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Plant Based Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635264/cadmium-accumulation-risk-in-vegetables-and-rice-in-southern-china-insights-from-solid-solution-partitioning-and-plant-uptake-factor
#1
Yang Yang, Meie Wang, Weiping Chen, Yanling Li, Chi Peng
Solid-solution partitioning coefficient (Kd) and plant uptake factor (PUF) largely determine the solubility and mobility of soil Cd to food crops. A four-year regional investigation was conducted in contaminated vegetable and paddy fields of southern China to quantify the variability in Kd and PUF. The distributions of Kd and PUF characterizing transfers of Cd from soil to vegetable and rice are probabilistic in nature. Dynamics in soil pH and soil Zn greatly affected the variations of Kd. In addition to soil pH, soil organic matter had a major influence on PUF variations in vegetables...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634803/a-method-for-reducing-environmental-pollution-by-using-essential-oils-in-rodent-pest-management-program
#2
Goran Jokić, Tanja Blažić, Rada Đurović-Pejčev, Tijana Đorđević, Suzana Đedović, Marina Vukša
Strong-smelling plant extracts, such as essential oils, have a variety of feeding effects on mammals. Considering current concerns over long-term health issues and environmental effects of chemicals, plant-based products with repellent or antifungal activities may represent good solutions for improvement of rodent pest control programs. The present study was therefore focused on examining the effects of bergamot, lavender, and thyme essential oils as additional bait components on daily intakes of cereal-based baits by wild house mice...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634471/a-chitin-binding-protein-purified-from-moringa-oleifera-seeds-presents-anticandidal-activity-by-increasing-cell-membrane-permeability-and-reactive-oxygen-species-production
#3
João X S Neto, Mirella L Pereira, Jose T A Oliveira, Lady C B Rocha-Bezerra, Tiago D P Lopes, Helen P S Costa, Daniele O B Sousa, Bruno A M Rocha, Thalles B Grangeiro, José E C Freire, Ana Cristina O Monteiro-Moreira, Marina D P Lobo, Raimunda S N Brilhante, Ilka M Vasconcelos
Candida species are opportunistic pathogens that infect immunocompromised and/or immunosuppressed patients, particularly in hospital facilities, that besides representing a significant threat to health increase the risk of mortality. Apart from echinocandins and triazoles, which are well tolerated, most of the antifungal drugs used for candidiasis treatment can cause side effects and lead to the development of resistant strains. A promising alternative to the conventional treatments is the use of plant proteins...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631264/targeted-use-of-leds-in-improvement-of-production-efficiency-through-phytochemical-enrichment
#4
REVIEW
E Taulavuori, K Taulavuori, J K Holopainen, R Julkunen-Tiitto, C Acar, I Dincer
Based on available literature, ecology and economy of LED (light emitting diode) lights in plant foods production were assessed and compared to HPS (high pressure sodium) and CFL (compact fluorescent light) lamps. The assessment summarises that LEDs are superior compared to other lamp types. LEDs are ideal in luminous efficiency, life span and electricity usage. Mercury, carbon dioxide and heat emissions are also lowest in comparison to HPS and CFL lamps. This indicates that LEDs are indeed economic and eco-friendly lighting devices...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630616/a-plant-based-diet-for-overweight-and-obesity-prevention-and-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Trisha Mandes, Anthony Crimarco
The goal of this paper is to review the evidence related to the effect of plant-based dietary patterns on obesity and weight loss, including both observational and intervention trials. Literature from plant-based diets (PBDs) epidemiological and clinical trial research was used to inform this review. In addition, data on dietary quality, adherence, and acceptability were evaluated and are presented. Both clinical trials and observational research indicate an advantage to adoption of PBDs for preventing overweight and obesity and promoting weight loss...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630615/plant-based-nutrition-for-healthcare-professionals-implementing-diet-as-a-primary-modality-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-chronic-disease
#6
REVIEW
Julieanna Hever, Raymond J Cronise
Cardiovascular disease remains the world's leading cause of death. Yet, we have known for decades that the vast majority of atherosclerosis and its subsequent morbidity and mortality are influenced predominantly by diet. This paper will describe a health-promoting whole food, plant-based diet; delineate macro- and micro-nutrition, emphasizing specific geriatric concerns; and offer guidance to physicians and other healthcare practitioners to support patients in successfully utilizing nutrition to improve their health...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625124/occurrence-and-importance-of-plant-lipids-a-promising-insight-into-algae
#7
Nihed Ben Halima
BACKGROUND: Lipids are biomolecules with interesting structural variability. They are involved in many processes such as the storage of energy, in nutrition and are also of relevance for signal transduction processes, in apoptosis, cell differentiation and phagocytosis, etc. Algae and microalgae are a promising and very diverse group of organisms. These living arganisms inhabit a vaste range of ecosystems from the Antarctic to the Deserts. They account for above half the primary productivity at the base of the food chain because of their multiple nutritional products including, for instance, lipids...
