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Plant Based Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220908/hsp70-hspa1-polymorphisms-in-former-workers-with-chronic-mercury-vapor-exposure
#1
Yury I Chernyak, Alla P Merinova
OBJECTIVES: To investigate 4 loci of 3 HSP70 genes in caustic soda production plant former workers, who have been exposed to metallic mercury vapors for a long time, and including numerous cases of chronic mercury intoxication (CMI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Polymorphisms in HSP70 gene family members (HSP1A1 (+190G/C, rs1043618), HSPA1B (+1267A/G and +2074G/C, rs1061581) and HSP1AL (+2437T/C, rs2227956)) genes were studied among 120 male workers involved in caustic soda production by mercury electrolysis at 2 plants in Eastern Siberia...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220906/experiences-with-preventing-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-an-automotive-plant
#2
Věra Žídková, Marie Nakládalová, Jana Zapletalová, Zdeněk Nakládal, Helena Kollárová
OBJECTIVES: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common occupational disease. The aim was to assess the effect of preventive measures in automotive assembly workers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis summarizes data from annual crosssectional studies. The 7-year analysis of data was based on medical records obtained from an occupational physician and inspections carried out at the workplace where targeted preventive measures were introduced, including better ergonomic arrangement of the workplace, technical adjustments facilitating the work, preventive nerve conduction studies (NCS) testing of the median nerve once a year, switching of workers and their targeted rotation within the workplace...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219320/microorganism-and-agricultural-based-biosorbents-towards-removal-of-cadmium-from-waste-water-an-overview
#3
Souvik Pal, Subhankar Mukherjee, Nabarun Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: Non-degradable and persistent nature of Cadmium (Cd) poses high toxicity to human, plants and animals. Several industrial processes generated wastes are the main anthropogenic pathway through which Cd enters into the environment. Although, World Health Organization (WHO) has set the limit of Cd in drinking water is 0.005 mg L-1, the industrial activities release much higher concentrations of metal ions to the water stream than the prescribed limits, which leads to the increasing health hazards and environmental pollution...
February 20, 2017: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215419/comparative-metabolite-and-genome-analysis-of-tuber-bearing-potato-species
#4
Riccardo Aversano, Felice Contaldi, Maria Grazia Adelfi, Vincenzo D'Amelia, Gianfranco Diretto, Nunziatina De Tommasi, Carmen Vaccaro, Antonio Vassallo, Domenico Carputo
The cultivated potato Solanum tuberosum is unrivalled among crop plants for its wild relatives, which potentially represent an important source of genetic diversity to improve the nutritional value of potato varieties and understand metabolism regulation. The main aim of this research was to profile human health-related metabolites in a number of clones from 13 Solanum species. Results from HPLC-DAD and LC-ESI-MS analyses highlighted a high interspecific variability in the level of metabolites analysed. Ascorbic acid was confirmed to be the most abundant antioxidant in potato and chlorogenic acid the primary polyphenol...
February 16, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215328/characterization-and-applications-of-marine-microbial-enzymes-in-biotechnology-and-probiotics-for-animal-health
#5
T H Nguyen, V D Nguyen
Marine microorganisms have been recognized as potential sources of novel enzymes because they are relatively more stable than the corresponding enzymes derived from plants and animals. Enzymes from marine microorganisms also differ from homologous enzymes in terrestrial microorganisms based on salinity, pressure, temperature, and lighting conditions. Marine microbial enzymes can be used in diverse industrial applications. This chapter will focus on the biotechnological applications of marine enzymes and also their use as a tool of marine probiotics to improve host digestion (food digestion, food absorption, and mucus utilization) and cleave molecular signals involved in quorum sensing in pathogens to control disease in aquaculture...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215152/biological-activities-of-sesquiterpene-lactones-isolated-from-the-genus-centaurea-l-asteraceae
#6
Marina Sokovic, Ana Ciric, Jasmina Glamoclija, Helen Skaltsa
BACKGROUND: In recent years, a growing interest has developed in the field of biological activity of plant metabolites. Research in this area considering antimicrobial, antioxidant, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, and other properties, is currently expanding, reporting various species to possess such biological effects. Among them, Centaurea species are well known to be used in ethnomedicine. The Centaurea genus (Asteraceae) is represented by more than 500 species, mostly located in the Mediterranean region and Western Asia...
February 15, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214376/sensitive-quantification-of-coixol-a-potent-insulin-secretagogue-in-scoparia-dulcis-extract-using-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-combined-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry-and-uv-detection
#7
Arslan Ali, Faraz Ul Haq, Qamar Ul Arfeen, Khaga Raj Sharma, Achyut Adhikari, Syed Ghulam Musharraf
Diabetes is a major global health problem which requires new studies for its prevention and control. Scoparia dulcis, an herbal product, is widely used for treatment of diabetes. Recent studies demonstrate coixol as a potent and non-toxic insulin secretagogue from S. dulcis. This study focuses on developing two quantitative methods of coixol in Scoparia dulcis methanol-based extracts. Quantification of coixol was performed using high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (method 1) and high performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection (method 2) with limit of detection of 0...
