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Autoimmune nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885599/naringenin-is-an-inhibitor-of-t-cell-effector-functions
#1
Xinli Niu, Chunfang Wu, Mengyue Li, Qing Zhao, Simin Nikbin Meydani, Junpeng Wang, Dayong Wu
Selective inhibition of T cells has been implied to prevent and/or treat autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Some food compounds that have such immune-modulating functions may serve as nutritional approach to this purpose. In this study, we chose naringenin, a citrus fruits-derived compound with antiinflammatory property, to test this possibility. In this in vitro study, we stimulated mouse T cells with anti-CD3/CD28 (polyclonal TCR activation) or autoantigen MOG35-55 in the presence of naringenin. We found that naringenin dose-dependently suppressed anti-CD3/CD28 and MOG35-55 -induced T cell proliferation, production of T cell cytokines IFN-γ, IL-17, IL-6 and TNF-α...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874476/early-life-food-nutrition-microbiota-maturation-and-immune-development-shape-life-long-health
#2
Xiaoli Zhou, Lina Du, Ronghua Shi, Zhidong Chen, Yiming Zhou, Zongjie Li
The current knowledge about early-life nutrition and environmental factors that affect the interaction between the symbiotic microbiota and the host immune system has demonstrated novel regulatory target for treating allergic diseases, autoimmune disorders and metabolic syndrome. Various kinds of food nutrients (such as dietary fiber, starch, polyphenols and proteins) can provide energy resources for both intestinal microbiota and the host. The indigestible food components are fermented by the indigenous gut microbiota to produce diverse metabolites, including short-chain fatty acids, bile acids and trimethylamine-N-oxide, which can regulate the host metabolized physiology, immunity homeostasis and health state...
June 6, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868016/changes-in-nutritional-status-impact-immune-cell-metabolism-and-function
#3
REVIEW
Yazan Alwarawrah, Kaitlin Kiernan, Nancie J MacIver
Immune cell function and metabolism are closely linked. Many studies have now clearly demonstrated that alterations in cellular metabolism influence immune cell function and that, conversely, immune cell function determines the cellular metabolic state. Less well understood, however, are the effects of systemic metabolism or whole organism nutritional status on immune cell function and metabolism. Several studies have demonstrated that undernutrition is associated with immunosuppression, which leads to both increased susceptibility to infection and protection against several types of autoimmune disease, whereas overnutrition is associated with low-grade, chronic inflammation that increases the risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disease, promotes autoreactivity, and disrupts protective immunity...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858750/a-comprehensive-review-of-celiac-disease-gluten-sensitive-enteropathies
#4
REVIEW
Brian P McAllister, Emmanuelle Williams, Kofi Clarke
Celiac disease is a complex immune-mediated gluten-sensitive enteropathy with protean clinical manifestations. It is manifest in genetically predisposed individuals who ingest gluten in varying amounts. In broad terms, it is thought to affect 1% of the population in the USA. More specifically, the prevalence increases drastically from 1:133 in patients not-at-risk, to 1:56 in symptomatic patients, to 1:39 in patients with a second-degree relative with the diagnosis, and to 1:22 in patients with a first-degree relative with the diagnosis...
June 2, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783682/heat-shock-gene-inactivation-and-protein-aggregation-with-links-to-chronic-diseases
#5
Ian James Martins
The heat shock response involved in protein misfolding is linked to the formation of toxic immunogenic proteins with heat shock proteins (HSP) as regulators of amyloid beta aggregation. The defective amyloid beta trafficking between different intracellular compartments is now relevant to HSPs and autoimmunity. Overnutrition, temperature dysregulation, and stress repress the heat shock gene Sirtuin 1 with the induction of HSP regulated amyloid beta aggregation involved in the autoimmune response. Defective circadian rhythm alterations are connected to inactivation of the peripheral sink amyloid beta clearance pathway and related to insulin resistance, protein aggregation, and autoimmune disease in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and various neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease...
