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Autoimmune nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023380/the-gut-microbiome-feelings-of-the-brain-a-perspective-for-non-microbiologists
#1
REVIEW
Aaron Lerner, Sandra Neidhöfer, Torsten Matthias
Objectives: To comprehensively review the scientific knowledge on the gut-brain axis. Methods: Various publications on the gut-brain axis, until 31 July 2017, were screened using the Medline, Google, and Cochrane Library databases. The search was performed using the following keywords: "gut-brain axis", "gut-microbiota-brain axis", "nutrition microbiome/microbiota", "enteric nervous system", "enteric glial cells/network", "gut-brain pathways", "microbiome immune system", "microbiome neuroendocrine system" and "intestinal/gut/enteric neuropeptides"...
October 12, 2017: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979790/differential-diagnosis-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-latin-america
#2
REVIEW
Y D Fragoso, F G Elso, A Carrá
Improvement of multiple sclerosis (MS) diagnoses leads to earlier and correct disease management. The differential diagnostic workup for MS comprises a large variety of medical conditions. There are general guidelines and criteria for diagnosing MS worldwide, but awareness of regional differences needs to be kept in mind. Latin American patients who are screened for MS diagnoses may require an approach that is not exactly the same as that used for patients in North America, western Europe or Asia. In the present review, the conditions that are important for the differential diagnoses of MS in Latin America are reviewed...
July 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936757/vitamin-d-deficiency-affects-thyroid-autoimmunity-and-dysfunction-in-iodine-replete-area-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#3
Mijin Kim, Eyun Song, Hye-Seon Oh, Suyeon Park, Hyemi Kwon, Min Ji Jeon, Won Gu Kim, Won Bae Kim, Young Kee Shong, Tae Yong Kim
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of vitamin D levels and iodine intake on thyroid autoimmunity and dysfunction in the Korean population. METHODS: In this nationwide population-based study, data were obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI-1 and 2 (2013 and 2014), which was the first nationwide survey that measured both serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and urinary iodine concentrations (UICs) in Korea. A total of 4181 participants who underwent laboratory tests for thyroid function, serum 25(OH)D levels, and UICs were included...
September 21, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#4
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911140/parity-and-risk-of-thyroid-autoimmunity-based-on-the-nhanes-2001-2002-2007-2008-2009-2010-and-2011-2012
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marelle Yehuda, Chia-Hao Wang, Youngju Pak, Ken C Chiu, Andrew G Gianoukakis
Context: Autoimmune thyroid disease is more common in women than in men. Fetal microchimerism has been implicated as a potential explanation for this disparity. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between parity and thyroid autoimmunity in the US population. Design, Setting, Patients: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was used to identify females with antithyroperoxidase (TPOAb) and antithyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) measurements and parity data...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901336/vitamin-d-and-probiotics-supplement-use-in-young-children-with-genetic-risk-for-type-1-diabetes
#6
J Yang, R N Tamura, U M Uusitalo, C A Aronsson, K Silvis, A Riikonen, N Frank, G Joslowski, C Winkler, J M Norris, S M Virtanen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D and probiotics are nutrients of interest in the context of type 1 diabetes (T1D). We assessed the prevalence of and factors associated with vitamin D and probiotic supplementations among young children with genetic risk of T1D. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Use of supplements during the first 2 years of life was collected prospectively from 8674 children in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. RESULTS: Single and/or multivitamin/mineral (MVM) supplements were reported by 81% of the children...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892904/morphologic-spectrum-of-duodenal-biopsies-in-malabsorption-a-study-from-southern-india
#7
Priyavadhana Balasubramanian, Bhawana Ashok Badhe, Rajesh Nachiappa Ganesh, Lakshmi C Panicker, Pazhanivel Mohan
INTRODUCTION: Duodenal endoscopic biopsy is a common investigation for various non-neoplastic conditions. Malabsorption is a common indication for duodenal biopsy in our setting. AIM: Our study was undertaken to study the morphologic spectrum of non-neoplastic conditions of duodenum emphasizing on Intraepithelial Lymphocytes (IELs) and to have a clinico-pathologic correlation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832573/effects-of-l-carnitine-supplementation-on-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-antioxidant-capacity-and-lipid-profile-in-patients-with-pemphigus-vulgaris-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
H Mohammadi, M Djalali, M Daneshpazhooh, N M Honarvar, C Chams-Davatchi, F Sepandar, Z Fakhri, E Yaghubi, M Zarei, M H Javanbakht
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pemphigus vulgaris (PV), as an autoimmune disease including mucosa and the skin, is associated with several complications and comorbidities. The present study planned to determine the effect of L-carnitine (LC) supplementation on biomarkers of oxidative stress (OS), antioxidant capacity and lipid profile in PV patients.Subjects/MethodsFifty two control and patients with PV, participated in the current randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. The patients were allocated randomly to receive 2 g per day LC tartrate subdivided into two equal doses of 1 g before breakfast and dinner (n=26) or placebo (n=26) for 8 weeks...
