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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088871/herbal-medicine-practices-of-patients-with-liver-cancer-in-peru
#1
Teresa Rojas Rojas, Geneviève Bourdy, Eloy Ruiz, Juan-Pablo Cerapio, Pascal Pineau, Jacques Gardon, Franco Doimi, Xavier Deparis, Eric Deharo, Stéphane Bertani
RATIONALE: The highest burden of liver cancer occurs in developing countries, where the use of herbal medicine (HM) is still widespread. Despite this trend, few studies have been conducted to report HM practices of patients with a hepatic tumor in the developing world. Hence, this study aimed to document the use of HM among patients with liver cancer in Peru. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A comparative behavioral epidemiological survey was conducted among liver cancer patients attending the National Cancer Institute of Peru...
December 1, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088717/removal-of-antibiotic-resistance-genes-from-wastewater-treatment-plant-effluent-by-coagulation
#2
Na Li, Guo-Ping Sheng, Yong-Ze Lu, Raymond J Zeng, Han-Qing Yu
Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), as emerging environmental contaminants, have become a threat to human health. Recent studies have demonstrated that the effluent from wastewater treatment plants is a significant point source of ARGs released into the environment. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of coagulation technology in the removal of ARGs from treated wastewater. Specifically, we measured the removal of five ARGs (two sulfonamide resistance genes, sulI and sulII, and three tetracycline resistance genes, tetO, tetW and tetQ) and the class 1 integron intI1 gene via the application of two coagulants: FeCl3 and polyferric chloride (PFC)...
January 4, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086924/treating-infants-with-frigg-linking-disease-aetiologies-medicinal-plant-use-and-care-seeking-behaviour-in-southern-morocco
#3
Irene Teixidor-Toneu, Gary J Martin, Rajindra K Puri, Ahmed Ouhammou, Julie A Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Although most Moroccans rely to some extent on traditional medicine, the practice of frigg to treat paediatric ailments by elderly women traditional healers known as ferraggat, has not yet been documented. We describe the role of these specialist healers, document the medicinal plants they use, and evaluate how and why their practice is changing. METHODS: Ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured interviews and observations of medical encounters...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080994/global-food-and-fibre-security-threatened-by-current-inefficiencies-in-fungal-identification
#4
REVIEW
Pedro W Crous, Johannes Z Groenewald, Bernard Slippers, Michael J Wingfield
Fungal pathogens severely impact global food and fibre crop security. Fungal species that cause plant diseases have mostly been recognized based on their morphology. In general, morphological descriptions remain disconnected from crucially important knowledge such as mating types, host specificity, life cycle stages and population structures. The majority of current fungal species descriptions lack even the most basic genetic data that could address at least some of these issues. Such information is essential for accurate fungal identifications, to link critical metadata and to understand the real and potential impact of fungal pathogens on production and natural ecosystems...
December 5, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080986/clinical-implications-of-globally-emerging-azole-resistance-in-aspergillus-fumigatus
#5
REVIEW
Jacques F Meis, Anuradha Chowdhary, Johanna L Rhodes, Matthew C Fisher, Paul E Verweij
Aspergillus fungi are the cause of an array of diseases affecting humans, animals and plants. The triazole antifungal agents itraconazole, voriconazole, isavuconazole and posaconazole are treatment options against diseases caused by Aspergillus However, resistance to azoles has recently emerged as a new therapeutic challenge in six continents. Although de novo azole resistance occurs occasionally in patients during azole therapy, the main burden is the aquisition of resistance through the environment. In this setting, the evolution of resistance is attributed to the widespread use of azole-based fungicides...
December 5, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080984/modelling-coffee-leaf-rust-risk-in-colombia-with-climate-reanalysis-data
#6
Daniel P Bebber, Ángela Delgado Castillo, Sarah J Gurr
Many fungal plant diseases are strongly controlled by weather, and global climate change is thus likely to have affected fungal pathogen distributions and impacts. Modelling the response of plant diseases to climate change is hampered by the difficulty of estimating pathogen-relevant microclimatic variables from standard meteorological data. The availability of increasingly sophisticated high-resolution climate reanalyses may help overcome this challenge. We illustrate the use of climate reanalyses by testing the hypothesis that climate change increased the likelihood of the 2008-2011 outbreak of Coffee Leaf Rust (CLR, Hemileia vastatrix) in Colombia...
