIPs...
February 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056248/concise-syntheses-and-hcv-ns5b-polymerase-inhibition-of-2-r-3-and-2-s-2-ethynyluridine-10-and-related-nucleosides
#13
Frank Bennett, Alexei V Buevich, Hsueh-Cheng Huang, Vinay Girijavallabhan, Angela D Kerekes, Yuhua Huang, Asra Malikzay, Elizabeth Smith, Eric Ferrari, Mary Senior, Rebecca Osterman, Lingyan Wang, Jun Wang, Haiyan Pu, Quang T Truong, Paul Tawa, Stephane L Bogen, Ian W Davies, Ann E Weber
(2'R)-Ethynyl uridine 3, and its (2'S)-diastereomer 10, are synthesised in a divergent fashion from the inexpensive parent nucleoside. Both nucleoside analogues are obtained from a total of 5 simple synthetic steps and 3 trivial column chromatography purifications. To evaluate their effectiveness against HCV NS5B polymerase, the nucleosides were converted to their respective 5'-O-triphosphates. Subsequently, this lead to the discovery of the 2'-β-ethynyl 18 and -propynyl 20 nucleotides having significantly improved potency over Sofosbuvir triphosphate 24...
December 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040146/the-role-of-preoperative-imaging-in-the-management-of-nonsyndromic-lambdoid-craniosynostosis
#14
Kavitha Ranganathan, Antonio Rampazzo, Asra Hashmi, Karin Muraszko, Jennifer Strahle, Christian J Vercler, Steven R Buchman
BACKGROUND: The necessity of imaging for patients with craniosynostosis is controversial. Lambdoid synostosis is known to be associated with additional anomalies, but the role of imaging in this setting has not been established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of preoperative imaging on intraoperative and postoperative management among patients undergoing operative intervention for lambdoid craniosynostosis. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing cranial vault remodeling for lambdoid craniosynostosis between January 2006 and 2014 was conducted...
January 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979577/methodologies-in-orthodontic-pain-management-a-review
#15
Asra Sabir Hussain, Meteib Joraib Al Toubity, Wael Y Elias
INTRODUCTION: Patients experience pain and discomfort during active orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Pain is considered a subjective response to noxious stimuli. It can vary from person to person and is influenced by certain factors such as age, gender, previous pain experiences, stress or anxiety, and type of appliance. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this literature review was to discuss conventional versus recently introduced treatment modalities used in pain management for orthodontic patients...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868190/upward-migration-and-peroral-extrusion-of-a-peritoneal-shunt-catheter-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Asra Al Fauzi, Wihasto Suryaningtyas, Joni Wahyuhadi, M Arifin Parenrengi, Agus Turchan, Maria C Wijaya, Michael Jonatan, Mahyudanil, Hanis Setyono
BACKGROUND: Various complications after ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt surgery have been reported, but peroral extrusion of peritoneal catheter is an extremely rare complication, and only 20 cases have been reported since 1987. The pathophysiology still remains unclear and the management is challenging. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 5-year-old boy presented with a catheter coming out of his mouth. The boy had a posterior fossa tumor surgery and had VP shunt insertion 1 year earlier...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856072/association-of-zika-virus-with-myocarditis-heart-failure-and-arrhythmias-a-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Abdul M Minhas, Asra Nayab, Shobana Iyer, Mehek Narmeen, Kaneez Fatima, Muhammad S Khan, Jonathan Constantin
As the concerns regarding Zika virus (ZIKV) are mostly of neurological disorders, especially in neonates and infants, other possible threats of the virus may have been overlooked. Our study focuses on the potential threat that ZIKV may pose to the heart like that of similar arboviral diseases. We conducted a literature search of multiple terms in March 2017 using the search engines, PubMed, Embase, and SCOPUS. Articles were then reviewed by two independent reviewers, adhering strictly to our review criteria...
June 27, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846841/charge-carriers-modulate-the-bonding-of-semiconductor-nanoparticle-dopants-as-revealed-by-time-resolved-x-ray-spectroscopy
#18
Asra Hassan, Xiaoyi Zhang, Xiaohan Liu, Clare E Rowland, Ali M Jawaid, Soma Chattopadhyay, Ahmet Gulec, Armen Shamirian, Xiaobing Zuo, Robert F Klie, Richard D Schaller, Preston T Snee
Understanding the electronic structure of doped semiconductors is essential to realize advancements in electronics and in the rational design of nanoscale devices. Reported here are the results of time-resolved X-ray absorption studies on copper-doped cadmium sulfide nanoparticles that provide an explicit description of the electronic dynamics of the dopants. The interaction of a dopant ion and an excess charge carrier is unambiguously observed via monitoring the oxidation state. The experimental data combined with DFT calculations demonstrate that dopant bonding to the host matrix is modulated by its interaction with charge carriers...
October 24, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807891/a-collaborative-approach-to-identifying-social-media-markers-of-schizophrenia-by-employing-machine-learning-and-clinical-appraisals
#19
Michael L Birnbaum, Sindhu Kiranmai Ernala, Asra F Rizvi, Munmun De Choudhury, John M Kane
BACKGROUND: Linguistic analysis of publicly available Twitter feeds have achieved success in differentiating individuals who self-disclose online as having schizophrenia from healthy controls. To date, limited efforts have included expert input to evaluate the authenticity of diagnostic self-disclosures. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to move from noisy self-reports of schizophrenia on social media to more accurate identification of diagnoses by exploring a human-machine partnered approach, wherein computational linguistic analysis of shared content is combined with clinical appraisals...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775208/a-multikinase-and-dna-pk-inhibitor-combination-immunomodulates-melanomas-suppresses-tumor-progression-and-enhances-immunotherapies
#20
Alexander K Tsai, Asra Y Khan, Christina E Worgo, Lucy L Wang, Yuanyuan Liang, Eduardo Davila
Combination therapies have the potential to improve outcomes in melanoma patients but have not yet been clinically efficacious. Here, we used high-throughput flow cytometry-based screening to identify and characterize candidate therapies that might synergize with and augment T-cell immunotherapy efficacy. Two lead therapies, regorafenib (Reg) and NU7441, were selected based on their ability to alter a variety of immunomodulatory proteins, including CD55, CD73, CD155, programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR), and HLA class I in a heterogeneous panel of melanomas...
September 2017: Cancer Immunology Research
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