keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Plant Based Health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158627/development-of-transcriptome-based-web-genomic-resources-of-yellow-mosaic-disease-in-vigna-mungo
#1
Rahul Singh Jasrotia, Mir Asif Iquebal, Pramod Kumar Yadav, Neeraj Kumar, Sarika Jaiswal, U B Angadi, Anil Rai, Dinesh Kumar
Vigna mungo (Urdbean) is cultivated in the tropical and sub-tropical continental region of Asia. It is not only important source of dietary protein and nutritional elements, but also of immense value to human health due to medicinal properties. Yellow mosaic disease caused by Mungbean Yellow Mosaic India Virus is known to incur huge loss to crop, adversely affecting crop yield. Contrasting genotypes are ideal source for knowledge discovery of plant defence mechanism and associated candidate genes for varietal improvement...
October 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157914/population-sensitivities-of-animals-to-chronic-ionizing-radiation-model-predictions-from-mice-to-elephant
#2
Tatiana G Sazykina
Model predictions of population response to chronic ionizing radiation (endpoint 'morbidity') were made for 11 species of warm-blooded animals, differing in body mass and lifespan - from mice to elephant. Predictions were made also for 3 bird species (duck, pigeon, and house sparrow). Calculations were based on analytical solutions of the mathematical model, simulating a population response to low-LET ionizing radiation in an ecosystem with a limiting resource (Sazykina, Kryshev, 2016). Model parameters for different species were taken from biological and radioecological databases; allometric relationships were employed for estimating some parameter values...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156288/determination-and-validation-of-soil-thresholds-for-cadmium-based-on-food-quality-standard-and-health-risk-assessment
#3
Changfeng Ding, Yibing Ma, Xiaogang Li, Taolin Zhang, Xingxiang Wang
Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant with high rates of soil-plant transfer. It is essential to establish an accurate soil threshold for the implementation of soil management practices. This study takes root vegetable as an example to derive soil thresholds for Cd based on the food quality standard as well as health risk assessment using species sensitivity distribution (SSD). A soil type-specific bioconcentration factor (BCF, ratio of Cd concentration in plant to that in soil) generated from soil with a proper Cd concentration gradient was calculated and applied in the derivation of soil thresholds instead of a generic BCF value to minimize the uncertainty...
November 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156282/pesticides-in-agricultural-headwater-streams-in-southwestern-germany-and-effects-on-macroinvertebrate-populations
#4
Gero Weber, Nicole Christmann, Ann-Cathrin Thiery, Dieter Martens, Jochen Kubiniok
Pesticides are a major burden for stream ecosystems in the central European cultivated landscape. The objective of the present study was to investigate the applicability of ecological indicator methods in relation to toxicity of pesticides under the specific hydro-morphological conditions in small water bodies. Thus, an association of toxicity evaluating methods with different ecological indicators was to be attempted. Based on three random samples taken within the 2016 vegetation period, 23 headwater areas in the Saarland were investigated to test for pesticides and their metabolites...
November 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155257/contrasting-the-microbiomes-from-forest-rhizosphere-and-deeper-bulk-soil-from-an-amazon-rainforest-reserve
#5
Jose Pedro Fonseca, Luisa Hoffmann, Bianca Catarina Azeredo Cabral, Victor Hugo Giordano Dias, Marcio Rodrigues Miranda, Allan Cezar de Azevedo Martins, Clarissa Boschiero, Wanderley Rodrigues Bastos, Rosane Silva
Pristine forest ecosystems provide a unique perspective for the study of plant-associated microbiota since they host a great microbial diversity. Although the Amazon forest is one of the hotspots of biodiversity around the world, few metagenomic studies described its microbial community diversity thus far. Understanding the environmental factors that can cause shifts in microbial profiles is key to improving soil health and biogeochemical cycles. Here we report a taxonomic and functional characterization of the microbiome from the rhizosphere of Brosimum guianense (Snakewood), a native tree, and bulk soil samples from a pristine Brazilian Amazon forest reserve (Cuniã), for the first time by the shotgun approach...
