keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Autoimmune nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626026/dilated-cardiomyopathy-as-the-first-presentation-of-coeliac-disease-association-or-causation
#1
Peysh Patel, Fraser Smith, Niamh Kilcullen, Nigel Artis
Global ventricular impairment is a frequent presentation in clinical practice, but dissection of causative mechanisms from clinical associations is challenging. We present the case of a 19-year-old man who presented with dilated cardiomyopathy as the first presentation of coeliac disease. The manifestation of iron deficiency anaemia prompted gastroenterology input and enabled accurate diagnosis. It is unclear whether coeliac disease was simply coexistent or directly implicated in pathophysiology. Mechanisms may relate to nutritional deficiencies or autoimmune myocarditis arising from cross-reactivity...
March 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623708/-gut-microbiota-its-development-and-relation-to-certain-diseases
#2
Hana Kiňová Sepová, Boris Dudík, Andrea Bilková
Coexistence of humans with microorganisms is well known for a long time. Besides the association with infectious diseases, personal microbiota is important for human health, possibly for some non-infectious diseases. Colonization of the human body with appropriate microorganisms after delivery is essential for physiological immune system maturation and also has an influence on central nervous system development. The composition of the gut microbiota is affected by the mode of delivery, early life nutrition and last but not least by lifestyle and drug, especially antibiotics intake...
2018: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604104/serum-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-levels-and-smoking-status-data-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-vi
#3
Suyeon Park, Won Gu Kim, Min Ji Jeon, Mijin Kim, Hye-Seon Oh, Minkyu Han, Tae Yong Kim, Young Kee Shong, Won Bae Kim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate differences in serum TSH levels according to smoking status and urine iodine concentration (UIC) in a healthy Korean population using data from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI). STUDYDESIGN: KNHANES VI (2013-2015) is a nationwide, cross-sectional survey of the Korean population. PATIENTS: Research subjects were selected by two-stage stratified cluster sampling of the population and housing census data...
March 31, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588555/insulin-autoimmune-syndrome-a-rare-case-of-hypoglycaemia-resolving-with-immunosuppression
#4
A Hunter, U Graham, J R Lindsay
We report a case of a 58-year-old male presenting with confusion and hypoglycaemia. There had been no prior exposure to oral hypoglycaemic agents or insulin. He was found to have inappropriate endogenous hyperinsulinaemia. Insulinoma was excluded by detailed endocrine assessment. Insulin antibodies were positive in keeping with a diagnosis of insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS). He was treated with prednisolone 5mg once daily and nutritional supplements leading to resolution of acute confusion and hypoglycaemic episodes...
January 2018: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516448/-autistic-regression-clinical-and-aetiological-aspects
#5
V L Ruggieri, C L Arberas
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders are neurodevelopmental dysfunctions that are characterised by deficits in social integration and communication, associated with restricted interests and stereotypic behaviour. A high percentage are related to language disorders, sensory dysfunctions, attention deficit disorder, bipolarity, intellectual disability or epilepsy, among other comorbidities. It is estimated that around 30% of children with autism, with typical early development, may present regression in the first years of life, which was already reported by Kanner in one of his original cases...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504486/early-fecal-microbiota-composition-in-children-who-later-develop-celiac-disease-and-associated-autoimmunity
#6
Anniina Rintala, Iiris Riikonen, Anne Toivonen, Sami Pietilä, Eveliina Munukka, Juha-Pekka Pursiheimo, Laura L Elo, Pekka Arikoski, Kristiina Luopajärvi, Ursula Schwab, Matti Uusitupa, Seppo Heinonen, Erkki Savilahti, Erkki Eerola, Jorma Ilonen
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have reported that the intestinal microbiota composition of celiac disease (CD) patients differs from healthy individuals. The possible role of gut microbiota in the pathogenesis of the disease is, however, not known. Here, we aimed to assess the possible differences in early fecal microbiota composition between children that later developed CD and healthy controls matched for age, sex and HLA risk genotype. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used 16S rRNA gene sequencing to examine the fecal microbiota of 27 children with high genetic risk of developing CD...
March 5, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502384/weaning-and-complementary-feeding-in-preterm-infants-management-timing-and-health-outcome
#7
Roberta Barachetti, Elisabetta Villa, Mario Barbarini
The introduction of solid food is necessary for any infant in order to provide adequate nutrition because when they grow up milk is insufficient for their nutritional needs. Infants born preterm have increased nutritional requirements. The high nutrient demands as well as the organ immaturity of preterm infants combine to render it difficult to achieve dietary intakes that will allow preterm infants to match their in utero growth rates. Current guidelines for the introduction of solid food to term infants cannot be directly translated to preterm infants...
