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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789688/rapid-authentication-of-ginkgo-biloba-herbal-products-using-the-recombinase-polymerase-amplification-assay
#1
Yang Liu, Xiao-Yue Wang, Xue-Min Wei, Zi-Tong Gao, Jian-Ping Han
Species adulteration in herbal products (HPs) exposes consumers to health risks. Chemical and morphological methods have their own deficiencies when dealing with the detection of species containing the same active compounds in HPs. In this study, we developed a rapid identification method using the recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay to detect two species, Ginkgo biloba and Sophora japonica (as adulteration), in Ginkgo biloba HPs. Among 36 Ginkgo biloba HP samples, 34 were found to have Ginkgo biloba sequences, and 9 were found to have Sophora japonica sequences...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788026/ragweed-pollen-allergy-burden-characteristics-and-management-of-an-imported-allergen-source-in-europe
#2
REVIEW
Kuan-Wei Chen, Laura Marusciac, Paul Tudor Tamas, Rudolf Valenta, Carmen Panaitescu
Ambrosia artemisiifolia, also known as common or short ragweed, is an invasive annual flowering herbaceous plant that has its origin in North America. Nowadays, ragweed can be found in many areas worldwide. Ragweed pollen is known for its high potential to cause type I allergic reactions in late summer and autumn and represents a major health problem in America and several countries in Europe. Climate change and urbanization, as well as long distance transport capacity, enhance the spread of ragweed pollen...
May 22, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785774/thymol-thyme-and-other-plant-sources-health-and-potential-uses
#3
REVIEW
Bahare Salehi, Abhay Prakash Mishra, Ila Shukla, Mehdi Sharifi-Rad, María Del Mar Contreras, Antonio Segura-Carretero, Hannane Fathi, Nafiseh Nasri Nasrabadi, Farzad Kobarfard, Javad Sharifi-Rad
Thymol is a naturally occurring phenol monoterpene derivative of cymene and isomer of carvacrol. Thymol (10-64%) is one of the major constituent of essential oils of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L., Lamiaceae), a medicinal plant with several therapeutic properties. This plant, native to Mediterranean regions, is commonly used as a culinary herb and also with a long history of use for different medicinal purposes. Nowadays, thymol and thyme present a wide range of functional possibilities in pharmacy, food, and cosmetic industry...
May 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784957/metabolic-reprogramming-in-leaf-lettuce-grown-under-different-light-quality-and-intensity-conditions-using-narrow-band-leds
#4
Kazuyoshi Kitazaki, Atsushi Fukushima, Ryo Nakabayashi, Yozo Okazaki, Makoto Kobayashi, Tetsuya Mori, Tomoko Nishizawa, Sebastian Reyes-Chin-Wo, Richard W Michelmore, Kazuki Saito, Kazuhiro Shoji, Miyako Kusano
Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are an artificial light source used in closed-type plant factories and provide a promising solution for a year-round supply of green leafy vegetables, such as lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). Obtaining high-quality seedlings using controlled irradiation from LEDs is critical, as the seedling health affects the growth and yield of leaf lettuce after transplantation. Because key molecular pathways underlying plant responses to a specific light quality and intensity remain poorly characterised, we used a multi-omics-based approach to evaluate the metabolic and transcriptional reprogramming of leaf lettuce seedlings grown under narrow-band LED lighting...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780689/relationship-between-health-related-quality-of-life-and-respiratory-health-status-among-coal-based-sponge-iron-plant-workers-in-barjora-india
#5
Mousumi Biswas, Kaushik Chattopadhyay
Background: Many coal-based sponge iron plant workers have poor health-related quality of life in general, and specifically a poor respiratory health status. However, the relationship between their health-related quality of life and respiratory health status is unknown. Aim: This study investigated the relationship between health-related quality of life, measured using the EuroQol-5D (EQ5D), and respiratory health status, measured using the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), among coal-based sponge iron plant workers in Barjora, India...
2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778318/quality-specifications-for-articles-of-botanical-origin-from-the-united-states-pharmacopeia
#6
Cuiying Ma, Hellen Oketch-Rabah, Nam-Cheol Kim, Maria Monagas, Anton Bzhelyansky, Nandakumara Sarma, Gabriel Giancaspro
BACKGROUND: In order to define appropriate quality of botanical dietary supplements, botanical drugs, and herbal medicines, the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) and the Herbal Medicines Compendium (HMC) contain science-based quality standards that include multiple interrelated tests to provide a full quality characterization for each article in terms of its identity, purity, and content. PURPOSE: To provide a comprehensive description of the pharmacopeial tests and requirements for articles of botanical origin in the aforementioned compendia...