November 15, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151841/microscope-image-based-fully-automated-stomata-detection-and-pore-measurement-method-for-grapevines
#6
Hiranya Jayakody, Scarlett Liu, Mark Whitty, Paul Petrie
Background: Stomatal behavior in grapevines has been identified as a good indicator of the water stress level and overall health of the plant. Microscope images are often used to analyze stomatal behavior in plants. However, most of the current approaches involve manual measurement of stomatal features. The main aim of this research is to develop a fully automated stomata detection and pore measurement method for grapevines, taking microscope images as the input. The proposed approach, which employs machine learning and image processing techniques, can outperform available manual and semi-automatic methods used to identify and estimate stomatal morphological features...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149859/medicinal-plants-used-by-women-in-mecca-urban-muslim-and-gendered-knowledge
#7
Afnan Alqethami, Julie A Hawkins, Irene Teixidor-Toneu
BACKGROUND: This study explores medicinal plant knowledge and use among Muslim women in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Ethnobotanical research in the region has focused on rural populations and male herbal healers in cities, and based on these few studies, it is suggested that medicinal plant knowledge may be eroding. Here, we document lay, female knowledge of medicinal plants in an urban centre, interpreting findings in the light of the growing field of urban ethnobotany and gendered knowledge and in an Islamic context...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147882/growth-inhibition-patterns-and-transfer-factor-profiles-in-arsenic-stressed-rice-oryza-sativa-l
#8
Ha-Il Jung, Jinwook Lee, Mi-Jin Chae, Myung-Suk Kong, Chang-Hoon Lee, Seong-Soo Kang, Yoo-Hak Kim
Arsenic (As) accumulation in rice owing to uptake from the soil is a critical human health issue. Here, we studied the chemical properties of As-treated soils, growth inhibition patterns of As-stressed rice plants, changes in the As content of soil and soil solutions, and the relationship between As accumulation and As transfer factor from the soil to the rice organs. Rice plants were cultivated in a greenhouse under four concentrations of As: 0 (control), 25, 50, and 75 mg kg(-1). A significant positive correlation was found between available P2O5 and exchangeable K and between As concentration and available P2O5 or exchangeable K...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145557/comparative-analysis-of-the-growth-pattern-of-thyroid-cancer-in-young-patients-screened-by-ultrasonography-in-japan-after-a-nuclear-accident-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#9
Sanae Midorikawa, Akira Ohtsuru, Michio Murakami, Hideto Takahashi, Satoru Suzuki, Takashi Matsuzuka, Hiroki Shimura, Tetsuya Ohira, Shin-Ichi Suzuki, Seiji Yasumura, Shunichi Yamashita, Hitoshi Ohto, Koichi Tanigawa, Kenji Kamiya
Importance: Thyroid cancer generally grows at a very slow rate in adults, and overdiagnosis is a global issue. However, the detection of early-stage thyroid cancer by screening is not well described in young patients. To prevent overdiagnosis, it is essential to understand the natural course of thyroid cancer growth detection by ultrasonography screening in young patients. Objective: To evaluate the natural progression of thyroid cancer in young patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: An observational study evaluated changes in the diameter of malignant or suspected malignant thyroid tumors on 2 occasions...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141237/influence-of-sewage-treatment-plant-effluent-discharge-into-multipurpose-river-on-its-water-quality-a-quantitative-health-risk-assessment-of-cryptosporidium-and-giardia
#10
Shumin Xiao, Sike Hu, Yan Zhang, Xiaoyun Zhao, Wenwei Pan
Sewage treatment plants (STPs) are one of the sources of pathogens discharged into surface water. An investigation was carried out over the duration of 12 months in Henan Province, China, to evaluate the health influence of municipal wastewater effluent discharge on water quality of the receiving water. A discharge-based quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) was employed, taking into account the vegetables consumption habits of the Chinese, population subgroups with different immune statuses and ages, to evaluate the incremental disease burden from agricultural irrigation and swimming exposure scenarios associated with increased concentration of the protozoan Cryptosporidium and/or Giardia in the receiving river...
November 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138203/does-the-impact-of-a-plant-based-diet-during-pregnancy-on-birth-weight-differ-by-ethnicity-a-dietary-pattern-analysis-from-a-prospective-canadian-birth-cohort-alliance
#11
Michael A Zulyniak, Russell J de Souza, Mateen Shaikh, Dipika Desai, Diana L Lefebvre, Milan Gupta, Julie Wilson, Gita Wahi, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Piush Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Joseph Beyene, Stephanie Atkinson, Katherine M Morrison, Sarah McDonald, Koon K Teo, Malcolm R Sears, Sonia S Anand
OBJECTIVE: Birth weight is an indicator of newborn health and a strong predictor of health outcomes in later life. Significant variation in diet during pregnancy between ethnic groups in high-income countries provides an ideal opportunity to investigate the influence of maternal diet on birth weight. SETTING: Four multiethnic birth cohorts based in Canada (the NutriGen Alliance). PARTICIPANTS: 3997 full-term mother-infant pairs of diverse ethnic groups who had principal component analysis-derived diet pattern scores-plant-based, Western and health-conscious-and birth weight data...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136413/first-metagenomic-survey-of-the-microbial-diversity-in-bioaerosols-emitted-in-waste-sorting-plants
#12
Jodelle Degois, Frederic Clerc, Xavier Simon, Cyril Bontemps, Pierre Leblond, Philippe Duquenne
Waste sorting activities are source of occupational bioaerosol exposures that are associated with several health disorders. New analytical tools, based on next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, provide powerful methods to assess the microbial composition of bioaerosols. The objectives of the study were (i) to assess the feasibility and the repeatability of NGS-based biodiversity measurements and (ii) to study the microbial biodiversity using NGS in bioaerosols emitted in a waste sorting plant (WSP)...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134858/ancel-benjamin-keys-1904-2004-his-early-works-and-the-legacy-of-the-modern-mediterranean-diet