May 18, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781731/neuropsychologists-as-primary-care-providers-of-cognitive-health-a-novel-comprehensive-cognitive-wellness-service-delivery-model
#6
Patricia A Pimental, John B O'Hara, Jessica L Jandak
By virtue of their extensive knowledge base and specialized training in brain-behavior relationships, neuropsychologists are especially poised to execute a unique broad-based approach to overall cognitive wellness and should be viewed as primary care providers of cognitive health. This article will describe a novel comprehensive cognitive wellness service delivery model including cognitive health, anti-aging, lifelong wellness, and longevity-oriented practices. These practice areas include brain-based cognitive wellness, emotional and spiritually centric exploration, and related multimodality health interventions...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780579/managing-portal-hypertension-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#7
REVIEW
Tilman Sauerbruch, Robert Schierwagen, Jonel Trebicka
Portal hypertension is one cause and a part of a dynamic process triggered by chronic liver disease, mostly induced by alcohol or incorrect nutrition and less often by viral infections and autoimmune or genetic disease. Adequate staging - continuously modified by current knowledge - should guide the prevention and treatment of portal hypertension with defined endpoints. The main goals are interruption of etiology and prevention of complications followed, if necessary, by treatment of these. For the past few decades, shunts, mostly as intrahepatic stent bypass between portal and hepatic vein branches, have played an important role in the prevention of recurrent bleeding and ascites formation, although their impact on survival remains ambiguous...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779929/prescription-medication-use-and-antinuclear-antibodies-in-the-united-states-1999-2004
#8
Gregg E Dinse, Christine G Parks, Helen C S Meier, Caroll A Co, Edward K L Chan, Todd A Jusko, James Yeh, Frederick W Miller
BACKGROUND: Clinical reports link specific medications with the development of antinuclear antibodies (ANA), but population-based evidence is limited. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated associations between prescription medication use and ANA in a representative sample of the adult noninstitutionalized US population, first focusing on medications previously related to ANA and then considering all medications reported in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752697/biofortification-of-safflower-an-oil-seed-crop-engineered-for-ala-targeting-better-sustainability-and-plant-based-omega-3-fatty-acids
#9
Arti Rani, Asha Panwar, Manjary Sathe, Karunakara Alageri Chandrashekhara, Anil Kush
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) deficiency and a skewed n6:n3 fatty acid ratio in the diet is a major explanation for the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. There is mounting evidence of the health benefits associated with omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC PUFA's). Although present in abundance in fish, a number of factors limit our consumption of fish based omega-3 PUFA's. To name a few, overexploitation of wild fish stocks has reduced their sustainability due to increased demand of aquaculture for fish oil and meal; the pollution of marine food webs has raised concerns over the ingestion of toxic substances such as heavy metals and dioxins; vegetarians do not consider fish-based sources for supplemental nutrition...
May 11, 2018: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739471/vitamin-d-in-pediatric-age-consensus-of-the-italian-pediatric-society-and-the-italian-society-of-preventive-and-social-pediatrics-jointly-with-the-italian-federation-of-pediatricians
#10
REVIEW
Giuseppe Saggese, Francesco Vierucci, Flavia Prodam, Fabio Cardinale, Irene Cetin, Elena Chiappini, Gian Luigi De' Angelis, Maddalena Massari, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Diego Peroni, Luigi Terracciano, Rino Agostiniani, Domenico Careddu, Daniele Giovanni Ghiglioni, Gianni Bona, Giuseppe Di Mauro, Giovanni Corsello
Vitamin D plays a pivotal role in the regulation of calcium-phosphorus metabolism, particularly during pediatric age when nutritional rickets and impaired bone mass acquisition may occur.Besides its historical skeletal functions, in the last years it has been demonstrated that vitamin D directly or indirectly regulates up to 1250 genes, playing so-called extraskeletal actions. Indeed, recent data suggest a possible role of vitamin D in the pathogenesis of several pathological conditions, including infectious, allergic and autoimmune diseases...
May 8, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713861/the-increasing-importance-of-environmental-conditions-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#11
REVIEW
Javier Riancho, Pilar Bosque-Varela, Sara Perez-Pereda, Mónica Povedano, Adolfo López de Munaín, Ana Santurtun
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most common neurodegenerative disease affecting motor neurons (MNs). Although a small percentage of ALS has a familial origin, the vast majority of cases are sporadic in which genetic factors and environment interact with each other leading to disease onset in genetically predisposed individuals. In the current model of the disease, each individual has a determined genetic load, some degree of cell degeneration related to age and several risky environmental exposures...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704914/celiac-disease-and-non-celiac-gluten-or-wheat-sensitivity-and-health-in-later-life-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Eirini Bathrellou, Meropi D Kontogianni, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
Celiac disease (CD) and non-gluten (or wheat) sensitivity (NCGS) are two gluten-related disorders, the treatment of which relies on dietary withdrawal of gluten (absolute and lifelong in the case of CD patients). However, these conditions differ in their pathophysiology and impact on health. CD is an autoimmune disorder of the intestine, and is associated with a wide range of disorders, pre- and post-diagnosis. Its autoimmune and inflammatory nature raises concerns about its potential effects on mortality and morbidity...
June 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704913/effects-of-oral-contraceptives-on-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-korean-menopausal-women-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#13
Han Saem Jeong, Soon Jun Hong, Sung Jae Choi, Jae-Hoon Kim, Gwan Gyu Song, Jae Hyun Jung
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease with a multifactorial etiology. The higher prevalence of RA in women than in men may originate from differences in sex hormone levels or types. Ethnicity may interact with hormonal factors to produce various observed differences in the prevalence of RA. Oral contraceptives (OCs) are a source of exogenous sex hormones and can affect the prevalence of RA. We investigated the effects of OCs on RA in Korean menopausal women using a national data set...
