keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pressure ulcer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227337/six-nursing-care-problems-in-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study-of-quality-of-care
#1
Doris Eglseer, Manuela Hödl, Christa Lohrmann
Investigations about the quality of nursing care on structure, process, and outcome levels relating to various nursing care problems are rare. This cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted in 30 Austrian hospitals with 2878 patients. The quality of nursing care differed significantly with respect to the individual problems (pressure ulcer, incontinence, malnutrition, falls, restraints, pain), highlighting the need for studies that focus specifically on the quality of care and not merely on single nursing care problems...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227335/usefulness-of-the-braden-scale-in-intensive-care-units-a-study-based-on-electronic-health-record-data
#2
Yi Na Han, Jung Eun Choi, Yin Ji Jin, Tai Xian Jin, Sun-Mi Lee
Nurses working in intensive care units have expressed concern that some categories of the Braden scale such as activity and nutrition are not suitable for intensive care unit patients. Upon examining the validity of the Braden scale using the electronic health data, we found relatively low predictability of the tool. Risk factors from the sensory perception and activity categories were not associated with risk of pressure ulcers.
December 8, 2017: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226053/compression-stockings-and-pressure-ulcers-case-series-of-a-neglected-issue
#3
Farooq A Rathore, Faria Ahmad, Omer J Khan
Pressure ulcers develop in patients who endure long periods of immobilization, often caused by conditions such as musculoskeletal and neurological diseases. Pressure ulcers adversely affect the patient and increase caregiver burden and healthcare costs. Typical sites for these ulcers include the sacrum, trochanters, and heels; they also occur on the nape of the neck, penis, nostrils, helix of the ear, and upper back. Compression stockings are commonly used to prevent and stop the progression of venous disorders, including deep vein thrombosis, but their role in the development of pressure ulcers is not well known...
October 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225581/protective-effect-of-unacylated-ghrelin-on-compression-induced-skeletal-muscle-injury-mediated-by-sirt1-signaling
#4
Felix N Ugwu, Angus P Yu, Thomas K Sin, Bjorn T Tam, Christopher W Lai, S C Wong, Parco M Siu
Unacylated ghrelin, the predominant form of circulating ghrelin, protects myotubes from cell death, which is a known attribute of pressure ulcers. In this study, we investigated whether unacylated ghrelin protects skeletal muscle from pressure-induced deep tissue injury by abolishing necroptosis and apoptosis signaling and whether these effects were mediated by SIRT1 pathway. Fifteen adult Sprague Dawley rats were assigned to receive saline or unacylated ghrelin with or without EX527 (a SIRT1 inhibitor). Animals underwent two 6-h compression cycles with 100 mmHg static pressure applied over the mid-tibialis region of the right limb whereas the left uncompressed limb served as the intra-animal control...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225161/self-efficacy-and-pressure-ulcer-prevention-after-spinal-cord-injury-results-from-a-nationwide-community-survey-in-switzerland-swisci
#5
Kerstin Hug, Caroline Stumm, Isabelle Debecker, Carolina Saskia Fellinghauer, Claudio Peter, Magret Hund-Georgiadis
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers (PUs) are a common and severe health condition in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Skin-care strategies for PU prevention are usually provided during first rehabilitation. However, individuals with SCI often do not perform these strategies continuously, especially after discharge. The influence of psychological factors such as general self-efficacy (GSE) on the performance of PU prevention behavior has not yet been sufficiently explored. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if persons with higher levels of GSE are more likely to perform skin-care strategies for PU prevention regularly...
December 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223413/predictors-of-pressure-ulcer-risk-in-adult-intensive-care-patients-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#6
Ana Beatriz de Almeida Medeiros, Maria Isabel da Conceição Dias Fernandes, Jéssica Dantas de Sá Tinôco, Marcelly Santos Cossi, Marcos Venicios de Oliveira Lopes, Ana Luisa Brandão de Carvalho Lira
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the predictive power of risk factors for pressure ulcers in adult intensive care patients. METHOD: A retrospective case-control study was performed utilising a heterogeneous sample group allocated into a case group with pressure ulcers (n=90) and a control group without pressure ulcers (n=90). The analysis explored the predictive power of risk factors for pressure ulcers using a hierarchical logistic regression model. RESULTS: The risk factors that predicted pressure ulcers were friction (OR=5...
