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Plant Based Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350517/anti-inflammatory-diet-in-clinical-practice
#1
Mari Anoushka Ricker, William Christian Haas
Recently, there has been an increase in the research regarding the impact of acute and chronic inflammation on health and disease. Specific foods are now known to exert strong effects on inflammatory pathways within the body. Carefully selecting foods that are anti-inflammatory in nature while avoiding foods that are proinflammatory is central to an anti-inflammatory diet plan. Ultimately, the plan models a pattern of eating that (1) focuses on eating whole, plant-based foods that are rich in healthy fats and phytonutrients and (2) maintains a stable glycemic response...
March 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345684/-analysis-of-changes-in-radiographic-lung-image-and-lung-ventilation-disorders-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-chrysotile-in-the-past
#2
Elżbieta Cwynar, Beata Świątkowska, Jarosław Tomczyk
BACKGROUND: The adverse health effects of occupational exposure to asbestos dust may occur several years after first exposure. The objective of the study was to assess the relationship between lesions in the respiratory system and the factors contributing to occupational exposure to asbestos described in the first medical examination as well as to analyze the factors responsible for the progression of these changes in further medical tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 591 former workers of asbestos processing plant "Gambit" in Lubawka...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345666/members-of-gammaproteobacteria-as-indicator-species-of-healthy-banana-plants-on-fusarium-wilt-infested-fields-in-central-america
#3
Martina Köberl, Miguel Dita, Alfonso Martinuz, Charles Staver, Gabriele Berg
Culminating in the 1950's, bananas, the world's most extensive perennial monoculture, suffered one of the most devastating disease epidemics in history. In Latin America and the Caribbean, Fusarium wilt (FW) caused by the soil-borne fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (FOC), forced the abandonment of the Gros Michel-based export banana industry. Comparative microbiome analyses performed between healthy and diseased Gros Michel plants on FW-infested farms in Nicaragua and Costa Rica revealed significant shifts in the gammaproteobacterial microbiome...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344030/antibacterial-activity-of-medicinal-plants-from-the-physicians-of-myddvai-a-13-th-century-welsh-medical-manuscript
#4
Charles Wagner, Jillian De Gezelle, Maureen Robertson, Keith Robertson, Mickey Wilson, Slavko Komarnytsky
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Antimicrobial drug resistance is a growing threat to global public health. Historical records and herbal texts relating to traditional Celtic medicine indicate an extensive pharmacopeia of plants for treating infections likely caused by microbes. However, a major barrier for successful integration of these remedies into mainstream practice is the current lack of accurate interpretation and scientific validation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We applied Mobile Discovery approach to the Isle of Arran, Scotland, for in situ targeted screening of 83 out of 138 plants identified in Meddygion Myddvai (a 13(th) century Welsh manuscript) to treat conditions related to microbial infections, and an additional 18 plants from modern ethnobotanical knowledge on the island...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343280/relationships-between-work-related-factors-and-musculoskeletal-health-with-current-and-future-work-ability-among-male-workers
#5
J S Boschman, A Noor, R Lundström, T Nilsson, J K Sluiter, M Hagberg
PURPOSE: The purpose was to increase job-specific knowledge about individual and work-related factors and their relationship with current and future work ability (WA). We studied cross-sectional relationships between mental demands, physical exertion during work, grip strength, musculoskeletal pain in the upper extremities and WA and the relationships between these variables and WA 11 years later. METHODS: We used a dataset of a prospective cohort study (1997-2008) among employees of an engineering plant (n = 157)...
March 25, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342346/can-wastewater-based-epidemiology-be-used-to-evaluate-the-health-impact-of-temperature-an-exploratory-study-in-an-australian-population
#6
Dung Phung, Jochen Mueller, Foon Yin Lai, Jake O'Brien, Nhung Dang, Lidia Morawska, Phong K Thai
Ambient temperature is known to have impact on population health but assessing its impact by the traditional cohort approach is resource intensive. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) could be an alternative for the traditional approach. This study was to provide the first evaluation to see if WBE can be used to assess the impact of temperature exposure to a population in South East Queensland, Australia using selected pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) as biomarkers. Daily loads of eight PPCPs in wastewater collected from a wastewater treatment plant were measured from February 2011 to June 2012...
March 22, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341675/investigating-enterobius-vermicularis-as-a-novel-surrogate-of-helminth-ova-presence-in-tertiary-wastewater-treatment-plants
#7
Sydney P Rudko, Norma J Ruecker, Nicholas J Ashbolt, Norman F Neumann, Patrick C Hanington
Significant effort has gone into assessing the fate and removal of viruses, bacteria and protozoan parasites during wastewater treatment to provide data addressing potential health risks associated with reuse options. Comparatively less is known about the fate of parasitic worm ova species in these complex systems. It is largely assumed that these helminths settle and are removed with the sludge, and consequently represent a relatively low risk for wastewater reuse applications. However, helminths are a highly diverse group of organisms that display a wide range of physical properties that complicate the application of a single performance expectation for helminth reduction during wastewater treatment...