February 18, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213015/lettuce-and-fruits-as-a-source-of-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-spp
#8
Ana Carvalheira, Joana Silva, Paula Teixeira
The role of ready-to-eat products as a reservoir of pathogenic species of Acinetobacter remains unclear. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the presence of Acinetobacter species in lettuces and fruits marketed in Portugal, and their susceptibility to antimicrobials. Acinetobacter spp. were isolated from 77.9% of the samples and these microorganisms were also found as endophytes (i.e. present within the plant tissue) in 12 of 20 samples of lettuces analysed. Among 253 isolates that were identified as belonging to this genus, 181 presented different PFGE profiles, representing different strains...
June 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202883/decreased-sugar-concentration-in-vegetable-and-fruit-juices-by-growth-of-functional-lactic-acid-bacteria
#9
Masaki Ishii, Yasuhiko Matsumoto, Satoshi Nishida, Kazuhisa Sekimizu
Leuconostoc carnosum #7-2, L. gelidum #4-2, and L. mesenteroides 8/11-3, which were isolated from fermented plant foods, are lactic acid bacteria. We previously reported that these bacteria are functional lactic acid bacteria whose innate immunity-stimulating activities are high based on a silkworm muscle contraction assay. The concentrations of these three lactic acid bacteria increased to more than 1 × 10(6) colony forming units (cfu)/mL in various vegetable and fruit juices when the pH values were appropriately adjusted...
February 14, 2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202499/dietary-phytochemical-intake-from-foods-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-protocol-and-preliminary-scoping
#10
Yasmine C Probst, Vivienne X Guan, Katherine Kent
INTRODUCTION: Dietary phytochemicals are found in plant-based foods such as fruits, vegetables and grains and may be categorised in a nested hierarchical manner with many hundred individual phytochemicals identified to date. To associate phytochemical intakes with positive health outcomes, a fundamental step is to accurately estimate the dietary phytochemical intake from foods reported. The purpose of this systematic review protocol is to describe the process to be undertaken to summarise the evidence for food-based dietary phytochemical intakes and health outcomes for adults...
February 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196965/genomic-microdiversity-of-bifidobacterium-pseudocatenulatum-underlying-differential-strain-level-responses-to-dietary-carbohydrate-intervention
#11
Guojun Wu, Chenhong Zhang, Huan Wu, Ruirui Wang, Jian Shen, Linghua Wang, Yufeng Zhao, Xiaoyan Pang, Xiaojun Zhang, Liping Zhao, Menghui Zhang
The genomic basis of the response to dietary intervention of human gut beneficial bacteria remains elusive, which hinders precise manipulation of the microbiota for human health. After receiving a dietary intervention enriched with nondigestible carbohydrates for 105 days, a genetically obese child with Prader-Willi syndrome lost 18.4% of his body weight and showed significant improvement in his bioclinical parameters. We obtained five isolates (C1, C15, C55, C62, and C95) of one of the most abundantly promoted beneficial species, Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum, from a postintervention fecal sample...
February 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195698/structure-based-targeting-of-orthologous-pathogen-proteins-accelerates-anti-parasitic-drug-discovery
#12
Vitul Jain, Arvind Sharma, Gajinder Pal Singh, Manickam Yogavel, Amit Sharma
Parasitic diseases caused by eukaryotic pathogens impose significant health and economic burden worldwide. The level of research funding available for many parasitic diseases is insufficient in relation to their adverse social impact. Here, we review the extant 3D structural data on protein-inhibitor complexes that can be harnessed to accelerate drug discovery against many related pathogens. Assessment of sequence conservation within drug/inhibitor-binding residues in enzyme-inhibitor complexes can be leveraged to predict and validate both new lead compounds and their molecular targets in multiple parasitic diseases...
February 14, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192222/antifungal-effectiveness-of-fungicide-and-peroxyacetic-acid-mixture-on-the-growth-of-botrytis-cinerea
#13
Fatima Ayoub, Najwa Ben Oujji, Bouchra Chebli, Mohamed Ayoub, Athman Hafidi, Rachid Salghi, Shehdeh Jodeh
In the attempt to reduce the negative impacts of chemical pesticides on environment and consumer's health, a new plant treatment practice minimizing the amount of pesticides needed during pests and diseases treatments has been developed. Our approach is based on combining the biocide effects of fungicide with the peroxyacetic acid (PAA) one. In this paper, we focused on the in vitro study of the antifungal activity of this combination against Botrytis cinerea, the most redoubtable threat of tomatoes plants in Morocco...