December 22, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498987/dry-eye-disease-prevalence-assessment-and-management
#8
Patricia A Rouen, Mary L White
Dry eye disease is a chronic condition of the corneal surface marked by persistent symptoms of irritation or burning that can cause inflammatory damage to the cornea and conjunctiva if untreated. Common risk factors for this syndrome include advancing age, female sex, low humidity environments, systemic medications, and autoimmune disorders. Treatments to relieve symptoms include tear replacement, humidification, improved nutrition, and anti-inflammatory ocular agents. Home healthcare nurses can identify signs and symptoms of dry eye syndrome and initiate strategies that range from warm compresses to physician referrals for more aggressive treatment...
March 2018: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496904/hypothyroidism-and-iodine-deficiency-in-children-on-chronic-parenteral-nutrition
#9
Chijioke Ikomi, Conrad R Cole, Emily Vale, Marjorie Golekoh, Jane C Khoury, Nana-Hawa Yayah Jones
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Iodine is an essential trace element for maintenance of normal thyroid function. Normal thyroid function is a prerequisite for neurocognitive development and growth in children. In the United States, iodine is not routinely added as a trace element in parenteral nutrition (PN). Our objective was to determine the prevalence of iodine deficiency and hypothyroidism in children on chronic PN. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of children <17 years of age and using PN for >6 months at a tertiary children's hospital...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479348/vitamin-c-fosters-the-in-vivo-differentiation-of-peripheral-cd4-foxp3-t-cells-into-cd4-foxp3-regulatory-t-cells-but-impairs-their-ability-to-prolong-skin-allograft-survival
#10
Karina Oyarce, Mauricio Campos-Mora, Tania Gajardo-Carrasco, Karina Pino-Lagos
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are critical players of immunological tolerance due to their ability to suppress effector T cell function thereby preventing transplant rejection and autoimmune diseases. During allograft transplantation, increases of both Treg expansion and generation, as well as their stable function, are needed to ensure allograft acceptance; thus, efforts have been made to discover new molecules that enhance Treg-mediated tolerance and to uncover their mechanisms. Recently, vitamin C (VitC), known to regulate T cell maturation and dendritic cell-mediated T cell polarization, has gained attention as a relevant epigenetic remodeler able to enhance and stabilize the expression of the Treg master regulator gene Foxp3, positively affecting the generation of induced Tregs (iTregs)...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477186/practice-paper-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-nutrition-intervention-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#11
Amanda Willig, Lauri Wright, Theresa A Galvin
Nutrition is an integral component of medical care for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/autoimmune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) (PLWHA). The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics supports integration of medical nutrition therapy into routine care for this population. Fewer PLWHA experience wasting and undernutrition, while the prevalence of obesity and other chronic diseases has increased significantly. Improved understanding of HIV infection's impact on metabolism and chronic inflammation has only increased the complexity of managing chronic HIV infection...
March 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444780/the-possible-link-between-coeliac-and-kawasaki-diseases-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Alessandra Dos Santos Domingues, Nicole Selleski, Rosa Harumi Uenishi, Cristina Medeiros Ribeiro de Magalhães, Lenora Gandolfi, Claudia B Pratesi
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a self-limited acute systemic vasculitis of unknown aetiology that predominantly affects infants and young children eventually associated with immunological abnormalities. Coeliac disease (CD) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease characterised by a permanent gluten intolerance, which affects genetically susceptible individuals of any age group, and can cause intestinal and systemic symptoms. Association of CD with KD has been previously described in a single study that disclosed a surprisingly high prevalence of CD in children with a history of KD...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413009/nutritional-consideration-in-celiac-disease-and-nonceliac-gluten-sensitivity
#13
REVIEW
Rishi D Naik, Douglas L Seidner, Dawn Wiese Adams
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder due to the inflammatory response to gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. It causes an enteropathy associated with several nutritional complications. Strict compliance to a gluten-free diet (GFD) is the current primary therapy. Nonceliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is a condition in which gluten ingestion leads to systemic symptoms but is not associated with small bowel atrophy or abnormal celiac serologies. A GFD heals celiac disease enteropathy and improves symptoms in NCGS...
March 2018: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382608/metabolic-syndrome-autoimmunity-and-rheumatic-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Gabriela Medina, Olga Vera-Lastra, Ana Lilia Peralta-Amaro, María Pilar Jiménez-Arellano, Miguel Angel Saavedra, María Pilar Cruz-Domínguez, Luis J Jara
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of metabolic and cardiovascular (CV) risk factors including obesity and visceral adiposity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hypertension contributing to CV mortality. The interface between the metabolic and immune systems has been of great interest recently. These interactions are regulated through genetics, nutritional status, and the intestinal microbiome. Alterations in the immune-metabolic cross-talk contribute to the development of autoimmune diseases. Adipokines exert a variety of metabolic activities contributing to the ethiopathogenesis of MetS and are involved in the regulation of both inflammatory processes and autoimmunity occurring in rheumatic diseases...