August 23, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831136/multi-factors-including-inflammatory-immune-hormones-tumor-related-proteins-and-nutrition-associated-with-chronic-prostatitis-nih-iiia-b-and-iv-based-on-famhes-project
#9
Yang Chen, Jie Li, Yanling Hu, Haiying Zhang, Xiaobo Yang, Yonghua Jiang, Ziting Yao, Yinchun Chen, Yong Gao, Aihua Tan, Ming Liao, Zhen Lu, Chunlei Wu, Xiaoyin Xian, Suchun Wei, Zhifu Zhang, Wei Chen, Gong-Hong Wei, Qiuyan Wang, Zengnan Mo
Chronic prostatitis (CP) is a complex disease. Fragmentary evidence suggests that factors such as infection and autoimmunity might be associated with CP. To further elucidate potential risk factors, the current study utilized the Fangchenggang Area Male Health and Examination Survey (FAMHES) project; where 22 inflammatory/immune markers, hormone markers, tumor-related proteins, and nutrition-related variables were investigated. We also performed baseline, regression, discriminant, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718179/genetic-alterations-in-pendrin-slc26a4-gene-in-adult-hypothyroid-patients
#10
Sourav Mukherjee, Manalee Guha, Bidisha Adhikary, Biswabandhu Bankura, Pubali Mitra, Subhankar Chowdhury, Madhusudan Das
Current study was aimed to screen the SLC26A4 gene in 127 nonautoimmune and noncongenital hypothyroid patients, who were under optimal iodine nutrition and devoid of any characteristics of Pendred syndrome from eastern part of Indian population. 8 single nucleotide variants/mutations were identified in heterozygous state in 20% patient population, which include 1 novel nonsynonymous (p.C18S), 1 novel intronic (g.942C>A), 3 known nonsynonymous (p.S23X, p.V239D, and p.I455F), and 3 known intronic (g.23034G>T, g...
September 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708108/gut-cns-axis-as-possibility-to-modulate-inflammatory-disease-activity-implications-for-multiple-sclerosis
#11
REVIEW
Ann-Katrin Fleck, Detlef Schuppan, Heinz Wiendl, Luisa Klotz
In the last decade the role of environmental factors as modulators of disease activity and progression has received increasing attention. In contrast to classical environmental modulators such as exposure to sun-light or fine dust pollution, nutrition is an ideal tool for a personalized human intervention. Various studies demonstrate a key role of dietary factors in autoimmune diseases including Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), rheumatoid arthritis or inflammatory central nervous system (CNS) diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis (MS)...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702458/cocoa-diet-and-antibody-immune-response-in-preclinical-studies
#12
REVIEW
Mariona Camps-Bossacoma, Malen Massot-Cladera, Mar Abril-Gil, Angels Franch, Francisco J Pérez-Cano, Margarida Castell
The ability of cocoa to interact with the immune system in vitro and in vivo has been described. In the latter context, a cocoa-enriched diet in healthy rats was able to modify the immune system's functionality. This fact could be observed in the composition and functionality of lymphoid tissues, such as the thymus, spleen, and lymph nodes. Consequently, immune effector mechanisms, such as antibody synthesis, were modified. A cocoa-enriched diet in young rats was able to attenuate the serum levels of immunoglobulin (Ig) G, IgM, and IgA and also the intestinal IgM and IgA secretion...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681625/coeliac-disease-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-epidemiology-pathophysiological-mechanisms-quality-of-life-and-gluten-free-diet-effects
#13
Giulia Cossu, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Federico Contu, Quirico Mela, Luigi Demelia, Luca Elli, Bernardo Dell'Osso
Coeliac Disease (CD) is an autoimmune disease in which an environmental factor, gluten, triggers a pathological reaction. It results in intra- and entra-intestinal manifestations of disease, including, most frequently, diarrhoea, weight loss, and anaemia. CD occurs in ∼1% of the western population, being one of the most common autoimmune lifelong disorders, and may present with a variety of psychiatric comorbidities. Psychiatric comorbidity in CD often complicates the diagnosis, reduces the quality-of-life, and worsens the prognosis of affected patients...