June 19, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617596/review-of-organic-wastewater-compound-concentrations-and-removal-in-onsite-wastewater-treatment-systems
#8
Laurel A Schaider, Kathryn M Rodgers, Ruthann A Rudel
Onsite wastewater treatment systems, such as septic systems, serve 20% of U.S. households and are common in areas not served by wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) globally. They can be sources of nutrients and pathogen pollution and have been linked to health effects in communities where they contaminate drinking water. However, few studies have evaluated their ability to remove organic wastewater compounds (OWCs) such as pharmaceuticals, hormones, and detergents. We synthesized results from 20 studies of 45 OWCs in conventional drainfield-based and alternative onsite wastewater treatment systems to characterize concentrations and removal...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609213/aspergillus-spp-prevalence-in-different-portuguese-occupational-environments-what-is-the-real-scenario-in-high-load-settings
#9
Carla Viegas, Tiago Faria, Liliana Aranha Caetano, Elisabete Carolino, Anita Quintal Gomes, Susana Viegas
The genus Aspergillus is one of the most prevalent regarding fungi in several highly contaminated occupational environments. The goal of the current study was to assess the prevalence of Aspergillus spp. in different settings, focusing on those where a higher load of fungal contamination is expected according to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. A specific protocol to ensure a more accurate assessment of the exposure to Aspergillus spp. is proposed aimed at allowing a detailed risk characterization and management...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609142/food-processing-strategies-to-enhance-phenolic-compounds-bioaccessibility-and-bioavailability-in-plant-based-foods
#10
Albert Ribas-Agustí, Olga Martín-Belloso, Robert Soliva-Fortuny, Pedro Elez-Martínez
Phenolic compounds are important constituents of plant-based foods, as their presence is related to protective effects on health. To exert their biological activity, phenolic compounds must be released from the matrix during digestion in an absorbable form (bioaccessible) and finally absorbed and transferred to the bloodstream (bioavailable). Chemical structure and matrix interactions are some food-related factors that hamper phenolic compounds bioaccessibility and bioavailability, and that can be counteracted by food processing...
June 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608841/occurrence-toxicity-and-analysis-of-major-mycotoxins-in-food
#11
REVIEW
Ahmad Alshannaq, Jae-Hyuk Yu
Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by certain filamentous fungi (molds). These low molecular weight compounds (usually less than 1000 Daltons) are naturally occurring and practically unavoidable. They can enter our food chain either directly from plant-based food components contaminated with mycotoxins or by indirect contamination from the growth of toxigenic fungi on food. Mycotoxins can accumulate in maturing corn, cereals, soybeans, sorghum, peanuts, and other food and feed crops in the field and in grain during transportation...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606427/illumina-based-analysis-of-endophytic-bacterial-diversity-of-tree-peony-paeonia-sect-moutan-roots-and-leaves
#12
Ruixian Yang, Ping Liu, Wenyu Ye
Diverse communities of bacteria inhabit plant tissues and those bacteria play a crucial role for plant health and growth. Tree peony (Paeonia Sect. Moutan) is known for its excellent ornamental and medicinal values as Chinese traditional plant, but little is known about its associated bacterial community under natural conditions. To examine how endophytic bacteria in tree peony vary across tissues and cultivars, PCR-based Illumina was applied to reveal the diversity of endophytic bacteria in tree peony. A total of 149,842 sequences and 21,463 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were obtained...
June 2, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605844/combination-of-aquatic-species-and-safeners-improves-the-remediation-of-copper-polluted-water
#13
Ivan Panfili, Maria Luce Bartucca, Eleonora Ballerini, Daniele Del Buono
In the last decades, many anthropogenic activities have resulted in heavy metal contamination of freshwaters and surrounding environments. This poses serious threats to human health. Phytoremediation is a cost-effective technology which is useful for remediating polluted soils and water. Recently, the use of aquatic free-floating plants has been proposed to remediate polluted water. In this context, a study on the capacity of two aquatic plants, Lemna minor (duckweed) and Salvinia auriculata (salvinia), to remediate Cu(+2) (Cu) polluted water was carried out...
June 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603626/physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-modeling-of-tea-catechin-mixture-in-rats-and-humans
#14
Francis C P Law, Meicun Yao, Hui-Chang Bi, Stephen Lam
Although green tea (Camellia sinensis) (GT) contains a large number of polyphenolic compounds with anti-oxidative and anti-proliferative activities, little is known of the pharmacokinetics and tissue dose of tea catechins (TCs) as a chemical mixture in humans. The objectives of this study were to develop and validate a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model of tea catechin mixture (TCM) in rats and humans, and to predict an integrated or total concentration of TCM in the plasma of humans after consuming GT or Polyphenon E (PE)...
