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osteosarcoma staging

Hye-In Jeong, Mi Jee Lee, Woong Nam, In-Ho Cha, Hyung Jun Kim
Objectives: In order to assess clinical behavior, response to treatment, and factors influencing prognosis of Korean patients with osteosarcoma of the jaws (OSJ). Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of clinical, and pathological records of 26 patients with OSJ treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Yonsei University Dental Hospital from 1990 to March 2017. Results: Of 26 patients, there were 9 men (34.6%) and 17 women (65...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Hong Liu, Ping Li, Liang Chen, Chao Jian, Zonghuan Li, Aixi Yu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been considered as promising diagnostic biomarkers for many diseases, especially for cancers. Numerous studies have reported the value of miRNAs in the diagnosis of osteosarcoma (OS), but the results vary greatly across different studies. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to assess the prospective diagnostic value of miRNAs in diagnosing OS. All relevant articles from prior to July 28, 2017 were selected from PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wan-fang databases...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
Chunlei Cong, Wenbo Wang, Jun Tian, Tianqi Gao, Weizhuo Zheng, Changlin Zhou
BACKGROUND: It has been demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the carcinogenesis of osteosarcoma. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the diagnostic and prognostic value of serum miR-124 in osteosarcoma. METHODS: The serum miR-124 expression levels in 114 osteosarcoma patients, 40 periostitis patients and 50 normal controls were detected using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR)...
November 3, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Cheng Yang, Guijiang Wang, Jian Yang, Liguo Wang
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary bone malignancies. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are key regulatory RNAs which takes part in several biological processes. LncRNA neuroblastoma associated transcript 1 (NBAT1) is a newly identified functional lncRNA. NBAT1 functions as a tumor suppressor in some cancers. However, the expression pattern, the biological function and the mechanisms of NBAT1 in OS progress have not been elucidated. In this study, for the first time, we found that NBAT1 expression is downregulated in OS tissues and cell lines and is associated with clinical stage, distant metastasis and poor prognosis...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
Xin Zhao, Yukai Yang, Jianting Xu, Yang Luo, Ying Xin, Yanbing Wang
The purpose of the present study was to examine the function of microRNA-95-3p on cell growth of osteosarcoma and to investigate its mechanism. Compared to healthy controls, the serum expression of microRNA-95-3p was effectively upregulated in patients with osteosarcoma. MicroRNA-95-3p expression in patients with osteosarcoma had significant association with clinical stage. Downregulation of microRNA-95-3p expression suppressed cell growth, induced apoptosis, increased caspase-3 and caspase-9 activities and Bax/Bcl-2 protein expression in osteosarcoma cells...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Reports
Xiang Chen, Ping Xu, Jianwei Zhu, Fan Liu
Naked cuticle homolog 1 (NKD1), a negative modulator of the canonical Wnt/β‑catenin pathway, is expressed in multiple normal tissues. However, there is little information regarding NKD1 expression in osteosarcoma. The aim of the present study was to explore the expression and clinicopathological significance of NKD1 in human osteosarcoma. In the present study, NKD1 protein and mRNA expression levels were detected by western blotting and reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction, respectively...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Wei Liu, XiaoTao Zhao, Ying-Jian Zhang, Guang-Wen Fang, Yuan Xue
Objective This study was performed to examine serum microRNA-375 (miR-375) expression in patients with osteosarcoma and determine its diagnostic and prognostic value. Methods Serum samples were obtained from 95 patients with osteosarcoma and 95 healthy individuals. miR-375 expression was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The associations of serum miR-375 expression with the patients' clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis were then evaluated. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to obtain the potential value of serum miR-375 as a biomarker for osteosarcoma diagnosis and chemosensitivity prediction...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
Weitao Yao, Qiqing Cai, Jiaqiang Wang, Songtao Gao
Limb sparing surgery in growing young patients with malignant tumors is difficult as invasion of the physis by the tumor or surgical resection through the metaphysis may cause significant limb discrepancy following surgery. At present, hinged tumor prosthesis or biological reconstructions are the main methods following tumor resection in these patients. The aim of the present study was to assess different procedures for the treatment of osteosarcoma around knee joints in immature patients. A retrospective study of 56 patients (<15 years old, open physis) who had been treated for osteosarcoma around the knee joint between January 2007 and December 2015 was performed...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
Zhe Jiang, Chunshan Jiang, Jinnv Fang
Long noncoding RNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (lnc-SNHG1) was reported to play an oncogenic role in the progression of cancers. However, the roles of SNHG1 and its molecular mechanism in osteosarcoma (OS) cells are largely unknown. In present study, we found that the expression of SNHG1 was up-regulated in OS tissues and cell lines. OS patients with the high SNHG1 expression were positively correlated with tumor size, TNM stage and lymph node metastasis. In addition, SNHG1 overexpression promoted cell proliferation, cell migration and EMT process in U2OS and MG63 cells and tumor growth in vivo...