March 24, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337797/standardized-sophora-pachycarpa-root-extract-enhances-osteogenic-differentiation-in-adipose-derived-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#8
Samaneh Mollazadeh, Vajiheh Neshati, Bibi Sedigheh Fazly Bazzaz, Mehrdad Iranshahi, Majid Mojarrad, Hojjat Naderi-Meshkin, Mohammad Amin Kerachian
Bone defect is an important topic in public health. Novel therapies are based on osteogenic induction by natural antiosteoporotic compounds including plant-derived estrogens. In the current study, the osteogenic potential of Sophora pachycarpa root extract (SPRE) was explored on human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Herein, adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells were osteoinducted in the presence of increased concentrations of the extract for 21 days. Then, cell viability was evaluated by MTT assay, and the differentiated cells were stained by Alizarin Red S for calcium deposition and subjected to alkaline phosphatase (ALP) assay for enzymatic activity...
March 24, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333085/ebasis-bioactive-substances-in-food-information-systems-and-bioactive-intakes-major-updates-of-the-bioactive-compound-composition-and-beneficial-bioeffects-database-and-the-development-of-a-probabilistic-model-to-assess-intakes-in-europe
#9
Jenny Plumb, Sandrine Pigat, Foteini Bompola, Maeve Cushen, Hannah Pinchen, Eric Nørby, Siân Astley, Jacqueline Lyons, Mairead Kiely, Paul Finglas
eBASIS (Bioactive Substances in Food Information Systems), a web-based database that contains compositional and biological effects data for bioactive compounds of plant origin, has been updated with new data on fruits and vegetables, wheat and, due to some evidence of potential beneficial effects, extended to include meat bioactives. eBASIS remains one of only a handful of comprehensive and searchable databases, with up-to-date coherent and validated scientific information on the composition of food bioactives and their putative health benefits...
March 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326185/dna-informed-breeding-of-rosaceous-crops-promises-progress-and-prospects
#10
REVIEW
Cameron P Peace
Crops of the Rosaceae family provide valuable contributions to rural economies and human health and enjoyment. Sustained solutions to production challenges and market demands can be met with genetically improved new cultivars. Traditional rosaceous crop breeding is expensive and time-consuming and would benefit from improvements in efficiency and accuracy. Use of DNA information is becoming conventional in rosaceous crop breeding, contributing to many decisions and operations, but only after past decades of solved challenges and generation of sufficient resources...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321366/climate-change-induced-range-shifts-of-three-allergenic-ragweeds-ambrosia-l-in-europe-and-their-potential-impact-on-human-health
#11
Karen Rasmussen, Jakob Thyrring, Robert Muscarella, Finn Borchsenius
Invasive allergenic plant species may have severe health-related impacts. In this study we aim to predict the effects of climate change on the distribution of three allergenic ragweed species (Ambrosia spp.) in Europe and discuss the potential associated health impact. We built species distribution models based on presence-only data for three ragweed species, using MAXENT software. Future climatic habitat suitability was modeled under two IPCC climate change scenarios (RCP 6.0 and RCP 8.5). We quantify the extent of the increase in 'high allergy risk' (HAR) areas, i...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315418/importance-of-perceived-naturalness-for-acceptance-of-food-additives-and-cultured-meat
#12
Michael Siegrist, Bernadette Sütterlin
Four experiments examined some factors influencing the perceived naturalness of food products and their biasing effect on risk perception. The results of Experiment 1a showed that three food additives displaying their respective E-numbers (i.e., codes for food additives in the European Union and Switzerland) decreased perceived naturalness. Experiment 1b demonstrated that mentioning possible health effects decreased the perceived naturalness of a plant-based food additive. This experiment further showed that it would not matter for perceived naturalness whether the food was synthetic or nature-identical...
March 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303392/lettuce-flavonoids-screening-and-phenotyping-by-chlorophyll-fluorescence-excitation-ratio
#13
Marek Zivcak, Klaudia Brückova, Oksana Sytar, Marian Brestic, Katarina Olsovska, Suleyman I Allakhverdiev
Environmentally induced variation and the genotypic differences in flavonoid and phenolic content in lettuce can be reliably detected using the appropriate parameters derived from the records of rapid non-invasive fluorescence technique. The chlorophyll fluorescence excitation ratio method was designed as a rapid and non-invasive tool to estimate the content of UV-absorbing phenolic compounds in plants. Using this technique, we have assessed the dynamics of accumulation of flavonoids related to developmental changes and environmental effects...