April 10, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775393/proactive-strategy-for-long-term-biological-research-aimed-at-low-dose-radiation-risk-in-korea
#7
Ki Moon Seong, TaeWoo Kwon, Jina Park, BuHyun Youn, Hyuck-Jin Cha, Yonghwan Kim, Changjong Moon, Seung-Sook Lee, Young Woo Jin
PURPOSE: Since the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, Korean radiation experts have agreed that reliable data on health risks of low-dose radiation (LDR) are needed to ease the anxiety of lay people. The intent of this study was to devise a sustainable biological program suited for the research environment in Korea and aimed at the health effects of radiation exposures <100 millisieverts (mSv). To address pressing public concerns over LDR risk, we investigated the current understanding of LDR effects by analyzing the previous reports of international authorities for radiation protection and research publications that appeared after the Chernobyl accident...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772425/an-innovative-expression-model-of-human-health-risk-based-on-the-quantitative-analysis-of-soil-metals-sources-contribution-in-different-spatial-scales
#8
Yimei Zhang, Shuai Li, Fei Wang, Zhuang Chen, Jie Chen, Liqun Wang
Toxicity of heavy metals from industrialization poses critical concern, and analysis of sources associated with potential human health risks is of unique significance. Assessing human health risk of pollution sources (factored health risk) concurrently in the whole and the sub region can provide more instructive information to protect specific potential victims. In this research, we establish a new expression model of human health risk based on quantitative analysis of sources contribution in different spatial scales...
April 30, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767732/dietary-intake-of-alpha-linolenic-acid-is-not-appreciably-associated-with-the-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-among-middle-aged-danish-men-and-women
#9
Christian S Bork, Stine K Venø, Søren Lundbye-Christensen, Marianne U Jakobsen, Anne Tjønneland, Erik B Schmidt, Kim Overvad
Background: Intake of the plant-derived omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) may reduce the risk of ischemic stroke. Objective: We have investigated the associations between dietary intake of ALA and the risk of ischemic stroke and ischemic stroke subtypes. Methods: This was a follow-up study. A total of 57,053 participants aged 50-64 y were enrolled into the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort between 1993 and 1997. Intake of ALA was assessed by a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764766/efficient-monooxygenase-catalyzed-piceatannol-production-application-of-cyclodextrins-for-reducing-product-inhibition
#10
Toshiki Furuya, Masahiko Sai, Kuniki Kino
Piceatannol is a rare, costly plant-based stilbene derivative and exhibits various health-enhancing properties. Recently, we demonstrated that piceatannol could be produced from resveratrol through site-selective hydroxylation using Escherichia coli cells expressing the monooxygenase HpaBC. However, piceatannol production ceased at approximately 25 mM, even when sufficient levels of the substrate resveratrol remained in the reaction mixture. In this study, we found that high concentrations (>20-25 mM) of piceatannol significantly inhibited the HpaBC-catalyzed reaction...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757222/association-of-habitually-low-intake-of-dietary-calcium-with-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-in-a-population-with-predominantly-plant-based-diets
#11
Ziqi Liu, Aiping Fang, Jingjing He, Xin Shen, Rong Gao, Xintian Zhao, Keji Li
This study aimed to assess the association of habitually low dietary calcium intake with blood pressure or hypertensive risk using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) in 2009. We included 6298 participants (2890 men and 3408 women) aged 18 years or older in this analysis. Food intakes were measured by 3-day 24-h individual recalls combined with a weighing and measuring of household food inventory. The participants were divided into normotensive, pre-hypertensive and hypertensive groups according to their mean blood pressure of three repeated measurements...
May 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756212/optimization-of-artemisinin-extraction-from-artemisia-annua-l-with-supercritical-carbon-dioxide-ethanol-using-response-surface-methodology
#12
Ozan Nazim Ciftci, Jessica Cahyadi, Selma E Guigard, Marleny D A Saldaña
Malaria is a high priority life-threatening public health concern in developing countries, and therefore there is a growing interest to obtain artemisinin for the production of artemisinin-based combination therapy products. In this study, artemisinin was extracted from the Artemisia annua L. plant using supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 ) modified with ethanol. Response surface methodology (RSM) based on central composite rotatable design (CCRD) was employed to investigate and optimize the extraction conditions of pressure (9...
May 13, 2018: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754002/trichoderma-harzianum-inhibition-of-mycotoxin-producing-fungi-and-toxin-biosynthesis
#13
H Braun, L Woitsch, B Hetzer, R Geisen, B Zange, M Schmidt-Heydt
A quarter of the world-wide crop is spoiled by filamentous fungi and their mycotoxins and weather extremes associated with the climate change lead to further deterioration of the situation. The ingestion of mycotoxins causes several health issues leading in the worst case to cancer in humans and animals. Common intervention strategies against mycotoxin producing fungi, such as the application of fungicides, may result in undesirable residues and in some cases to a stress induction of mycotoxin biosynthesis...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752697/biofortification-of-safflower-an-oil-seed-crop-engineered-for-ala-targeting-better-sustainability-and-plant-based-omega-3-fatty-acids
#14
Arti Rani, Asha Panwar, Manjary Sathe, Karunakara Alageri Chandrashekhara, Anil Kush
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) deficiency and a skewed n6:n3 fatty acid ratio in the diet is a major explanation for the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. There is mounting evidence of the health benefits associated with omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC PUFA's). Although present in abundance in fish, a number of factors limit our consumption of fish based omega-3 PUFA's. To name a few, overexploitation of wild fish stocks has reduced their sustainability due to increased demand of aquaculture for fish oil and meal; the pollution of marine food webs has raised concerns over the ingestion of toxic substances such as heavy metals and dioxins; vegetarians do not consider fish-based sources for supplemental nutrition...