November 8, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
A M J Reedijk, M van der Heiden-van der Loo, O Visser, H E Karim-Kos, J A Lieverst, J G de Ridder-Sluiter, J W W Coebergh, L C Kremer, R Pieters
BACKGROUND: Due to the complexity of diagnosis and treatment, care for children and young adolescents with cancer preferably occurs in specialised paediatric oncology centres with potentially better cure rates and minimal late effects. This study assessed where children with cancer in the Netherlands were treated since 2004. METHODS: All patients aged under 18 diagnosed with cancer between 2004 and 2013 were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry (NCR) and linked with the Dutch Childhood Oncology Group (DCOG) database...
November 3, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
Qicai Li, Shirong Song, Guanzhen Ni, Yu Li, Xiaohui Wang
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence has suggested that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in body fluids have novel diagnostic and prognostic significance for patients with malignant diseases. The lack of useful biomarkers is a crucial problem of osteosarcoma (OS); Previous study has reported that miR-542-3p was significantly upregulated in osteosarcoma tissues and miR-542-3p may be as an oncogene in osteosarcoma pathogenesis. In our study, we investigated the circulating miR-542-3p and its clinical relevance in osteosarcoma...
October 18, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Chuanzhen Hu, Junxiang Wen, Liangzhi Gong, Xu Chen, Jun Wang, Fangqiong Hu, Qi Zhou, Jing Liang, Li Wei, Yuhui Shen, Weibin Zhang
Microenvironment at the metastatic locus usually differs greatly from that present in the site of primary tumor formation and it has a significant impact on the fate of the extravasated cancer cells. We compared gene expression signatures of primary tumors and lung metastatic tumors, and identified Thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) as highly up-regulated in the lung metastatic tumors. Immunohistochemical staining further indicated that TSP1 protein expression was higher in lung metastatic tumors compared to primary tumors in both osteosarcoma xenograft model and human clinical samples...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
Hikmet Gulsah Tanyildiz, Gulsah Kaygusuz, Emel Unal, Nurdan Tacyildiz, Handan Dincaslan, Gulsan Yavuz
Fascin plays a role in tumor metastasis under the influence of TGF-β, each potentiating the effect of the other. We retrospectively investigated whether there was a prognostic relationship between TGF-β and fascin, and disease stage, local recurrence, metastasis tendency, and response to treatment. Twelve neuroblastomas, 17 osteosarcomas, 14 Ewing's sarcomas, 15 rhabdomyosarcoma cases, and 8 rare solid tumors were included. Serum TGF-β levels were high at the time of diagnosis in all groups (p = .015) and decreased significantly during remission (p = ...