December 5, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077756/developing-a-risk-based-trading-scheme-for-cattle-in-england-farmer-perspectives-on-managing-trading-risk-for-bovine-tuberculosis
#7
R Little, K Wheeler, S Edge
This paper examines farmer attitudes towards the development of a voluntary risk-based trading scheme for cattle in England as a risk mitigation measure for bovine tuberculosis (bTB). The research reported here was commissioned to gather evidence on the type of scheme that would have a good chance of success in improving the information farmers receive about the bTB risk of cattle they buy. Telephone interviews were conducted with a stratified random sample of 203 cattle farmers in England, splitting the interviews equally between respondents in the high-risk area and low-risk area for bTB...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075460/roles-of-oncogenes-and-tumor-suppressor-genes-in-osteoclastogenesis-review
#8
Akari Minami, Mako Ogino, Noriko Nakano, Mayuko Ichimura, Atsuko Nakanishi, Toshiyuki Murai, Yasuko Kitagishi, Satoru Matsuda
Osteoporosis is a bone disease that poses a tremendous burden to health care. The receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANK) and its ligand (RANKL) have been a major focus of this research field. RANKL signaling not only activates a variety of downstream signaling pathways required for osteoclast development, but crosstalk with other signaling pathways also adjusts bone homeostasis both in normal physiology and in bone disease. Consequently, novel drugs specifically targeting RANK-RANKL and their signaling pathways in osteoclasts are expected to revolutionize the treatment of various bone diseases such as osteoporosis...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073746/mirdis-a-web-tool-for-endogenous-and-exogenous-microrna-discovery-based-on-deep-sequencing-data-analysis
#9
Hanyuan Zhang, Bruno Vieira Resende E Silva, Juan Cui
Small RNA sequencing is the most widely used tool for microRNA (miRNA) discovery, and shows great potential for the efficient study of miRNA cross-species transport, i.e., by detecting the presence of exogenous miRNA sequences in the host species. Because of the increased appreciation of dietary miRNAs and their far-reaching implication in human health, research interests are currently growing with regard to exogenous miRNAs bioavailability, mechanisms of cross-species transport and miRNA function in cellular biological processes...
January 10, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073099/golden-root-a-wholesome-treat-of-immunity
#10
REVIEW
Kunjan Khanna, K P Mishra, Lilly Ganju, Shashi Bala Singh
Rhodiola is native to the high altitude regions of Asia, Europe and Northern Hemisphere. It has a long history of use as a medicinal plant in various ailments, boosting immunity, increasing energy and mental capacity. It is also known as "Adaptogen" to help the body to adapt and resist stress. The part of the plant, which is used for medicinal values, is rhizome, which is an underground stem. The rhizome contains mainly salidroside, rosin, rosavin and p-tyrosol. There are many studies, which have reported the effects of Rhodiola spp...
January 7, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069190/rsm-and-ann-modeling-based-optimization-approach-for-the-development-of-ultrasound-assisted-liposome-encapsulation-of-piceid
#11
Shang-Ming Huang, Chia-Hung Kuo, Chun-An Chen, Yung-Chuan Liu, Chwen-Jen Shieh
Piceid, a naturally occurring derivative of resveratrol found in many plants, has recently been considered as a potential nutraceutical. However, its poorly water-soluble property could cause a coupled problem of biological activities concerning drug dispersion and absorption in human body, which is still unsolved now. Liposome, a well-known aqueous carrier for water-insoluble ingredients, is commonly applied in drug delivery systems. In this study, a feasible approach for solving the problem is that the targeted piceid was encapsulated into a liposomal formula as aqueous substrate to overcome its poor water-solubility...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068279/identifying-predictors-of-central-sleep-apnea-cheyne-stokes-breathing-in-chronic-heart-failure-a-pathophysiological-approach
#12
Aneliya I Draganova, Kiril V Terziyski, Stefan S Kostianev
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a major health problem associated with increased mortality, despite modern treatment options. Central sleep apnea (CSA)/Cheyne-Stokes breathing (CSB) is a common and yet largely under-diagnosed co-morbidity, adding significantly to the poor prognosis in CHF because of a number of acute and chronic effects, including intermittent hypoxia, sympathetic overactivation, disturbed sleep architecture and impaired physical tolerance. It is characterized by repetitive periods of crescendo-decrescendo ventilatory pattern, alternating with central apneas and hypopneas...