May 11, 2018: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751173/a-systemic-ecological-risk-assessment-based-on-spatial-distribution-and-source-apportionment-in-the-abandoned-lead-acid-battery-plant-zone-china
#15
Yimei Zhang, Shuai Li, Zhuang Chen, Fei Wang, Jie Chen, Liqun Wang
In China, potential heavy metal hazard around abandoned lead-acid battery plant (ALBP) area has been a great concern but without detailed report. The distribution and sources of heavy metals in soils and so by risk assessment associated with ALBP are conducted in this contribution, based on geographies and statistics. Pb and Zn are quantitively identified to be still emitted from ALBP soil, and Cd as well As are from agricultural activity. We investigate vertical metal distribution, and fortunately find that metals migrate within limit of 40 cm below topsoil, which is higher than groundwater table...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748650/how-empathic-are-vegan-medical-professionals-compared-to-others-leads-from-a-paper-pencil-survey
#16
Christian S Kessler, Andreas Michalsen, Sophie Holler, Vijayendra S Murthy, Holger Cramer
The aim of this survey was to examine differences in personality profiles among 198 vegan (n = 64; 32.3%), vegetarian (n = 78; 39.4%) and omnivore (n = 55; 27.8%) medical professionals. Outcomes were motives for the nutritional approaches, WHO QoL-BREF, Big Five SOEP Inventory, Portraits Value Questionnaire, and Empathizing Scale. Regarding motives for particular diets, omnivores rated influence of guardians (p < 0.001), physical health (p = 0.017) and food taste (p = 0.001) as more and love of animals as less important (p < 0...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743390/association-between-occupational-clusters-and-allergic-rhinitis-in-the-korean-population-analysis-of-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#17
Sungjin Park, Pil Kyun Jung, Myungsup Choi, Hongdeok Seok, Hansol Kim, Sung-Soo Oh, Sang-Baek Koh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association between occupational clusters and allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: The study was based on data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES: 2007-2015). This study included 46,965 individuals: 20,491 men and 26,474 women. AR was defined as having been diagnosed by a physician. Occupations were classified according to occupational characteristics and skill levels into white (chief executives, senior officials, legislators, managers, professionals, and technicians), pink (clerks, clerical support workers, services and sales workers), blue (craft and related trades workers, drivers, plant and machine operators, assemblers, elementary occupation workers), and green (skilled agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers) categories...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743389/an-epidemic-of-bladder-cancer-ten-cases-of-bladder-cancer-in-male-japanese-workers-exposed-to-ortho-toluidine
#18
Makiko Nakano, Kazuyuki Omae, Toru Takebayashi, Shigeru Tanaka, And Shigeki Koda
BACKGROUND: ortho-Toluidine (OT) was listed as a Group 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer in 2012 based on epidemiological observations of workers co-exposed to OT and aromatic amines. From 2014 to 2017, several cases of bladder cancer (BCa) secondary to occupational exposure, primarily to OT, were detected in Japan. OBJECTIVE: To describe 10 cases of BCa in male Japanese workers exposed primarily to OT at two plants that produce organic dye and pigment intermediates...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743062/-we-don-t-want-our-clothes-to-smell-smoke-changing-malaria-control-practices-and-opportunities-for-integrated-community-based-management-in-baringo-kenya
#19
Jacinter A Amadi, Daniel O Olago, George O Ong'amo, Silas O Oriaso, Isaac K Nyamongo, Benson B A Estambale
BACKGROUND: The decline in global malaria cases is attributed to intensified utilization of primary vector control interventions and artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). These strategies are inadequate in many rural areas, thus adopting locally appropriate integrated malaria control strategies is imperative in these heterogeneous settings. This study aimed at investigating trends and local knowledge on malaria and to develop a framework for malaria control for communities in Baringo, Kenya...
May 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736387/traditional-plants-used-for-the-treatment-of-gynaecological-disorders-in-vedaranyam-taluk-south-india-an-ethnomedicinal-survey
#20
S Balamurugan, S Vijayakumar, S Prabhu, J E Morvin Yabesh
Gynaecological disorder is one of the most severe conditions under reproductive health. So we investigate and collect information from traditional practitioners on the use of medicinal plants for treatment of Gynaecological disorder in Vedaranyam taluk, Nagappattinam district of South India. The field study was carried out for a period of January 2014-January 2015 in Vedaranyam taluk, Nagappattinam district of South India. This is the first traditional medicine study in which statistical calculations about plants are done by RFC, CI, UV and ICF in the study area...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
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