October 24, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Zhi Li, S M Reza Soroushmehr, Yingqi Hua, Min Mao, Yunping Qiu, Kayvan Najarian
Metabolomic data analysis presents a unique opportunity to advance our understanding of osteosarcoma, a common bone malignancy for which genomic and proteomic studies have enjoyed limited success. One of the major goals of metabolomic studies is to classify osteosarcoma in early stages, which is required for metastasectomy treatment. In this paper we subject our metabolomic data on osteosarcoma patients collected by the SJTU team to three classification methods: logistic regression, support vector machine (SVM) and random forest (RF)...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Qingchun Cai, Sixiang Zeng, Xing Dai, Junlong Wu, Wei Ma
An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that microRNAs participate in the development of osteosarcoma by acting as tumour suppressor or tumour-promoting genes. We investigated the role of miR-504 in the growth and metastasis of osteosarcoma. The expression of miR-504 in clinical osteosarcoma samples was higher than that in the adjacent normal tissue and correlated with tumour size and clinical stage. Tumour protein p53-inducible nuclear protein 1 (TP53INP1) was downregulated in the clinical osteosarcoma samples compared with the adjacent normal tissues and was consistently correlated with the clinical stage...
September 21, 2017: Oncology Reports
Zhaofeng Wang, Xianjie Sun, Yi Bao, Juanfen Mo, Hengchao Du, Jichao Hu, Xingen Zhang
In the present study, knockdown of E2F1 impaired the migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells. Further analysis showed that E2F1 knockdown decreased the expression of discoidin domain receptor 1 (DDR1) which plays a crucial role in many fundamental processes such as cell differentiation, adhesion, migration and invasion. Luciferase and ChIP assays confirmed that E2F1 silencing attenuated the expression of DDR1 through disrupting E2F1-mediated transcription of DDR1 in osteosarcoma cells. Similarly with the effect of E2F1 silencing, DDR1 knockdown weakened the migratory and invasive capabilities of osteosarcoma cells; while overexpression of DDR1 resulted in a significant increase of cell motility and invasiveness, even after knocking down E2F1...
December 2017: International Journal of Oncology
Chunan Zhong, Jijun Liu, Yuzhe Zhang, Jianping Luo, Jia Zheng
AIMS: Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary bone malignancy that affects adolescents. Although great attention has been paid to the diagnosis of and therapy for OS, the 5-year survival rate of patients with this disease remains poor. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs involved in pathogenesis and progression of human malignancies. MiR-139 has been implicated in several human cancers. However, the role played by miR-139 in pathogenesis of human OS has remained largely unknown. MAIN METHODS: Realtime PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-139...
October 6, 2017: Life Sciences
Zhengwen Sun, Qingxia Liu, Huanyu Hong, Haiguang Zhang, Guoqing Zhang
microRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in cancer development and progression. This study investigated the effects of miR-19 in human osteosarcoma (OS) development. Here, we showed that miR-19 was frequently upregulated in OS tissues and cell lines. Moreover the expression of miR-19 was associated with TNM stage, metastasis, size and poor overall survival. Mechanistically, miR-19 dramatically suppressed OS growth in vitro and in vivo. Bioinformatics analyses predicted that SOCS6 is a potential target gene of miR-19 in OS, which was confirmed by luciferase-reporter assay...
October 3, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Parunya Chaiyawat, Dumnoensun Pruksakorn, Areerak Phanphaisarn, Pimpisa Teeyakasem, Jeerawan Klangjorhor, Jongkolnee Settakorn
Epigenetic aberrations are recognized as having pivotal roles in cancer etiology and progression. Histone deacetylases are among the most studied epigenetic modulators in various cancer types. The expression levels of class I histone deacetylase isoforms 1, 2, and 3 in patient-derived primary osteosarcoma cells (6 cases) was investigated, comparing them to normal bone graft-derived osteoblasts (6 cases) using the immunoblotting technique. Expression profiles of histone deacetylases in high-grade osteosarcoma tissue of 89 patients were examined and their association with clinicopathologic parameters and the patient survival was evaluated...
October 6, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Dong-Dong Cheng, Bin Zhu, Shi-Jie Li, Ting Yuan, Qing-Cheng Yang, Cun-Yi Fan
Objectives: Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor in adolescents; however, the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis and progression of osteosarcoma remain to be elucidated. Researchers have provided valuable insights into the tumorigenesis of Ribosomal protein S9 (RPS9) in some cancers. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the expression, functions, and mechanisms of RPS9 in human osteosarcoma. Methods: The expression of RPS9 in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines was evaluated by qRT-PCR and western blotting...
2017: Journal of Cancer
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