December 1, 2016: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068147/do-wellness-tourists-get-well-an-observational-study-of-multiple-dimensions-of-health-and-well-being-after-a-week-long-retreat
#13
Marc M Cohen, Fiona Elliott, Liza Oates, Adrian Schembri, Nitin Mantri
BACKGROUND: Wellness retreats use many complementary and alternative therapies within a holistic residential setting, yet few studies have evaluated the effect of retreat experiences on multiple dimensions of health and well-being, and no published studies have reported health outcomes in wellness tourists. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of a week-long wellness-retreat experience in wellness tourists. DESIGN: A longitudinal observational study with outcomes assessed upon arrival and departure and 6 weeks after the retreat...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067285/residential-exposure-to-chlorinated-hydrocarbons-from-groundwater-contamination-and-the-impairment-of-renal-function-an-ecological-study
#14
Hui-Ming Chen, Ming-Tsang Wu
Groundwater pollution from the petrochemical industry causes serious deterioration of soil and groundwater quality and impacts on human health worldwide. However, few studies have examined the effect of residential exposure to petrochemical chlorinated hydrocarbon-contaminated groundwater on renal function impairment in humans. We conducted an ecological study to investigate the two. A polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plant was located in one of the six villages, the study area, in Kaohsiung city of southwestern Taiwan...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060404/diversity-and-composition-of-rhizospheric-soil-and-root-endogenous-bacteria-in-panax-notoginseng-during-continuous-cropping-practices
#15
Yong Tan, Yinshan Cui, Haoyu Li, Anxiu Kuang, Xiaoran Li, Yunlin Wei, Xiuling Ji
Rhizobacteria and endophytic bacteria play important roles in protecting host plants from infection by phytopathogens, which cause soil-borne diseases and severely impair plant health. Panax notoginseng is negatively affected by continuous cropping and becomes vulnerable to attack by microbial pathogens. In the present study, culture-independent Illumina MiSeq was used to investigate root-endophytic and rhizospheric bacteria in response to continuous cropping of P. notoginseng. Numbers of rhizospheric bacteria decreased with continuous P...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057079/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-use-of-khat-a-survey-of-patients-entering-hiv-treatment-programs-in-ethiopia
#16
Alan R Lifson, Sale Workneh, Tibebe Shenie, Desalegn Admassu Ayana, Zenebe Melaku, Lemlem Bezabih, Hiwot Tekle Waktola, Behailu Dagne, Rose Hilk, Ken C Winters, Lucy Slater
BACKGROUND: Khat, a plant native to East Africa, has psychoactive constituents similar to amphetamine. Chronic khat use can lead to psychological dependence with multiple physical and mental health harms, complicating clinical management of people living with HIV. In two Ethiopian cities where khat is common, we evaluated prevalence and correlates of khat use among patients new to HIV care. METHODS: During 2013-2014, we surveyed 322 patients recently enrolled in HIV clinics in Dire Dawa and Harar about khat use, demographics, smoking and alcohol use, clinical illness, food insecurity, and social support...
January 6, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056757/phytochemical-therapies-in-vascular-functioning-a-molecular-approach
#17
Hasan Gencoglu, Cemal Orhan, Kazim Sahin
There has been an increasing interest in the usage of natural products for the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). Regular consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole grains has been shown to be negatively correlated with the risk of CVDs. These foods provide a diversity of nutrients and different bioactive compounds including phytochemicals, vitamins, minerals and fibers which play critical roles in the sustainability of optimal cardiovascular health. Plant-based foods or a nutritional cure are gradually being integrated into medical practice for CVD management partly due to the supporting experimental studies, clinical trials and epidemiological studies...
January 5, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056495/novel-rosaceae-plant-elicitor-peptides-as-sustainable-tools-to-control-xanthomonas-arboricola-pv-pruni-in-prunus-spp
#18
Cristina Ruiz, Anna Nadal, Emilio Montesinos, Maria Pla
Fruit crops are regarded as important health promoters and constitute a major part of global agricultural production, and Rosaceae species are of high economic impact. Their culture is threatened by bacterial diseases, which control is only based on preventive treatment with compounds with limited efficacy and a negative environmental impact. One of the most economically relevant examples is the pathogen Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Xap) affecting Prunus spp. Plant immune response against pathogens can be triggered and amplified by plant elicitor peptides (Peps), perceived by specific receptors (PEPRs)...
January 5, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054954/plant-growth-biostimulants-dietary-feed-supplements-and-cosmetics-formulated-with-supercritical-co%C3%A2-algal-extracts
#19
REVIEW
Izabela Michalak, Katarzyna Chojnacka, Agnieszka Saeid
The review paper presents the use of algal extracts as safe and solvent-free components of plant growth biostimulants, dietary feed additives and cosmetics. Innovative technology that uses extracts obtained by supercritical CO₂ extraction, as a method of isolation of biologically active compounds from algal biomass, is presented. An important part of the complete technology is the final formulation of the product. This enabled realization of the further step which was assessment of the utilitarian properties of the extract-based products...
January 3, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048941/nematicidal-activity-of-trans-2-hexenal-against-southern-root-knot-nematode-meloidogyne-incognita-on-tomato-plants
#20
Hongbao Lu, Shuangyu Xu, Wenjuan Zhang, Chunmei Xu, Beixing Li, Daxia Zhang, Wei Mu, Feng Liu
Botanical nematicides have recently received increasing interest because of the high risks of some traditional nematicides to human health and the environment. This study evaluated the nematicidal activity of a plant volatile, trans-2-hexenal, against Meloidogyne incognita. This compound exhibited higher activity in a fumigation experiment than in the aqueous phase in vitro. Both in pot tests and in field trials, trans-2-hexenal showed significant efficacy against M. incognita while maintaining excellent plant growth, especially at doses of 1000 and 500 L ha(-1), which were superior to that of abamectin at 180 g ha(-1) via hole application treatment but not significantly different from fumigation with 400 kg ha(-1) of dazomet...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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