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Plant Based Health

Hege Berg Henriksen, Monica Hauger Carlsen, Ingvild Paur, Sveinung Berntsen, Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn, Anne Juul Skjetne, Ane Sørlie Kværner, Christine Henriksen, Lene Frost Andersen, Sigbjørn Smeland, Rune Blomhoff
Background: The Norwegian food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) aim at reducing the risk of developing chronic diseases and promote overall health. We studied the effect of the Norwegian FBDG in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. There is a need for a time-efficient dietary assessment tool measuring adherence to these guidelines in patients treated for dietary dependent cancer, such as CRC patients. Objective: To evaluate a new short food frequency questionnaire (NORDIET-FFQ), developed to estimate adherence to the Norwegian FBDG among CRC patients...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Seunghyeon Kim, Michael F Fenech, Pan-Jun Kim
Diet design for vegetarian health is challenging due to the limited food repertoire of vegetarians. This challenge can be partially overcome by quantitative, data-driven approaches that utilise massive nutritional information collected for many different foods. Based on large-scale data of foods' nutrient compositions, the recent concept of nutritional fitness helps quantify a nutrient balance within each food with regard to satisfying daily nutritional requirements. Nutritional fitness offers prioritisation of recommended foods using the foods' occurrence in nutritionally adequate food combinations...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Y Valcárcel, A Valdehíta, E Becerra, M López de Alda, A Gil, M Gorga, M Petrovic, D Barceló, J M Navas
Endocrine disruptors (EDs) are natural or man-made chemicals that can affect the health of organisms by interfering with their normal hormonal functions. Many of these substances can cause their effects at very low doses and, considering the key role played by the endocrine system on development, organisms in early phases of growth (foetal, childhood, puberty) are especially sensitive to the action of EDs. In addition, when combined, they can show additive, antagonistic and synergistic activities. Taking all this into account it is essential to determine the presence of this kind of compounds in drinking water...
February 22, 2018: Chemosphere
Sedigheh Asgary, Ali Rastqar, Mahtab Keshvari
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is now the leading cause of death globally and is a growing health concern. Lifestyle factors, including nutrition, play an important role in the etiology and treatment of CVD. Functional foods based on their basic nutritional functions can decrease the risk of many chronic diseases and have some physiological benefits. They contain physiologically active components either from plant or animal sources, marketed with the claim of their ability to reduce heart disease risk, focusing primarily on established risk factors, which are hyperlipidemia, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, obesity/overweight, elevated lipoprotein A level, small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and elevated inflammatory marker levels...
March 12, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
A-G E Ausseil, J R Dymond, L Newstrom
Honey bees require nectar and pollen from flowers: nectar for energy and pollen for growth. The demand for nectar and pollen varies during the year, with more pollen needed in spring for colony population growth, and more nectar needed in summer to sustain the maximum colony size and collect surplus nectar stores for winter. Sufficient bee forage is therefore necessary to ensure a healthy bee colony. Land-use changes can reduce the availability of floral resources suitable for bees, thereby increasing the susceptibility of bees to other stressors such as disease and pesticides...
March 12, 2018: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
Yu Zhang, Siyuan Wu, Hong Zheng, Liping Weng, Yajie Hu, Hongwen Ma
Studying the modes of selenium occurrence in high-Se soils and its behaviors can improve understanding and evaluating its cycling, flux, and balance in geo-ecosystems and its influence on health. In this paper, using a modified sequential chemical extraction technique, seven operationally defined selenium fractions and Se valence distribution were determined about five soils in which paddy was planted (W1, W2, W3, W4, W5) and five soils in which maize was planted (H1, H2, H3, H4, H5) around the selenium-rich core, Ziyang County, Shaanxi Province, China...
March 11, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Célia Fernandes, Etelvina Figueira, Romà Tauler, Carmen Bedia
Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is a worldwide used pesticide that raises concerns from the environmental and human health perspectives. The presence of pesticides such as CPF in edible vegetables has been already reported, but little is known about the effects induced by this pesticide stress on the morphology, oxidative response and lipid composition of treated plants. In this work, green bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris) were exposed to increasing concentrations of CPF and the different plant parts (roots, stem bases, stem, leaves, pods and beans) were subjected to different analyses...