December 6, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218778/examination-of-sacral-tissue-oxygen-saturation-among-immobile-patients
#7
Burcu Ceylan, Ulku Yapucu Gunes, Mehmet Uyar
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This research was conducted to explore the effect of immobility on sacral tissue oxygen saturation in patients lying on a supporting surface in supine position. BACKGROUND: Guidelines in regard to preventing pressure ulcers recommend that patients lying on a standard bed should change their positions every two hours and that patients on a supporting surface should change their positions every four hours. But there is no strong evidence that justifies this practice...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218288/giant-anterior-neck-lipoma-with-bleeding-pressure-ulcer-in-an-elderly-man-a-rare-entity
#8
Gaurav Jain, Ila Tyagi, Leela Pant, Namrata Nargotra
Giant lipomas are benign soft tissue tumors found rarely in the neck and are still rarer in the anterior part of the neck. A 70-year-old male patient was presented with a huge swelling measuring 35 cm in maximum dimension, in the front of the neck, reaching up till the umbilicus. The swelling was painless, slow growing and acquired the huge size in approximately 20 years. Ultrasound and CT scan findings were suggestive of a soft tissue lesion. Fine needle aspiration cytology yielded mature adipose tissue fragments...
September 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215059/protective-effect-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-the-pressure-ulcer-formation-by-the-regulation-of-oxidative-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#9
Sei-Ichiro Motegi, Akiko Sekiguchi, Akihiko Uchiyama, Akihito Uehara, Chisako Fujiwara, Sahori Yamazaki, Buddhini Perera, Hideharu Nakamura, Sachiko Ogino, Yoko Yokoyama, Ryoko Akai, Takao Iwawaki, Osamu Ishikawa
Cutaneous ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is associated with the early pathogenesis of cutaneous pressure ulcers (PUs). The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) injection on the formation of PUs after I/R injury and determine the underlying mechanisms. We found that the subcutaneous injection of MSCs into areas of I/R injured skin significantly suppressed the formation of PUs. I/R-induced vascular damage, hypoxia, oxidative DNA damage, and apoptosis were decreased by MSCs injection...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210516/efficacy-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-evidence-based-nursing-interventions-to-maintain-tissue-integrity-to-prevent-pressure-ulcers-and-incontinence-associated-dermatitis
#10
Pınar Avşar, Ayişe Karadağ
BACKGROUND: A reduction in tissue tolerance promotes the development of pressure ulcers (PUs) and incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD). AIMS: To determine the cost-effectiveness and efficacy of evidence-based (EB) nursing interventions on increasing tissue tolerance by maintaining tissue integrity. METHODS: The study involved 154 patients in two intensive care units (77 patients, control group; 77 patients, intervention group). Data were collected using the following: patient characteristics form, Braden PU risk assessment scale, tissue integrity monitoring form, PU identification form, IAD and severity scale, and a cost table of the interventions...
December 6, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201261/electrical-stimulation-for-pressure-injuries-a-health-technology-assessment
#11
(no author information available yet)
Background: Pressure injuries (bedsores) are common and reduce quality of life. They are also costly and difficult to treat. This health technology assessment evaluates the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, budget impact, and lived experience of adding electrical stimulation to standard wound care for pressure injuries. Methods: We conducted a systematic search for studies published to December 7, 2016, limited to randomized and non-randomized controlled trials examining the effectiveness of electrical stimulation plus standard wound care versus standard wound care alone for patients with pressure injuries...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200058/symptoms-nutrition-pressure-ulcers-and-return-to-community-among-older-women-with-heart-failure-at-skilled-nursing-facilities-a-pilot-study
#12
Susan J Pressler, Miyeon Jung, Marita Titler, Jordan Harrison, Kayoung Lee
BACKGROUND: Mortality rate is high for older women with heart failure (HF) who are discharged to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) after hospitalization, but little is known about their symptoms, nutritional factors, and pressure ulcer status and whether these variables predict the women's return to the community. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study are to characterize symptoms (ie, dyspnea, cognitive dysfunction, depression, and pain) and nutritional and pressure ulcer status, evaluate relationships among symptoms, and examine predictors of return to the community among older women with HF admitted to SNFs...
January 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199329/-effect-of-a-non-thermal-atmospheric-pressure-argon-plasma-jet-on-sod-and-mda-levels-in-oral-mucosal-ulcer-of-golden-hamsters
#13
Li Zheng, Ming-Sheng Chen, Lu Wang
PURPOSE:To observe the effects of a non-thermal atmospheric pressure argon plasma jet on the healing time, and the levels of superoxide dismutase(SOD)and malondialdehyde(MDA)in oral mucosal ulcer of golden hamsters.METHODS: 56 golden hamsters were randomly assigned to 8 groups, one normal control group, one ulcer group, one natural healing group without any therapy, one iodine glycerin group, two argon groups (30 s, 120 s)and two plasma groups (30 s, 120 s).24 hours after the last treatment, 4 hamsters from each group were sacrificed to detect SOD and MDA levels in the oral mucosal ulcer by spectrophotometry...
