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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928861/down-regulation-of-rps9-inhibits-osteosarcoma-cell-growth-through-inactivation-of-mapk-signaling-pathway
#1
Dong-Dong Cheng, Bin Zhu, Shi-Jie Li, Ting Yuan, Qing-Cheng Yang, Cun-Yi Fan
Objectives: Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor in adolescents; however, the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis and progression of osteosarcoma remain to be elucidated. Researchers have provided valuable insights into the tumorigenesis of Ribosomal protein S9 (RPS9) in some cancers. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the expression, functions, and mechanisms of RPS9 in human osteosarcoma. Methods: The expression of RPS9 in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines was evaluated by qRT-PCR and western blotting...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924385/dna-methylation-mediated-downregulation-of-mir-449c-controls-osteosarcoma-cell-cycle-progression-by-directly-targeting-oncogene-c-myc
#2
Qing Li, Hua Li, Xueling Zhao, Bing Wang, Lin Zhang, Caiguo Zhang, Fan Zhang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical regulators of gene expression, and they have broad roles in the pathogenesis of different diseases including cancer. Limited studies and expression profiles of miRNAs are available in human osteosarcoma cells. By applying a miRNA microarray analysis, we observed a number of miRNAs with abnormal expression in cancerous tissues from osteosarcoma patients. Of particular interest in this study was miR-449c, which was significantly downregulated in osteosarcoma cells and patients, and its expression was negatively correlated with tumor size and tumor MSTS stages...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924379/the-overexpression-of-carm1-promotes-human-osteosarcoma-cell-proliferation-through-the-pgsk3%C3%AE-%C3%AE-catenin-cyclind1-signaling-pathway
#3
Shijie Li, Dongdong Cheng, Bin Zhu, Qingcheng Yang
Osteosarcoma (OS) is a kind of malignant bone tumor that occurs frequently in the region surrounding the knee joint and poses a threat to the health of teenagers. Since the application of chemotherapy to treat OS, 5-year survival rate in patients has improved from 10% to 70%, but patient survival has not changed over the past four decades. Coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1) is a member of the PRMT protein family; it acts as an oncogene in many cancers, but its function in OS is still unknown...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912845/forkhead-box-c1-is-targeted-by-microrna-133b-and-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-migration-in-osteosarcoma
#4
Lu Deng, Tang Liu, Beibei Zhang, Haishan Wu, Jingping Zhao, Jindong Chen
Forkhead box C1 (FOXC1) has been demonstrated to act as an oncogene in a number of malignant tumors, though its underlying mechanism of action in osteosarcoma (OS) remains unknown. The present study evaluated the expression and regulatory role of FOXC1 in OS. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot data indicated that FOXC1 was significantly upregulated in OS tissues and cell lines when compared with adjacent non-tumor tissues (P<0.001) and normal human osteoblast cells (P<0...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903329/fractalkine-cx3cl1-induced-intercellular-adhesion-molecule-1-dependent-tumor-metastasis-through-the-cx3cr1-pi3k-akt-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-human-osteosarcoma
#5
Ju-Fang Liu, Ya-Ting Tsao, Chun-Han Hou
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone tumor in children and teens. The exact molecular mechanism underlying osteosarcoma progression still remains unclear. The CX3CL1/fractalkine has been implicated in various tumors but not in osteosarcoma. This study is the first to show that fractalkine promotes osteosarcoma metastasis by promoting cell migration. Fractalkine expression was higher in osteosarcoma cell lines than in normal osteoblasts. Fractalkine induced cell migration by upregulating intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression via CX3CR1/PI3K/Akt/NF-κB pathway in human osteosarcoma cells...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881805/down-regulation-of-human-positive-coactivator-4-suppress-tumorigenesis-and-lung-metastasis-of-osteosarcoma
#6
Xu Hu, Chao Zhang, Ying Zhang, Christopher S Hong, Wugui Chen, Weiwei Shen, Hongkai Wang, Jianrong He, Pei Chen, Yue Zhou, Chunmeng Shi, Tongwei Chu
Osteosarcoma is a kind of primary malignant bone tumor with the highest incidence and an extraordinarily poor prognosis and early pulmonary metastasis formation as a frequent occurrence. Transcriptional positive coactivator 4 (PC4) has multiple functions in DNA replication, transcription, repair and chromatin organization, even in tumorigenesis. However, the precise function of PC4 in osteosarcoma is still unclear and controversial. In this paper we found PC4 was upregulated in patient-derived osteosarcoma tissues compared to normal...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881260/activation-status-of-receptor-tyrosine-kinases-as-an-early-predictive-marker-of-response-to-chemotherapy-in-osteosarcoma
#7
Parunya Chaiyawat, Jeerawan Klangjorhor, Jongkolnee Settakorn, Voraratt Champattanachai, Areerak Phanphaisarn, Pimpisa Teeyakasem, Jisnuson Svasti, Dumnoensun Pruksakorn
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are membrane receptors that play a vital role in various biological processes, in particular, cell survival, cell proliferation, and cell differentiation. These cellular processes are composed of multitiered signaling cascades of kinases starting from ligand binding to extracellular domains of RTKs that activate the entire pathways through tyrosine phosphorylation of the receptors and downstream effectors. A previous study reported that, based on proteomics data, RTKs were a major candidate target for osteosarcoma...