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658542/the-nutrition-gut-microbiome-physiology-axis-and-allergic-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Craig McKenzie, Jian Tan, Laurence Macia, Charles R Mackay
Dietary and bacterial metabolites influence immune responses. This raises the question whether the increased incidence of allergies, asthma, some autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular disease, and others might relate to intake of unhealthy foods, and the decreased intake of dietary fiber. In recent years, new knowledge on the molecular mechanisms underpinning a 'diet-gut microbiota-physiology axis' has emerged to substantiate this idea. Fiber is fermented to short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), particularly acetate, butyrate, and propionate...
July 2017: Immunological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649760/immunometabolism-of-human-autoimmune-diseases-from-metabolites-to-extracellular-vesicles
#15
REVIEW
Paola de Candia, Veronica De Rosa, Vincenzo Gigantino, Gerardo Botti, Antonio Ceriello, Giuseppe Matarese
Immunometabolism focuses on the mechanisms regulating the impact of metabolism on lymphocyte activity and autoimmunity outbreak. The adipose tissue is long known to release adipokines, either pro- or anti-inflammatory factors bridging nutrition and immune function. More recently, adipocytes were discovered to also release extracellular vesicles (EVs) containing a plethora of biological molecules, including metabolites and microRNAs, which can regulate cell function/metabolism in distant tissues, suggesting that immune regulatory function by the adipose tissue may be far more complex than originally thought...
October 2017: FEBS Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646814/nutritional-management-of-metabolic-endotoxemia-a-clinical-review
#16
Benjamin I Brown
Context • Diet-induced, metabolic endotoxemia is emerging as an important contributory factor to the development of a wide range of chronic diseases, including cardiometabolic, autoimmune, psychiatric, and neurodegenerative illnesses. Emerging human clinical studies have demonstrated that diet and dietary components are potent modifiers of circulating endotoxins and can be used to reduce plasma levels significantly and improve metabolic health. Objective • The aim of the current study was to explore briefly the concept of metabolic endotoxemia and its relationship to disease development, to examine the influence of diet and dietary components on circulating endotoxins, and, finally, discuss the clinical relevance of nutritional interventions for management of metabolic endotoxemia...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572947/development-of-a-fermented-quinoa-based-beverage
#17
Fanny Emma Ludena Urquizo, Silvia Melissa García Torres, Tiina Tolonen, Mari Jaakkola, Maria Grazzia Pena-Niebuhr, Atte von Wright, Ritva Repo-Carrasco-Valencia, Hannu Korhonen, Carme Plumed-Ferrer
Quinoa is a crop that originated from the Andes. It has high nutritional value, outstanding agro-ecological adaptability, and low water requirements. Quinoa is an excellent crop alternative to help overcome food shortages, and it can also have a role in the prevention of developed world lifestyle diseases, such as type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, etc. In order to expand the traditional uses of quinoa and to provide new, healthier and more nutritious food products, a fermented quinoa-based beverage was developed...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559814/the-rare-case-of-pemphigus-vegetans-in-association-with-malnutrition-children-in-the-multidisciplinary-management
#18
Oki Suwarsa, Endang Sutedja, Hartati Purbo Dharmadji, Pramita Kusuma, July Rahardja, Reti Hindritiani, Hendra Gunawan
Pemphigus vegetans is a clinical variant of pemphigus vulgaris, accounting for 1-2% of all very rare pemphigus cases in children. The involvement of the oral mucosa in this disease is usually accompanied by severe pain that aggravates the patient's malnourished condition. Conversely, malnutrition may also reduce vulnerability towards autoimmune diseases. Although pemphigus vegetans has never been reported to develop in a child with marasmus before, we encountered a case of pemphigus vegetans in a severely malnourished patient...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549465/early-feeding-and-risk-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-case-control-study-in-a-prospective-birth-cohort
#19
Erik Kindgren, Mats Fredrikson, Johnny Ludvigsson
BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is considered to be an autoimmune disease, but the etiology is unknown. We decided to study the influence of early nutrition on later development of JIA. METHODS: All parents with children born between October 1, 1997 and October 1, 1999 in Southeast Sweden were asked to participate in the ABIS prospective cohort study (All Babies in Southeast Sweden), At 1 year, questionnaires with information on breastfeeding and introduction of foods were completed by 10,565 families...
May 26, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526280/an-overview-of-medical-risk-factors-for-childhood-psychosis-implications-for-research-and-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Marianna Giannitelli, Angèle Consoli, Marie Raffin, Renaud Jardri, Douglas F Levinson, David Cohen, Claudine Laurent-Levinson
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders in childhood and early adolescence often progress to chronic schizophrenia, but in many cases there are diagnosable medical and genetic causes or risk factors. We reviewed our clinical experience and the relevant literature to identify these factors and to define their clinical features, appropriate work-up and treatment. METHOD: We reviewed the results of comprehensive medical evaluations of 160 psychotic children and adolescents in our center...
May 16, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
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