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polycistic ovarian syndrome

Artur Bjelica, Jelena Bjelanović, Natasa Milić, Ljiljana Mladenović Segedi, Đorde Ilić, Jelena Dimitrijević
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most frequent endocrine disturbance in the reproductive period of women's life and the most frequent cause of anovulatory infertility. Ovulation and pregnancy in patients having polycystic ovary syndrome may be a result of a wide range of therapeutic options, and the treatment assumes a gradual approach--from simple noninvasive to expensive and demanding procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic literature survey concerning the efficiency of particular ovulation induction methods in respect of the reproductive outcome was carried out with the aim of establishing the algorithm for ovulation induction in infertile patients having polycystic ovary syndrome...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
Ferdinando A Gulino, Eleonora Giuffrida, Emanuela Leonardi, Ilaria Marilli, Marco A Palumbo
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the concentration of nerve growth factor (NGF) in follicular fluid of women affected by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing to In Vitro Fertilization cycle. METHODS: In the context of an in-vivo study, a sample of 52 women was considered: 20 were without pathology (male infertility - control group) and 32 were affected by PCOS. All patients received a long stimulation protocol and the oocytes obtained by pick-up were fertilized with standard procedures of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)...
April 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
Irene María Elenitza
Psychotropic drugs affect the regulatory mechanisms of different neuroendocrine axis. This chapter reviews the interactions between psychotropic drugs and prolactin, the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis and the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Hyperprolactinemia can cause galactorrhea, amenorrhea, sexual disfunction, impaired spermatogenesis and increased risk for osteoporosis and fractures. Atypical antipsychotics cause less hyperprolactinemia than conventional antipsychotics. Lithium has important effects on thyroid function...
January 2005: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
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