#13
Basil H Aboul-Enein, William C Puddy, Joshua Bernstein
Culturally congruent dietary patterns have evolved with geographic and societal traditions and can be traced as far back as pre-Hellenistic Greece. Today, the modern Mediterranean diet (MDiet) is recognized internationally as an anti-obesogenic cardioprotective dietary model consisting of plant-based foods native to the Mediterranean basin, fish, olive oil, and an active lifestyle. With the assumption that obesity and heart disease rates adversely affected life expectancy, the MDiet was identified by Dr Ancel Keys as a primary characteristic among people-groups largely immune to these trends...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134767/availability-and-approval-of-cannabis-based-medicines-for-chronic-pain-management-and-palliative-supportive-care-in-europe-a-survey-of-the-status-in-the-chapters-of-the-european-pain-federation
#14
N Krcevski-Skvarc, C Wells, W Häuser
BACKGROUND: There is considerable public and political interest in the use of cannabis products for medical purposes. METHODS: The task force of the European Pain Federation (EFIC) conducted a survey with its national chapters representatives on the status of approval of all types of cannabis-based medicines, the covering of costs and the availability of a position paper of a national medical association on the use of medical cannabis for chronic pain and for symptom control in palliative/supportive care...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133124/proteomic-approaches-to-uncover-the-flooding-and-drought-stress-response-mechanisms-in-soybean
#15
REVIEW
Xin Wang, Setsuko Komatsu
Soybean is the important crop with abundant protein, vegetable oil, and several phytochemicals. With such predominant values, soybean is cultivated with a long history. However, flooding and drought stresses exert deleterious effects on soybean growth. The present review summarizes the morphological changes and affected events in soybean exposed to such extreme-water conditions. Sensitive organ in stressed soybean at different-developmental stages is presented based on protein profiles. Protein quality control and calcium homeostasis in the endoplasmic reticulum are discussed in soybean under both stresses...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133104/imparting-functionality-viz-color-antioxidant-and-antibacterial-properties-to-develop-multifunctional-wool-with-tectona-grandis-leaves-extract-using-reflectance-spectroscopy
#16
Shahid-Ul-Islam, Shahnawaz Ahmad Wani, Faqeer Mohammad
In recent years, considerable attention has been given to plant colorants for use in dyeing applications because of their newly discovered properties such as insect repellency, deodorizing, antioxidant, sun protection, and antibacterial activity. In view of their better biocompatibility, biodegradability, less-toxicity, natural colorants are gaining worldwide interest for producing elegant hues and highly functional value-added textiles. In the present work, we investigated the coloring and functional finishing of wool with Tectona grandis L leaves extract with the emphasis on effect of metallic salt mordants on colorimetric potential, fastness, radical scavenging potential, and antibacterial activity in an attempt to develop bioactive fibres for use in health care applications...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128800/beneficial-roles-of-honey-polyphenols-against-some-human-degenerative-diseases-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Md Sakib Hossen, Md Yousuf Ali, M H A Jahurul, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, Siew Hua Gan, Md Ibrahim Khalil
Honey contains many active constituents and antioxidants such as polyphenols. Polyphenols are phytochemicals, a generic term for the several thousand plant-based molecules with antioxidant properties. Many in vitro studies in human cell cultures as well as many animal studies confirm the protective effect of polyphenols on a number of diseases such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes, cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, pulmonary diseases, liver diseases and so on. Nevertheless, it is challenging to identify the specific biological mechanism underlying individual polyphenols and to determine how polyphenols impact human health...
July 4, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125587/polyphenol-rich-lentils-and-their-health-promoting-effects
#18
REVIEW
Kumar Ganesan, Baojun Xu
Polyphenols are a group of plant metabolites with potent antioxidant properties, which protect against various chronic diseases induced by oxidative stress. Evidence showed that dietary polyphenols have emerged as one of the prominent scientific interests due to their role in the prevention of degenerative diseases in humans. Possible health beneficial effects of polyphenols are measured based on the human consumption and their bioavailability. Lentil (Lens culinaris; Family: Fabaceae) is a great source of polyphenol compounds with various health-promoting properties...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124702/impact-of-uv-radiation-on-genome-stability-and-human-health
#19
Sujit Roy
Gradual depletion of the atmospheric ozone layer during the past few years has increased the incidence of solar UV radiation specifically the UV-C on earth's surface is one of the major environmental concerns because of the harmful effects of this radiation in all forms of life. The solar UV radiation including the harmful wavelength range of UV-B (280-320 nm) represents a significant climatic stress for both animals and plants, causing damage to the fundamental biomolecules such as DNA, proteins and lipids, thus activating genotoxic stress and induces genome instability...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122347/stable-and-radioactive-cesium-a-review-about-distribution-in-the-environment-uptake-and-translocation-in-plants-plant-reactions-and-plants-potential-for-bioremediation
#20
REVIEW
Anna Burger, Irene Lichtscheidl
Radiocesium in water, soil, and air represents a severe threat to human health and the environment. It either acts directly on living organisms from external sources, or it becomes incorporated through the food chain, or both. Plants are at the base of the food chain; it is therefore essential to understand the mechanisms of plants for cesium retention and uptake. In this review we summarize investigations about sources of stable and radioactive cesium in the environment and harmful effects caused by internal and external exposure of plants to radiocesium...
November 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
keyword
keyword
61403
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"