March 7, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Birgit Dusemund, Nicole Nowak, Christine Sommerfeld, Oliver Lindtner, Bernd Schäfer, Alfonso Lampen
Acute liver toxicity, specifically in the form of hepatic veno-occlusive disease (HVOD), is known from reports on human poisonings following ingestions of 1,2-unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) containing herbs. Recently PA exposure via common foods contaminated via PA-producing plants raised concern, especially regarding the potential of genotoxicity and carcinogenicity. The health risks related to the estimated exposures to PAs from food were assessed. With respect to common foods, herbal teas and teas are the main sources through which consumers can be exposed to PAs...
March 7, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Nesreen A Safwat, Mona T Kashef, Ramy K Aziz, Khadiga F Amer, Mohammed A Ramadan
Tuberculosis remains a major health problem accentuated by the rise of resistance to all available drugs. Therefore, this study was launched to discover a novel antituberculosis agent from wild Egyptian Sahara plants. Twelve such plants were screened, in vitro, for their activity against various Mycobacterium species. The most active plant, Euphorbia paralias, was further fractionated with different organic solvents, and the activity of the obtained fractions was determined by the agar diffusion and broth microdilution methods...
January 2018: Tuberculosis
Tatsuya Tominaga
Bacteria of the genera Klebsiella and Raoultella, which are present in foods and the natural environment, are associated with health hazards in humans. In the present study, two types of strips-based methods were developed to detect these bacteria simply and quickly. One method used lateral-flow test strips (LFTS) in combination with anti-Klebsiella antibodies labeled with palladium nanoparticles that bind to target bacteria, allowing their visualization. In the other, the antibodies were immobilized on nitrocellulose membranes, and urease activity was measured using an ion sensitive field effect transistor pH sensor...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
Jeong-Min Kim, Myoung-Hee Kim, Young-Su Ju, Seung-Sik Hwang, Mina Ha, Bong-Kyu Kim, Kyung Ehi Zoh, Domyung Paek
Background : A 20-year follow-up study on cancer incidence among people living near nuclear power plants in South Korea ended in 2011 with a finding of significantly, but inconsistently, elevated thyroid cancer risk for females. Reanalysis of the original study was carried out to examine the dose-response relationship further, and to investigate any evidence of detection bias. Methods : In addition to replicating the original Cox proportional hazards models, nested case-control analysis was carried out for all subjects and for four different birth cohorts to examine the effects of excluding participants with pre-existing cancer history at enrollment...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Oussama Mghirbi, Jean-Paul Bord, Philippe Le Grusse, Elisabeth Mandart, Jacques Fabre
Faced with health, environmental, and socio-economic issues related to the heavy use of pesticides, diffuse phytosanitary pollution becomes a major concern shared by all the field actors. These actors, namely the farmers and territorial managers, have expressed the need to implement decision support tools for the territorial management of diffuse pollution resulting from the plant protection practices and their impacts. To meet these steadily increasing requests, a cartographic analysis approach was implemented based on GIS which allows the spatialization of the diffuse pollution impacts related to plant protection practices on the Etang de l'Or catchment area in the South of France...
March 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yang Hu, Le Wang, Lirong Xiang, Qian Wu, Huanyu Jiang
Non-destructive plant growth measurement is essential for plant growth and health research. As a 3D sensor, Kinect v2 has huge potentials in agriculture applications, benefited from its low price and strong robustness. The paper proposes a Kinect-based automatic system for non-destructive growth measurement of leafy vegetables. The system used a turntable to acquire multi-view point clouds of the measured plant. Then a series of suitable algorithms were applied to obtain a fine 3D reconstruction for the plant, while measuring the key growth parameters including relative/absolute height, total/projected leaf area and volume...