February 10, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192202/ethnomedicinal-uses-of-plants-for-the-treatment-of-malaria-in-soon-valley-khushab-pakistan
#14
Amin Shah, Sarvat Rahim
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: To best of our knowledge this is the first quantitative ethno-medicinal study with the aim of documenting the indigenous knowledge and practices of using plants for malarial therapy in Soon Valley, Khushab, Pakistan. In this Valley, malaria is among the major public health problems but, until now, the population still mostly relies on herbal medicine for treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethno-medicinal data were documented from 63 informants by using semi-structured questionnaires and interviewing the informants about their knowledge of plants regarding malaria and related symptoms...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191932/inversion-approach-to-validate-mercury-emissions-based-on-background-air-monitoring-at-the-high-altitude-research-station-jungfraujoch-3580-m
#15
Basil Denzler, Christian Bogdal, Stephan Henne, Daniel Obrist, Martin Steinbacher, Konrad Hungerbühler
The reduction of emissions of mercury is a declared aim of the Minamata Convention, a UN treaty designed to protect human health and the environment from adverse effects of mercury. To assess the effectiveness of the convention in the future, better constraints about the current mercury emissions is a premise. In our study, we applied a top-down approach to quantify mercury emissions on the basis of atmospheric mercury measurements conducted at the remote high altitude monitoring station Jungfraujoch, Switzerland...
February 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184370/metaproteomics-as-a-complementary-approach-to-gut-microbiota-in-health-and-disease
#16
REVIEW
Bernardo A Petriz, Octávio L Franco
Classic studies on phylotype profiling are limited to the identification of microbial constituents, where information is lacking about the molecular interaction of these bacterial communities with the host genome and the possible outcomes in host biology. A range of OMICs approaches have provided great progress linking the microbiota to health and disease. However, the investigation of this context through proteomic mass spectrometry-based tools is still being improved. Therefore, metaproteomics or community proteogenomics has emerged as a complementary approach to metagenomic data, as a field in proteomics aiming to perform large-scale characterization of proteins from environmental microbiota, such as the human gut...
2017: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181532/a-floral-fragrance-methyl-benzoate-is-an-efficient-green-pesticide
#17
Yan Feng, Aijun Zhang
Over-reliance on synthetic pesticides in insect pest control has caused widespread public and scientific concerns for human health and the environment, especially since many insect pests have already developed resistances to conventional pesticides and Bt products. For this reason, there is a considerable interest in development of alternative control methods for insect pest management. Based on laboratory studies, we report that methyl benzoate (MB), a naturally-occurring compound in many plants, may possess toxicity against various stages of a variety of insect pests, including the brown marmorated stinkbug, Halyomorpha halys, diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, and tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, as well as the spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174082/%C3%AE-propeller-phytases-diversity-catalytic-attributes-current-developments-and-potential-biotechnological-applications
#18
REVIEW
Vinod Kumar, Ajar Nath Yadav, Priyanka Verma, Punesh Sangwan, Abhishake Saxena, Krishan Kumar, Bijender Singh
Phytases are phosphatases which stepwise remove phosphates from phytic acid or its salts. β-Propeller phytase (BPPhy) belongs to a special class of microbial phytases that is regarded as most diverse, isolated and characterized from different microbes, mainly from Bacillus spp. BPPhy class is unique for its Ca(2+)-dependent catalytic activity, strict substrate specificity, active at neutral to alkaline pH and high thermostability. Numerous sequence and structure based studies have revealed unique attributes and catalytic properties of this class, as compared to other classes of phytases...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167442/stable-cesium-133-cs-uptake-by-calla-palustris-from-different-substrates
#19
Federica Rinaldi, Dana Komínková, Kateřina Berchová, Jeremy Daguenet, Emilie Pecharová
The uptake of stable cesium ((133)Cs) by Calla palustris was evaluated from four different substrates: water, soil, keramzit (a clay granule) and water with the addition of a potassium compound, after an eight days exposure to a solution of 0.5mM cesium chloride. Stable cesium was used because it is commonly supposed that its uptake by plants is the same of that of radiocesium ((137)Cs). The plants were differentiated in their parts (roots, healthy leaves, dead leaves and flowers) and analyzed with ICP-MS. The lowest average concentration of absorbed Cs was found in plants exposed in soil (0...
February 3, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157568/identity-in-a-medicine-cabinet-discursive-positions-of-andean-migrants-towards-their-use-of-herbal-remedies-in-the-united-kingdom
#20
Melissa Ceuterick, Ina Vandebroek
This study explores different rationales for using herbal remedies among people from Andean descent in the United Kingdom, using positioning theory as a conceptual framework. By analysing processes of positioning in narratives about healthcare choices conducted with 40 Bolivian and Peruvian migrants in London (between 2005 and 2009), we examine in which ways talking about personal preferences for herbal medicine can be constitutive of one's health identity. The results reveal three distinct discursive repertoires that frame the use of herbal remedies either as a tradition, a health-conscious consumer choice, or as a coping strategy, each allowing specific health identity outcomes...
January 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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