August 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197931/effects-of-supervised-exercise-training-on-lower-limb-cutaneous-microvascular-reactivity-in-adults-with-venous-ulcers
#14
Garry A Tew, Anil Gumber, Emma McIntosh, Sue Kesterton, Brenda King, Jonathan A Michaels, Markos Klonizakis
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a 12-week supervised exercise programme on lower-limb cutaneous microvascular reactivity in adults with venous leg ulceration. METHODS: Thirty-eight adults with unilateral venous ulceration who were being treated with lower-limb compression therapy (58% male; mean age 65 years; median ulcer size 5 cm2) were randomly allocated to exercise or control groups. Exercise participants (n = 18) were invited to attend thrice weekly sessions of lower-limb aerobic and resistance exercise for 12 weeks...
December 2, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193516/the-effectiveness-of-clinical-pathway-directed-care-on-hospitalisation-related-outcomes-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-quasi-experimental-study
#15
Warda Ramadan Abouzeid Mohamed, Matthew J Leach, Nagwa Ahmad Reda, Mohammad Mohamed Abd-Ellatif, Mona Aly Mohammed, Mervat Anwar Abdel Aziz
BACKGROUND: Severe traumatic brain injury (STBI) is a major cause of disability and mortality in young adults. Clinical pathways endeavour to bring evidence and clinical practice closer together to foster the delivery of best practice and to improve patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of clinical pathway directed care to usual care on hospitalisation-related outcomes in patients with STBI. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192867/reduction-of-hyperthermia-in-pediatric-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#16
Marlina E Lovett, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Onsy Ayad, Nicole O'Brien
OBJECTIVE Severe traumatic brain injury remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. Providers focus on reducing secondary brain injury by avoiding hypoxemia, avoiding hypotension, providing normoventilation, treating intracranial hypertension, and reducing cerebral metabolic demand. Hyperthermia is frequently present in patients with severe traumatic brain injury, contributes to cerebral metabolic demand, and is associated with prolonged hospital admission as well as impaired neurological outcome...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189283/effects-of-increasing-airway-pressures-on-the-pressure-of-the-endotracheal-tube-cuff-during-pelvic-laparoscopic-surgery
#17
Eric B Rosero, Esra Ozayar, Javier Eslava-Schmalbach, Abu Minhajuddin, Girish P Joshi
BACKGROUND: Tracheal tube cuff pressures exceeding the perfusion pressures of the tracheal mucosa have been associated with complications such as sore throat, tracheal mucosa ulcers, tracheal rupture, and subglottic stenosis. Despite appropriate inflation, many factors can increase the tracheal cuff pressure during mechanical ventilation. This prospective observational cohort study was designed to test the hypothesis that during a clinical model of decreasing respiratory compliance, the pressure within the endotracheal tube cuff will rise in direct relationship to increases in the airway pressures...
November 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189069/the-impact-of-an-educational-intervention-on-home-support-workers-ability-to-detect-early-pressure-ulcer-damage
#18
Mairead Clarke, Zena Moore, Declan Patton, Tom O'Connor, Linda Nugent
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of an educational intervention on home support workers' ability to detect early pressure ulcer damage. METHOD: A repeated measure design was employed to quantify the effectiveness of an educational intervention, consisting of one pre-test and two post-tests. RESULTS: Education was provided to home support workers and this was followed by an assessment of their ability to correctly classify 20 photographs detailing varying stages of skin damage severity...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184985/-quality-of-self-applied-compression-bandages-in-patients-with-chronic-venous-ulcers-results-of-a%C3%A2-prospective-clinical-study
#19
M Stoffels-Weindorf, I Stoffels, F Jockenhöfer, J Dissemond
BACKGROUND: For effective compression therapy in patients with venous leg ulcers, sufficient pressure is essential. In everyday life, it is often the patients themselves who apply the compression bandages. Many of these patients have restriction in their movement and had been rarely trained adequately. Hence, there was the question of how efficient are the autonomously applied compression bandages of those patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 100 consecutive patients with venous leg ulcer were asked to apply compression bandages on their own leg...
November 28, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184753/tissue-augmentation-with-allograft-adipose-matrix-for-the-diabetic-foot-in-remission
#20
Tala B Shahin, Kairavi V Vaishnav, Marcy Watchman, Vignesh Subbian, Ethan Larson, Evangelia Chnari, David G Armstrong
Background: Repetitive stress on the neuropathic plantar foot is the primary cause of diabetic foot ulcers. After healing, recurrence is common. Modulating plantar pressure has been associated with extension of ulcer free days. Therefore, the goal of this study was to determine the effects of an injectable allograft adipose matrix in providing a protective padding and reducing the pressure in the plantar foot. Methods: After healing his recurrent ulcer using total contact casting, a 71-year-old man with a 9-year history of recurrent diabetic foot ulcers was treated with injection of allograft adipose matrix, procured from donated human tissue...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
keyword
keyword
61397
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"