June 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690884/capsaicin-enriched-diet-ameliorates-autoimmune-neuritis-in-rats
#14
Jeremias Motte, Björn Ambrosius, Thomas Grüter, Hussein Bachir, Melissa Sgodzai, Xiomara Pedreiturria, Kalliopi Pitarokoili, Ralf Gold
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune neuropathies are common PNS disorders and effective treatment is challenging. Environmental influence and dietary components are known to affect the course of autoimmune diseases. Capsaicin as pungent component of chili-peppers is common in human nutrition. An influence of capsaicin on autoimmune diseases has been postulated. METHODS: We tested capsaicin in the animal model of experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) in Lewis rat. Rats were immunized with P2-peptide and were treated with capsaicin in different preventive settings...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682446/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-myelofibrosis-a-case-report-and-revision-of-literature
#15
F Del Porto, C Tatarelli, A Di Napoli, M Proietta
Blood cytopenia represents one of the diagnostic criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and may occur as the first symptom of the disease. Antibody-mediated peripheral destruction of blood cells is the main cause of cytopenia observed in patients affected by SLE, however, inflammatory anemia, nutritional deficiencies, immunosuppressive therapy and, more rarely, myelofibrosis (MF) have also been documented. In the literature, 45 cases of autoimmune MF (AIMF) and SLE have been previously reported. Here the 46 th case of a 43-year-old female with a SLE and an underhand cytopenia, with a review of the literature...
2018: Leukemia Research Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626026/dilated-cardiomyopathy-as-the-first-presentation-of-coeliac-disease-association-or-causation
#16
Peysh Patel, Fraser Smith, Niamh Kilcullen, Nigel Artis
Global ventricular impairment is a frequent presentation in clinical practice, but dissection of causative mechanisms from clinical associations is challenging. We present the case of a 19-year-old man who presented with dilated cardiomyopathy as the first presentation of coeliac disease. The manifestation of iron deficiency anaemia prompted gastroenterology input and enabled accurate diagnosis. It is unclear whether coeliac disease was simply coexistent or directly implicated in pathophysiology. Mechanisms may relate to nutritional deficiencies or autoimmune myocarditis arising from cross-reactivity...
March 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623708/-gut-microbiota-its-development-and-relation-to-certain-diseases
#17
Hana Kiňová Sepová, Boris Dudík, Andrea Bilková
Coexistence of humans with microorganisms is well known for a long time. Besides the association with infectious diseases, personal microbiota is important for human health, possibly for some non-infectious diseases. Colonization of the human body with appropriate microorganisms after delivery is essential for physiological immune system maturation and also has an influence on central nervous system development. The composition of the gut microbiota is affected by the mode of delivery, early life nutrition and last but not least by lifestyle and drug, especially antibiotics intake...
2018: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604104/serum-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-levels-and-smoking-status-data-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-vi
#18
Suyeon Park, Won Gu Kim, Min Ji Jeon, Mijin Kim, Hye-Seon Oh, Minkyu Han, Tae Yong Kim, Young Kee Shong, Won Bae Kim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate differences in serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels according to smoking status and urine iodine concentration (UIC) in a healthy Korean population using data from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI). STUDY DESIGN: Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013-2015) is a nationwide, cross-sectional survey of the Korean population. PATIENTS: Research subjects were selected by two-stage stratified cluster sampling of the population and housing census data...
June 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588555/insulin-autoimmune-syndrome-a-rare-case-of-hypoglycaemia-resolving-with-immunosuppression
#19
A Hunter, U Graham, J R Lindsay
We report a case of a 58-year-old male presenting with confusion and hypoglycaemia. There had been no prior exposure to oral hypoglycaemic agents or insulin. He was found to have inappropriate endogenous hyperinsulinaemia. Insulinoma was excluded by detailed endocrine assessment. Insulin antibodies were positive in keeping with a diagnosis of insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS). He was treated with prednisolone 5mg once daily and nutritional supplements leading to resolution of acute confusion and hypoglycaemic episodes...
January 2018: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516448/-autistic-regression-clinical-and-aetiological-aspects
#20
V L Ruggieri, C L Arberas
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders are neurodevelopmental dysfunctions that are characterised by deficits in social integration and communication, associated with restricted interests and stereotypic behaviour. A high percentage are related to language disorders, sensory dysfunctions, attention deficit disorder, bipolarity, intellectual disability or epilepsy, among other comorbidities. It is estimated that around 30% of children with autism, with typical early development, may present regression in the first years of life, which was already reported by Kanner in one of his original cases...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
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