March 7, 2018: Sensors
Jane Debode, Caroline De Tender, Pieter Cremelie, Ana S Lee, Tina Kyndt, Hilde Muylle, Tom De Swaef, Bart Vandecasteele
Peat based growing media are not ecologically sustainable and often fail to support biological control. Miscanthus straw was (1) tested to partially replace peat; and (2) pre-colonized with a Trichoderma strain to increase the biological control capacity of the growing media. In two strawberry pot trials (denoted as experiment I & II), extruded and non-extruded miscanthus straw, with or without pre-colonization with T. harzianum T22, was used to partially (20% v/v) replace peat. We tested the performance of each mixture by monitoring strawberry plant development, nutrient content in the leaves and growing media, sensitivity of the fruit to the fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea , rhizosphere community and strawberry defense responses...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Nini H Sissener
'Are we what we eat?' Yes and no. Although dietary fat affects body fat, there are many modifying mechanisms. In Atlantic salmon, there is a high level of retention of the n-3 fatty acid (FA) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) relative to the dietary content, whereas saturated FAs never seem to increase above a specified level, which is probably an adaptation to low and fluctuating body temperature. Net production of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and especially DHA occurs in salmon when dietary levels are low; however, this synthesis is not sufficient to maintain EPA and DHA at similar tissue levels to those of a traditional fish oil-fed farmed salmon...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
Martin Mücke, Tudor Phillips, Lukas Radbruch, Frank Petzke, Winfried Häuser
BACKGROUND: This review is one of a series on drugs used to treat chronic neuropathic pain. Estimates of the population prevalence of chronic pain with neuropathic components range between 6% and 10%. Current pharmacological treatment options for neuropathic pain afford substantial benefit for only a few people, often with adverse effects that outweigh the benefits. There is a need to explore other treatment options, with different mechanisms of action for treatment of conditions with chronic neuropathic pain...
March 7, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Bing Liu, Li Gu, Qingfei Li, Guozhong Yu, Chengmei Zhao, Huimin Zhai
Municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluent is increasingly used as reclaimed water and as water sources for downstream areas. Effluent dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) is considered to be the precursor to nitrogen disinfection by-products (N-DBPs), which have come into increasing focus due to environmental and public health risks associated with them. Here, we investigated DON removal by pre-ozonation enhanced coagulation and found that: (1) pre-ozonation significantly enhanced the removal of DON, DOC and UV254 by coagulation...
March 7, 2018: Environmental Technology
Rahul V Patel, Bhupendra M Mistry, Riyaz Syed, Anuj K Rathi, Young-Soo Keum
Flavonoids are allocated among various vegetations and in foodstuffs; consequently, they represent an inevitable part of the diet. Historical and epidemiological proof recommend that diet plans loaded with flavonoids such as quercetin have positive health benefits, especially on the heart. Flavonoids have been proven to have potential action towards hypertension, inflammation, diabetes and vascular disease. Their results on LDL lowering, platelet aggregation and vasodilatation recommend an ability to expel the pathophysiology of atherosclerotic plaque formation...
March 5, 2018: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Derrick D Brown
Vegetarianism provides a catchall term for a variety of diets that exclude the consumption of some or all animal products. Contrary to popular claims, appropriately designed and managed vegetarian diets contain foods nutritionally sufficient for health, well-being, and physical performance. Vegetarian dancers can meet their protein needs from primarily or exclusively (vegan) plant-based sources when a variety of these foods are consumed daily and energy intake is adequate. However, the quality and timing of dietary intake is of key importance to meet the physical demands typical of high intensity, intermittent types of dance styles...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
Nafise Rahgozar, Gholamreza Bakhshi Khaniki, Soroush Sardari
Background: Drug resistance is a major public health problem and a threat to progress made in bovine tuberculosis care and control worldwide. This study aimed at evaluating anti-mycobacterial and synergistic activity of some medicinal plants that were selected by cheminformatics studies against Mycobacterium bovis. Methods: Considering the strong synergistic antimycobacterial action of oleanolic acid in combination with tuberculosis drugs, NCBI database was explored to find the compounds with over 80% similarity to oleanolic acid, called S1...
March 7, 2018: Iranian Biomedical Journal
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