March 16, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302991/the-effect-of-telephone-support-to-evacuees-with-risks-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-after-a-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#14
Naoko Horikoshi, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Hirooki Yabe, Masaharu Maeda
Objectives Fukushima Medical University has been conducting the Fukushima Health Management Survey "Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey" annually as part of the health care of evacuees following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. This study aimed to clarify the effects of telephone support performed by nurses or public health nurses. In particular, we investigated the response rates for questionnaire of the following year and the recommended effect of medical support for evacuees with risks of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in the fiscal year 2011 (FY2011)...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301475/multiple-ecosystem-services-in-a-working-landscape
#15
Danny J Eastburn, Anthony T O'Geen, Kenneth W Tate, Leslie M Roche
Policy makers and practitioners are in need of useful tools and models for assessing ecosystem service outcomes and the potential risks and opportunities of ecosystem management options. We utilize a state-and-transition model framework integrating dynamic soil and vegetation properties to examine multiple ecosystem services-specifically agricultural production, biodiversity and habitat, and soil health-across human created vegetation states in a managed oak woodland landscape in a Mediterranean climate. We found clear tradeoffs and synergies in management outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298690/quality-attributes-phytochemical-profile-and-storage-stability-studies-of-functional-ready-to-serve-rts-drink-made-from-blend-of-aloe-vera-sweet-lime-amla-and-ginger
#16
Lokesh K Mishra, Danme Sangma
Aloe vera based RTS formulation was prepared in this study which provides the health benefits of this wonder plant and was also appealing in terms of sensory qualities. In the present study four formulations of A. vera RTS drink with ginger, sweet lime and amla (V1, V2, V3 and V4 were developed). The developed products were subjected to physico-chemical, organoleptic and microbial analysis. The formulation V3 was found to be the most preferred variant with respect to the sensory quality. Further the blends were found to be a good source of vitamin C and other nutritional parameters...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298279/the-potential-impact-of-animal-science-research-on-global-maternal-and-child-nutrition-and-health-a-landscape-review
#17
REVIEW
Jack Odle, Sheila K Jacobi, R Dean Boyd, Dale E Bauman, Russell V Anthony, Fuller W Bazer, Adam L Lock, Andrew C Serazin
High among the challenges facing mankind as the world population rapidly expands toward 9 billion people by 2050 is the technological development and implementation of sustainable agriculture and food systems to supply abundant and wholesome nutrition. In many low-income societies, women and children are the most vulnerable to food insecurity, and it is unequivocal that quality nutrition during the first 1000 d of life postconception can be transformative in establishing a robust, lifelong developmental trajectory...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289515/biochemical-strategies-for-the-detection-and-detoxification-of-toxic-chemicals-in-the-environment
#18
EDITORIAL
Ferdinando Febbraio
Addressing the problems related to the widespread presence of an increasing number of chemicals released into the environment by human activities represents one of the most important challenges of this century. In the last few years, to replace the high cost, in terms of time and money, of conventional technologies, the scientific community has directed considerable research towards the development both of new detection systems for the measurement of the contamination levels of chemicals in people's body fluids and tissue, as well as in the environment, and of new remediation strategies for the removal of such chemicals from the environment, as a means of the prevention of human diseases...
February 26, 2017: World Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286649/protein-hydrolysates-in-animal-nutrition-industrial-production-bioactive-peptides-and-functional-significance
#19
REVIEW
Yongqing Hou, Zhenlong Wu, Zhaolai Dai, Genhu Wang, Guoyao Wu
Recent years have witnessed growing interest in the role of peptides in animal nutrition. Chemical, enzymatic, or microbial hydrolysis of proteins in animal by-products or plant-source feedstuffs before feeding is an attractive means of generating high-quality small or large peptides that have both nutritional and physiological or regulatory functions in livestock, poultry and fish. These peptides may also be formed from ingested proteins in the gastrointestinal tract, but the types of resultant peptides can vary greatly with the physiological conditions of the animals and the composition of the diets...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285908/are-cdi-systems-multicolored-facultative-helping-greenbeards
#20
REVIEW
Elizabeth S Danka, Erin C Garcia, Peggy A Cotter
Competitive and cooperative interactions between organisms, including bacteria, can significantly impact the composition of a community and the fitness of its members, as well as the fitness of their hosts when communities are living on or within other organisms. Understanding the underlying mechanisms is critical to the development of strategies to control microbiological communities that impact animal and plant health and also for understanding the evolution of social behaviors, which has been challenging for evolutionary biologists...
March 9, 2017: Trends in Microbiology
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