September 4, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875882/osteosarcoma-patient-outcomes-at-a-south-african-tertiary-hospital
#8
L Lisenda, Z A Linda, F P J Snyman, R D Kyte, M Lukhele
BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumour. There is a high incidence of late presentation in the developing world, posing additional challenges in the treatment of this aggressive disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical outcomes of patients with osteosarcoma at Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital (CMJAH), a tertiary hospital in South Africa, and compare these with similar studies in the developing world. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 61 patients treated at CMJAH between 2007 and 2011, with a minimum follow-up of 1...
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869894/spock1-promotes-the-growth-of-osteosarcoma-cells-through-mtor-s6k-signaling-pathway
#9
Yuming Wang, Wei Wang, Enduo Qiu
SPOCK1 belongs to the SPARC family, which plays an important role in proliferation, invasion and migration of various tumour cells. However, the functions of SPOCK1 in osteosarcoma cell growth and proliferation have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we found that SPOCK1 is significantly upregulated in osteosarcoma tissue. Moreover, overexpression of SPOCK1 was associated with tumour size, metastasis, Enneking stage and pathological degree. Furthermore, knockdown of SPOCK1 expression suppressed the growth of osteosarcoma cells in vitro and reduced tumourigenicity in nude mice in vivo...
September 1, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866868/the-lncrna-hnf1a-as1-is-a-negative-prognostic-factor-and-promotes-tumorigenesis-in-osteosarcoma
#10
Lijun Cai, Jinhan Lv, Yinquan Zhang, Junhong Li, Yinong Wang, Huilin Yang
Recent studies have revealed that long noncoding RNA HNF1A-antisense 1 (HNF1A-AS1) plays an important role in the development of several human malignancy entities. However, the expression and function of HNF1A-AS1 in the carcinogenesis and development of osteosarcoma remains unknown. In this study, we detected the HNF1A-AS1 levels in human osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and investigated its role in osteosarcoma by using in vitro assays. Our study showed that HNF1A-AS1 expression was significantly up-regulated in human osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines compared with their normal counterparts, and its expression level was positively correlated with the distance metastasis (P = 0...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839218/rs1760944-polymorphism-in-the-ape1-region-is-associated-with-risk-and-prognosis-of-osteosarcoma-in-the-chinese-han-population
#11
Xing Xiao, Yun Yang, Yanjun Ren, Debo Zou, Kaining Zhang, Yingguang Wu
The effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at APE1 have been investigated in several types of cancer. However, no reports of the association of APE1 polymorphisms with osteosarcoma (OS) have been published. The present study was designed to determine whether APE1 polymorphisms (rs1130409, rs1760944, rs1760941, rs2275008, rs17111750) are associated with OS. A 2-stage case-control study was performed in a total of 378 OS patients and 616 normal controls. Individuals carrying TG and GG genotypes had significantly lower risk of developing OS than those with the WT genotype TT at rs1760944 (OR = 0...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810933/microrna-152-suppresses-human-osteosarcoma-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-by-targeting-e2f-transcription-factor-3
#12
Chao Ma, Jinfeng Han, Dong Dong, Nanya Wang
MicroRNA-152(miR-152) expression has been reported to be downregulated in osteosarcoma (OS). However, the role of miR-152 in OS is not well documented. In the present study, we aim to explore the function and underlying mechanism of miR-152 in OS. We found that miR-152 was underexpressed in OS tissues and cell lines. Decreased miR-152 was inversely correlated with lymph-node metastasis and advanced clinical stage. Overexpression of miR-152 significantly inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion of OS cells...