June 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602514/a-jasmonic-acid-derivative-improves-skin-healing-and-induces-changes-in-proteoglycan-expression-and-glycosaminoglycan-structure
#15
Elodie Henriet, Sibylle Jäger, Christian Tran, Philippe Bastien, Jean-François Michelet, Anne-Marie Minondo, Florian Formanek, Maria Dalko-Csiba, Hugues Lortat-Jacob, Lionel Breton, Romain R Vivès
BACKGROUND: Jasmonates are plant hormones that exhibit anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties and have therefore raised interest for human health applications. The molecular basis of these activities remains poorly understood, although increasing evidence suggests that a variety of mechanisms may be involved. Recently, we have reported that a jasmonate derivative (JAD) displayed anti-aging effects on human skin by inducing extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. Based on this observation, we have investigated here the effects of JAD on proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) polysaccharides, which are major cell-surface/ECM components and are involved in a multitude of biological processes...
June 7, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597390/effects-of-nanoparticles-in-species-of-aquaculture-interest
#16
Kheyrollah Khosravi-Katuli, Ermelinda Prato, Giusy Lofrano, Marco Guida, Gonçalo Vale, Giovanni Libralato
Recently, it was observed that there is an increasing application of nanoparticles (NPs) in aquaculture. Manufacturers are trying to use nano-based tools to remove the barriers about waterborne food, growth, reproduction, and culturing of species, their health, and water treatment in order to increase aquaculture production rates, being the safe-by-design approach still unapplied. We reviewed the applications of NPs in aquaculture evidencing that the way NPs are applied can be very different: some are direclty added to feed, other to water media or in aquaculture facilities...
June 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595096/occurrence-and-mobility-of-toxic-elements-in-coals-from-endemic-fluorosis-areas-in-the-three-gorges-region-sw-china
#17
Yan Xiong, Tangfu Xiao, Yizhang Liu, Jianming Zhu, Zengping Ning, Qingxiang Xiao
Fluorine (F) is a topic of great interest in coal-combustion related endemic fluorosis areas. However, little extent research exists regarding the environmental geochemistry of toxic elements that are enriched in coals and coal wastes in traditional endemic fluorosis areas, particularly focusing on their occurrences and mobilities during the weathering-leaching processes of coals and coal wastes in the surface environment. This paper addressed the issue of toxic elements in coals and coal wastes in the Three Gorges Region, Southwest (SW) China, where endemic fluorosis has historically prevailed, and investigated the distribution, occurrence, mobility features, and associated potential health risks...
June 5, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592650/identification-of-ganoderma-disease-resistance-loci-using-natural-field-infection-of-an-oil-palm-multiparental-population
#18
Sébastien Tisné, Virginie Pomiès, Virginie Riou, Indra Syahputra, Benoît Cochard, Marie Denis
Multi-parental populations are promising tools for identifying quantitative disease resistance loci. Stem rot caused by Ganoderma boninense is a major threat to palm oil production, with yield losses of up to 80% prompting premature replantation of palms. There is evidence of genetic resistance sources, but the genetic architecture of Ganoderma resistance has not yet been investigated. This study aimed to identify Ganoderma resistance loci using an oil palm multi-parental population derived from nine major founders of ongoing breeding programs...
June 7, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588600/date-palm-tree-phoenix-dactylifera-l-natural-products-and-therapeutic-options
#19
REVIEW
Reem A Al-Alawi, Jawhara H Al-Mashiqri, Jawaher S M Al-Nadabi, Badria I Al-Shihi, Younis Baqi
Many plants, including some of the commonly consumed herbs and spices in our daily food, can be safely and effectively used to prevent and/or treat some health concerns. For example, caffeine the active ingredient found in coffee beans (Coffea), shows biological activity in the treatment of the central nervous system (CNS) disorders, indole-3-carbinol, and 3,3'-diindolylmethane are both broccoli (Brassica oleracea) derived phytochemicals with potential anti-cancer activity, and resveratrol, isolated from grape (Vitis vinifera), is reported to extend lifespan and provide cardio-neuro-protective, anti-diabetic, and anti-cancer effects...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587840/control-of-biting-lice-mallophaga-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Giovanni Benelli, Alice Caselli, Graziano Di Di Giuseppe, Angelo Canale
The chewing lice (Mallophaga) are common parasites of different animals. Most of them infest terrestrial and marine birds, including pigeons, doves, swans, cormorants and penguins. Mallophaga have not been found on marine mammals but only on terrestrial ones, including livestock and pets. Their bites damage cattle, sheep, goats, horses and poultry, causing itch and scratch and arousing phthiriasis and dermatitis. Notably, Mallophaga can vector important parasites, such as the filarial heartworm Sarconema eurycerca...
June 3, 2017: Acta Tropica
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