January 31, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341125/gut-microbiota-and-probiotics-novel-immune-system-modulators-in-myasthenia-gravis
#15
REVIEW
Elena Rinaldi, Alessandra Consonni, Elena Guidesi, Marina Elli, Renato Mantegazza, Fulvio Baggi
Gut microorganisms (microbiota) live in symbiosis with the host and influence human nutrition, metabolism, physiology, and immune development and function. The microbiota prevents pathogen infection to the host, and in turn the host provides a niche for survival. The alteration of gut bacteria composition (dysbiosis) could contribute to the development of immune-mediated diseases by influencing the immune system activation and driving the pro- and anti-inflammatory responses in order to promote or counteract immune reactions...
January 17, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331869/dietary-naringenin-supplementation-attenuates-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-by-modulating-autoimmune-inflammatory-responses-in-mice
#16
Junpeng Wang, Ying Qi, Xinli Niu, Hua Tang, Simin Nikbin Meydani, Dayong Wu
Autoimmune disease is highly prevalent in humans. Since conventional therapies have limited efficacy and often come with significant side effects, nutrition may provide an alternative and complementary approach to improving autoimmune disorders. Naringenin, a flavonoid found in citrus fruits, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Using the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a rodent model of human multiple sclerosis, we determined the effect of dietary naringenin (0...
April 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320711/anatomical-physiological-and-functional-diversity-of-adipose-tissue
#17
REVIEW
Rachel K Zwick, Christian F Guerrero-Juarez, Valerie Horsley, Maksim V Plikus
Adipose tissue depots can exist in close association with other organs, where they assume diverse, often non-traditional functions. In stem cell-rich skin, bone marrow, and mammary glands, adipocytes signal to and modulate organ regeneration and remodeling. Skin adipocytes and their progenitors signal to hair follicles, promoting epithelial stem cell quiescence and activation, respectively. Hair follicles signal back to adipocyte progenitors, inducing their expansion and regeneration, as in skin scars. In mammary glands and heart, adipocytes supply lipids to neighboring cells for nutritional and metabolic functions, respectively...
January 9, 2018: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316941/homocysteine-folate-hs-c-reactive-protein-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-and-inflammatory-proteins-are-these-biomarkers-related-to-nutritional-status-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-childhood-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#18
Roberta Garcia Salomão, Luciana Martins de Carvalho, Clarice Izumi, Érika Silva Czernisz, José César Rosa, Sonir Roberto Rauber Antonini, Ana Carolina Bueno, Maria Olímpia Ribeiro do Vale Almada, Carolina de Almeida Coelho-Landell, Alceu Afonso Jordão, Virgínia Paes Leme Ferriani, Jacqueline Pontes Monteiro
BACKGROUND: Childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (c-SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease which increases cardiovascular risk factors (CRF) such as elevated homocysteine, TNF-α, and hs-C reactive protein. METHODS: We evaluated BMI, waist circumference (WC), 24-h recalls, SLEDAI-2 K, SLICC/ACR-DI, serum levels of homocysteine, folate, TNF-α, hs-C reactive protein, lipid profile, proteomic data, and duration of corticosteroid therapy in 19 c-SLE and 38 healthy volunteers...
January 9, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316320/human-microbiota-blood-group-antigens-and-disease
#19
REVIEW
D Rose Ewald, Susan C J Sumner
Far from being just "bugs in our guts," the microbiota interacts with the body in previously unimagined ways. Research into the genome and the microbiome has revealed that the human body and the microbiota have a long-established but only recently recognized symbiotic relationship; homeostatic balance between them regulates body function. That balance is fragile, easily disturbed, and plays a fundamental role in human health-our very survival depends on the healthy functioning of these microorganisms...
January 9, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249178/biomarkers-of-cardiometabolic-health-and-nutritional-status-in-individuals-with-positive-celiac-disease-serology
#20
Joseph Jamnik, David Ja Jenkins, Ahmed El-Sohemy
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by damage to the intestinal mucosa and nutrient malabsorption in severe cases. However, it remains unclear whether nutrient deficiencies and other adverse health effects are prevalent in individuals with positive CD serology identified through screening studies. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether biomarkers of cardiometabolic health and nutritional status differ between those with positive and negative CD serology identified in a screening study of Canadian adults...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
keyword
keyword
61409
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"