August 15, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810619/microrna-503-suppresses-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-in-osteosarcoma-via-targeting-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor
#13
Zili Wang, Chenhuang Zheng, Kunqi Jiang, Jinshen He, Xu Cao, Song Wu
MicroRNAs (miRs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs and have key roles in various cancer types. Recently, miR-503 has been reported to act as a tumor suppressor in osteosarcoma. However, the detailed mechanism of the regulatory role of miR-503 in osteosarcoma cell proliferation and invasion has largely remained elusive. The present study found that miR-503 was significantly downregulated in osteosarcoma tissues compared to that in matched adjacent non-tumorous tissues. In addition, the expression of miR-503 in osteosarcoma of T3-T4 stage was significantly lower when compared with that in T1-T2 stage samples...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810556/mir-187-inhibits-tumor-growth-and-invasion-by-directly-targeting-mapk12-in-osteosarcoma
#14
Chengliang Cui, Xiaoyu Shi
MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) play crucial roles in cancer development and progression. The purposes of this study were to investigate the role of miR-187 in osteosarcoma and clarify the regulation of MAPK12 by miR-187. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to examine miR-187 expression in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines. The clinicopathological significance of miR-187 downregulation was further analyzed. Transwell migration and invasion assays were performed. A luciferase reporter assay was conducted to confirm the target gene of miR-187, and the results were validated in cervical cancer tissues and cell lines...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802390/pediatric-head-and-neck-bone-sarcomas-an-analysis-of-204-cases
#15
Jacob S Brady, Sei Y Chung, Emily Marchiano, Jean Anderson Eloy, Soly Baredes, Richard Chan Woo Park
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the demographics, survival, and treatment efficacy of pediatric sarcomas of the facial skeleton and skull. METHODS: Retrospective study of cases from the US National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Pediatric patients between the ages of 0 and 18 diagnosed with a malignant sarcoma of either the mandible or the bones of skull, face, and associated joints from 1973 to 2013 were studied. RESULTS: In total, 204 patients were included in the analysis...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799187/safety-evaluation-of-combination-carboplatin-and-toceranib-phosphate-palladia-in-tumour-bearing-dogs-a-phase-i-dose-finding-study
#16
R M Wouda, S E Hocker, M L Higginbotham
Combining conventional cytotoxic maximum tolerated dose (MTD) chemotherapy with low-dose metronomic and/or anti-angiogenic agents is a exciting area of oncologic research. The objective of this study was to establish the MTD, safety and adverse event (AE) profile of 1 such drug combination. This prospective phase I dose-finding clinical trial assumed an open-label 3 + 3 cohort design. Client-owned dogs with 1 or more cytologically and/or histologically confirmed and macroscopically measurable, naive or recurrent, malignant tumours, were enrolled...
August 10, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791373/downregulation-of-bzw2-inhibits-osteosarcoma-cell-growth-by-inactivating-the-akt-mtor-signaling-pathway
#17
Dong-Dong Cheng, Shi-Jie Li, Bin Zhu, Ting Yuan, Qing-Cheng Yang, Cun-Yi Fan
Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor in adolescents. The function of basic leucine zipper and W2 domains 2 (BZW2) in tumor progression has been reported. However, the role and mechanisms of BZW2 in osteosarcoma remain to be determined. The aim of the present study was to reveal the expression and biological functions of BZW2 in osteosarcoma and to elucidate the proximal mechanisms underlying these functions. The expression of BZW2 in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines was assessed by qRT-PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry...
August 8, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778066/inhibition-of-lsd1-epigenetically-attenuates-oral-cancer-growth-and-metastasis
#18
Saqer F Alsaqer, Mustafa M Tashkandi, Vinay K Kartha, Ya-Ting Yang, Yazeed Alkheriji, Andrew Salama, Xaralabos Varelas, Maria Kukuruzinska, Stefano Monti, Manish V Bais
Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) is a nuclear histone demethylase and a member of the amine oxidase (AO) family. LSD1 is a flavin-containing AO that specifically catalyzes the demethylation of mono- and di-methylated histone H3 lysine 4 through an FAD-dependent oxidative reaction. LSD1 is inappropriately upregulated in lung, liver, brain and esophageal cancers, where it promotes cancer initiation, progression, and metastasis. However, unlike other lysine-specific demethylases, the role and specific targets of LSD1 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) pathogenesis remain unknown...
July 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772286/prevalence-of-cancer-at-baseline-screening-in-the-national-cancer-institute-li-fraumeni-syndrome-cohort
#19
Phuong L Mai, Payal P Khincha, Jennifer T Loud, Rosamma M DeCastro, Renée C Bremer, June A Peters, Chia-Ying Liu, David A Bluemke, Ashkan A Malayeri, Sharon A Savage
Importance: Establishment of an optimal cancer surveillance program is important to reduce cancer-related morbidity and mortality in individuals with Li-Fraumeni syndrome, a rare, highly penetrant cancer predisposition syndrome. Objective: To determine the feasibility and efficacy of a comprehensive cancer screening regimen in Li-Fraumeni syndrome, using multiple radiologic techniques, including rapid whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and laboratory measurements...
August 3, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741397/survival-and-prognostic-factors-at-time-of-diagnosis-in-high-grade-appendicular-osteosarcoma-a-21-year-single-institution-evaluation-from-east-denmark
#20
Thomas Colding-Rasmussen, Andrea Pohly Thorn, Peter Horstmann, Catherine Rechnitzer, Lisa Lyngsie Hjalgrim, Anders Krarup-Hansen, Michael Mørk Petersen
BACKGROUND: Survival of patients with high-grade osteosarcoma (HOS), the most common primary bone cancer, has not improved significantly the last 30 years and the disease remains a major challenge. The purpose of this study is to evaluate survival in relation to prognostic factors at time of diagnosis among patients diagnosed with primary appendicular HOS in East Denmark between 1990 and 2010. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 101 patients (median age = 20 years, female/male ratio = 56/45) diagnosed with primary appendicular high-grade osteosarcoma between 1990 and 2010 were included in this study...
July 25, 2017: Acta Oncologica
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